Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 13 heading)
INSPECTION OF VEHICLES
625 ILCS 5/13-100
(625 ILCS 5/13-100)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-100)
(Source: P.A. 85-1407. Repealed by P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/13-100.1
(625 ILCS 5/13-100.1)
As used in this Chapter, "affected areas"
counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and
and the townships of Aux Sable and Goose Lake in Grundy County and the township
of Oswego in Kendall County.
(Source: P.A. 91-254, eff. 7-1-00.)
625 ILCS 5/13-101
(625 ILCS 5/13-101)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-101)
Submission to safety test; certificate of safety.
promote the safety of the general public, every owner of a second division
vehicle, medical transport vehicle, tow truck, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, motor vehicle used for driver education training, or contract carrier
transporting employees in the course of their employment on a highway of
this State in a vehicle designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers shall,
before operating the vehicle
upon the highways of Illinois, submit it to a "safety test" and secure a
certificate of safety furnished by the Department as set forth in Section
13-109. Each second division motor vehicle that pulls or draws a trailer,
semitrailer or pole trailer, with a gross weight of 10,001 lbs or more or
is registered for a gross weight of 10,001 lbs or more, motor bus,
religious organization bus, school bus, senior citizen transportation vehicle,
and limousine shall be subject to
inspection by the Department and the Department is authorized to
establish rules and regulations for the implementation of such inspections.
The owners of each salvage vehicle shall submit it to a "safety test" and
secure a certificate of safety furnished by the Department prior to its
salvage vehicle inspection pursuant to Section 3-308 of this Code.
In implementing and enforcing the provisions of this Section, the
Department and other authorized State agencies shall do so in a manner
that is not inconsistent with any applicable federal law or regulation so
that no federal funding or support is jeopardized by the enactment or
application of these provisions.
However, none of the provisions of Chapter 13 requiring safety
tests or a certificate of safety shall apply to:
(a) farm tractors, machinery and implements, wagons,
wagon-trailers or like farm vehicles used primarily in agricultural pursuits;
(b) vehicles other than school buses, tow trucks and
medical transport vehicles owned or operated by a municipal corporation or political subdivision having a population of 1,000,000 or more inhabitants and which are subject to safety tests imposed by local ordinance or resolution;
(c) a semitrailer or trailer having a gross weight of
5,000 pounds or less including vehicle weight and maximum load;
(d) recreational vehicles;
(e) vehicles registered as and displaying Illinois
antique vehicle plates and vehicles registered as expanded-use antique vehicles and displaying expanded-use antique vehicle plates;
(f) house trailers equipped and used for living
(g) vehicles registered as and displaying Illinois
permanently mounted equipment plates or similar vehicles eligible therefor but registered as governmental vehicles provided that if said vehicle is reclassified from a permanently mounted equipment plate so as to lose the exemption of not requiring a certificate of safety, such vehicle must be safety tested within 30 days of the reclassification;
(h) vehicles owned or operated by a manufacturer,
dealer or transporter displaying a special plate or plates as described in Chapter 3 of this Code while such vehicle is being delivered from the manufacturing or assembly plant directly to the purchasing dealership or distributor, or being temporarily road driven for quality control testing, or from one dealer or distributor to another, or are being moved by the most direct route from one location to another for the purpose of installing special bodies or equipment, or driven for purposes of demonstration by a prospective buyer with the dealer or his agent present in the cab of the vehicle during the demonstration;
(i) pole trailers and auxiliary axles;
(j) special mobile equipment;
(k) vehicles properly registered in another State
pursuant to law and displaying a valid registration plate, except vehicles of contract carriers transporting employees in the course of their employment on a highway of this State in a vehicle designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers are only exempted to the extent that the safety testing requirements applicable to such vehicles in the state of registration are no less stringent than the safety testing requirements applicable to contract carriers that are lawfully registered in Illinois;
(l) water-well boring apparatuses or rigs;
(m) any vehicle which is owned and operated by the
federal government and externally displays evidence of such ownership; and
(n) second division vehicles registered for a gross
weight of 10,000 pounds or less, except when such second division motor vehicles pull or draw a trailer, semi-trailer or pole trailer having a gross weight of or registered for a gross weight of more than 10,000 pounds; motor buses; religious organization buses; school buses; senior citizen transportation vehicles; medical transport vehicles; tow trucks; and any property carrying vehicles being operated in commerce that are registered for a gross weight of more than 8,000 lbs but less than 10,001 lbs.
The safety test shall include the testing and inspection of
brakes, lights, horns, reflectors, rear vision mirrors, mufflers,
safety chains, windshields and windshield wipers, warning flags and
flares, frame, axle, cab and body, or cab or body, wheels, steering
apparatus, and other safety devices and appliances required by this Code
and such other safety tests as the Department may by rule or regulation
require, for second division vehicles, school buses, medical transport
vehicles, tow trucks, first division vehicles including taxis which are used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, motor vehicles used for driver education training, vehicles designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers
operated by a contract carrier transporting employees in the course of their
on a highway of this State, trailers, and
semitrailers subject to inspection.
For tow trucks, the safety test and inspection shall also include
the inspection of winch mountings, body panels, body
mounts, wheel lift swivel points,
and sling straps, and other tests and inspections the Department by
rule requires for tow trucks.
For driver education vehicles used by public high schools, the vehicle must also be equipped with dual control brakes, a mirror on each side of the vehicle so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear, and a sign visible from the front and the rear identifying the vehicle as a driver education car.
For trucks, truck tractors, trailers, semi-trailers, buses, and first division vehicles including taxis which are used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, the
safety test shall be conducted in accordance with the Minimum Periodic
Inspection Standards promulgated by the Federal Highway Administration of
the U.S. Department of Transportation and contained in Appendix G to
Subchapter B of Chapter III of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
Those standards, as now in effect, are made a part of this Code, in the
same manner as though they were set out in full in this Code.
The passing of the safety test shall not be a bar at any time to
prosecution for operating a second division vehicle, medical
vehicle, motor vehicle used for driver education training, or vehicle designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers operated by a
contract carrier as provided in this Section that is unsafe, as determined by
the standards prescribed in this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-956, eff. 1-1-19
625 ILCS 5/13-101.1
(625 ILCS 5/13-101.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-101.1)
Senior citizen transportation vehicle.
Any vehicle of
12 or more passengers used in the transportation of senior citizens shall
bear placards on both sides indicating it is being used for such purposes.
The placards may be permanently or temporarily affixed to the vehicle.
The size of the letters must be at least 2 inches high and the stroke of
the brush must be at least 1/2 inch wide. Any such vehicle used for such
purposes shall be subject to the inspections provided for vehicles of the
second division and its operation shall be governed according to the requirements
of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 82-957.)
625 ILCS 5/13-102
(625 ILCS 5/13-102)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-102)
Tests and investigations.
The Department shall conduct tests and make investigations to determine
the kind and type of equipment necessary to test the brakes, lights, frame,
wheels, steering apparatus, including camber and caster of the axle, and
toe-in and tracking of the wheels, and all other devices and appliances
referred to in this Act; and shall make public its findings and furnish
upon request a list of the various testing devices approved by it.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244; 78-1297.)
625 ILCS 5/13-102.1
(625 ILCS 5/13-102.1)
Diesel powered vehicle emission inspection report.
1, 2000, the Department of Transportation
conduct an annual study concerned with the results
emission inspections for diesel powered vehicles registered for a gross weight
of more than 16,000 pounds or having a gross vehicle weight rating of more
than 16,000 pounds. The
shall be reported to the General Assembly by June 30, 2001, and every
30 thereafter. The study shall also be sent to the Illinois
Protection Agency for its use in environmental matters.
The study shall include, but not be limited to, the following information:
(a) the number of diesel powered vehicles that were
inspected for emission compliance pursuant to this Chapter 13 during the previous year;
(b) the number of diesel powered vehicles that failed
and passed the emission inspections conducted pursuant to this Chapter 13 during the previous year; and
(c) the number of diesel powered vehicles that failed
the emission inspections conducted pursuant to this Chapter 13 more than once in the previous year.
(Source: P.A. 100-700, eff. 8-3-18.)
625 ILCS 5/13-103
(625 ILCS 5/13-103)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-103)
Official testing stations - Fee - Permit - Bond.
payment of a fee of $10 and the filing of an application
by the proprietor of any vehicle service station or public or private
garage upon forms furnished by the Department, accompanied by proof of
experience, training and ability of the operator of the testing
equipment, together with proof of installation of approved testing
equipment as defined in Section 13-102 and the giving of a bond
conditioned upon faithful observance of this Section and of rules and
regulations issued by the Department in the amount of $1,000 with
security approved by the Department, the Department shall issue a permit
to the proprietor of such vehicle service station or garage to
operate an Official Testing Station. Such permit shall expire 12 months
following its issuance, but may be renewed annually by complying
with the requirements set forth in this Section and upon the payment of a
renewal fee of $10. Proprietors of official testing stations for
which permits have been issued prior to the effective date of this Act
may renew such permits for the renewal fee of $10 on the expiration
of each 12 months following issuance of such permits, by complying with
the requirements set forth in this Section. However, any city, village or
incorporated town shall upon application to the Department and without
payment of any fee or filing of any bond, but upon proof of experience,
training and ability of the operator of the testing equipment, and proof
of the installation of approved testing equipment as defined in Section
13-102, be issued a permit to operate such testing station as an
Official Testing Station under this Act. The permit so
issued shall at all times be displayed in a prominent place in the vehicle
service station, garage or municipal testing station which is licensed as
an Official Testing Station under this Act. No
person or vehicle service station, garage or municipal testing
station shall in any manner claim or represent himself or itself to be
an official testing station unless a permit has been issued to him or it
as provided in this Section.
Any person or municipality who or which has received a permit under
this Section may test his or its own second division
vehicles and issue certificates of safety and conduct emission inspections of
his or its own second division vehicles in accordance with the requirements of
Section 13-109.1 with respect to any such
second division vehicles owned, operated or controlled by him or it.
Each such permit issued by the Department shall state on its face the
location of the official testing station to be operated under the permit and
safety tests shall be made only at such location. However, the
Department may, upon application, authorize a change in the
location of the official testing station and the removal of the testing
equipment to the new location. Upon approval of such application, the
Department shall issue an endorsement which the applicant shall affix to
his permit. Such endorsement constitutes authority for the applicant to
make such change in location and to remove his testing equipment at the
times and to the places stated in the endorsement.
(Source: P.A. 91-254, eff. 7-1-00.)
625 ILCS 5/13-103.1
(625 ILCS 5/13-103.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-103.1)
Annual certification of safety testers - Fee - Renewal.
Only certified safety testers are authorized to perform safety tests and
affix Certificates of Safety to vehicles. The Department shall annually
certify those safety testers who have met its requirements. Safety testers'
certificates shall expire 12 months following the date of issue, but may
be renewed annually by complying with the requirements as established by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 80-606.)
625 ILCS 5/13-103.2
(625 ILCS 5/13-103.2)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-103.2)
Reclassification of nonconforming station.
Department may not change the administrative classification of a
nonconforming official testing station from its present classification to a
less favorable classification upon a change in ownership of the station, if
(1) the nonconforming official testing station has held its present
administrative classification since July 1, 1972, and (2) the station meets
all requirements for its present classification, other than the requirement
of having an exit door in direct line with the safety test equipment and
(3) the station is located in a county with no other class "A" or class
"C" official testing station.
(Source: P.A. 84-1422.)
625 ILCS 5/13-104
(625 ILCS 5/13-104)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-104)
Obtaining or issuing a certificate of safety without proper test-
Suspension or revocation of license.
Any motor vehicle owner, driver or operator who accepts, obtains or
attempts to obtain a certificate of safety without securing a test, or by a
test which is known by him to have been improperly made, shall be guilty of
a petty offense and shall be fined not less than $5.00 nor more than
$100.00 for the first such certificate so accepted or obtained, or
attempted to be obtained; and for the second such certificate obtained or
attempted to be obtained, not less than $25.00 nor more than $200.00; and
for each certificate after the second certificate, obtained or attempted to
be obtained, not less than $100.00 nor more than $300.00. The same
penalties shall apply to official testing station operators who issue
certificates of safety in violation of this Chapter.
When a license is suspended, the suspension shall be for not less than
30 nor more than 180 days. When a license is revoked, the owner of the
station cannot make an application for a new license within the period of
twelve months after the date of the revocation and then, upon his making an
application, the Department of Transportation shall consider this record in
deciding whether or not to grant the license.
(Source: P.A. 78-255.)
625 ILCS 5/13-105
(625 ILCS 5/13-105)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-105)
Inspection of official testing stations.
Employees specifically authorized by the Department so to do shall
inspect all "Official Testing Stations" at frequent intervals. Such
employees shall have access to all records relating to tests and work done
or parts sold as a result of such tests, to ascertain whether or not tests
are properly, fairly and honestly made, and may examine the owner of the
official testing station or any officer or employee thereof under oath.
The Department shall conduct periodic nonscheduled inspection on owners
premises of vehicles owned and operated by licensed "Independent Official
(Source: P.A. 86-447.)
625 ILCS 5/13-106
(625 ILCS 5/13-106)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-106)
Rates and charges by official testing stations-Schedule
to be filed. Every operator of an official testing station shall file with
the Department, in the manner prescribed by the Department, a schedule of
all rates and charges made by him for performing the tests
provided for in
Section 13-101 and Section 13-109.1. Such rate or charge shall include an
amount to reimburse
the operator of the official testing station for the purchase from the
of the certificate of safety required by this chapter, not to exceed that
fee paid to the Department by the operator authorized by this chapter.
Such rates and charges shall be just and reasonable and the Department upon
its own initiative or upon complaint of any person or corporation may require
the testing station operator to appear for a hearing and prove that the
rates so filed are just and reasonable. A "just and reasonable" rate or
charge, for the purposes of this Section, means a rate or charge which is
the same, or nearly the same, as the prevailing rate or charge for the same
or similar tests made in the community where the station is located. No
operator may change this schedule of rates and charges until the proposed
changes are filed with and approved by the Department. No license may be
issued to any official testing station unless the applicant has filed with
the Department a proposed schedule of rates and charges and unless such
rates and charges have been approved by the Department. No operator of
an official testing station shall charge more or less than the rates so
filed with and approved by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 91-254, eff. 7-1-00.)
625 ILCS 5/13-107
(625 ILCS 5/13-107)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-107)
Investigation of complaints against official testing stations.
The Department shall, upon its own motion, or upon charges made in
writing verified under oath, investigate complaints that an official
testing station is willfully falsifying records or tests,
either for the
purpose of selling parts or services not actually required, or for the
purpose of issuing a certificate of safety for a vehicle designed to carry 15
or fewer passengers operated by a contract carrier transporting
employees in the course of their employment on a highway of this State,
or medical transport vehicle
that is not in safe mechanical condition as determined by the standards of
this Chapter in violation of the provisions of this Chapter or of the rules
and regulations issued by the Department.
The Secretary of Transportation, for the purpose of more effectively
carrying out the provisions of Chapter 13, may appoint such a number of
inspectors as he may deem necessary. Such inspectors shall inspect and
investigate applicants for official testing station permits and investigate
and report violations. With respect to enforcement of the
provisions of this Chapter 13, such inspectors shall have and may exercise
throughout the State all the powers of police officers.
The Secretary must authorize to each inspector and to any other employee of
the Department exercising the powers of a peace officer a distinct badge that,
on its face, (i) clearly states that the badge is authorized by the Department
and (ii) contains a unique identifying number. No other badge shall be
authorized by the Department.
Nothing in this Section prohibits the Secretary from issuing shields or other
distinctive identification to employees not exercising the powers of a peace
officer if the Secretary determines that a shield or distinctive identification
is needed by the employee to carry out his or her responsibilities.
(Source: P.A. 92-108, eff. 1-1-02; 93-423, eff. 8-5-03.)
625 ILCS 5/13-108
(625 ILCS 5/13-108)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-108)
Hearing on complaint against official testing station-Suspension or
revocation of permit.
If it appears to the Department, either through its own investigation or
upon charges verified under oath, that any of the provisions of this
Chapter or the rules and regulations of the Department, are being violated,
the Department, shall after notice to the person, firm or corporation
charged with such violation, conduct a hearing. At least 10 days prior to
the date of such hearing the Department shall cause to be served upon the
person, firm or corporation charged with such violation, a copy of such
charge or charges by registered mail or by the personal service thereof,
together with a notice specifying the time and place of such hearing. At
the time and place specified in such notice the person, firm or corporation
charged with such violation shall be given an opportunity to appear in
person or by counsel and to be heard by the Secretary of Transportation or
an officer or employee of the Department designated in writing by him to
conduct such hearing. If it appears from the hearing that such person, firm
or corporation is guilty of the charge preferred against him or it, the
Secretary of Transportation may order the permit suspended or revoked, and
the bond forfeited. Any such revocation or suspension shall not be a bar to
subsequent arrest and prosecution for violation of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 78-255.)
625 ILCS 5/13-109
(625 ILCS 5/13-109)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 13-109)
Safety test prior to application for
license - Subsequent tests - Repairs - Retest.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in Chapter 13, each second division
vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, and medical transport vehicle, except those vehicles other than
school buses or medical transport vehicles owned or operated by a municipal
corporation or political subdivision having a population of 1,000,000 or
more inhabitants which are subjected to safety tests imposed by local
ordinance or resolution, operated in whole or in part over the highways
of this State, motor vehicle used for driver education training, and each vehicle designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers
operated by a contract carrier transporting employees in the course of
on a highway of this State, shall be subjected to the safety
test provided for in Chapter
13 of this Code. Tests shall be conducted at an official testing station
within 6 months prior to the application for registration as provided
for in this Code. Subsequently each vehicle shall be subject to tests (i) at
least every 6 months, (ii) in the case of school buses and first division vehicles including taxis which are used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, at least every 6
months or 10,000 miles, whichever occurs first, (iii) in the case of driver education vehicles used by public high schools, at least every 12 months for vehicles over 5 model years of age or having an odometer reading of over 75,000 miles, whichever occurs first, or (iv) in the case of truck tractors, semitrailers, and property-carrying vehicles registered for a gross weight of more than 10,000 pounds but less than 26,001 pounds, at least every 12 months, and according to
schedules established by rules and regulations promulgated by the
Department. Any component subject to regular inspection which is
damaged in a reportable accident must be reinspected before the bus or first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit is
returned to service.
(b) The Department shall also conduct periodic nonscheduled inspections
of school buses, of buses registered as charitable vehicles and of
religious organization buses. If such inspection reveals that a vehicle is
not in substantial compliance with the rules promulgated by the Department,
the Department shall remove the Certificate of Safety from the vehicle, and
shall place the vehicle out-of-service. A bright orange, triangular decal
shall be placed on an out-of-service vehicle where the Certificate of
Safety has been removed. The vehicle must pass a safety test at an
official testing station before it is again placed in service.
(c) If the violation is not substantial a bright yellow, triangular
sticker shall be placed next to the Certificate of Safety at the time the
nonscheduled inspection is made. The Department shall reinspect the
vehicle after 3 working days to determine that the violation has been
corrected and remove the yellow, triangular decal. If the violation is not
corrected within 3 working days, the Department shall place the vehicle
out-of-service in accordance with procedures in subsection (b).
(d) If a violation is not substantial and does not directly affect the
safe operation of the vehicle, the Department shall issue a warning notice
requiring correction of the violation. Such correction shall be
accomplished as soon as practicable and a report of the correction shall be
made to the Department within 30 days in a manner established by the
Department. If the Department has not been advised that the corrections
have been made, and the violations still exist, the Department shall place
the vehicle out-of-service in accordance with procedures in subsection
(e) The Department is authorized to promulgate regulations to implement its
program of nonscheduled inspections. Causing or allowing the operation of
an out-of-service vehicle with passengers or unauthorized removal of an
out-of-service sticker is a Class 3 felony. Causing or allowing the
operation of a vehicle with a 3-day sticker for longer than 3 days with the
sticker attached or the unauthorized removal of a 3-day sticker is a Class C
(f) If a second division vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, medical transport vehicle, or
vehicle operated by a contract carrier as provided in subsection (a) of this
Section is in safe
mechanical condition, as determined pursuant to Chapter 13, the operator of
the official testing station must at once issue to the second division
vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, or medical transport vehicle a certificate of safety, in the form
and manner prescribed by the Department, which shall be affixed to the
vehicle by the certified safety tester who performed the safety tests. The
owner of the second division vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, or medical transport vehicle or the
contract carrier shall at
all times display the Certificate of Safety on the second division vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, medical transport vehicle, or vehicle operated by a contract carrier
in the manner prescribed by the Department.
(g) If a test shows that a second division vehicle, first division vehicle including a taxi which is used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit, medical
vehicle, or vehicle operated by a contract carrier is not in safe
mechanical condition as provided in this Section, it
shall not be operated on the highways until it has been repaired and
submitted to a retest at an official testing station. If the owner or
contract carrier submits
the vehicle to a retest at
different official testing station from that where it failed to pass the
first test, he or she shall present to the operator of the second station the
report of the original test, and shall notify the Department in writing,
giving the name and address of the original testing station and the defects
which prevented the issuance of a Certificate of Safety, and the name and
address of the second official testing station making the retest.
(Source: P.A. 100-160, eff. 1-1-18; 100-683, eff. 1-1-19