Illinois Compiled Statutes
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/Ch 18C Sub 1 Art I
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/Ch 18C Sub 1 Art I heading)
SHORT TITLE, LEGISLATIVE INTENT, STATE
TRANSPORTATION POLICY, AND DEFINITIONS
625 ILCS 5/18c-1101
(625 ILCS 5/18c-1101)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18c-1101)
This Chapter shall be known and may be cited
as the "Illinois
Commercial Transportation Law".
(Source: P.A. 84-796.)
625 ILCS 5/18c-1102
(625 ILCS 5/18c-1102)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18c-1102)
The General Assembly finds that:
(a) a comprehensive recodification of existing
transportation regulatory statutes is needed to delete obsolete provisions and facilitate a coordinated approach to regulation of motor carriers, rail carriers, and brokers;
(b) the accelerating pace of change in the
transportation industry, as an outgrowth of changing economic conditions and federal legislation, necessitates the streamlining of regulatory procedures to allow for prompt action to protect the interests of the people of the State of Illinois; and
(c) an increasing incidence of unlawful activity by
unlicensed carriers and others has rendered existing enforcement mechanisms inadequate.
Where the language of any provision in this Chapter is substantially
similar to the language in the predecessor statute, the legislative intent
expressed in this Chapter shall be the same as the legislative intent
embodied in the predecessor statute as construed by the courts of this
State and, where appropriate, reports of the Illinois Motor Vehicle Laws
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)
625 ILCS 5/18c-1103
(625 ILCS 5/18c-1103)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18c-1103)
State Transportation Policy.
It is hereby declared to be
the policy of the State of Illinois
to actively supervise and regulate commercial transportation of
persons and property within this state. This policy shall be
carried out in such manner as to: (a) promote adequate,
economical, efficient and responsive commercial transportation service,
with adequate revenues to carriers and reasonable rates to the
public, and without discrimination; (b) recognize and preserve
the inherent advantages of, and foster sound economic conditions
in, the several modes of commercial transportation in the public
interest; (c) develop and preserve a commercial transportation
system properly supportive of the broad economic development
goals of the State of Illinois; (d) create economic and
employment opportunities in commercial transportation and affected
industries through economic growth and development; (e) encourage
fair wages and safe and suitable working conditions in the
transportation industry; (f) protect the public safety through
administration of a program of safety standards and insurance; (g)
insure a stable and well-coordinated transportation system for
shippers, carriers and the public; and (h) cooperate with the
federal government, the several states, and with the
organizations representing states and commercial transportation service
providers and consumers.
(Source: P.A. 84-796.)
625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
(625 ILCS 5/18c-1104)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18c-1104)
The following terms, when used in this
Chapter, have the hereinafter designated meanings unless their context
clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) "Broker" means any person other than a motor carrier of
property, that arranges, offers to arrange, or holds
itself out, by solicitation, advertisement, or
otherwise, as arranging or offering to arrange for-hire
transportation of property or other service in
connection therewith by a motor carrier of property
which holds or is required to hold a license issued by the Commission.
(2) "Carrier" means any motor carrier or rail carrier other than a private
(3) "Certificate" means a certificate of public convenience
and necessity issued under this Chapter to common carriers
of household goods.
(4) "Commission" means the Illinois Commerce Commission.
(5) "Commission regulations and orders" means rules and
regulations adopted and orders or decisions issued by the Commission
pursuant to this Chapter; any certificate, permit,
broker's license or other license or registration issued
pursuant to such rules, regulations, orders and decisions; and all
terms, conditions, or limitations thereof.
(9) "Discrimination" means undue discrimination in the
context of the particular mode of transportation involved.
(10) "Farm crossing" means a crossing used for agricultural and livestock
(11) "For-hire" means for compensation or hire, regardless of
the form of compensation and whether compensation is direct or indirect.
(12) "Freight forwarder" means any person other than a motor
carrier, rail carrier, or common carrier by pipeline
which holds itself out as a common carrier to provide
transportation of property, for compensation or hire,
which, in the rendition of its services:
(a) Undertakes responsibility for the consolidation
(where applicable), transportation, break-bulk (where applicable), and distribution of such property from the point of receipt to the point of delivery; and
(b) Utilizes, for the transportation of such
property, the services of one or more motor carriers or rail carriers.
(13) "Hazardous material" means any substance or material in
a quantity and form determined by the federal Office of
Hazardous Materials and the Federal Railroad
Administration to be capable of posing an unreasonable
risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce.
(13.1) "Household goods" means:
(A) Personal effects and property used or to be used
in a dwelling when a part of the equipment or supply of such dwelling; except that this subdivision (13.1) shall not be construed to include property moving from a factory or store, except such property as the householder has purchased with intent to use in his or her dwelling and that is transported at the request of, and the transportation charges paid to the carrier by, the householder;
(B) Furniture, fixtures, equipment, and the property
of stores, offices, museums, institutions, hospitals, or other establishments, when a part of the stock, equipment, or supply of such stores, offices, museums, institutions, hospitals, or other establishments; except that this subdivision (13.1) shall not be construed to include the stock-in-trade of any establishment, whether consignor or consignee, other than used furniture and used fixtures, except when transported as an incident to the moving of the establishment, or a portion thereof, from one location to another; and
(C) Articles, including, but not limited to, objects
of art, displays, and exhibits, which, because of their unusual nature or value, require the specialized handling and equipment usually employed in moving household goods; except that this subdivision (13.1) shall not be construed to include any article, whether crated or uncrated, that does not, because of its unusual nature or value, require the specialized handling and equipment usually employed in moving household goods.
(13.2) "Household goods carrier" means a motor carrier of property
authorized to transport household goods.
(13.3) "Household goods common carrier" means any household goods carrier
engaged in transportation for the general public over regular or irregular
routes. Household goods common carriers may also be referred to as "common
carriers of household goods".
(13.4) "Household goods contract carrier"
means any household goods carrier engaged in transportation under contract with
a limited number of shippers (that shall not be freight forwarders, shippers'
agents or brokers) that either (a) assigns motor vehicles for a continuing
period of time to the exclusive use of the shipper or shippers served, or (b)
furnishes transportation service designed to meet the distinct need of the
shipper or shippers served. Household goods contract carriers may also be
referred to as "contract carriers of household goods".
(14) "Interstate carrier" means any person engaged in the
for-hire transportation of persons or property in
interstate or foreign commerce in this State, whether or
not such transportation is pursuant to authority issued
to it by the Interstate Commerce Commission.
(15) "Intrastate carrier" means any person engaged in the
for-hire transportation of persons or property in
intrastate commerce in this State.
(16) "Interstate commerce" means commerce between a point in
the State of Illinois and a point outside the State of
Illinois, or between points outside the State of
Illinois when such commerce moves through Illinois, or
between points in Illinois moving through another state
in a bona fide operation that is either exempt from
federal regulation or moves under a certificate or permit issued by
the Interstate Commerce Commission authorizing interstate transportation,
whether such commerce moves wholly by motor vehicle or
partly by motor vehicle and partly by any other
regulated means of transportation where the commodity
does not come to rest or change its identity during the
movement, and includes commerce originating or
terminating in a foreign country moving through the State of Illinois.
(17) "Intrastate commerce" means commerce moving wholly
between points within the State of Illinois, whether
such commerce moves wholly by one transportation mode or partly by
one mode and partly by any other mode of transportation.
(18) "License" means any certificate, permit, broker's
license, or other license issued under this Chapter. For purposes of Article
III of Sub-chapter 4 of this Chapter, "license" does not include a "public
(19) "Motor carrier" means any person engaged in the
transportation of property or passengers, or both, for
hire, over the public roads of this State, by motor
vehicle. Motor carriers engaged in the transportation
of property are referred to as "motor carriers of
property"; motor carriers engaged in the transportation
of passengers are referred to as "motor carriers of
passengers" or "bus companies".
(20) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle, truck, trucktractor,
trailer or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical
power and used upon the highways of the State in the
transportation of property or passengers.
(21) "Non-relocation towing" means the:
(a) For-hire transportation of vehicles by use of
wrecker or towing equipment, other than the removal of trespassing vehicles from private property subject to the provisions of Chapter 18a of this Code, and other than transportation exempted by Section 18c-4102; and
(b) For-hire towing of wheeled property other than
(22) "Notice" means with regard to all proceedings except enforcement
proceedings instituted on the motion of the Commission, and except for
interstate motor carrier registrations, public notice by publication in the
official state newspaper, unless otherwise provided in this Chapter.
(23) "Official state newspaper" means the newspaper
designated and certified to the Commission annually by
the Director of Central Management Services of the State
of Illinois, or, if said Director fails to certify to
the Commission the name and address of the official
newspaper selected by the Director prior to expiration
of the previous certification, the newspaper designated
in the most recent certification.
(24) "Party" means any person admitted as a party to a
Commission proceeding or seeking and entitled as a
matter of right to admission as a party to a Commission proceeding.
(25) "Permit" means a permit issued under this Chapter to
contract carriers of property by motor vehicle.
(26) "Person" means any natural person or legal entity,
whether such entity is a proprietorship, partnership,
corporation, association, or other entity, and, where a
provision concerns the acts or omissions of a person,
includes the partners, officers, employees, and agents
of the person, as well as any trustees, assignees,
receivers, or personal representatives of the person.
(27) "Private carrier by motor vehicle" means any person
engaged in the transportation of property or passengers
by motor vehicle other than for hire, whether the person
is the owner, lessee or bailee of the lading or
otherwise, when the transportation is for the purpose of sale, lease, or
bailment and in furtherance of the person's primary business, other than
transportation. "Private carriers by motor vehicle" may be
referred to as "private carriers". Ownership, lease or
bailment of the lading is not sufficient proof of a
private carrier operation if the carrier is, in fact,
engaged in the transportation of property for-hire.
(27.1) "Public carrier" means a motor carrier of property, other than a
household goods carrier.
(27.2) "Public carrier certificate" means a certificate issued to a motor
carrier to transport property, other than household goods, in intrastate
commerce. The issuance of a public carrier certificate shall not be subject to
the provisions of Article I of Sub-chapter 2 of this Chapter.
(28) "Public convenience and necessity" shall be construed to have the same
meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the
Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law, with respect to motor carriers of
property, and the Public Utilities Act with respect to motor
carriers of passengers and rail carriers.
(29) "Public interest" shall be construed to have the same
meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts
to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law.
(30) "Rail carrier" means any person engaged in the
transportation of property or passengers for hire by
railroad, together with all employees or agents of such
person or entity, and all property used, controlled, or
owned by such person or entity.
(31) "Railroad" means track and associated structures,
including bridges, tunnels, switches, spurs, terminals
and other facilities, and equipment, including engines,
freight cars, passenger cars, cabooses, and other
equipment, used in the transportation of property or
passengers by rail.
(32) "Rail yard" means a system of parallel tracks, cross-overs and
switches where cars are switched and made up into trains, and where cars,
locomotives, and other rolling stock are kept when not in use or awaiting
repairs. A "rail yard" may also be referred to as a "yard".
(33) "Rate" means every individual or joint rate, fare, toll,
or charge of any carrier or carriers, any provisions relating to
application thereof, and any tariff or schedule
containing rates and provisions. The term "tariff"
refers to a publication or document containing motor
common carrier rates and provisions
or rates and provisions applicable
via rail carrier under contracts established pursuant to
49 U.S. Code 10713. The term "schedule" refers to a
publication or document containing motor contract
carrier rates and provisions.
(34) "Registration" means a registration issued to an
(35) "Shipper" means the consignor or consignee.
(36) "Terminal area" means, in addition to the area within the corporate
boundary of an incorporated city, village, municipality,
or community center, the area (whether incorporated
or unincorporated) within 10 air miles of the
corporate limits of the base city, village, municipality, or
community center, including all of any city,
village or municipality which lies within such area.
(37) "Transfer" means the sale, lease, consolidation, merger, acquisition
or change of control, or other transfer of a license, in whole or in part.
(38) "Transportation" means the actual movement of property or passengers
by motor vehicle (without regard to ownership of vehicles or equipment used
in providing transportation service) or rail together with loading,
unloading, and any other accessorial or ancillary service provided by the
carrier in connection with movement by motor vehicle or rail,
which is performed by or on behalf of the carriers, its employees or agents,
or under the authority or direction of the carrier or under the apparent
authority or direction and with the knowledge of the carrier. Transportation
of property by motor vehicle includes driveaway or towaway delivery service.
(39) "Towing" means the pushing, towing, or drawing of wheeled
property by means of a crane, hoist, towbar, towline, or auxiliary axle.
(40) "Wrecker or towing equipment" means tow trucks or auxiliary axles,
when used in relation to towing accidentally wrecked or disabled vehicles; and
roll-back carriers or trailers, when used in relation to transporting
accidentally wrecked or disabled vehicles. Wrecker or towing equipment does
not include car carriers or trailers other than roll-back car carriers or
(Source: P.A. 89-42, eff. 1-1-96; 89-444, eff. 1-25-96; 90-14, eff.