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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COUNTIES
(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/Div. 5-41

 
    (55 ILCS 5/Div. 5-41 heading)
Division 5-41. Administrative Adjudication of
Ordinance Violations

55 ILCS 5/5-41003

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41003)
    Sec. 5-41003. Applicability. This Division 5-41 applies to all counties except for the counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will.
(Source: P.A. 96-1386, eff. 7-29-10.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41005

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41005)
    Sec. 5-41005. Definitions. In this Division 5-41, unless the context requires otherwise:
    "Code" means any county ordinance that pertains to or regulates any of the following: animal control; the definition, identification, and abatement of public nuisances; the accumulation, disposal, and transportation of garbage, refuse, and other forms of solid waste; the construction and maintenance of buildings and structures; sanitation practices; or zoning.
    "Code enforcement officer" means a county employee authorized to issue citations for county code violations and to conduct inspections of public or private real property to determine whether code violations exist. However, nothing in this Division 5-41 shall be construed to allow for administrative adjudication of an ordinance violation in the case where a State statute or administrative rule provides for a specific method or procedure to be followed, other than administrative adjudication, in enforcing a county ordinance.
    "Hearing officer" means a person other than a code enforcement officer or law enforcement officer having the following powers and duties:
        (1) To preside at an administrative hearing called to
    
determine whether a code violation exists.
        (2) To hear testimony and accept evidence from the
    
code enforcement officer, the respondent, and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation.
        (3) To preserve and authenticate the record of the
    
hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing.
        (4) To issue and sign written findings and a decision
    
and order stating whether a code violation exists.
        (5) To impose penalties consistent with applicable
    
code provisions and to assess costs reasonably related to instituting the proceedings upon finding the respondent liable for the charged violation. In no event, however, shall the hearing officer have the authority to impose a penalty of incarceration.
    "Property owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of an improved or unimproved parcel of real estate.
    "Respondent" means a property owner, waste hauler, or other person charged with liability for an alleged code violation and the person to whom the notice of violation is directed.
    "Solid waste" means demolition materials, food and industrial processing wastes, garden trash, land cleaning waste, mixed refuse, non-combustible refuse, and trash as defined in the Solid Waste Disposal District Act.
    "Waste hauler" means any person owning or controlling any vehicle used to carry or transport garbage, refuse, or other forms of solid waste.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41010

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41010)
    Sec. 5-41010. Code hearing unit. The county board in any county may establish by ordinance a code hearing unit within an existing code enforcement agency or as a separate and independent agency in county government. A county may establish a code hearing unit and administrative adjudication process only under the provisions of this Division 5-41. The function of the code hearing unit shall be to expedite the prosecution and correction of code violations as provided in this Division 5-41.
(Source: P.A. 95-471, eff. 8-27-07.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41012

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41012)
    Sec. 5-41012. Fine schedule. The county board of any county that establishes a code hearing unit pursuant to this Division 5-41 may, by ordinance, establish a fine schedule for code violations. The fine schedule must include (i) a determinate fine for each code violation that may be voluntarily paid by a respondent prior to his or her hearing date and (ii) the fine that may otherwise be imposed for each code violation. The amount of each fine must be based upon the nature of the offense and the number of previous code violations a respondent was convicted of committing for the same or a related offense.
(Source: P.A. 96-1157, eff. 7-21-10.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41015

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41015)
    Sec. 5-41015. Hearing procedure not exclusive. In any county that establishes a code hearing unit pursuant to the provisions of this Division 5-41, the county is not precluded from using other methods to enforce the provisions of its codes.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41020

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41020)
    Sec. 5-41020. Instituting proceedings.
    (a) When a code enforcement officer observes a code violation, the officer shall note or, in the case of an animal control violation, the code enforcement officer may respond to the filing of a formal complaint by noting the violation on a violation notice and report form, indicating the following: the name and address of the respondent, if known; the name, address, and state vehicle registration number of the waste hauler who deposited the waste, if applicable; the type and nature of the violation; the date and time the violation was observed; the names of witnesses to the violation; and the address of the location or property where the violation is observed.
    (b) The violation notice and report form shall contain a file number, a hearing date, and, if approved by the county board by ordinance, the amount of any fine that may be imposed pursuant to an approved schedule of fines noted by the code enforcement officer in the blank spaces provided for that purpose on the form. The violation notice and report form shall state that the respondent does not need to appear at the hearing on the date indicated on the form if the respondent pays the determinate fine in the amount set forth in the county's approved fine schedule for the code violation. The respondent must pay the determinate fine at least 5 days before the hearing date indicated on the violation notice and report form. The violation notice and report shall state that if the respondent does not voluntarily pay the determinate fine in accordance with the schedule of fines or fails to appear at the hearing, if required, on the date indicated, then the failure to pay or appear, if required, may result in a determination of liability for the cited violation and the imposition of fines and assessment of costs as provided by the applicable county ordinance. The violation notice and report shall also state that upon a determination of liability and the exhaustion of or failure to exhaust procedures for judicial review, any unpaid fines or costs imposed will constitute a debt due and owed to the county.
    (c) A copy of the violation notice and report form shall be served on the respondent either personally or by first class mail, postage prepaid, sent to the address of the respondent. If the name of the respondent property owner cannot be ascertained or if service on the respondent cannot be made by mail, service may be made on the respondent property owner by posting, not less than 20 days before the hearing is scheduled, a copy of the violation notice and report form in a prominent place on the property where the violation is found. If the violation notice and report form requires the respondent to answer within a certain amount of time, the county must reply to the answer within the same amount of time afforded to the respondent.
    (d) In lieu of a personal appearance at the hearing, a county board may provide for the voluntary payment of a determinate fine in accordance with a schedule of fines approved by ordinance and as provided in this Division 5-41.
(Source: P.A. 96-1157, eff. 7-21-10.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41025

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41025)
    Sec. 5-41025. Subpoenas; default.
    (a) At any time prior to the hearing date, at the request of the code enforcement officer, the attorney for the county, the respondent, or the attorney for the respondent, the hearing officer assigned to hear the case may issue subpoenas directing witnesses to appear and give testimony at the hearing.
    (b) If the respondent or the respondent's attorney fails to appear on the date set for the hearing, the hearing officer may find the respondent in default and shall proceed with the hearing and accept evidence relating to the existence of a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41030

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41030)
    Sec. 5-41030. Representation at hearings. The case for the county may be presented by the code enforcement officer or by the State's Attorney. In no event, however, may the case for the county be presented by an employee of the code hearing unit. The case for the respondent may be presented by the respondent or the respondent's attorney. If the respondent is a corporation, it may appear through any officer, director, manager, or supervisor of the corporation.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41035

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41035)
    Sec. 5-41035. Evidence at hearings. The hearing officer shall preside at the hearing, shall hear testimony, and shall accept any evidence relevant to the existence or non-existence of a code violation on the property indicated. The code enforcement officer's signed violation notice and report form shall be prima facie evidence of the existence of the code violation described in the form. The strict rules of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings do not apply to hearings authorized under this Division 5-41.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41040

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41040)
    Sec. 5-41040. Findings, decision, and order. At the conclusion of the hearing, the hearing officer shall make a determination on the basis of the evidence presented at the hearing as to whether a code violation exists. The determination shall be in writing and shall be designated as the hearing officer's findings, decision, and order. The findings, decision, and order shall include the hearing officer's findings of fact, a determination of whether a code violation exists based on the findings of fact, and an order imposing a fine or other penalty, directing the respondent to correct the violation, or dismissing the case if the violation is not proved. If the hearing officer determines that the respondent is liable for the cited violation, the hearing officer shall enter an order imposing sanctions that are provided in the code for the violations proved, including the imposition of fines and the recovery of the costs of the proceedings. Costs may be recovered in the same manner as fines and penalties. A copy of the findings, decision, and order shall be served by personal service or by any method provided for service of the violation notice and report form under Section 5-41020. The payment of any penalty or fine or costs of the proceedings and the disposition of that money shall be in the manner provided in this Code, unless the county board provides otherwise when establishing the code hearing unit.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41045

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41045)
    Sec. 5-41045. Administrative review. The findings, decision, and order of the hearing officer shall be subject to review in the circuit court of the county. The Administrative Review Law and the rules adopted pursuant thereto shall apply to and govern every action for the judicial review of the final findings, decision, and order of a hearing officer under this Division 5-41.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41050

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41050)
    Sec. 5-41050. Sanctions; transfer or conveyance of property. The order to correct a code violation and the sanctions imposed by a county against a respondent property owner as the result of a finding of a code violation under this Division 5-41 shall attach to the property, subject to the interests of all lien holders of record, as well as to the owner of the property, so that the owner cannot avoid the finding of a code violation against the owner by conveying or transferring the property to another. Any subsequent transferee or owner of property takes the property subject to the findings, decision, and order of a hearing officer under this Division 5-41 if a notice consisting of a copy of the order to correct a code violation and imposing any sanctions and costs, if applicable, and a description of the real estate affected that is sufficient to identify the real estate has been filed in the office of the Recorder or the office of the Registrar of Titles by the county prior to the transfer or conveyance to the subsequent transferee or owner.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41055

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41055)
    Sec. 5-41055. Collection of unpaid fines or other sanctions.
    (a) Any fine or other sanction or costs imposed, or any part of any fine or other sanction or costs imposed, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of or failure to exhaust procedures for judicial review under the Administrative Review Law is a debt due and owed to the county and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Any subsequent owner or transferee of property takes subject to this debt if a notice has been filed pursuant to Section 5-41050.
    (b) After expiration of the period within which judicial review under the Administrative Review Law may be sought for a final determination of the code violation, the county may commence a proceeding in the circuit court of the county for purposes of obtaining a judgment on the hearing officer's findings, decision, and order. Nothing in this Section prevents a county from consolidating multiple findings, decisions, and orders against a person or property in such a proceeding.
    (c) Upon commencement of the action, the county shall file a certified copy of the findings, decision, and order, which shall be accompanied by a certification that recites facts sufficient to show that the findings, decision, and order were issued in accordance with this Division 5-41 and the applicable county ordinance. Service of the summons and a copy of the petition may be by any method provided by Section 2-203 of the Code of Civil Procedure or by certified mail, return receipt requested, provided that the total amount of fines or other sanctions and costs imposed by the findings, decision, and order does not exceed $5,000.
    (d) If the court is satisfied that the findings, decision, and order were entered within the requirements of this Division 5-41 and the applicable county ordinance and that the respondent had an opportunity for a hearing under this Division 5-41 and for judicial review as provided in Section 5-41045:
        (1) The court shall render judgment in favor of the
    
county and against the respondent for the amount indicated in the findings, decision, and order plus court costs. The judgment has the same effect and may be enforced in the same manner as other judgments for the recovery of money.
        (2) The court may issue other orders or injunctions,
    
or both, requested by the county to enforce the order of the hearing officer or to correct a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)

55 ILCS 5/5-41060

    (55 ILCS 5/5-41060)
    Sec. 5-41060. Adoption of other necessary provisions by county. Any county establishing a code hearing unit by ordinance under this Division 5-41 may adopt other provisions necessary and proper to carry into effect the powers granted and the purposes stated in this Division.
(Source: P.A. 90-517, eff. 8-22-97.)