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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.


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625 ILCS 5/11-501.9

    (625 ILCS 5/11-501.9)
    Sec. 11-501.9. Suspension of driver's license; medical cannabis card holder; failure or refusal of field sobriety tests; implied consent.
    (a) A person who has been issued a registry identification card under the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act who drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle upon the public highways of this State shall be deemed to have given consent to standardized field sobriety tests approved by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, under subsection (a-5) of Section 11-501.2 of this Code, if detained by a law enforcement officer who has a reasonable suspicion that the person is driving or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while impaired by the use of cannabis. The law enforcement officer must have an independent, cannabis-related factual basis giving reasonable suspicion that the person is driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while impaired by the use of cannabis for conducting standardized field sobriety tests, which shall be included with the results of the field sobriety tests in any report made by the law enforcement officer who requests the test. The person's possession of a registry identification card issued under the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act alone is not a sufficient basis for reasonable suspicion.
    For purposes of this Section, a law enforcement officer of this State who is investigating a person for an offense under Section 11-501 of this Code may travel into an adjoining state where the person has been transported for medical care to complete an investigation and to request that the person submit to field sobriety tests under this Section.
    (b) A person who is unconscious, or otherwise in a condition rendering the person incapable of refusal, shall be deemed to have withdrawn the consent provided by subsection (a) of this Section.
    (c) A person requested to submit to field sobriety tests, as provided in this Section, shall be warned by the law enforcement officer requesting the field sobriety tests that a refusal to submit to the field sobriety tests will result in the suspension of the person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle, as provided in subsection (f) of this Section. The person shall also be warned by the law enforcement officer that if the person submits to field sobriety tests as provided in this Section which disclose the person is impaired by the use of cannabis, a suspension of the person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle, as provided in subsection (f) of this Section, will be imposed.
    (d) The results of field sobriety tests administered under this Section shall be admissible in a civil or criminal action or proceeding arising from an arrest for an offense as defined in Section 11-501 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance. These test results shall be admissible only in actions or proceedings directly related to the incident upon which the test request was made.
    (e) If the person refuses field sobriety tests or submits to field sobriety tests that disclose the person is impaired by the use of cannabis, the law enforcement officer shall immediately submit a sworn report to the circuit court of venue and the Secretary of State certifying that testing was requested under this Section and that the person refused to submit to field sobriety tests or submitted to field sobriety tests that disclosed the person was impaired by the use of cannabis. The sworn report must include the law enforcement officer's factual basis for reasonable suspicion that the person was impaired by the use of cannabis.
    (f) Upon receipt of the sworn report of a law enforcement officer submitted under subsection (e) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall enter the suspension to the driving record as follows:
        (1) for refusal or failure to complete field
    
sobriety tests, a 12 month suspension shall be entered; or
        (2) for submitting to field sobriety tests that
    
disclosed the driver was impaired by the use of cannabis, a 6 month suspension shall be entered.
    The Secretary of State shall confirm the suspension by mailing a notice of the effective date of the suspension to the person and the court of venue. However, should the sworn report be defective for insufficient information or be completed in error, the confirmation of the suspension shall not be mailed to the person or entered to the record; instead, the sworn report shall be forwarded to the court of venue with a copy returned to the issuing agency identifying the defect.
    (g) The law enforcement officer submitting the sworn report under subsection (e) of this Section shall serve immediate notice of the suspension on the person and the suspension shall be effective as provided in subsection (h) of this Section. If immediate notice of the suspension cannot be given, the arresting officer or arresting agency shall give notice by deposit in the United States mail of the notice in an envelope with postage prepaid and addressed to the person at his or her address as shown on the Uniform Traffic Ticket and the suspension shall begin as provided in subsection (h) of this Section. The officer shall confiscate any Illinois driver's license or permit on the person at the time of arrest. If the person has a valid driver's license or permit, the officer shall issue the person a receipt, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of State, that will allow the person to drive during the period provided for in subsection (h) of this Section. The officer shall immediately forward the driver's license or permit to the circuit court of venue along with the sworn report under subsection (e) of this Section.
    (h) The suspension under subsection (f) of this Section shall take effect on the 46th day following the date the notice of the suspension was given to the person.
    (i) When a driving privilege has been suspended under this Section and the person is subsequently convicted of violating Section 11-501 of this Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, for the same incident, any period served on suspension under this Section shall be credited toward the minimum period of revocation of driving privileges imposed under Section 6-205 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 98-1172, eff. 1-12-15.)

625 ILCS 5/11-502

    (625 ILCS 5/11-502) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-502)
    Sec. 11-502. Transportation or possession of alcoholic liquor in a motor vehicle.
    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c), no driver may transport, carry, possess or have any alcoholic liquor within the passenger area of any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State except in the original container and with the seal unbroken.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), no passenger may carry, possess or have any alcoholic liquor within any passenger area of any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State except in the original container and with the seal unbroken.
    (c) This Section shall not apply to the passengers in a limousine when it is being used for purposes for which a limousine is ordinarily used, the passengers on a chartered bus when it is being used for purposes for which chartered buses are ordinarily used or on a motor home or mini motor home as defined in Section 1-145.01 of this Code. However, the driver of any such vehicle is prohibited from consuming or having any alcoholic liquor in or about the driver's area. Any evidence of alcoholic consumption by the driver shall be prima facie evidence of such driver's failure to obey this Section. For the purposes of this Section, a limousine is a motor vehicle of the first division with the passenger compartment enclosed by a partition or dividing window used in the for-hire transportation of passengers and operated by an individual in possession of a valid Illinois driver's license of the appropriate classification pursuant to Section 6-104 of this Code.
    (d) (Blank).
    (e) Any driver who is convicted of violating subsection (a) of this Section for a second or subsequent time within one year of a similar conviction shall be subject to suspension of driving privileges as provided, in paragraph 23 of subsection (a) of Section 6-206 of this Code.
    (f) Any driver, who is less than 21 years of age at the date of the offense and who is convicted of violating subsection (a) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance, shall be subject to the loss of driving privileges as provided in paragraph 13 of subsection (a) of Section 6-205 of this Code and paragraph 33 of subsection (a) of Section 6-206 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 94-1047, eff. 1-1-07; 95-847, eff. 8-15-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-502.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-502.1)
    Sec. 11-502.1. Possession of medical cannabis in a motor vehicle.
    (a) No driver, who is a medical cannabis cardholder, may use medical cannabis within the passenger area of any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State.
    (b) No driver, who is a medical cannabis cardholder, a medical cannabis designated caregiver, medical cannabis cultivation center agent, or dispensing organization agent may possess medical cannabis within any area of any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State except in a sealed, tamper-evident medical cannabis container.
    (c) No passenger, who is a medical cannabis card holder, a medical cannabis designated caregiver, or medical cannabis dispensing organization agent may possess medical cannabis within any passenger area of any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State except in a sealed, tamper-evident medical cannabis container.
    (d) Any person who violates subsections (a) through (c) of this Section:
        (1) commits a Class A misdemeanor;
        (2) shall be subject to revocation of his or her
    
medical cannabis card for a period of 2 years from the end of the sentence imposed;
        (4) shall be subject to revocation of his or her
    
status as a medical cannabis caregiver, medical cannabis cultivation center agent, or medical cannabis dispensing organization agent for a period of 2 years from the end of the sentence imposed.
(Source: P.A. 98-122, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-503

    (625 ILCS 5/11-503) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-503)
    Sec. 11-503. Reckless driving; aggravated reckless driving.
    (a) A person commits reckless driving if he or she:
        (1) drives any vehicle with a willful or wanton
    
disregard for the safety of persons or property; or
        (2) knowingly drives a vehicle and uses an incline in
    
a roadway, such as a railroad crossing, bridge approach, or hill, to cause the vehicle to become airborne.
    (b) Every person convicted of reckless driving shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor, except as provided under subsections (b-1), (c), and (d) of this Section.
    (b-1) Except as provided in subsection (d), any person convicted of violating subsection (a), if the violation causes bodily harm to a child or a school crossing guard while the school crossing guard is performing his or her official duties, is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
    (c) Every person convicted of committing a violation of subsection (a) shall be guilty of aggravated reckless driving if the violation results in great bodily harm or permanent disability or disfigurement to another. Except as provided in subsection (d) of this Section, aggravated reckless driving is a Class 4 felony.
    (d) Any person convicted of violating subsection (a), if the violation causes great bodily harm or permanent disability or disfigurement to a child or a school crossing guard while the school crossing guard is performing his or her official duties, is guilty of aggravated reckless driving. Aggravated reckless driving under this subsection (d) is a Class 3 felony.
(Source: P.A. 95-467, eff. 6-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-504

    (625 ILCS 5/11-504)
    Sec. 11-504. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83-831. Repealed by P.A. 95-310, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-505

    (625 ILCS 5/11-505) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-505)
    Sec. 11-505. No person shall operate any motor vehicle in such a manner as to cause or allow to be emitted squealing, screeching or other such noise from the vehicle's tires due to rapid acceleration or excessive speed around corners or other such reason.
    This Section shall not apply to the following conditions:
    (a) an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call or when in the pursuit of an actual or suspected violator; nor
    (b) the emergency operation of a motor vehicle when avoiding imminent danger; nor
    (c) any raceway, racing facility or other public event, not part of a highway, sanctioned by the appropriate governmental authority.
(Source: P.A. 86-664.)

625 ILCS 5/11-506

    (625 ILCS 5/11-506)
    Sec. 11-506. Street racing; aggravated street racing.
    (a) No person shall engage in street racing on any street or highway of this State.
    (b) No owner of any vehicle shall acquiesce in or permit his or her vehicle to be used by another for the purpose of street racing.
    (c) For the purposes of this Section, the following words shall have the meanings ascribed to them:
    "Acquiesce" or "permit" means actual knowledge that the motor vehicle was to be used for the purpose of street racing.
    "Street racing" means:
        (1) The operation of 2 or more vehicles from a point
    
side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other; or
        (2) The operation of one or more vehicles over a
    
common selected course, each starting at the same point, for the purpose of comparing the relative speeds or power of acceleration of such vehicle or vehicles within a certain distance or time limit; or
        (3) The use of one or more vehicles in an attempt to
    
outgain or outdistance another vehicle; or
        (4) The use of one or more vehicles to prevent
    
another vehicle from passing; or
        (5) The use of one or more vehicles to arrive at a
    
given destination ahead of another vehicle or vehicles; or
        (6) The use of one or more vehicles to test the
    
physical stamina or endurance of drivers over long-distance driving routes.
    (d) Penalties.
        (1) Any person who is convicted of a violation of
    
subsection (a) shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for the first offense and shall be subject to a minimum fine of $250. Any person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) a second or subsequent time shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony and shall be subject to a minimum fine of $500. The driver's license of any person convicted of subsection (a) shall be revoked in the manner provided by Section 6-205 of this Code.
        (2) Any person who is convicted of a violation of
    
subsection (b) shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. Any person who is convicted of subsection (b) for a second or subsequent time shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
        (3) Every person convicted of committing a violation
    
of subsection (a) of this Section shall be guilty of aggravated street racing if the person, in committing a violation of subsection (a) was involved in a motor vehicle accident that resulted in great bodily harm or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, where the violation was a proximate cause of the injury. Aggravated street racing is a Class 4 felony for which the defendant, if sentenced to a term of imprisonment shall be sentenced to not less than one year nor more than 12 years.
(Source: P.A. 95-310, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-507

    (625 ILCS 5/11-507)
    Sec. 11-507. Supervising a minor driver while under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof.
    (a) A person shall not accompany or provide instruction, pursuant to subsection (a) of Section 6-107.1 of this Code, to a driver who is a minor and driving a motor vehicle pursuant to an instruction permit under Section 6-107.1 of this Code, while:
        (1) the alcohol concentration in the person's blood,
    
other bodily substance, or breath is 0.08 or more based on the definition of blood and breath units in Section 11-501.2 of this Code;
        (2) under the influence of alcohol;
        (3) under the influence of any intoxicating compound
    
or combination of intoxicating compounds to a degree that renders the person incapable of properly supervising or providing instruction to the minor driver;
        (4) under the influence of any other drug or
    
combination of drugs to a degree that renders the person incapable of properly supervising or providing instruction to the minor driver;
        (5) under the combined influence of alcohol, other
    
drug or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds to a degree that renders the person incapable of properly supervising or providing instruction to the minor driver; or
        (6) there is any amount of a drug, substance, or
    
compound in the person's breath, blood, other bodily substance, or urine resulting from the unlawful use or consumption of cannabis listed in the Cannabis Control Act, a controlled substance listed in the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, an intoxicating compound listed in the Use of Intoxicating Compounds Act, or methamphetamine as listed in the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act.
    (b) A person found guilty of violating this Section is guilty of an offense against the regulations governing the movement of vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 99-697, eff. 7-29-16.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. VI

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI. SPEED RESTRICTIONS

625 ILCS 5/11-601

    (625 ILCS 5/11-601) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-601)
    Sec. 11-601. General speed restrictions.
    (a) No vehicle may be driven upon any highway of this State at a speed which is greater than is reasonable and proper with regard to traffic conditions and the use of the highway, or endangers the safety of any person or property. The fact that the speed of a vehicle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed when approaching and crossing an intersection, approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hill crest, when traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway, or when special hazard exists with respect to pedestrians or other traffic or by reason of weather or highway conditions. Speed must be decreased as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person or vehicle on or entering the highway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
    (a-5) For purposes of this Section, "urban district" does not include any interstate highway as defined by Section 1-133.1 of this Code which includes all highways under the jurisdiction of the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority.
    (b) No person may drive a vehicle upon any highway of this State at a speed which is greater than the applicable statutory maximum speed limit established by paragraphs (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g) of this Section, by Section 11-605 or by a regulation or ordinance made under this Chapter.
    (c) Unless some other speed restriction is established under this Chapter, the maximum speed limit in an urban district for all vehicles is:
        1. 30 miles per hour; and
        2. 15 miles per hour in an alley.
    (d) Unless some other speed restriction is established under this Chapter, the maximum speed limit outside an urban district for any vehicle is (1) 65 miles per hour for all or part of highways that are designated by the Department, have at least 4 lanes of traffic, and have a separation between the roadways moving in opposite directions and (2) 55 miles per hour for all other highways, roads, and streets.
    (d-1) Unless some other speed restriction is established under this Chapter, the maximum speed limit outside an urban district for any vehicle is (1) 70 miles per hour on any interstate highway as defined by Section 1-133.1 of this Code which includes all highways under the jurisdiction of the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority; (2) 65 miles per hour for all or part of highways that are designated by the Department, have at least 4 lanes of traffic, and have a separation between the roadways moving in opposite directions; and (3) 55 miles per hour for all other highways, roads, and streets. The counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, Madison, McHenry, St. Clair, and Will may adopt ordinances setting a maximum speed limit on highways, roads, and streets that is lower than the limits established by this Section.
    (e) In the counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will, unless some lesser speed restriction is established under this Chapter, the maximum speed limit outside an urban district for a second division vehicle designed or used for the carrying of a gross weight of 8,001 pounds or more (including the weight of the vehicle and maximum load) is 60 miles per hour on any interstate highway as defined by Section 1-133.1 of this Code and 55 miles per hour on all other highways, roads, and streets.
    (e-1) (Blank).
    (f) Unless some other speed restriction is established under this Chapter, the maximum speed limit outside an urban district for a bus is:
        1. 65 miles per hour upon any highway which has at
    
least 4 lanes of traffic and of which the roadways for traffic moving in opposite directions are separated by a strip of ground which is not surfaced or suitable for vehicular traffic, except that the maximum speed limit for a bus on all highways, roads, or streets not under the jurisdiction of the Department or the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority is 55 miles per hour;
        1.5. 70 miles per hour upon any interstate highway as
    
defined by Section 1-133.1 of this Code outside the counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will; and
        2. 55 miles per hour on any other highway.
    (g) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 98-511, eff. 1-1-14; 98-1126, eff. 1-1-15; 98-1128, eff. 1-1-15; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/11-601.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-601.5)
    Sec. 11-601.5. Driving 26 miles per hour or more in excess of applicable limit.
    (a) A person who drives a vehicle upon any highway of this State at a speed that is 26 miles per hour or more but less than 35 miles per hour in excess of the applicable maximum speed limit established under this Chapter or a local ordinance commits a Class B misdemeanor.
    (b) A person who drives a vehicle upon any highway of this State at a speed that is 35 miles per hour or more in excess of the applicable maximum speed limit established under this Chapter or a local ordinance commits a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 98-511, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-602

    (625 ILCS 5/11-602) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-602)
    Sec. 11-602. Alteration of limits by Department. Whenever the Department determines, upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation concerning any highway for which the Department has maintenance responsibility, that a maximum speed limit prescribed in Section 11-601 of this Chapter is greater or less than is reasonable or safe with respect to the conditions found to exist at any intersection or other place on such highway or along any part or zone thereof, the Department shall determine and declare a reasonable and safe absolute maximum speed limit applicable to such intersection or place, or along such part or zone. However, such limit shall conform with the maximum speed limit restrictions provided for in Section 11-601 of this Code. Where a highway under the Department's jurisdiction is contiguous to school property, the Department may, at the school district's request, set a reduced maximum speed limit for student safety purposes in the portion of the highway that faces the school property and in the portions of the highway that extend one-quarter mile in each direction from the opposite ends of the school property. A limit determined and declared as provided in this Section becomes effective, and suspends the applicability of the limit prescribed in Section 11-601 of this Chapter, when appropriate signs giving notice of the limit are erected at such intersection or other place, or along such part or zone of the highway. Electronic speed-detecting devices shall not be used within 500 feet beyond any such sign in the direction of travel; if so used in violation hereof, evidence obtained thereby shall be inadmissible in any prosecution for speeding. However, nothing in this Section prohibits the use of such electronic speed-detecting devices within 500 feet of a sign within a special school speed zone indicating such zone, conforming to the requirements of Section 11-605 of this Act, nor shall evidence obtained thereby be inadmissible in any prosecution for speeding provided the use of such device shall apply only to the enforcement of the speed limit in such special school speed zone.
(Source: P.A. 98-511, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-603

    (625 ILCS 5/11-603) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-603)
    Sec. 11-603. Alteration of limits by Toll Highway Authority. Whenever the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority determines, upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation concerning a toll highway under its jurisdiction, that a maximum speed limit prescribed in Section 11-601 of this Chapter is greater or less than is reasonable or safe with respect to conditions found to exist at any place or along any part or zone of such highway, the Authority shall determine and declare by regulation a reasonable and safe absolute maximum speed limit at such place or along such part or zone, and the speed limit shall conform with the maximum speed limit restrictions provided for in Section 11-601 of this Code. A limit so determined and declared becomes effective, and suspends the application of the limit prescribed in Section 11-601 of this Chapter, when (a) the Department concurs in writing with the Authority's regulation, and (b) appropriate signs giving notice of the limit are erected at such place or along such part or zone of the highway. Electronic speed-detecting devices shall not be used within 500 feet beyond any such sign in the direction of travel; if so used in violation hereof, evidence obtained thereby shall be inadmissible in any prosecution for speeding.
(Source: P.A. 98-511, eff. 1-1-14.)