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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

PUBLIC AID
(305 ILCS 5/) Illinois Public Aid Code.

305 ILCS 5/Art. VIIIA

 
    (305 ILCS 5/Art. VIIIA heading)
ARTICLE VIIIA. PUBLIC ASSISTANCE FRAUD

305 ILCS 5/8A-1

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-1) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-1)
    Sec. 8A-1. Legislative Intent. Because of the pervasive nature of public assistance fraud and its negative effect on the people of the State of Illinois and those individuals who need public assistance, the General Assembly declares it to be public policy that public assistance fraud be identified and dealt with swiftly and appropriately considering the onerous nature of the crime.
(Source: P.A. 82-440.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-2

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-2) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-2)
    Sec. 8A-2. Recipient Fraud.
    (a) Any person, who by means of any false statement, willful misrepresentation or failure to notify the county department or the local governmental unit, as the case may be, of a change in his status as required by Sections 11-18 and 11-19, or any person who knowingly causes any applicant or recipient without knowledge to make such a false statement or willful misrepresentation, or by withholding information causes the applicant or recipient to fail to notify the county department or local governmental unit as required, for the purpose of preventing the denial, cancellation or suspension of any grant, or a variation in the amount thereof, or through other fraudulent device obtains or attempts to obtain, or aids or abets any person in obtaining public aid under this Code to which he is not entitled is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b) If an applicant makes and subscribes an application form under Section 11-15 which contains a written declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury, knowing it to be false, incorrect or incomplete in respect to any material statement or representation bearing on his eligibility, income or resources, the offender shall be subject to the penalties for perjury as provided in Section 32-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-2.5

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-2.5)
    Sec. 8A-2.5. Unauthorized use of medical assistance.
    (a) Any person who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers a medical card in any manner not authorized by law or by rules and regulations of the Illinois Department, or who knowingly alters a medical card, or who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers an altered medical card, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b) Any person who knowingly obtains unauthorized medical benefits or causes to be obtained unauthorized medical benefits with or without use of a medical card is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b-5) Any vendor that knowingly assists a person in committing a violation under subsection (a) or (b) of this Section is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b-6) Any person (including a vendor, organization, agency, or other entity) that, in any matter related to the medical assistance program, knowingly or willfully falsifies, conceals, or omits by any trick, scheme, artifice, or device a material fact, or makes any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation, or makes or uses any false writing or document, knowing the same to contain any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry in connection with the provision of health care or related services, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (c) The Department may seek to recover any and all State and federal monies for which it has improperly and erroneously paid benefits as a result of a fraudulent action and any civil penalties authorized in this Section. Pursuant to Section 11-14.5 of this Code, the Department may determine the monetary value of benefits improperly and erroneously received. The Department may recover the monies paid for such benefits and interest on that amount at the rate of 5% per annum for the period from which payment was made to the date upon which repayment is made to the State. Prior to the recovery of any amount paid for benefits allegedly obtained by fraudulent means, the recipient or payee of such benefits shall be afforded an opportunity for a hearing after reasonable notice. The notice shall be served personally or by certified or registered mail or as otherwise provided by law upon the parties or their agents appointed to receive service of process and shall include the following:
        (1) A statement of the time, place and nature of the
    
hearing.
        (2) A statement of the legal authority and
    
jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held.
        (3) A reference to the particular Sections of the
    
substantive and procedural statutes and rules involved.
        (4) Except where a more detailed statement is
    
otherwise provided for by law, a short and plain statement of the matters asserted, the consequences of a failure to respond, and the official file or other reference number.
        (5) A statement of the monetary value of the benefits
    
fraudulently received by the person accused.
        (6) A statement that, in addition to any other
    
penalties provided by law, a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $2,000 may be imposed for each fraudulent claim for benefits or payments.
        (7) A statement providing that the determination of
    
the monetary value may be contested by petitioning the Department for an administrative hearing within 30 days from the date of mailing the notice.
        (8) The names and mailing addresses of the
    
administrative law judge, all parties, and all other persons to whom the agency gives notice of the hearing unless otherwise confidential by law.
    An opportunity shall be afforded all parties to be represented by legal counsel and to respond and present evidence and argument.
    Unless precluded by law, disposition may be made of any contested case by stipulation, agreed settlement, consent order, or default.
    Any final order, decision, or other determination made, issued or executed by the Director under the provisions of this Article whereby any person is aggrieved shall be subject to review in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, which shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of final administrative decisions of the Director.
    Upon entry of a final administrative decision for repayment of any benefits obtained by fraudulent means, or for any civil penalties assessed, a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, vendor, or other legal entity until the judgment is satisfied.
    Within 18 months of the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services will report to the General Assembly on the number of fraud cases identified and pursued, and the fines assessed and collected. The report will also include the Department's analysis as to the use of private sector resources to bring action, investigate, and collect monies owed.
    (d) In subsections (a), (b), (b-5) and (b-6), "knowledge" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 4-5 of the Criminal Code of 2012. For any administrative action brought under subsection (c) pursuant to a violation of this Section, the Department shall define "knowing" by rule.
(Source: P.A. 97-23, eff. 1-1-12; 98-354, eff. 8-16-13.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-3

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-3) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-3)
    Sec. 8A-3. Vendor Fraud and Kickbacks. (a) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity that willfully, by means of a false statement or representation, or by concealment of any material fact or by other fraudulent scheme or device on behalf of himself or others, obtains or attempts to obtain benefits or payments under this Code to which he or it is not entitled, or in a greater amount than that to which he or it is entitled, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b) A person shall be guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6 if he solicits or receives any remuneration, including any kickback, bribe, or rebate, directly or indirectly, overtly or covertly, in cash or in kind:
    (1) in return for referring an individual to a person for the furnishing or arranging for the furnishing of any item or service for which payment may be made in whole or in part under this Code; or
    (2) in return for purchasing, leasing, ordering, or arranging for or recommending purchasing, leasing, or ordering any good, facility, service or item for which payment may be made in whole or in part under this Code.
    (c) A person shall be guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6 if he offers or pays any remuneration, including any kickback, bribe, or rebate, directly or indirectly, overtly or covertly, in cash or in kind to any person to induce such person:
    (1) to refer an individual to a person for the furnishing or arranging for the furnishing of any item or service for which payment may be made in whole or in part under this Code; or
    (2) to purchase, lease, order, or arrange for or recommend purchasing, leasing, or ordering any good, facility, service, or item for which payment may be made in whole or in part under this Code.
    (d) Subsections (b) and (c) shall not apply to:
    (1) a discount or other reduction in price obtained by a provider of services or other entity under this Code if the reduction in price is properly disclosed and appropriately reflected in the costs claimed or charges made by the provider or entity under this Code;
    (2) any amount paid by an employer to an employee who has a bona fide employment relationship with such employer for employment in the provision of covered items or services; or
    (3) any amount paid to or received by a physician for professional services rendered if a physician, pursuant to a bona fide contract with a health maintenance organization, as defined by the Health Maintenance Organization Act, has referred a patient to another physician for rendering professional services not covered by the health maintenance organization.
(Source: P.A. 85-818.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-3.5

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-3.5)
    Sec. 8A-3.5. Vendor fraud and recipient fraud in medical assistance; restitution. A person convicted of recipient fraud, unauthorized use of medical assistance, vendor fraud in relation to the provision of medical assistance under Article V of this Code, or convicted of a federal criminal violation associated with defrauding the Medicaid program shall be ordered to pay monetary restitution to a person for any financial loss sustained by that person as a result of a violation of Section 8A-2, 8A-2.5, or 8A-3 of this Code, including any court costs and attorney fees. An order of restitution also includes expenses incurred and paid in connection with any medical evaluation or treatment.
(Source: P.A. 94-577, eff. 1-1-06.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-3.6

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-3.6)
    Sec. 8A-3.6. Actions by State licensing agencies.
    (a) All State licensing agencies, the Illinois State Police, and the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation shall coordinate enforcement efforts relating to acts of recipient fraud, unauthorized use of medical assistance, or vendor fraud in relation to the provision of medical assistance under Article V of this Code.
    (b) If a person who is licensed or registered under the laws of the State of Illinois to engage in a business or profession is convicted of or pleads guilty to engaging in an act of recipient fraud, unauthorized use of medical assistance, or vendor fraud in relation to the provision of medical assistance under Article V of this Code, the Illinois State Police must forward to each State agency by which the person is licensed or registered a copy of the conviction or plea and all supporting evidence.
    (c) Any agency that receives information under this Section shall, not later than 6 months after the date on which it receives the information, publicly report the final action taken against the convicted person, including but not limited to the revocation or suspension of the license or any other disciplinary action taken.
(Source: P.A. 94-577, eff. 1-1-06.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-4

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-4) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-4)
    Sec. 8A-4. Penalty for Unauthorized Use of Federal Food Stamps or Federal Food Stamp Benefits. Any person who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers federal food stamps, or federal food stamp benefits, or Electronic Benefit Transfer card for federal food stamp benefits, or authorizations to participate in the federal food stamp program in any manner not authorized by law or the rules and regulations of the Illinois Department, or who knowingly alters or uses, acquires, possesses or transfers altered federal food stamps, or federal food stamp benefits, or Electronic Benefit Transfer card for federal food stamp benefits, or authorizations to participate in the federal food stamp program, or who knowingly alters or falsifies electronic federal food stamp benefit data or possesses or uses altered or falsified electronic federal food stamp benefit data for the purpose of making claims for or receiving redemption of food stamp benefits or for the substantiation of redemptions received, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
(Source: P.A. 89-489, eff. 1-1-97.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-4A

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-4A) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-4A)
    Sec. 8A-4A. Penalty for Unauthorized Use of Federal Surplus Commodities. Any person who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers federal surplus food commodities or authorizations to participate in the federal surplus food commodities program, in original or altered form, in any manner not authorized by law or the rules and regulations of the Illinois Department, or who knowingly alters authorizations to participate in the federal surplus food commodities program, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
(Source: P.A. 85-555.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-5

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-5) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-5)
    Sec. 8A-5. Administrative Malfeasance. (a) Any person who shall misappropriate, misuse or unlawfully withhold or convert to his own use or to the use of another, any public funds made available for public aid purposes under this Code is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b) Any official or employee of the Illinois Department, county department or local governmental unit who willfully fails to report a known violation of Sections 8A-2, 8A-3, 8A-4 or 8A-5 to the designated administrative personnel as identified in the policy and procedures of the Illinois Department for employees of the Illinois Department or county department, or to the State's Attorney for employees of a local governmental unit, shall be subject to disciplinary proceedings pursuant to regulations of the Illinois Department or local governmental unit.
(Source: P.A. 82-440.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-5A

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-5A) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-5A)
    Sec. 8A-5A. Unauthorized possession of identification document. Any person who possesses for an unlawful purpose another person's identification document issued by the Illinois Department shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony. For purposes of this Section, "identification document" includes but is not limited to an authorization to participate in the federal food stamp program or the federal surplus food commodities program, or a card or other document which identifies a person as being entitled to public aid under this Code.
(Source: P.A. 86-1012.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-6

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-6) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-6)
    Sec. 8A-6. Classification of violations.
    (a) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity that has been found by a court to have engaged in an act, practice or course of conduct declared unlawful under Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 or Section 8A-13 or 8A-14 where:
        (1) the total amount of money involved in the
    
violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is less than $150, shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor;
        (2) the total amount of money involved in the
    
violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $150 or more but less than $1,000, shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony;
        (3) the total amount of money involved in the
    
violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $1,000 or more but less than $5,000, shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony;
        (4) the total amount of money involved in the
    
violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $5,000 or more but less than $10,000, shall be guilty of a Class 2 felony; or
        (5) the total amount of money involved in the
    
violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $10,000 or more, shall be guilty of a Class 1 felony and, notwithstanding the provisions of Section 8A-8 except for Subsection (c) of Section 8A-8, shall be ineligible for financial aid under this Article for a period of two years following conviction or until the total amount of money, including the value of federal food stamps, is repaid, whichever first occurs.
    (b) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity that commits a subsequent violation of any of the provisions of Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 and:
        (1) the total amount of money involved in the
    
subsequent violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is less than $150, shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony;
        (2) the total amount of money involved in the
    
subsequent violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $150 or more but less than $1,000, shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony;
        (3) the total amount of money involved in the
    
subsequent violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $1,000 or more but less than $5,000, shall be guilty of a Class 2 felony;
        (4) the total amount of money involved in the
    
subsequent violation, including the monetary value of federal food stamps and the value of commodities, is $5,000 or more but less than $10,000, shall be guilty of a Class 1 felony.
    (c) For purposes of determining the classification of offense under this Section, all of the money received as a result of the unlawful act, practice or course of conduct can be accumulated.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-7

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-7) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-7)
    Sec. 8A-7. Civil Remedies. (a) A person who receives financial aid by means of a false statement, willful misrepresentation or by his failure to notify the county department or local governmental unit, as the case may be, of a change in his status as required by Sections 11-18 and 11-19, for the purpose of preventing the denial, cancellation or suspension of his grant, or a variation in the amount thereof, or by other fraudulent device, or a person who knowingly aids or abets any person in obtaining financial aid for which he is not eligible, shall be answerable to the county department or the local governmental unit, as the case may be, for refunding the entire amount of aid received. If the refund is not made, it shall be recoverable in a civil action from the person who received the aid, or from anyone who willfully aided such person to obtain the aid. If an act which would be unlawful under Section 8A-2 is proven, the court may as a penalty assess an additional sum of money, not to exceed the entire amount of aid provided, against the recipient or against any person who willfully aided the recipient. If assessed, the penalty shall be included in any judgment entered for the aid received, and paid to the county department or the local governmental unit, as the case may be. Upon entry of the judgment a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person until the judgment is satisfied.
    (b) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity, other than an individual recipient, that willfully, by means of a false statement or representation, or by concealment of any material fact or by other fraudulent scheme or device on behalf of himself or others, obtains or attempts to obtain benefits or payments under this Code to which he or it is not entitled, or in a greater amount than that to which he or it is entitled, shall be liable for repayment of any excess benefits or payments received and, in addition to any other penalties provided by law, civil penalties consisting of (1) the interest on the amount of excess benefits or payments at the maximum legal rate in effect on the date the payment was made to such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity for the period from the date upon which payment was made to the date upon which repayment is made to the State, (2) an amount not to exceed 3 times the amount of such excess benefits or payments, and (3) the sum of $2,000 for each excessive claim for benefits or payments. Upon entry of a judgment for repayment of any excess benefits or payments, or for any civil penalties assessed by the court, a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity until the judgment is satisfied.
    (c) Civil recoveries provided for in this Section may be recoverable in court proceedings initiated by the Attorney General or, in actions involving a local governmental unit, by the State's Attorney.
    (d) Any person who commits the offense of vendor fraud or recipient fraud as defined in Section 8A-2 and Section 8A-3 of this Article shall forfeit, according to the provisions of this subsection, any monies, profits or proceeds, and any interest or property which the sentencing court determines he has acquired or maintained, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part as a result of such offense. Such person shall also forfeit any interest in, securities of, claim against, or contractual right of any kind which affords him a source of influence over, any enterprise which he has established, operated, controlled, conducted, or participated in conducting, where his relationship to or connection with any such thing or activity directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, is traceable to any thing or benefit which he has obtained or acquired through vendor fraud or recipient fraud.
    Proceedings instituted pursuant to this subsection shall be subject to and conducted in accordance with the following procedures:
    (1) The sentencing court shall, upon petition by the Attorney General or State's Attorney at any time following sentencing, conduct a hearing to determine whether any property or property interest is subject to forfeiture under this subsection. At the forfeiture hearing the People shall have the burden of establishing, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the property or property interests are subject to such forfeiture.
    (2) In any action brought by the People of the State of Illinois under this Section, in which any restraining order, injunction or prohibition or any other action in connection with any property or interest subject to forfeiture under this subsection is sought, the circuit court presiding over the trial of the person charged with recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article shall first determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the person so charged has committed the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud and whether the property or interest is subject to forfeiture under this subsection. To make such a determination, prior to entering any such order, the court shall conduct a hearing without a jury, at which the People shall establish that there is (i) probable cause that the person so charged has committed the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud and (ii) probable cause that any property or interest may be subject to forfeiture pursuant to this subsection. Such hearing may be conducted simultaneously with a preliminary hearing, if the prosecution is commenced by information or complaint, or by motion of the People at any stage in the proceedings. The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information charging the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 or the return of an indictment by a grand jury charging the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article as sufficient evidence of probable cause as provided in item (i) above. Upon such a finding, the circuit court shall enter such restraining order, injunction or prohibition, or shall take such other action in connection with any such property or other interest subject to forfeiture under this Act as is necessary to insure that such property is not removed from the jurisdiction of the court, concealed, destroyed or otherwise disposed of by the owner of that property or interest prior to a forfeiture hearing under this subsection. The Attorney General or State's Attorney shall file a certified copy of such restraining order, injunction or other prohibition with the recorder of deeds or registrar of titles of each county where any such property of the defendant may be located. No such injunction, restraining order or other prohibition shall affect the rights of any bonafide purchaser, mortgagee, judgement creditor or other lien holder arising prior to the date of such filing. The court may, at any time, upon verified petition by the defendant, conduct a hearing to determine whether all or portions of any such property or interest which the court previously determined to be subject to forfeiture or subject to any restraining order, injunction, or prohibition or other action, should be released. The court may in its discretion release such property to the defendant for good cause shown.
    (3) Upon conviction of a person under this Article, the court shall authorize the Director of the Illinois Department of State Police to seize all property or other interest declared forfeited under this subsection upon such terms and conditions as the court shall deem proper.
    (4) The Director of the Illinois Department of State Police is authorized to sell all property forfeited and seized pursuant to this subsection, unless such property is required by law to be destroyed or is harmful to the public. After the deduction of all requisite expenses of administration and sale, the court shall order the Director to distribute to the Illinois Department an amount from the proceeds of the forfeited property, or monies forfeited or seized, which will satisfy any unsatisfied court order of restitution entered pursuant to a conviction under this Article. If the proceeds are less than the amount necessary to satisfy the order of restitution, the Director shall distribute to the Illinois Department the entire amount of the remaining proceeds. The Director shall distribute any remaining proceeds of such sale, along with any monies forfeited or seized, in accordance with the following schedules:
    (a) 25% shall be distributed to the unit of local government whose officers or employees conducted the investigation into recipient fraud or vendor fraud and caused the arrest or arrests and prosecution leading to the forfeiture. Amounts distributed to units of local government shall be used solely for enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Section 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article. Where the investigation, arrest or arrests leading to the prosecution and forfeiture is undertaken solely by the Illinois Department of State Police, the portion provided hereunder shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, which is hereby created in the State treasury. Monies from this fund shall be used by the Department of State Police for the furtherance of enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud. Monies directed to this fund shall be used in addition to, and not as a substitute for, funds annually appropriated to the Department of State Police for medicaid fraud enforcement.
    (b) 25% shall be distributed to the county in which the prosecution and petition for forfeiture resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, and deposited in a special fund in the county treasury and appropriated to the State's Attorney for use solely in enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud; however, if the Attorney General brought the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture, the portion provided hereunder shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, to be used by the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit of the Illinois Department of State Police for enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud. Where the Attorney General and a State's Attorney have jointly participated in any portion of the proceedings, 12.5% shall be distributed to the county in which the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, and used as specified herein, and 12.5% shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, and used as specified herein.
    (c) 50% shall be transmitted to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Revenue Fund.
(Source: P.A. 85-707.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-7.1

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-7.1) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-7.1)
    Sec. 8A-7.1. The Director, upon making a determination based upon information in the possession of the Illinois Department, that continuation in practice of a licensed health care professional would constitute an immediate danger to the public, shall submit a written communication to the Director of Professional Regulation indicating such determination and additionally providing a complete summary of the information upon which such determination is based, and recommending that the Director of Professional Regulation immediately suspend such person's license. All relevant evidence, or copies thereof, in the Illinois Department's possession may also be submitted in conjunction with the written communication. A copy of such written communication, which is exempt from the copying and inspection provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, shall at the time of submittal to the Director of Professional Regulation be simultaneously mailed to the last known business address of such licensed health care professional by certified or registered postage, United States Mail, return receipt requested. Any evidence, or copies thereof, which is submitted in conjunction with the written communication is also exempt from the copying and inspection provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.
    The Director, upon making a determination based upon information in the possession of the Illinois Department, that a licensed health care professional is willfully committing fraud upon the Illinois Department's medical assistance program, shall submit a written communication to the Director of Professional Regulation indicating such determination and additionally providing a complete summary of the information upon which such determination is based. All relevant evidence, or copies thereof, in the Illinois Department's possession may also be submitted in conjunction with the written communication.
    Upon receipt of such written communication, the Director of Professional Regulation shall promptly investigate the allegations contained in such written communication. A copy of such written communication, which is exempt from the copying and inspection provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, shall at the time of submission to the Director of Professional Regulation, be simultaneously mailed to the last known address of such licensed health care professional by certified or registered postage, United States Mail, return receipt requested. Any evidence, or copies thereof, which is submitted in conjunction with the written communication is also exempt from the copying and inspection provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.
    For the purposes of this Section, "licensed health care professional" means any person licensed under the Illinois Dental Practice Act, the Nurse Practice Act, the Medical Practice Act of 1987, the Pharmacy Practice Act, the Podiatric Medical Practice Act of 1987, or the Illinois Optometric Practice Act of 1987.
(Source: P.A. 95-639, eff. 10-5-07; 95-689, eff. 10-29-07; 95-876, eff. 8-21-08.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-8

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-8) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-8)
    Sec. 8A-8. Future Participation in the Public Assistance Program.
    (a) Any person applying for public assistance under this Code who has been found guilty of a violation of this Article or of any law of the United States or of any state which is substantially similar to Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 for violations related to public assistance or medical assistance programs of the kind provided under this Code and who has not been previously convicted for a violation of this Article or of any law of the United States or of any state which is substantially similar to Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 for violations related to public assistance or medical assistance programs of the kind provided under this Code shall have applications for public assistance under this Code reviewed by an administrative review board to determine the person's eligibility and the need for administrative safeguards to prevent any such further violations. The administrative review board shall be composed of not less than two persons who are selected in accordance with regulations of the Illinois Department or the local governmental unit. Hearings conducted by the board shall:
        (1) be of an informal nature, permitting the
    
applicant to attend at his option;
        (2) be open to the public, unless the applicant and
    
the administrative review board determine otherwise;
        (3) be subject to reasonable time and notification
    
requirements as determined by regulations of the Illinois Department or local governmental units; and
        (4) be held at a location convenient to the applicant.
    At the hearing, the administrative review board may deny the application based on an investigation of the person's eligibility, or the board may appoint a substitute payee, require more frequent visits or consultations, more frequent financial reports or require any other action to the extent permitted by State and federal law and regulations. A decision by the administrative review board to deny a person's application shall only be based on the person's failure to qualify under the eligibility criteria applicable to all applicants for the public assistance program in question. Any decision by the administrative review board may be appealed pursuant to the provisions of this Code. In no instance shall the administrative review board delay the hearing or its decision beyond the time allowed under State or federal law and regulations for determining an applicant's eligibility for public assistance.
    If the person has been determined eligible, the Illinois Department or the local governmental unit may recoup prior payments obtained in violation of this Article from the current cash assistance grants, unless such payments have previously been repaid. The Illinois Department or the local governmental unit, on a case by case basis, shall limit the amount deducted from the current cash assistance grant so as not to cause undue hardship to the person.
    (b) To the extent permitted under federal law, any person found guilty of a first violation of this Article or of any law of the United States or of any state which is substantially similar to Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 for violations related to public assistance or medical assistance programs of the kind provided under this Code may be suspended from eligibility for public aid under this Code. Any person found guilty of a second or subsequent violation of this Article or of any law of the United States or of any state which is substantially similar to Sections 8A-2 through 8A-5 for violations related to public assistance or medical assistance programs of the kind provided under this Code shall be ineligible for public aid under this Code.
    (c) In no instance shall this Section adversely affect the eligibility of children who are in need of public aid under this Code, or the amount of the grant received by such children. If a child's caretaker relative is adversely affected by this Section, a substitute payee may be appointed until the Illinois Department can determine, by rule, that the caretaker relative can manage the public aid in the best interest of the child.
    (d) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity that has been convicted of a violation of this Article shall be prohibited from participating as a vendor of goods or services to recipients of public aid under this Code. Such prohibition shall extend to any person with management responsibility in a firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, or other legal entity that has been convicted of any such violation and to an officer or person owning, either directly or indirectly, 5% or more of the shares of stock or other evidences of ownership in a corporation.
    (e) Any employee of the Illinois Department, county department or local governmental unit who has been found guilty of a violation of this Article shall be terminated from employment.
(Source: P.A. 89-489, eff. 1-1-97; 90-725, eff. 8-7-98.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-9

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-9) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-9)
    Sec. 8A-9. Special Investigations Unit. There shall be established within the administrative staff a unit to investigate all matters pertaining to the fraudulent acquisition of public aid, including administrative funds. The investigation may be conducted without prior notice to the recipients, to the personnel administering the cases or to vendors or other persons involved. The unit shall also investigate any other matter relating to the administration of public aid assigned to it by the Director of the Illinois Department. The Illinois Department may make the facts revealed by any investigation available to the Attorney General or to the appropriate State's Attorney.
(Source: P.A. 82-440.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-10

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-10) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-10)
    Sec. 8A-10. Savings provisions. Notwithstanding any amendments or repealer provisions in this amendatory Act of 1981, Sections 11-21, 11-24, 12-15, 12-15.1 and 12-21.19 of "The Illinois Public Aid Code" shall remain in force (1) for the prosecution and punishment of any person who, before the effective date of this amendatory Act, has violated Section 11-21, 11-24, 12-15.1 or 12-21.19 of this Code, and (2) for the initiation and enforcement of civil actions and penalties for any cause of action which accrued prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act under Section 11-21 or 12-15 of this Code.
    This amendatory Act of 1981 shall apply only to causes of action arising from violations of this Code which occur after its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 82-440.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-11

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-11) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-11)
    Sec. 8A-11. (a) No person shall:
        (1) Knowingly charge a resident of a nursing home for
    
any services provided pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code, money or other consideration at a rate in excess of the rates established for covered services by the Illinois Department pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code; or
        (2) Knowingly charge, solicit, accept or receive, in
    
addition to any amount otherwise authorized or required to be paid pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code, any gift, money, donation or other consideration:
            (i) As a precondition to admitting or expediting
        
the admission of a recipient or applicant, pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code, to a long-term care facility as defined in Section 1-113 of the Nursing Home Care Act or a facility as defined in Section 1-113 of the ID/DD Community Care Act, Section 1-113 of the MC/DD Act, or Section 1-102 of the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013; and
            (ii) As a requirement for the recipient's or
        
applicant's continued stay in such facility when the cost of the services provided therein to the recipient is paid for, in whole or in part, pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code.
    (b) Nothing herein shall prohibit a person from making a voluntary contribution, gift or donation to a long-term care facility.
    (c) This paragraph shall not apply to agreements to provide continuing care or life care between a life care facility as defined by the Life Care Facilities Act, and a person financially eligible for benefits pursuant to Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code.
    (d) Any person who violates this Section shall be guilty of a business offense and fined not less than $5,000 nor more than $25,000.
    (e) "Person", as used in this Section, means an individual, corporation, partnership, or unincorporated association.
    (f) The State's Attorney of the county in which the facility is located and the Attorney General shall be notified by the Illinois Department of any alleged violations of this Section known to the Department.
    (g) The Illinois Department shall adopt rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-104, eff. 7-22-13; 99-180, eff. 7-29-15.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-12

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-12)
    Sec. 8A-12. Early fraud prevention and detection program. The Illinois Department may conduct an early fraud prevention and detection program as provided in this Section. If conducted, the program shall apply to all categories of assistance and all applicants for aid. The program may be conducted in appropriate counties as determined by the Department. The program shall have the following features:
        (1) No intimidation of applicants or recipients may
    
occur, either by referral or threat of referral for a fraud prevention investigation.
        (2) An applicant may not be referred for a fraud
    
prevention investigation until an application for aid is completed and signed by the applicant or any authorized representative.
        (3) An applicant may be referred to the Inspector
    
General for a fraud prevention investigation if there are reasonable grounds to question the accuracy of any information, statements, documents, or other representations by the applicant or any authorized representative. Referrals for fraud prevention investigations shall be made in accordance with guidelines to be jointly determined by the Inspector General and the Department.
(Source: P.A. 89-118, eff. 7-7-95.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-13

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-13)
    Sec. 8A-13. Managed health care fraud.
    (a) As used in this Section, "health plan" means any of the following:
        (1) Any health care reimbursement plan sponsored
    
wholly or partially by the State.
        (2) Any private insurance carrier, health care
    
cooperative or alliance, health maintenance organization, insurer, organization, entity, association, affiliation, or person that contracts to provide or provides goods or services that are reimbursed by or are a required benefit of a health benefits program funded wholly or partially by the State.
        (3) Anyone who provides or contracts to provide goods
    
and services to an entity described in paragraph (1) or (2) of this subsection.
    For purposes of item (2) in subsection (b), "representation" and "statement" include, but are not limited to, reports, claims, certifications, acknowledgments and ratifications of financial information, enrollment claims, demographic statistics, encounter data, health services available or rendered, and the qualifications of person rendering health care and ancillary services.
    (b) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, or other legal entity that, with the intent to obtain benefits or payments under this Code to which the person or entity is not entitled or in a greater amount than that to which the person or entity is entitled, knowingly or willfully:
        (1) executes or conspires to execute a scheme or
    
artifice to defraud any State or federally funded or mandated health plan in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, items, or services;
        (2) executes or conspires to execute a scheme or
    
artifice to obtain by means of false or fraudulent pretense, representation, statement, or promise money or anything of value in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, items, or services that are in whole or in part paid for, reimbursed, or subsidized by, or are a required benefit of, a State or federally funded or mandated health plan;
        (3) falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick,
    
scheme, or device a material fact in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, items, or services that are in whole or in part paid for or reimbursed by a State or federal health plan;
        (4) makes any materially false, fictitious, or
    
fraudulent statements or representations, or makes or uses any materially false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry, in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, items, or services that are in whole or in part paid for or reimbursed by a State or federal health plan; or
        (5) makes or uses any false writing or document
    
knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care benefits, items, or services that are in whole or in part paid for or reimbursed by a State or federal health plan;
is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
(Source: P.A. 98-354, eff. 8-16-13.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-14

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-14)
    Sec. 8A-14. Bribery and graft in connection with health care.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Health care official" means any of the following:
        (1) An administrator, officer, trustee, fiduciary,
    
custodian, counsel, agent, or employee of any health plan.
        (2) An officer, counsel, agent, or employee of an
    
organization that provides, proposes to provide, or contracts to provide services to any health plan.
        (3) An official, employee, or agent of a State or
    
federal agency having regulatory or administrative authority over any health plan.
    "Health plan" has the meaning attributed to that term in Section 8A-13.
    (b) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, or other legal entity that
        (1) directly or indirectly gives, offers, or promises
    
anything of value to a health care official, or offers or promises to a health care official to give anything of value to another person, with the intent
            (A) to influence or reward any act or decision of
        
any health care official exercising any authority in any State or federally funded or mandated health plan other than as specifically allowed by law, or
            (B) to influence the official to commit, aid in
        
the commission of, or conspire to allow any fraud in a State or federally funded or mandated health plan, or
            (C) to induce the official to engage in any
        
conduct in violation of the official's lawful duty, or
        (2) being a health care official, directly or
    
indirectly demands, solicits, receives, accepts, or agrees to accept anything of value personally or for any other person or entity, the giving of which would violate paragraph (1) of this subsection,
is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-15

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-15)
    Sec. 8A-15. False statements relating to health care delivery. Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, or other legal entity that, in any matter related to a State or federally funded or mandated health plan, knowingly and wilfully falsifies, conceals, or omits by any trick, scheme, artifice, or device a material fact, or makes any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation, or makes or uses any false writing or document, knowing the same to contain any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry in connection with the provision of health care or related services, is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 98-354, eff. 8-16-13.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-16

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-16)
    Sec. 8A-16. Unfair or deceptive marketing practices.
    (a) As used in this Section, "health plan" has the meaning attributed to that term in Section 8A-13.
    (b) It is unlawful to knowingly and willfully engage in any unfair or deceptive marketing practice in connection with proposing, offering, selling, soliciting, or providing any health care service or any health plan. Unfair or deceptive marketing practices include the following:
        (1) Making a false and misleading oral or written
    
statement, visual description, advertisement, or other representation of any kind that has the capacity, tendency, or effect of deceiving or misleading health care consumers with respect to any health care service, health plan, or health care provider.
        (2) Making a representation that a health care plan
    
or a health care provider offers any service, benefit, access to care, or choice that it does not in fact offer.
        (3) Making a representation that a health plan or
    
health care provider has any status, certification, qualification, sponsorship, affiliation, or licensure that it does not have.
        (4) A failure to state a material fact if the failure
    
deceives or tends to deceive.
        (5) Offering any kickback, bribe, reward, or benefit
    
to any person as an inducement to select or to refrain from selecting any health care service, health plan, or health care provider, unless the benefit offered is medically necessary health care or is permitted by the Illinois Department.
        (6) The use of health care consumer or other
    
information that is confidential or privileged or that cannot be disclosed to or obtained by the user without violating a State or federal confidentiality law, including:
            (A) medical records information; and
            (B) information that identifies the health care
        
consumer or any member of his or her group as a recipient of any government sponsored or mandated welfare program.
        (7) The use of any device or artifice in advertising
    
a health plan or soliciting a health care consumer that misrepresents the solicitor's profession, status, affiliation, or mission.
    (c) Any person who commits a first violation of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and is subject to a fine of not more than $5,000. Any person who commits a second or subsequent violation of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony and is subject to a fine of not more than $25,000.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-17

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-17)
    Sec. 8A-17. Penalties enhanced for persons other than individuals. If a person who violates Section 8A-13, 8A-14, 8A-15, or 8A-16 is any person other than an individual, then that person is subject to a fine of not more than $50,000 if the violation is a misdemeanor and a fine of not more than $250,000 if the violation is a felony.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

305 ILCS 5/8A-18

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-18)
    Sec. 8A-18. Application assistance fraud; SNAP; AABD; TANF. It is a Class C misdemeanor for any person, including an individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, or joint venture, or any employee or agent of any of those, to assist or represent another person in completing or submitting an application for benefits under the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the State's Aid to the Aged, Blind, or Disabled (AABD) program, or the State's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, in exchange for a portion of the applicant's SNAP, AABD, or TANF benefits or cash or any other form of payment from any other source. An applicant who receives such assistance or representation is not in violation of this Section. Nothing in this Section shall be construed as prohibiting an applicant from receiving such assistance or representation when appealing a denial of an application for SNAP, AABD, or TANF benefits.
(Source: P.A. 98-931, eff. 8-15-14.)