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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 5/) Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. GENERAL PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/4-200

    (405 ILCS 5/4-200) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-200)
    Sec. 4-200. (a) A person with a developmental disability may be admitted to a facility for residential and habilitation services only as provided in this Chapter, except that a person may be transferred by the Department of Corrections pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended. A person transferred by the Department of Corrections in this manner may be released only as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (b) Persons shall be admitted to Department facilities based on an assessment of their current individual needs and not solely on the basis of inclusion in a particular diagnostic category, identification by subaverage intelligence test score, or consideration of a past history of hospitalization or residential placement.
    (c) In all cases, the Department shall provide services to persons identified as having a developmental disability in the least restrictive environment as required by subsection (a) of Section 2-102 of this Code.
    (d) Except as provided in Article VI of this Chapter, nothing in this Chapter shall govern or prohibit the admission of a person with a developmental disability to nonresidential services.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-201

    (405 ILCS 5/4-201) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-201)
    Sec. 4-201. (a) An intellectually disabled person shall not reside in a Department mental health facility unless the person is evaluated and is determined to be a person with mental illness and the facility director determines that appropriate treatment and habilitation are available and will be provided to such person on the unit. In all such cases the Department mental health facility director shall certify in writing within 30 days of the completion of the evaluation and every 30 days thereafter, that the person has been appropriately evaluated, that services specified in the treatment and habilitation plan are being provided, that the setting in which services are being provided is appropriate to the person's needs, and that provision of such services fully complies with all applicable federal statutes and regulations concerning the provision of services to persons with a developmental disability. Those regulations shall include, but not be limited to the regulations which govern the provision of services to persons with a developmental disability in facilities certified under the Social Security Act for federal financial participation, whether or not the facility or portion thereof in which the recipient has been placed is presently certified under the Social Security Act or would be eligible for such certification under applicable federal regulations. The certifications shall be filed in the recipient's record and with the office of the Secretary of the Department. A copy of the certification shall be given to the person, an attorney or advocate who is representing the person and the person's guardian.
    (b) Any person admitted to a Department mental health facility who is reasonably suspected of being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, including those who also have a mental illness, shall be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team which includes a qualified intellectual disabilities professional designated by the Department facility director. The evaluation shall be consistent with Section 4-300 of Article III in this Chapter, and shall include: (1) a written assessment of whether the person needs a habilitation plan and, if so, (2) a written habilitation plan consistent with Section 4-309, and (3) a written determination whether the admitting facility is capable of providing the specified habilitation services. This evaluation shall occur within a reasonable period of time, but in no case shall that period exceed 14 days after admission. In all events, a treatment plan shall be prepared for the person within 3 days of admission, and reviewed and updated every 30 days, consistent with Section 3-209 of this Code.
    (c) Any person admitted to a Department mental health facility with an admitting diagnosis of a severe or profound intellectual disability shall be transferred to an appropriate facility or unit for persons with a developmental disability within 72 hours of admission unless transfer is contraindicated by the person's medical condition documented by appropriate medical personnel. Any person diagnosed as severely or profoundly intellectually disabled while in a Department mental health facility shall be transferred to an appropriate facility or unit for persons with a developmental disability within 72 hours of such diagnosis unless transfer is contraindicated by the person's medical condition documented by appropriate medical personnel.
    (d) The Secretary of the Department shall designate a qualified intellectual disabilities professional in each of its mental health facilities who has responsibility for insuring compliance with the provisions of Sections 4-201 and 4-201.1.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-201.1

    (405 ILCS 5/4-201.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-201.1)
    Sec. 4-201.1. (a) A person residing in a Department mental health facility who is evaluated as being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, an attorney or advocate representing the person, or a guardian of such person may object to the Department facility director's certification required in Section 4-201, the treatment and habilitation plan, or appropriateness of setting, and obtain an administrative decision requiring revision of a treatment or habilitation plan or change of setting, by utilization review as provided in Sections 3-207 and 4-209 of this Code. As part of this utilization review, the Committee shall include as one of its members a qualified intellectual disabilities professional.
    (b) The mental health facility director shall give written notice to each person evaluated as being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, the person's attorney and guardian, if any, or in the case of a minor, to his or her attorney, to the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis and to the minor if 12 years of age or older, of the person's right to request a review of the facility director's initial or subsequent determination that such person is appropriately placed or is receiving appropriate services. The notice shall also provide the address and phone number of the Legal Advocacy Service of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, which the person or guardian can contact for legal assistance. If requested, the facility director shall assist the person or guardian in contacting the Legal Advocacy Service. This notice shall be given within 24 hours of Department's evaluation that the person is mildly or moderately intellectually disabled.
    (c) Any recipient of services who successfully challenges a final decision of the Secretary of the Department (or his or her designee) reviewing an objection to the certification required under Section 4-201, the treatment and habilitation plan, or the appropriateness of the setting shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney's fees incurred in that challenge, unless the Department's position was substantially justified.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-202

    (405 ILCS 5/4-202) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-202)
    Sec. 4-202. The Department shall prescribe all forms necessary for proceedings under this Chapter, and all forms used in such proceedings shall comply substantially with the forms so prescribed. The Department shall publish all forms in electronic format and post the forms to its website.
(Source: P.A. 97-752, eff. 7-6-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-203

    (405 ILCS 5/4-203) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-203)
    Sec. 4-203. (a) Every developmental disabilities facility shall maintain adequate records which shall include the Section of this Act under which the client was admitted, any subsequent change in the client's status, and requisite documentation for such admission and status.
    (b) The Department shall ensure that a monthly report is maintained for each Department mental health facility, and each unit of a Department developmental disability facility for dually diagnosed persons, which lists (1) initials of persons admitted to, residing at, or discharged from a Department mental health facility or unit for dually diagnosed persons of Department developmental disability facility during that month with a primary or secondary diagnosis of intellectual disability, (2) the date and facility and unit of admission or continuing, care, (3) the legal admission status, (4) the recipient's diagnosis, (5) the date and facility and unit of transfer or discharge, (6) whether or not there is a public or private guardian, (7) whether the facility director has certified that appropriate treatment and habilitation are available for and being provided to such person pursuant to Section 4-203 of this Chapter, and (8) whether the person or a guardian has requested review as provided in Section 4-209 of this Chapter and, if so, the outcome of the review. The Secretary of the Department shall furnish a copy of each monthly report upon request to the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission and the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending certain Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985, and under Section 1 of "An Act for the protection and advocacy of mentally ill persons", approved September 20, 1987.
    (c) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power of any developmental disabilities facility to determine the qualifications of persons permitted to admit clients to such facility. This subsection shall not affect or limit the powers of any court to order admission to a developmental disabilities facility as set forth in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-204

    (405 ILCS 5/4-204) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-204)
    Sec. 4-204. Every petition, certificate, and proof of service required by this Chapter shall be executed under penalty of perjury as though under oath or affirmation, but no acknowledgement is required.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-205

    (405 ILCS 5/4-205) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-205)
    Sec. 4-205. Whenever a statement or explanation is required to be given to the persons specified in Section 4-206, every effort shall be made to furnish such statement or explanation in a comprehensible language and in a manner calculated to ensure understanding. Such statement or explanation shall be communicated in sign language for any hearing impaired person for whom sign language is a primary mode of communication. When a statement or explanation is provided in a language other than English, or through the use of sign language, that fact and the name of the person providing it shall be noted in the client's record. This Section does not apply to copies of petitions and court orders.
(Source: P.A. 82-205.)

405 ILCS 5/4-206

    (405 ILCS 5/4-206) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-206)
    Sec. 4-206. Unless otherwise indicated, whenever notice is required under this Chapter, it shall be given pursuant to this Section. If a client is under 18 years of age, notice shall be given to his parent, guardian or person in loco parentis. If the client is 18 years of age or older, notice shall be given to the client, his guardian, if any, and any 2 other persons whom the client may designate. If the client is 18 or older but lacks sufficient capacity to understand and consent to the designation of persons to receive notice, notice shall also be sent to his nearest adult relative.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-207

    (405 ILCS 5/4-207) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-207)
    Sec. 4-207. (a) Six months prior to the eighteenth birthday of a client who is resident in a facility, the client shall be evaluated by the facility to determine whether he has the capacity to consent to administrative admission. If the client does not have such capacity or otherwise requires a guardian, his parent or another interested person shall be so notified and requested to file a petition for the appointment of a guardian. If no petition is filed, the facility director of the facility shall file such a petition.
    (b) Six months prior to the eighteenth birthday of a client who is receiving nonresidential services provided by or under contract with the Department, the client's parent or another interested person shall be notified by the facility providing the services or by the Department of the possible need and procedures for the appointment of a guardian. If such person so requests, the client shall be evaluated by the facility or the Department for the purpose of determining whether he requires a guardian and a report of the evaluation shall be provided to such person. If the report indicates that the client requires a guardian but no petition is filed by the time the client reaches 18, the facility or the Department shall file such a petition.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-208

    (405 ILCS 5/4-208) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-208)
    Sec. 4-208. Whenever a person is admitted, is denied admission, or objects to admission to a facility and whenever a client is notified that he is to be transferred or discharged or that his legal status is to be changed, the facility director of the facility shall provide the persons specified in Section 4-206 with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If any person so notified requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 85-1247.)

405 ILCS 5/4-209

    (405 ILCS 5/4-209) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-209)
    Sec. 4-209. (a) Hearings under Sections 4-201.1, 4-312, 4-704 and 4-709 of this Chapter shall be conducted by a utilization review committee. The Secretary shall appoint a utilization review committee at each Department facility. Each such committee shall consist of multi-disciplinary professional staff members who are trained and equipped to deal with the habilitation needs of clients. At least one member of the committee shall be a qualified intellectual disabilities professional. The client and the objector may be represented by persons of their choice.
    (b) The utilization review committee shall not be bound by rules of evidence or procedure but shall conduct the proceedings in a manner intended to ensure a fair hearing. The committee may make such investigation as it deems necessary. It may administer oaths and compel by subpoena testimony and the production of records. A stenographic or audio recording of the proceedings shall be made and shall be kept in the client's record. Within 3 days of conclusion of the hearing, the committee shall submit to the facility director its written recommendations which include its factual findings and conclusions. A copy of the recommendations shall be given to the client and the objector.
    (c) Within 7 days of receipt of the recommendations, the facility director shall give written notice to the client and objector of his acceptance or rejection of the recommendations and his reason therefor. If the facility director rejects the recommendations or if the client or objector requests review of the facility director's decision, the facility director shall promptly forward a copy of his decision, the recommendations, and the record of the hearing to the Secretary of the Department for final review. The review of the facility director's decision shall be decided by the Secretary or his or her designee within 30 days of the receipt of a request for final review. The decision of the facility director, or the decision of the Secretary (or his or her designee) if review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision, and shall be subject to review under and in accordance with Article III of the Code of Civil Procedure. The decision of the facility director, or the decision of the Secretary (or his or her designee) if review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-210

    (405 ILCS 5/4-210) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-210)
    Sec. 4-210. Whenever a petition has been executed pursuant to Sections 4-401 or 4-501, and prior to the examination for the purpose of certification, the person conducting this examination shall inform the person being examined in a simple comprehensible manner: that he is entitled to consult with a relative, friend, or attorney before the examination and that an attorney will be appointed for him if he desires; that he will be evaluated to determine if he meets the standard for judicial or emergency admission; that he does not have to talk to the examiner; and that any statement made by him may be disclosed at a court hearing on the issue of whether he meets the standard for judicial admission. If the respondent is not so informed, the examiner shall not be permitted to testify at any subsequent court hearing concerning the respondent's admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)