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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-906

    (625 ILCS 5/11-906) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-906)
    Sec. 11-906. Vehicle entering highway from private road or driveway.
    The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a highway from an alley, building, private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the highway to be entered.
(Source: P.A. 76-1739.)

625 ILCS 5/11-907

    (625 ILCS 5/11-907) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-907)
    Sec. 11-907. Operation of vehicles and streetcars on approach of authorized emergency vehicles.
    (a) Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of audible and visual signals meeting the requirements of this Code or a police vehicle properly and lawfully making use of an audible or visual signal,
        (1) the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the
    
right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to, the right-hand edge or curb of the highway clear of any intersection and shall, if necessary to permit the safe passage of the emergency vehicle, stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, unless otherwise directed by a police officer and
        (2) the operator of every streetcar shall immediately
    
stop such car clear of any intersection and keep it in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
    (b) This Section shall not operate to relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the highway.
    (c) Upon approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, when the authorized emergency vehicle is giving a signal by displaying alternately flashing red, red and white, blue, or red and blue lights or amber or yellow warning lights, a person who drives an approaching vehicle shall:
        (1) proceeding with due caution, yield the
    
right-of-way by making a lane change into a lane not adjacent to that of the authorized emergency vehicle, if possible with due regard to safety and traffic conditions, if on a highway having at least 4 lanes with not less than 2 lanes proceeding in the same direction as the approaching vehicle; or
        (2) proceeding with due caution, reduce the speed of
    
the vehicle, maintaining a safe speed for road conditions, if changing lanes would be impossible or unsafe.
    As used in this subsection (c), "authorized emergency vehicle" includes any vehicle authorized by law to be equipped with oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights under Section 12-215 of this Code, while the owner or operator of the vehicle is engaged in his or her official duties.
    (d) A person who violates subsection (c) of this Section commits a business offense punishable by a fine of not less than $100 or more than $10,000. It is a factor in aggravation if the person committed the offense while in violation of Section 11-501 of this Code. Imposition of the penalties authorized by this subsection (d) for a violation of subsection (c) of this Section that results in the death of another person does not preclude imposition of appropriate additional civil or criminal penalties.
    (e) If a violation of subsection (c) of this Section results in damage to the property of another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for a fixed period of not less than 90 days and not more than one year.
    (f) If a violation of subsection (c) of this Section results in injury to another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for a fixed period of not less than 180 days and not more than 2 years.
    (g) If a violation of subsection (c) of this Section results in the death of another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for 2 years.
    (h) The Secretary of State shall, upon receiving a record of a judgment entered against a person under subsection (c) of this Section:
        (1) suspend the person's driving privileges for the
    
mandatory period; or
        (2) extend the period of an existing suspension by
    
the appropriate mandatory period.
(Source: P.A. 95-884, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-908

    (625 ILCS 5/11-908) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-908)
    Sec. 11-908. Vehicle approaching or entering a highway construction or maintenance area or zone.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way to any authorized vehicle or pedestrian actually engaged in work upon a highway within any highway construction or maintenance area indicated by official traffic-control devices.
    (a-1) Upon entering a construction or maintenance zone when workers are present, a person who drives a vehicle shall:
        (1) proceeding with due caution, make a lane change
    
into a lane not adjacent to that of the workers present, if possible with due regard to safety and traffic conditions, if on a highway having at least 4 lanes with not less than 2 lanes proceeding in the same direction as the approaching vehicle; or
        (2) proceeding with due caution, reduce the speed of
    
the vehicle, maintaining a safe speed for road conditions, if changing lanes would be impossible or unsafe.
    (a-2) A person who violates subsection (a-1) of this Section commits a business offense punishable by a fine of not less than $100 and not more than $10,000. It is a factor in aggravation if the person committed the offense while in violation of Section 11-501 of this Code.
    (a-3) If a violation of subsection (a-1) of this Section results in damage to the property of another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for a fixed period of not less than 90 days and not more than one year.
    (a-4) If a violation of subsection (a-1) of this Section results in injury to another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for a fixed period of not less than 180 days and not more than 2 years.
    (a-5) If a violation of subsection (a-1) of this Section results in the death of another person, in addition to any other penalty imposed, the person's driving privileges shall be suspended for 2 years.
    (a-6) The Secretary of State shall, upon receiving a record of a judgment entered against a person under subsection (a-1) of this Section:
        (1) suspend the person's driving privileges for the
    
mandatory period; or
        (2) extend the period of an existing suspension by
    
the appropriate mandatory period.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way to any authorized vehicle obviously and actually engaged in work upon a highway whenever the vehicle engaged in construction or maintenance work displays flashing lights as provided in Section 12-215 of this Act.
    (c) The driver of a vehicle shall stop if signaled to do so by a flagger or a traffic control signal and remain in such position until signaled to proceed. If a driver of a vehicle fails to stop when signaled to do so by a flagger, the flagger is authorized to report such offense to the State's Attorney or authorized prosecutor. The penalties imposed for a violation of this subsection (c) shall be in addition to any penalties imposed for a violation of subsection (a-1).
(Source: P.A. 92-872, eff. 6-1-03; 93-705, eff. 7-9-04.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. X

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. X heading)
ARTICLE X. PEDESTRIANS' RIGHTS AND DUTIES

625 ILCS 5/11-1001

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1001) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1001)
    Sec. 11-1001. Pedestrian obedience to traffic control devices and traffic regulations.
        (a) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically applicable to him, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
    (b) Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic and pedestrian control signals provided in Sections 11-306 and 11-307 of this Chapter, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the restrictions stated in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 76-1734.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1002

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1002) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1002)
    Sec. 11-1002. Pedestrians' right-of-way at crosswalks.
    (a) When traffic control signals are not in place or not in operation the driver of a vehicle shall stop and yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
    (b) No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a moving vehicle which is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard.
    (c) Paragraph (a) shall not apply under the condition stated in Section 11-1003(b).
    (d) Whenever any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle.
    (e) Whenever stop signs or flashing red signals are in place at an intersection or at a plainly marked crosswalk between intersections, drivers shall yield right-of-way to pedestrians as set forth in Section 11-904 of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 96-1165, eff. 7-22-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1002.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1002.5)
    Sec. 11-1002.5. Pedestrians' right-of-way at crosswalks; school zones.
    (a) For the purpose of this Section, "school" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 11-605.
    On a school day when school children are present and so close thereto that a potential hazard exists because of the close proximity of the motorized traffic and when traffic control signals are not in place or not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall stop and yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
    For the purpose of this Section, a school day shall begin at seven ante meridian and shall conclude at four post meridian.
    This Section shall not be applicable unless appropriate signs are posted in accordance with Section 11-605.
    (b) A first violation of this Section is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $150. A second or subsequent violation of this Section is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $300.
    (c) When a fine for a violation of subsection (a) is $150 or greater, the person who violates subsection (a) shall be charged an additional $50 to be paid to the unit school district where the violation occurred for school safety purposes. If the violation occurred in a dual school district, $25 of the surcharge shall be paid to the elementary school district for school safety purposes and $25 of the surcharge shall be paid to the high school district for school safety purposes. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the entire $50 surcharge shall be paid to the appropriate school district or districts.
    For purposes of this subsection (c), "school safety purposes" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 11-605.
(Source: P.A. 95-302, eff. 1-1-08; 96-1165, eff. 7-22-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1003

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1003) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1003)
    Sec. 11-1003. Crossing at other than crosswalks.
    (a) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
    (b) Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
    (c) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic-control signals are in operation pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
    (d) No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by official traffic-control devices; and, when authorized to cross diagonally, pedestrians shall cross only in accordance with the official traffic-control devices pertaining to such crossing movements.
    (e) Pedestrians with disabilities may cross a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk where the intersection is physically inaccessible to them but they shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 88-685, eff. 1-24-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1003.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1003.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1003.1)
    Sec. 11-1003.1. Drivers to exercise due care. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Code or the provisions of any local ordinance, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian, or any person operating a bicycle or other device propelled by human power and shall give warning by sounding the horn when necessary and shall exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused, incapacitated or intoxicated person.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1004

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1004) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1004)
    Sec. 11-1004. Pedestrian with disabilities; right-of-way. The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian with clearly visible disabilities.
(Source: P.A. 88-685, eff. 1-24-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1004.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1004.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1004.1)
    Sec. 11-1004.1. Motorized wheelchairs. Every person operating a motorized wheelchair upon a sidewalk or roadway shall be granted all the rights and shall be subject to all the duties applicable to a pedestrian.
(Source: P.A. 84-672.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1005

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1005) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1005)
    Sec. 11-1005. Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalks.
    Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1005.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1005.1)
    Sec. 11-1005.1. Electric personal assistive mobility devices. Every person operating an electric personal assistive mobility device upon a sidewalk or roadway has all the rights and is subject to all the duties applicable to a pedestrian. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1006

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1006) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1006)
    Sec. 11-1006. Pedestrians soliciting rides or business.
    (a) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any vehicle.
    (b) No person shall stand on a highway for the purpose of soliciting employment or business from the occupant of any vehicle.
    (c) No person shall stand on a highway for the purpose of soliciting contributions from the occupant of any vehicle except within a municipality when expressly permitted by municipal ordinance. The local municipality, city, village, or other local governmental entity in which the solicitation takes place shall determine by ordinance where and when solicitations may take place based on the safety of the solicitors and the safety of motorists. The decision shall also take into account the orderly flow of traffic and may not allow interference with the operation of official traffic control devices. The soliciting agency shall be:
        1. registered with the Attorney General as a
    
charitable organization as provided by "An Act to regulate solicitation and collection of funds for charitable purposes, providing for violations thereof, and making an appropriation therefor", approved July 26, 1963, as amended;
        2. engaged in a Statewide fund raising activity; and
        3. liable for any injuries to any person or property
    
during the solicitation which is causally related to an act of ordinary negligence of the soliciting agent.
    Any person engaged in the act of solicitation shall be 16 years of age or more and shall be wearing a high visibility vest.
    (d) No person shall stand on or in the proximity of a highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a highway.
    (e) Every person who is convicted of a violation of this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 88-589, eff. 8-14-94.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1007

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1007) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1007)
    Sec. 11-1007. Pedestrians walking on highways.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (e), where a sidewalk is provided and its use is practicable, it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along and upon an adjacent roadway.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (e), where a sidewalk is not available, any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall walk only on a shoulder, as far as practicable from the edge of the roadway.
    (c) Except as provided in subsection (e), where neither a sidewalk nor a shoulder is available, any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside edge of a roadway, and, if on a two-way roadway, shall walk only on the left side of the roadway.
    (d) Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, any pedestrian upon a roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
    (e) In municipalities with a population of under 2,000,000 inhabitants, upon highways where the maximum posted speed limit is 45 miles per hour or less, and during the period from sunrise to sunset, a pedestrian who is 18 years of age or older and wearing in-line speed skates may travel upon the roadway as near as practicable to an outside edge of the roadway. Pedestrians wearing in-line speed skates upon a roadway may not impede or obstruct other vehicular traffic. Pedestrians wearing in-line speed skates shall be subject to all other rights and duties under this Article X. Nothing in this Code shall be construed to prevent a pedestrian wearing in-line speed skates from using a lane designated for bicycles.
(Source: P.A. 97-1023, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1008

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1008) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1008)
    Sec. 11-1008. Right-of-way on sidewalks. The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian on a sidewalk.
(Source: P.A. 79-857.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1009

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1009) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1009)
    Sec. 11-1009. Pedestrians yield to authorized emergency vehicles. Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of an audible signal and visual signals meeting the requirements of Section 12-217 of this Chapter, or of a police vehicle properly and lawfully making use of an audible signal only, every pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to the authorized emergency vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 79-857.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1010

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1010) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1010)
    Sec. 11-1010. Pedestrians under influence of alcohol or drugs. A pedestrian who is under the influence of alcohol or any drug to a degree which renders himself a hazard shall not walk or be upon a highway except on a sidewalk.
(Source: P.A. 79-857.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1011

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1011) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1011)
    Sec. 11-1011. Bridge and railroad signals.
    (a) No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon any bridge or approach thereto beyond the bridge signal, gate, or barrier after a bridge operation signal indication has been given.
    (b) No pedestrian shall pass through, around, over, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing or bridge while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.
    (c) No pedestrian shall enter, remain upon or traverse over a railroad grade crossing or pedestrian walkway crossing a railroad track when an audible bell or clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device is operational giving warning of the presence, approach, passage, or departure of a railroad train or railroad track equipment.
    (d) A violation of any part of this Section is a petty offense for which a $250 fine shall be imposed for a first violation, and a $500 fine shall be imposed for a second or subsequent violation. The court may impose 25 hours of community service in place of the $250 fine for a first violation.
    (e) Local authorities shall impose fines as established in subsection (d) for pedestrians who fail to obey signals indicating the presence, approach, passage, or departure of a train or railroad track equipment.
(Source: P.A. 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XI

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XI heading)
ARTICLE XI. STREET CARS AND SAFETY ZONES

625 ILCS 5/11-1101

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1101)
    Sec. 11-1101. Passing street car on left.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not overtake and pass upon the left nor drive upon the left side of any street car proceeding in the same direction, whether such street car is actually in motion or temporarily at rest, except:
    1. When so directed by a police officer;
    2. When upon a one-way street; or
    3. When upon a street where the tracks are so located as to prevent compliance with the section.
    (b) The driver of any vehicle when permitted to overtake and pass upon the left of a street car which has stopped for the purpose of receiving or discharging any passenger shall reduce speed and may proceed only upon exercising due caution for pedestrians and shall accord pedestrians the right-of-way when required by other Sections of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1102

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1102)
    Sec. 11-1102. Passing street car on right.
    The driver of a vehicle overtaking upon the right any street car stopped or about to stop for the purpose of receiving or discharging any passenger shall stop such vehicle at least ten feet to the rear of the nearest running board or door of such street car and thereupon remain standing until all passengers have boarded such car or upon alighting have reached a place of safety, except that where a safety zone has been established a vehicle need not be brought to a stop before passing any such street car but may proceed past such car at a speed not greater than is reasonable and proper and with due caution for the safety of pedestrians.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1103

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1103)
    Sec. 11-1103. Driving on street car tracks.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle proceeding upon any street car track in front of a street car upon a street shall remove such vehicle from the track as soon as practical after signal from the operator of said street car.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle upon overtaking and passing a street car shall not turn in front of such street car so as to interfere with or impede its movement.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1104

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1104)
    Sec. 11-1104. Driving through safety zone prohibited.
    No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XII

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XII heading)
ARTICLE XII. SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

625 ILCS 5/11-1201

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1201)
    Sec. 11-1201. Obedience to signal indicating approach of train or railroad track equipment.
    (a) Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing where the driver is not always required to stop, the person must exercise due care and caution as the existence of a railroad track across a highway is a warning of danger, and under any of the circumstances stated in this Section, the driver shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and shall not proceed until the tracks are clear and he or she can do so safely. The foregoing requirements shall apply when:
        1. A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal
    
device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train or railroad track equipment;
        2. A crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman
    
gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train or railroad track equipment;
        3. A railroad train or railroad track equipment
    
approaching a highway crossing emits a warning signal and such railroad train or railroad track equipment, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard;
        4. An approaching railroad train or railroad track
    
equipment is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing;
        5. A railroad train or railroad track equipment is
    
approaching so closely that an immediate hazard is created.
    (a-5) Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing where the driver is not always required to stop but must slow down, the person must exercise due care and caution as the existence of a railroad track across a highway is a warning of danger, and under any of the circumstances stated in this Section, the driver shall slow down within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and shall not proceed until he or she checks that the tracks are clear of an approaching train or railroad track equipment.
    (b) No person shall drive any vehicle through, around or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.
    (c) The Department, and local authorities with the approval of the Department, are hereby authorized to designate particularly dangerous highway grade crossings of railroads and to erect stop signs thereat. When such stop signs are erected the driver of any vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad and shall proceed only upon exercising due care.
    (d) At any railroad grade crossing provided with railroad crossbuck signs, without automatic, electric, or mechanical signal devices, crossing gates, or a human flagman giving a signal of the approach or passage of a train or railroad track equipment, the driver of a vehicle shall in obedience to the railroad crossbuck sign, yield the right-of-way and slow down to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions and shall stop, if required for safety, at a clearly marked stopped line, or if no stop line, within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely. If a driver is involved in a collision at a railroad crossing or interferes with the movement of a train or railroad track equipment after driving past the railroad crossbuck sign, the collision or interference is prima facie evidence of the driver's failure to yield right-of-way.
    (d-1) No person shall, while driving a commercial motor vehicle, fail to negotiate a railroad-highway grade railroad crossing because of insufficient undercarriage clearance.
    (d-5) (Blank).
    (e) It is unlawful to violate any part of this Section.
        (1) A violation of this Section is a petty offense
    
for which a fine of $250 shall be imposed for a first violation, and a fine of $500 shall be imposed for a second or subsequent violation. The court may impose 25 hours of community service in place of the $250 fine for the first violation.
        (2) For a second or subsequent violation, the
    
Secretary of State may suspend the driving privileges of the offender for a minimum of 6 months.
    (f) Corporate authorities of municipal corporations regulating operators of vehicles that fail to obey signals indicating the presence, approach, passage, or departure of a train or railroad track equipment shall impose fines as established in subsection (e) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1201.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1201.1)
    Sec. 11-1201.1. Automated Railroad Crossing Enforcement System.
    (a) For the purposes of this Section, an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system is a system in a municipality or county operated by a governmental agency that produces a recorded image of a motor vehicle's violation of a provision of this Code or local ordinance and is designed to obtain a clear recorded image of the vehicle and vehicle's license plate. The recorded image must also display the time, date, and location of the violation.
    As used in this Section, "recorded images" means images recorded by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system on:
        (1) 2 or more photographs;
        (2) 2 or more microphotographs;
        (3) 2 or more electronic images; or
        (4) a video recording showing the motor vehicle and,
    
on at least one image or portion of the recording, clearly identifying the registration plate number of the motor vehicle.
    (b) The Illinois Commerce Commission may, in cooperation with a local law enforcement agency, establish in any county or municipality an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system at any railroad grade crossing equipped with a crossing gate designated by local authorities. Local authorities desiring the establishment of an automated railroad crossing enforcement system must initiate the process by enacting a local ordinance requesting the creation of such a system. After the ordinance has been enacted, and before any additional steps toward the establishment of the system are undertaken, the local authorities and the Commission must agree to a plan for obtaining, from any combination of federal, State, and local funding sources, the moneys required for the purchase and installation of any necessary equipment.
    (b-1) (Blank.)
    (c) For each violation of Section 11-1201 of this Code or a local ordinance recorded by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, the county or municipality having jurisdiction shall issue a written notice of the violation to the registered owner of the vehicle as the alleged violator. The notice shall be delivered to the registered owner of the vehicle, by mail, no later than 90 days after the violation.
    The notice shall include:
        (1) the name and address of the registered owner of
    
the vehicle;
        (2) the registration number of the motor vehicle
    
involved in the violation;
        (3) the violation charged;
        (4) the location where the violation occurred;
        (5) the date and time of the violation;
        (6) a copy of the recorded images;
        (7) the amount of the civil penalty imposed and the
    
date by which the civil penalty should be paid;
        (8) a statement that recorded images are evidence of
    
a violation of a railroad grade crossing;
        (9) a warning that failure to pay the civil penalty
    
or to contest liability in a timely manner is an admission of liability and may result in a suspension of the driving privileges of the registered owner of the vehicle; and
        (10) a statement that the person may elect to proceed
    
by:
            (A) paying the fine; or
            (B) challenging the charge in court, by mail, or
        
by administrative hearing.
    (d) If a person charged with a traffic violation, as a result of an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, does not pay or successfully contest the civil penalty resulting from that violation, the Secretary of State shall suspend the driving privileges of the registered owner of the vehicle under Section 6-306.5 of this Code for failing to pay any fine or penalty due and owing as a result of 5 violations of the automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system.
    (d-1) (Blank.)
    (d-2) (Blank.)
    (e) Based on inspection of recorded images produced by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system, a notice alleging that the violation occurred shall be evidence of the facts contained in the notice and admissible in any proceeding alleging a violation under this Section.
    (e-1) Recorded images made by an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system are confidential and shall be made available only to the alleged violator and governmental and law enforcement agencies for purposes of adjudicating a violation of this Section, for statistical purposes, or for other governmental purposes. Any recorded image evidencing a violation of this Section, however, may be admissible in any proceeding resulting from the issuance of the citation.
    (e-2) The court or hearing officer may consider the following in the defense of a violation:
        (1) that the motor vehicle or registration plates of
    
the motor vehicle were stolen before the violation occurred and not under the control of or in the possession of the owner at the time of the violation;
        (2) that the driver of the motor vehicle received a
    
Uniform Traffic Citation from a police officer at the time of the violation for the same offense;
        (3) any other evidence or issues provided by
    
municipal or county ordinance.
    (e-3) To demonstrate that the motor vehicle or the registration plates were stolen before the violation occurred and were not under the control or possession of the owner at the time of the violation, the owner must submit proof that a report concerning the stolen motor vehicle or registration plates was filed with a law enforcement agency in a timely manner.
    (f) Rail crossings equipped with an automatic railroad grade crossing enforcement system shall be posted with a sign visible to approaching traffic stating that the railroad grade crossing is being monitored, that citations will be issued, and the amount of the fine for violation.
    (g) The compensation paid for an automated railroad grade crossing enforcement system must be based on the value of the equipment or the services provided and may not be based on the number of citations issued or the revenue generated by the system.
    (h) (Blank.)
    (i) If any part or parts of this Section are held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unconstitutional, the unconstitutionality shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this Section. The General Assembly hereby declares that it would have passed the remaining parts of this Section if it had known that the other part or parts of this Section would be declared unconstitutional.
    (j) Penalty. A civil fine of $250 shall be imposed for a first violation of this Section, and a civil fine of $500 shall be imposed for a second or subsequent violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 96-478, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1201.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1201.5)
    Sec. 11-1201.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 94-771, eff. 1-1-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-478, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1202

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1202)
    Sec. 11-1202. Certain vehicles must stop at all railroad grade crossings.
    (a) The driver of any of the following vehicles shall, before crossing a railroad track or tracks at grade, stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail and, while so stopped, shall listen and look for the approach of a train or railroad track equipment and shall not proceed until such movement can be made with safety:
        1. Any second division vehicle carrying passengers
    
for hire;
        2. Any bus that meets all of the special requirements
    
for school buses in Sections 12-801, 12-803, and 12-805 of this Code. The driver of the bus, in addition to complying with all other applicable requirements of this subsection (a), must also (i) turn off all noise producing accessories, including heater blowers, defroster fans, auxiliary fans, and radios, and (ii) open the service door and driver's window, before crossing a railroad track or tracks;
        3. Any other vehicle which is required by Federal or
    
State law to be placarded when carrying as a cargo or part of a cargo hazardous material as defined in the "Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act".
    After stopping as required in this Section, the driver shall proceed only in a gear not requiring a change of gears during the crossing, and the driver shall not shift gears while crossing the track or tracks.
    (b) This Section shall not apply:
        1. At any railroad grade crossing where traffic is
    
controlled by a police officer or flagperson;
        2. At any railroad grade crossing controlled by a
    
functioning traffic-control signal transmitting a green indication which, under law, permits the vehicle to proceed across the railroad tracks without slowing or stopping, except that subsection (a) shall apply to any school bus;
        3. At any streetcar grade crossing within a business
    
or residence district; or
        4. At any abandoned, industrial or spur track
    
railroad grade crossing designated as exempt by the Illinois Commerce Commission and marked with an official sign as authorized in the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.
(Source: P.A. 95-756, eff. 1-1-09; 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1203

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1203) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1203)
    Sec. 11-1203. Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossing.
    (a) No person shall operate or move any crawler-type tractor, power shovel, derrick, roller, or any equipment or structure having a normal operating speed of 10 or less miles per hour, or, for such equipment with 18 feet or less distance between two adjacent axles, having a vertical body or load clearance of less than 9 inches above a level surface, or, for such equipment with more than 18 feet between two adjacent axles, having a vertical body or load clearance of less than 1/2 inch per foot of distance between such adjacent axles above a level surface upon or across any tracks at a railroad grade crossing without first complying with this Section.
    (b) Notice of any such intended crossing shall be given to a superintendent of such railroad and a reasonable time be given to such railroad to provide proper protection at such crossing.
    (c) Before making any such crossing the person operating or moving any such vehicle or equipment shall first stop the same not less than 15 feet nor more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of such railway and while so stopped shall listen and look in both directions along such track for any approaching train or railroad track equipment and for signals indicating the approach of a train or railroad track equipment, and shall not proceed until the crossing can be made safely.
    (d) No such crossing shall be made when warning is given by automatic signal or crossing gates or a flagman or otherwise of the immediate approach of a railroad train, railroad track equipment, or car.
(Source: P.A. 96-1244, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1204

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1204) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1204)
    Sec. 11-1204. Stop and yield signs.
    (a) Preferential right-of-way at an intersection may be indicated by stop signs or yield signs as authorized in Section 11-302 of this Act.
    (b) Except when directed to proceed by a police officer or traffic control signal, every driver of a vehicle and every motorman of a streetcar approaching a stop intersection indicated by a stop sign shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, in the event there is no crosswalk, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, then at the point nearest the intersection roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection.
    (c) The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign if required for safety to stop shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, in the event there is no crosswalk, at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1205

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1205) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1205)
    Sec. 11-1205. Emerging from alley, building, or private road or driveway.
    The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road or driveway within an urban area shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving into the sidewalk area extending across such alley, building entrance, road or driveway, or in the event there is no sidewalk area, shall stop at the point nearest the street to be entered where the driver has a view of approaching traffic thereon, and shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian as may be necessary to avoid collision, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such roadway.
(Source: P.A. 77-1344.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIII

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIII heading)
ARTICLE XIII. STOPPING, STANDING,
AND PARKING

625 ILCS 5/11-1301

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1301)
    Sec. 11-1301. Stopping, standing or parking outside of business or residence district.
    (a) Outside a business or residence district, no person shall stop, park or leave standing any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the roadway when it is practicable to stop, park or so leave such vehicle off the roadway, but in every event an unobstructed width of the highway opposite a standing vehicle shall be left for the free passage of other vehicles and a clear view of such stopped vehicle shall be available from a distance of 200 feet in each direction upon such highway.
    (b) The Department with respect to highways under its jurisdiction or for the maintenance of which it is responsible may place signs prohibiting or restricting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles on any highway where in its opinion such stopping, standing or parking is dangerous to those using the highway or where the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles would unduly interfere with the free movement of traffic thereon. Any such regulations adopted by the Department regarding the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles upon any specific street, streets or highways become effective at the time of the erection of appropriate signs indicating such regulations. Any such signs may be erected either by the Department or by a local authority with the approval of the Department.
    (c) This Section, Section 11-1303 and Section 11-1304 shall not apply to the driver of any vehicle which is disabled in such manner and to such extent that it is impossible to avoid stopping and temporarily leaving the vehicle in such position.
    (d) Any second division vehicle used exclusively for the collection of garbage, refuse, or recyclable material may stop or stand on the road in a business, rural, or residential district for the sole purpose of collecting garbage, refuse, or recyclable material. The vehicle, in addition to having its hazard lights lighted at all times that it is engaged in stopping or standing, shall also use its amber oscillating, rotating, or flashing light or lights as authorized under paragraph 12 of subsection (b) of Section 12-215, if so equipped.
(Source: P.A. 91-869, eff. 1-1-01.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1301.1)
    Sec. 11-1301.1. Persons with disabilities - Parking privileges - Exemptions.
    (a) A motor vehicle bearing registration plates issued to a person with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, pursuant to Section 3-616 or to a disabled veteran pursuant to subsection (a) of Section 3-609 or a special decal or device issued pursuant to Section 3-616 or pursuant to Section 11-1301.2 of this Code or a motor vehicle registered in another jurisdiction, state, district, territory or foreign country upon which is displayed a registration plate, special decal or device issued by the other jurisdiction designating the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities shall be exempt from the payment of parking meter fees until January 1, 2014, and exempt from any statute or ordinance imposing time limitations on parking, except limitations of one-half hour or less, on any street or highway zone, a parking area subject to regulation under subsection (a) of Section 11-209 of this Code, or any parking lot or parking place which are owned, leased or owned and leased by a municipality or a municipal parking utility; and shall be recognized by state and local authorities as a valid license plate or parking device and shall receive the same parking privileges as residents of this State; but, such vehicle shall be subject to the laws which prohibit parking in "no stopping" and "no standing" zones in front of or near fire hydrants, driveways, public building entrances and exits, bus stops and loading areas, and is prohibited from parking where the motor vehicle constitutes a traffic hazard, whereby such motor vehicle shall be moved at the instruction and request of a law enforcement officer to a location designated by the officer.
    (b) Any motor vehicle bearing registration plates or a special decal or device specified in this Section or in Section 3-616 of this Code or such parking device as specifically authorized in Section 11-1301.2 as evidence that the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities or bearing registration plates issued to a disabled veteran under subsection (a) of Section 3-609 may park, in addition to any other lawful place, in any parking place specifically reserved for such vehicles by the posting of an official sign as provided under Section 11-301. Parking privileges granted by this Section are strictly limited to the person to whom the special registration plates, special decal or device were issued and to qualified operators acting under his or her express direction while the person with disabilities is present. A person to whom privileges were granted shall, at the request of a police officer or any other person invested by law with authority to direct, control, or regulate traffic, present an identification card with a picture as verification that the person is the person to whom the special registration plates, special decal or device was issued.
    (c) Such parking privileges granted by this Section are also extended to motor vehicles of not-for-profit organizations used for the transportation of persons with disabilities when such motor vehicles display the decal or device issued pursuant to Section 11-1301.2 of this Code.
    (d) No person shall use any area for the parking of any motor vehicle pursuant to Section 11-1303 of this Code or where an official sign controlling such area expressly prohibits parking at any time or during certain hours.
    (e) Beginning January 1, 2014, a vehicle displaying a decal or device issued under subsection (c-5) of Section 11-1301.2 of this Code shall be exempt from the payment of fees generated by parking in a metered space or in a publicly owned parking area.
(Source: P.A. 97-845, eff. 1-1-13; 97-918, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-577, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1301.2)
    Sec. 11-1301.2. Special decals for parking; persons with disabilities.
    (a) The Secretary of State shall provide for, by administrative rules, the design, size, color, and placement of a person with disabilities motorist decal or device and shall provide for, by administrative rules, the content and form of an application for a person with disabilities motorist decal or device, which shall be used by local authorities in the issuance thereof to a person with temporary disabilities, provided that the decal or device is valid for no more than 90 days, subject to renewal for like periods based upon continued disability, and further provided that the decal or device clearly sets forth the date that the decal or device expires. The application shall include the requirement of an Illinois Identification Card number or a State of Illinois driver's license number. This decal or device may be used by the authorized holder to designate and identify a vehicle not owned or displaying a registration plate as provided in Sections 3-609 and 3-616 of this Act to designate when the vehicle is being used to transport said person or persons with disabilities, and thus is entitled to enjoy all the privileges that would be afforded a person with disabilities licensed vehicle. Person with disabilities decals or devices issued and displayed pursuant to this Section shall be recognized and honored by all local authorities regardless of which local authority issued such decal or device.
    The decal or device shall be issued only upon a showing by adequate documentation that the person for whose benefit the decal or device is to be used has a disability as defined in Section 1-159.1 of this Code and the disability is temporary.
    (b) The local governing authorities shall be responsible for the provision of such decal or device, its issuance and designated placement within the vehicle. The cost of such decal or device shall be at the discretion of such local governing authority.
    (c) The Secretary of State may, pursuant to Section 3-616(c), issue a person with disabilities parking decal or device to a person with disabilities as defined by Section 1-159.1. Any person with disabilities parking decal or device issued by the Secretary of State shall be registered to that person with disabilities in the form to be prescribed by the Secretary of State. The person with disabilities parking decal or device shall not display that person's address. One additional decal or device may be issued to an applicant upon his or her written request and with the approval of the Secretary of State. The written request must include a justification of the need for the additional decal or device.
    (c-5) Beginning January 1, 2014, the Secretary shall provide by administrative rule for the issuance of a separate and distinct parking decal or device for persons with disabilities as defined by Section 1-159.1 of this Code and who meet the qualifications under this subsection. The authorized holder of a decal or device issued under this subsection (c-5) shall be exempt from the payment of fees generated by parking in a metered space, a parking area subject to paragraph (10) of subsection (a) of Section 11-209 of this Code, or a publicly owned parking area.
    The Secretary shall issue a meter-exempt decal or device to a person with disabilities who: (i) has been issued registration plates under subsection (a) of Section 3-609 or Section 3-616 of this Code or a special decal or device under this Section, (ii) holds a valid Illinois driver's license, and (iii) is unable to do one or more of the following:
        (1) manage, manipulate, or insert coins, or obtain
    
tickets or tokens in parking meters or ticket machines in parking lots, due to the lack of fine motor control of both hands;
        (2) reach above his or her head to a height of 42
    
inches from the ground, due to a lack of finger, hand, or upper extremity strength or mobility;
        (3) approach a parking meter due to his or her use of
    
a wheelchair or other device for mobility; or
        (4) walk more than 20 feet due to an orthopedic,
    
neurological, cardiovascular, or lung condition in which the degree of debilitation is so severe that it almost completely impedes the ability to walk.
    The application for a meter-exempt parking decal or device shall contain a statement certified by a licensed physician, physician assistant, or advanced practice nurse attesting to the permanent nature of the applicant's condition and verifying that the applicant meets the physical qualifications specified in this subsection (c-5).
    Notwithstanding the requirements of this subsection (c-5), the Secretary shall issue a meter-exempt decal or device to a person who has been issued registration plates under Section 3-616 of this Code or a special decal or device under this Section, if the applicant is the parent or guardian of a person with disabilities who is under 18 years of age and incapable of driving.
    (d) Replacement decals or devices may be issued for lost, stolen, or destroyed decals upon application and payment of a $10 fee. The replacement fee may be waived for individuals that have claimed and received a grant under the Senior Citizens and Disabled Persons Property Tax Relief Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-689, eff. 6-14-12; 97-845, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-577, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1301.3)
    Sec. 11-1301.3. Unauthorized use of parking places reserved for persons with disabilities.
    (a) It shall be prohibited to park any motor vehicle which is not properly displaying registration plates or decals issued to a person with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, pursuant to Sections 3-616, 11-1301.1 or 11-1301.2, or to a disabled veteran pursuant to Section 3-609 of this Act, as evidence that the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities or disabled veteran, in any parking place, including any private or public offstreet parking facility, specifically reserved, by the posting of an official sign as designated under Section 11-301, for motor vehicles displaying such registration plates. It shall be prohibited to park any motor vehicle in a designated access aisle adjacent to any parking place specifically reserved for persons with disabilities, by the posting of an official sign as designated under Section 11-301, for motor vehicles displaying such registration plates. When using the parking privileges for persons with disabilities, the parking decal or device must be displayed properly in the vehicle where it is clearly visible to law enforcement personnel, either hanging from the rearview mirror or placed on the dashboard of the vehicle in clear view. Disability license plates and parking decals and devices are not transferable from person to person. Proper usage of the disability license plate or parking decal or device requires the authorized holder to be present and enter or exit the vehicle at the time the parking privileges are being used. It is a violation of this Section to park in a space reserved for a person with disabilities if the authorized holder of the disability license plate or parking decal or device does not enter or exit the vehicle at the time the parking privileges are being used. Any motor vehicle properly displaying a disability license plate or a parking decal or device containing the International symbol of access issued to persons with disabilities by any local authority, state, district, territory or foreign country shall be recognized by State and local authorities as a valid license plate or device and receive the same parking privileges as residents of this State.
    (a-1) An individual with a vehicle displaying disability license plates or a parking decal or device issued to a qualified person with a disability under Sections 3-616, 11-1301.1, or 11-1301.2 or to a disabled veteran under Section 3-609 is in violation of this Section if (i) the person using the disability license plate or parking decal or device is not the authorized holder of the disability license plate or parking decal or device or is not transporting the authorized holder of the disability license plate or parking decal or device to or from the parking location and (ii) the person uses the disability license plate or parking decal or device to exercise any privileges granted through the disability license plate or parking decals or devices under this Code.
    (a-2) A driver of a vehicle displaying disability license plates or a parking decal or device issued to a qualified person with a disability under Section 3-616, 11-1301.1, or 11-1301.2 or to a disabled veteran under Section 3-609 is in violation of this Section if (i) the person to whom the disability license plate or parking decal or device was issued is deceased and (ii) the driver uses the disability license plate or parking decal or device to exercise any privileges granted through a disability license plate or parking decal or device under this Code.
    (b) Any person or local authority owning or operating any public or private offstreet parking facility may, after notifying the police or sheriff's department, remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any vehicle parked within a stall or space reserved for use by a person with disabilities which does not display person with disabilities registration plates or a special decal or device as required under this Section.
    (c) Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of subsection (a) shall be fined $250 in addition to any costs or charges connected with the removal or storage of any motor vehicle authorized under this Section; but municipalities by ordinance may impose a fine up to $350 and shall display signs indicating the fine imposed. If the amount of the fine is subsequently changed, the municipality shall change the sign to indicate the current amount of the fine. It shall not be a defense to a charge under this Section that either the sign posted pursuant to this Section or the intended accessible parking place does not comply with the technical requirements of Section 11-301, Department regulations, or local ordinance if a reasonable person would be made aware by the sign or notice on or near the parking place that the place is reserved for a person with disabilities.
    (c-1) Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of subsection (a-1) a first time shall be fined $600. Any person found guilty of violating subsection (a-1) a second or subsequent time shall be fined $1,000. Any person who violates subsection (a-2) is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and shall be fined $2,500. The circuit clerk shall distribute 50% of the fine imposed on any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to violating this Section, including any person placed on court supervision for violating this Section, to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation or made the arrest. If more than one law enforcement agency is responsible for issuing the citation or making the arrest, the 50% of the fine imposed shall be shared equally. If an officer of the Secretary of State Department of Police arrested a person for a violation of this Section, 50% of the fine imposed shall be deposited into the Secretary of State Police Services Fund.
    (d) Local authorities shall impose fines as established in subsections (c) and (c-1) for violations of this Section.
    (e) As used in this Section, "authorized holder" means an individual issued a disability license plate under Section 3-616 of this Code, an individual issued a parking decal or device under Section 11-1301.2 of this Code, or an individual issued a disabled veteran's license plate under Section 3-609 of this Code.
    (f) Any person who commits a violation of subsection (a-1) or a similar provision of a local ordinance may have his or her driving privileges suspended or revoked by the Secretary of State for a period of time determined by the Secretary of State. Any person who commits a violation of subsection (a-2) or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall have his or her driving privileges revoked by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State may also suspend or revoke the disability license plates or parking decal or device for a period of time determined by the Secretary of State.
    (g) Any police officer may seize the parking decal or device from any person who commits a violation of this Section. Any police officer may seize the disability license plate upon authorization from the Secretary of State. Any police officer may request that the Secretary of State revoke the parking decal or device or the disability license plate of any person who commits a violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-844, eff. 1-1-13; 97-845, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.4

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.4) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1301.4)
    Sec. 11-1301.4. Reciprocal agreements with other jurisdictions. The Secretary of State, or his designee, may enter into agreements with other jurisdictions, including foreign jurisdictions, on behalf of this State relating to the extension of parking privileges by such jurisdictions to permanently disabled residents of this State who display a special license plate or parking device that contains the International symbol of access on his or her motor vehicle, and to recognize such plates or devices issued by such other jurisdictions. This State shall grant the same parking privileges which are granted to disabled residents of this State to any non-resident whose motor vehicle is licensed in another state, district, territory or foreign country if such vehicle displays the International symbol of access or a distinguishing insignia on license plates or parking device issued in accordance with the laws of the non-resident's state, district, territory or foreign country.
(Source: P.A. 86-539.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.5)
    Sec. 11-1301.5. Fictitious or unlawfully altered disability license plate or parking decal or device.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Fictitious disability license plate or parking decal or device" means any issued disability license plate or parking decal or device, or any license plate issued to a disabled veteran under Section 3-609 of this Code, that has been issued by the Secretary of State or an authorized unit of local government that was issued based upon false information contained on the required application.
    "False information" means any incorrect or inaccurate information concerning the name, date of birth, social security number, driver's license number, physician certification, or any other information required on the Persons with Disabilities Certification for Plate or Parking Placard, on the Application for Replacement Disability Parking Placard, or on the application for license plates issued to disabled veterans under Section 3-609 of this Code, that falsifies the content of the application.
    "Unlawfully altered disability license plate or parking permit or device" means any disability license plate or parking permit or device, or any license plate issued to a disabled veteran under Section 3-609 of this Code, issued by the Secretary of State or an authorized unit of local government that has been physically altered or changed in such manner that false information appears on the license plate or parking decal or device.
    "Authorized holder" means an individual issued a disability license plate under Section 3-616 of this Code or an individual issued a parking decal or device under Section 11-1301.2 of this Code, or an individual issued a disabled veteran's license plate under Section 3-609 of this Code.
    (b) It is a violation of this Section for any person:
        (1) to knowingly possess any fictitious or unlawfully
    
altered disability license plate or parking decal or device;
        (2) to knowingly issue or assist in the issuance of,
    
by the Secretary of State or unit of local government, any fictitious disability license plate or parking decal or device;
        (3) to knowingly alter any disability license plate
    
or parking decal or device;
        (4) to knowingly manufacture, possess, transfer, or
    
provide any documentation used in the application process whether real or fictitious, for the purpose of obtaining a fictitious disability license plate or parking decal or device;
        (5) to knowingly provide any false information to the
    
Secretary of State or a unit of local government in order to obtain a disability license plate or parking decal or device;
        (6) to knowingly transfer a disability license plate
    
or parking decal or device for the purpose of exercising the privileges granted to an authorized holder of a disability license plate or parking decal or device under this Code in the absence of the authorized holder; or
        (7) who is a physician, physician assistant, or
    
advanced practice nurse to knowingly falsify a certification that a person is a person with disabilities as defined by Section 1-159.1 of this Code.
    (c) Sentence.
        (1) Any person convicted of a violation of paragraph
    
(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), or (7) of subsection (b) of this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and fined not less than $1,000 for a first offense and shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony and fined not less than $2,000 for a second or subsequent offense. Any person convicted of a violation of subdivision (b)(6) of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than $1,000 for a first offense and not less than $2,000 for a second or subsequent offense. The circuit clerk shall distribute one-half of any fine imposed on any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to violating this Section, including any person placed on court supervision for violating this Section, to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation or made the arrest. If more than one law enforcement agency is responsible for issuing the citation or making the arrest, one-half of the fine imposed shall be shared equally.
        (2) Any person who commits a violation of this
    
Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance may have his or her driving privileges suspended or revoked by the Secretary of State for a period of time determined by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State may suspend or revoke the parking decal or device or the disability license plate of any person who commits a violation of this Section.
        (3) Any police officer may seize the parking decal or
    
device from any person who commits a violation of this Section. Any police officer may seize the disability license plate upon authorization from the Secretary of State. Any police officer may request that the Secretary of State revoke the parking decal or device or the disability license plate of any person who commits a violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-844, eff. 1-1-13; 97-845, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.6

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.6)
    Sec. 11-1301.6. Fraudulent disability license plate or parking decal or device.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Fraudulent disability license plate or parking decal or device" means any disability license plate or parking decal or device that purports to be an official disability license plate or parking decal or device and that has not been issued by the Secretary of State or an authorized unit of local government.
    "Disability license plate or parking decal or device-making implement" means any implement specially designed or primarily used in the manufacture, assembly, or authentication of a disability license plate or parking decal or device, or a license plate issued to a disabled veteran under Section 3-609 of this Code, issued by the Secretary of State or a unit of local government.
    (b) It is a violation of this Section for any person:
         (1) to knowingly possess any fraudulent disability
    
license plate or parking decal;
         (2) to knowingly possess without authority any
    
disability license plate or parking decal or device-making implement;
         (3) to knowingly duplicate, manufacture, sell, or
    
transfer any fraudulent or stolen disability license plate or parking decal or device;
         (4) to knowingly assist in the duplication,
    
manufacturing, selling, or transferring of any fraudulent, stolen, or reported lost or damaged disability license plate or parking decal or device; or
         (5) to advertise or distribute a fraudulent
    
disability license plate or parking decal or device.
    (c) Sentence.
         (1) Any person convicted of a violation of this
    
Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and fined not less than $1,000 for a first offense and shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony and fined not less than $2,000 for a second or subsequent offense. The circuit clerk shall distribute half of any fine imposed on any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to violating this Section, including any person placed on court supervision for violating this Section, to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation or made the arrest. If more than one law enforcement agency is responsible for issuing the citation or making the arrest, one-half of the fine imposed shall be shared equally.
         (2) Any person who commits a violation of this
    
Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance may have his or her driving privileges suspended or revoked by the Secretary of State for a period of time determined by the Secretary of State.
         (3) Any police officer may seize the parking decal or
    
device from any person who commits a violation of this Section. Any police officer may seize the disability license plate upon authorization from the Secretary of State. Any police officer may request that the Secretary of State revoke the parking decal or device or the disability license plate of any person who commits a violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 96-79, eff. 1-1-10; 97-844, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.7

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.7)
    Sec. 11-1301.7. Appointed volunteers and contracted entities; disabled person parking violations.
    (a) The chief of police of a municipality and the sheriff of a county authorized to enforce parking laws may appoint volunteers or contract with public or private entities to issue parking violation notices for violations of Section 11-1301.3 or ordinances dealing with parking privileges for persons with disabilities. Volunteers appointed under this Section and any employees of public or private entities that the chief of police or sheriff has contracted with under this Section who are issuing these parking violation notices must be at least 21 years of age. The chief of police or sheriff appointing the volunteers or contracting with public or private entities may establish any other qualifications that he or she deems desirable.
    (b) The chief of police or sheriff appointing volunteers under this Section shall provide training to the volunteers before authorizing them to issue parking violation notices.
    (c) A parking violation notice issued by a volunteer appointed under this Section or by a public or private entity that the chief of police or sheriff has contracted with under this Section shall have the same force and effect as a parking violation notice issued by a police officer for the same offense.
    (d) All funds collected as a result of the payment of the parking violation notices issued under this Section shall go to the municipality or county where the notice is issued.
    (e) An appointed volunteer or private or public entity under contract pursuant to this Section is not liable for his or her or its act or omission in the execution or enforcement of laws or ordinances if acting within the scope of the appointment or contract authorized by this Section, unless the act or omission constitutes willful and wanton conduct.
    (f) Except as otherwise provided by statute, a local government, a chief of police, sheriff, or employee of a police department or sheriff, as such and acting within the scope of his or her employment, is not liable for an injury caused by the act or omission of an appointed volunteer or private or public entity under contract pursuant to this Section. No local government, chief of police, sheriff, or an employee of a local government, police department or sheriff shall be liable for any actions regarding the supervision or direction, or the failure to supervise and direct, an appointed volunteer or private or public entity under contract pursuant to this Section unless the act or omission constitutes willful and wanton conduct.
    (g) An appointed volunteer or private or public entity under contract pursuant to this Section shall assume all liability for and hold the property owner and his agents and employees harmless from any and all claims of action resulting from the work of the appointed volunteer or public or private entity.
(Source: P.A. 90-181, eff. 7-23-97; 90-655, eff. 7-30-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1301.8

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1301.8)
    Sec. 11-1301.8. Obstruction of parking places for persons with disabilities.
    (a) No property owner shall allow any unreasonable obstruction of a designated aisle or parking place specifically reserved for persons with disabilities after 24 hours following the conclusion of an adverse weather event.
    (b) No property owner shall allow the accumulation of debris or large objects, such as trash containers, to unreasonably obstruct any designated aisle or parking place specifically reserved for persons with disabilities without providing suitable and equivalent alternative parking spaces on-site.
    (c) This Section shall apply to both public and private property where any designated aisle or parking place is specifically reserved for persons with disabilities, by the posting of an official sign as designated under Section 11-301 of this Code.
    (d) A person who violates this Section shall be guilty of a petty offense and pay a fine of not more than $250.
(Source: P.A. 96-1125, eff. 1-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1302

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1302) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1302)
    Sec. 11-1302. Officers authorized to remove vehicles.
    (a) Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle in violation of any of the provisions of Section 11-1301 such officer is hereby authorized to move such vehicle, or require the driver or other person in charge of the vehicle to move the same, to a position off the roadway.
    (b) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to a place of safety any unattended vehicle illegally left standing upon any highway, bridge, causeway, or in a tunnel, in such a position or under such circumstances as to obstruct the normal movement of traffic.
    Whenever the Department finds an abandoned or disabled vehicle standing upon the paved or main-traveled part of a highway, which vehicle is or may be expected to interrupt the free flow of traffic on the highway or interfere with the maintenance of the highway, the Department is authorized to move the vehicle to a position off the paved or improved or main-traveled part of the highway.
    (c) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any vehicle found upon a highway when:
        1. report has been made that such vehicle has been
    
stolen or taken without the consent of its owner, or
        2. the person or persons in charge of such vehicle
    
are unable to provide for its custody or removal, or
        3. the person driving or in control of such vehicle
    
is arrested for an alleged offense for which the officer is required by law to take the person arrested before a proper magistrate without unnecessary delay, or
        4. the registration of the vehicle has been
    
suspended, cancelled, or revoked.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1303

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1303) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1303)
    Sec. 11-1303. Stopping, standing or parking prohibited in specified places.
    (a) Except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic, or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or official traffic-control device, no person shall:
        1. Stop, stand or park a vehicle:
            a. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or
        
parked at the edge or curb of a street;
            b. On a sidewalk;
            c. Within an intersection;
            d. On a crosswalk;
            e. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or
        
within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;
            f. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or
        
obstruction when stopping, standing or parking would obstruct traffic;
            g. Upon any bridge or other elevated structure
        
upon a highway or within a highway tunnel;
            h. On any railroad tracks. A violation of any
        
part of this subparagraph h. shall result in a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service.
            i. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
stopping;
            j. On any controlled-access highway;
            k. In the area between roadways of a divided
        
highway, including crossovers;
            l. In a public parking area if the vehicle does
        
not display a current annual registration sticker or current temporary permit pending registration.
        2. Stand or park a vehicle, whether occupied or not,
    
except momentarily to pick up or discharge passengers:
            a. In front of a public or private driveway;
            b. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant;
            c. Within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an
        
intersection;
            d. Within 30 feet upon the approach to any
        
flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway;
            e. Within 20 feet of the driveway entrance to any
        
fire station and on the side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within 75 feet of such entrance (when properly sign-posted);
            f. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
standing.
        3. Park a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except
    
temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers:
            a. Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a
        
railroad crossing;
            b. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
parking.
    (b) No person shall move a vehicle not lawfully under his control into any such prohibited area or away from a curb such distance as is unlawful.
(Source: P.A. 89-245, eff. 1-1-96; 89-658, eff. 1-1-97.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1304

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1304) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1304)
    Sec. 11-1304. Additional parking regulations. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a two-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked with the right-hand wheels parallel to and within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder.
    (b) Except when otherwise provided by local ordinance, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a one-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked parallel to the curb or edge of the roadway, in the direction of authorized traffic movement, with its right-hand wheels within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder, or with its left-hand wheels within 12 inches of the left-hand curb or as close as practicable to the left edge of the left-hand shoulder.
    (c) Local authorities may permit angle parking on any roadway, except that angle parking shall not be permitted on any federal-aid or State highway unless the Department has determined that the roadway is of sufficient width to permit angle parking without interfering with the free movement of traffic.
    (d) The Department with respect to highways under its jurisdiction may place signs prohibiting, limiting, or restricting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles on any highway where in its opinion such stopping, standing or parking is dangerous to those using the highway or where the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles would unduly interfere with the free movement of traffic thereon. No person shall stop, stand or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions indicated by such devices.
(Source: P.A. 79-801; 79-1069; 79-1454.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1304.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1304.5)
    Sec. 11-1304.5. Parking of vehicle with expired registration. No person may stop, park, or leave standing upon a public street, highway, or roadway a vehicle upon which is displayed an Illinois registration plate or plates or registration sticker after the termination of the registration period for which the registration plate or plates or registration sticker was issued or after the expiration date set under Section 3-414 or 3-414.1 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 91-487, eff. 1-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1305

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1305) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1305)
    Sec. 11-1305. Lessors of visitor vehicles - Duty upon receiving notice of violation of this Article or local parking regulation. Every person in whose name a vehicle is registered pursuant to law and who leases such vehicle to others, after receiving written notice of a violation of this Article or a parking regulation of a local authority involving such vehicle, shall upon request provide such police officers as have authority of the offense, and the court having jurisdiction thereof, with a written statement of the name and address of the lessee at the time of such offense and the identifying number upon the registration plates and registration sticker or stickers of such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 80-230; 80-911; 80-1185.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1306

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1306) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1306)
    Sec. 11-1306. Parking liability of lessor. No person who is the lessor of a vehicle pursuant to a written lease agreement shall be liable for the violation of any parking or standing regulation of this Act, or of a local authority, involving such vehicle during the period of the lease; provided that upon the request of the appropriate authority received within 120 days after the violation occurred, the lessor provides within 60 days after such receipt the name and address of the lessee. The drivers license number of a lessee may be subsequently individually requested by the appropriate authority if needed for enforcement of the Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-354.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1307

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1307)
    Sec. 11-1307. Centralized parking meter systems.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Centralized parking meter system" means a system of regulating the standing or parking of vehicles that includes 3 or more parking meter zones, and a single parking meter.
    "Parking meter" means a traffic control device which, upon being activated by deposit of currency of the United States, or by electronic or other form of payment, in the amount indicated thereon or otherwise, either: (1) displays a signal showing that parking is allowed from the time of such activation until the expiration of the time fixed for parking in the parking meter zone in which it is located, and upon expiration of such time indicates by sign or signal that the lawful parking period has expired, or (2) issues a ticket or other token, or activates a display device, on which is printed or otherwise indicated the lawful parking period in the parking meter zone in which the parking meter is located, such ticket, other token, or display device, to be displayed in a publicly visible location on the dashboard or inner windshield of a vehicle parked in the parking meter zone, or such ticket to be affixed on the front lamp of a motorcycle or motor scooter parked in the parking meter zone.
    "Parking meter zone" means a certain designated and marked-off section of the public way within the marked boundaries where a vehicle may be temporarily parked and allowed to remain for such period of time as the parking meter attached thereto, or the ticket or other token issued by the parking meter, may indicate.
    (b) If for any reason the parking meter serving a space or, in a centralized parking meter system, serving a parking meter zone is malfunctioning due to the accumulation of ice or snow and it has been reported to the local authorities as malfunctioning prior to a violation for the standing or parking of vehicles being issued, it shall be a valid affirmative defense to such violation until such time as the parking meter is brought back into service.
(Source: P.A. 96-1256, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV heading)
ARTICLE XIV. MISCELLANEOUS LAWS

625 ILCS 5/11-1401

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1401)
    Sec. 11-1401. Unattended motor vehicles. No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition, effectively setting the brake thereon and, when standing upon any perceptible grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069)

625 ILCS 5/11-1402

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1402)
    Sec. 11-1402. Limitations on backing. (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder or roadway of any controlled-access highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403)
    Sec. 11-1403. Riding on motorcycles.
    (a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
    (b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with one leg on each side of the motorcycle.
    (c) No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebar grips higher than the height of the head of the operator when the operator is seated in the normal driving position astride that portion of the seat or saddle occupied by the operator.
    (d) The operator of any motorcycle shall keep at least one hand on a handlebar grip at all times the motorcycle is in motion.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.1)
    Sec. 11-1403.1. Riding on mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a moped shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit 2 persons to ride thereon at the same time, unless the moped is designed to carry 2 persons; any moped designed for 2 persons must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
    (b) The provisions of Article XV shall be applicable to the operation of mopeds, except for those provisions which by their nature can have no application to mopeds.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.2)
    Sec. 11-1403.2. Operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel; aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (a) No person shall operate a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (b) Aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel. A person commits aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel when he or she violates subsection (a) of this Section while committing a violation of subsection (b) of Section 11-601 of this Code. A violation of this subsection is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $100, except a second conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.3)
    Sec. 11-1403.3. Intercom helmets. Any driver of a vehicle defined in Section 1-145.001, 1-147, or 1-148.2 of this Code may use a helmet equipped with an electronic intercom system permitting 2-way vocal communication with drivers of any such vehicles or passengers on such vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1404)
    Sec. 11-1404. Special equipment for persons riding motorcycles, motor driven cycles or mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a motorcycle, motor driven cycle or moped and every passenger thereon shall be protected by glasses, goggles or a transparent shield.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section, glasses, goggles, and transparent shields are defined as follows:
    "Glasses" means ordinary eye pieces such as spectacles or sunglasses worn before the eye, made of shatter-resistant material. Shatter-resistant material, as used in this Section, means material so manufactured, fabricated, or created that it substantially prevents shattering or flying when struck or broken.
    "Goggles" means a device worn before the eyes, the predominant function of which is protecting the eyes without obstructing peripheral vision. Goggles shall provide protection from the front and sides, and may or may not form a complete seal with the face.
    "Transparent shield" means a windshield attached to the front of a motorcycle that extends above the eyes when an operator is seated in the normal, upright riding position, made of shatter-resistant material, or a shatter-resistant protective face shield that covers the wearer's eyes and face at least to a point approximately to the tip of the nose.
    (c) Contact lenses are not acceptable eye protection devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1405

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1405) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1405)
    Sec. 11-1405. Required equipment on motorcycles.
     Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.
(Source: P.A. 84-602.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1406)
    Sec. 11-1406. Obstruction of driver's view or driving mechanism. (a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
    (b) No passenger in a vehicle or streetcar shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle or streetcar.
    (c) No passenger on a school bus may ride or stand in a position as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the side or to the rear, or to interfere with his control of the driving mechanism of the bus.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1407

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1407) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1407)
    Sec. 11-1407. Opening and closing vehicle doors. No person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1408

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1408) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1408)
    Sec. 11-1408. Riding in towed vehicles. No person or persons shall occupy a trailer, semitrailer, farm wagon, or any other vehicle while it is being towed upon a public highway, unless:
        (1) the occupancy of the towed vehicle is necessary
    
to avoid an imminent threat to a person's safety due to extreme weather conditions or another emergency situation;
        (2) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the vehicle is used in connection with a parade, farming-related activity, or similar activity; or
        (3) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the passenger is over the age of 18.
(Source: P.A. 97-17, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1409

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1409) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1409)
    Sec. 11-1409. Driving on mountain highways. The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or on mountain highways shall hold such motor vehicle under control and as near the right-hand edge of the roadway as reasonably possible and, except when driving entirely to the right of the center of the roadway, shall give audible warning with the horn of such motor vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of 200 feet along the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1410

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1410) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1410)
    Sec. 11-1410. Coasting prohibited. (a) The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the gears or transmission of such vehicle in neutral.
    (b) The driver of a truck or bus when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the clutch disengaged.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1411

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1411) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1411)
    Sec. 11-1411. Following fire apparatus prohibited. The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet or stop such vehicle within 500 feet of any fire apparatus stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412)
    Sec. 11-1412. Crossing fire hose.
    No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department when laid down on any street, private road or driveway to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the fire department official in command.
(Source: P.A. 76-1736.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412.1)
    Sec. 11-1412.1. Driving upon sidewalk. No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. This Section does not apply to any vehicle moved exclusively by human power, to any electric personal assistive mobility device, nor to any motorized wheelchair. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2)
    Sec. 11-1412.2. Operating an electric personal assistive mobility device on a public sidewalk. A person may not operate an electric personal assistive mobility device upon a public sidewalk at a speed greater than 8 miles per hour. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1413

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1413) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1413)
    Sec. 11-1413. Depositing material on highway prohibited.
    (a) No person shall throw, spill or deposit upon any highway any bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, or any litter (as defined in Section 3 of the Litter Control Act).
    (b) Any person who violates subsection (a) upon any highway shall immediately remove such material or cause it to be removed.
    (c) Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway shall remove any glass or other debris, except any hazardous substance as defined in Section 3.215 of the Environmental Protection Act, hazardous waste as defined in Section 3.220 of the Environmental Protection Act, and potentially infectious medical waste as defined in Section 3.360 of the Environmental Protection Act, dropped upon the highway from such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 92-574, eff. 6-26-02.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1414

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1414) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1414)
    Sec. 11-1414. Approaching, overtaking, and passing school bus.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle shall stop such vehicle before meeting or overtaking, from either direction, any school bus stopped at any location for the purpose of receiving or discharging pupils. Such stop is required before reaching the school bus when there is in operation on the school bus the visual signals as specified in Sections 12-803 and 12-805 of this Code. The driver of the vehicle shall not proceed until the school bus resumes motion or the driver of the vehicle is signaled by the school bus driver to proceed or the visual signals are no longer actuated.
    (b) The stop signal arm required by Section 12-803 of this Code shall be extended after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils and shall be closed before the school bus is placed in motion again. The stop signal arm shall not be extended at any other time.
    (c) The alternately flashing red signal lamps of an 8-lamp flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this Code shall be actuated after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils and shall be turned off before the school bus is placed in motion again. The red signal lamps shall not be actuated at any other time except as provided in paragraph (d) of this Section.
    (d) The alternately flashing amber signal lamps of an 8-lamp flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this Code shall be actuated continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the school bus before stopping for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils within an urban area and during not less than the last 200 feet traveled by the school bus outside an urban area. The amber signal lamps shall remain actuated until the school bus is stopped. The amber signal lamps shall not be actuated at any other time.
    (d-5) The alternately flashing head lamps permitted by Section 12-805 of this Code may be operated while the alternately flashing red or amber signal lamps required by that Section are actuated.
    (e) The driver of a vehicle upon a highway having 4 or more lanes which permits at least 2 lanes of traffic to travel in opposite directions need not stop such vehicle upon meeting a school bus which is stopped in the opposing roadway; and need not stop such vehicle when driving upon a controlled access highway when passing a school bus traveling in either direction that is stopped in a loading zone adjacent to the surfaced or improved part of the controlled access highway where pedestrians are not permitted to cross.
    (f) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1985, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of one year the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (a) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $150 or, upon a second or subsequent violation, $500. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
    The owner of any vehicle alleged to have violated paragraph (a) of this Section shall, upon appropriate demand by the State's Attorney or other designated person acting in response to a signed complaint, provide a written statement or deposition identifying the operator of the vehicle if such operator was not the owner at the time of the alleged violation. Failure to supply such information shall result in the suspension of the vehicle registration of the vehicle for a period of 3 months. In the event the owner has assigned control for the use of the vehicle to another, the person to whom control was assigned shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph and be subject to the same penalties as herein provided.
(Source: P.A. 95-105, eff. 1-1-08; 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1414.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1414.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1414.1)
    Sec. 11-1414.1. School transportation of students.
    (a) Every student enrolled in grade 12 or below in any entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code must be transported in a school bus or a vehicle described in subdivision (1) or (2) of subsection (b) of Section 1-182 of this Code for any curriculum-related school activity, except a student in any of grades 9 through 12 may be transported in a multi-function school activity bus (MFSAB) as defined in Section 1-148.3a-5 of this Code for any curriculum-related activity except for transportation on regular bus routes from home to school or from school to home, subject to the following conditions:
        (i) A MFSAB may not be used to transport students
    
under this Section unless the driver holds a valid school bus driver permit.
        (ii) The use of a MFSAB under this Section is subject
    
to the requirements of Sections 6-106.11, 6-106.12, 12-707.01, 13-101, and 13-109 of this Code.
    "Curriculum-related school activity" as used in this subsection (a) includes transportation from home to school or from school to home, tripper or shuttle service between school attendance centers, transportation to a vocational or career center or other trade-skill development site or a regional safe school or other school-sponsored alternative learning program, or a trip that is directly related to the regular curriculum of a student for which he or she earns credit.
    (b) Every student enrolled in grade 12 or below in any entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code who is transported in a vehicle that is being operated by or for a public or private primary or secondary school, including any primary or secondary school operated by a religious institution, for an interscholastic, interscholastic-athletic, or school-sponsored, noncurriculum-related activity that (i) does not require student participation as part of the educational services of the entity and (ii) is not associated with the students' regular class-for-credit schedule shall transport students only in a school bus or vehicle described in subsection (b) of Section 1-182 of this Code. This subsection (b) does not apply to any second division vehicle used by an entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code for a parade, homecoming, or a similar noncurriculum-related school activity.
(Source: P.A. 96-410, eff. 7-1-10; 97-896, eff. 8-3-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1415

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1415) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1415)
    Sec. 11-1415. School buses stopping, loading and discharging passengers on one-way roadways on highways having 4 or more lanes. (a) A school bus traveling on a one-way roadway or a highway having 4 or more lanes for vehicular traffic shall stop for the loading or discharging of passengers only on the right side of the highway. If the highway has 4 or more lanes and permits traffic to operate in both directions, the school bus shall load or discharge only those passengers whose residences are located to the right of the highway. The routes of school buses shall be so arranged that no child shall be required to cross a highway of 4 or more lanes to board a school bus or to reach such child's residence after leaving the school bus. A school child in an urban area shall cross a highway only at a crossing for pedestrians, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Section.
    (b) With respect to school children crossing a highway at other than a pedestrian crossing, this Section shall not apply when children are escorted or controlled by competent persons designated by the school authorities or by police officers.
(Source: P.A. 83-905.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1416

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1416) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1416)
    Sec. 11-1416. Obstructing person in highways. No person shall wilfully and unnecessarily hinder, obstruct or delay, or wilfully and unnecessarily attempt to delay, hinder or obstruct any other person in lawfully driving or traveling along or upon any highway within this State or offer for barter or sale merchandise on said highway so as to interfere with the effective movement of traffic.
(Source: P.A. 80-911.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1417

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1417) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1417)
    Sec. 11-1417. Travel regulated.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to drive or cause to be driven a vehicle of any description in or upon any portion of the highway immediately after the same has been dragged and before such portion of the highway shall have partially dried out or frozen; provided, that nothing in this Section shall apply in those instances where it is impossible to drive with safety at one side of said dragged portion of the road, or where a vehicle does not make a rut on such dragged portion of the road, injurious to the work accomplished by use of the road drag or where a vehicle does not make a rut nearer than nine (9) feet from the center of the dragged portion of the road.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1418

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1418) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1418)
    Sec. 11-1418. Farm tractor operation regulated.
    No person shall operate a farm tractor on a highway unless the tractor is being used as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations.
    For the purpose of this Section, use of a farm tractor as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations shall be deemed to include use of the tractor in connection with the transportation of agricultural products and of farm machinery, equipment and supplies as well as transportation of the implement of husbandry from its place of purchase to its place of storage, in connection with the obtaining of repairs of the implement of husbandry, and the towing of a registered truck not more than 8,000 pounds for use as return transportation after the tractor is left at the place of work or repair.
(Source: P.A. 87-1028.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419)
    Sec. 11-1419. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1308. Repealed by P.A. 98-512, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.01)
    Sec. 11-1419.01. Operating without a valid single trip permit. If a single trip permit is required by Section 13a.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate in Illinois without a single trip permit issued by the Department of Revenue or its agents.
    If a commercial motor vehicle is found operating in Illinois without displaying a required valid single trip permit, the operator is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.02)
    Sec. 11-1419.02. Failure to display a valid motor fuel use tax license.
    (a) If required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, every valid motor fuel use tax license, or an authorized reproduction, shall at all times be carried in the cab of the vehicle. The operator shall display the license or reproduction upon demand of a police officer or agent of the Department of Revenue. An operator who fails to display a valid motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Display" means the manual surrender of the motor fuel use tax license into the hands of the demanding officer or agent for inspection.
    "Motor fuel use tax license" means a motor fuel use tax license issued by the Department of Revenue or by any member jurisdiction under the International Fuel Tax Agreement, or a valid 30 day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03)
    Sec. 11-1419.03. Failure to Display Valid External Motor Fuel Use Tax Decals.
    (a) Except as provided in the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State unless there is properly affixed to that commercial vehicle 2 valid external motor use tax decals required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. An operator who operates a commercial motor vehicle without 2 properly displayed valid external motor fuel use tax decals is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. A valid 30-day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit may be displayed instead of decals during the temporary period specified on the permit.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Properly displayed" means 2 motor fuel use tax decals, one placed on each side of the exterior of the cab. In the case of transporters, manufacturers, dealers, or driveaway operations, the decals need not be permanently affixed but may be temporarily displayed in a visible manner on the exterior sides of the cab.
    "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle used, designed, or maintained for the transportation of people or property and either having 2 axles and a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms, or having 3 or more axles regardless of weight, or that is used in combination, when the weight of the combination exceeds 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight except for motor vehicles operated by this State or the United States, recreational vehicles, school buses, and commercial motor vehicles operated solely within this State for which all motor fuel is purchased within this State.
    "Motor carrier" means any person who operates or causes to be operated any commercial motor vehicle on any highway within this State.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04)
    Sec. 11-1419.04. Failure to carry a manifest. Any person who acts as a motor carrier and who fails to carry a manifest as provided in Section 5.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. For each subsequent offense, the person is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 89-399, eff. 8-20-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05)
    Sec. 11-1419.05. A motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State with a revoked motor fuel use tax license. Any person who operates a commercial motor vehicle with a revoked motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. When a commercial motor vehicle is found to be operating in Illinois with a revoked motor fuel use tax license, the vehicle shall be placed out of service and not allowed to operate in Illinois until the motor fuel use tax license is reinstated.
(Source: P.A. 91-173, eff. 1-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1420

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1420) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1420)
    Sec. 11-1420. Funeral processions.
    (a) Funeral processions have the right-of-way at intersections when vehicles comprising such procession have their headlights and hazard lights lighted, subject to the following conditions and exceptions:
        1. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way upon the approach of an authorized emergency vehicle giving an audible or visible signal;
        2. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way when directed to do so by a traffic officer;
        3. The operator of the leading vehicle in a funeral
    
procession shall comply with stop signs and traffic control signals but when the leading vehicle has proceeded across an intersection in accordance with such signal or after stopping as required by the stop sign, all vehicles in such procession may proceed without stopping, regardless of the sign or signal and the leading vehicle and the vehicles in procession shall proceed with due caution.
    (b) The operator of a vehicle not in the funeral procession shall not drive his vehicle in the funeral procession except when authorized to do so by a traffic officer or when such vehicle is an authorized emergency vehicle giving audible or visible signal.
    (c) Operators of vehicles not a part of a funeral procession may not form a procession or convoy and have their headlights or hazard lights or both lighted for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted by this Section to funeral processions.
    (d) The operator of a vehicle not in a funeral procession may overtake and pass the vehicles in such procession if such overtaking and passing can be accomplished without causing a traffic hazard or interfering with such procession.
    (e) The lead vehicle in the funeral procession may be equipped with a flashing amber light which may be used only when such vehicle is used as a lead vehicle in such procession. Vehicles comprising a funeral procession may utilize funeral pennants or flags or windshield stickers or flashing hazard warning signal flashers to identify the individual vehicles in such a procession.
    (f) In the absence of law enforcement traffic control assistance for a funeral procession, a funeral director or his or her designee may direct traffic during a funeral procession.
(Source: P.A. 96-859, eff. 1-12-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1421

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1421) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1421)
    Sec. 11-1421. Conditions for operating ambulances and rescue vehicles.
    (a) No person shall operate an ambulance or rescue vehicle in a manner not conforming to the motor vehicle laws and regulations of this State or of any political subdivision of this State as such laws and regulations apply to motor vehicles in general, unless in compliance with the following conditions:
        1. The person operating the ambulance shall be
    
either responding to a bona fide emergency call or specifically directed by a licensed physician to disregard traffic laws in operating the ambulance during and for the purpose of the specific trip or journey that is involved;
        2. The ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be equipped
    
with a siren producing an audible signal of an intensity of 100 decibels at a distance of 50 feet from the siren, and with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating or flashing red beam directed in part toward the front of the vehicle, and these lamps shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at 500 feet in normal sunlight, and in addition to other lighting requirements, excluding those vehicles operated in counties with a population in excess of 2,000,000, may also operate with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating, or flashing green light;
        3. The aforesaid siren and lamp or lamps shall be in
    
operation at all times when it is reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof during such trip or journey;
        4. Whenever the ambulance or rescue vehicle is
    
operated at a speed in excess of 40 miles per hour, the ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be operated in complete conformance with every other motor vehicle law and regulation of this State and of the political subdivision in which the ambulance or rescue vehicle is operated, relating to the operation of motor vehicles, as such provision applies to motor vehicles in general, except laws and regulations pertaining to compliance with official traffic-control devices or to vehicular operation upon the right half of the roadway; and
        5. The ambulance shall display registration plates
    
identifying the vehicle as an ambulance.
    (b) The foregoing provisions do not relieve the driver of an ambulance or rescue vehicle from the duty of driving with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor do such provisions protect the driver from the consequences resulting from the reckless disregard for the safety of others.
(Source: P.A. 88-517.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1422

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1422) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1422)
    Sec. 11-1422. Illegal operation of an ambulance or rescue vehicle - Penalty. A person who operates an ambulance or rescue vehicle in violation of Section 11-1421 shall be subject to the penalty prescribed by the applicable law, regulation or ordinance of this State or any political subdivision thereof.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1423

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1423) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1423)
    Sec. 11-1423. Passengers boarding or exiting a school bus.
    (a) At all pick-up points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway to board the bus, the school bus driver shall signal the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (b) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway, the school bus driver shall direct the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and shall then signal the passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1424

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1424) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1424)
    Sec. 11-1424. Operation of a religious organization bus.
    (a) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway unless all passengers, except for supervisory personnel, are seated in seats permanently mounted to the vehicle, and the aisle of the bus is kept clean and open.
    (b) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway while carrying more than the manufacturer's rated passenger capacity for such bus, or at a gross weight in excess of the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or gross axle weight rating (GAWR), or in excess of the weight load ratings of the tires on such bus. For buses or tires on which the manufacturer has not shown such ratings, by a label, embossment, molding or equivalent means, the Department shall provide, or assist in obtaining, the necessary ratings and may publish such ratings.
    (c) In loading or unloading passengers, the religious organization bus driver shall stop the bus out of the lane of moving traffic at any bus stop, officially designated as such by government authorities or in a parking lane on the pavement of the highway or on the shoulder off of the highway, if wide enough to permit the safe loading or unloading of passengers. If, however, there is no such bus stop, parking lane or shoulder within 50 feet of the residence or temporary residence of the passenger transported or to be transported by the bus or within 50 feet of the religious facility, the driver may stop the bus on the pavement of the highway after activating unison amber warning lights for not less than 200 feet before the bus is brought to a stop and while passengers are being loaded or unloaded, or if the bus is equipped as a school bus and meets the requirements of Article VIII of this Act, by complying with the subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414.
    (d) At all pickup points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 years to cross the roadway to board the bus, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (e) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 to cross the roadway, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and then, when it is safe to cross the roadway, across the roadway to a place of safety.
    (f) If a school bus is used by a religious organization bus for the purposes specified in subsection (a) of Section 1-111.1a and activates the visual signals as required by subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414 when picking up or discharging passengers, compliance with subsections (d) and (e) of this Section is optional.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1425

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1425) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1425)
    Sec. 11-1425. Stop when traffic obstructed.
    (a) No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto any railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle he is operating without obstructing the passage of other vehicles, pedestrians or railroad trains notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (b) No driver shall enter a highway rail grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the highway rail grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle being operated without obstructing the passage of a train or other railroad equipment using the rails, notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of one month the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Any person given a disposition of court supervision for violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall also be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Upon a second or subsequent violation, in addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, the person shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 and 50 hours community service. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
(Source: P.A. 95-753, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426)
    Sec. 11-1426. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-575, eff. 8-31-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1)
    Sec. 11-1426.1. Operation of non-highway vehicles on streets, roads, and highways.
    (a) As used in this Section, "non-highway vehicle" means a motor vehicle not specifically designed to be used on a public highway, including:
        (1) an all-terrain vehicle, as defined by Section
    
1-101.8 of this Code;
        (2) a golf cart, as defined by Section 1-123.9;
        (3) an off-highway motorcycle, as defined by Section
    
1-153.1; and
        (4) a recreational off-highway vehicle, as defined by
    
Section 1-168.8.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State. If the operation of a non-highway vehicle is authorized under subsection (d), the non-highway vehicle may be operated only on streets where the posted speed limit is 35 miles per hour or less. This subsection (b) does not prohibit a non-highway vehicle from crossing a road or street at an intersection where the road or street has a posted speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
    (b-5) A person may not operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or by a foreign jurisdiction.
    (c) No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State. No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any other highway under the jurisdiction of the State except at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (c-5) (Blank).
    (d) A municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may authorize, by ordinance or resolution, the operation of non-highway vehicles on roadways under its jurisdiction if the unit of local government determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The Department may authorize the operation of non-highway vehicles on the roadways under its jurisdiction if the Department determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The unit of local government or the Department may restrict the types of non-highway vehicles that are authorized to be used on its streets.
    Before permitting the operation of non-highway vehicles on its roadways, a municipality, township, county, other unit of local government, or the Department must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the roadway and determine whether non-highway vehicles may safely travel on or cross the roadway. Upon determining that non-highway vehicles may safely operate on a roadway and the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government, or authorization by the Department, appropriate signs shall be posted.
    If a roadway is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, non-highway vehicles may not be operated on the roadway unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    (e) No non-highway vehicle may be operated on a roadway unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a slow moving emblem (as required of other vehicles in Section 12-709 of this Code) on the rear of the non-highway vehicle, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a roadway, a non-highway vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (f) A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a non-highway vehicle on a roadway while under the influence is subject to Sections 11-500 through 11-502 of this Code.
    (g) Any person who operates a non-highway vehicle on a street, highway, or roadway shall be subject to the mandatory insurance requirements under Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (h) It shall not be unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle, as defined in paragraphs (1) and (4) of subsection (a) of this Section, on a county roadway or township roadway for the purpose of conducting farming operations to and from the home, farm, farm buildings, and any adjacent or nearby farm land.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not be subject to subsections (e) and (g) of this Section. However, if the non-highway vehicle, as used in this Section, is not covered under a motor vehicle insurance policy pursuant to subsection (g) of this Section, the vehicle must be covered under a farm, home, or non-highway vehicle insurance policy issued with coverage amounts no less than the minimum amounts set for bodily injury or death and for destruction of property under Section 7-203 of this Code. Non-highway vehicles operated on a county or township roadway at any time between one-half hour before sunset and one-half hour after sunrise must be equipped with head lamps and tail lamps, and the head lamps and tail lamps must be lighted.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall be allowed to cross a State highway, municipal street, county highway, or road district highway if the operator of the non-highway vehicle makes a direct crossing provided:
        (1) the crossing is made at an angle of approximately
    
90 degrees to the direction of the street, road or highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing;
        (2) the non-highway vehicle is brought to a complete
    
stop before attempting a crossing;
        (3) the operator of the non-highway vehicle yields
    
the right of way to all pedestrian and vehicular traffic which constitutes a hazard; and
        (4) that when crossing a divided highway, the
    
crossing is made only at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (i) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a non-highway vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-144, eff. 7-14-11; 98-567, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2)
    Sec. 11-1426.2. Operation of low-speed vehicles on streets.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is lawful for any person to drive or operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less.
    (b) Low-speed vehicles may cross a street at an intersection where the street being crossed has a posted speed limit of not more than 45 miles per hour. Low-speed vehicles may not cross a street with a speed limit in excess of 45 miles per hour unless the crossing is at an intersection controlled by a traffic light or 4-way stop sign.
    (c) The Department of Transportation or a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may prohibit, by regulation, ordinance, or resolution, the operation of low-speed vehicles on streets under its jurisdiction where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less if the Department of Transportation or unit of local government determines that the public safety would be jeopardized.
    (d) Upon determining that low-speed vehicles may not safely operate on a street, and upon the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a unit of local government, or regulation by the Department of Transportation, the operation of low-speed vehicles may be prohibited. The unit of local government or the Department of Transportation may prohibit the operation of low-speed vehicles on any and all streets under its jurisdiction. Appropriate signs shall be posted in conformance with the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices adopted pursuant to Section 11-301 of this Code.
    (e) If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of local government, or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation and one or more units of local government, low-speed vehicles may be operated on the street unless each unit of local government and the Department of Transportation agree and take action to prohibit such operation as provided in this Section.
    (e-5) A unit of local government may, by ordinance or resolution, authorize the operation of low-speed vehicles on one or more streets under its jurisdiction that have a speed limit of more than 30 miles per hour but not greater than 35 miles per hour.
    Before authorizing the operation of low-speed vehicles on any street under this subsection (e-5), the unit of local government must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the street and determine whether low-speed vehicles may travel safely on that street.
    If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, low-speed vehicles may not be operated on the street under this subsection (e-5) unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    Upon the adoption of an ordinance authorizing low-speed vehicles under this subsection (e-5), appropriate signs shall be posted.
    (f) No low-speed vehicle may be operated on any street unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a street, a low-speed vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (g) A person may not operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or a foreign jurisdiction.
    (h) The operation of a low-speed vehicle upon any street is subject to the provisions of Chapter 11 of this Code concerning the Rules of the Road, and applicable local ordinances.
    (i) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle is subject to the mandatory insurance requirements specified in Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (j) Any person engaged in the retail sale of low-speed vehicles are required to comply with the motor vehicle dealer licensing, registration, and bonding laws of this State, as specified in Sections 5-101 and 5-102 of this Code.
    (k) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a low-speed vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-653, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1434, eff. 8-11-10; 97-144, eff. 7-14-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427)
    Sec. 11-1427. Illegal operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. It is unlawful for any person to drive or operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in the following ways:
    (a) Careless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in a careless or heedless manner so as to be grossly indifferent to the person or property of other persons, or at a rate of speed greater than will permit him in the exercise of reasonable care to bring the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.
    (b) Reckless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
    (c) Within any nature preserve as defined in Section 3.11 of the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act.
    (d) On the tracks or right of way of an operating railroad.
    (e) In any tree nursery or planting in a manner which damages or destroys growing stock, or creates a substantial risk thereto.
    (f) On private property, without the written or verbal consent of the owner or lessee thereof. Any person operating an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon lands of another shall stop and identify himself upon the request of the landowner or his duly authorized representative, and, if requested to do so by the landowner shall promptly remove the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle from the premises.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for use by an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle, or to give warning of any condition, use, structure or activity on such premises. This subsection does not apply where permission to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle is given for a valuable consideration other than to this State, any political subdivision or municipality of this State, or any landowner who is paid with funds from the Off-Highway Vehicle Trails Fund. In the case of land leased to the State or a subdivision of the State, any consideration received is not valuable consideration within the meaning of this Section.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h) On publicly owned lands unless such lands are designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles. For publicly owned lands to be designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles a public hearing shall be conducted by the governmental entity that has jurisdiction over the proposed land prior to the designation.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h-1) At a rate of speed too fast for conditions, and the fact that the speed of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit allowed does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or object within legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
    (h-2) On the frozen surface of public waters of this State within 100 feet of a person, including a skater, not in or upon an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; within 100 feet of a person engaged in fishing, except at the minimum speed required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; on an area which has been cleared of snow for skating purposes unless the area is necessary for access to the frozen waters of this State.
    (h-3) Within 100 feet of a dwelling between midnight and 6 a.m. at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. This subdivision (h-5) does not apply on private property where verbal or written consent of the owner or lessee has been granted to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon the private property or frozen waters of this State.
    (i) Other Prohibitions.
        (1) No person, except persons permitted by law, shall
    
operate or ride any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle with any firearm in his or her possession unless he or she is in compliance with Section 2.33 of the Wildlife Code.
        (2) No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle
    
or off-highway motorcycle emitting pollutants in violation of standards established pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act.
        (3) No person shall deposit from an all-terrain
    
vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on the snow, ice or ground surface, trash, glass, garbage, insoluble material, or other offensive matter.
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 9-1-97; 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1)
    Sec. 11-1427.1. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on ice. All-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles may be operated on the frozen waters of this State subject to the provisions of this Section and the rules of the Department of Natural Resources.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2)
    Sec. 11-1427.2. Special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. Nothing contained in Section 11-1427 or 11-1427.1 shall be construed to prohibit any local authority of this State from designating a special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. In such case the provisions of Sections 11-1427 and 11-1427.1 shall not apply to areas or highways under the jurisdiction of that local authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3)
    Sec. 11-1427.3. Rules for all-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles. The Department of Natural Resources may adopt rules to implement and administer the provisions of Sections 11-1427, 11-1427.1, and 11-1427.2.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4)
    Sec. 11-1427.4. Signal from officer to stop. An all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle operator, after having received a visual or audible signal from a law enforcement officer to come to a stop, may not:
    (1) operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in willful or wanton disregard of the signal to stop;
    (2) interfere with or endanger the law enforcement officer or another person or vehicle; or
    (3) increase speed or attempt to flee or elude the officer.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5)
    Sec. 11-1427.5. Recreational off-highway vehicles. All provisions of this Code that apply to an all-terrain vehicle shall apply the same to a recreational off-highway vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-428, eff. 8-13-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1428

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1428)
    Sec. 11-1428. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-683, eff. 1-1-99. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1429

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1429)
    Sec. 11-1429. Excessive idling.
    (a) The purpose of this law is to protect public health and the environment by reducing emissions while conserving fuel and maintaining adequate rest and safety of all drivers of diesel vehicles.
    (b) As used in this Section, "affected areas" means the counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and Monroe and the townships of Aux Sable and Goose Lake in Grundy County and the township of Oswego in Kendall County.
    (c) A person that operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than a total of 10 minutes within any 60 minute period, except under the following circumstances:
        (1) the motor vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight
    
Rating of less than 8,000 pounds;
        (2) the motor vehicle idles while forced to remain
    
motionless because of on-highway traffic, an official traffic control device or signal, or at the direction of a law enforcement official;
        (3) the motor vehicle idles when operating
    
defrosters, heaters, air conditioners, or other equipment solely to prevent a safety or health emergency;
        (4) a police, fire, ambulance, public safety, other
    
emergency or law enforcement motor vehicle, or any motor vehicle used in an emergency capacity, idles while in an emergency or training mode and not for the convenience of the vehicle operator;
        (5) the primary propulsion engine idles for
    
maintenance, servicing, repairing, or diagnostic purposes if idling is necessary for such activity;
        (6) a motor vehicle idles as part of a government
    
inspection to verify that all equipment is in good working order, provided idling is required as part of the inspection;
        (7) when idling of the motor vehicle is required to
    
operate auxiliary equipment to accomplish the intended use of the vehicle (such as loading, unloading, mixing, or processing cargo; controlling cargo temperature; construction operations; lumbering operations; oil or gas well servicing; or farming operations), provided that this exemption does not apply when the vehicle is idling solely for cabin comfort or to operate non-essential equipment such as air conditioning, heating, microwave ovens, or televisions;
        (8) an armored motor vehicle idles when a person
    
remains inside the vehicle to guard the contents, or while the vehicle is being loaded or unloaded;
        (9) a bus idles a maximum of 15 minutes in any 60
    
minute period to maintain passenger comfort while non-driver passengers are on board;
        (10) if the motor vehicle has a sleeping berth, when
    
the operator is occupying the vehicle during a rest or sleep period and idling of the vehicle is required to operate air conditioning or heating;
        (11) when the motor vehicle idles due to mechanical
    
difficulties over which the operator has no control;
        (12) the motor vehicle is used as airport ground
    
support equipment, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles operated on the air side of the airport terminal to service or supply aircraft;
        (13) the motor vehicle is (i) a bus owned by a public
    
transit authority and (ii) being operated on a designated bus route or on a street or highway between designated bus routes for the provision of public transportation;
        (14) the motor vehicle is an implement of husbandry
    
exempt from registration under subdivision A(2) of Section 3-402 of this Code;
        (15) the motor vehicle is owned by an electric
    
utility and is operated for electricity generation or hydraulic pressure to power equipment necessary in the restoration, repair, modification or installation of electric utility service; or
        (16) the outdoor temperature is less than 32 degrees
    
Fahrenheit or greater than 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
    (d) When the outdoor temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and 80 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, a person who operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle to idle for a period greater than 30 minutes in any 60 minute period while waiting to weigh, load, or unload cargo or freight, unless the vehicle is in a line of vehicles that regularly and periodically moves forward.
    (e) This Section does not prohibit the operation of an auxiliary power unit or generator set as an alternative to idling the main engine of a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel.
    (f) This Section does not apply to the owner of a motor vehicle rented or leased to another entity or person operating the vehicle.
    (g) Any person convicted of any violation of this Section is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined $90 for the first conviction and $500 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period.
    (h) Fines; distribution. All fines and all penalties collected under this Section shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be distributed as follows: (i) $50 for the first conviction and $150 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the State's General Revenue Fund; (ii) $20 for the first conviction and $262.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be distributed to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation; and (iii) $20 for the first conviction and $87.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund.
    (i) The Trucking Environmental and Education Fund is created as a special fund in the State Treasury. All money deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund shall be paid, subject to appropriation by the General Assembly, to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency for the purpose of educating the trucking industry on air pollution and preventative measures specifically related to idling. Any interest earned on deposits into the Fund shall remain in the Fund and be used for the purposes set forth in this subsection. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Fund is not subject to administrative charges or charge-backs that would in any way transfer moneys from the Fund into any other fund of the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-576, eff. 8-18-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430)
    Sec. 11-1430. Vehicle immobilization and impoundment upon certification of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization and impoundment in cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services has certified to the municipality under Section 10-17.13 of the Illinois Public Aid Code that the registered owner of a vehicle owes past due support. The program shall provide for immobilization of any eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle and for subsequent towing and impoundment of such vehicle solely upon the certification of past due support by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the past due support by the municipality shall not be required under the ordinance. The ordinance shall provide that the municipality may terminate immobilization and impoundment of the vehicle if the registered owner has arranged for payment of past and current support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1)
    Sec. 11-1430.1. Vehicle immobilization for failure to pay municipal vehicle tax violation liability.
    (a) A municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization to facilitate enforcement of municipal vehicle tax liability. The program of vehicle immobilization shall provide for immobilizing an eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle. An ordinance establishing a program of vehicle immobilization under this Section shall include the following provisions:
        (1) A vehicle shall be eligible for immobilization
    
when the registered owner of the vehicle has accumulated the number of unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax violation liability or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, or both.
        (2) The vehicle owner shall be provided with notice
    
of the impending vehicle immobilization and the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the action by disproving liability for unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code.
        (3) The vehicle owner shall have the right to a
    
prompt hearing after a vehicle has been immobilized or subsequently towed for nonpayment of outstanding fines and penalties for which final determinations have been issued. An order issued after the hearing is a final administrative decision within the meaning of Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
        (4) A post-immobilization and post-towing notice
    
shall be provided to the registered owner of the vehicle advising the registered owner of the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the impoundment.
    (b) Judicial review of final determinations of vehicle tax violations and final administrative decisions issued after hearings regarding vehicle immobilization and impoundment made under this Section shall be subject to the Administrative Review Law.
    (c) A fine, penalty, or part thereof, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, administrative remedies and the conclusion of judicial review procedures shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Payment in full of any fine or penalty resulting from a vehicle tax violation shall constitute a final disposition of that violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-937, eff. 8-10-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1431

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1431)
    Sec. 11-1431. Solicitations at accident or disablement scene prohibited. A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of an accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, or the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle accident or damaged or disabled vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-1376, eff. 7-29-10.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV heading)
ARTICLE XV. BICYCLES

625 ILCS 5/11-1501

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1501) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1501)
    Sec. 11-1501. Application of rules. (a) It is unlawful for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in Article XV of Chapter 11 of this Code.
    (b) The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1502

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1502) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1502)
    Sec. 11-1502. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles. Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this Code, except as to special regulations in this Article XV and except as to those provisions of this Code which by their nature can have no application.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1503

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1503) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1503)
    Sec. 11-1503. Riding on bicycles. (a) A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
    (b) No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child securely attached to his person in a back pack or sling.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1504

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1504) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1504)
    Sec. 11-1504. Clinging to vehicles. No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1505

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1505) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505)
    Sec. 11-1505. Position of bicycles and motorized pedal cycles on roadways - Riding on roadways and bicycle paths.
    (a) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable and safe to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under the following situations:
        1. When overtaking and passing another bicycle,
    
motorized pedal cycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or
        2. When preparing for a left turn at an intersection
    
or into a private road or driveway; or
        3. When reasonably necessary to avoid conditions
    
including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, motorized pedal cycles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or substandard width lanes that make it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge. For purposes of this subsection, a "substandard width lane" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane; or
        4. When approaching a place where a right turn is
    
authorized.
    (b) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway as practicable.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505.1)
    Sec. 11-1505.1. Persons riding bicycles or motorized pedal cycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than 2 abreast, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for their exclusive use. Persons riding 2 abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ride within a single lane subject to the provisions of Section 11-1505.
(Source: P.A. 83-549.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1506

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1506) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1506)
    Sec. 11-1506. Carrying articles. No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the use of both hands in the control and operation of the bicycle. A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand on the handlebars at all times.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1507

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1507) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507)
    Sec. 11-1507. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
    (a) Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Department which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
    (b) A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren. This subsection (b) does not apply to a bicycle that is a police vehicle or fire department vehicle.
    (c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
    (d) No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector conforming to specifications prescribed by the Department, on each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
    (e) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance of 500 feet and shall be essentially colorless or red to the rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or amber to the front of the center of the bicycle provided. The requirements of this paragraph may be met by reflective materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch wide on each side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color on both the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall conform to specifications prescribed by the Department.
    (f) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing reflector.
(Source: P.A. 95-28, eff. 8-7-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1507.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1507.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507.1)
    Sec. 11-1507.1. Lamps on mopeds. Every moped, when in use at nighttime, shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front, and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Department which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when in front of lawful, low-powered beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1508

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1508) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1508)
    Sec. 11-1508. Bicycle identifying number. A person engaged in the business of selling bicycles at retail shall not sell any bicycle unless the bicycle has an identifying number permanently stamped or cast on its frame.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)