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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 7 Art. I

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 7 Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. ADMINISTRATION

625 ILCS 5/7-100

    (625 ILCS 5/7-100) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-100)
    Sec. 7-100. Definition of words and phrases. Notwithstanding the definitions set forth in Chapter 1, for the purposes of this Chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings ascribed to them:
    Administrative order of support. An order for the support of dependent children issued by an administrative body of this or any other State.
    Administrator. The Department of Transportation.
    Arrearage. The total amount of unpaid support obligations.
    Authenticated document. A document from a court which contains a court stamp, showing it is filed with the court, or notarized, or is certified by the custodian of the original.
    Compliance with a court order of support. The support obligor is no more than an amount equal to 90 days obligation in arrears in making payments in full for current support, or in making periodic payments on a support arrearage as determined by a court.
    Court order of support. A judgment order for the support of dependent children issued by a court of this State, including a judgment of dissolution of marriage. With regard to a certification by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services under subsection (c) of Section 7-702, the term "court order of support" shall include an order of support entered by a court of this or any other State.
    Driver's license. A license or permit to operate a motor vehicle in the State, including the privilege of a person to drive a motor vehicle whether or not the person holds a valid license or permit.
    Family financial responsibility driving permit. A permit granting limited driving privileges for employment or medical purposes following a suspension of driving privileges under the Family Financial Responsibility Law. This permit is valid only after the entry of a court order granting the permit and issuance of the permit by the Secretary of State's Office. An individual's driving privileges must be valid except for the family financial responsibility suspension in order for this permit to be issued. In order to be valid, the permit must be in the immediate possession of the driver to whom it is issued.
    Judgment. A final judgment of any court of competent jurisdiction of any State, against a person as defendant for damages on account of bodily injury to or death of any person or damages to property resulting from the operation of any motor vehicle.
    Obligor. The individual who owes a duty to make payments under a court order of support.
    Obligee. The individual or other legal entity to whom a duty of support is owed through a court order of support or the individual's legal representatives.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)

625 ILCS 5/7-101

    (625 ILCS 5/7-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-101)
    Sec. 7-101. Administration of Illinois Safety and Family Financial Responsibility Law. The Secretary of State and the Department, within the scope of their respective duties and powers under this Code, shall administer and enforce this Chapter and may make rules and regulations necessary for its administration and shall provide for hearings upon request of persons aggrieved by orders or acts of the Secretary of State, and the Department under this Section. However, the Secretary of State and the clerks of the circuit courts, within the scope of their respective duties and powers under this Code, shall administer and enforce Article VII of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 89-92, eff. 7-1-96.)

625 ILCS 5/7-102

    (625 ILCS 5/7-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-102)
    Sec. 7-102. Court Review. The provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereof, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of final administrative decisions of the Administrator or the Secretary of State hereunder.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 7 Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 7 Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. SECURITY FOLLOWING ACCIDENT

625 ILCS 5/7-201

    (625 ILCS 5/7-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-201)
    Sec. 7-201. Application of Article II. The Administrator as soon as practicable after the receipt of the report, required to be filed under Sections 11-406 and 11-410, of a motor vehicle accident occurring within this State and that has resulted in bodily injury or death of any person or that damage to the property of any one person in excess of $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601) was sustained, shall determine:
        1. Whether Section 7-202 of this Code requires the
    
deposit of security by or on behalf of any person who was the operator or owner of any motor vehicle in any manner involved in the accident; and
        2. What amount of security shall be sufficient to
    
satisfy any potential judgment or judgments for money damages resulting from the accident as may be recovered against the operator or owner, which amount shall in no event be less than $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601).
(Source: P.A. 95-754, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/7-201.1

    (625 ILCS 5/7-201.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-201.1)
    Sec. 7-201.1. If the Administrator has not received a report required to be filed under Sections 11-406 and 11-410, or if the information contained in a report is insufficient, the Administrator shall send to the person required to file the report a written request for the missing report or the missing information. The Administrator shall send such request no later than 45 days after the accident or 7 days after receiving information that such accident has occurred, whichever is later.
    If the request is sent to a driver involved in an accident, the request or an attachment thereto shall contain in bold print a warning that failure to comply with the request within 15 days may result in the suspension of the driver's license.
(Source: P.A. 84-797.)

625 ILCS 5/7-201.2

    (625 ILCS 5/7-201.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-201.2)
    Sec. 7-201.2. The Administrator, within 30 days after compiling sufficient information on a motor vehicle accident, shall certify to the Secretary of State the name of each owner and the name of each operator of any vehicle involved in the accident, his determination that security is required under this Code, and the amount of the security. The Administrator also shall supply to the Secretary of State a copy of any accident report requested by the Secretary.
    The Administrator shall send a copy of the certification to each person whose name is certified. The copy, or an attachment thereto, shall contain in bold print an explanation that, because the person did not furnish the Department of Transportation with evidence that he or she is insured or otherwise able to pay for damages resulting from the accident, the person's name has been forwarded to the Secretary of State for possible suspension of his or her driver's license.
(Source: P.A. 84-797.)

625 ILCS 5/7-201.3

    (625 ILCS 5/7-201.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-201.3)
    Sec. 7-201.3. Administrator to itemize potential claims. The Administrator shall send by mail to the person required to deposit security an itemization of each potential claim of personal injury or property damage and the name and address of each potential claimant within the knowledge of the Administrator and upon which the determination of the amount of security is based.
(Source: P.A. 84-797.)

625 ILCS 5/7-202

    (625 ILCS 5/7-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-202)
    Sec. 7-202. Exceptions to requirements of security. (a) The requirements as to security and suspension as provided by Sections 7-201 and 7-205 shall not apply:
    1. To the driver or owner if such owner had in effect at the time of such motor vehicle accident a liability policy covering such driver and owner with respect to the vehicle involved in such motor vehicle accident;
    2. To the driver, if not the owner of such vehicle, if there was in effect at the time of such motor vehicle accident a liability policy or bond with respect to the operation of motor vehicles not owned by the driver;
    3. To the driver or owner if the liability of such driver or owner for damages resulting from such motor vehicle accident is covered by any other form of liability insurance policy or bond;
    4. To the driver or owner, if such owner is qualified as a self-insurer as provided in Section 7-502;
    5. To the owner if such owner at the time of such motor vehicle accident was in compliance with Section 8-101 or Section 9-101;
    6. To the driver or owner if such owner at the time of such motor vehicle accident was in compliance with the Federal Revised Interstate Commerce Act (P.L. 95-473), as now or hereafter amended;
    7. To the owner if the vehicle involved in such motor vehicle accident was owned by the United States, this State or any political sub-division of this State, any municipality therein, or any local Mass Transit District;
    8. To the driver or the owner of a vehicle involved in a motor vehicle accident wherein no injury or damage was caused to the person or property of any one other than such driver or owner;
    9. To the driver or the owner of a vehicle which at the time of the motor vehicle accident was parked, unless such vehicle was parked at a place where parking was at the time of the accident prohibited under any applicable law or ordinance;
    10. To the owner of a vehicle if at the time of the motor vehicle accident the vehicle was being operated without his permission, express or implied, or was parked by a person who had been operating such motor vehicle without such permission;
    11. To the driver, if not the owner, of a commercial motor vehicle on which there was no liability policy or bond with respect to the operation of such vehicle in effect at the time of the motor vehicle accident when the driver was operating the vehicle in the course of the driver's employment and had no actual knowledge of such lack of a liability policy or bond prior to the motor vehicle accident.
    (b) If at the time of the motor vehicle accident, an owner or driver is covered by a motor vehicle liability policy or bond meeting the requirements of this Code, such owner or driver shall be exempt from suspension under Section 7-205 as to that motor vehicle accident, if the company issuing the policy or bond has failed, and such policy or bond was not effective at the time of the motor vehicle accident or any time thereafter, provided, that the owner or driver had no knowledge of the company's failure prior to the motor vehicle accident, and such owner or driver has secured within 30 days after learning of such failure another liability policy or bond meeting the requirements of the Code relating to future occurrences or motor vehicle accidents.
    As used in this paragraph, the words "failed" or "failure" mean that the company has suspended operations by order of a court.
(Source: P.A. 85-293.)

625 ILCS 5/7-203

    (625 ILCS 5/7-203) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-203)
    Sec. 7-203. Requirements as to policy or bond. No such policy or bond referred to in Section 7-202 shall be effective under this Section unless issued by an insurance company or surety company authorized to do business in this State, except that if such motor vehicle was not registered in this State, or was a motor vehicle which was registered elsewhere than in this State at the effective date of the policy or bond, or the most recent renewal thereof, such policy or bond shall not be effective under this Section unless the insurance company or surety company, if not authorized to do business in this State, shall execute a power of attorney authorizing the Secretary of State to accept service on its behalf of notice or process in any action upon such policy or bond arising out of such motor vehicle accident. However, every such policy or bond is subject, if the motor vehicle accident has resulted in bodily injury or death, to a limit, exclusive of interest and costs, of not less than $25,000 because of bodily injury to or death of any one person in any one motor vehicle accident and, subject to said limit for one person, to a limit of not less than $50,000 because of bodily injury to or death of 2 or more persons in any one motor vehicle accident, and, if the motor vehicle accident has resulted in injury to or destruction of property, to a limit of not less than $20,000 because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any one motor vehicle accident. The changes to this Section made by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply only to policies issued or renewed on or after January 1, 2015.
    Upon receipt of a written motor vehicle accident report from the Administrator the insurance company or surety company named in such notice shall notify the Administrator within such time and in such manner as the Administrator may require, in case such policy or bond was not in effect at the time of such motor vehicle accident.
(Source: P.A. 98-519, eff. 1-1-15.)

625 ILCS 5/7-204

    (625 ILCS 5/7-204) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-204)
    Sec. 7-204. Form and amount of security - Definition.
    (A) Any security required to be deposited under this Act shall be in the form as the Secretary of State may require by administrative rule, and in the amounts as the Administrator may determine to be sufficient to satisfy any judgment or judgments for damages against an operator or owner but in no case in excess of the limits specified in Section 7-203 of this Act in reference to the acceptable limits of a policy or bond nor for an amount less than $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601).
    (B) The person depositing security shall specify in writing the person or persons on whose behalf the deposit is made and, while at any time the deposit is in the custody of the Secretary of State or State Treasurer, the person depositing it may, in writing, amend the specification of the person or persons on whose behalf the deposit is made to include an additional person or persons; provided, however, that a single deposit of security shall be applicable only on behalf of persons, required to furnish security because of the same accident.
    (C) Within 10 days after any security required under the provisions of this Article is deposited with the Secretary of State, the Secretary shall send notice of the security deposit to the following, if known:
        1. To each owner and operator of any vehicle involved
    
in the accident that sustained damage in excess of $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601);
        2. To any person who sustained damage to personal or
    
real property in excess of $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601);
        3. To any person who was injured as a result of the
    
accident; and
        4. To the estate of any person killed as a result of
    
the accident.
(Source: P.A. 95-754, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/7-205

    (625 ILCS 5/7-205) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-205)
    Sec. 7-205. Failure to deposit security - Hearings and suspensions. The Secretary of State, within 15 days after receipt of the determination of the Administrator that a deposit of security is required under this Code, shall review all reports, documents and other pertinent evidence in his possession, and make a preliminary finding as to whether or not there is a reasonable possibility of a civil judgment being entered in a court of proper jurisdiction against the person so certified by the Administrator under this Code.
    (a) Upon a preliminary finding that there is such a reasonable possibility, the Secretary of State shall notify such person by mail that his driving privileges, driver's license or registration will be suspended 45 days after the date of the mailing of the notice unless the person can prove to the satisfaction of the Secretary of State that he has deposited or has had deposited and filed on his behalf the security required under this Code or, within 15 days of the mailing of such notice, requests a formal hearing to determine whether his driving privileges, driver's license or registration should be suspended or whether the Secretary should enter an order of exoneration, and that such hearing shall be scheduled within 45 days after the mailing of such notice in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of State.
    (b) Upon a preliminary finding that there is not such a reasonable possibility, the Secretary of State may elect to take no further action.
    (c) In the event an order of suspension so entered applies to a nonresident owner or driver, then the privilege of driving or using a motor vehicle within the territorial limits of this State shall be so suspended.
(Source: P.A. 84-797.)

625 ILCS 5/7-206

    (625 ILCS 5/7-206) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-206)
    Sec. 7-206. Release from liability. (a) A person shall be relieved from the requirement for deposit of security required by Section 7-201 in the event there shall be filed with the Secretary of State satisfactory evidence that the person who would otherwise be required to deposit security has been released from liability.
    (b) A covenant not to sue shall relieve the parties thereto as to each other from the security requirements of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/7-207

    (625 ILCS 5/7-207) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-207)
    Sec. 7-207. Adjudication of non-liability.
    A person shall be relieved from the requirement for deposit of security, required by Section 7-201 of this Act, in the event there shall be filed with the Secretary of State evidence satisfactory of a final adjudication of non-liability.
(Source: P.A. 77-327.)

625 ILCS 5/7-208

    (625 ILCS 5/7-208) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-208)
    Sec. 7-208. Agreements for payment of damages. (a) Any 2 or more of the persons involved in a motor vehicle accident subject to the provisions of Section 7-201 or their authorized representatives, may at any time enter into a written agreement for the payment of an agreed amount in installments, with respect to all claims for injuries or damages resulting from the motor vehicle accident.
    (b) The Secretary of State, to the extent provided by any such written agreement properly filed with him, shall not require the deposit of security and shall terminate any prior order of suspension, or, if security has previously been deposited, the Secretary of State shall immediately return such security to the depositor or an appropriate personal representative.
    (c) In the event of a default in any payment under such agreement and upon notice of such default the Secretary of State shall forthwith suspend the driver's license and registration, or nonresident's operating privileges, of such person in default which shall not be restored unless and until:
        1. Such person deposits and thereafter maintains
    
security as required under Section 7-201 in such amount as the Secretary of State may then determine,
        2. Two years have elapsed since the acceptance of the
    
notice of default by the Secretary of State and during such period no action upon such agreement has been instituted in any court having jurisdiction, or
        3. The person enters into a second written agreement
    
for the payment of an agreed amount in installments with respect to all claims for injuries or damages resulting from the motor vehicle accident.
(Source: P.A. 90-774, eff. 8-14-98.)

625 ILCS 5/7-209

    (625 ILCS 5/7-209) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-209)
    Sec. 7-209. Payment upon judgment. The payment of a judgment arising out of a motor vehicle accident or the payment upon such judgment of an amount equal to the maximum amount which could be required for deposit under this Article shall for the purposes of this Code be deemed satisfied.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/7-210

    (625 ILCS 5/7-210) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-210)
    Sec. 7-210. Termination of Security Requirement.
    The Secretary of State, if satisfied as to the existence of any fact which under Sections 7-206, 7-207, 7-208, or 7-209 would entitle a person to be relieved from the security requirements of this Article, shall not require the deposit of security by the person so relieved from such requirement and shall terminate any prior order of suspension in respect to such person, or if security has previously been deposited by such person, the Secretary of State shall immediately return such deposit to such person.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/7-211

    (625 ILCS 5/7-211) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-211)
    Sec. 7-211. Duration of suspension.
    (a) Unless a suspension is terminated under other provisions of this Code, the driver's license or registration and nonresident's operating privilege suspended as provided in Section 7-205 shall remain suspended and shall not be renewed nor shall any license or registration be issued to the person until:
        1. The person deposits or there shall be deposited
    
and filed on the person's behalf the security required under Section 7-201;
        2. Two years have elapsed following the date the
    
driver's license and registrations were suspended and evidence satisfactory to the Secretary of State that during the period no action for damages arising out of a motor vehicle accident has been properly filed;
        3. Receipt of proper notice that the person has filed
    
bankruptcy which would include all claims for personal injury and property damage resulting from the accident; or
        4. After the expiration of 5 years from the date of
    
the accident, the Secretary of State has not received documentation that any action at law for damages arising out of the motor vehicle accident has been filed against the person.
    An affidavit that no action at law for damages arising out of the motor vehicle accident has been filed against the applicant, or if filed that it is not still pending shall be prima facie evidence of that fact. The Secretary of State may take whatever steps are necessary to verify the statement set forth in the applicant's affidavit.
    (b) The driver's license or registration and nonresident's operating privileges suspended as provided in Section 7-205 shall also remain suspended and shall not be renewed nor shall any license or registration be issued to the person until the person gives proof of his or her financial responsibility in the future as provided in Section 1-164.5. The proof is to be maintained by the person in a manner satisfactory to the Secretary of State for a period of 3 years after the date the proof is first filed.
(Source: P.A. 90-264, eff. 1-1-98; 91-80, eff. 7-9-99.)

625 ILCS 5/7-212

    (625 ILCS 5/7-212) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 7-212)
    Sec. 7-212. Authority of Administrator and Secretary of State to decrease amount of security. The Administrator may reduce the amount of security ordered in any case within one year after the date of the accident, but in no event for an amount less than $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601), if, in the judgment of the Administrator the amount ordered is excessive, or may revoke or rescind its order requiring the deposit of security in any case within one year after the date of the accident if, in the judgment of the Administrator, the provisions of Sections 7-202 and 7-203 excuse or exempt the operator or owner from the requirement of the deposit. In case the security originally ordered has been deposited the excess of the reduced amount ordered shall be returned to the depositor or his personal representative forthwith, notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7-214. The Secretary of State likewise shall have authority granted to the Administrator to reduce the amount of security ordered by the Administrator.
(Source: P.A. 95-754, eff. 1-1-09.)