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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-404)
    Sec. 11-404. Duty upon damaging unattended vehicle or other property.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle which collides with or is involved in a motor vehicle accident with any vehicle which is unattended, or other property, resulting in any damage to such other vehicle or property shall immediately stop and shall then and there either locate and notify the operator or owner of such vehicle or other property of the driver's name, address, registration number and owner of the vehicle the driver was operating or shall attach securely in a conspicuous place on or in the vehicle or other property struck a written notice giving the driver's name, address, registration number and owner of the vehicle the driver was driving and shall without unnecessary delay notify the nearest office of a duly authorized police authority and shall make a written report of such accident when and as required in Section 11-406. Every such stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary. If a damaged vehicle is obstructing traffic lanes, the driver of the vehicle must make every reasonable effort to move the vehicle or have it moved so as not to block the traffic lanes.
    (b) Any person failing to comply with this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (c) If any peace officer or highway authority official finds (i) a vehicle standing upon a highway or toll highway in violation of a prohibition, limitation, or restriction on stopping, standing, or parking imposed under this Code or (ii) a disabled vehicle that obstructs the roadway of a highway or toll highway, the peace officer or highway authority official is authorized to move the vehicle or to require the operator of the vehicle to move the vehicle to the shoulder of the road, to a position where parking is permitted, or to public parking or storage premises. The removal may be performed by, or under the direction of, the peace officer or highway authority official or may be contracted for by local authorities. After the vehicle has been removed, the peace officer or highway authority official shall follow appropriate procedures, as provided in Section 4-203 of this Code.
    (d) A towing service, its officers, and its employees are not liable for loss of or damages to any real or personal property that occurs as the result of the removal or towing of any vehicle under subsection (c), as provided in subsection (b) of Section 4-213.
(Source: P.A. 95-407, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-406)
    Sec. 11-406. Duty to report accident.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle that is in any manner involved in an accident within this State, resulting in injury to or death of any person, or in which damage to the property of any one person, including himself, in excess of $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601) is sustained, shall, as soon as possible but not later than 10 days after the accident, forward a written report of the accident to the Administrator.
    (b) Whenever a school bus is involved in an accident in this State, caused by a collision, a sudden stop or otherwise, resulting in any property damage, personal injury or death and whenever an accident occurs within 50 feet of a school bus in this State resulting in personal injury to or the death of any person while awaiting or preparing to board the bus or immediately after exiting the bus, the driver shall as soon as possible but not later than 10 days after the accident, forward a written report to the Department of Transportation. If a report is also required under Subsection (a) of this Section, that report and the report required by this Subsection shall be submitted on a single form.
    (c) The Administrator may require any driver, occupant or owner of a vehicle involved in an accident of which report must be made as provided in this Section or Section 11-410 of this Chapter to file supplemental reports whenever the original report is insufficient in the opinion of the Secretary of State or the Administrator, and may require witnesses of the accident to submit written reports to the Administrator. The report may include photographs, charts, sketches, and graphs.
    (d) Should the Administrator learn through other reports of accidents required by law of the occurrence of an accident reportable under this Article and the driver, owner, or witness has not reported as required under Subsections (a), (b) or (c) of this Section or Section 11-410, within the time specified, the person is not relieved of the responsibility and the Administrator shall notify the person by first class mail directed to his last known address of his legal obligation. However, the notification is not a condition precedent to impose the penalty for failure to report as provided in Subsection (e).
    (e) The Secretary of State shall suspend the driver's license or any non-resident's driving privilege of any person who fails or neglects to make report of a traffic accident as required or as required by any other law of this State.
(Source: P.A. 95-754, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-407

    (625 ILCS 5/11-407) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-407)
    Sec. 11-407. Immediate notice of accident.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle which is in any manner involved in an accident described in Section 11-406 of this Chapter shall, if no police officer is present, give notice of the accident by the fastest available means of communication to the local police department if such accident occurs within a municipality or otherwise to the nearest office of the county sheriff or nearest headquarters of the Illinois State Police.
    (b) Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of giving immediate notice of an accident as required in Subsection (a) and there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the accident capable of doing so, that occupant must give notice as required in Subsection (a).
(Source: P.A. 76-2163.)

625 ILCS 5/11-408

    (625 ILCS 5/11-408) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-408)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-408. Police to report motor vehicle accident investigations.
    (a) Every law enforcement officer who investigates a motor vehicle accident for which a report is required by this Article or who prepares a written report as a result of an investigation either at the time and scene of such motor vehicle accident or thereafter by interviewing participants or witnesses shall forward a written report of such motor vehicle accident to the Administrator on forms provided by the Administrator under Section 11-411 within 10 days after investigation of the motor vehicle accident, or within such other time as is prescribed by the Administrator. Such written reports required to be forwarded by law enforcement officers and the information contained therein are privileged as to the Secretary of State and the Department and, in the case of second division vehicles operated under certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission, to the Commission, but shall not be held confidential by the reporting law enforcement officer or agency. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records. However, the Administrator or the Secretary of State may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer and such supplemental report shall be for the privileged use of the Secretary of State and the Department and shall be held confidential. Upon request, the Department shall furnish copies of its written accident reports to federal, State, and local agencies that are engaged in highway safety research and studies. The reports shall be for the privileged use of the federal, State, and local agencies receiving the reports and shall be held confidential.
    (b) The Department at its discretion may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer on a form supplied by the Department to be submitted directly to the Department. Such supplemental report may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes, and shall be for the privileged use of the Department and shall be held confidential.
    (c) The Department at its discretion may also provide for in-depth investigations of a motor vehicle accident by individuals or special investigation groups, including but not limited to police officers, photographers, engineers, doctors, mechanics, and as a result of the investigation may require the submission of written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, graphs, or a combination of all. Such individual written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, or graphs may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes, shall be for the privileged use of the Department and held confidential, and shall not be used in any trial, civil or criminal.
    (d) On and after July 1, 1997, law enforcement officers who have reason to suspect that the motor vehicle accident was the result of a driver's loss of consciousness due to a medical condition, as defined by the Driver's License Medical Review Law of 1992, or the result of any medical condition that impaired the driver's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle shall notify the Secretary of this determination. The Secretary, in conjunction with the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board, shall determine by administrative rule the temporary conditions not required to be reported under the provisions of this Section. The Secretary shall, in conjunction with the Illinois State Police and representatives of local and county law enforcement agencies, promulgate any rules necessary and develop the procedures and documents that may be required to obtain written, electronic, or other agreed upon methods of notification to implement the provisions of this Section.
    (e) Law enforcement officers reporting under the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section shall enjoy the same immunities granted members of the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board under Section 6-910 of this Code.
    (f) All information furnished to the Secretary under subsection (d) of this Section shall be deemed confidential and for the privileged use of the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of subsection (j) of Section 2-123 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1147, eff. 7-21-10.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-408. Police to report motor vehicle accident investigations.
    (a) Every law enforcement officer who investigates a motor vehicle accident for which a report is required by this Article or who prepares a written report as a result of an investigation either at the time and scene of such motor vehicle accident or thereafter by interviewing participants or witnesses shall forward a written report of such motor vehicle accident to the Administrator on forms provided by the Administrator under Section 11-411 within 10 days after investigation of the motor vehicle accident, or within such other time as is prescribed by the Administrator. Such written reports and the information contained in those reports required to be forwarded by law enforcement officers shall not be held confidential by the reporting law enforcement officer or agency. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records. However, the Administrator or the Secretary of State may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer.
    (b) The Department at its discretion may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer on a form supplied by the Department to be submitted directly to the Department. Such supplemental report may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes under Section 11-412 or 11-414 of this Code.
    (c) The Department at its discretion may provide for in-depth investigations of accidents involving Department employees or other motor vehicle accidents by individuals or special investigation groups, including but not limited to police officers, photographers, engineers, doctors, mechanics, and as a result of the investigation may require the submission of written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, graphs, or a combination of all. Such individual written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, or graphs may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes under Section 11-412 or 11-414 of this Code.
    (d) On and after July 1, 1997, law enforcement officers who have reason to suspect that the motor vehicle accident was the result of a driver's loss of consciousness due to a medical condition, as defined by the Driver's License Medical Review Law of 1992, or the result of any medical condition that impaired the driver's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle shall notify the Secretary of this determination. The Secretary, in conjunction with the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board, shall determine by administrative rule the temporary conditions not required to be reported under the provisions of this Section. The Secretary shall, in conjunction with the Illinois State Police and representatives of local and county law enforcement agencies, promulgate any rules necessary and develop the procedures and documents that may be required to obtain written, electronic, or other agreed upon methods of notification to implement the provisions of this Section.
    (e) Law enforcement officers reporting under the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section shall enjoy the same immunities granted members of the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board under Section 6-910 of this Code.
    (f) All information furnished to the Secretary under subsection (d) of this Section shall be deemed confidential and for the privileged use of the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of subsection (j) of Section 2-123 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-96, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/11-409

    (625 ILCS 5/11-409) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-409)
    Sec. 11-409. False motor vehicle accident reports or notices. Any person who provides information in an oral or written report required by this Code with knowledge or reason to believe that such information is false shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-410

    (625 ILCS 5/11-410) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-410)
    Sec. 11-410. When driver fails to report a motor vehicle accident. Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of making a required written accident report and if there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the motor vehicle accident capable of making a written report, such occupant shall make or cause to be made such written report. If said driver fails for any reason to make such report, the owner of the vehicle involved in such motor vehicle accident, shall, as soon as practicable, make said report to the Administrator.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-411

    (625 ILCS 5/11-411) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-411)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-411. Accident report forms.
    (a) The Administrator must prepare and upon request supply to police departments, sheriffs and other appropriate agencies or individuals, forms for written accident reports as required hereunder, suitable with respect to the persons required to make such reports and the purposes to be served. The written reports must call for sufficiently detailed information to disclose with reference to a vehicle accident the cause, conditions then existing, and the persons and vehicles involved or any other data concerning such accident that may be required for a complete analysis of all related circumstances and events leading to the accident or subsequent to the occurrence.
    (b) Every accident report required to be made in writing must be made on an appropriate form approved or provided by the Administrator and must contain all the information required therein unless that information is not available.
    (c) Should special accident studies be required by the Administrator, the Administrator may provide the supplemental forms for the special studies.
(Source: P.A. 78-255.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-411. Accident report forms.
    (a) The Administrator must prepare and upon request supply to police departments, sheriffs and other appropriate agencies or individuals, forms for written accident reports as required hereunder, suitable with respect to the persons required to make such reports and the purposes to be served. The written reports must call for sufficiently detailed information to disclose with reference to a vehicle accident the cause, conditions then existing, and the persons and vehicles involved or any other data concerning such accident that may be required for a complete analysis of all related circumstances and events leading to the accident or subsequent to the occurrence.
    (b) Every accident report required to be made in writing must be made on an approved form or in an approved electronic format provided by the Administrator and must contain all the information required therein unless that information is not available. The Department shall adopt any rules necessary to implement this subsection (b).
    (c) Should special accident studies be required by the Administrator, the Administrator may provide the supplemental forms for the special studies.
(Source: P.A. 100-96, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/11-412

    (625 ILCS 5/11-412) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-412)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-412. Motor vehicle accident reports confidential. All required written motor vehicle accident reports and supplemental reports shall be without prejudice to the individual so reporting and shall be for the confidential use of the Department and the Secretary of State and, in the case of second division vehicles operated under certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission, of the Commission, except that the Administrator or the Secretary of State or the Commission may disclose the identity of a person involved in a motor vehicle accident when such identity is not otherwise known or when such person denies his presence at such motor vehicle accident and the Department shall disclose the identity of the insurance carrier, if any, upon demand. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records. The Department may furnish copies of its written accident reports to federal, State, and local agencies that are engaged in highway safety research and studies. Reports furnished to any agency other than the Secretary of State or the Illinois Commerce Commission may be used only for statistical or analytical purposes and shall be held confidential by that agency. No such written report shall be used as evidence in any trial, civil or criminal, arising out of a motor vehicle accident, except that the Administrator shall furnish upon demand of any person who has, or claims to have, made such a written report, or upon demand of any court, a certificate showing that a specified written accident report has or has not been made to the Administrator solely to prove a compliance or a failure to comply with the requirement that such a written report be made to the Administrator.
    The Department of Transportation at its discretion may provide for in-depth investigations of accidents involving Department employees. A written report describing the preventability of such an accident may be prepared to enhance the safety of Department employees. Such reports and any opinions expressed in the review of the accident as to the preventability of the accident shall be for the privileged use of the Department and held confidential and shall not be obtainable or used in any civil or criminal proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 95-757, eff. 7-25-08.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-412. Motor vehicle accident reports confidential.
    (a) All required written motor vehicle accident reports and supplemental reports shall be without prejudice to the individual so reporting and shall be for the confidential use of the Department and the Secretary of State and, in the case of second division vehicles operated under certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission, of the Commission, except that the Administrator or the Secretary of State or the Commission may disclose the identity of a person involved in a motor vehicle accident when such identity is not otherwise known or when such person denies his presence at such motor vehicle accident and the Department shall disclose the identity of the insurance carrier, if any, upon demand. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records.
    (b) Upon written request, the Department shall furnish copies of its written accident reports or any supplemental reports to federal, State, and local agencies that are engaged in highway safety research and studies and to any person or entity that has a contractual agreement with the Department or a federal, State, or local agency to complete a highway safety research and study for the Department or the federal, State, or local agency. Reports furnished to any agency, person, or entity other than the Secretary of State or the Illinois Commerce Commission may be used only for statistical or analytical purposes and shall be held confidential by that agency, person, or entity. These reports shall be exempt from inspection and copying under the Freedom of Information Act and shall not be used as evidence in any trial, civil or criminal, arising out of a motor vehicle accident, except that the Administrator shall furnish upon demand of any person who has, or claims to have, made such a written or supplemental report, or upon demand of any court, a certificate showing that a specified written accident report or supplemental report has or has not been made to the Administrator solely to prove a compliance or a failure to comply with the requirement that such a written or supplemental report be made to the Administrator.
    (c) Upon written request, the Department shall furnish motor vehicle accident data to a federal, State, or local agency, the Secretary of State, the Illinois Commerce Commission, or any other person or entity under Section 11-417 of this Code.
    (d) The Department at its discretion may provide for in-depth investigations of accidents involving Department employees or other motor vehicle accidents. A written report describing the preventability of such an accident may be prepared to enhance the safety of Department employees or the traveling public. Such reports and the information contained in those reports and any opinions expressed in the review of the accident as to the preventability of the accident shall be for the privileged use of the Department and held confidential and shall not be obtainable or used in any civil or criminal proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 100-96, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/11-413

    (625 ILCS 5/11-413) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-413)
    Sec. 11-413. Coroners to report. All coroners shall on or before the 10th day of each month report in writing to the Administrator the death of any person within their respective jurisdiction, during the preceding calendar month, as the result of a traffic accident giving the time and place of the accident and the circumstances relating thereto.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-414

    (625 ILCS 5/11-414) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-414)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-414. Department to tabulate and analyze motor vehicle accident reports. The Department shall tabulate and may analyze all written motor vehicle accident reports received in compliance with this Code and shall publish annually or at more frequent intervals statistical information based thereon as to the number and circumstances of traffic accidents. The Department:
        1. shall submit a report of school bus accidents and
    
accidents resulting in personal injury to or the death of any person within 50 feet of a school bus while awaiting or preparing to board the bus or immediately after exiting the bus to the National Highway Safety Advisory Committee annually or as requested by the Committee;
        2. shall compile, maintain, and make available to
    
the public statistical information relating to traffic accidents involving medical transport vehicles;
        3. may conduct special investigations of motor
    
vehicle accidents and may solicit supplementary reports from drivers, owners, police departments, sheriffs, coroners, or any other individual. Failure of any individual to submit a supplementary report subjects such individual to the same penalties for failure to report as designated under Section 11-406.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-96)
    Sec. 11-414. Department to tabulate and analyze motor vehicle accident reports. The Department shall tabulate and may analyze all written motor vehicle accident reports received in compliance with this Code and shall publish annually or at more frequent intervals motor vehicle accident data. The Department:
        1. (blank);
        2. shall, upon written request, make available to
    
the public motor vehicle accident data that shall be distributed under Sections 11-412 and 11-417 of this Code;
        3. may conduct special investigations of motor
    
vehicle accidents and may solicit supplementary reports from drivers, owners, police departments, sheriffs, coroners, or any other individual. Failure of any individual to submit a supplementary report subjects such individual to the same penalties for failure to report as designated under Section 11-406.
(Source: P.A. 100-96, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/11-415

    (625 ILCS 5/11-415) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-415)
    Sec. 11-415. Municipalities may require traffic accident reports. Municipalities may by ordinance require that the driver or owner of a vehicle involved in a traffic accident file with the designated municipal office a written report of such accident. All such reports shall be for the confidential use of the municipal office and subject to the provisions of Section 11-412.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-416

    (625 ILCS 5/11-416) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-416)
    Sec. 11-416. Furnishing copies - Fees. The Department of State Police may furnish copies of an Illinois State Police Traffic Accident Report that has been investigated by the State Police and shall be paid a fee of $5 for each such copy, or in the case of an accident which was investigated by an accident reconstruction officer or accident reconstruction team, a fee of $20 shall be paid.
    Other State law enforcement agencies or law enforcement agencies of local authorities may furnish copies of traffic accident reports prepared by such agencies and may receive a fee not to exceed $5 for each copy or in the case of an accident which was investigated by an accident reconstruction officer or accident reconstruction team, the State or local law enforcement agency may receive a fee not to exceed $20.
    Any written accident report required or requested to be furnished the Administrator shall be provided without cost or fee charges authorized under this Section or any other provision of law.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-417

    (625 ILCS 5/11-417)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 11-417. Motor vehicle accident report and motor vehicle accident data.
    (a) Upon written request and payment of the required fee, the Department shall make available to the public motor vehicle accident data received in compliance with this Code. The Department shall adopt any rules necessary to establish a fee schedule for motor vehicle accident data made available under Section 11-414 of this Code.
    (b) The Department shall provide copies of a written motor vehicle accident report or motor vehicle accident data without any cost or fees authorized under any provision of law to a federal, State, or local agency, the Secretary of State, the Illinois Commerce Commission, or any other person or entity that has a contractual agreement with the Department or a federal, State, or local agency to complete a highway safety research and study for the Department or the federal, State, or local agency.
    (c) All fees collected under this Section shall be placed in the Road Fund to be used, subject to appropriation, for the costs associated with motor vehicle accident records and motor vehicle accident data.
(Source: P.A. 100-96, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. V

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V. DRIVING WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE,
TRANSPORTING ALCOHOLIC LIQUOR,
AND RECKLESS DRIVING
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/11-500

    (625 ILCS 5/11-500) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-500)
    Sec. 11-500. Definitions. For the purposes of interpreting Sections 6-206.1 and 6-208.1 of this Code, "first offender" shall mean any person who has not had a previous conviction or court assigned supervision for violating Section 11-501, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or a conviction in any other state for a violation of driving while under the influence or a similar offense where the cause of action is the same or substantially similar to this Code or similar offenses committed on a military installation, or any person who has not had a driver's license suspension pursuant to paragraph 6 of subsection (a) of Section 6-206 as the result of refusal of chemical testing in another state, or any person who has not had a driver's license suspension or revocation for violating Section 11-501.1 within 5 years prior to the date of the current offense, except in cases where the driver submitted to chemical testing resulting in an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, or any amount of a drug, substance, or compound in such person's blood, other bodily substance, or urine resulting from the unlawful use or consumption of cannabis listed in the Cannabis Control Act, a controlled substance listed in the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or an intoxicating compound listed in the Use of Intoxicating Compounds Act, or methamphetamine as listed in the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act and was subsequently found not guilty of violating Section 11-501, or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
(Source: P.A. 99-697, eff. 7-29-16.)