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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 heading)
CHAPTER 11. RULES OF THE ROAD

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. I

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. SPECIAL DEFINITIONS

625 ILCS 5/11-100

    (625 ILCS 5/11-100) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-100)
    Sec. 11-100. Definition of Administrator. For the purposes of this Chapter, "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Illinois Safety and Family Financial Responsibility Law in Chapter 7 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 89-92, eff. 7-1-96; 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT
OF TRAFFIC LAWS

625 ILCS 5/11-201

    (625 ILCS 5/11-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-201)
    Sec. 11-201. Provisions of act refer to vehicles upon the highways-Exceptions.
    The provisions of this Chapter relating to the operation of vehicles refer exclusively to the operation of vehicles upon highways except:
    1. Where a different place is specifically referred to in a given section.
    2. The provisions of Articles IV and V of this Chapter shall apply upon highways and elsewhere throughout the State.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-202

    (625 ILCS 5/11-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-202)
    Sec. 11-202. Required obedience to traffic laws.
    It is unlawful and, unless otherwise declared in this Chapter with respect to particular offenses, it is a petty offense for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-911.)

625 ILCS 5/11-203

    (625 ILCS 5/11-203) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-203)
    Sec. 11-203. Obedience to police officers. No person shall wilfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any police officer, fireman, person authorized by a local authority to direct traffic, or school crossing guard invested by law with authority to direct, control, or regulate traffic. Any person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a petty offense and shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $150.
(Source: P.A. 98-396, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-204

    (625 ILCS 5/11-204) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-204)
    Sec. 11-204. Fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer.
    (a) Any driver or operator of a motor vehicle who, having been given a visual or audible signal by a peace officer directing such driver or operator to bring his vehicle to a stop, wilfully fails or refuses to obey such direction, increases his speed, extinguishes his lights, or otherwise flees or attempts to elude the officer, is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. The signal given by the peace officer may be by hand, voice, siren, red or blue light. Provided, the officer giving such signal shall be in police uniform, and, if driving a vehicle, such vehicle shall display illuminated oscillating, rotating or flashing red or blue lights which when used in conjunction with an audible horn or siren would indicate the vehicle to be an official police vehicle. Such requirement shall not preclude the use of amber or white oscillating, rotating or flashing lights in conjunction with red or blue oscillating, rotating or flashing lights as required in Section 12-215 of Chapter 12.
    (b) Upon receiving notice of such conviction the Secretary of State shall suspend the drivers license of the person so convicted for a period of not more than 6 months for a first conviction and not more than 12 months for a second conviction.
    (c) A third or subsequent violation of this Section is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 93-120, eff. 1-1-04.)

625 ILCS 5/11-204.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-204.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-204.1)
    Sec. 11-204.1. Aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer.
    (a) The offense of aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer is committed by any driver or operator of a motor vehicle who flees or attempts to elude a peace officer, after being given a visual or audible signal by a peace officer in the manner prescribed in subsection (a) of Section 11-204 of this Code, and such flight or attempt to elude:
        (1) is at a rate of speed at least 21 miles per hour
    
over the legal speed limit;
        (2) causes bodily injury to any individual;
        (3) causes damage in excess of $300 to property;
        (4) involves disobedience of 2 or more official
    
traffic control devices; or
        (5) involves the concealing or altering of the
    
vehicle's registration plate.
    (b) Any person convicted of a first violation of this Section shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony. Upon notice of such a conviction the Secretary of State shall forthwith revoke the driver's license of the person so convicted, as provided in Section 6-205 of this Code. Any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of this Section shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony, and upon notice of such a conviction the Secretary of State shall forthwith revoke the driver's license of the person convicted, as provided in Section 6-205 of the Code.
    (c) The motor vehicle used in a violation of this Section is subject to seizure and forfeiture as provided in Sections 36-1 and 36-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-205

    (625 ILCS 5/11-205) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-205)
    Sec. 11-205. Public officers and employees to obey Act-Exceptions.
    (a) The provisions of this Chapter applicable to the drivers of vehicles upon the highways shall apply to the drivers of all vehicles owned or operated by the United States, this State or any county, city, town, district or any other political subdivision of the State, except as provided in this Section and subject to such specific exceptions as set forth in this Chapter with reference to authorized emergency vehicles.
    (b) The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call or when in the pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law or when responding to but not upon returning from a fire alarm, may exercise the privileges set forth in this Section, but subject to the conditions herein stated.
    (c) The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle may:
        1. Park or stand, irrespective of the provisions of
    
this Chapter;
        2. Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign,
    
but only after slowing down as may be required and necessary for safe operation;
        3. Exceed the maximum speed limits so long as he does
    
not endanger life or property;
        4. Disregard regulations governing direction of
    
movement or turning in specified directions.
    (d) The exceptions herein granted to an authorized emergency vehicle, other than a police vehicle, shall apply only when the vehicle is making use of either an audible signal when in motion or visual signals meeting the requirements of Section 12-215 of this Act.
    (e) The foregoing provisions do not relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty of driving with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor do such provisions protect the driver from the consequences of his reckless disregard for the safety of others.
    (f) Unless specifically made applicable, the provisions of this Chapter, except those contained in Section 11-204 and Articles IV and V of this Chapter, shall not apply to persons, motor vehicles and equipment while actually engaged in work upon a highway but shall apply to such persons and vehicles when traveling to or from such work.
(Source: P.A. 89-710, eff. 2-14-97; 90-257, eff. 7-30-97.)

625 ILCS 5/11-206

    (625 ILCS 5/11-206) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-206)
    Sec. 11-206. Traffic laws apply to persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles.
    Every person riding an animal or driving any animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter, except those provisions of this chapter which by their very nature can have no application.
(Source: P.A. 79-858.)

625 ILCS 5/11-207

    (625 ILCS 5/11-207) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-207)
    Sec. 11-207. Provisions of this Chapter uniform throughout State. The provisions of this Chapter shall be applicable and uniform throughout this State and in all political subdivisions and municipalities therein, and no local authority shall enact or enforce any ordinance rule or regulation in conflict with the provisions of this Chapter unless expressly authorized herein. Local authorities may, however, adopt additional traffic regulations which are not in conflict with the provisions of this Chapter, but such regulations shall not be effective until signs giving reasonable notice thereof are posted.
(Source: P.A. 92-651, eff. 7-11-02.)

625 ILCS 5/11-208

    (625 ILCS 5/11-208) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-208)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 98-396)
    Sec. 11-208. Powers of local authorities.
    (a) The provisions of this Code shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from:
        1. Regulating the standing or parking of vehicles,
    
except as limited by Sections 11-1306 and 11-1307 of this Act;
        2. Regulating traffic by means of police officers or
    
traffic control signals;
        3. Regulating or prohibiting processions or
    
assemblages on the highways; and certifying persons to control traffic for processions or assemblages;
        4. Designating particular highways as one-way
    
highways and requiring that all vehicles thereon be moved in one specific direction;
        5. Regulating the speed of vehicles in public parks
    
subject to the limitations set forth in Section 11-604;
        6. Designating any highway as a through highway, as
    
authorized in Section 11-302, and requiring that all vehicles stop before entering or crossing the same or designating any intersection as a stop intersection or a yield right-of-way intersection and requiring all vehicles to stop or yield the right-of-way at one or more entrances to such intersections;
        7. Restricting the use of highways as authorized in
    
Chapter 15;
        8. Regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring
    
the registration and licensing of same, including the requirement of a registration fee;
        9. Regulating or prohibiting the turning of vehicles
    
or specified types of vehicles at intersections;
        10. Altering the speed limits as authorized in
    
Section 11-604;
        11. Prohibiting U-turns;
        12. Prohibiting pedestrian crossings at other than
    
designated and marked crosswalks or at intersections;
        13. Prohibiting parking during snow removal operation;
        14. Imposing fines in accordance with Section
    
11-1301.3 as penalties for use of any parking place reserved for persons with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, or disabled veterans by any person using a motor vehicle not bearing registration plates specified in Section 11-1301.1 or a special decal or device as defined in Section 11-1301.2 as evidence that the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities or disabled veteran;
        15. Adopting such other traffic regulations as are
    
specifically authorized by this Code; or
        16. Enforcing the provisions of subsection (f) of
    
Section 3-413 of this Code or a similar local ordinance.
    (b) No ordinance or regulation enacted under subsections 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11 or 13 of paragraph (a) shall be effective until signs giving reasonable notice of such local traffic regulations are posted.
    (c) The provisions of this Code shall not prevent any municipality having a population of 500,000 or more inhabitants from prohibiting any person from driving or operating any motor vehicle upon the roadways of such municipality with headlamps on high beam or bright.
    (d) The provisions of this Code shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities within the reasonable exercise of their police power from prohibiting, on private property, the unauthorized use of parking spaces reserved for persons with disabilities.
    (e) No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may enact or enforce an ordinance that applies only to motorcycles if the principal purpose for that ordinance is to restrict the access of motorcycles to any highway or portion of a highway for which federal or State funds have been used for the planning, design, construction, or maintenance of that highway. No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may enact an ordinance requiring motorcycle users to wear protective headgear. Nothing in this subsection (e) shall affect the authority of a unit of local government to regulate motorcycles for traffic control purposes or in accordance with Section 12-602 of this Code. No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may regulate motorcycles in a manner inconsistent with this Code. This subsection (e) is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
    (f) A municipality or county designated in Section 11-208.6 may enact an ordinance providing for an automated traffic law enforcement system to enforce violations of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance and imposing liability on a registered owner or lessee of a vehicle used in such a violation.
    (g) A municipality or county, as provided in Section 11-1201.1, may enact an ordinance providing for an automated traffic law enforcement system to enforce violations of Section 11-1201 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance and imposing liability on a registered owner of a vehicle used in such a violation.
    (h) A municipality designated in Section 11-208.8 may enact an ordinance providing for an automated speed enforcement system to enforce violations of Article VI of Chapter 11 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
(Source: P.A. 97-29, eff. 1-1-12; 97-672, eff. 7-1-12; 98-396, eff. 1-1-14.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 98-556)
    Sec. 11-208. Powers of local authorities.
    (a) The provisions of this Code shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from:
        1. Regulating the standing or parking of vehicles,
    
except as limited by Sections 11-1306 and 11-1307 of this Act;
        2. Regulating traffic by means of police officers or
    
traffic control signals;
        3. Regulating or prohibiting processions or
    
assemblages on the highways;
        4. Designating particular highways as one-way
    
highways and requiring that all vehicles thereon be moved in one specific direction;
        5. Regulating the speed of vehicles in public parks
    
subject to the limitations set forth in Section 11-604;
        6. Designating any highway as a through highway, as
    
authorized in Section 11-302, and requiring that all vehicles stop before entering or crossing the same or designating any intersection as a stop intersection or a yield right-of-way intersection and requiring all vehicles to stop or yield the right-of-way at one or more entrances to such intersections;
        7. Restricting the use of highways as authorized in
    
Chapter 15;
        8. Regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring
    
the registration and licensing of same, including the requirement of a registration fee;
        9. Regulating or prohibiting the turning of vehicles
    
or specified types of vehicles at intersections;
        10. Altering the speed limits as authorized in
    
Section 11-604;
        11. Prohibiting U-turns;
        12. Prohibiting pedestrian crossings at other than
    
designated and marked crosswalks or at intersections;
        13. Prohibiting parking during snow removal operation;
        14. Imposing fines in accordance with Section
    
11-1301.3 as penalties for use of any parking place reserved for persons with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, or disabled veterans by any person using a motor vehicle not bearing registration plates specified in Section 11-1301.1 or a special decal or device as defined in Section 11-1301.2 as evidence that the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities or disabled veteran;
        15. Adopting such other traffic regulations as are
    
specifically authorized by this Code; or
        16. Enforcing the provisions of subsection (f) of
    
Section 3-413 of this Code or a similar local ordinance.
    (b) No ordinance or regulation enacted under subsections 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11 or 13 of paragraph (a) shall be effective until signs giving reasonable notice of such local traffic regulations are posted.
    (c) The provisions of this Code shall not prevent any municipality having a population of 500,000 or more inhabitants from prohibiting any person from driving or operating any motor vehicle upon the roadways of such municipality with headlamps on high beam or bright.
    (d) The provisions of this Code shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities within the reasonable exercise of their police power from prohibiting, on private property, the unauthorized use of parking spaces reserved for persons with disabilities.
    (e) No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may enact or enforce an ordinance that applies only to motorcycles if the principal purpose for that ordinance is to restrict the access of motorcycles to any highway or portion of a highway for which federal or State funds have been used for the planning, design, construction, or maintenance of that highway. No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may enact an ordinance requiring motorcycle users to wear protective headgear. Nothing in this subsection (e) shall affect the authority of a unit of local government to regulate motorcycles for traffic control purposes or in accordance with Section 12-602 of this Code. No unit of local government, including a home rule unit, may regulate motorcycles in a manner inconsistent with this Code. This subsection (e) is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
    (f) A municipality or county designated in Section 11-208.6 may enact an ordinance providing for an automated traffic law enforcement system to enforce violations of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance and imposing liability on a registered owner or lessee of a vehicle used in such a violation.
    (g) A municipality or county, as provided in Section 11-1201.1, may enact an ordinance providing for an automated traffic law enforcement system to enforce violations of Section 11-1201 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance and imposing liability on a registered owner of a vehicle used in such a violation.
    (h) A municipality designated in Section 11-208.8 may enact an ordinance providing for an automated speed enforcement system to enforce violations of Article VI of Chapter 11 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
    (i) A municipality or county designated in Section 11-208.9 may enact an ordinance providing for an automated traffic law enforcement system to enforce violations of Section 11-1414 of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance and imposing liability on a registered owner or lessee of a vehicle used in such a violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-29, eff. 1-1-12; 97-672, eff. 7-1-12; 98-556, eff. 1-1-14.)