Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-704
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-704)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-704)
When overtaking on the right is permitted.
(a) The driver of a vehicle with 3 or more wheels may overtake and pass
upon the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
1. When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to
2. Upon a roadway with unobstructed pavement of
sufficient width for two or more lines of vehicles moving lawfully in the direction being traveled by the overtaking vehicle.
3. Upon a one-way street, or upon any roadway on
which traffic is restricted to one direction of movement, where the roadway is free from obstructions and of sufficient width for 2 or more lines of moving vehicles.
(b) The driver of a 2 wheeled vehicle may not pass upon the right of any
other vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless the unobstructed
pavement to the right of the vehicle being passed is of a width of not less
than 8 feet. This subsection does not apply to devices propelled by human power.
(c) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon
the right only under conditions permitting such movement in safety. Such
movement shall not be made by driving off the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 98-485, eff. 1-1-14.)
625 ILCS 5/11-705
(625 ILCS 5/11-705)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-705)
Limitations on overtaking on the left.
No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway
in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction
unless authorized by the provisions of this Chapter and unless such left
side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient
distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made
without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from
the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken. In every event the
overtaking vehicle must return to an authorized lane of travel as soon as
practicable and in the event the passing movement involves the use of a
lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction,
before coming within 200 feet of any vehicle approaching from the opposite
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)
625 ILCS 5/11-706
(625 ILCS 5/11-706)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-706)
Further limitations on driving to the left of center of roadway.
(a) No vehicle shall be driven
on the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
1. When approaching or upon the crest of a grade or a curve in the
highway where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to
create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the
2. When approaching within 100 feet of or traversing any intersection or
railroad grade crossing.
3. When the view is obstructed upon approaching within
100 feet of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel.
(b) The limitations in sub-paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 do not apply upon a
one-way roadway nor upon a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient
width for 2 or more lanes of moving traffic in each direction nor to the
driver of a vehicle turning left into or from an alley, private road or
driveway when such movements can be made with safety.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-707
(625 ILCS 5/11-707)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-707)
(a) The Department and local authorities
are authorized to determine those portions of any highway under their
respective jurisdictions where overtaking and passing or driving on the
left of the roadway would be especially hazardous and may by appropriate
signs or markings on the roadway indicate the beginning and end of such
zones. Upon request of a local school board, the Department or local
authority which has jurisdiction over the roadway in question, shall
determine whether a hazardous situation exists at a particular location and
warrants a no-passing zone. If the Department or local authority
determines that a no-passing zone is warranted, the school board and the
Department or local authority shall share equally the cost of designating
the no-passing zone by signs and markings. When such signs or markings are
in place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person every driver
of a vehicle shall obey the directions thereof.
(b) Where signs or markings are in place to define a no-passing zone as
set forth in paragraph (a) no driver may at any time drive on the left side
of the roadway within the no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement
striping designed to mark such no-passing zone throughout its length.
(c) This Section does not apply under the conditions described in
Section 11-701 (a) 2, subsection (d-5) of Section 11-703, nor to the driver of a vehicle turning left into or from
an alley, private road or driveway. The pavement striping designed to mark
the no-passing zone may be crossed from the left hand lane for the
purpose of completing a pass that was begun prior to the beginning of the
zone in the driver's direction of travel.
(d) Special speed limit areas required under Section 11-605 of this Code
in unincorporated areas only shall also be no-passing zones.
(Source: P.A. 100-359, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/11-708
(625 ILCS 5/11-708)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-708)
One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.
(a) The Department and local authorities, with respect to highways under
their respective jurisdictions, may designate any highway, roadway, part of
a roadway or specific lanes upon which vehicular traffic shall proceed in
one direction at all or such times as shall be indicated by official
traffic control devices.
(b) Upon a roadway so designated for one-way traffic, a vehicle shall be
driven only in the direction designated at all or such times as shall be
indicated by official traffic control devices.
(c) A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island must be driven only
to the right of such island.
(d) Whenever any highway has been divided into 2 or more roadways by
leaving an intervening space or by a physical barrier or a clearly
indicated dividing section so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic,
every vehicle must be driven only upon the right-hand roadway unless
directed or permitted to use another roadway by official traffic-control
devices or police officers. No vehicle may be driven over, across, or
within any such dividing space, barrier, or section, except through an
opening in the physical barrier, or dividing section, or space, or at a
cross-over or intersection as established by public authority.
(e) The driver of a vehicle may turn left across a paved noncurbed
dividing space unless prohibited by an official traffic-control device.
(Source: P.A. 84-873.)
625 ILCS 5/11-709
(625 ILCS 5/11-709)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-709)
Driving on roadways laned for traffic.
Whenever any roadway has been divided into 2 or more clearly marked
lanes for traffic the following rules in addition to all others consistent
herewith shall apply.
(a) A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a
single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has
first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.
(b) Upon a roadway which is divided into 3 lanes and provides for
two-way movement of traffic, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center
lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle traveling in the
same direction when such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe
distance, or in preparation for making a left turn or where such center
lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the same
direction that the vehicle is proceeding and such allocation is designated
by official traffic control devices.
(c) Official traffic control devices may be erected directing specific
traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by
traffic moving in a particular direction regardless of the center of the
roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such
device. On multi-lane controlled access
highways with 3 or more lanes in one
direction or on any multi-laned highway with 2 or more lanes in one
direction, the Department may designate lanes of traffic to be used by
different types of motor vehicles.
Drivers must obey lane designation signing except when it is necessary to
use a different lane to make a turning maneuver.
(d) Official traffic control devices may be installed prohibiting the
changing of lanes on sections of roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey
the directions of every such device.
(Source: P.A. 84-1311.)
625 ILCS 5/11-709.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-709.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-709.1)
Driving on the shoulder.
(a) Vehicles shall be driven on a roadway, and shall only
be driven on the shoulder for the purpose of stopping or accelerating from
a stop while merging into traffic. It shall be a violation of this Section
if while merging into traffic and while on the shoulder, the vehicle passes
any other vehicle on the roadway adjacent to it.
(b) This Section shall not apply to any authorized emergency vehicle, to any authorized transit bus, to any bicycle, to any farm tractor or implement of husbandry,
to any service vehicle while engaged in maintenance of the highway or
related work, or to any authorized vehicle within a designated construction zone.
(Source: P.A. 100-359, eff. 1-1-18