Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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SCHOOLS105 ILCS 5/27-23.1
(105 ILCS 5/) School Code.
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.1)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-23.1)
School districts may provide
instruction in parenting education for grades 6 through 12 and include such
instruction in the courses of study regularly taught therein.
School districts may give regular school credit for satisfactory completion
by the student of such courses.
As used in this section, "parenting education" means and includes
instruction in the following:
(1) Child growth and development, including prenatal development.
(2) Childbirth and child care.
(3) Family structure, function and management.
(4) Prenatal and postnatal care for mothers and infants.
(5) Prevention of child abuse.
(6) The physical, mental, emotional, social, economic and psychological
aspects of interpersonal and family relationships.
(7) Parenting skill development.
The State Board of Education shall assist those districts offering
parenting education instruction, upon request, in developing instructional
materials, training teachers, and establishing appropriate time allotments
for each of the areas included in such instruction.
School districts may offer parenting education courses during that period
of the day which is not part of the regular school day. Residents of
the school district may enroll in such courses. The school board may
establish fees and collect such charges as may be necessary for attendance
at such courses in an amount not to exceed the per capita cost of the
operation thereof, except that the board may waive all or part of such
charges if it determines that the individual is indigent or that the
educational needs of the individual requires his or her attendance at such courses.
(Source: P.A. 84-534.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.2
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.2)
(Source: P.A. 86-650. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.3
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.3)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-23.3)
Education in steroid abuse prevention.
shall provide instruction in relation to the prevention of abuse of
anabolic steroids in grades 7 through 12 and shall include such instruction
in science, health, drug abuse, physical education or other appropriate
courses of study. School districts shall also provide this instruction to students who participate in interscholastic athletic programs. The instruction shall emphasize that the use of
anabolic steroids presents a serious health hazard to persons who use
steroids to enhance athletic performance or physical development. The
State Board of Education may assist in the development of instructional
materials and teacher training in relation to steroid abuse prevention.
(Source: P.A. 94-14, eff. 1-1-06.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.4
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.4)
Violence prevention and conflict resolution education.
School districts shall provide instruction in violence prevention and conflict
resolution education for grades kindergarten through 12 and may include such instruction
the courses of study regularly taught therein. School districts may give
regular school credit for satisfactory completion by the student of such
As used in this Section, "violence prevention and conflict resolution
education" means and includes instruction in the following:
(1) The consequences of violent behavior.
(2) The causes of violent reactions to conflict.
(3) Nonviolent conflict resolution techniques.
(4) The relationship between drugs, alcohol and
The State Board of Education shall prepare and make available to all school
boards instructional materials that may be used as guidelines for development
of a violence
prevention program under this Section, provided that each school board
shall determine the appropriate curriculum for satisfying the requirements of
this Section. The State
Board of Education shall assist in training teachers to provide effective
instruction in the violence prevention curriculum.
The State Board of Education and local school boards shall not be required
to implement the provisions of this Section unless grants of funds are made
available and are received after July 1, 1993 from private sources or from the
federal government in amounts sufficient to enable the State Board and local
school boards to meet the requirements of this Section. Any funds received
by the State or a local educational agency pursuant to the federal Safe and
Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1994 shall first be applied or
appropriated to meet the requirements and implement the provisions of this
(Source: P.A. 97-87, eff. 7-8-11.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.5
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.5)
Organ/tissue and blood donor and transplantation programs.
school district that maintains grades 9 and 10 may include in its curriculum
and teach to the students of either such grade one unit of instruction on
organ/tissue and blood donor and transplantation programs. No student
shall be required
take or participate in instruction on
organ/tissue and blood donor and transplantation programs if a parent or
written objection thereto on constitutional grounds, and refusal to take or
participate in such instruction on those grounds shall not be reason for
suspension or expulsion of a student or result in any academic penalty.
The regional superintendent of schools in which a school district that
maintains grades 9 and 10 is located shall obtain and distribute to each
school that maintains grades 9 and 10 in his or her district
information and data, including
instructional materials provided at no cost by America's Blood Centers, the
Red Cross, and Gift of Hope,
that may be used by the
school in developing a unit of instruction under this Section.
school board shall determine the minimum amount of instructional time that
shall qualify as a unit of instruction satisfying the requirements of this
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.6
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.6)
(a) The General Assembly finds that there is a significant increase in
the schools and that much of that violence is the result of intergroup
General Assembly further finds that anti-bias education and intergroup conflict
are effective methods for preventing violence and lessening tensions in the
schools and that these methods are most effective when they are respectful of
individuals and their divergent viewpoints and religious beliefs, which
are protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
(b) Beginning with the 2002-2003 school year, public elementary and
schools may incorporate activities to address intergroup conflict, with the
improving intergroup relations on and beyond the school campus, defusing
tensions, and promoting peaceful resolution of conflict.
The activities must be respectful of individuals and their divergent
religious beliefs, which are protected by the First Amendment
to the Constitution of the United States.
Such activities may
include, but not be limited to,
instruction and teacher training programs.
(c) A school board that adopts a policy to incorporate activities to address
intergroup conflict as authorized under subsection (b) of this Section shall
make information available to the public
that describes the manner in which the board has implemented the
authority granted to it in this Section. The means for disseminating this
information (i) shall include posting the information on the school
district's Internet web site, if any, and making the information available,
upon request, in district offices, and (ii) may include without limitation
incorporating the information in a student handbook and including the
information in a district newsletter.
(Source: P.A. 92-763, eff. 8-6-02.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.7
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.7)
(a) The General Assembly finds that a safe and civil school environment is necessary for students to learn and achieve and that bullying causes physical, psychological, and emotional harm to students and interferes with students' ability to learn and participate in school activities. The General Assembly further finds that bullying has been linked to other forms of antisocial behavior, such as vandalism, shoplifting, skipping and dropping out of school, fighting, using drugs and alcohol, sexual harassment, and sexual violence. Because of the negative outcomes associated with bullying in schools, the General Assembly finds that school districts and non-public, non-sectarian elementary and secondary schools should educate students, parents, and school district or non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school personnel about what behaviors constitute prohibited bullying.
Bullying on the basis of actual or perceived race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry, age, marital status, physical or mental disability, military status, sexual orientation, gender-related identity or expression, unfavorable discharge from military service, association with a person or group with one or more of the aforementioned actual or perceived characteristics, or any other distinguishing characteristic is prohibited in all school districts and non-public, non-sectarian elementary and secondary schools.
No student shall be subjected to bullying:
(1) during any school-sponsored education program or
(2) while in school, on school property, on school
buses or other school vehicles, at designated school bus stops waiting for the school bus, or at school-sponsored or school-sanctioned events or activities; or
(3) through the transmission of information from a
school computer, a school computer network, or other similar electronic school equipment.
(b) In this Section:
"Bullying" means any severe or pervasive physical or verbal act or conduct, including communications made in writing or electronically, directed toward a student or students that has or can be reasonably predicted to have the effect of one or more of the following:
(1) placing the student or students in reasonable
fear of harm to the student's or students' person or property;
(2) causing a substantially detrimental effect on the
student's or students' physical or mental health;
(3) substantially interfering with the student's or
students' academic performance; or
(4) substantially interfering with the student's or
students' ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities, or privileges provided by a school.
Bullying, as defined in this subsection (b), may take various forms, including without limitation one or more of the following: harassment, threats, intimidation, stalking, physical violence, sexual harassment, sexual violence, theft, public humiliation, destruction of property, or retaliation for asserting or alleging an act of bullying. This list is meant to be illustrative and non-exhaustive.
"School personnel" means persons employed by, on contract with, or who volunteer in a school district or non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school, including without limitation school and school district administrators, teachers, school guidance counselors, school social workers, school counselors, school psychologists, school nurses, cafeteria workers, custodians, bus drivers, school resource officers, and security guards.
(d) Each school district and non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school shall create and maintain a policy on bullying, which policy must be filed with the State Board of Education. Each school district and non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school must communicate its policy on bullying to its students and their parent or guardian on an annual basis. The policy must be updated every 2 years and filed with the State Board of Education after being updated. The State Board of Education shall monitor the implementation of policies created under this subsection (d).
(e) This Section shall not be interpreted to prevent a victim from seeking redress under any other available civil or criminal law.
Nothing in this Section is intended to infringe upon any right to exercise free expression or the free exercise of religion or religiously based views protected under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution or under Section 3 or 4 of Article 1 of the Illinois Constitution.
(Source: P.A. 95-198, eff. 1-1-08; 95-349, eff. 8-23-07; 95-876, eff. 8-21-08; 96-952, eff. 6-28-10.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.8
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.8)
Disability history and awareness.
(a) A school district shall provide instruction on disability history, people with disabilities, and the disability rights movement. Instruction may be included in those courses that the school district chooses. This instruction must be founded on the principle that all students, including students with disabilities, have the right to exercise self-determination. When possible, individuals with disabilities should be incorporated into the development and delivery of this instruction. This instruction may be supplemented by knowledgeable guest speakers from the disability community. A school board may collaborate with community-based organizations, such as centers for independent living, parent training and information centers, and other consumer-driven groups, and disability membership organizations in creating this instruction.
(b) The State Board of Education may prepare and make available to all school boards resource materials that may be used as guidelines for the development of instruction for disability history and awareness under this Section.
(c) Each school board shall determine the minimum amount of instructional time required under this Section.
(d) The regional superintendent of schools shall monitor a school district's compliance with this Section's curricular requirement during his or her annual compliance visit.
(Source: P.A. 96-191, eff. 1-1-10.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.9
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.9)
(Source: P.A. 96-952, eff. 6-28-10. Repealed internally, eff. 3-2-11.)
105 ILCS 5/27-23.10
(105 ILCS 5/27-23.10)
Gang resistance education and training.
(a) The General Assembly finds that the instance of youth delinquent gangs continues to rise on a statewide basis. Given the higher rates of criminal offending among gang members, as well as the availability of increasingly lethal weapons, the level of criminal activity by gang members has taken on new importance for law enforcement agencies, schools, the community, and prevention efforts.
(b) As used in this Section:
"Gang resistance education and training" means and includes instruction in, without limitation, each of the following subject matters when accompanied by a stated objective of reducing gang activity and educating children in grades K through 12 about the consequences of gang involvement:
(1) conflict resolution;
(2) cultural sensitivity;
(3) personal goal setting; and
(4) resisting peer pressure.
(c) Each school district and non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school in this State may make suitable provisions for instruction in gang resistance education and training in all grades and include that instruction in the courses of study regularly taught in those grades. For the purposes of gang resistance education and training, a school board or the governing body of a non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school must collaborate with State and local law enforcement agencies. The State Board of Education may assist in the development of instructional materials and teacher training in relation to gang resistance education and training.
(Source: P.A. 96-952, eff. 6-28-10.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24
(105 ILCS 5/27-24)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24)
Sections 27-24 through 27-24.8 of this Article are known and may be
cited as the Driver Education Act.
(Source: P.A. 76-1835.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.1
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.1)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.1)
As used in the Driver Education Act unless the context otherwise
"State Board" means the State Board of Education;
"Driver education course" and "course" means a course of instruction
in the use and operation of cars, including instruction in the safe
operation of cars and rules of the road and the laws of this State
relating to motor vehicles, which meets the minimum requirements of this
Act and the rules and regulations issued thereunder by the
State Board and has been approved by the State
Board as meeting
"Car" means a motor vehicle of the first Division as defined in The
Illinois Vehicle Code;
"Motorcycle" or "motor driven cycle" means such a vehicle as defined
in The Illinois Vehicle Code;
"Driver's license" means any license or permit issued by the
Secretary of State under Chapter 6 of The Illinois Vehicle Code.
With reference to persons, the singular number includes the plural
and vice versa, and the masculine gender includes the feminine.
(Source: P.A. 81-1508.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.2
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.2)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.2)
Safety education; driver education course.
Instruction shall be given in safety education in each of grades one though 8, equivalent to one class period each week, and any school district which maintains
grades 9 through 12 shall offer a driver education course in any such school
which it operates. Its curriculum shall include content dealing with Chapters 11, 12, 13, 15, and 16 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, the rules adopted pursuant to those Chapters insofar as they pertain to the operation of motor vehicles, and the portions of the Litter Control Act relating to the operation of motor vehicles. The course of instruction given in grades 10 through 12 shall include an emphasis on the development of knowledge, attitudes, habits, and skills necessary for the safe operation of motor vehicles, including motorcycles insofar as they can be taught in the classroom, and instruction on distracted driving as a major traffic safety issue. In addition, the course shall include instruction on special hazards existing at and required safety and driving precautions that must be observed at emergency situations, highway construction and maintenance zones, and railroad crossings and the approaches thereto. The course of instruction required of each eligible student at the high school level shall consist of a minimum of 30 clock hours of classroom instruction and a minimum of 6 clock hours of individual behind-the-wheel instruction in a dual control car on public roadways taught by a driver education instructor endorsed by the State Board of Education. Both the classroom instruction part and the practice driving
part of such driver education course shall be open to a resident or
non-resident student attending a non-public school in the district wherein the
course is offered. Each student attending any public or non-public high school
in the district must receive a passing grade in at least 8 courses during the
previous 2 semesters prior to enrolling in a driver education course, or the
student shall not be permitted to enroll in the course; provided that the local
superintendent of schools (with respect to a student attending a public high
school in the district) or chief school administrator (with respect to a
student attending a non-public high school in the district) may waive the
requirement if the superintendent or chief school administrator, as the case
may be, deems it to be in the best interest of the student. A student may be allowed to commence the
classroom instruction part of such driver education course prior to reaching
age 15 if such student then will be eligible to complete the entire course
within 12 months after being allowed to commence such classroom instruction.
Such a course may be commenced immediately after the completion of a prior
course. Teachers of such courses shall meet the certification requirements of
this Act and regulations of the State Board as to qualifications.
Subject to rules of the State Board of Education, the school district may charge a reasonable fee, not to exceed $50, to students who participate in the course, unless a student is unable to pay for such a course, in which event the fee for such a student must be waived. However, the district may increase this fee to an amount not to exceed $250 by school board resolution following a public hearing on the increase, which increased fee must be waived for students who participate in the course and are unable to pay for the course. The total amount from driver education fees and reimbursement from the State for driver education must not exceed the total cost of the driver education program in any year and must be deposited into the school district's driver education fund as a separate line item budget entry. All moneys deposited into the school district's driver education fund must be used solely for the funding of a high school driver education program approved by the State Board of Education that uses driver education instructors endorsed by the State Board of Education.
(Source: P.A. 96-734, eff. 8-25-09; 97-145, eff. 7-14-11.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.3
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.3)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.3)
In order for the school district to receive reimbursement from the
State as hereinafter provided, the driver education course offered in
its schools shall consist of at least 30 clock hours of classroom
instruction and, subject to modification as hereinafter allowed, at
least 6 clock hours of practice driving in a car having dual operating
controls under direct individual instruction.
(Source: P.A. 95-310, eff. 7-1-08
105 ILCS 5/27-24.4
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.4)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.4)
(a) Each school district shall be entitled
to reimbursement for each student who finishes either the classroom instruction
part or the practice driving part of a
driver education course that meets the minimum requirements of this Act.
Reimbursement under this Act is payable from
the Drivers Education Fund in the State treasury.
Each year all funds appropriated from the Drivers
Education Fund to the
State Board of Education, with the exception of those funds necessary for
administrative purposes of the State Board of Education, shall be distributed
in the manner provided in this paragraph to school districts by the State Board of Education for reimbursement of
claims from the previous school year. As soon as may be after each quarter of the year, if moneys are available in the Drivers
Education Fund in the State treasury for payments under this Section, the State Comptroller shall draw his or her warrants upon the State Treasurer as directed by the State Board of Education. The warrant for each quarter shall be in an amount equal to one-fourth of the total amount to be distributed to school districts for the year. Payments shall be made to school districts as soon as may be after receipt of the warrants.
The base reimbursement amount shall be calculated by the State Board by
dividing the total amount appropriated for distribution by the total of:
(a) the number of students who have completed the classroom instruction
part for whom valid claims have been made times 0.2; plus (b) the number
of students who have
completed the practice driving instruction part for whom valid claims have
been made times 0.8.
The amount of reimbursement to be distributed on each claim shall be 0.2
times the base reimbursement amount for each validly claimed student who
has completed the classroom instruction part, plus 0.8 times the base reimbursement
amount for each validly claimed student who has completed the practice driving
(b) The school district which is the residence of
a student who attends a nonpublic school in another district that has furnished the driver
education course shall reimburse the district offering the course, the
difference between the actual per capita cost of giving the course the
previous school year and the amount reimbursed by the State, which, for purposes of this subsection (b), shall be referred to as "course cost". If the course cost offered by the student's resident district is less than the course cost of the course in the district where the nonpublic school is located, then the student is responsible for paying the district that furnished the course the difference between the 2 amounts. If a nonpublic school student chooses to attend a driver's education course in a school district besides the district where the nonpublic school is located, then the student is wholly responsible for the course cost; however, the nonpublic school student may take the course in his or her resident district on the same basis as public school students who are enrolled in that district.
By April 1 the
nonpublic school shall notify the district offering the course of the
names and district numbers of the nonresident students desiring to take
such course the next school year. The district offering such course shall
notify the district of residence of those students affected by April 15.
The school district furnishing the course may claim the nonresident student
for the purpose of making a claim for State reimbursement under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-734, eff. 8-25-09; 97-1025, eff. 1-1-13.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.5
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.5)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.5)
Submission of claims.
The district shall report on forms prescribed
by the State Board, on an ongoing basis, a list of students by name, birth date
and sex, with the date
behind-the-wheel instruction or the classroom instruction or both were
and with the
status of the course completion.
The State shall not reimburse any district for any student
repeated any part of the course more than once or who did not meet the age
this Act during the period that the student was instructed
in any part of the drivers education course.
(Source: P.A. 96-734, eff. 8-25-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.6
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.6)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.6)
The school board shall require the teachers of drivers education courses
to keep daily attendance records for students attending such courses in the
same manner as is prescribed in Section 24-18 of this Act and such records
shall be used to prepare and certify claims made under the Driver Education
Act. Claims for reimbursement shall be made under oath or affirmation of
the chief school administrator for the district employed by the school
or authorized driver education personnel employed by the school board.
Whoever submits a false claim under the Driver Education Act or makes a
false record upon which a claim is based shall be fined in an amount equal
to the sum falsely claimed.
(Source: P.A. 96-734, eff. 8-25-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.7
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.7)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.7)
School code to apply.
The provisions of this Act not inconsistent with the provisions of the
Driver Education Act shall apply to the conduct of instruction offered by a
school district under the provisions of the Driver Education Act.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 31.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.8
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.8)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-24.8)
Rules and regulations.
The State Board may promulgate rules and regulations not
inconsistent with the provisions of the Driver Education Act for the
administration of the Driver Education Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-1508.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.9
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.9)
Driver education standards.
The State Board of Education, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall adopt course content standards for driver education for those persons under the age of 18 years, which shall include the operation and equipment of motor vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 97-1025, eff. 1-1-13.)
105 ILCS 5/27-24.10
(105 ILCS 5/27-24.10)
The State Board of Education shall annually prepare a report to be posted on the State Board's Internet website that indicates the approximate per capita driver education cost for each school district required to provide driver education. This report, compiled each spring from data reported the previous school year, shall be computed from expenditure data for driver education submitted by school districts on the annual financial statements required pursuant to Section 3-15.1 of this Code and the number of students provided driver education for that school year, as required to be reported under Section 27-24.5 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-1025, eff. 1-1-13.)
105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 27-25
(105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 27-25 heading)
NUCLEAR ENERGY EDUCATION ACT
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-25
(105 ILCS 5/27-25)
(Source: P.A. 76-1835. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-25.1
(105 ILCS 5/27-25.1)
(Source: P.A. 81-1508. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-25.2
(105 ILCS 5/27-25.2)
(Source: P.A. 81-1508. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-25.3
(105 ILCS 5/27-25.3)
(Source: P.A. 81-1508. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-25.4
(105 ILCS 5/27-25.4)
(Source: P.A. 81-1508. Repealed by P.A. 95-793, eff. 1-1-09.)
105 ILCS 5/27-26
(105 ILCS 5/27-26)
(Source: P.A. 78-1245. Repealed by P.A. 94-600, eff. 8-16-05.)
105 ILCS 5/27-27
(105 ILCS 5/27-27)
(from Ch. 122, par. 27-27)
When school districts use a system of categorizing classes
of instruction by degree of difficulty and issues grades in accordance
therewith, identification of said system shall be reflected in the affected
students' class ranking and permanent records.
(Source: P.A. 81-707.)
105 ILCS 5/Art. 27A
(105 ILCS 5/Art. 27A heading)
105 ILCS 5/27A-1
(105 ILCS 5/27A-1)
Short title and application.
This Article may be cited as
the Charter Schools Law. This Article applies in all school districts,
including special charter districts and school districts located in cities
having a population of more than 500,000.
(Source: P.A. 89-450, eff. 4-10-96.)
105 ILCS 5/27A-2
(105 ILCS 5/27A-2)
(a) The General Assembly finds and declares as follows:
(1) Encouraging educational excellence is in the best
interests of the people of this State.
(2) There are educators, community members, and
parents in Illinois who can offer flexible and innovative educational techniques and programs, but who lack an avenue through which to provide them within the public school system.
(3) The enactment of legislation authorizing charter
schools to operate in Illinois will promote new options within the public school system and will provide pupils, educators, community members, and parents with the stimulus to strive for educational excellence.
(b) The General Assembly further finds and declares that this Article is
enacted for the following purposes:
(1) To improve pupil learning by creating schools
with high, rigorous standards for pupil performance.
(2) To increase learning opportunities for all
pupils, with special emphasis on expanded learning experiences for at-risk pupils, consistent, however, with an equal commitment to increase learning opportunities for all other groups of pupils in a manner that does not discriminate on the basis of disability, race, creed, color, gender, national origin, religion, ancestry, marital status, or need for special education services.
(3) To encourage the use of teaching methods that may
be different in some respects than others regularly used in the public school system.
(4) To allow the development of new, different, or
alternative forms of measuring pupil learning and achievement.
(5) To create new professional opportunities for
teachers, including the opportunity to be responsible for the learning program at the school site.
(6) To provide parents and pupils with expanded
choices within the public school system.
(7) To encourage parental and community involvement
(8) To hold charter schools accountable for meeting
rigorous school content standards and to provide those schools with the opportunity to improve accountability.
(c) In authorizing charter schools, it is the intent of the General Assembly
to create a legitimate avenue for parents,
teachers, and community members to take responsible risks and create new,
innovative, and more flexible ways of educating children
within the public
school system. The General Assembly seeks to create opportunities within the
public school system of Illinois for development of
innovative and accountable
The provisions of this
Article should be interpreted liberally to support the findings and goals of
this Section and to advance a renewed commitment by the State of Illinois to
the mission, goals, and diversity of public education.
(Source: P.A. 89-450, eff. 4-10-96; 90-548, eff. 1-1-98.)
105 ILCS 5/27A-3
(105 ILCS 5/27A-3)
For purposes of this Article:
"At-risk pupil" means a pupil who, because of physical, emotional,
socioeconomic, or cultural factors, is less likely to succeed in a conventional
"Authorizer" means an entity authorized under this Article to review applications, decide whether to approve or reject applications, enter into charter contracts with applicants, oversee charter schools, and decide whether to renew, not renew, or revoke a charter.
"Commission" means the State Charter School Commission established under Section 27A-7.5 of this Code.
"Local school board" means the duly elected or appointed school board or
board of education of a public school district, including special charter
districts and school districts located in cities having a population of more
than 500,000, organized under the laws of this State.
"State Board" means the State Board of Education.
(Source: P.A. 97-152, eff. 7-20-11.)
105 ILCS 5/27A-4
(105 ILCS 5/27A-4)
(a) The General Assembly does not intend to alter or amend the provisions
of any court-ordered desegregation plan in effect for any school district. A
charter school shall be subject to all federal and State laws and
constitutional provisions prohibiting discrimination on the basis of
disability, race, creed, color, gender, national origin, religion, ancestry,
marital status, or need for special education services.
(b) The total number of charter schools operating under this Article at any
one time shall not exceed 120. Not more than 70 charter
shall operate at any one time in any city having a population exceeding
500,000, with at least 5 charter schools devoted exclusively to students from low-performing or overcrowded schools operating at any one time in that city; and not more than 45
charter schools shall operate at any one time in the remainder of the State, with not
more than one charter school that
has been initiated by a board of education, or
by an intergovernmental agreement between or among boards of education,
operating at any one
time in the school district where the charter school is located. In addition to these charter schools, up to but no more than 5 charter schools devoted exclusively to re-enrolled high school dropouts and/or students 16 or 15 years old at risk of dropping out may operate at any one time in any city having a population exceeding 500,000. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in subsection (b) of Section 27A-5 of this Code, each such dropout charter may operate up to 15 campuses within the city. Any of these dropout charters may have a maximum of 1,875 enrollment seats, any one of the campuses of the dropout charter may have a maximum of 165 enrollment seats, and each campus of the dropout charter must be operated, through a contract or payroll, by the same legal entity as that for which the charter is approved and certified.
For purposes of implementing this Section, the State Board shall assign a
number to each charter submission it receives under Section 27A-6 for its
review and certification, based on the chronological order in which the
submission is received by it. The State Board shall promptly notify local
school boards when the maximum numbers of certified charter schools authorized
to operate have been reached.
(c) No charter shall be granted under this Article that would convert any
existing private, parochial, or non-public school to a charter school.
(d) Enrollment in a charter school shall be open to any pupil who resides
within the geographic boundaries of the area served by the local school board, provided that the board of education in a city having a population exceeding 500,000 may designate attendance boundaries for no more than one-third of the charter schools permitted in the city if the board of education determines that attendance boundaries are needed to relieve overcrowding or to better serve low-income and at-risk students. Students residing within an attendance boundary may be given priority for enrollment, but must not be required to attend the charter school.
(e) Nothing in this Article shall prevent 2 or more local school boards from
issuing a charter to a single shared charter school, provided that all of the
provisions of this Article are met as to those local school boards.
(f) No local school board shall require any employee of the school district
to be employed in a charter school.
(g) No local school board shall require any pupil residing within the
geographic boundary of its district to enroll in a charter school.
(h) If there are more eligible applicants for enrollment in a charter school
than there are spaces available, successful applicants shall be selected by
lottery. However, priority shall be given to siblings of pupils enrolled in
the charter school and to pupils who were enrolled in the charter school the
previous school year, unless expelled for cause, and priority may be given to pupils residing within the charter school's attendance boundary, if a boundary has been designated by the board of education in a city having a population exceeding 500,000. Dual enrollment at both a
charter school and a public school or non-public school shall not be allowed.
A pupil who is suspended or expelled from a charter school shall be deemed to
be suspended or expelled from the public schools of the school district in
which the pupil resides. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this subsection (h):
(1) any charter school with a mission exclusive to
educating high school dropouts may grant priority admission to students who are high school dropouts and/or students 16 or 15 years old at risk of dropping out and any charter school with a mission exclusive to educating students from low-performing or overcrowded schools may restrict admission to students who are from low-performing or overcrowded schools; "priority admission" for charter schools exclusively devoted to re-enrolled dropouts or students at risk of dropping out means a minimum of 90% of students enrolled shall be high school dropouts; and
(2) any charter school located in a school district
that contains all or part of a federal military base may set aside up to 33% of its current charter enrollment to students with parents assigned to the federal military base, with the remaining 67% subject to the general enrollment and lottery requirements of subsection (d) of this Section and this subsection (h); if a student with a parent assigned to the federal military base withdraws from the charter school during the course of a school year for reasons other than grade promotion, those students with parents assigned to the federal military base shall have preference in filling the vacancy.
(j) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, a
school district in a city having a population exceeding 500,000 shall not
have a duty to collectively bargain with an exclusive representative of its
employees over decisions to grant or deny a charter school proposal
under Section 27A-8 of this Code, decisions to renew or revoke a charter
under Section 27A-9 of this Code, and the impact of these decisions,
provided that nothing in this Section shall have the effect of negating,
abrogating, replacing, reducing, diminishing, or limiting in any way
employee rights, guarantees, or privileges granted in Sections 2, 3, 7, 8,
10, 14, and 15 of the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act.
(k) In this Section:
"Low-performing school" means a public school in a school district organized under Article 34 of this Code that enrolls students in any of grades kindergarten through 8 and that is ranked within the lowest 10% of schools in that district in terms of the percentage of students meeting or exceeding standards on the Illinois Standards Achievement Test.
"Overcrowded school" means a public school in a school district organized under Article 34 of this Code that (i) enrolls students in any of grades kindergarten through 8, (ii) has a percentage of low-income students of 70% or more, as identified in the most recently available School Report Card published by the State Board of Education, and (iii) is determined by the Chicago Board of Education to be in the most severely overcrowded 5% of schools in the district. On or before November 1 of each year, the Chicago Board of Education shall file a report with the State Board of Education on which schools in the district meet the definition of "overcrowded school". "Students at risk of dropping out" means students 16 or 15 years old in a public school in a district organized under Article 34 of this Code that enrolls students in any grades 9-12 who have been absent at least 90 school attendance days of the previous 180 school attendance days.
(Source: P.A. 97-151, eff. 1-1-12; 97-624, eff. 11-28-11; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12; 98-474, eff. 8-16-13.)