Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
SCHOOLS105 ILCS 5/Art. 26
(105 ILCS 5/) School Code.
(105 ILCS 5/Art. 26 heading)
105 ILCS 5/26-1
(105 ILCS 5/26-1)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-1)
Compulsory school age-Exemptions.
Whoever has custody or control of any child between the ages of 7 and 17
years (unless the child has already graduated from high school)
shall cause such child to attend some public school in the district
wherein the child resides the entire time it is in session during the
regular school term, except as provided in Section 10-19.1, and during a
required summer school program established under Section 10-22.33B; provided,
the following children shall not be required to attend the public schools:
1. Any child attending a private or a parochial
school where children are taught the branches of education taught to children of corresponding age and grade in the public schools, and where the instruction of the child in the branches of education is in the English language;
2. Any child who is physically or mentally unable to
attend school, such disability being certified to the county or district truant officer by a competent physician licensed in Illinois to practice medicine and surgery in all its branches, a chiropractic physician licensed under the Medical Practice Act of 1987, an advanced practice nurse who has a written collaborative agreement with a collaborating physician that authorizes the advanced practice nurse to perform health examinations, a physician assistant who has been delegated the authority to perform health examinations by his or her supervising physician, or a Christian Science practitioner residing in this State and listed in the Christian Science Journal; or who is excused for temporary absence for cause by the principal or teacher of the school which the child attends; the exemptions in this paragraph (2) do not apply to any female who is pregnant or the mother of one or more children, except where a female is unable to attend school due to a complication arising from her pregnancy and the existence of such complication is certified to the county or district truant officer by a competent physician;
3. Any child necessarily and lawfully employed
according to the provisions of the law regulating child labor may be excused from attendance at school by the county superintendent of schools or the superintendent of the public school which the child should be attending, on certification of the facts by and the recommendation of the school board of the public school district in which the child resides. In districts having part time continuation schools, children so excused shall attend such schools at least 8 hours each week;
4. Any child over 12 and under 14 years of age while
in attendance at confirmation classes;
5. Any child absent from a public school on a
particular day or days or at a particular time of day for the reason that he is unable to attend classes or to participate in any examination, study or work requirements on a particular day or days or at a particular time of day, because the tenets of his religion forbid secular activity on a particular day or days or at a particular time of day. Each school board shall prescribe rules and regulations relative to absences for religious holidays including, but not limited to, a list of religious holidays on which it shall be mandatory to excuse a child; but nothing in this paragraph 5 shall be construed to limit the right of any school board, at its discretion, to excuse an absence on any other day by reason of the observance of a religious holiday. A school board may require the parent or guardian of a child who is to be excused from attending school due to the observance of a religious holiday to give notice, not exceeding 5 days, of the child's absence to the school principal or other school personnel. Any child excused from attending school under this paragraph 5 shall not be required to submit a written excuse for such absence after returning to school; and
6. Any child 16 years of age or older who (i)
submits to a school district evidence of necessary and lawful employment pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Section and (ii) is enrolled in a graduation incentives program pursuant to Section 26-16 of this Code or an alternative learning opportunities program established pursuant to Article 13B of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-367, eff. 8-13-09.)
105 ILCS 5/26-2
(105 ILCS 5/26-2)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-2)
Enrolled pupils below 7 or over 17.
(a) Any person having custody or
control of a child who is below the age of 7 years or is 17 years of age or above
and who is enrolled in any of grades kindergarten through 12
in the public school shall
cause him to attend the public school in the district wherein he resides when
it is in session during the regular school term, unless he is excused under
paragraph 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 of Section 26-1.
(b) A school district shall deny reenrollment in its secondary schools
child 19 years of age or above who has dropped out of school
and who could
not, because of age and lack of credits, attend classes during the normal
school year and graduate before his or her twenty-first birthday.
A district may, however, enroll the child in a graduation incentives program under Section 26-16 of this Code or an alternative learning
opportunities program established
under Article 13B.
child shall be denied reenrollment for the above reasons
unless the school district first offers the child
due process as required in cases of expulsion under Section
10-22.6. If a child is denied reenrollment after being provided with due
process, the school district must provide counseling to that child and
must direct that child to
programs, including adult education programs, that lead to graduation or
receipt of a GED diploma.
(c) A school or school district may deny enrollment to a student 17 years
or older for one semester for failure to meet minimum academic standards if all
following conditions are met:
(1) The student achieved a grade point average of
less than "D" (or its equivalent) in the semester immediately prior to the current semester.
(2) The student and the student's parent or guardian
are given written notice warning that the student is failing academically and is subject to denial from enrollment for one semester unless a "D" average (or its equivalent) or better is attained in the current semester.
(3) The parent or guardian is provided with the right
to appeal the notice, as determined by the State Board of Education in accordance with due process.
(4) The student is provided with an academic
improvement plan and academic remediation services.
(5) The student fails to achieve a "D" average (or
its equivalent) or better in the current semester.
A school or school district may deny enrollment to a student 17 years of age
older for one semester for failure to meet minimum attendance standards if all
following conditions are met:
(1) The student was absent without valid cause for
20% or more of the attendance days in the semester immediately prior to the current semester.
(2) The student and the student's parent or guardian
are given written notice warning that the student is subject to denial from enrollment for one semester unless the student is absent without valid cause less than 20% of the attendance days in the current semester.
(3) The student's parent or guardian is provided with
the right to appeal the notice, as determined by the State Board of Education in accordance with due process.
(4) The student is provided with attendance
remediation services, including without limitation assessment, counseling, and support services.
(5) The student is absent without valid cause for 20%
or more of the attendance days in the current semester.
A school or school district may not deny enrollment to a student (or
to a dropout) who is at least 17
years of age or older but below 19
years for more
than one consecutive semester for failure to meet academic or attendance
(d) No child may be denied enrollment or reenrollment under this
Section in violation
of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or the Americans with
(e) In this subsection (e), "reenrolled student" means a dropout who has
full-time in a public school. Each school district shall identify, track, and
report on the
educational progress and outcomes of reenrolled students as a subset of the
required reporting on all enrollments.
A reenrolled student who again drops out must not be counted again
against a district's dropout rate performance measure.
Board of Education shall set performance standards for programs serving
(f) The State Board of Education shall adopt any rules necessary to
changes to this Section made by Public Act 93-803.
(Source: P.A. 95-417, eff. 8-24-07.)
105 ILCS 5/26-2a
(105 ILCS 5/26-2a)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-2a)
A "truant" is defined as a child subject to compulsory school
attendance and who is absent without valid cause from such attendance for
a school day or portion thereof.
"Valid cause" for absence shall be illness, observance of a religious
holiday, death in the immediate family,
family emergency, and shall include such other situations beyond the control
of the student as determined by the board of education in each district,
or such other circumstances which cause reasonable concern to the parent
for the safety or health of the student.
"Chronic or habitual truant" shall be defined as a child who is subject to compulsory
school attendance and who is absent without valid cause from such attendance
for 5% or more of the previous 180 regular attendance days.
"Truant minor" is defined as a chronic truant to whom supportive
services, including prevention, diagnostic, intervention and remedial
services, alternative programs and other school and community resources
have been provided and have failed to result in the cessation of chronic
truancy, or have been offered and refused.
A "dropout" is defined as any child enrolled in grades 9 through 12 whose
name has been removed from the district enrollment roster for any reason
other than the student's death, extended illness, removal for medical non-compliance, expulsion, aging out, graduation, or completion of a
program of studies and who has not transferred to another public or private school and is not known to be home-schooled by his or her parents or guardians or continuing school in another country.
"Religion" for the purposes of this Article, includes all aspects of
religious observance and practice, as well as belief.
(Source: P.A. 96-1423, eff. 8-3-10; 97-218, eff. 7-28-11.)
105 ILCS 5/26-2b
(105 ILCS 5/26-2b)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-2b)
Any child enrolled in a public school who is unable,
because of the observance of a religious holiday, to attend classes on a
particular day or days or at a particular time of day shall be excused from
any examination or any study or work assignments on such particular day or
days or at such particular time of day. It shall be the responsibility of
the teachers and of the administrative officials of each public school to
make available to each child who is absent from school because of the
observance of a religious holiday an equivalent opportunity to make up any
examination, study or work requirements which he has missed because of such
absence on any particular day or days or at any particular time of day. No
special fees of any kind shall be charged to the child for making available
to such child such equivalent opportunity. No adverse or prejudicial
effects shall result to any child because of his availing himself of the
provisions of this Section.
The provisions of this Section shall apply only if the rules and
regulations of the school board promulgated pursuant to paragraph 5 of Section 26-1 have
been complied with.
(Source: P.A. 84-212.)
105 ILCS 5/26-3
(105 ILCS 5/26-3)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-3)
Teachers furnished list-Report of non-attendance-Report
of persons not on list.
The clerk or secretary of the school board of all school districts
except those employing district truant officers shall furnish the
superintendent of schools at the beginning of the school year a list of the names and
addresses of the children living in the district who come under the
provisions of this Article and of persons having custody or control of
such children. The superintendent shall at the opening of school and at other
times when required by the regional superintendent of schools compare the
list with the enrollment of the school or schools and report to the regional
superintendent of schools the names of persons having custody or control
of children included under the provisions of this Article who are truant
or who are chronic or habitual truants for whom supportive services and
other school resources have failed to correct the truant behavior and who are not in
regular attendance at the public school, and the names of such children
and their ages, stating in each case, if known, the cause of such
absence. The report shall also contain the names of any other persons
who were not enumerated in the list at the beginning of school and who
have the custody or control of children not attending school. The regional
superintendent shall, without delay, place such information at the
disposal of the regional truant officer.
(Source: P.A. 80-908.)
105 ILCS 5/26-3a
(105 ILCS 5/26-3a)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-3a)
Report of pupils no longer enrolled in school.
The clerk or secretary of the school board of all school districts shall
furnish quarterly on the first school day of October, January, April and
July to the regional superintendent and to the Secretary of State a list of pupils, excluding
transferees, who have been expelled or have withdrawn or who have left
school and have been removed from the regular attendance rolls during the
period of time school was in regular session from the time of the previous
quarterly report. Such list shall include the names and addresses of pupils
formerly in attendance, the names and addresses of persons having custody
or control of such pupils, the reason, if known, such pupils are no longer
in attendance and the date of removal from the attendance rolls. The list shall also include the names of: pupils whose withdrawal is due to extraordinary circumstances, including but not limited to economic or medical necessity or family hardship, as determined by the criteria established by the school district; pupils who have re-enrolled in school since their names were removed from the attendance rolls; any pupil certified to be a chronic or habitual truant, as defined in Section 26-2a; and pupils previously certified as chronic or habitual truants who have resumed regular school attendance. The
regional superintendent shall inform the county or district truant officer
who shall investigate to see that such pupils are in compliance with the
requirements of this Article.
Each local school district shall establish, in writing, a set of criteria for use by the local superintendent of schools in determining whether a pupil's failure to attend school is the result of extraordinary circumstances, including but not limited to economic or medical necessity or family hardship.
If a pupil re-enrolls in school after his or her name was removed from the attendance rolls or resumes regular attendance after being certified a chronic or habitual truant, the pupil must obtain and forward to the Secretary of State, on a form designated by the Secretary of State, verification of his or her re-enrollment. The verification may be in the form of a signature or seal or in any other form determined by the school board.
The State Board of Education shall, if possible, make available to any person, upon request, a comparison of drop out rates before and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 94-916, eff. 7-1-07; 95-496, eff. 8-28-07.)
105 ILCS 5/26-3b
(105 ILCS 5/26-3b)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-3b)
Beginning July 1, 1986, if any child enrolled in a public school
in grades Kindergarten through 8 is absent from school, and there is no record
that such absence is for a valid cause, as defined under Article 26 of this
Code, nor notification that the absence has been authorized by the parent,
legal guardian or other person having legal custody of such child, an
employee or other agent, whether a volunteer or otherwise, designated by
the public school in which the child
is enrolled shall, within 2 hours after the first class in which the child
is enrolled, make a reasonable effort to promptly telephone and notify
the parent, legal guardian, or other person having legal
custody of the child, of the child's absence from school. Such
notification shall not be given for an absence authorized by the parent,
legal guardian or other person having legal custody of such child. Prior
to any enrollment of a child in a public school, the school district shall
notify parents, legal guardians, or other persons having legal custody of a
child, of their responsibility to authorize any absence and to notify the
school in advance or at the time of any such absence, and that the school
requires at least one and not more than 2 telephone numbers be given for
purposes of this Section. The school district shall require that such
telephone numbers be given at the time of enrollment of the child in
school, which said numbers may be changed from time to time upon
notification to the school.
The requirements of this Section shall have been met by the school if
notification of an absence has been attempted by telephoning the 1 or 2
numbers given the school by the parent, legal guardian or other person
having legal custody of a child, whether or not there is any answer at such
telephone number or numbers. Further, the requirements of this Section
shall have been met if the said notification is given to a member of the
household of the child's parent, legal guardian or other person having
legal custody of the child, which said member of the household must be 10
years of age or older.
An employee or other agent designated by the public school who in good
faith makes a reasonable effort to notify the parent, legal guardian or
other person having legal custody of a child of the child's absence from
school, when required by this Section, shall not, as a result of his acts
or omissions, except wilful or wanton misconduct on the part of such
employee or agent in attempting to comply with the notification
requirements of this Section, be liable for civil damages.
(Source: P.A. 84-178; 84-682.)
105 ILCS 5/26-3d
(105 ILCS 5/26-3d)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-3d)
All regional superintendents, district
superintendents, and special education joint agreement directors shall
collect data concerning truants, chronic truants, and truant minor pupils
as designated by the State Board
of Education. On or before August 15 of each year, this data must be submitted to the State Board of Education.
(Source: P.A. 96-734, eff. 8-25-09.)
105 ILCS 5/26-4
(105 ILCS 5/26-4)
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-50.)
105 ILCS 5/26-5
(105 ILCS 5/26-5)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-5)
of truant officers.
The truant officer of the school district, whenever notified by the
Superintendent, teacher, or other person of violations of this Article, or
the county truant officer, when notified by the County Superintendent,
shall investigate all cases of truancy or non-attendance at school in their
respective jurisdictions, and if the children complained of are not exempt
under the provisions of this Article, the truant officer shall proceed as
is provided in this Article. The county truant officer, within the county
and the district truant officers, within their respective districts, shall
in the exercise of their duties be conservators of the peace and shall keep
the same, suppress riots, routs, affray, fighting, breaches of the peace,
and prevent crime; and may arrest offenders on view and cause them to be
brought before proper officials for trial or examination.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 31.)
105 ILCS 5/26-6
(105 ILCS 5/26-6)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-6)
List and reports in districts employing truant officers.
In school districts which employ truant officers the clerk or
secretary of the school board shall at the beginning of each school year
furnish a copy of the last school census to the superintendent of
schools (or principal teacher) in the district, together with the names
and addresses of the truant officers in the district, and the
superintendent, (or principal teacher) shall compare the census list
with the enrollment of the school or schools and, from time to time,
report to the proper truant officers the names and addresses of persons
having custody or control of children included under the provisions of
this Article who are truant or who are chronic or habitual truants for whom
supportive services and other school resources have failed to correct the
truant behavior and who are not in regular attendance at public schools
and also the names of persons having custody or control of children who are
not in regular attendance at school and whose names are not included in
the census list.
(Source: P.A. 80-908.)
105 ILCS 5/26-7
(105 ILCS 5/26-7)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-7)
to custodian-Notice of non-compliance.
If any person fails to send any child under his custody or control to
some lawful school, the truant officer or, in a school district that does not have a truant officer, the regional superintendent of schools or his or her designee
shall, as soon as practicable after
he is notified thereof, give notice in person or by mail to such person
that such child shall be present at the proper public school on the day
following the receipt of such notice. The notice shall state the date that
attendance at school must begin and that such attendance must be continuous
and consecutive in the district during the remainder of the school year.
The truant officer or, in a school district that does not have a truant officer, the regional superintendent of schools or his or her designee shall at the same time that such notice is given notify
the teacher or superintendent of the proper public school thereof and the
teacher or superintendent shall notify the truant officer or regional superintendent of schools of any
(Source: P.A. 93-858, eff. 1-1-05.)
105 ILCS 5/26-8
(105 ILCS 5/26-8)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-8)
Determination as to compliance - Complaint in circuit court.
A truant officer or, in a school district that does not have a truant officer, the regional superintendent of schools or his or her designee, after giving the notice provided in Section 26-7, shall
determine whether the notice has been complied with. If 3 notices have been given and the notices have not
been complied with, and if the persons having custody or control have knowingly
and wilfully permitted the truant behavior to continue, the regional superintendent of schools, or his or her designee, of the school district where the child resides shall conduct a truancy hearing. If the regional superintendent determines as a result of the hearing that the child is truant, the regional superintendent shall, if age appropriate at the discretion of the regional superintendent, require the student to complete 20 to 40 hours of community service over a period of 90 days. If the truancy persists, the regional superintendent shall (i) make complaint against the persons having custody or control to the state's
attorney or in the circuit court in the county where such person resides
for failure to comply with the provisions of this Article or (ii) conduct truancy mediation and encourage the student to enroll in a graduation incentives program under Section 26-16 of this Code. If, however,
after giving the notice provided in Section 26-7 the truant behavior has
continued, and the child is beyond the control of the parents, guardians
or custodians, a truancy petition shall be filed under the provisions of
Article III of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
(Source: P.A. 93-858, eff. 1-1-05; 93-1079, eff. 1-21-05.)
105 ILCS 5/26-8a
(105 ILCS 5/26-8a)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-8a)
The petition for court action shall include the name of the
truant minor, the names and addresses of persons having custody or control
of the student, the dates of the truant behavior, the dates and nature of
contacts or conferences with the student and the persons having custody
or control of the student, and the nature of the supportive services, alternative
programs and other school resources the school district provided to that
child in an effort to correct that child's truant behavior.
(Source: P.A. 80-908.)
105 ILCS 5/26-8b
(105 ILCS 5/26-8b)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-8b)
When a petition is filed, it shall be set for an
adjudicatory hearing within 10 days and acted upon within 30 days, subject
to the provisions of the Juvenile Court Act or the Juvenile Court Act of
1987 if filed thereunder.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)
105 ILCS 5/26-9
(105 ILCS 5/26-9)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-9)
officers and teachers to assist truant officers.
School officers, superintendents, teachers or other persons shall render
such assistance and furnish such information as they have to aid truant
officers in the performance of their duties.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 31.)
105 ILCS 5/26-10
(105 ILCS 5/26-10)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-10)
Fine for noncompliance.) Any person having custody or control
of a child subject to the provisions of this Article to whom notice has
been given of the child's truancy and who knowingly and wilfully permits
such a child to persist in his truancy within that school year, upon conviction
thereof shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor and shall be subject to
not more than 30 days imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $500.
(Source: P.A. 80-908.)
105 ILCS 5/26-11
(105 ILCS 5/26-11)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-11)
Punishment for certain offenses.
Any person who induces or attempts to induce any child to be absent from
school unlawfully, or who knowingly employs or harbors, while school is in
session, any child absent unlawfully from school for 3 consecutive school
days, is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 77-2267.)
105 ILCS 5/26-12
(105 ILCS 5/26-12)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-12)
No punitive action
including out of school suspensions, expulsions or court action, shall
be taken against chronic truants for such truancy unless available supportive services
and other school resources have been provided to the student.
(Source: P.A. 85-234.)
105 ILCS 5/26-13
(105 ILCS 5/26-13)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-13)
Absenteeism and truancy policies.
School districts shall
adopt policies, consistent with rules adopted by the State Board of
Education, which identify the appropriate supportive services and available
resources which are provided for truants and chronic truants.
(Source: P.A. 84-1420.)
105 ILCS 5/26-14
(105 ILCS 5/26-14)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-14)
Truancy programs for dropouts.
Any dropout, as defined in
Section 26-2a, who is 17 years of age
may apply to a school district
for status as a truant, and the school district shall permit such person to
participate in the district's various programs and resources for truants.
At the time of the person's application, the district may request
documentation of his dropout status for the previous 6 months.
(Source: P.A. 93-858, eff. 1-1-05.)
105 ILCS 5/26-15
(105 ILCS 5/26-15)
(from Ch. 122, par. 26-15)
When a regional superintendent has reason
to believe that a pupil is a truant minor as defined in Section 26-2a, the
regional superintendent may report such pupil under the provisions of the
Juvenile Court Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)
105 ILCS 5/26-16
(105 ILCS 5/26-16)
Graduation incentives program.
(a) The General Assembly finds that it is critical to provide options for children to succeed in school. The purpose of this Section is to provide incentives for and encourage all Illinois students who have experienced or are experiencing difficulty in the traditional education system to enroll in alternative programs.
(b) Any student who is below the age of 20 years is eligible to enroll in a graduation incentives program if he or she:
(1) is considered a dropout pursuant to Section
(2) has been suspended or expelled pursuant to
Section 10-22.6 or 34-19 of this Code;
(3) is pregnant or is a parent;
(4) has been assessed as chemically dependent; or
(5) is enrolled in a bilingual education or LEP
(c) The following programs qualify as graduation incentives programs for students meeting the criteria established in this Section:
(1) Any public elementary or secondary education
graduation incentives program established by a school district or by a regional office of education.
(2) Any alternative learning opportunities program
established pursuant to Article 13B of this Code.
(3) Vocational or job training courses approved by
the State Superintendent of Education that are available through the Illinois public community college system. Students may apply for reimbursement of 50% of tuition costs for one course per semester or a maximum of 3 courses per school year. Subject to available funds, students may apply for reimbursement of up to 100% of tuition costs upon a showing of employment within 6 months after completion of a vocational or job training program. The qualifications for reimbursement shall be established by the State Superintendent of Education by rule.
(4) Job and career programs approved by the State
Superintendent of Education that are available through Illinois-accredited private business and vocational schools. Subject to available funds, pupils may apply for reimbursement of up to 100% of tuition costs upon a showing of employment within 6 months after completion of a job or career program. The State Superintendent of Education shall establish, by rule, the qualifications for reimbursement, criteria for determining reimbursement amounts, and limits on reimbursement.
(5) Adult education courses that offer preparation
for the General Educational Development Test.
(d) Graduation incentives programs established by school districts are entitled to claim general State aid, subject to Sections 13B-50, 13B-50.5, and 13B-50.10 of this Code. Graduation incentives programs operated by regional offices of education are entitled to receive general State aid at the foundation level of support per pupil enrolled. A school district must ensure that its graduation incentives program receives supplemental general State aid, transportation reimbursements, and special education resources, if appropriate, for students enrolled in the program.
(Source: P.A. 93-858, eff. 1-1-05; 93-1079, eff. 1-21-05.)
105 ILCS 5/26-17
(105 ILCS 5/26-17)
(Source: P.A. 97-911, eff. 8-8-12. Repealed internally, eff. 11-2-12.)
105 ILCS 5/Art. 27
(105 ILCS 5/Art. 27 heading)
COURSES OF STUDY--SPECIAL INSTRUCTION