Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-209

    (625 ILCS 5/11-209) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-209)
    Sec. 11-209. Powers of municipalities and counties - Contract with school boards, hospitals, churches, condominium complex unit owners' associations, and commercial and industrial facility, shopping center, and apartment complex owners for regulation of traffic.
    (a) The corporate authorities of any municipality or the county board of any county, and a school board, hospital, church, condominium complex unit owners' association, or owner of any commercial and industrial facility, shopping center, or apartment complex which controls a parking area located within the limits of the municipality, or outside the limits of the municipality and within the boundaries of the county, may, by contract, empower the municipality or county to regulate the parking of automobiles and the traffic at such parking area. Such contract shall empower the municipality or county to accomplish all or any part of the following:
        1. The erection of stop signs, flashing signals,
    
person with disabilities parking area signs or yield signs at specified locations in a parking area and the adoption of appropriate regulations thereto pertaining, or the designation of any intersection in the parking area as a stop intersection or as a yield intersection and the ordering of like signs or signals at one or more entrances to such intersection, subject to the provisions of this Chapter.
        2. The prohibition or regulation of the turning of
    
vehicles or specified types of vehicles at intersections or other designated locations in the parking area.
        3. The regulation of a crossing of any roadway in the
    
parking area by pedestrians.
        4. The designation of any separate roadway in the
    
parking area for one-way traffic.
        5. The establishment and regulation of loading zones.
        6. The prohibition, regulation, restriction or
    
limitation of the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles in specified areas of the parking area.
        7. The designation of safety zones in the parking
    
area and fire lanes.
        8. Providing for the removal and storage of vehicles
    
parked or abandoned in the parking area during snowstorms, floods, fires, or other public emergencies, or found unattended in the parking area, (a) where they constitute an obstruction to traffic, or (b) where stopping, standing or parking is prohibited, and for the payment of reasonable charges for such removal and storage by the owner or operator of any such vehicle.
        9. Providing that the cost of planning, installation,
    
maintenance and enforcement of parking and traffic regulations pursuant to any contract entered into under the authority of this paragraph (a) of this Section be borne by the municipality or county, or by the school board, hospital, church, property owner, apartment complex owner, or condominium complex unit owners' association, or that a percentage of the cost be shared by the parties to the contract.
        10. Causing the installation of parking meters on the
    
parking area and establishing whether the expense of installing said parking meters and maintenance thereof shall be that of the municipality or county, or that of the school board, hospital, church, condominium complex unit owners' association, shopping center or apartment complex owner. All moneys obtained from such parking meters as may be installed on any parking area shall belong to the municipality or county.
        11. Causing the installation of parking signs in
    
accordance with Section 11-301 in areas of the parking lots covered by this Section and where desired by the person contracting with the appropriate authority listed in paragraph (a) of this Section, indicating that such parking spaces are reserved for persons with disabilities.
        12. Contracting for such additional reasonable rules
    
and regulations with respect to traffic and parking in a parking area as local conditions may require for the safety and convenience of the public or of the users of the parking area.
    (b) No contract entered into pursuant to this Section shall exceed a period of 20 years. No lessee of a shopping center or apartment complex shall enter into such a contract for a longer period of time than the length of his lease.
    (c) Any contract entered into pursuant to this Section shall be recorded in the office of the recorder in the county in which the parking area is located, and no regulation made pursuant to the contract shall be effective or enforceable until 3 days after the contract is so recorded.
    (d) At such time as parking and traffic regulations have been established at any parking area pursuant to the contract as provided for in this Section, then it shall be a petty offense for any person to do any act forbidden or to fail to perform any act required by such parking or traffic regulation. If the violation is the parking in a parking space reserved for persons with disabilities under paragraph (11) of this Section, by a person without special registration plates issued to a person with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, pursuant to Section 3-616 of this Code, or to a veteran with a disability pursuant to Section 3-609 of this Code, the local police of the contracting corporate municipal authorities shall issue a parking ticket to such parking violator and issue a fine in accordance with Section 11-1301.3.
    (e) The term "shopping center", as used in this Section, means premises having one or more stores or business establishments in connection with which there is provided on privately-owned property near or contiguous thereto an area, or areas, of land used by the public as the means of access to and egress from the stores and business establishments on such premises and for the parking of motor vehicles of customers and patrons of such stores and business establishments on such premises.
    (f) The term "parking area", as used in this Section, means an area, or areas, of land near or contiguous to a school, church, or hospital building, shopping center, apartment complex, or condominium complex, but not the public highways or alleys, and used by the public as the means of access to and egress from such buildings and the stores and business establishments at a shopping center and for the parking of motor vehicles.
    (g) The terms "owner", "property owner", "shopping center owner", and "apartment complex owner", as used in this Section, mean the actual legal owner of the shopping center parking area or apartment complex, the trust officer of a banking institution having the right to manage and control such property, or a person having the legal right, through lease or otherwise, to manage or control the property.
    (g-5) The term "condominium complex unit owners' association", as used in this Section, means a "unit owners' association" as defined in Section 2 of the Condominium Property Act.
    (h) The term "fire lane", as used in this Section, means travel lanes for the fire fighting equipment upon which there shall be no standing or parking of any motor vehicle at any time so that fire fighting equipment can move freely thereon.
    (i) The term "apartment complex", as used in this Section, means premises having one or more apartments in connection with which there is provided on privately-owned property near or contiguous thereto an area, or areas, of land used by occupants of such apartments or their guests as a means of access to and egress from such apartments or for the parking of motor vehicles of such occupants or their guests.
    (j) The term "condominium complex", as used in this Section, means the units, common elements, and limited common elements that are located on the parcels, as those terms are defined in Section 2 of the Condominium Property Act.
    (k) The term "commercial and industrial facility", as used in this Section, means a premises containing one or more commercial and industrial facility establishments in connection with which there is provided on privately-owned property near or contiguous to the premises an area or areas of land used by the public as the means of access to and egress from the commercial and industrial facility establishment on the premises and for the parking of motor vehicles of customers, patrons, and employees of the commercial and industrial facility establishment on the premises.
    (l) The provisions of this Section shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities from enforcing, on private property, local ordinances imposing fines, in accordance with Section 11-1301.3, as penalties for use of any parking place reserved for persons with disabilities, as defined by Section 1-159.1, or veterans with disabilities by any person using a motor vehicle not bearing registration plates specified in Section 11-1301.1 or a special decal or device as defined in Section 11-1301.2 as evidence that the vehicle is operated by or for a person with disabilities or a veteran with a disability.
    This amendatory Act of 1972 is not a prohibition upon the contractual and associational powers granted by Article VII, Section 10 of the Illinois Constitution.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

625 ILCS 5/11-209.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-209.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-209.1)
    Sec. 11-209.1. Powers of local authorities - enforcing the provisions of this Code on private streets and roads. (a) Any person or board of directors owning, operating or representing a residential subdivision, development, apartment house or apartment project; containing a minimum of 10 apartments or single family residences may file a written request, with the appropriate local authority wherein such property is situated, requesting their law enforcement agency enforce the provisions of this Code on all private streets or roads open to or used by the tenants, owners, employees or the public for the purposes of vehicular traffic by permission of such person or board of directors and not as a matter of public right. Notwithstanding Section 1-126 and Section 1-201 of this Code, if the local authority grants such request by the adoption of an enabling ordinance then all such private streets or roads shall be considered "highways" only for the enforcement purposes of this Code.
    (b) All regulations adopted and traffic control devices employed by a local authority in the enforcement of this Code on such streets or roads within any private area, pursuant to this Section, shall be consistent with the provisions of this Code and shall conform to the Illinois Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
    A local authority may require that any person who files a request for the installation of traffic signs pay for the cost of such traffic signs. Such traffic signs shall be in conformity with Section 11-604 of this Code.
    (c) Any person or board of directors which has filed such a request under this Section, may rescind that request by filing with the appropriate local authority a written request for such rescission. Upon receipt of the written request, the local authority shall subsequently repeal the original enabling ordinance. Such repeal shall not take effect until the first day of January following any such action by the local authorities. However, no such rescission request may be filed within 12 months of the date of the original written request.
    (d) The filing of a written request or the adoption of the enabling ordinance under this Section in no way constitutes a dedication to public use of any street, road, driveway, trail, terrace, bridle path, parkway, parking area, or other roadway open to or used by vehicular traffic, nor does it prevent such person or board of directors, as owners of such property, from requiring additional regulations than those specified by the local authorities or otherwise regulating such use as may seem best to such person or board of directors as long as they do not conflict with the powers granted to local authorities under Section 11-208 of this Code.
    (e) This amendatory act of 1972 is not a prohibition upon the contractual and associational powers granted by Article VII, Section 10 of the Illinois Constitution.
(Source: P.A. 86-521.)

625 ILCS 5/11-210

    (625 ILCS 5/11-210) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-210)
    Sec. 11-210. This Chapter not to interfere with rights of owners of real property with reference thereto.
    Nothing in this Chapter shall be construed to prevent the owner of real property used by the public for purposes of vehicular travel by permission of the owner and not as matter of right from prohibiting such use, or from requiring other or different or additional conditions than those specified in this Chapter, or otherwise regulating such use as may seem best to such owner.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-211

    (625 ILCS 5/11-211) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-211)
    Sec. 11-211. Local Laws.
    No owner of a motor vehicle shall be limited as to speed upon any public place, at any time when the same is or may hereafter be opened to the use of persons having or using other vehicles, nor be required to comply with other provisions or conditions as to the use of such motor vehicles except as in this Chapter provided, and except as is provided in this Act.
(Source: P.A. 77-1344.)

625 ILCS 5/11-212

    (625 ILCS 5/11-212)
    Sec. 11-212. Traffic and pedestrian stop statistical study.
    (a) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer issues a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, he or she shall record at least the following:
        (1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's
    
subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;
        (2) the alleged traffic violation that led to the
    
stop of the motorist;
        (3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;
        (4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the
    
vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;
        (5) the location of the traffic stop;
        (5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous
    
to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;
        (6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the
    
stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;
        (6.2) whether or not a police dog performed a sniff
    
of the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not the dog alerted to the presence of contraband; and, if so, whether or not an officer searched the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not contraband was discovered; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband;
        (6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a
    
search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and
        (7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.
    (b) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer stops a motorist for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code and does not issue a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, he or she shall complete a uniform stop card, which includes field contact cards, or any other existing form currently used by law enforcement containing information required pursuant to this Act, that records at least the following:
        (1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's
    
subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;
        (2) the reason that led to the stop of the motorist;
        (3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;
        (4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the
    
vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;
        (5) the location of the traffic stop;
        (5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous
    
to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;
        (6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the
    
stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;
        (6.2) whether or not a police dog performed a sniff
    
of the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not the dog alerted to the presence of contraband; and, if so, whether or not an officer searched the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not contraband was discovered; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband;
        (6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a
    
search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and
        (7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.
    (b-5) For purposes of this subsection (b-5), "detention" means all frisks, searches, summons, and arrests. Whenever a law enforcement officer subjects a pedestrian to detention in a public place, he or she shall complete a uniform pedestrian stop card, which includes any existing form currently used by law enforcement containing all the information required under this Section, that records at least the following:
        (1) the gender, and the officer's subjective
    
determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;
        (2) all the alleged reasons that led to the stop of
    
the person;
        (3) the date and time of the stop;
        (4) the location of the stop;
        (5) whether or not a protective pat down or frisk was
    
conducted of the person; and, if so, all the alleged reasons that led to the protective pat down or frisk, and whether it was with consent or by other means;
        (6) whether or not contraband was found during the
    
protective pat down or frisk; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized;
        (7) whether or not a search beyond a protective pat
    
down or frisk was conducted of the person or his or her effects; and, if so, all the alleged reasons that led to the search, and whether it was with consent or by other means;
        (8) whether or not contraband was found during the
    
search beyond a protective pat down or frisk; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized;
        (9) the disposition of the stop, such as a warning, a
    
ticket, a summons, or an arrest;
        (10) if a summons or ticket was issued, or an arrest
    
made, a record of the violations, offenses, or crimes alleged or charged; and
        (11) the name and badge number of the officer who
    
conducted the detention.
    This subsection (b-5) does not apply to searches or inspections for compliance authorized under the Fish and Aquatic Life Code, the Wildlife Code, the Herptiles-Herps Act, or searches or inspections during routine security screenings at facilities or events.
    (c) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall provide a standardized law enforcement data compilation form on its website.
    (d) Every law enforcement agency shall, by March 1 with regard to data collected during July through December of the previous calendar year and by August 1 with regard to data collected during January through June of the current calendar year, compile the data described in subsections (a), (b), and (b-5) on the standardized law enforcement data compilation form provided by the Illinois Department of Transportation and transmit the data to the Department.
    (e) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall analyze the data provided by law enforcement agencies required by this Section and submit a report of the previous year's findings to the Governor, the General Assembly, the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Board, and each law enforcement agency no later than July 1 of each year. The Illinois Department of Transportation may contract with an outside entity for the analysis of the data provided. In analyzing the data collected under this Section, the analyzing entity shall scrutinize the data for evidence of statistically significant aberrations. The following list, which is illustrative, and not exclusive, contains examples of areas in which statistically significant aberrations may be found:
        (1) The percentage of minority drivers, passengers,
    
or pedestrians being stopped in a given area is substantially higher than the proportion of the overall population in or traveling through the area that the minority constitutes.
        (2) A substantial number of false stops including
    
stops not resulting in the issuance of a traffic ticket or the making of an arrest.
        (3) A disparity between the proportion of citations
    
issued to minorities and proportion of minorities in the population.
        (4) A disparity among the officers of the same law
    
enforcement agency with regard to the number of minority drivers, passengers, or pedestrians being stopped in a given area.
        (5) A disparity between the frequency of searches
    
performed on minority drivers or pedestrians and the frequency of searches performed on non-minority drivers or pedestrians.
    (f) Any law enforcement officer identification information and driver or pedestrian identification information that is compiled by any law enforcement agency or the Illinois Department of Transportation pursuant to this Act for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section. This Section shall not exempt those materials that, prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, were available under the Freedom of Information Act. This subsection (f) shall not preclude law enforcement agencies from reviewing data to perform internal reviews.
    (g) Funding to implement this Section shall come from federal highway safety funds available to Illinois, as directed by the Governor.
    (h) The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, in consultation with law enforcement agencies, officials, and organizations, including Illinois chiefs of police, the Department of State Police, the Illinois Sheriffs Association, and the Chicago Police Department, and community groups and other experts, shall undertake a study to determine the best use of technology to collect, compile, and analyze the traffic stop statistical study data required by this Section. The Department shall report its findings and recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly by March 1, 2022.
    (h-1) The Traffic and Pedestrian Stop Data Use and Collection Task Force is hereby created.
        (1) The Task Force shall undertake a study to
    
determine the best use of technology to collect, compile, and analyze the traffic stop statistical study data required by this Section.
        (2) The Task Force shall be an independent Task Force
    
under the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority for administrative purposes, and shall consist of the following members:
            (A) 2 academics or researchers who have studied
        
issues related to traffic or pedestrian stop data collection and have education or expertise in statistics;
            (B) one professor from an Illinois university who
        
specializes in policing and racial equity;
            (C) one representative from the Illinois State
        
Police;
            (D) one representative from the Chicago Police
        
Department;
            (E) one representative from the Illinois Chiefs
        
of Police;
            (F) one representative from the Illinois Sheriffs
        
Association;
            (G) one representative from the Chicago Fraternal
        
Order of Police;
            (H) one representative from the Illinois
        
Fraternal Order of Police;
            (I) the Executive Director of the American Civil
        
Liberties Union of Illinois, or his or her designee; and
            (J) 5 representatives from different community
        
organizations who specialize in civil or human rights, policing, or criminal justice reform work, and that represent a range of minority interests or different parts of the State.
        (3) The Illinois Criminal Justice Information
    
Authority may consult, contract, work in conjunction with, and obtain any information from any individual, agency, association, or research institution deemed appropriate by the Authority.
        (4) The Task Force shall report its findings and
    
recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly by March 1, 2022 and every 3 years after.
    (h-5) For purposes of this Section:
        (1) "American Indian or Alaska Native" means a person
    
having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America, including Central America, and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
        (2) "Asian" means a person having origins in any of
    
the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, but not limited to, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
        (2.5) "Badge" means an officer's department issued
    
identification number associated with his or her position as a police officer with that department.
        (3) "Black or African American" means a person having
    
origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Terms such as "Haitian" or "Negro" can be used in addition to "Black or African American".
        (4) "Hispanic or Latino" means a person of Cuban,
    
Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
        (5) "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" means
    
a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
        (6) "White" means a person having origins in any of
    
the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
    (i) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 101-24, eff. 6-21-19.)

625 ILCS 5/11-213

    (625 ILCS 5/11-213)
    Sec. 11-213. Power of a fire department officer; highway or lane closure. In the absence of a law enforcement officer or a representative of the highway agency having jurisdiction over the highway, an officer of a fire department, in the performance of his or her official duties, has the authority to close to traffic a highway, or a lane or lanes of a highway, as necessary to protect the safety of persons or property. In order to promote the safe implementation of this Section, the fire department officer shall utilize an official fire department vehicle with lighted red or white oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights in accordance with Section 12-215 of this Code and proper temporary traffic control in accordance with the sections of the Illinois Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices concerning temporary traffic control and incident management. The officer should also receive training in safe practices for accomplishing these tasks near traffic. This Section does not apply to highways under the jurisdiction of the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. As used in this Section, "highway" has the meaning set forth in Section 1-126 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 95-803, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-214

    (625 ILCS 5/11-214)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2020)
    Sec. 11-214. Local government reporting.
    (a) Local units of government shall report to the Illinois Department of Transportation and the Department shall post on its official website (i) all preferred truck routes under the local unit of government's jurisdiction which are not classified as Class II or Class III truck routes; and (ii) the unit of local government's designated truck route network.
    (b) If a local unit of government has no designated truck routes or preferred truck routes described by subsection (a) above, the local unit of government shall affirm to the Department that it has no such truck routes.
(Source: P.A. 97-291, eff. 1-1-12. Repealed by P.A. 101-328, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/11-215

    (625 ILCS 5/11-215)
    Sec. 11-215. Secretary of State to provide information on use of truck global positioning systems.
    (a) The Secretary of State shall include in its commercial drivers license curriculum and study guide the distinctions between utilizing a truck-attributed global positioning system device and other non-truck-attributed global positioning system devices.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall develop a brochure regarding the distinctions between utilizing a truck-attributed global positioning system device and other non-truck-attributed global positioning system devices and shall make this brochure available at all Secretary of State facilities where an applicant may obtain or renew a commercial drivers license.
(Source: P.A. 97-291, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-216

    (625 ILCS 5/11-216)
    Sec. 11-216. Secretary of State to provide information on human trafficking. The Secretary of State shall include in its commercial drivers license curriculum and study guide information on the human trafficking problem in this State. The Secretary shall adopt rules to implement this Section.
(Source: P.A. 100-357, eff. 1-1-18.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. III

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. TRAFFIC SIGNS,
SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS

625 ILCS 5/11-301

    (625 ILCS 5/11-301) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-301)
    Sec. 11-301. Department to adopt sign manual.
    (a) The Department shall adopt a State manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic-control devices consistent with this Chapter for use upon highways within this State. Such manual shall include the adoption of the R 7-8 sign adopted by the United States Department of Transportation to designate the reservation of parking facilities for a person with disabilities. Non-conforming signs in use prior to January 1, 1985 shall not constitute a violation during their useful lives, which shall not be extended by other means than normal maintenance. The manual shall also specify insofar as practicable the minimum warrants justifying the use of the various traffic control devices. Such uniform system shall correlate with and, where not inconsistent with Illinois highway conditions, conform to the system set forth in the most recent edition of the national manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.
    (b) Signs adopted by the Department to designate the reservation of parking facilities for a person with disabilities shall also exhibit, in a manner determined by the Department, the words "$100 Fine".
    (c) If the amount of a fine is changed, the Department shall change the design of the signs to indicate the current amount of the fine.
(Source: P.A. 88-685, eff. 1-24-95; 89-533, eff. 1-1-97.)

625 ILCS 5/11-301.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-301.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-301.1)
    Sec. 11-301.1. Beginning July 1, 1988, all signs erected and used to designate the reservation of parking facilities for a person with disabilities shall be in a form and manner prescribed under Section 11-301 of this Code, and all parking spaces reserved for a person with disabilities, except those reserving on-street parking areas, shall be at least 16 feet wide. Non-conforming signs in use prior to July 1, 1988 shall not constitute a violation during their useful lives, which shall not be extended by means other than normal maintenance. Beginning October 1, 1992, all parking spaces reserved for a person with disabilities, except those reserving on-street parking areas, shall be at least 16 feet wide.
(Source: P.A. 87-562; 88-685, eff. 1-24-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-302

    (625 ILCS 5/11-302) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-302)
    Sec. 11-302. Authority to designate through highway and stop and yield intersections.
    (a) The Department with reference to State highways under its jurisdiction, and local authorities with reference to other highways under their jurisdiction, may designate through highways and erect stop signs or yield signs at specified entrances thereto, or may designate any intersection as a stop intersection or as a yield intersection and erect stop signs or yield signs at one or more entrances to such intersection. Designation of through highways and stop or yield intersections and the erection of stop signs or yield signs on township or road district roads are subject to the written approval of the county engineer or superintendent of highways.
    (b) Every stop sign and yield sign shall conform to the State Manual and Specifications and shall be located as near as practicable to the nearest line of the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if there is no crosswalk, then as close as practicable to the nearest line of the intersecting roadway.
    (c) The Department may in its discretion and when traffic conditions warrant such action give preference to traffic upon any of the State highways under its jurisdiction over traffic crossing or entering such highway by erecting appropriate traffic control devices.
(Source: P.A. 93-177, eff. 7-11-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-303

    (625 ILCS 5/11-303) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-303)
    Sec. 11-303. The Department to place signs on all State highways.
    (a) The Department shall place and maintain such traffic-control devices, conforming to its manual and specifications on all highways under its jurisdiction as it shall deem necessary to indicate and to carry out the provisions of this Chapter or to regulate, warn or guide traffic. These traffic control devices shall include temporary stop signs placed as a substitute for missing or damaged permanent stop signs required by the State Manual. Temporary stop signs shall be placed in a manner to provide adequate visibility and legibility, and shall be placed within duration recommendations in the State Manual, unless circumstances require longer placement.
    (b) No local authority shall place or maintain any traffic-control device upon any highway under the jurisdiction of the Department except by the latter's permission.
    (c) The Department shall erect and maintain guide, warning and direction signs upon highways in cities, towns and villages of which portions or lanes of such highways are under the control and jurisdiction of the Department or for which the Department has maintenance responsibility.
    (d) Nothing in this Chapter shall divest the corporate authorities of park districts of power to prohibit or restrict the use of highways under their jurisdiction by certain types or weights of motor vehicles or the power of cities, villages, incorporated towns and park districts to designate highways for one-way traffic or the power of such municipal corporations to erect and maintain appropriate signs respecting such uses.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall prohibit a municipality, township, or county from erecting signs as required under the Illinois Adopt-A-Highway Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-124, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/11-304

    (625 ILCS 5/11-304) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-304)
    Sec. 11-304. Local traffic-control devices; tourist oriented businesses signs. Local authorities in their respective maintenance jurisdiction shall place and maintain such traffic-control devices, including temporary stop signs placed as a substitute for missing or damaged permanent stop signs required by the State Manual, upon highways under their maintenance jurisdiction as are required to indicate and carry out the provisions of this Chapter, and local traffic ordinances or to regulate, warn, or guide traffic. All such traffic control devices shall conform to the State Manual and Specifications and shall be justified by traffic warrants stated in the Manual. Temporary stop signs shall be placed in a manner to provide adequate visibility and legibility, and shall be placed within duration recommendations in the State Manual, unless circumstances require longer placement. Placement of traffic-control devices on township or road district roads also shall be subject to the written approval of the county engineer or superintendent of highways.
    Local authorities in their respective maintenance jurisdictions shall have the authority to install signs, in conformance with the State Manual and specifications, alerting motorists of the tourist oriented businesses available on roads under local jurisdiction in rural areas as may be required to guide motorists to the businesses. The local authorities and road district highway commissioners shall also have the authority to sell or lease space on these signs to the owners or operators of the businesses.
(Source: P.A. 99-124, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/11-305

    (625 ILCS 5/11-305) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-305)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 101-172)
    Sec. 11-305. Obedience to and required traffic-control devices.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device applicable thereto placed or held in accordance with the provisions of this Act, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle in this Act.
    (b) It is unlawful for any person to leave the roadway and travel across private property to avoid an official traffic control device.
    (c) No provision of this Act for which official traffic-control devices are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular section does not state that official traffic-control devices are required, such section shall be effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
    (d) Whenever any official traffic-control device is placed or held in position approximately conforming to the requirements of this Act and purports to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such device, such device shall be presumed to have been so placed or held by the official act or direction of lawful authority, and comply with the requirements of this Act, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
    (e) The driver of a vehicle approaching a traffic control signal on which no signal light facing such vehicle is illuminated shall stop before entering the intersection in accordance with rules applicable in making a stop at a stop sign.
(Source: P.A. 84-873.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 101-172)
    Sec. 11-305. Obedience to and required traffic-control devices.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device applicable thereto placed or held in accordance with the provisions of this Act, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle in this Act.
    (b) It is unlawful for any person to leave the roadway and travel across private property to avoid an official traffic control device.
    (c) No provision of this Act for which official traffic-control devices are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular section does not state that official traffic-control devices are required, such section shall be effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
    (d) Whenever any official traffic-control device is placed or held in position approximately conforming to the requirements of this Act and purports to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such device, such device shall be presumed to have been so placed or held by the official act or direction of lawful authority, and comply with the requirements of this Act, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
    (e) The driver of a vehicle approaching a traffic control signal on which no signal light facing such vehicle is illuminated shall stop before entering the intersection in accordance with rules applicable in making a stop at a stop sign.
    (f) Any violation of subsection (a) that occurs within a designated highway construction zone or maintenance zone shall result in a fine of no less than $100 and no more than $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 101-172, eff. 1-1-20.)

625 ILCS 5/11-306

    (625 ILCS 5/11-306) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-306)
    Sec. 11-306. Traffic-control signal legend. Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals exhibiting different colored lights or color lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in combination, only the colors green, red and yellow shall be used, except for special pedestrian signals carrying a word legend, and the lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
    (a) Green indication.
        1. Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal
    
may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either such turn. Vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right of way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time such signal is exhibited.
        2. Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal,
    
shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
        3. Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control
    
signal, as provided in Section 11-307, pedestrians facing any green signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
    (b) Steady yellow indication.
        1. Vehicular traffic facing a steady circular yellow
    
or yellow arrow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter.
        2. Pedestrians facing a steady circular yellow or
    
yellow arrow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in Section 11-307, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
    (b-5) Flashing yellow arrow indication.
        1. Vehicular traffic facing a flashing yellow arrow
    
indication may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the arrow and shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time the signal is exhibited.
        2. Pedestrians facing a flashing yellow arrow
    
indication, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in Section 11-307, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk that crosses the lane or lanes used to depart the intersection by traffic controlled by the flashing yellow arrow indication. Pedestrians shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles lawfully within the intersection at the time that the flashing yellow signal indication is first displayed.
    (c) Steady red indication.
        1. Except as provided in paragraphs 3 and 3.5 of this
    
subsection (c), vehicular traffic facing a steady circular red signal alone shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no such stop line, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if there is no such crosswalk, then before entering the intersection, and shall remain standing until an indication to proceed is shown.
        2. Except as provided in paragraphs 3 and 3.5 of this
    
subsection (c), vehicular traffic facing a steady red arrow signal shall not enter the intersection to make the movement indicated by the arrow and, unless entering the intersection to make a movement permitted by another signal, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no such stop line, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if there is no such crosswalk, then before entering the intersection, and shall remain standing until an indication permitting the movement indicated by such red arrow is shown.
        3. Except when a sign is in place prohibiting a turn
    
and local authorities by ordinance or State authorities by rule or regulation prohibit any such turn, vehicular traffic facing any steady red signal may cautiously enter the intersection to turn right, or to turn left from a one-way street into a one-way street, after stopping as required by paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 of this subsection. After stopping, the driver shall yield the right of way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another roadway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time such driver is moving across or within the intersection or junction or roadways. Such driver shall yield the right of way to pedestrians within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk.
        3.5. In municipalities with less than 2,000,000
    
inhabitants, after stopping as required by paragraph 1 or 2 of this subsection, the driver of a motorcycle or bicycle, facing a steady red signal which fails to change to a green signal within a reasonable period of time not less than 120 seconds because of a signal malfunction or because the signal has failed to detect the arrival of the motorcycle or bicycle due to the vehicle's size or weight, shall have the right to proceed, after yielding the right of way to oncoming traffic facing a green signal, subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign as required by Section 11-1204 of this Code.
        4. Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control
    
signal as provided in Section 11-307, pedestrians facing a steady circular red or red arrow signal alone shall not enter the roadway.
    (d) In the event an official traffic control signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this Section shall be applicable except as to provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be at a traffic sign or a marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made or, in the absence of such sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal.
    (e) The motorman of any streetcar shall obey the above signals as applicable to vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 97-627, eff. 1-1-12; 97-762, eff. 7-6-12; 98-798, eff. 7-31-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-307

    (625 ILCS 5/11-307) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-307)
    Sec. 11-307. Pedestrian-control signals. Whenever special pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" or the illuminated symbols of a walking person or an upraised palm are in place such signals shall indicate as follows:
    (a) Walk or walking person symbol. Pedestrians facing such signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal, and shall be given the right of way by the drivers of all vehicles.
    (b) Don't Walk or upraised palm symbol. No pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal, but any pedestrian who has partly completed his crossing on the Walk signal or walking person symbol shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the "Don't Walk" signal or upraised palm symbol is illuminated, steady, or flashing.
(Source: P.A. 81-553.)

625 ILCS 5/11-308

    (625 ILCS 5/11-308) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-308)
    Sec. 11-308. Lane-control signals. Whenever lane-control signals are used in conjunction with official signs, they shall have the following meanings:
    (a) Downward-pointing green arrow. A driver facing this indication is permitted to drive in the lane over which the arrow signal is located. Otherwise he shall obey all other traffic controls present and follow normal safe driving practices.
    (b) Red X symbol. A driver facing this indication shall not drive in the lane over which the signal is located, and this indication shall modify accordingly the meaning of all other traffic controls present. Otherwise he shall obey all other traffic controls and follow normal safe driving practices.
    (c) Yellow X (steady). A driver facing this indication should prepare to vacate the lane over which the signal is located, in a safe manner to avoid, if possible, occupying that lane when a steady red X is displayed.
    (d) Flashing yellow arrow. A driver facing this indication may use the lane only for the purpose of approaching and making a left turn.
(Source: P.A. 81-552.)

625 ILCS 5/11-309

    (625 ILCS 5/11-309) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-309)
    Sec. 11-309. Flashing Signals.
    Whenever an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in conjunction with a traffic control device it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
    1. Flashing red (stop signal). When a red lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the cross walk on the near side of the intersection, or if none, then at a point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
    2. Flashing yellow (caution signal). When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.
    3. This section does not apply at railroad grade crossings. Conduct of drivers of vehicles approaching railroad grade crossings shall be governed by Section 11-1201 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 76-2162.)

625 ILCS 5/11-310

    (625 ILCS 5/11-310) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-310)
    Sec. 11-310. Display of Unauthorized Signs, Signals or Markings.
    (a) No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking, or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, or which hides from view or interferes with the movement of traffic or the effectiveness of an official traffic-control device or any railroad sign or signal.
    (b) No person shall place or maintain nor shall any public authority permit upon any highway any traffic sign or signal bearing thereon any commercial advertising.
    (c) Every such prohibited sign, signal or marking is hereby declared to be a public nuisance and the authority having jurisdiction over the highway is hereby empowered to remove the same or cause it to be removed without notice.
    (d) No person shall sell or offer for sale any traffic control device to be used on any street or highway in this State which does not conform to the requirements of this Chapter.
    (e) This Section shall not be deemed to prohibit the erection upon private property adjacent to highways of signs giving useful directional information and of a type that cannot be mistaken for official signs.
    (f) This Section shall not be deemed to prohibit the erection of Illinois Adopt-A-Highway signs by municipalities, townships, or counties as provided in the Illinois Adopt-A-Highway Act.
    (g) Any person failing to comply with this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 87-1118.)