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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MUNICIPALITIES
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/Art. 1 Div. 1

 
    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 1 Div. 1 heading)
DIVISION 1. SHORT TITLE, DEFINITIONS,
SCOPE OF CODE, GRANT OF CERTAIN POWERS

65 ILCS 5/1-1-1

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-1) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-1)
    Sec. 1-1-1. This Code shall be known and may be cited as the Illinois Municipal Code.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-2

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-2)
    Sec. 1-1-2. Definitions. In this Code:
    (1) "Municipal" or "municipality" means a city, village, or incorporated town in the State of Illinois, but, unless the context otherwise provides, "municipal" or "municipality" does not include a township, town when used as the equivalent of a township, incorporated town that has superseded a civil township, county, school district, park district, sanitary district, or any other similar governmental district. If "municipal" or "municipality" is given a different definition in any particular Division or Section of this Act, that definition shall control in that division or Section only.
    (2) "Corporate authorities" means (a) the mayor and aldermen or similar body when the reference is to cities, (b) the president and trustees or similar body when the reference is to villages or incorporated towns, and (c) the council when the reference is to municipalities under the commission form of municipal government.
    (3) "Electors" means persons qualified to vote for elective officers at municipal elections.
    (4) "Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, joint stock association, or the State of Illinois or any subdivision of the State; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative of any of those entities.
    (5) Except as otherwise provided by ordinance, "fiscal year" in all municipalities with fewer than 500,000 inhabitants, and "municipal year" in all municipalities, means the period elapsing (a) between general municipal elections in succeeding calendar years, or (b) if general municipal elections are held biennially, then between a general municipal election and the same day of the same month of the following calendar year, and between that day and the next succeeding general municipal election, or (c) if general municipal elections are held quadrennially, then between a general municipal election and the same day of the same month of the following calendar year, and between that day and the same day of the same month of the next following calendar year, and between the last mentioned day and the same day of the same month of the next following calendar year, and between the last mentioned day and the next succeeding general municipal election. The fiscal year of each municipality with 500,000 or more inhabitants shall commence on January 1.
    (6) Where reference is made to a county within which a municipality, district, area, or territory is situated, the reference is to the county within which is situated the major part of the area of that municipality, district, area, or territory, in case the municipality, district, area, or territory is situated in 2 or more counties.
    (7) Where reference is made for any purpose to any other Act, either specifically or generally, the reference shall be to that Act and to all amendments to that Act now in force or that may be hereafter enacted.
    (8) Wherever the words "city council", "aldermen", "commissioners", or "mayor" occur, the provisions containing these words shall apply to the board of trustees, trustees, and president, respectively, of villages and incorporated towns and councilmen in cities, so far as those provisions are applicable to them.
    (9) The terms "special charter" and "special Act" are synonymous.
    (10) "General municipal election" means the biennial regularly scheduled election for the election of officers of cities, villages, and incorporated towns, as prescribed by the general election law; in the case of municipalities that elect officers annually, "general municipal election" means each regularly scheduled election for the election of officers of cities, villages, and incorporated towns.
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-2.1

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-2.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-2.1)
    Sec. 1-1-2.1. The president of a village or incorporated town may be referred to as mayor or president of such village or incorporated town.
(Source: P.A. 76-1911.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-3

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-3) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-3)
    Sec. 1-1-3. All existing municipalities which were incorporated or which changed their corporate organization under "An Act to provide for the incorporation of cities and villages," approved April 10, 1872, as amended, and all existing municipalities which were incorporated under any general act prior to July 1, 1872, shall be treated as properly incorporated under this Code.
    All municipalities incorporated under any special act in effect prior to July 1, 1872, which at the date of the passage of this Code are still functioning under the special act which created them, shall remain as properly incorporated under that special act.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-4

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-4) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-4)
    Sec. 1-1-4. This Code shall apply generally to all municipalities which are treated as properly incorporated under this Code as provided in the first paragraph of Section 1-1-3 and to all municipalities which are incorporated under this Code.
    This Code shall also apply generally to all municipalities incorporated and now existing under a special charter except to the extent that this Code is in conflict with any provision in a special charter, and except as otherwise provided in subsection (1) of Section 1-1-2. In the event that there is a conflict between a provision in this Code and a provision in a special charter, the special charter shall govern except where any such charter conflicts with or is inconsistent with the general election law and except where a provision in this Code is stated to apply to municipalities incorporated under a special charter, or to municipalities whether incorporated under a general or special act, or words to that effect, or where it is otherwise made manifest that this Code or any other Illinois statute is intended to govern despite the inconsistent provisions in the special charter. A municipality incorporated under a special charter may, by ordinance or resolution, adopt the provisions of Sections 3.1-15-10, 3.1-20-5, and 3.1-20-22 of this Code.
    However, if a particular section of this Code is limited to cities or villages or incorporated towns or any combination thereof, or to cities, villages, or incorporated towns of a specified type or any combination thereof, that intention shall prevail.
(Source: P.A. 92-115, eff. 1-1-02.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-5

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-5) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-5)
    Sec. 1-1-5. The corporate authorities of each municipality may exercise jointly, with one or more other municipal corporations or governmental subdivisions or districts, all of the powers set forth in this Code unless expressly provided otherwise. In this section "municipal corporations or governmental subdivisions or districts" includes, but is not limited to, municipalities, townships, counties, school districts, park districts, sanitary districts, and fire protection districts.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2854.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-6

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-6) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-6)
    Sec. 1-1-6. Town under special charter superseding civil township; powers. The corporate authorities of any town incorporated under a special charter that has superseded a civil township shall have the powers enumerated in the following: Sections 1-2-1, 1-4-1 through 1-4-4, 1-4-6, 1-4-7, 1-5-1, 1-6-1, 1-7-1, 1-7-2, 1-7-3, 1-8-1, 3.1-30-5, 7-4-2, 8-1-1 through 8-1-4, 8-1-6, 8-1-8 through 8-1-14, 8-2-9, 8-3-8, 8-3-9, 8-4-1 through 8-4-34, 8-7-1 through 8-7-4, 8-7-5, 8-9-1, 8-9-2, 8-11-1 through 8-11-3, 8-11-4, 10-4-1 through 10-4-3; all of Article 9; and Divisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 40, 42, 43, 44, 49, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 68, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 97, 101, 104, 105, 108, 109, 110, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147 and 148 of Article 11. These powers shall be cumulative in effect, and if any provision is inconsistent with any power expressly granted under the special charter of the municipality, it shall be considered as an alternative or additional power and not as a limitation upon any other power granted or possessed by the corporate authorities of the town incorporated under a special charter that has superseded a civil township.
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-7

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-7) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-7)
    Sec. 1-1-7. Power of municipality to contract with school boards, hospitals, commercial and industrial facilities, and owners of shopping centers or apartment complexes. The corporate authorities of any municipality shall have the power to contract with school boards, hospitals, commercial and industrial facilities, and owners of shopping centers or apartment complexes within and without the municipal limits in such manner as is provided by Section 11-209 of "The Illinois Vehicle Code", approved September 29, 1969, as amended, and as provided under Section 2 of "An Act in relation to the regulation of motor vehicle traffic and the promotion of safety on public highways in counties", approved August 9, 1951, as amended.
    This amendatory Act of 1972 is not a prohibition upon the contractual and associational powers granted by Article VII, Section 10 of the Illinois Constitution.
(Source: P.A. 90-145, eff. 1-1-98; 90-481, eff. 8-17-97.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-7.1

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-7.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-7.1)
    Sec. 1-1-7.1. Any municipality may establish community based committees which shall consist of community leaders, and such committees shall coordinate all State and federal economic programs except where otherwise prohibited by federal law.
(Source: P.A. 84-1090.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-8

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-8) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-8)
    Sec. 1-1-8. Whenever this Code requires or authorizes the submission of a proposition or question to referendum, whether initiated by action of the corporate authorities or by petition, upon such initiation, the proposition or question shall be certified, in accordance with the general election law, to the proper county clerks and boards of election commissioners. Those election authorities shall submit the proposition or question to the voters of the municipality, or to the voters of such other territory as are entitled to vote thereon, at an election in accordance with the general election law. Whenever this Code requires referendum approval by the voters of any ordinance adopted by a municipality, and no specific procedure is provided for initiating the referendum, the referendum shall be initiated by the passage of such ordinance and shall be certified for the next regular election in accordance with the general election law.
    Whenever this Code requires or authorizes a special election to be held for the purpose of filling a vacancy in office, the office and the candidates therefor shall be similarly certified, in accordance with the general election law.
    Municipal clerks and clerks of the circuit court shall perform all election duties, including certifications and publication of notices, in connection with the conduct of elections of officers and referenda on the submission of questions or propositions to referendum as provided in the general election law.
(Source: P.A. 81-1489.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-9

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-9) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-9)
    Sec. 1-1-9. If a municipality which is a home rule unit under Section 6 of Article VII of the Constitution by reason of having a population of more than 25,000 suffers a loss in population so that its population determined as provided in Section 1-7-2 is 25,000 or less, such municipality shall continue to have the powers of a home rule unit until it elects by referendum not to be a home rule unit.
    Unless such a referendum is held sooner, or such a referendum has been held within the 2 calendar years preceding the year in which the population is determined to be 25,000 or less, the municipal clerk shall certify for submission to the voters of the municipality at the next general election following such determination of population, in the manner provided by the general election law, the proposition of whether the municipality shall elect not to be a home rule unit.
(Source: P.A. 82-94.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-10

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-10) (from Ch. 24, par. 1-1-10)
    Sec. 1-1-10. It is the policy of this State that all powers granted, either expressly or by necessary implication, by this Code, by Illinois statute, or the Illinois Constitution to municipalities may be exercised by those municipalities, and the officers, employees and agents of each notwithstanding effects on competition.
    It is further the policy of this State that home-rule municipalities, the officers, employees and agents of each may (1) exercise any power and perform any function pertaining to their government and affairs or (2) exercise those powers within traditional areas of municipal activity, except as limited by the Illinois Constitution or a proper limiting statute, notwithstanding effects on competition.
    It is the intention of the General Assembly that the "State action exemption" to the application of federal antitrust statutes be fully available to all municipalities, and the agents, officers and employees of each to the extent they are exercising authority as aforesaid, including, but not limited to, the provisions of Sections 6, 7 and 10 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution or the provisions of the following Illinois statutes, as each is now in existence or may hereinafter be amended:
    (a) The Illinois Local Library Act; "An Act to provide the manner of levying or imposing taxes for the provision of special services to areas within the boundaries of home rule units and non-home rule municipalities and counties", approved September 21, 1973, as amended; "An Act to facilitate the development and construction of housing, to provide governmental assistance therefor, and to repeal an Act herein named", approved July 2, 1947, as amended; or the Housing Authorities Act, the Housing Cooperation Law, the Blighted Areas Redevelopment Act of 1947, the Blighted Vacant Areas Development Act of 1949, the Urban Community Conservation Act, the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act or any other power exercised pursuant to the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act; or
    (b) Divisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Article 7 of the Illinois Municipal Code; Divisions 9, 10 and 11 of Article 8 of the Illinois Municipal Code; Divisions 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Article 9 of the Illinois Municipal Code; and all of Divisions of Articles 10 and 11 of the Illinois Municipal Code; or
    (c) Any other Illinois statute or constitutional provision now existing or which may be enacted in the future, by which any municipality may exercise authority.
    The "State action exemption" for which provision is made by this Section shall be liberally construed in favor of such municipalities and the agents, employees and officers thereof, and such exemption shall be available notwithstanding that the action of the municipality or its agents, officers or employees constitutes an irregular exercise of constitutional or statutory powers. However, this exemption shall not apply where the action alleged to be in violation of antitrust law exceeds either (1) powers granted, either expressly or by necessary implication, by Illinois statute or the Illinois Constitution or (2) powers granted to a home rule municipality to perform any function pertaining to its government and affairs or to act within traditional areas of municipal activity, except as limited by the Illinois Constitution or a proper limiting statute.
    Notwithstanding the foregoing, where it is alleged that a violation of the antitrust laws has occurred, the relief available to the plaintiffs shall be limited to an injunction which enjoins the alleged activity.
    Nothing in this Section is intended to prohibit or limit any cause of action other than under an antitrust theory.
(Source: P.A. 84-1050.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-11

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-11)
    Sec. 1-1-11. Contractual assessments; renewable energy sources. A municipality may enter into voluntary agreements with the owners of property within the municipality to provide for contractual assessments to finance the installation of distributed generation renewable energy sources or energy efficiency improvements that are permanently fixed to real property.
(Source: P.A. 96-481, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10.)

65 ILCS 5/1-1-12

    (65 ILCS 5/1-1-12)
    Sec. 1-1-12. Americans with Disabilities Act coordinator; posting and publication.
    (a) Within 90 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, each municipality that maintains a website must post on the municipality's website the following information:
        (1) the name, office address, and telephone number of
    
the Americans with Disabilities Act coordinator, if any, employed by the municipality; and
        (2) the grievance procedures, if any, adopted by the
    
municipality to resolve complaints alleging a violation of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
    (b) If a municipality does not maintain a website, then the municipality must, within 90 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, and at least once every other year thereafter, publish in either a newspaper of general circulation within the municipality or a newsletter published by the municipality and mailed to residents of the municipality the information required in item (1) of subsection (a) and either the information required in item (2) of subsection (a) or instructions for obtaining such information from the municipality.
    (c) No home rule municipality may adopt posting or publication requirements that are less restrictive than this Section. This Section is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-650, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10.)