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MUNICIPALITIES
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2)
    Sec. 11-31-2. (a) If the appropriate official of any municipality determines, upon due investigation, that any building or structure therein fails to conform to the minimum standards of health and safety as set forth in the applicable ordinances of such municipality, and the owner or owners of such building or structure fails, after due notice, to cause such property so to conform, the municipality may make application to the circuit court for an injunction requiring compliance with such ordinances or for such other order as the court may deem necessary or appropriate to secure such compliance.
    If the appropriate official of any municipality determines, upon due investigation, that any building or structure located within the area affected by a conservation plan, adopted by the municipality pursuant to the Urban Community Conservation Act, fails to conform to the standards and provisions of such plan, and the owner or owners of such building or structure fails, after due notice, to cause such property so to conform, the municipality has the power to make application to the circuit court for an injunction requiring compliance with such plan or for such other order as the court may deem necessary or appropriate to secure such compliance.
    The hearing upon such suit shall be expedited by the court and shall be given precedence over all other actions.
    If, upon application hereunder, the court orders the appointment of a receiver to cause such building or structure to conform, such receiver may use the rents and issues of such property toward maintenance, repair and rehabilitation of the property prior to and despite any assignment of rents; and the court may further authorize the receiver to recover the cost of such maintenance, repair and rehabilitation by the issuance and sale of notes or receiver's certificates bearing such interest as the court may fix, and such notes or certificates, after their initial issuance and transfer by the receiver, shall be freely transferable and when sold or transferred by the receiver in return for a valuable consideration in money, material, labor or services, shall be a first lien upon the real estate and the rents and issues thereof, and shall be superior to all prior assignments of rents and all prior existing liens and encumbrances, except taxes; provided, that within 90 days of such sale or transfer for value by the receiver of such note or certificate, the holder thereof shall file notice of lien in the office of the recorder in the county in which the real estate is located, or in the office of the registrar of titles of such county if the real estate affected is registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The notice of the lien filed shall set forth (1) a description of the real estate affected sufficient for the identification thereof, (2) the face amount of the receiver's note or certificate, together with the interest payable thereon, and (3) the date when the receiver's note or certificate was sold or transferred for value by the receiver. Upon payment to the holder of the receiver's note or certificate of the face amount thereof together with any interest thereon to such date of payment, and upon the filing of record of a sworn statement of such payment, the lien of such certificate shall be released. Unless the lien is enforced pursuant to subsection (b), the lien may be enforced by proceedings to foreclose as in the case of mortgages or mechanics' liens, and such action to foreclose such lien may be commenced at any time after the date of default. For the purposes of this subsection (a), the date of default shall be deemed to occur 90 days from the date of issuance of the receiver's certificate if at that time the certificate remains unpaid in whole or in part.
    In the event a receiver appointed under this subsection (a) completes a feasibility study which study finds that the property cannot be economically brought into compliance with the minimum standards of health and safety as set forth in the applicable ordinances of the municipality, the receiver may petition the court for reimbursement for the cost of the feasibility study from the receivership feasibility study and fee fund. The court shall review the petition and authorize reimbursement from the fund to the receiver if the court finds that the findings in the feasibility report are reasonable, that the fee for the feasibility report is reasonable, and that the receiver is unable to obtain reimbursement other than by foreclosure of a lien on the property. If the court grants the petition for reimbursement from the fund and, upon receiving certification from the court of the amount to be paid, the county treasurer shall order that amount paid from the fund to the receiver. If the court grants the petition for reimbursement from the fund, the court shall also authorize and direct the receiver to issue a certificate of lien against title. The recorded lien shall be a first lien upon the real estate and shall be superior to all prior liens and encumbrances except real estate taxes. The court shall also order the receiver to reimburse the fund to the extent that the receiver is reimbursed upon foreclosure of the receiver's lien upon sale of the property.
    In any proceedings hereunder in which the court orders the appointment of a receiver, the court may further authorize the receiver to enter into such agreements and to do such acts as may be required to obtain first mortgage insurance on the receiver's notes or certificates from an agency of the Federal Government.
    (b) In any case where a municipality has obtained a lien pursuant to subsection (a), the municipality may enforce such lien pursuant to this subsection (b) in the same proceeding in which the lien is authorized.
    A municipality desiring to enforce a lien under this subsection (b) shall petition the court to retain jurisdiction for foreclosure proceedings under this subsection. Notice of the petition shall be served, by certified or registered mail, on all persons who were served notice under subsection (a). The court shall conduct a hearing on the petition not less than 15 days after such notice is served. If the court determines that the requirements of this subsection (b) have been satisfied, it shall grant the petition and retain jurisdiction over the matter until the foreclosure proceeding is completed. If the court denies the petition, the municipality may enforce the lien in a separate action as provided in subsection (a).
    All persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as necessary parties in a mortgage foreclosure action shall be joined as parties prior to issuance of an order of foreclosure. Persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as permissible parties may also be joined as parties in the action.
    The provisions of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure applicable to mortgage foreclosures shall apply to the foreclosure of a lien pursuant to this subsection (b), except to the extent that such provisions are inconsistent with this subsection. However, for purposes of foreclosures of liens pursuant to this subsection, the redemption period described in subsection (b) of Section 15-1603 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall end 60 days after the date of entry of the order of foreclosure.
(Source: P.A. 91-554, eff. 8-14-99.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.1)
    Sec. 11-31-2.1. (a) If a municipality petitions for appointment of a receiver pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Act and it clearly appears from specific facts shown by affidavit or by verified petition or verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damage will result before personal service can practicably be had, a receiver may be appointed upon a showing that the municipality attempted to give notice by any means practicable and reasonably calculated to give actual notice under the circumstances, including by telephone to the defendant's last known phone number or by mailing to the defendant's last known address. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to this subsection, another hearing shall be set at the earliest practicable date.
    (b) Within 10 days after the appointment of a receiver pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section, the municipality shall attempt to obtain personal service, but if unable to obtain personal service and a summons duly issued in such action is returned without service stating that service cannot be obtained, then the municipality, its agent or attorney, may file an affidavit stating that the defendant is not a resident of this State or has departed from this State, or on due inquiry cannot be found or is concealed within this State so that process cannot be served upon him or her, and also stating the place of residence of the defendant, if known, or if not, that upon diligent inquiry affiant has not been able to ascertain the defendant's place of residence, and the defendant may be notified by mailing to the defendant's last known address and posting at the real estate in receivership, or by such mailing and by publication pursuant to Section 2-206 of the Code of Civil Procedure. In cases where a defendant is notified by mailing and posting or by mailing and publication and the defendant does not appear generally, the court may not enter a personal judgment against the defendant, but may continue the receivership and authorize the issuance of receiver's certificates to become liens upon the real estate, as provided in Section 11-31-2 of this Act.
    (c) For purposes of notice by mail to owners as provided in Section 11-31-2.1, if the municipality in which the real estate subject to receivership is located has an owner registration ordinance, mailing to the addresses of unserved owners at the addresses registered with the municipality pursuant to the ordinance shall be sufficient. Notice shall be deemed provided 4 days after mailing. The notice shall state the caption and case number of the action, the address of the affected real estate, the fact that a receiver may be or has been appointed, the possibility that a lien may be filed against the real estate as a result of the appointment, and the date, time and place of the next court hearing on the matter.
(Source: P.A. 85-634.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.2)
    Sec. 11-31-2.2. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Code, the receiver may file in the appointing Court an eviction action as provided in Article IX of the Code of Civil Procedure. Filing fees and court costs shall be waived for a receiver filing under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 100-173, eff. 1-1-18.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.3)
    Sec. 11-31-2.3. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Act, the applicant's bond shall be excused. The court also may excuse the surety on the receiver's bond upon a showing that the receiver is especially qualified for the appointment. Evidence of special qualifications shall include but not be limited to: (a) satisfactory past performance as a receiver; (b) prior real estate management or development experience; (c) licensure or certification in a relevant profession or occupation; or (d) specialized training as a receiver.
(Source: P.A. 85-634.)

65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1

 
    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1 heading)
DIVISION 31.1. BUILDING CODE VIOLATIONS

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-1)
    Sec. 11-31.1-1. Definitions. As used in this Division, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Code" means any municipal ordinance, law, housing or building code or zoning ordinance that establishes construction, plumbing, heating, electrical, fire prevention, sanitation or other health and safety standards that are applicable to structures in a municipality or any municipal ordinance that requires, after notice, the cutting of weeds, the removal of garbage and debris, the removal of inoperable motor vehicles, or the abatement of nuisances from private property;
    (b) "Building inspector" means a full time state, county or municipal employee whose duties include the inspection or examination of structures or property in a municipality to determine if zoning or other code violations exist;
    (c) "Property owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of a structure;
    (d) "Hearing officer" means a municipal employee or an officer or agent of a municipality, other than a building inspector or law enforcement officer, whose duty it is to:
        (1) preside at an administrative hearing called to
    
determine whether or not a code violation exists;
        (2) hear testimony and accept evidence from the
    
building inspector, the building owner and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation;
        (3) preserve and authenticate the transcript and
    
record of the hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
        (4) issue and sign a written finding, decision and
    
order stating whether a code violation exists.
(Source: P.A. 91-162, eff. 7-16-99.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-2)
    Sec. 11-31.1-2. Code hearing department. The corporate authorities of any municipality may adopt this Division and establish a Code Hearing Department within an existing code enforcement agency or as a separate and independent agency in the municipal government. The function of the hearing department is to expedite the prosecution and correction of code violations in the manner set forth in this Division.
(Source: P.A. 88-37.)