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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 5/) Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VI

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI. COURT HEARINGS

405 ILCS 5/4-600

    (405 ILCS 5/4-600) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-600)
    Sec. 4-600. (a) Unless otherwise indicated, hearings under this Chapter shall be held pursuant to this Article. Hearings shall be held in such quarters as the court directs. To the extent practical, hearings shall be held at the developmental disabilities facility where the respondent is located. Any party may request a change of venue transfer to any other county because of the convenience of parties or witnesses or the condition of the respondent. The respondent may have the proceedings transferred to the county of his residence.
    (b) If the court grants a continuance on its own motion or upon the motion of one of the parties, the respondent may continue to be detained pending further order of the court. Such continuance shall not extend beyond 15 days except to the extent that continuances are requested by the respondent.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-601

    (405 ILCS 5/4-601) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-601)
    Sec. 4-601. A respondent may request administrative admission at any time prior to a court order for judicial admission. If the facility director approves such a request, the court may dismiss the pending proceedings but may require proof that such dismissal is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-602

    (405 ILCS 5/4-602) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-602)
    Sec. 4-602. The respondent is entitled to a jury on the question of whether he meets the standard for judicial admission. The jury shall consist of 6 persons to be chosen in the same manner as are jurors in other civil proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-603

    (405 ILCS 5/4-603) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-603)
    Sec. 4-603. Appointment of examiners; report. The court may appoint one or more clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, physicians, or other experts to examine the respondent and make a detailed written report of his or their findings regarding the respondent's condition. The report shall be filed with the court and copies shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-604

    (405 ILCS 5/4-604) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-604)
    Sec. 4-604. Independent examination. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert of his choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination, he may request that the court order an examination to be made by an impartial medical expert pursuant to Supreme Court Rules or by a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert. Determination of the compensation of the physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert and its payment shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414; 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-605

    (405 ILCS 5/4-605) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-605)
    Sec. 4-605. Every respondent alleged to meet the standard for judicial admission shall be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent or an appearance has not been entered on his behalf at the time the matter is set for hearing, the court shall appoint counsel for him. A hearing shall not proceed when a respondent is not represented by counsel unless, after conferring with counsel, the respondent requests to represent himself and the court is satisfied that the respondent has the capacity to make an informed waiver of his right to counsel. Counsel shall be allowed time for adequate preparation and shall not be prevented from conferring with the respondent at reasonable times nor from making an investigation of the matters in issue and presenting such relevant evidence as he believes is necessary.
    1. If the court determines that the respondent is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint as counsel an attorney employed by or under contract with the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, if available.
    2. If an attorney from the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is not available, the court shall appoint as counsel the public defender or, only if no public defender is available, an attorney licensed to practice law in this State.
    3. Upon filing with the court of a verified statement of legal services rendered by the private attorney appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this Section, the court shall determine a reasonable fee for such services. If the respondent is unable to pay the fee, the court shall enter an order upon the county to pay the entire fee or such amount as the respondent is unable to pay.
(Source: P.A. 85-1247.)

405 ILCS 5/4-606

    (405 ILCS 5/4-606) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-606)
    Sec. 4-606. The respondent shall be present at any hearing held under this Act unless his attorney waives his right to be present and the court is satisfied by a clear showing that the respondent's attendance would subject him to substantial risk of serious physical or emotional harm.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-607

    (405 ILCS 5/4-607) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-607)
    Sec. 4-607. Expert testimony; waiver. No respondent may be found to meet the standard for judicial admission unless at least one clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician who has examined him testifies in person at the hearing. The respondent may waive the requirement of this testimony subject to the approval of the court.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-608

    (405 ILCS 5/4-608) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-608)
    Sec. 4-608. No respondent may be found to meet the standard for judicial admission unless that finding has been established by clear and convincing evidence.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-609

    (405 ILCS 5/4-609) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-609)
    Sec. 4-609. (a) In a hearing for judicial admission, if the respondent is not found to meet the standard for judicial admission, the court shall dismiss the petition and order the respondent discharged.
    (b) If it is found that the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission, the court may order him admitted to a developmental disabilities facility designated by the Department; to a private facility, if it agrees; or to a program of nonresidential habilitation. If the court is not satisfied with the verdict of the jury finding that the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission, it may set aside such verdict and order the respondent discharged or it may order another hearing. Before disposition is determined, the court shall consider the diagnostic report and its recommendations and shall select the least restrictive alternative which is consistent with the respondent's needs.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-610

    (405 ILCS 5/4-610) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-610)
    Sec. 4-610. Nonresidential habilitation; orders; modification and revocation.
    (a) Prior to ordering admission to a program of nonresidential habilitation, the court shall ascertain that the program is capable of providing adequate and humane habilitation appropriate to the respondent's condition.
    (b) The court shall have continuing authority to modify an order for nonresidential habilitation if the respondent fails to comply with it or is otherwise found unsuitable for such habilitation. Prior to modifying such an order, the court must receive a report from the facility director specifying why the habilitation is unsuitable. The respondent shall be notified and given an opportunity to respond when modification is considered.
    (c) If the court revokes an order for nonresidential habilitation and orders admission of the respondent to a developmental disabilities facility, it may order a peace officer or other person to transport the respondent to the facility.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-611

    (405 ILCS 5/4-611) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-611)
    Sec. 4-611. (a) An order for admission to a developmental disabilities facility or to a program of nonresidential habilitation shall be for a period not to exceed 180 days. Prior to the expiration of the order, if the facility director of the facility or program believes that the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission, a new petition and certificate may be filed with the court. In the event that a new petition is filed, the facility director of the facility shall file with the court a current habilitation plan which includes an evaluation of the respondent's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from habilitation. If no petition is filed prior to expiration of the order, the client shall be discharged. Following a hearing on the petition, the court may order an additional 180 day period of admission to a facility or to a program of nonresidential habilitation only if the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission.
    (b) Additional 180 day periods of judicial admission may be sought pursuant to the procedures set out in this Section for so long as the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission. The provisions of this Article which apply whenever an initial order is sought shall apply whenever an additional period of admission is sought.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-612

    (405 ILCS 5/4-612) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-612)
    Sec. 4-612. Not more than 60 days after any admission under this Article, the facility director of the facility shall file a current habilitation plan with the court which includes an evaluation of the client's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from habilitation. The court shall review the habilitation plan. The court may order any public agency, officer, or employee to render such information, cooperation, and assistance as is within its legal authority and as may be necessary to achieve the objectives of this Section. The client or any person on his behalf may request a hearing to review the habilitation plan or the court on its own motion may order such a hearing. If the court is satisfied that the client is benefiting from habilitation, it may continue the original order for the remainder of the admission period. If the court is not so satisfied, it may modify its original order or it may order the client discharged.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-613

    (405 ILCS 5/4-613) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-613)
    Sec. 4-613. Final orders; notice; appeals.
    (a) Every final order of the court shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of such order shall be promptly given to the client, his or her attorney, and the facility director of the developmental disabilities facility or program to which the respondent is admitted.
    (b) An appeal from a final order may be taken in the same manner as in other civil cases. Upon entry of a final order, the court shall notify the client of his or her right to appeal and, if he or she is indigent, of his or her right to a free transcript and counsel. The cost of the transcript shall be paid pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 3-818 and subsection (c) of Section 4-615 of this Code. If the client wishes to appeal and is unable to obtain counsel, counsel shall be appointed pursuant to the provisions of Section 4-605.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/4-614

    (405 ILCS 5/4-614) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-614)
    Sec. 4-614. A verbatim record shall be made of all judicial hearings held pursuant to this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-615

    (405 ILCS 5/4-615) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-615)
    Sec. 4-615. Fees; costs; State funds.
    (a) Fees for jury service, witnesses, and service and execution of process are the same as for similar services in civil proceedings.
    (b) Except as provided under subsection (c) of this Section, the court may assess costs of the proceedings against the parties. If the respondent is not a resident of the county in which the hearing is held and the party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs has insufficient funds to pay the costs, the court may enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of the proceedings, from funds appropriated by the General Assembly for that purpose.
    (c) If the respondent is a party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs and that respondent is determined by the court to have insufficient funds to pay the cost of transcripts for the purpose of appeal, the court shall enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of one original and one copy of a transcript of proceedings established under this Code. Payment of transcript costs authorized under this subsection (c) shall be paid from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/4-616

    (405 ILCS 5/4-616) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-616)
    Sec. 4-616. (a) When a client is admitted upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the client to transport the client to the developmental disabilities facility if such person is able to do so safely and humanely. When the Department indicates that it has transportation to the facility available, the order may authorize the Department to transport the client there. The court may order the sheriff of the county in which such proceedings are held to transport the client to the facility.
    (b) Upon the delivery of a client to a facility, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Article, the facility director of the facility shall sign a receipt acknowledging custody of the client and for any personal property belonging to him or her, which receipt shall be filed with the clerk of the court which entered the admission order.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

405 ILCS 5/4-617

    (405 ILCS 5/4-617) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-617)
    Sec. 4-617. Nothing in this Chapter shall deprive any person of the benefits of relief by habeas corpus. If the court issuing the order of habeas corpus grants relief, a copy of the order shall be sent to the court which entered the order of admission and the clerk of the court shall file the order in the court record.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)