Illinois Compiled Statutes
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/12-708
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/12-708)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-708)
Operator protective frames on tractor-mower
No tractor unit over 16 engine horsepower designed for mowing or
tractor-mower combination unit over 16 engine horsepower owned or leased
by the Department, a municipal corporation or political subdivision
shall be operated for the purpose of mowing vegetation on highway
right-of-way unless the tractor of such unit is equipped with an
operator protective frame conforming to the specifications prescribed by
the United States Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended,
and with a seat safety belt.
The operator protective frame may be incorporated into a cab which
design shall conform to the specifications established by the United States
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended.
The seat safety belt must meet the requirements provided in Section
12-603 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-435.)
625 ILCS 5/12-709
(625 ILCS 5/12-709)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-709)
Slow-moving vehicle emblem.
(a) Every animal drawn vehicle, farm tractor, implement of husbandry and
special mobile equipment, when operated on a highway must display a
slow-moving vehicle emblem mounted on the rear except as provided in
paragraph (b) of this Section. Special mobile equipment is exempt when
operated within the limits of a construction or maintenance project where
traffic control devices are used in compliance with the applicable
provisions of the manual and specifications adopted under Section 11-301 of
the "Illinois Vehicle Code".
(b) Every vehicle or unit described in paragraph (a) of this Section
when operated in combination on a highway must display a slow-moving
vehicle emblem as follows:
1. Where the towed unit or any load thereon
partially or totally obscures the slow-moving vehicle emblem on the towing unit, the towed unit shall be equipped with a slow-moving vehicle emblem. In such cases the towing unit need not display the emblem.
2. Where the slow-moving vehicle emblem on the towing
unit is not obscured by the towed unit or its load, then either or both may be equipped with the required emblem but it shall be sufficient if either displays it.
3. A registered truck towed behind a farm tractor in
conformity with the provisions of Section 11-1418 of the "Illinois Vehicle Code" must display a slow-moving vehicle emblem in the manner provided in paragraph (c) while being towed on a highway if the emblem on the towing vehicle is partially or totally obscured.
(c) The slow-moving vehicle emblem required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of
this Section must meet or exceed the specifications and mounting
established by the Department. Such specifications and mounting
requirements shall, on and before August 31, 2004, be based on the
specifications adopted by the American
Society of Agricultural Engineers and published by that body as ASAE S
276.2 dated March, 1968 or as ASAE S 276.5. On and after September 1, 2004,
the specifications and mounting requirements shall be based on the
specifications adopted by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and
published by that body as ASAE S 276.5 NOV 97. No advertising or other
shall appear upon
the emblem except that specified by the American Society of Agricultural
Engineers to identify the standard to which the material complies. Each
original package containing a slow-moving vehicle
emblem shall display a notice on the outside of the package stating
that such emblem shall only be used for the purposes stated in subsections
(a) and (b).
(d) A slow-moving vehicle emblem is intended as a safety identification
device and shall not be displayed on any vehicle nor displayed in any
manner other than as described in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of this
Section. A slow-moving vehicle emblem may not be displayed in public view from a highway on an object other than a vehicle or unit described in subsection (a) of this Section or a vehicle required to display a slow-moving vehicle emblem under subsection (e) of Section 11-1426.1 of this Code. A violation of this subsection (d) is a petty offense punishable by
a fine of $75.
(Source: P.A. 97-958, eff. 8-15-12.)
625 ILCS 5/12-710
(625 ILCS 5/12-710)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-710)
Rear fender splash guards.
It is unlawful for any person to operate any vehicle of the second
division, except a truck tractor, to which this Section is applicable upon
any highway of this State unless such vehicle is
equipped with rear fender splash guards of either the contour type or the
flap type which comply with the specifications provided in this Section for
the type of splash guards used on the vehicle, and which are so attached as
to prevent the splashing of mud or water upon the windshield of other motor
(a) Specifications for contour type splash guards. When contour type
rear fender splash guards are used, they shall contour the wheel in such a
manner that the relationship of the inside surface of any such splash guard
to the tread surface of the tire or wheel shall be relatively parallel,
both laterally and across the wheel, at least throughout the top 90 degrees
of the rear 180 degrees of the wheel surface; provided however, on vehicles
which have a clearance of less than 5 inches between the top of the tire or
wheel and that part of the body of the vehicle directly above the tire or
wheel when the vehicle is loaded to maximum legal capacity, the curved
portion of the splash guard need only extend from a point directly behind
the center of the rear axle and to the rear of the wheel surface upwards to
within at least 2 inches of the bottom line of the body when the vehicle is
loaded to maximum legal capacity. There shall be a downward extension of
the curved surface which shall end not more than 12 inches from the ground
when the vehicle is loaded to maximum legal capacity. This downward
extension shall be part of the curved surface or attached directly to such
curved surface, but it need not contour the wheel. Such contour type splash
guards shall be wide enough to cover the full tread width of the tire or
tires being protected and shall be installed not more than 6 inches from
the tread surface of the tire or wheel when the vehicle is loaded to
maximum legal capacity. The splash guard shall have a lip or flange on its
outside edge to minimize side throw and splash. The lip or flange shall
extend toward the center of the wheel, and shall be perpendicular to and
extend not less than 2 inches below the inside or bottom surface line or
plane of the guard. Such contour type splash guards may be constructed of
either a rigid or flexible material, but shall be attached in such a manner
that, regardless of movement either by the splash guards or the vehicle,
the splash guards will retain their general parallel relationship to the
tread surface of the tire or wheel under all ordinary operating conditions.
(b) Specifications for flap type splash guards. When flap type splash
guards are used, they shall be wide enough to cover the full tread width of
the tire or tires being protected; shall be so installed that they extend
from the underside of the vehicle in a vertical plane behind the rear
wheels to within 12 inches of the ground,
when the vehicle is loaded to
maximum legal capacity; shall be so constructed and attached so that when
the vehicle is in forward motion such splash guard will not deviate or move
backward from the vertical plane by an angle of more than 30 degrees
measured from the vertical plane and so that when the forward motion of the
vehicle causes such splash guard to deviate from the vertical plane, the
bottom of such flap type splash guard will not be more than 15 inches from
the ground, when the vehicle is loaded to maximum legal capacity. Such flap
type splash guard may be constructed of either a rigid or flexible
(c) Exemptions. This Section shall not apply to vehicles the
construction or design of which does not require such splash guards, nor to
vehicles in-transit and capable only of using temporary splash guards
prescribed by the Department, nor to pole trailers.
(Source: P.A. 89-117, eff. 7-7-95.)
625 ILCS 5/12-711
(625 ILCS 5/12-711)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-711)
Commencing January 1, 1987, all trucks equipped with self-compactors
or roll-off hoists and roll-on containers for garbage or refuse hauls shall,
before operating on any public or private highway, alley or parking area
of this State, be equipped with an operably working external audible warning
signal device that meets the standard of American National Standards Institute,
SAE J994b, Type A, B or C, which is activated when the vehicle is operated
in reverse or when top-hinged tailgates are open.
(Source: P.A. 84-813.)
625 ILCS 5/12-712
(625 ILCS 5/12-712)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-712)
Construction equipment to display company name.
(a) Construction equipment that is capable of being self propelled or any
construction equipment capable of being towed shall display on the side of the
equipment the name of the company for which it is employed. The name shall be
in letters at least 2 inches tall and one-half inch wide. This Section shall
not apply to any motor vehicle upon which is affixed the insignia required
under Section 18c-4701 of the Illinois Commercial Transportation Law.
(b) Any person convicted of violating this Section shall be guilty of a
petty offense and subject to a fine not to exceed $100.
(Source: P.A. 87-1160; 88-45.)
625 ILCS 5/12-713
(625 ILCS 5/12-713)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-713)
Commercial trucks used by construction contractors or
subcontractors to display company name.
(a) Every second division vehicle operating commercially in this State that
is used by a construction contractor or subcontractor shall display on the side
of the vehicle or its trailer the name of the company for which it is employed.
The name shall be in letters at least 2 inches tall and one-half inch wide.
This Section shall not apply to any motor vehicle upon which is affixed the
insignia required under Section 18c-4701 of the Illinois Commercial
(b) Any person convicted of violating this Section shall be guilty of a
petty offense and subject to a fine of not less than $500.
(Source: P.A. 96-1179, eff. 1-1-11.)
625 ILCS 5/12-714
(625 ILCS 5/12-714)
Possession and use of radar detection devices prohibited.
(a) No person shall operate or be in actual physical control of a
commercial motor vehicle as defined in Section 6-500(6) of this Code while
the motor vehicle is equipped with any instrument designed to detect the
presence of police radar for the purpose of monitoring vehicular speed.
(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this Section, a person operating a
commercial motor vehicle as defined in Section 6-500(6) of this Code, who
possesses within the vehicle a radar detecting device that is contained in
a locked opaque box or similar container, or that is not in the passenger
compartment of the vehicle, and that is not in operation, shall not be in
violation of subsection (a) of this Section.
Any person found guilty of violating this Section shall be guilty of a
petty offense. A minimum fine of $50 shall be imposed for a first offense
and a minimum fine of $100 for a second or subsequent offense.
(c) The radar detection device or mechanism shall be seized by the law
enforcement officer at the time of the violation if the offender has
previously been convicted of violating this Section. This Section shall
not be construed to authorize the permanent forfeiture to the State of any
radar detection device or mechanism. Any such device or mechanism shall be
taken and held for the period when needed as evidence. When no longer
needed for evidence, the defendant may petition the court for the return of
the device or mechanism; provided the defendant shall prove to the court by
a preponderance of the evidence that the device or mechanism will be used
only for a legitimate and lawful purpose.
(d) No commercial motor vehicle, or driver of such vehicle, shall be
stopped or searched by any law enforcement officer solely on the basis of a
violation or suspected violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/12-715
(625 ILCS 5/12-715)
(Source: P.A. 91-248, eff. 1-1-00. Repealed by P.A. 94-594, eff. 1-1-06.)
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. VIII
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. VIII heading)
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL BUSES
625 ILCS 5/12-800
(625 ILCS 5/12-800)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-800)
(Source: P.A. 82-111. Repealed by P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/12-801
(625 ILCS 5/12-801)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-801)
The exterior of each school bus shall be national
school bus glossy yellow except as follows:
The rooftop may be white.
The fenders of school buses manufactured before January 1, 1976, may be
Body trim, rub rails, lettering other than on a stop signal arm and bumpers
on a Type I school bus shall be glossy black.
Lettering on a stop signal arm shall be white on a red background.
Bumpers on a Type II school bus may be glossy black or a bright, light
or colorless finish.
The hood and upper cowl may be lusterless black or lusterless school bus
Grilles on the front, lamp trim and hubcaps may be a bright finish.
The name or emblem of a manufacturer may be colorless or any color.
The exterior paint of any school bus shall match the central value, hue and
chroma set forth in rules promulgated by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 88-415; 89-433, eff. 12-15-95.)
625 ILCS 5/12-802
(625 ILCS 5/12-802)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-802)
(a) Each school bus shall have the sign "SCHOOL
BUS" painted on both the front and rear of the bus as high as practicable
in letters at least 8 inches high.
(b) Each school bus and multifunction school-activity bus (MFSAB) shall have the vehicle
weight and the vehicle maximum passenger capacity recommended by the manufacturer
of the bus, which shall be based upon provision for 13 inches of seating
space for each passenger exclusive of the driver, painted on
the body to the left of the service door in letters at least 2 inches high.
The name of the owner or the entity or both for which the school bus or MFSAB is operated
shall be painted in a contrasting color on both sides, centered
as high as practicable below the window line, in letters at least 4 inches
high. An identification number shall be painted as high as practicable
on both the front and rear of the school bus or MFSAB in letters at least
4 inches high.
(c) Decals may be used instead of painting under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 96-410, eff. 7-1-10
625 ILCS 5/12-803
(625 ILCS 5/12-803)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-803)
(a) Each school bus shall be equipped with a stop signal
arm on the driver's side of the school bus that may be operated either manually
or mechanically. For each school bus manufactured on and after September 1,
1992, the stop signal arm shall be an octagon shaped semaphore that conforms to
49 C.F.R. 571.131, "SCHOOL BUS PEDESTRIAN SAFETY DEVICES", S5.1 through S5.5.
(b) Each school bus manufactured prior to September 1, 1992 shall be
equipped with a stop signal arm that conforms to standards promulgated by the
(Source: P.A. 88-415.)
625 ILCS 5/12-804
(625 ILCS 5/12-804)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-804)
Other vehicles - Color, stop signal arm and
No vehicle other than a school bus
shall be identified with the sign "SCHOOL BUS", shall be equipped with a
stop signal arm, shall be equipped with a strobe lamp or shall be equipped
with a warning lamp system as
described in Section 12-805 of this Act.
No commuter van or bus other than a school bus shall be painted national
school bus glossy yellow or a color
that closely resembles national school bus glossy yellow.
(Source: P.A. 81-509; 81-740; 81-1509.)
625 ILCS 5/12-805
(625 ILCS 5/12-805)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-805)
Special lighting equipment.
Each school bus purchased as a new vehicle after December 31, 1975
shall be equipped with an 8-lamp flashing signal system. Until December
31, 1978, all other school buses shall be equipped with either a 4-lamp
or an 8-lamp flashing signal system. After December 31, 1978, all school
buses shall be equipped with an 8-lamp flashing signal system.
A 4-lamp flashing signal system shall have 2 alternately flashing red
lamps mounted as high and as widely spaced laterally on the same level
as practicable at the front of the school bus and 2 such lamps mounted
in the same manner at the rear.
An 8-lamp flashing signal system shall have, in addition to a 4-lamp
system, 4 alternately flashing amber lamps. Each amber lamp shall be
mounted next to a red lamp and at the same level but closer to the
centerline of the school bus.
Each signal lamp shall be a sealed beam at least 5 1/2 inches in
diameter and shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at 500 feet
in normal sunlight. Both the 4-lamp and 8-lamp system shall be actuated
only by means of a manual switch. There shall be a device for indicating
to the driver that the system is operating properly or is inoperative.
A school bus may also be equipped with alternately flashing head
which may be operated in conjunction with the 8-lamp flashing signal
(Source: P.A. 93-181, eff. 1-1-04.)
625 ILCS 5/12-806
(625 ILCS 5/12-806)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-806)
Identification, stop signal arms and special lighting when
not used as a school bus.
(a) Except as provided in Section 12-806a,
whenever a school bus is operated for the purpose of transporting
passengers other than persons in connection with an activity of the school
or religious organization which owns the school bus or for which the school
bus is operated, the "SCHOOL BUS" signs shall be covered or concealed and
the stop signal arm and flashing signal system shall not be operable
through normal controls.
(b) If a school district, religious organization, vendor of school busses, or school bus company whose main source of income is contracting with a school district or religious organization for the provision of transportation services in connection with the activities of a school district or religious organization, discards through either sale or donation, a school bus to an individual or entity that is not one of the aforementioned entities above, then the recipient of such school bus shall be responsible for immediately removing, covering, or concealing the "SCHOOL BUS" signs and any other insignia or words indicating the vehicle is a school bus, rendering inoperable or removing entirely the stop signal arm and flashing signal system, and painting the school bus a different color from those under Section 12-801 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-277, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/12-806a
(625 ILCS 5/12-806a)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-806a)
Identification, stop signal arms and special lighting on
school buses used in connection with a youth camp, child care
facility, or community based rehabilitation facility.
(a) Subject to the conditions in Subsection (c), a bus which meets any
of the special requirements for school buses in Section 12-801, 12-802,
12-803 and 12-805 of this Code may be used for the purpose of transporting
persons 18 years of age or less in connection with any of the following
(i) any youth camp licensed under the Youth Camp Act;
(ii) any child care facility licensed under the Child
(b) Subject to the conditions in subsection (c), a bus which meets any
of the special requirements for school buses in Sections 12-801, 12-802,
12-803 and 12-805 of this Code may be used for the purpose of transporting
persons recognized as clients of a community based rehabilitation facility
which is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation
Facilities of Tucson, Arizona, and which is under a contractual agreement
with the Department of Human Services.
(c) A bus used for transportation as provided in subsection (a) or (b) shall
either (i) meet all of the special requirements for school buses in Section
12-801, 12-802, 12-803 and 12-805 or (ii) shall have the "SCHOOL BUS" signs
covered or concealed and the stop signal arm and flashing signal system
rendered inoperable through normal means. A bus which meets all of the
special requirements for school buses in Section 12-801, 12-802, 12-803 and
12-805 shall be operated by a person who has a valid and properly
classified driver's license issued by the Secretary of State and who
possesses a valid school bus driver permit or is accompanied and
supervised, for the specific purpose of training prior to routine operation
of a school bus, by a person who has held a valid school bus driver permit
for at least one year. A bus which has had the "SCHOOL BUS" signs covered
or concealed and the stop signal arm and flashing signal system rendered
inoperable through normal means may be operated by a person who has a valid
and properly classified driver's license issued by the Secretary of State.
(Source: P.A. 85-815; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)
625 ILCS 5/12-807
(625 ILCS 5/12-807)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-807)
Seat belt for driver.
Each school bus shall be equipped with a retractable lap belt assembly
for the driver's seat. No school bus shall be operated unless the driver
has properly restrained himself with the lap belt assembly.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244
625 ILCS 5/12-807.1
(625 ILCS 5/12-807.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-807.1)
Seat back height.
No Type I school bus manufactured
after June 30, 1987 shall be sold for use as, or purchased for use as, or
used as a school bus within this State unless such bus is equipped with
passenger seat backs having a seat back height of 28 inches installed by
the original bus body manufacturer.
(Source: P.A. 85-1010.)
625 ILCS 5/12-807.2
(625 ILCS 5/12-807.2)
Crossing control arms.
(a) No Type I or Type II school bus may be operated or used as a school bus
within this State after December 31, 1999 unless that bus is equipped with a
crossing control arm on the front of the bus that conforms to equipment and
installation standards that the Department of Transportation shall
promulgate for purposes of this subsection.
(b) If a Type I or Type II school bus is manufactured after December 31,
1997, that bus shall not be sold for use as, or purchased for the use as, or
used as a school bus within this State unless that bus is equipped with a
crossing control arm that is installed on the front of the bus by the original
bus body manufacturer and that conforms to equipment and installation standards
that the Department shall promulgate for purposes of this subsection.
(c) A crossing control arm meeting standards promulgated by the Department
under this Section shall be designed to swing out from the front of a school
bus when the bus stops and opens its doors while school children enter or exit
the bus, as prescribed in rules promulgated by the State Board of
(d) This Section does not apply to the temporary operation in this State of
a school bus that is legally registered in another state and is displaying
valid registration plates of that state if (i) the bus is not operated in
Illinois on a regular basis, and (ii) the bus is being operated in Illinois in
connection with a cultural, tourist, athletic, or similar activity that is
sponsored by one or more schools located outside of Illinois for the benefit of
their enrolled students who are being transported to or from that activity.
(Source: P.A. 90-108, eff. 7-14-97.)