Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(105 ILCS 5/) School Code.

105 ILCS 5/13-12

    (105 ILCS 5/13-12) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-12)
    Sec. 13-12. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1606. Repealed by P.A. 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-16

    (105 ILCS 5/13-16) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-16)
    Sec. 13-16. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1606. Repealed by P.A. 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-17

    (105 ILCS 5/13-17) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-17)
    Sec. 13-17. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 81-1489. Repealed by 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-17.1

    (105 ILCS 5/13-17.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-17.1)
    Sec. 13-17.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 87-767. Repealed by 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-18

    (105 ILCS 5/13-18) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-18)
    Sec. 13-18. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 31. Repealed by P.A. 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-19

    (105 ILCS 5/13-19) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-19)
    Sec. 13-19. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 78-592. Repealed by P.A. 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13-19.1

    (105 ILCS 5/13-19.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-19.1)
    Sec. 13-19.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 3053. Repealed by P.A. 89-159, eff. 1-1-96.)

105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 13-36

    (105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 13-36 heading)

105 ILCS 5/13-36

    (105 ILCS 5/13-36)
    Sec. 13-36. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 79-1366. Repealed by P.A. 94-1105, eff. 6-1-07.)

105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 13-40

    (105 ILCS 5/prec. Sec. 13-40 heading)
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-40

    (105 ILCS 5/13-40) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-40)
    Sec. 13-40. To increase the effectiveness of the Department of Juvenile Justice and thereby to better serve the interests of the people of Illinois the following bill is presented.
    Its purpose is to enhance the quality and scope of education for inmates and wards within the Department of Juvenile Justice so that they will be better motivated and better equipped to restore themselves to constructive and law abiding lives in the community. The specific measure sought is the creation of a school district within the Department so that its educational programs can meet the needs of persons committed and so the resources of public education at the state and federal levels are best used, all of the same being contemplated within the provisions of the Illinois State Constitution of 1970 which provides that "A fundamental goal of the People of the State is the educational development of all persons to the limits of their capacities." Therefore, on July 1, 2006, the Department of Corrections school district shall be transferred to the Department of Juvenile Justice. It shall be responsible for the education of youth within the Department of Juvenile Justice and inmates age 21 or under within the Department of Corrections who have not yet earned a high school diploma or a high school equivalency certificate, and the district may establish primary, secondary, vocational, adult, special, and advanced educational schools as provided in this Act. The Department of Corrections retains authority as provided for in subsection (d) of Section 3-6-2 of the Unified Code of Corrections. The Board of Education for this district shall with the aid and advice of professional educational personnel of the Department of Juvenile Justice and the State Board of Education determine the needs and type of schools and the curriculum for each school within the school district and may proceed to establish the same through existing means within present and future appropriations, federal and state school funds, vocational rehabilitation grants and funds and all other funds, gifts and grants, private or public, including federal funds, but not exclusive to the said sources but inclusive of all funds which might be available for school purposes.
(Source: P.A. 98-718, eff. 1-1-15.)

105 ILCS 5/13-41

    (105 ILCS 5/13-41) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-41)
    Sec. 13-41. The Board of Education for this school district shall be composed of the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice, 2 members appointed by the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice and 4 members appointed by the State Board of Education, at least one of whom shall have knowledge of, or experience in, vocational education and one of whom shall have knowledge of, or experience in, higher and continuing education. All members of the Board shall hold office for a period of 3 years, except that members shall continue to serve until their replacements are appointed. Vacancies shall be filled in like manner for the unexpired balance of the term. The members appointed shall be selected so far as is practicable on the basis of their knowledge of, or experience in, problems of education in correctional, vocational and general educational institutions. Members shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-42

    (105 ILCS 5/13-42) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-42)
    Sec. 13-42. The Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be the President of the Board of Education and the Secretary of said Board of Education shall be designated at the first regular meeting of said Board of Education. The Board shall hold regular meetings upon the call of the Chairman or any 3 members at such times as they may designate so long as they meet at least 6 times a year. Public notice of meetings must be given as prescribed in Sections 2.02 and 2.03 of "An Act in relation to meetings", approved July 11, 1957, as heretofore or hereafter amended. No official business shall be transacted by the Board except at a regular or special meeting. A majority of said Board shall constitute a quorum.
    The Board shall keep a record of the official acts of the Board and shall make reports as required by the State Board of Education and any reports required which shall be applicable to this type of school district and specifically shall maintain records to substantiate all district claims for State aid in accordance with regulations prescribed by the State Board of Education and to retain such records for a period of three years.
    The Board shall be supplied such clerical employee or employees as are necessary for the efficient operation by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43)
    Sec. 13-43. The Board of Education shall have the duties set out in Sections 13-43.1 through 13-43.20.
(Source: P.A. 86-1028.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.1

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.1)
    Sec. 13-43.1. To report to the County Superintendent within ten days after their employment the names of all teachers employed, with the dates of the beginning of their term of service.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.2

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.2) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.2)
    Sec. 13-43.2. To adopt and enforce all necessary rules and for the management and government of the public schools of their district.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.3

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.3) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.3)
    Sec. 13-43.3. To visit and inspect the public schools as the good of the schools may require.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.4

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.4) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.4)
    Sec. 13-43.4.
    To close the schools during the holding of Teachers Institute.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.5

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.5) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.5)
    Sec. 13-43.5. To establish schools of different grades and levels and types as enumerated in Section 13-40 of this Act, and to adopt regulations for the admission of pupils into them.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.6

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.6) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.6)
    Sec. 13-43.6. To employ a superintendent who shall have charge of the administration of the schools under the direction of the Board of Education. In addition to the administrative duties, the superintendent shall make recommendations to the Board concerning the budget, building plans, the location of sites, the selection of textbooks, instructional material and courses of study. The superintendent shall keep or cause to be kept the records and accounts as directed and required of the Board, aid in making reports required by the Board, and perform such other duties as the Board may delegate to him.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.7

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.7) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.7)
    Sec. 13-43.7. To employ supervisory personnel who hold valid supervisory or administrative certificates who shall supervise the operation of attendance centers as the Board shall determine necessary. Such supervisory personnel shall assume administrative responsibilities and instructional leadership, under the supervision of the superintendent, and in accordance with reasonable rules and regulations of the Board, for the planning, operation and evaluation of the educational program of the attendance area to which he is assigned. Such supervisory personnel shall submit recommendations to the superintendent concerning the appointment, retention, promotion and assignment of all personnel assigned to the attendance center.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.8

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.8) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.8)
    Sec. 13-43.8. To enter agreements with school districts, private junior colleges and public community colleges, and public and private colleges and universities for the purpose of providing advanced vocational training of students who desire preparation for a trade. Such program would utilize private junior college and public community college facilities with transportation to and from those facilities provided by the participating school district, or by the participating school district in conjunction with other school districts. The duration of the advanced vocational training program shall be such period as the school district may approve, but it may not exceed 2 years. Participation in the program is accorded the same credit toward a high school diploma as time spent in other courses. If a student of this school district, because of his educational needs, attends a class or school in another school district or educational facility, the Department of Juvenile Justice School District where he resides shall be granted the proper permit, provide any necessary transportation, and pay to the school district or educational facility maintaining the educational facility the proportional per capita cost of educating such student.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.9

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.9) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.9)
    Sec. 13-43.9. To grant special holidays, but no deduction shall be made from the time or compensation of a teacher on account of such days.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.10

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.10) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.10)
    Sec. 13-43.10. To have control and supervision of all schoolhouses in their district.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.11

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.11) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.11)
    Sec. 13-43.11. Subject to the rules and regulations of the Department of Juvenile Justice and the laws and statutes applicable, the Board shall have the power and the authority to assign to schools within the district and to expel or suspend pupils for disciplinary purposes or to assign or reassign them as the needs of the district or the pupil shall be determined best. Once a student commences a course of training he shall attend all sessions unless restricted by illness, a reasonable excuse or by direction of the Department of Juvenile Justice or the facility at which he is located. Conferences shall be held at regular periodic intervals with the ward or the inmate and the school district authorities and facility officials shall determine the extent the ward or inmate is benefiting from the particular program, and shall further determine whether the said ward or inmate shall continue in the program to which he is assigned or be dropped from the same or be transferred to another program more suited to his needs or the school district's needs.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.12

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.12) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.12)
    Sec. 13-43.12. To make the necessary rules and regulations as to enrollment, attendance and all other matters regarding said school district and to determine the educability of each inmate. Rules shall be promulgated to prevent any discrimination as to race, creed, color, sex or nationality throughout the entire system.
(Source: P.A. 80-1155.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.13

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.13) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.13)
    Sec. 13-43.13. The length of the school year shall be determined by the Board of Education, but must comply with minimum requirements as established by law.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.14

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.14) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.14)
    Sec. 13-43.14. The Board shall determine the branches and courses of study and the type of schools for each facility as well as to establish special schools at various facilities or facility within said district and to establish district wide schools at one or more locations for special purposes, and is empowered to enter into agreements with local school districts for the purpose of using their facilities or coordinating facilities for a more efficient use of funds, personnel, physical plants and other combined available resources. The Board shall also determine the type of textbooks and apparatus for said schools.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.15

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.15) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.15)
    Sec. 13-43.15. To name the various individual schools but said names need not be associated or identified with the institution or facility within which they are situated, the same may be named for distinguished American educators.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.16

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.16) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.16)
    Sec. 13-43.16. The Board of Education shall comply with and require all facilities within the school district to comply with the rules, regulations, statutes, both state and federal which are applicable to the individual unit. This includes primary, secondary, vocational, adult educational, special educational and advanced educational schools.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.17

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.17) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.17)
    Sec. 13-43.17. To employ teacher personnel in accordance with the Personnel Code, of the State of Illinois, including Provisional Appointments, and such teacher personnel will be subject to Article 16 of the "Illinois Pension Code" and shall not be subject to Article 14 of that Code; and shall be subject to the "Personnel Code." The Board may also utilize personnel as set forth in Section 10-22.34 of this Act as well as vocational and occupational instructors.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.18

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.18) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.18)
    Sec. 13-43.18. To develop through consultation with the staff of the Department of Juvenile Justice and the staff of the State Board of Education educational goals and objectives for the correctional education programs planned for or conducted by the district, along with the methods for evaluating the extent to which the goals and objectives are or have been achieved and to develop by July 1, 1973, a complete financial control system for all educational funds and programs operated by the school district.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.19

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.19) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.19)
    Sec. 13-43.19. To develop and annually revise an educational plan for achieving the goals and objectives called for in Section 13-43.18 for the Department of Juvenile Justice with specific recommendations for inmate educational assessment, curriculum, staffing and other necessary considerations.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-43.20

    (105 ILCS 5/13-43.20) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-43.20)
    Sec. 13-43.20. To develop a method or methods for allocating state funds to the Board for expenditure within the various divisions and/or for programs conducted by the Board, and to annually determine the average per capita cost of students in the Department of Juvenile Justice and the average per capita cost of students in the Department of Corrections for education classes and/or programs required to accomplish the educational goals and objectives and programs specified in Sections 13-43.18 and 13-43.19 and recommend to the State Board of Education by July 15 of each year the per capita amount necessary to operate the Department of Juvenile Justice School District's educational program for the following fiscal year.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44)
    Sec. 13-44. Other provisions, duties and conditions of the Department of Juvenile Justice School District are set out in Sections 13-44.1 through 13-44.5.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44.1

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44.1)
    Sec. 13-44.1. All acts of school personnel, including the Board of Education, shall be acts in a governmental capacity, this includes personnel as set forth in Section 10-22.34 of this Act whose services the Board may utilize.
(Source: P.A. 77-1779.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44.2

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44.2) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44.2)
    Sec. 13-44.2. There shall be no restriction as to the age of students in this program, and regardless of the age of its students, the district shall have all the benefits, financial and otherwise, that are accorded to other school districts, including State and Federal grants and aid, Common School Funds, and Vocational Rehabilitation Funds. In calculating such benefits, those inmates or wards who have not completed grade or high school and those taking vocational courses and advanced courses shall be included.
(Source: P.A. 86-1028.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44.3

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44.3) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44.3)
    Sec. 13-44.3. In order to fully carry out the purpose of this Act, the School District through its Board or designated supervisory personnel, with the approval of the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice, may authorize field trips outside of the particular institution or facility where a school is established and may remove students therefrom or may with the approval of the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice transfer inmates and wards to other schools and other facilities where particular subject matter or facilities are more suited to or are needed to complete the inmates' or wards' education. The Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice may authorize an educational furlough for an inmate or ward to attend institutions of higher education, other schools, vocational or technical schools or enroll and attend classes in subjects not available within the School District, to be financed by the inmate or ward or any grant or scholarship which may be available, including school aid funds of any kind when approved by the Board and the Director of the Department.
    The Department of Juvenile Justice may extend the limits of the place of confinement of an inmate or ward under the above conditions and for the above purposes, to leave for the aforesaid reasons, the confines of such place, accompanied or unaccompanied, in the discretion of the Director of such Department by a custodial agent or educational personnel.
    The willful failure of an inmate or ward to remain within the extended limits of his or her confinement or to return within the time prescribed to the place of confinement designated by the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice in granting such extension or when ordered to return by the custodial personnel or the educational personnel or other departmental order shall be deemed an escape from the custody of such Department and punishable as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections as to the Department of Corrections inmates, and the applicable provision of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 shall apply to wards of the Department of Juvenile Justice who might abscond.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44.4

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44.4) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44.4)
    Sec. 13-44.4. Department of Corrections Reimbursement and Education Fund; budget. All moneys received from the Common School Fund, federal aid and grants, vocational and educational funds and grants, and gifts and grants by individuals, foundations and corporations for educational purposes shall be deposited into the Department of Corrections Reimbursement and Education Fund in the State Treasury. Moneys in the Department of Corrections Reimbursement and Education Fund may be used, subject to appropriation, to pay the expense of the schools and school district of the Department of Corrections together with and supplemental to regular appropriations to the Department for educational purposes, including, but not limited to, the cost of teacher salaries, supplies and materials, building upkeep and costs, transportation, scholarships, non-academic salaries, equipment and other school costs.
    Beginning in 1972, the Board of Education shall, by November 15, adopt an annual budget for the use of education moneys for the next school year which it deems necessary to defray all necessary expenses and liabilities of the district, and in such annual budget shall specify the objects and purposes of each item and the amount needed for each object or purpose. The budget shall contain a statement of cash on hand at the beginning of the fiscal year, an estimate of the cash expected to be received during such fiscal year from all sources, an estimate of the expenditure contemplated for such fiscal year, and a statement of the estimated cash expected to be on hand at the end of such year. Prior to the adoption of the annual educational budget, this budget shall be submitted to the Department of Corrections and the State Board of Education for incorporation.
(Source: P.A. 90-9, eff. 7-1-97; 90-587, eff. 7-1-98.)

105 ILCS 5/13-44.5

    (105 ILCS 5/13-44.5) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-44.5)
    Sec. 13-44.5. In all cases where an inmate or ward is to leave the institution or facility where he or she is confined for educational furloughs, vocational training, for field trips or for any other reason herein stated, authority must first be granted by the Department of Juvenile Justice and the said authority shall be discretionary with the Department of Juvenile Justice. The question of whether or not the said inmate or ward or group of inmates or wards shall be accompanied or not accompanied by security personnel, custodial agent or agents or only educational personnel shall be in the discretion of the Department of Juvenile Justice. All transfers must be approved by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

105 ILCS 5/13-45

    (105 ILCS 5/13-45) (from Ch. 122, par. 13-45)
    Sec. 13-45. Other provisions of this Code shall not apply to the Department of Juvenile Justice School District being all of the following Articles and Sections: Articles 3, 3A, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, those Sections of Article 10 in conflict with any provisions of Sections 13-40 through 13-45, and Articles 11, 12, 15, 17, 18, 19, 19A, 20, 22, 24, 24A, 26, 31, 32, 33, and 34. Also Article 28 shall not apply except that this School District may use any funds available from State, Federal and other funds for the purchase of textbooks, apparatus and equipment.
(Source: P.A. 98-689, eff. 1-1-15.)

105 ILCS 5/13-50

    (105 ILCS 5/13-50)
    Sec. 13-50. Contract cancellation; Macon-Piatt Regional Office of Education. All contracts between the Illinois Department of Corrections or the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice and the Macon-Piatt Regional Office of Education to provide educational services for the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be canceled in accordance with the terms of those contracts. Upon cancellation, each employee of the Macon-Piatt Regional Office of Education who had been providing educational services for the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be offered certified employment status under the Personnel Code with the State of Illinois. To the extent that it is reasonably practicable, unless otherwise agreed to by the Department of Central Management Services and the collective bargaining representative, the position offered to each of these persons shall be at the same facility and shall consist of the same duties and hours as previously existed under the canceled contract or contracts.
(Source: P.A. 95-1021, eff. 6-1-09.)

105 ILCS 5/Art. 13A

    (105 ILCS 5/Art. 13A heading)

105 ILCS 5/13A-0.5

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-0.5)
    Sec. 13A-0.5. This Article may be cited as the Safe Schools Law.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-1

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-1)
    Sec. 13A-1. Legislative Declaration. The General Assembly finds and declares as follows:
    (a) The children of this State constitute its most important resource, and in order to enable those children to reach their full potential, the State must provide them the quality public education that the Constitution of the State of Illinois mandates.
    (b) The State cannot provide its children with the education they deserve and require unless the environment of the public schools is conducive to learning.
    (c) That environment cannot be achieved unless an atmosphere of safety prevails, assuring that the person of each student, teacher, and staff member is respected, and that none of those people are subjected to violence, threats, harassment, intimidation, or otherwise confrontational or inappropriate behaviors that disrupt the educational atmosphere.
    (d) In most schools, although the disruptive students who are the primary cause of inappropriate educational environments comprise a small percentage of the total student body, they nevertheless consume a substantial amount of the time and resources of teachers and school administrators who are required to address and contain that disruptive behavior.
    (e) Disruptive students typically derive little benefit from traditional school programs and may benefit substantially by being transferred from their current school into an alternative public school program, where their particular needs may be more appropriately and individually addressed and where they may benefit from the opportunity for a fresh start in a new educational environment. At those alternative school programs, innovative academic and school-to-work programs, including but not limited to the techniques of work based learning and technology delivered learning, can be utilized to best help the students enrolled in those schools to become productive citizens.
    (f) Students need an appropriate, constructive classroom atmosphere in order to benefit from the teacher's presentations. Students cannot afford the classroom disruptions and often become frustrated and angry at the inability of their teachers and schools to control disruptive students. As a result, they drop out of school too often. Furthermore, even if these students stay in school and graduate, they have been deprived by their disruptive classmates of the attention to their educational needs that their teachers would otherwise have provided, thereby diminishing their receiving the education and skills necessary to secure good jobs and become productive members of an increasingly competitive economic environment.
    (g) Parents of school children statewide have expressed their rising anger and concern at the failure of their local public schools to provide a safe and appropriate educational environment for their children and to deal appropriately with disruptive students, and the General Assembly deems their concerns to be understandable and justified.
    (h) Every school district in the State shall do all it can to ensure a safe and appropriate educational environment for all of its students, and the first, but not the only, step school districts must take to achieve that goal is to administratively transfer disruptive students from the schools they currently attend to the alternative school programs created by this Article. Those administrative transfers will also provide optional educational programs to best fit the needs of the transferred students.
    (i) Administrative transfers may prove more productive for dealing with disruptive students than out-of-school suspensions or expulsions, which have been the subject of much criticism.
    (j) Because of the urgency of the problems described in this Section, as well as their statewide impact, the State of Illinois bears the responsibility to establish and fully fund alternative schools as soon as possible, thereby providing school districts with an option for dealing with disruptive students that they do not now possess.
    (k) While school districts shall comply with all applicable federal laws and regulations, they should do so consistent with the goals and policies stated in this Article. Further, this Article is intended to be consistent with all applicable federal laws and regulations.
    (l) An alternative school program established under this Article is subject to the other provisions of this Code that apply generally in the public schools of this State and to the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, except as otherwise provided in this Article.
    (m) The provisions of the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act apply to those alternative school programs that are created on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1995.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95; 89-629, eff. 8-9-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2)
    Sec. 13A-2. Definitions. In this Article words and phrases have the meanings set forth in the following Sections.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.5

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.5)
    Sec. 13A-2.5. Disruptive student. "Disruptive student" includes suspension or expulsion eligible students in any of grades 6 through 12. Suspension or expulsion eligible students are those students that have been found to be eligible for suspension or expulsion through the discipline process established by a school district.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.10

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.10)
    Sec. 13A-2.10. Regional superintendent. "Regional superintendent" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 3A-2 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.15

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.15)
    Sec. 13A-2.15. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95. Repealed by P.A. 89-629, eff. 8-9-96.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.20

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.20)
    Sec. 13A-2.20. Educational service region. "Educational service region" has the meaning ascribed to it in Article 3A of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.25

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.25)
    Sec. 13A-2.25. State board. "State board" means the State Board of Education, as defined in Section 1A-1 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-2.30

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-2.30)
    Sec. 13A-2.30. District superintendent. "District superintendent" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 10-21.4 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95.)

105 ILCS 5/13A-3

    (105 ILCS 5/13A-3)
    Sec. 13A-3. Alternative schools.
    (a) Except with respect to the Chicago public school system as provided in Section 13A-11, beginning with the 1996-97 school year, there is hereby created in this State a system of alternative school education programs. At least one alternative school program may be located within each educational service region or established jointly by more than one regional office of education to serve more than one educational service region.
    (b) Each regional superintendent shall hold a public hearing, by December 1 of the school year following the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1995, to determine the need for an alternative school. The hearing shall be held before the regional board. The regional superintendent, after consulting with the district superintendent of each school district located within the regional superintendent's educational service region and the regional board, shall determine the location and the need of the alternative school within that region. In making this determination, the regional superintendent shall consider the following:
        (1) the possible utilization of existing buildings,
including but not limited to governmental buildings, that are, or could reasonably be made, usable as an alternative school;
        (2) which available option would be least costly; and
        (3) distances that administratively transferred
students would need to travel and the costs of that travel.
    (c) Upon determination of the need for establishment of an alternative school program, each school district located within the region shall provide the regional superintendent with a copy of the district's discipline policy and procedure for effecting the suspension or expulsion of the students of that district. Thereafter, the regional superintendent in cooperation with a representative from each school district in the region shall establish and each school district in the region shall adopt policies and procedures that shall guide each district in the identification and placement of students in the alternative school program.
    (d) The regional superintendent shall locate the alternative school program so that it is as far away from any other school buildings or school grounds in that educational service region as circumstances permit.
    (e) With the approval of the State board, additional alternative school programs may be established in an educational service region. If the regional superintendent determines that an additional alternative school is required in the regional superintendent's educational service region, he or she may petition the State board to authorize one or more additional alternative school programs in that region.
    (f) In determining whether an additional alternative school program is necessary and appropriate for an educational service region requesting it, the State board shall consider, among other factors, the following:
        (1) the geographic size of the educational service
region and distances that students within that region must travel in order to attend the existing alternative school program;
        (2) the student population of schools comprising the
educational service region and the likely student population of all alternative school programs within that region if the petition is granted;
        (3) any other logistical considerations; and
        (4) the costs necessitated by establishing an
additional alternative school in that educational service region.
    (g) In the event the State board grants a petition for an additional alternative school program, then the State board, after consulting the regional superintendent, shall decide where the additional alternative school program shall be located within that region.
(Source: P.A. 89-383, eff. 8-18-95; 89-629, eff. 8-9-96.)