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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 4 Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 4 Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. ABANDONED, LOST,
STOLEN OR UNCLAIMED VEHICLES

625 ILCS 5/4-201

    (625 ILCS 5/4-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-201)
    Sec. 4-201. Abandonment of vehicles prohibited.
    (a) The abandonment of a vehicle or any part thereof on any highway in this State is unlawful and subject to penalties as set forth under Penalty Section 4-214 of this Chapter.
    (b) The abandonment of a vehicle or any part thereof on private or public property, other than a highway, in view of the general public, anywhere in this State is unlawful except on property of the owner or bailee of such abandoned vehicle. A vehicle or any part thereof so abandoned on private property shall be authorized for removal, by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction, after a waiting period of 7 days or more, or may be removed immediately if determined to be a hazardous dilapidated motor vehicle under Section 11-40-3.1 of the Illinois Municipal Code. A violation of subsections (a) or (b) of this Section is subject to penalties as set forth under Section 4-214 of this Chapter.
    (c) A towing service may begin to process an unclaimed vehicle as abandoned by requesting a record search by the Secretary of State up to 10 days after the date of the tow, or any later date acceptable to the Secretary of State. This subsection (c) shall not apply to vehicles towed by order or authorization of a law enforcement agency.
(Source: P.A. 90-330, eff. 8-8-97.)

625 ILCS 5/4-202

    (625 ILCS 5/4-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-202)
    Sec. 4-202. Abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicle notification to law enforcement agencies.
    When an abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicle comes into the temporary possession or custody of a person in this State, not the owner of the vehicle, such person shall immediately notify the municipal police when the vehicle is within the corporate limits of any city, village or town having a duly authorized police department, or the State Police or the county sheriff when the vehicle is outside the corporate limits of a city, village or town. Upon receipt of such notification, the municipal police, State Police or county sheriff will authorize a towing service to remove and take possession of the abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicle. The towing service will safely keep the towed vehicle and its contents, maintain a record of the tow as set forth in Section 4-204 for law enforcement agencies, until the vehicle is claimed by the owner or any other person legally entitled to possession thereof or until it is disposed of as provided in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 78-858.)

625 ILCS 5/4-203

    (625 ILCS 5/4-203) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-203)
    Sec. 4-203. Removal of motor vehicles or other vehicles; towing or hauling away.
    (a) When a vehicle is abandoned, or left unattended, on a toll highway, interstate highway, or expressway for 2 hours or more, its removal by a towing service may be authorized by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.
    (b) When a vehicle is abandoned on a highway in an urban district 10 hours or more, its removal by a towing service may be authorized by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.
    (c) When a vehicle is abandoned or left unattended on a highway other than a toll highway, interstate highway, or expressway, outside of an urban district for 24 hours or more, its removal by a towing service may be authorized by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.
    (d) When an abandoned, unattended, wrecked, burned or partially dismantled vehicle is creating a traffic hazard because of its position in relation to the highway or its physical appearance is causing the impeding of traffic, its immediate removal from the highway or private property adjacent to the highway by a towing service may be authorized by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.
    (e) Whenever a peace officer reasonably believes that a person under arrest for a violation of Section 11-501 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance is likely, upon release, to commit a subsequent violation of Section 11-501, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, the arresting officer shall have the vehicle which the person was operating at the time of the arrest impounded for a period of not more than 12 hours after the time of arrest. However, such vehicle may be released by the arresting law enforcement agency prior to the end of the impoundment period if:
        (1) the vehicle was not owned by the person under
    
arrest, and the lawful owner requesting such release possesses a valid operator's license, proof of ownership, and would not, as determined by the arresting law enforcement agency, indicate a lack of ability to operate a motor vehicle in a safe manner, or who would otherwise, by operating such motor vehicle, be in violation of this Code; or
        (2) the vehicle is owned by the person under arrest,
    
and the person under arrest gives permission to another person to operate such vehicle, provided however, that the other person possesses a valid operator's license and would not, as determined by the arresting law enforcement agency, indicate a lack of ability to operate a motor vehicle in a safe manner or who would otherwise, by operating such motor vehicle, be in violation of this Code.
    (e-5) Whenever a registered owner of a vehicle is taken into custody for operating the vehicle in violation of Section 11-501 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance or Section 6-303 of this Code, a law enforcement officer may have the vehicle immediately impounded for a period not less than:
        (1) 24 hours for a second violation of Section 11-501
    
of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance or Section 6-303 of this Code or a combination of these offenses; or
        (2) 48 hours for a third violation of Section 11-501
    
of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance or Section 6-303 of this Code or a combination of these offenses.
    The vehicle may be released sooner if the vehicle is owned by the person under arrest and the person under arrest gives permission to another person to operate the vehicle and that other person possesses a valid operator's license and would not, as determined by the arresting law enforcement agency, indicate a lack of ability to operate a motor vehicle in a safe manner or would otherwise, by operating the motor vehicle, be in violation of this Code.
    (f) Except as provided in Chapter 18a of this Code, the owner or lessor of privately owned real property within this State, or any person authorized by such owner or lessor, or any law enforcement agency in the case of publicly owned real property may cause any motor vehicle abandoned or left unattended upon such property without permission to be removed by a towing service without liability for the costs of removal, transportation or storage or damage caused by such removal, transportation or storage. The towing or removal of any vehicle from private property without the consent of the registered owner or other legally authorized person in control of the vehicle is subject to compliance with the following conditions and restrictions:
        1. Any towed or removed vehicle must be stored at the
    
site of the towing service's place of business. The site must be open during business hours, and for the purpose of redemption of vehicles, during the time that the person or firm towing such vehicle is open for towing purposes.
        2. The towing service shall within 30 minutes of
    
completion of such towing or removal, notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction of such towing or removal, and the make, model, color and license plate number of the vehicle, and shall obtain and record the name of the person at the law enforcement agency to whom such information was reported.
        3. If the registered owner or legally authorized
    
person entitled to possession of the vehicle shall arrive at the scene prior to actual removal or towing of the vehicle, the vehicle shall be disconnected from the tow truck and that person shall be allowed to remove the vehicle without interference, upon the payment of a reasonable service fee of not more than one half the posted rate of the towing service as provided in paragraph 6 of this subsection, for which a receipt shall be given.
        4. The rebate or payment of money or any other
    
valuable consideration from the towing service or its owners, managers or employees to the owners or operators of the premises from which the vehicles are towed or removed, for the privilege of removing or towing those vehicles, is prohibited. Any individual who violates this paragraph shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
        5. Except for property appurtenant to and obviously a
    
part of a single family residence, and except for instances where notice is personally given to the owner or other legally authorized person in control of the vehicle that the area in which that vehicle is parked is reserved or otherwise unavailable to unauthorized vehicles and they are subject to being removed at the owner or operator's expense, any property owner or lessor, prior to towing or removing any vehicle from private property without the consent of the owner or other legally authorized person in control of that vehicle, must post a notice meeting the following requirements:
            a. Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph
        
a.1 of this subdivision (f)5, the notice must be prominently placed at each driveway access or curb cut allowing vehicular access to the property within 5 feet from the public right-of-way line. If there are no curbs or access barriers, the sign must be posted not less than one sign each 100 feet of lot frontage.
            a.1. In a municipality with a population of less
        
than 250,000, as an alternative to the requirement of subparagraph a of this subdivision (f)5, the notice for a parking lot contained within property used solely for a 2-family, 3-family, or 4-family residence may be prominently placed at the perimeter of the parking lot, in a position where the notice is visible to the occupants of vehicles entering the lot.
            b. The notice must indicate clearly, in not less
        
than 2 inch high light-reflective letters on a contrasting background, that unauthorized vehicles will be towed away at the owner's expense.
            c. The notice must also provide the name and
        
current telephone number of the towing service towing or removing the vehicle.
            d. The sign structure containing the required
        
notices must be permanently installed with the bottom of the sign not less than 4 feet above ground level, and must be continuously maintained on the property for not less than 24 hours prior to the towing or removing of any vehicle.
        6. Any towing service that tows or removes vehicles
    
and proposes to require the owner, operator, or person in control of the vehicle to pay the costs of towing and storage prior to redemption of the vehicle must file and keep on record with the local law enforcement agency a complete copy of the current rates to be charged for such services, and post at the storage site an identical rate schedule and any written contracts with property owners, lessors, or persons in control of property which authorize them to remove vehicles as provided in this Section. The towing and storage charges, however, shall not exceed the maximum allowed by the Illinois Commerce Commission under Section 18a-200.
        7. No person shall engage in the removal of vehicles
    
from private property as described in this Section without filing a notice of intent in each community where he intends to do such removal, and such notice shall be filed at least 7 days before commencing such towing.
        8. No removal of a vehicle from private property
    
shall be done except upon express written instructions of the owners or persons in charge of the private property upon which the vehicle is said to be trespassing.
        9. Vehicle entry for the purpose of removal shall be
    
allowed with reasonable care on the part of the person or firm towing the vehicle. Such person or firm shall be liable for any damages occasioned to the vehicle if such entry is not in accordance with the standards of reasonable care.
        9.5. Except as authorized by a law enforcement
    
officer, no towing service shall engage in the removal of a commercial motor vehicle that requires a commercial driver's license to operate by operating the vehicle under its own power on a highway.
        10. When a vehicle has been towed or removed pursuant
    
to this Section, it must be released to its owner or custodian within one half hour after requested, if such request is made during business hours. Any vehicle owner or custodian or agent shall have the right to inspect the vehicle before accepting its return, and no release or waiver of any kind which would release the towing service from liability for damages incurred during the towing and storage may be required from any vehicle owner or other legally authorized person as a condition of release of the vehicle. A detailed, signed receipt showing the legal name of the towing service must be given to the person paying towing or storage charges at the time of payment, whether requested or not.
    This Section shall not apply to law enforcement, firefighting, rescue, ambulance, or other emergency vehicles which are marked as such or to property owned by any governmental entity.
    When an authorized person improperly causes a motor vehicle to be removed, such person shall be liable to the owner or lessee of the vehicle for the cost or removal, transportation and storage, any damages resulting from the removal, transportation and storage, attorney's fee and court costs.
    Any towing or storage charges accrued shall be payable by the use of any major credit card, in addition to being payable in cash.
        11. Towing companies shall also provide insurance
    
coverage for areas where vehicles towed under the provisions of this Chapter will be impounded or otherwise stored, and shall adequately cover loss by fire, theft or other risks.
    Any person who fails to comply with the conditions and restrictions of this subsection shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500.
    (g)(1) When a vehicle is determined to be a hazardous dilapidated motor vehicle pursuant to Section 11-40-3.1 of the Illinois Municipal Code or Section 5-12002.1 of the Counties Code, its removal and impoundment by a towing service may be authorized by a law enforcement agency with appropriate jurisdiction.
    (2) When a vehicle removal from either public or private property is authorized by a law enforcement agency, the owner of the vehicle shall be responsible for all towing and storage charges.
    (3) Vehicles removed from public or private property and stored by a commercial vehicle relocator or any other towing service authorized by a law enforcement agency in compliance with this Section and Sections 4-201 and 4-202 of this Code, or at the request of the vehicle owner or operator, shall be subject to a possessor lien for services pursuant to the Labor and Storage Lien (Small Amount) Act. The provisions of Section 1 of that Act relating to notice and implied consent shall be deemed satisfied by compliance with Section 18a-302 and subsection (6) of Section 18a-300. In no event shall such lien be greater than the rate or rates established in accordance with subsection (6) of Section 18a-200 of this Code. In no event shall such lien be increased or altered to reflect any charge for services or materials rendered in addition to those authorized by this Act. Every such lien shall be payable by use of any major credit card, in addition to being payable in cash.
    (4) Any personal property belonging to the vehicle owner in a vehicle subject to a lien under this subsection (g) shall likewise be subject to that lien, excepting only: child restraint systems as defined in Section 4 of the Child Passenger Protection Act and other child booster seats; eyeglasses; food; medicine; perishable property; any operator's licenses; any cash, credit cards, or checks or checkbooks; any wallet, purse, or other property containing any operator's license or other identifying documents or materials, cash, credit cards, checks, or checkbooks; and any personal property belonging to a person other than the vehicle owner if that person provides adequate proof that the personal property belongs to that person. The spouse, child, mother, father, brother, or sister of the vehicle owner may claim personal property excepted under this paragraph (4) if the person claiming the personal property provides the commercial vehicle relocator or towing service with the authorization of the vehicle owner.
    (5) This paragraph (5) applies only in the case of a vehicle that is towed as a result of being involved in an accident. In addition to the personal property excepted under paragraph (4), all other personal property in a vehicle subject to a lien under this subsection (g) is exempt from that lien and may be claimed by the vehicle owner if the vehicle owner provides the commercial vehicle relocator or towing service with proof that the vehicle owner has an insurance policy covering towing and storage fees. The spouse, child, mother, father, brother, or sister of the vehicle owner may claim personal property in a vehicle subject to a lien under this subsection (g) if the person claiming the personal property provides the commercial vehicle relocator or towing service with the authorization of the vehicle owner and proof that the vehicle owner has an insurance policy covering towing and storage fees. The regulation of liens on personal property and exceptions to those liens in the case of vehicles towed as a result of being involved in an accident are exclusive powers and functions of the State. A home rule unit may not regulate liens on personal property and exceptions to those liens in the case of vehicles towed as a result of being involved in an accident. This paragraph (5) is a denial and limitation of home rule powers and functions under subsection (h) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution.
    (6) No lien under this subsection (g) shall: exceed $2,000 in its total amount; or be increased or altered to reflect any charge for services or materials rendered in addition to those authorized by this Act.
    (h) Whenever a peace officer issues a citation to a driver for a violation of subsection (a) of Section 11-506 of this Code, the arresting officer may have the vehicle which the person was operating at the time of the arrest impounded for a period of 5 days after the time of arrest. An impounding agency shall release a motor vehicle impounded under this subsection (h) to the registered owner of the vehicle under any of the following circumstances:
        (1) If the vehicle is a stolen vehicle; or
        (2) If the person ticketed for a violation of
    
subsection (a) of Section 11-506 of this Code was not authorized by the registered owner of the vehicle to operate the vehicle at the time of the violation; or
        (3) If the registered owner of the vehicle was
    
neither the driver nor a passenger in the vehicle at the time of the violation or was unaware that the driver was using the vehicle to engage in street racing; or
        (4) If the legal owner or registered owner of the
    
vehicle is a rental car agency; or
        (5) If, prior to the expiration of the impoundment
    
period specified above, the citation is dismissed or the defendant is found not guilty of the offense.
    (i) Except for vehicles exempted under subsection (b) of Section 7-601 of this Code, whenever a law enforcement officer issues a citation to a driver for a violation of Section 3-707 of this Code, and the driver has a prior conviction for a violation of Section 3-707 of this Code in the past 12 months, the arresting officer shall authorize the removal and impoundment of the vehicle by a towing service.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/4-203.5

    (625 ILCS 5/4-203.5)
    Sec. 4-203.5. Tow rotation list.
    (a) Each law enforcement agency whose duties include the patrol of highways in this State shall maintain a tow rotation list which shall be used by law enforcement officers authorizing the tow of a vehicle within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement agency. To ensure adequate response time, a law enforcement agency may maintain multiple tow rotation lists, with each tow rotation list covering tows authorized in different geographic locations within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement agency. A towing service may be included on more than one tow rotation list.
    (b) Any towing service operating within the jurisdiction of a law enforcement agency may submit an application in a form and manner prescribed by the law enforcement agency for inclusion on the law enforcement agency's tow rotation list. The towing service does not need to be located within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement agency. To be included on a tow rotation list the towing service must meet the following requirements:
        (1) possess a license permitting the towing service
    
to operate in every unit of local government in the law enforcement agency's jurisdiction that requires a license for the operation of a towing service;
        (2) if required by the law enforcement agency for
    
inclusion on that law enforcement agency's tow rotation list, each owner of the towing service and each person operating a vehicle on behalf of the towing service shall submit his or her fingerprints to the Department of State Police in the form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police. These fingerprints should be transmitted through a live scan fingerprint vendor licensed by the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. These fingerprints shall be checked against the fingerprint records now and hereafter filed in the Department of State Police and Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal history records databases. The Department of State Police shall charge a fee for conducting the criminal history record check, which shall be deposited in the State Police Services Fund and shall not exceed the actual cost of the State and national criminal history record check. The Department of State Police shall furnish, pursuant to positive identification, all Illinois conviction information to the law enforcement agency maintaining the tow rotation list and shall forward the national criminal history record information to the law enforcement agency maintaining the tow rotation list. A person may not own a towing service or operate a vehicle on behalf of a towing service included on a tow rotation list if that person has been convicted during the 5 years preceding the application of a criminal offense involving one or more of the following:
            (A) bodily injury or attempt to inflict bodily
        
injury to another person;
            (B) theft of property or attempted theft of
        
property; or
            (C) sexual assault or attempted sexual assault
        
of any kind;
        (3) each person operating a vehicle on behalf of
    
the towing service must be classified for the type of towing operation he or she shall be performing and the vehicle he or she shall be operating;
        (4) possess and maintain the following insurance in
    
addition to any other insurance required by law:
            (A) comprehensive automobile liability
        
insurance with a minimum combined single limit coverage of $1,000,000;
            (B) commercial general liability insurance with
        
limits of not less than $1,000,000 per occurrence, $100,000 minimum garage keepers legal liability insurance, and $100,000 minimum on-hook coverage or cargo insurance; and
            (C) a worker's compensation policy covering
        
every person operating a tow truck on behalf of the towing service, if required under current law;
        (5) possess a secure parking lot used for
    
short-term vehicle storage after a vehicle is towed that is open during business hours and is equipped with security features as required by the law enforcement agency;
        (6) utilize only vehicles that possess a valid
    
vehicle registration, display a valid Illinois license plate in accordance with Section 5-202 of this Code, and comply with the weight requirements of this Code;
        (7) every person operating a towing or recovery
    
vehicle on behalf of the towing service must have completed a Traffic Incident Management Training Program approved by the Department of Transportation;
        (8) hold a valid authority issued to it by the
    
Illinois Commerce Commission;
        (9) comply with all other applicable federal,
    
State, and local laws; and
        (10) comply with any additional requirements the
    
applicable law enforcement agency deems necessary.
    The law enforcement agency may select which towing services meeting the requirements of this subsection (b) shall be included on a tow rotation list. The law enforcement agency may choose to have only one towing service on its tow rotation list. Complaints regarding the process for inclusion on a tow rotation list or the use of a tow rotation list may be referred in writing to the head of the law enforcement agency administering that tow rotation list. The head of the law enforcement agency shall make the final determination as to which qualified towing services shall be included on a tow rotation list, and shall not be held liable for the exclusion of any towing service from a tow rotation list.
    (c) Whenever a law enforcement officer initiates a tow of a vehicle, the officer shall contact his or her law enforcement agency and inform the agency that a tow has been authorized. The law enforcement agency shall then select a towing service from the law enforcement agency's tow rotation list corresponding to the geographical area where the tow was authorized, and shall contact that towing service directly by phone, computer, or similar means. Towing services shall be contacted in the order listed on the appropriate tow rotation list, at which point the towing service shall be placed at the end of that tow rotation list. In the event a listed towing service is not available, the next listed towing service on that tow rotation list shall be contacted.
    (d) A law enforcement agency may deviate from the order listed on a tow rotation list if the towing service next on that tow rotation list is, in the judgment of the authorizing officer or the law enforcement agency making the selection, incapable of or not properly equipped for handling a specific task related to the tow that requires special skills or equipment. A deviation from the order listed on the tow rotation list for this reason shall not cause a loss of rotation turn by the towing service determined to be incapable or not properly equipped for handling the request.
    (e) In the event of an emergency a law enforcement officer or agency, taking into account the safety and location of the situation, may deviate from the order of the tow rotation list and obtain towing service from any source deemed appropriate.
    (f) If the owner or operator of a disabled vehicle is present at the scene of the disabled vehicle, is not under arrest, and does not abandon his or her vehicle, and in the law enforcement officer's opinion the disabled vehicle is not impeding or obstructing traffic, illegally parked, or posing a security or safety risk, the law enforcement officer shall allow the owner of the vehicle to specify a towing service to relocate the disabled vehicle. If the owner chooses not to specify a towing service, the law enforcement agency shall select a towing service for the vehicle as provided in subsection (c) of this Section.
    (g) If a tow operator is present or arrives where a tow is needed and it has not been requested by the law enforcement agency or the owner or operator, the law enforcement officer, unless acting under Section 11-1431 of this Code, shall advise the tow operator to leave the scene.
    (h) Nothing contained in this Section shall apply to a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction solely over a municipality with a population over 1,000,000.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/4-204

    (625 ILCS 5/4-204) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-204)
    Sec. 4-204. Police tows; reports, release of vehicles, payment. When a vehicle is authorized to be towed away as provided in Section 4-202 or 4-203:
    (a) The authorization, any hold order, and any release shall be in writing, or confirmed in writing, with a copy given to the towing service.
    (b) The police headquarters or office of the law officer authorizing the towing shall keep and maintain a record of the vehicle towed, listing the color, year of manufacture, manufacturer's trade name, manufacturer's series name, body style, Vehicle Identification Number, license plate year and number and registration sticker year and number displayed on the vehicle. The record shall also include the date and hour of tow, location towed from, location towed to, reason for towing and the name of the officer authorizing the tow.
    (c) The owner, operator, or other legally entitled person shall be responsible to the towing service for payment of applicable removal, towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs associated with a vehicle towed or held under order or authorization of a law enforcement agency. If a vehicle towed or held under order or authorization of a law enforcement agency is seized by the ordering or authorizing agency or any other law enforcement or governmental agency and sold, any unpaid removal, towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs shall be paid to the towing service from the proceeds of the sale. If applicable law provides that the proceeds are to be paid into the treasury of the appropriate civil jurisdiction, then any unpaid removal, towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs shall be paid to the towing service from the treasury of the civil jurisdiction. That payment shall not, however, exceed the amount of proceeds from the sale, with the balance to be paid by the owner, operator, or other legally entitled person.
    (d) Upon delivery of a written release order to the towing service, a vehicle subject to a hold order shall be released to the owner, operator, or other legally entitled person upon proof of ownership or other entitlement and upon payment of applicable removal, towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs.
(Source: P.A. 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)

625 ILCS 5/4-205

    (625 ILCS 5/4-205) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-205)
    Sec. 4-205. Record searches.
    (a) When a law enforcement agency authorizing the impounding of a vehicle does not know the identity of the registered owner, lienholder or other legally entitled person, that law enforcement agency will cause the vehicle registration records of the State of Illinois to be searched by the Secretary of State for the purpose of obtaining the required ownership information.
    (b) The law enforcement agency authorizing the impounding of a vehicle will cause the stolen motor vehicle files of the State Police to be searched by a directed communication to the State Police for stolen or wanted information on the vehicle. When the State Police files are searched with negative results, the information contained in the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) files will be searched by the State Police. The information determined from these record searches will be returned to the requesting law enforcement agency for that agency's use in sending a notification by certified mail to the registered owner, lienholder and other legally entitled persons advising where the vehicle is held, requesting a disposition be made and setting forth public sale information. Notification shall be sent no later than 10 business days after the date the law enforcement agency impounds or authorizes the impounding of a vehicle, provided that if the law enforcement agency is unable to determine the identity of the registered owner, lienholder or other person legally entitled to ownership of the impounded vehicle within a 10 business day period after impoundment, then notification shall be sent no later than 2 days after the date the identity of the registered owner, lienholder or other person legally entitled to ownership of the impounded vehicle is determined. Exceptions to a notification by certified mail to the registered owner, lienholder and other legally entitled persons are set forth in Section 4-209 of this Code.
    (c) When ownership information is needed for a towing service to give notification as required under this Code, the towing service may cause the vehicle registration records of the State of Illinois to be searched by the Secretary of State, and in such case, the towing service also shall give notice to all lienholders of record within the time period required for such other notices.
    The written request of a towing service, in the form and containing the information prescribed by the Secretary of State by rule, may be transmitted to the Secretary of State in person, by U.S. mail or other delivery service, by facsimile transmission, or by other means the Secretary of State deems acceptable.
    The Secretary of State shall provide the required information, or a statement that the information was not found in the vehicle registration records of the State, by U.S. mail or other delivery service, facsimile transmission, as requested by the towing service, or by other means acceptable to the Secretary of State.
    (d) The Secretary of State may prescribe standards and procedures for submission of requests for record searches and replies via computer link.
    (e) Fees for services provided under this Section shall be in amounts prescribed by the Secretary of State under Section 3-821.1 of this Code. Payment may be made by the towing service using cash, any commonly accepted credit card, or any other means of payment deemed acceptable by the Secretary of State.
(Source: P.A. 95-838, eff. 8-15-08.)

625 ILCS 5/4-206

    (625 ILCS 5/4-206) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-206)
    Sec. 4-206. Identifying and tracing of vehicle ownership by Illinois State Police. When the registered owner, lienholder or other person legally entitled to the possession of a vehicle cannot be identified from the registration files of this State or from the registration files of a foreign state, if applicable, the law enforcement agency having custody of the vehicle shall notify the State Police, for the purpose of identifying the vehicle owner or other person legally entitled to the possession of the vehicle. The information obtained by the State Police will be immediately forwarded to the law enforcement agency having custody of the vehicle for notification purposes as set forth in Section 4-205 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 82-363.)

625 ILCS 5/4-207

    (625 ILCS 5/4-207) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-207)
    Sec. 4-207. Reclaimed vehicles; expenses.
    (a) Any time before a vehicle is sold at public sale or disposed of as provided in Section 4-208, the owner, lienholder or other person legally entitled to its possession may reclaim the vehicle by presenting to the law enforcement agency having custody of the vehicle proof of ownership or proof of the right to possession of the vehicle.
    (b) No vehicle shall be released to the owner, lienholder, or other person under this Section until all towing, storage, and processing charges have been paid.
(Source: P.A. 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)

625 ILCS 5/4-208

    (625 ILCS 5/4-208) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-208)
    Sec. 4-208. Disposal of unclaimed vehicles.
    (a) In cities having a population of more than 500,000, whenever an abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicle, or vehicle determined to be a hazardous dilapidated motor vehicle pursuant to Section 11-40-3.1 of the Illinois Municipal Code, remains unclaimed by the registered owner, lienholder or other legally entitled person for a period of 18 days after notice has been given under Sections 4-205 and 4-206 of this Code, if during that 18 days the possessor of the vehicle has sent an additional notice by first class mail to the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled person, the vehicle shall be disposed, pursuant to the provisions of the "Municipal purchasing act for cities of 500,000 or more population", to a person licensed as an automotive parts recycler, rebuilder or scrap processor under Chapter 5 of this Code. With respect to any vehicle that has been booted, impounded, or both in accordance with subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3, a city with a population over 500,000 may establish a program whereby the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled person is entitled to any proceeds from the disposition of the vehicle, less any reasonable storage charges, administrative fees, booting fees, towing fees, and parking and compliance fines and penalties.
    (b) Except as provided in Section 4-208 for cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants, when an abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicle 7 years of age or newer remains unclaimed by the registered owner, lienholder or other legally entitled persons for a period of 30 days after notice has been given as provided in Sections 4-205 and 4-206 of this Code, the law enforcement agency or towing service having possession of the vehicle shall cause it to be sold at public auction to a person licensed as an automotive parts recycler, rebuilder or scrap processor under Chapter 5 of this Code or the towing operator which towed the vehicle. Notice of the time and place of the sale shall be posted in a conspicuous place for at least 10 days prior to the sale on the premises where the vehicle has been impounded. At least 10 days prior to the sale, the law enforcement agency where the vehicle is impounded, or the towing service where the vehicle is impounded, shall cause a notice of the time and place of the sale to be sent by certified mail to the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons. Notice as provided in Sections 4-205 and 4-206 of this Code and as provided in this subsection (b) shall state the time and place of sale and shall contain a complete description of the vehicle to be sold and what steps must be taken by any legally entitled person to reclaim the vehicle.
    (c) If an abandoned, lost, stolen, or unclaimed vehicle displays dealer plates, notice under this Section and Section 4-209 of this Code shall be sent to both the dealer and the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons.
    (d) In those instances where the certified notification specified in Sections 4-205 and 4-206 of this Code has been returned by the postal authorities to the law enforcement agency or towing service, the sending of a second certified notice will not be required.
(Source: P.A. 94-650, eff. 1-1-06.)

625 ILCS 5/4-209

    (625 ILCS 5/4-209) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-209)
    Sec. 4-209. Disposal of unclaimed vehicles more than 7 years of age; disposal of abandoned or unclaimed vehicles without notice.
    (a) When the identity of the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons of an abandoned, lost, or unclaimed vehicle of 7 years of age or newer cannot be determined by any means provided for in this Chapter, the vehicle may be sold as provided in Section 4-208 without notice to any person whose identity cannot be determined.
    (b) When an abandoned vehicle of more than 7 years of age is impounded as specified by this Chapter, or when any such vehicle is towed at the request or with the consent of the owner or operator and is subsequently abandoned, it will be kept in custody or storage for a minimum of 10 days for the purpose of determining the identity of the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons and contacting the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons by the U. S. Mail, public service or in person for a determination of disposition; and, an examination of the State Police stolen vehicle files for theft and wanted information. At the expiration of the 10 day period, without the benefit of disposition information being received from the registered owner, lienholder, or other legally entitled persons, the vehicle may be disposed of in either of the following ways:
        (1) The law enforcement agency having jurisdiction
    
will authorize the disposal of the vehicle as junk or salvage.
        (2) The towing service may sell the vehicle in the
    
manner provided in Section 4-208 of this Code, provided that this paragraph (2) shall not apply to vehicles towed by order or authorization of a law enforcement agency.
    (c) A vehicle classified as an antique vehicle, expanded-use antique vehicle, custom vehicle, or street rod may however be sold to a person desiring to restore it.
(Source: P.A. 97-412, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/4-209.1

    (625 ILCS 5/4-209.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-209.1)
    Sec. 4-209.1. Disposal of hazardous dilapidated motor vehicles. Any hazardous dilapidated motor vehicle impounded pursuant to the provisions of this Article and Section 11-40-3.1 of the Illinois Municipal Code, whether impounded at a public facility or on the property of private towing service, shall be kept in custody for a period of 10 days for the purpose of determining the identity of the registered owner or lienholder and contacting such owner or lienholder, if known, by regular U.S. Mail. At the expiration of the 10-day period, without benefit of disposition information being received from the registered owner or lienholder, the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction will authorize the disposal of the vehicle as junk.
(Source: P.A. 86-460.)

625 ILCS 5/4-209.2

    (625 ILCS 5/4-209.2)
    Sec. 4-209.2. Collection of unpaid charges. In an action to collect towing, storage, and processing charges that remain unpaid after disposition of a vehicle towed or relocated under this Code, the towing service may recover reasonable collection costs.
(Source: P.A. 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)

625 ILCS 5/4-210

    (625 ILCS 5/4-210) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-210)
    Sec. 4-210. Police reports after vehicle is reclaimed or disposed of. When a vehicle in the custody of a law enforcement agency is reclaimed by the registered owner, lienholder or other legally entitled person, or when the vehicle is sold at public sale or otherwise disposed of as provided in this Chapter, a report of the transaction will be maintained by that law enforcement agency for a period of one year from the date of the sale or disposal.
(Source: P.A. 82-363.)

625 ILCS 5/4-211

    (625 ILCS 5/4-211) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-211)
    Sec. 4-211. Disposition of proceeds of sale of unclaimed vehicles.
    (a) When a vehicle located within the corporate limits of a city, village or town is authorized to be towed away by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction and disposed of as set forth in this Chapter, the proceeds of the public sale or disposition after the deduction of towing, storage and processing charges shall be deposited in the treasury of such city, village or town.
    (b) When a vehicle located outside the corporate limits of a city, village or town is authorized to be towed away by a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction and disposed of as set forth in this Chapter, the proceeds of the public sale or disposition, after deducting towing, storage and processing costs shall be deposited in the county treasury of the county where the vehicle was located at the time of the tow.
    (c) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to vehicles disposed of or sold at public sale under subsection (k) of Section 4-107 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 83-830.)

625 ILCS 5/4-212

    (625 ILCS 5/4-212) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-212)
    Sec. 4-212. Ownership documents for vehicles after public sale - removal of liens. When an applicant for a salvage certificate or junking certificate under this Chapter presents to the Secretary of State proof that he has purchased or acquired a vehicle at a public sale as authorized by this Chapter and such fact is certified to by the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the public sale of a vehicle, the Secretary of State shall issue a salvage certificate or junking certificate for the vehicle upon receipt of the statutory fee and a properly executed application for a salvage certificate or junking certificate. The salvage certificate or junking certificate issued by the Secretary of State under this Section shall be free of any lien that existed against the vehicle prior to the time the vehicle was acquired by the applicant under this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 85-951.)

625 ILCS 5/4-212.1

    (625 ILCS 5/4-212.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-212.1)
    Sec. 4-212.1. In cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants, the corporate authorities may, by ordinance, designate any department of municipal government to do any of the following:
    (1) To perform any of the duties and functions specified for law enforcement agencies in subsection (a) of Section 4-205 and in Sections 4-201, 4-203, 4-204, 4-206, 4-207, 4-208, 4-209, 4-210, 4-211 and 4-212; and
    (2) To authorize a towing service to remove and take possession of abandoned, lost, stolen or unclaimed vehicles, in the manner that municipal police may make such authorization pursuant to Section 4-202; and
    (3) To send notifications as required under subsection (b) of Section 4-205.
(Source: P.A. 86-947.)

625 ILCS 5/4-213

    (625 ILCS 5/4-213) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-213)
    Sec. 4-213. Liability of law enforcement officers, agencies, and towing services.
    (a) A law enforcement officer or agency, a department of municipal government designated under Section 4-212.1 or its officers or employees, or a towing service owner, operator, or employee shall not be held to answer or be liable for damages in any action brought by the registered owner, former registered owner, or his legal representative, lienholder or any other person legally entitled to the possession of a vehicle when the vehicle was processed and sold or disposed of as provided by this Chapter.
    (b) A towing service, and any of its officers or employees, that removes or tows a vehicle as a result of being directed to do so by a law enforcement officer or agency or a department of municipal government or its officers or employees shall not be held to answer or be liable for loss of or damages to any real or personal property that occurs in the course of the removal or towing of a vehicle or its contents (i) on a limited access highway in a designated Incident Management Program that uses fast lane clearance techniques as defined by the Department of Transportation or (ii) at the direction of a peace officer, a highway authority official, or a representative of local authorities, under Section 11-402 or 11-404 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 95-407, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/4-214

    (625 ILCS 5/4-214) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 4-214)
    Sec. 4-214. Violations of Section 4-201.
    (a) Any person who violates Section 4-201 of this Code or who aids and abets in that violation:
        (1) shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $200; and
        (2) shall be required by the court to make a
    
disposition on the abandoned or unclaimed vehicle and pay all towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs pursuant to Section 4-203, subsections (a) and (e).
    (b) When a vehicle is abandoned, it shall be presumed that the last registered owner is responsible for the abandonment and shall be liable for all towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs, less any amounts realized in the disposal of the vehicle. The last registered owner's liability for storage fees may not exceed a maximum of 30 days' storage fees.
    The presumption established under this subsection may be rebutted by a showing that, prior to the time of the tow:
        (1) a report of vehicle theft was filed with respect
    
to the vehicle; or
        (2) the vehicle was sold or transferred and the last
    
registered owner provides the towing service with the correct identity and address of the new owner at the time of the sale or transfer.
    If the presumption established under this subsection is rebutted, the person responsible for theft of the vehicle or to whom the vehicle was sold or transferred is liable for all towing, storage, and processing charges and collection costs.
(Source: P.A. 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)

625 ILCS 5/4-214.1

    (625 ILCS 5/4-214.1)
    Sec. 4-214.1. Failure to pay fines, charges, and costs on an abandoned vehicle.     (a) Whenever any resident of this State fails to pay any fine, charge, or cost imposed for a violation of Section 4-201 of this Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, the clerk shall notify the Secretary of State, on a report prescribed by the Secretary, and the Secretary shall prohibit the renewal, reissue, or reinstatement of the resident's driving privileges until the fine, charge, or cost has been paid in full. The clerk shall provide notice to the owner, at the owner's last known address as shown on the court's records, stating that the action will be effective on the 46th day following the date of the above notice if payment is not received in full by the court of venue.
    (b) Following receipt of the report from the clerk, the Secretary of State shall make the proper notation to the owner's file to prohibit the renewal, reissue, or reinstatement of the owner's driving privileges. Except as provided in subsection (d) of this Section, the notation shall not be removed from the owner's record until the owner satisfies the outstanding fine, charge, or cost and an appropriate notice on a form prescribed by the Secretary is received by the Secretary from the court of venue, stating that the fine, charge, or cost has been paid in full. Upon payment in full of a fine, charge, or court cost which has previously been reported under this Section as unpaid, the clerk of the court shall present the owner with a signed receipt containing the seal of the court indicating that the fine, charge, or cost has been paid in full, and shall forward immediately to the Secretary of State a notice stating that the fine, charge, or cost has been paid in full.
    (c) Notwithstanding the receipt of a report from the clerk as prescribed in subsection (a), nothing in this Section is intended to place any responsibility upon the Secretary of State to provide independent notice to the owner of any potential action to disallow the renewal, reissue, or reinstatement of the owner's driving privileges.
    (d) The Secretary of State shall renew, reissue, or reinstate an owner's driving privileges which were previously refused under this Section upon presentation of an original receipt which is signed by the clerk of the court and contains the seal of the court indicating that the fine, charge, or cost has been paid in full. The Secretary of State shall retain the receipt for his or her records.
(Source: P.A. 95-621, eff. 6-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/4-215

    (625 ILCS 5/4-215)
    Sec. 4-215. Rebuilt vehicles; clean titles. Persons licensed under Section 5-301 of this Code may obtain a certificate of title that does not bear the notation "REBUILT" from a certificate of purchase when the damage to the vehicle is 25% or less of its market value, there has been no structural damage to the vehicle, there is no history of a salvage certificate, and the vehicle has undergone a salvage inspection by the Secretary of State and a safety inspection under Section 13-101 of this Code. The application for a certificate of title shall contain an affirmation under penalty for perjury that the vehicle on the date of the application is not damaged in excess of 25% of its market value, has no structural damage, and has no history of salvage.
(Source: P.A. 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)