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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/13-116.1

    (625 ILCS 5/13-116.1)
    Sec. 13-116.1. Emission inspection funding. The Department of Transportation shall be reimbursed for all expenses related to the training, equipment, recordkeeping, and conducting of diesel powered emission inspections pursuant to this Chapter 13 when that testing is conducted within the affected areas, subject to appropriation, from the General Revenue Fund and the Diesel Emissions Testing Fund. No moneys from any funds other than the General Revenue Fund and the Diesel Emissions Testing Fund shall be appropriated for diesel emission inspections under this Chapter 13.
(Source: P.A. 91-254, eff. 7-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/13-117

    (625 ILCS 5/13-117)
    Sec. 13-117. Home rule. A unit of local government within the affected areas, including home rule units, shall not require or conduct a diesel emission inspection program that does not meet or exceed the standards of the diesel emission inspections provided for in this Chapter 13. A unit of local government within the affected areas, including home rule units, must affirmatively comply with the diesel emission inspection requirements of this Chapter 13. This Section is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
(Source: P.A. 91-254, eff. 7-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13A

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13A heading)
CHAPTER 13A. EMISSION INSPECTION
(Repealed by P.A. 92-682, eff. 1-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13B

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13B heading)
CHAPTER 13B. EMISSION INSPECTION
(Repealed internally, eff. 7-1-07)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13C

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13C heading)
CHAPTER 13C. EMISSION INSPECTION
(Source: P.A. 94-526, eff. 1-1-06.)

625 ILCS 5/13C-1

    (625 ILCS 5/13C-1)
    Sec. 13C-1. Short title. This Chapter may be cited as the Vehicle Emissions Inspection Law of 2005.
(Source: P.A. 94-526, eff. 1-1-06.)

625 ILCS 5/13C-5

    (625 ILCS 5/13C-5)
    Sec. 13C-5. Definitions. For the purposes of this Chapter:
    "Affected counties" means Cook County; DuPage County; Lake County; those parts of Kane County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 60109, 60119, 60135, 60140, 60142, 60144, 60147, 60151, 60152, 60178, 60182, 60511, 60520, 60545, and 60554; those parts of Kendall County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 60447, 60450, 60512, 60536, 60537, 60541, those parts of 60543 that are not within the census defined urbanized area, 60545, 60548, and 60560; those parts of McHenry County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 60001, 60033, 60034, 60071, 60072, 60097, 60098, 60135, 60142, 60152, and 60180; those parts of Will County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 60401, 60407, 60408, 60410, 60416, 60418, 60421, 60442, 60447, 60468, 60481, 60935, and 60950; those parts of Madison County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 62001, 62012, 62021, 62026, 62046, 62058, 62061, 62067, 62074, 62086, 62088, 62097, 62249, 62275, 62281, and 62293; those parts of Monroe County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 62244, 62248, 62256, 62261, 62264, 62276, 62277, 62278, 62279, 62295, and 62298; and those parts of St. Clair County that are not included within any of the following ZIP code areas, as designated by the U.S. Postal Service on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly: 62224, 62243, 62248, 62254, 62255, 62257, 62258, 62260, 62264, 62265, 62269, 62278, 62282, 62285, 62289, 62293, and 62298.
    "Board" means the Illinois Pollution Control Board.
    "Claim evaluation center" means an automotive diagnostic facility that meets the standards prescribed by the Agency for performing examinations of vehicle emissions inspection damage claims.
    "Contractor" means the vehicle emissions test contractor for official inspection stations described in Section 13C-45.
    "Diagnostic code" means a code stored in a vehicle's on-board diagnostic computer to indicate the occurrence of an emissions-related condition or malfunction.
    "Inspection area" means Cook County, DuPage County, Lake County, and those portions of Kane, Kendall, Madison, McHenry, Monroe, Will, and St. Clair Counties included in the definition of "affected counties".
    "Malfunction indicator lamp" or "MIL" means a dashboard lamp designed to illuminate to alert the driver to the occurrence of a problem or condition resulting in excessive emissions.
    "On-board diagnostic system" or "OBD system" means the computer-based system built into a vehicle that is designed to monitor the performance of major engine and emissions controls, to alert the operator to emissions-related malfunctions, and to store diagnostic codes and other vehicle operating information useful in repairing the vehicle.
    "Official inspection station" means a structure or physical location where the Agency has authorized vehicle emissions testing to be conducted.
    "Owner" means the registered owner of the vehicle, as indicated on the vehicle's registration. In the case of an unregistered vehicle, "owner" has the meaning set forth in Section 1-155 of this Code.
    "Program" means the vehicle emission inspection program established under this Chapter.
    "Readiness status" means an indication of whether a vehicle's on-board diagnostic system has completed a periodic check of the performance of a monitored system or component.
    "Resident" includes natural persons, foreign and domestic corporations, partnerships, associations, and all other commercial and governmental entities. For the purpose of determining residence, the owner of a vehicle shall be presumed to reside at the address indicated on the vehicle's registration. A governmental entity, including the federal government and its agencies, and any unit of local government or school district, any part of which is located within an affected county, shall be deemed a resident of an affected county for the purpose of any vehicle that is owned by the governmental entity and regularly operated in an affected county.
    "Registration" of a vehicle means its registration under Article IV of Chapter 3 of this Code.
    "Vehicle age" means the numerical difference between the current calendar year and the vehicle model year.
(Source: P.A. 97-106, eff. 2-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/13C-10

    (625 ILCS 5/13C-10)
    Sec. 13C-10. Program.
    (a) The Agency shall establish a program to begin February 1, 2007, to reduce the emission of pollutants by motor vehicles. This program shall be a replacement for and continuation of the program established under the Vehicle Emissions Inspection Law of 1995, Chapter 13B of this Code.
    At a minimum, this program shall provide for all of the following:
        (1) The inspection of certain motor vehicles every 2
    
years, as required under Section 13C-15.
        (2) The establishment and operation of official
    
inspection stations.
        (3) The designation of official test equipment and
    
testing procedures.
        (4) The training and supervision of inspectors and
    
other personnel.
        (5) Procedures to assure the correct operation,
    
maintenance, and calibration of test equipment.
        (6) Procedures for certifying test results and for
    
reporting and maintaining relevant data and records.
        (7) The funding of alternate fuel rebates and grants
    
as authorized by Section 30 of the Alternate Fuels Act.
    (b) The Agency shall provide for the operation of a sufficient number of official inspection stations to prevent undue difficulty for motorists to obtain the inspections required under this Chapter. In the event that the Agency operates inspection stations or contracts with one or more parties to operate inspection stations on its behalf, the Agency shall endeavor to: (i) locate the stations so that the owners of vehicles subject to inspection reside within 12 miles of an official inspection station; and (ii) have sufficient inspection capacity at the stations so that the usual wait before the start of an inspection does not exceed 15 minutes.
(Source: P.A. 98-24, eff. 6-19-13.)

625 ILCS 5/13C-15

    (625 ILCS 5/13C-15)
    Sec. 13C-15. Inspections.
    (a) Computer-Matched Inspections and Notification.
        (1) The provisions of this subsection (a) are
    
operative until the implementation of the registration denial inspection and notification mechanisms required by subsection (b). Beginning with the implementation of the program required by this Chapter, every motor vehicle that is owned by a resident of an affected county, other than a vehicle that is exempt under paragraph (a)(6) or (a)(7), is subject to inspection under the program.
        The Agency shall send notice of the assigned
    
inspection month, at least 15 days before the beginning of the assigned month, to the owner of each vehicle subject to the program. An initial emission inspection sticker or initial inspection certificate, as the case may be, expires on the last day of the third month following the month assigned by the Agency for the first inspection of the vehicle. A renewal inspection sticker or certificate expires on the last day of the third month following the month assigned for inspection in the year in which the vehicle's next inspection is required.
        The Agency or its agent may issue an interim emission
    
inspection sticker or certificate for any vehicle subject to inspection that does not have a currently valid emission inspection sticker or certificate at the time the Agency is notified by the Secretary of State of its registration by a new owner, and for which an initial emission inspection sticker or certificate has already been issued. An interim emission inspection sticker or certificate expires no later than the last day of the sixth complete calendar month after the date the Agency issued the interim emission inspection sticker or certificate.
        The owner of each vehicle subject to inspection shall
    
obtain an emission inspection sticker or certificate for the vehicle in accordance with this paragraph (1). Before the expiration of the emission inspection sticker or certificate, the owner shall have the vehicle inspected and, upon demonstration of compliance, obtain a renewal emission inspection sticker or certificate. A renewal emission inspection sticker or certificate shall not be issued more than 5 months before the expiration date of the previous inspection sticker or certificate.
        (2) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(3), vehicles
    
shall be inspected every 2 years on a schedule that begins either in the second, fourth, or later calendar year after the vehicle model year. The beginning test schedule shall be set by the Agency and shall be consistent with the State's requirements for emission reductions as determined by the applicable United States Environmental Protection Agency vehicle emissions estimation model and applicable guidance and rules.
        (3) A vehicle may be inspected at a time outside of
    
its normal 2-year inspection schedule, if (i) the vehicle was acquired by a new owner and (ii) the vehicle was required to be in compliance with this Act at the time the vehicle was acquired by the new owner, but it was not then in compliance.
        (4) The owner of a vehicle subject to inspection
    
shall have the vehicle inspected and shall obtain and display on the vehicle or carry within the vehicle, in a manner specified by the Agency, a valid unexpired emission inspection sticker or certificate in the manner specified by the Agency. A person who violates this paragraph (4) is guilty of a petty offense, except that a third or subsequent violation within one year of the first violation is a Class C misdemeanor. The fine imposed for a violation of this paragraph (4) shall be not less than $50 if the violation occurred within 60 days following the date by which a new or renewal emission inspection sticker or certificate was required to be obtained for the vehicle, and not less than $300 if the violation occurred more than 60 days after that date.
        (5) For a $20 fee, to be paid into the Vehicle
    
Inspection Fund, the Agency may inspect:
            (A) A vehicle registered in and subject to the
        
emission inspections requirements of another state.
            (B) A vehicle presented for inspection on a
        
voluntary basis.
        Any fees collected under this paragraph (5) shall
    
not offset Motor Fuel Tax Funds normally appropriated for the program.
        (6) The following vehicles are not subject to
    
inspection:
            (A) Vehicles not subject to registration under
        
Article IV of Chapter 3 of this Code, other than vehicles owned by the federal government.
            (B) Motorcycles, motor driven cycles, and
        
motorized pedalcycles.
            (C) Farm vehicles and implements of husbandry.
            (D) Implements of warfare owned by the State or
        
federal government.
            (E) Antique vehicles, expanded-use antique
        
vehicles, custom vehicles, street rods, and vehicles of model year 1967 or before.
            (F) Vehicles operated exclusively for parade or
        
ceremonial purposes by any veterans, fraternal, or civic organization, organized on a not-for-profit basis.
            (G) Vehicles for which the Secretary of State,
        
under Section 3-117 of this Code, has issued a Junking Certificate.
            (H) Diesel powered vehicles and vehicles that are
        
powered exclusively by electricity.
            (I) Vehicles operated exclusively in organized
        
amateur or professional sporting activities, as defined in Section 3.310 of the Environmental Protection Act.
            (J) Vehicles registered in, subject to, and in
        
compliance with the emission inspection requirements of another state.
            (K) Vehicles participating in an OBD continuous
        
monitoring program operated in accordance with procedures adopted by the Agency.
            (L) Vehicles of model year 1995 or earlier that
        
do not have an expired emissions test sticker or certificate on February 1, 2007.
        The Agency may issue temporary or permanent exemption
    
stickers or certificates for vehicles temporarily or permanently exempt from inspection under this paragraph (6). An exemption sticker or certificate does not need to be displayed.
        (7) According to criteria that the Agency may adopt,
    
a motor vehicle may be exempted from the inspection requirements of this Section by the Agency on the basis of an Agency determination that the vehicle is located and primarily used outside of the affected counties or in other jurisdictions where vehicle emission inspections are not required. The Agency may issue an annual exemption sticker or certificate without inspection for any vehicle exempted from inspection under this paragraph (7).
        (8) Any owner or lessee of a fleet of 15 or more
    
motor vehicles that are subject to inspection under this Section may apply to the Agency for a permit to establish and operate a private official inspection station in accordance with rules adopted by the Agency.
        (9) Pursuant to Title 40, Section 51.371 of the Code
    
of Federal Regulations, the Agency may establish a program of on-road testing of in-use vehicles through the use of remote sensing devices. In any such program, the Agency shall evaluate the emission performance of 0.5% of the subject fleet or 20,000 vehicles, whichever is less. Under no circumstances shall on-road testing include any sort of roadblock or roadside pullover or cause any type of traffic delay. If, during the course of an on-road inspection, a vehicle is found to exceed the on-road emissions standards established for the model year and type of vehicle, the Agency shall send a notice to the vehicle owner. The notice shall document the occurrence and the results of the on-road exceedance. The notice of a second on-road exceedance shall indicate that the vehicle has been reassigned and is subject to an out-of-cycle follow-up inspection at an official inspection station. In no case shall the Agency send a notice of an on-road exceedance to the owner of a vehicle that was found to exceed the on-road emission standards established for the model year and type of vehicle, if the vehicle is registered outside of the affected counties.
    (b) Registration Denial Inspection and Notification.
        (1) No later than January 1, 2008, every motor
    
vehicle that is owned by a resident of an affected county, other than a vehicle that is exempt under paragraph (b)(8) or (b)(9), is subject to inspection under the program.
        The owner of a vehicle subject to inspection shall
    
have the vehicle inspected and obtain proof of compliance from the Agency in order to obtain or renew a vehicle registration for a subject vehicle.
        The Secretary of State shall notify the owner of a
    
vehicle subject to inspection of the requirement to have the vehicle tested at least 30 days prior to the beginning of the month in which the vehicle's registration is due to expire. Notwithstanding the preceding, vehicles with permanent registration plates shall be notified at least 30 days prior to the month corresponding to the date the vehicle was originally registered. This notification shall clearly state the vehicle's test status, based upon the vehicle type, model year and registration address.
        The owner of each vehicle subject to inspection shall
    
have the vehicle inspected and, upon demonstration of compliance, obtain an emissions compliance certificate for the vehicle.
        (2) Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3), (b)(4),
    
and (b)(5), vehicles shall be inspected every 2 years on a schedule that begins in the fourth calendar year after the vehicle model year. Even model year vehicles shall be inspected and comply in order to renew registrations expiring in even calendar years and odd model year vehicles shall be inspected and comply in order to renew registrations expiring in odd calendar years.
        (3) A vehicle shall be inspected and comply at a time
    
outside of its normal 2-year inspection schedule if (i) the vehicle was acquired by a new owner and (ii) the vehicle had not been issued a Compliance Certificate within one year of the date of application for the title or registration, or both, for the vehicle.
        (4) Vehicles with 2-year registrations shall be
    
inspected every 2 years at the time of registration issuance or renewal on a schedule that begins in the fourth year after the vehicle model year.
        (5) Vehicles with permanent vehicle registration
    
plates shall be inspected every 2 years on a schedule that begins in the fourth calendar year after the vehicle model year in the month corresponding to the date the vehicle was originally registered. Even model year vehicles shall be inspected and comply in even calendar years, and odd model year vehicles shall be inspected and comply in odd calendar years.
        (6) The Agency and the Secretary of State shall
    
endeavor to ensure a smooth transition from test scheduling from the provisions of subsection (a) to subsection (b). Passing tests and waivers issued prior to the implementation of this subsection (b) may be utilized to establish compliance for a period of one year from the date of the emissions or waiver inspection.
        (7) For a $20 fee, to be paid into the Vehicle
    
Inspection Fund, the Agency may inspect:
            (A) A vehicle registered in and subject to the
        
emissions inspections requirements of another state.
            (B) A vehicle presented for inspection on a
        
voluntary basis.
        Any fees collected under this paragraph (7) shall not
    
offset Motor Fuel Tax Funds normally appropriated for the program.
        (8) The following vehicles are not subject to
    
inspection:
            (A) Vehicles not subject to registration under
        
Article IV of Chapter 3 of this Code, other than vehicles owned by the federal government.
            (B) Motorcycles, motor driven cycles, and
        
motorized pedalcycles.
            (C) Farm vehicles and implements of husbandry.
            (D) Implements of warfare owned by the State or
        
federal government.
            (E) Antique vehicles, expanded-use antique
        
vehicles, custom vehicles, street rods, and vehicles of model year 1967 or before.
            (F) Vehicles operated exclusively for parade or
        
ceremonial purposes by any veterans, fraternal, or civic organization, organized on a not-for-profit basis.
            (G) Vehicles for which the Secretary of State,
        
under Section 3-117 of this Code, has issued a Junking Certificate.
            (H) Diesel powered vehicles and vehicles that are
        
powered exclusively by electricity.
            (I) Vehicles operated exclusively in organized
        
amateur or professional sporting activities, as defined in Section 3.310 of the Environmental Protection Act.
            (J) Vehicles registered in, subject to, and in
        
compliance with the emission inspection requirements of another state.
            (K) Vehicles participating in an OBD continuous
        
monitoring program operated in accordance with procedures adopted by the Agency.
            (L) Vehicles of model year 1995 or earlier that
        
do not have an expired emissions test sticker or certificate on February 1, 2007.
            (M) Vehicles of model year 2006 or earlier with a
        
manufacturer gross vehicle weight rating between 8,501 and 14,000 pounds.
            (N) Vehicles with a manufacturer gross vehicle
        
weight rating greater than 14,000 pounds.
        The Agency may issue temporary or permanent exemption
    
certificates for vehicles temporarily or permanently exempt from inspection under this paragraph (8). An exemption sticker or certificate does not need to be displayed.
        (9) According to criteria that the Agency may adopt,
    
a motor vehicle may be exempted from the inspection requirements of this Section by the Agency on the basis of an Agency determination that the vehicle is located and primarily used outside of the affected counties and in other jurisdictions where vehicle emissions inspections are not required. The Agency may issue an annual exemption certificate without inspection for any vehicle exempted from inspection under this paragraph (9).
        (10) Any owner or lessee of a fleet of 15 or more
    
motor vehicles that are subject to inspection under this Section may apply to the Agency for a permit to establish and operate a private official inspection station in accordance with rules adopted by the Agency.
        (11) Pursuant to Title 40, Section 51.371 of the Code
    
of Federal Regulations, the Agency may establish a program of on-road testing of in-use vehicles through the use of remote sensing devices. In any such program, the Agency shall evaluate the emission performance of 0.5% of the subject fleet or 20,000 vehicles, whichever is less. Under no circumstances shall on-road testing include any sort of roadblock or roadside pullover or cause any type of traffic delay. If, during the course of an on-road inspection, a vehicle is found to exceed the on-road emissions standards established for the model year and type of vehicle, the Agency shall send a notice to the vehicle owner. The notice shall document the occurrence and the results of the on-road exceedance. The notice of a second on-road exceedance shall indicate that the vehicle has been reassigned and is subject to an out-of-cycle follow-up inspection at an official inspection station. In no case shall the Agency send a notice of an on-road exceedance to the owner of a vehicle that was found to exceed the on-road emissions standards established for the model year and type of vehicle, if the vehicle is registered outside of the affected counties.
(Source: P.A. 97-106, eff. 2-1-12; 97-412, eff. 1-1-12; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)