Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-1510
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-1510)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1510)
(a) A person riding a bicycle or moped intending to turn left shall follow a course described in
Section 11-801 or in paragraph (b) of this Section.
(b) A person riding a bicycle or moped intending to turn
left shall approach the
turn as close as practicable to the right curb or edge of the roadway.
After proceeding across the intersecting roadway to the far corner of the
curb or intersection of the roadway edges, the bicyclist or moped driver shall stop, as much as practicable out of the way of
traffic. After stopping the person shall yield to any traffic proceeding
in either direction along the roadway such person had been using. After
yielding, the bicycle or moped driver
shall comply with any official
traffic control device or police officer regulating traffic on the highway
along which he intends to proceed, and the bicyclist or moped
driver may proceed in the new direction.
(c) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, the Department
and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may cause official
traffic-control devices to be placed and thereby require and direct that
a specific course be traveled by turning bicycles and moped,
and when such devices are so placed, no person shall turn a bicycle or
moped other than as directed and required by such devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1511
(625 ILCS 5/11-1511)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1511)
Turn and stop signals.
(a) Except as provided in this Section,
a person riding a bicycle shall comply with Section 11-804.
(b) A signal of intention to turn right or left when required shall be
given during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the bicycle before
turning, and shall be given while the bicycle is stopped waiting to turn.
A signal by hand and arm need not be given continuously if the hand is needed
in the control or operation of the bicycle.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1512
(625 ILCS 5/11-1512)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1512)
Bicycles on sidewalks.
(a) A person propelling a bicycle
upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk,
shall yield the right of way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal
before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
(b) A person shall not ride a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk, or across
a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, where such use of bicycles is prohibited
by official traffic-control devices.
(c) A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk, or across
a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, shall have all the rights and duties
applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1513
(625 ILCS 5/11-1513)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1513)
(a) A person may park a bicycle on
a sidewalk unless prohibited or restricted by an official traffic-control device.
(b) A bicycle parked on a sidewalk shall not impede the normal and reasonable
movement of pedestrian or other traffic.
(c) A bicycle may be parked on the roadway at any angle to the curb or
edge of the roadway at any location where parking is allowed.
(d) A bicycle may be parked on the roadway abreast of another bicycle
or bicycles near the side of the roadway at any location where parking is allowed.
(e) A person shall not park a bicycle on a roadway in such a manner as
to obstruct the movement of a legally parked motor vehicle.
(f) In all other respects, bicycles parked anywhere on a highway shall
conform with the provisions of this Code regulating the parking of vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1514
(625 ILCS 5/11-1514)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1514)
(a) Bicycle racing on a highway shall
not be unlawful when a racing event has been approved by State or local
authorities on any highway under their respective jurisdictions. Approval
of bicycle highway racing events shall be granted only under conditions
which assure reasonable safety for all race participants, spectators and
other highways users, and which prevent unreasonable interference with traffic
flow which would seriously inconvenience other highway users.
(b) By agreement with the approving authority, participants in an approved
bicycle highway racing event may be exempted from compliance with any traffic
laws otherwise applicable thereto, provided that traffic control is adequate
to assure the safety of all highway users.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1515
(625 ILCS 5/11-1515)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1515)
No person, firm, or corporation shall operate a
commercial bicycle messenger service in a city with a population of more
than 2,000,000 unless the bicycles used are covered by a liability
insurance policy at the expense of the person, firm, or corporation. The
insurance policy shall be issued in amounts no less than the minimum
amounts set for bodily injury or death and for destruction of property
under Section 7-203 of this Code. No insurer other than an insurer
authorized to do business in this State shall issue a policy under this
(Source: P.A. 87-1203.)
625 ILCS 5/11-1516
(625 ILCS 5/11-1516)
Low-speed gas bicycles.
(a) A person may operate a low-speed gas bicycle only if the person is at least 16 years of age.
(b) A person may not operate a low-speed gas bicycle at a speed greater than 20 miles per hour upon any highway, street, or roadway.
(c) A person may not operate a low-speed gas bicycle on a sidewalk.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the provisions of this Article XV that apply to bicycles also apply to low-speed gas bicycles.
(Source: P.A. 100-209, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/11-1517
(625 ILCS 5/11-1517)
Low-speed electric bicycles.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the provisions of this Chapter that apply to bicycles also apply to low-speed electric bicycles.
(b) Each low-speed electric bicycle operating in this State shall comply with equipment and manufacturing requirements adopted by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission under 16 CFR 1512. Each Class 3 low-speed electric bicycle shall be equipped with a speedometer that displays the speed the bicycle is traveling in miles per hour.
(c) Beginning on or after January 1, 2018, every manufacturer and distributor of low-speed electric bicycles shall apply a label that is permanently affixed to the bicycle in a prominent location. The label shall contain, in Arial font in at least 9-point type:
(1) a classification number for the bicycle that
corresponds with a class under Section 1-140.10 of this Code;
(2) the bicycle's top assisted speed; and
(3) the bicycle's motor wattage.
No person shall knowingly tamper or modify the speed capability or engagement of a low-speed electric bicycle without replacing the label required under this subsection (c).
(d) A Class 2 low-speed electric bicycle shall operate in a manner so that the electric motor is disengaged or ceases to function when the brakes are applied. A Class 1 low-speed electric bicycle and a Class 3 low-speed electric bicycle shall operate in a manner so that the electric motor is disengaged or ceases to function when the rider stops pedaling.
(e) A person may operate a low-speed electric bicycle upon any highway, street, or roadway authorized for use by bicycles, including, but not limited to, bicycle lanes.
(f) A person may operate a low-speed electric bicycle upon any bicycle path unless the municipality, county, or local authority with jurisdiction prohibits the use of low-speed electric bicycles or a specific class of low-speed electric bicycles on that path.
(g) A person may not operate a low-speed electric bicycle on a sidewalk.
(h) A person may operate a Class 3 low-speed electric bicycle only if he or she is 16 years of age or older. A person who is less than 16 years of age may ride as a passenger on a Class 3 low-speed electric bicycle that is designed to accommodate passengers.
(Source: P.A. 100-209, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 heading)
EQUIPMENT OF VEHICLES
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. I
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. I heading)
625 ILCS 5/12-100
(625 ILCS 5/12-100)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-100)
(Source: P.A. 83-1473. Repealed by P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)
625 ILCS 5/12-101
(625 ILCS 5/12-101)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-101)
Scope and effect of equipment requirements.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to drive or move or for the owner
to cause or knowingly permit to be driven or moved on any highway any
vehicle or combination of vehicles which is in such unsafe condition as
to endanger any person or property, or which does not contain those
parts or is not at all times equipped with such lamps and other
equipment in proper condition and adjustment as required in this
Chapter 12, or which is equipped in any manner in violation of this
Code, or for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform
any act required under this Chapter 12.
(b) The provisions of this Chapter 12 with respect to equipment on
vehicles shall not apply to implements of husbandry, road machinery,
road rollers, or farm tractors or to farm-wagon type trailers having a
fertilizer spreader attachment permanently mounted thereon, having a
gross weight of not to exceed 36,000 pounds and used only for the
transportation of bulk fertilizer or to farm-wagon type tank trailers of
not to exceed 2,000 gallons capacity, used during the liquid fertilizer
season as field-storage "nurse tanks" supplying the fertilizer to a
field applicator and moved on highways only for bringing the fertilizer
from a local source of supply to farm or field or from one farm or field
(Source: P.A. 82-523.)
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. II
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 12 Art. II heading)
LIGHTS AND LAMPS
625 ILCS 5/12-201
(625 ILCS 5/12-201)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-201)
When lighted lamps are required.
(a) When operated upon any highway in this State, every motorcycle shall at
all times exhibit at least one lighted lamp, showing a white light visible
for at least 500 feet in the
direction the motorcycle is proceeding. However, in lieu of such lighted
lamp, a motorcycle may be equipped with and use a means of modulating the
upper beam of the head lamp between high and a lower brightness. No such
head lamp shall be modulated, except to otherwise comply with this Code,
during times when lighted lamps are required for other motor vehicles.
(b) All other motor vehicles shall
exhibit at least 2 lighted head lamps, with at least one on each side
of the front of the vehicle, which satisfy United States Department of
Transportation requirements, showing white lights, including that emitted
by high intensity discharge (HID) lamps, or lights of a yellow or amber tint,
during the period from sunset to sunrise, at times when rain, snow, fog, or
other atmospheric conditions require the use of windshield wipers, and at
any other times when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric
conditions, persons and vehicles on the highway are not clearly discernible at
a distance of 1000 feet. Parking lamps may be used in addition to but not in
lieu of such head lamps. Every motor vehicle, trailer, or semi-trailer shall
also exhibit at least 2 lighted lamps, commonly known as tail lamps, which
shall be mounted on the left rear and right rear of the vehicle so as to throw
a red light visible for at least 500 feet in the reverse direction, except that
a truck tractor or road tractor manufactured before January 1, 1968 and all
motorcycles need be equipped with only one such tail lamp.
(c) Either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed
and placed as to illuminate with a white light a rear registration plate
when required and render it clearly legible from a distance of 50 feet
to the rear. Any tail lamp or tail lamps, together with any separate
lamp or lamps for illuminating a rear registration plate, shall be so
wired as to be lighted whenever the head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps
(d) A person shall install only head lamps that satisfy United States
Department of Transportation regulations and show white light, including that
emitted by HID lamps, or light of a yellow or amber tint for use by a motor
(Source: P.A. 96-487, eff. 1-1-10.)
625 ILCS 5/12-202
(625 ILCS 5/12-202)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-202)
Clearance, identification and side marker lamps.
(a) Second division vehicles with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds, the length of which
together with any trailer or trailers in tow thereof, is more than 25 feet
or the width of which is more than 80 inches exclusive of mirrors, bumpers
and other required safety devices, while being operated on the highways of
this State during the period from sunset to sunrise, shall display on the
front of the vehicle 2 yellow or amber lights, one on each upper front
corner of the vehicle, which shall be plainly visible at a distance of at
least 500 feet; also on the rear thereof in a horizontal line, 3 red lights
plainly visible at a distance of not less than 500 feet; also on the front
of the body of that vehicle near the lower left hand corner one yellow or
amber tinted reflector, and near the lower right hand corner one yellow or
amber tinted reflector; also red reflectors on the rear of the body of that
vehicle, not more than 12 inches from the lower left and right hand
corners. All motor vehicles of the second division more than 20 feet long,
and all trailers and semitrailers, except trailers and semitrailers having
a gross weight of 3,000 pounds or less including the weight of the trailer
and maximum load, while being operated on the highways of this State during
the period from sunset to sunrise, shall display on each side of the
vehicle at approximately the one-third points of the length of the same, at
a height not exceeding 5 feet above the surface of the road, and reflecting
on a line approximately at right angles to the center line of the vehicle,
2 amber tinted reflectors. After January, 1974, all new motor vehicles of
the second division more than 20 feet long, and all trailers and
semitrailers except trailers and semitrailers having a gross weight of
3,000 pounds or less including the weight of the trailer and maximum load
sold as new in this State, while being operated on the highways of this
State during period from sunset to sunrise, shall display on each side of
the vehicle, not more than 12 inches from the front, one amber tinted
reflector, and not more than 12 inches from the rear one red reflector at a
height not exceeding 5 feet above the surface of the road, and reflecting
on a line approximately at right angles to the center line of the vehicle,
approved by the Department.
(b) Every trailer and semitrailer having a gross weight of 3,000 pounds
or less including the weight of the trailer and maximum load, towed either
by a motor vehicle of the first division or a motor vehicle of the second
division shall be equipped with 2 red reflectors, which will be visible
when hit by headlight beams 300 feet away at night, on the rear of the body
of such trailer, not more than 12 inches from the lower left hand and lower
right hand corners.
(c) Every vehicle designated in paragraph (a) or (b) of this Section
that is manufactured after December 31, 1973, shall, at the places and
times specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of this Section, display reflectors
and clearance, identification, and side marker lamps in conformance with
the specifications prescribed by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 97-201, eff. 1-1-12.)
625 ILCS 5/12-203
(625 ILCS 5/12-203)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-203)
Lamps on parked vehicles.
(a) During the period from sunset to sunrise every motorcycle or motor
vehicle which is standing on any highway shall display a parking light on
the front and at the rear of the same. However, any city, village or
incorporated town may by ordinance, under rules and regulations it may
prescribe, designate any part or parts of any street, or other highway
under their jurisdiction, as parking places in which motorcycles and motor
vehicles may be parked without having their lamps lighted, as otherwise
required by this Section.
(b) Any lighted driving lamps upon a parked vehicle shall be depressed
(Source: P.A. 77-37.)
625 ILCS 5/12-204
(625 ILCS 5/12-204)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-204)
Lamp or flag on projecting load.
Whenever the load upon any vehicle extends to the rear 4 feet, or more
beyond the bed or body of such vehicle there shall be displayed at the
extreme rear end of the load, at the times specified in Section 12-201
hereof, a red light or lantern plainly visible from a distance of at least
500 feet to the sides and rear. The red light or lantern required under
this Section shall be in addition to the red rear light required upon every
vehicle. At any other time there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end
of such load a red flag or cloth not less than 12 inches square.
(Source: P.A. 77-37.)
625 ILCS 5/12-205
(625 ILCS 5/12-205)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-205)
Lamps on other vehicles and equipment.
Every vehicle, including animal drawn vehicles, referred to in paragraph
(b) of Section 12-101, not specifically required by the provisions of this
Article to be equipped with lamps or other lighting devices, shall at all
times specified in Section 12-201 of this Act be equipped with at least 2
lamps on the power or towing unit, displaying a white light visible
from a distance of not less than
1,000 feet to the front of such vehicle and shall also be equipped with 2
lamps each displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less
than 1,000 feet to the rear of such vehicle.
Where the towed unit or any load thereon partially or totally obscures
the 2 lamps displaying red light to the rear of the towing unit, the
rearmost towed unit shall be equipped with 2 lamps displaying red light
visible from a distance of not less than 1,000 feet to the rear of such
towed unit which are positioned in such a manner as to not obstruct the
visibility of the red light to any vehicle operator approaching from the
rear of such vehicle or combination of vehicles.
Where the 2 lamps displaying red light are not obscured by the towed unit
or its load, then either towing unit or towed unit, or both, may be
equipped with the 2 lamps displaying red light as required.
The preceding paragraph does not apply to antique vehicles, expanded-use antique vehicles, custom
vehicles, or street rods. An antique
vehicle or expanded-use antique vehicle shall be equipped with lamps
same type originally installed
by the manufacturer as original equipment and in working order.
(Source: P.A. 97-412, eff. 1-1-12.)
625 ILCS 5/12-205.1
(625 ILCS 5/12-205.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-205.1)
Implements of husbandry or slow-moving vehicles-Display of
Every animal drawn vehicle, farm tractor, implement of husbandry and
special mobile equipment, except when used for road construction or
maintenance within the limits of a construction or maintenance project
where traffic control devices are used in compliance with the applicable
provisions of the manual and specifications adopted under Section 11-301 of
the Illinois Vehicle Code, when operated on a highway during a time when
lighted lamps are required by Section 12-201 of this Chapter, shall display
to the rear at least one flashing amber signal lamp mounted as high as
practicable and of sufficient intensity to be visible for a distance of at
least 500 feet in normal sunlight; provided, that only the rearmost vehicle
of a combination of vehicles coupled together need display such lamp.
The flashing amber signal lamp may be operated lighted during daylight
hours when other lamps are not required to be lighted when vehicles
authorized in this Section are operated on a highway.
Implements of husbandry manufactured on or after January 1, 2003 and operated
on public roads between sunset and sunrise shall display markings and lighting
that meet or exceed the design, performance, and mounting specifications
adopted by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and published by that
body as ASAE S279.11 APR01.
(Source: P.A. 91-505, eff. 1-1-00; 92-820, eff. 8-21-02.)
625 ILCS 5/12-207
(625 ILCS 5/12-207)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 12-207)
Spot lamps and auxiliary driving lamps.
(a) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed one spot lamp
and every lighted spot lamp shall be so aimed and used upon approaching
another vehicle that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam will
be directed to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of the
vehicle nor more than 100 feet ahead of the vehicle.
(b) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed three auxiliary
driving lamps mounted on the front at a height not less than 12 inches nor
more than 42 inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands.
(c) The restrictions of subsections 12-207 (a) and 12-207 (b) of this
Act shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles or equipment used
for snow and ice removal operations if owned or operated by or for any
(d) The minimum and maximum height restrictions prescribed in
subsection (b) of Section 12-207 shall not apply to privately owned motor vehicles on
which a snow plow is mounted, while in transit between or during snow and
ice removal operations. This exemption shall apply only during the period
from November 15 through April 1, and only when the snow plow blade, commonly
referred to as a "moldboard", is properly and securely affixed to the front
of the motor vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 85-1010.)