Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COUNTIES
(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-4

 
    (55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-4 heading)
Division 3-4. Public Defender and Appointed Counsel

55 ILCS 5/3-4000

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4000) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4000)
    Sec. 3-4000. Legislative declaration. The General Assembly recognizes that quality legal representation in criminal and related proceedings is a fundamental right of the people of the State of Illinois and that there should be no distinction in the availability of quality legal representation based upon a person's inability to pay. Therefore, it is the intent of the General Assembly to provide for effective county public defender systems throughout the State and encourage the active and substantial participation of the private bar in the representation of indigent defendants.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4000.1

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4000.1) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4000.1)
    Sec. 3-4000.1. Definitions. In this Division, except when a particular context clearly requires a different meaning, the following definitions apply:
    "Board" means the county board of commissioners.
    "President" means the president of the county board.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4001

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4001) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4001)
    Sec. 3-4001. Public defender in counties over 35,000. In each county of this State containing 35,000 or more inhabitants there is created the office of Public Defender and the person to be appointed to such office shall be known as the Public Defender. No person shall be eligible to or hold such office unless he is duly licensed as an attorney and counsellor-at-law in this State.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4002

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4002) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4002)
    Sec. 3-4002. Public defender in counties of less than 35,000. In each county of this State containing less than 35,000 inhabitants, the county board may, by resolution, create the office of Public Defender and the person appointed to such office shall be known as the Public Defender. No person shall be eligible to or hold such office unless he or she is duly licensed as an attorney at law in this State.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4003

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4003) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4003)
    Sec. 3-4003. Public defender in adjoining counties. Any 2 or more adjoining counties of this State that are within the same judicial circuit, may by joint resolution of the several county boards involved, create a common office of Public Defender for the counties so joined. The person appointed to such office shall be known as the Public Defender. No person shall be eligible to or hold such office unless he or she is duly licensed as an attorney at law in this State.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4004

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4004) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4004)
    Sec. 3-4004. Appointment of Public Defender in counties under 1,000,000. As soon as may be after this Division becomes applicable to a county with a population under 1,000,000, the judges of the Circuit Court of the circuit in which the county is located shall, by a majority vote of the entire number of those judges, appoint to the office of Public Defender a properly qualified person, who shall hold office, his death or resignation not intervening, at the pleasure of the judges competent to appoint. Whenever a vacancy occurs in the office it shall be filled in the same manner, and the person appointed to fill the vacancy shall have the same tenure of office.
(Source: P.A. 86-962; 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4004.1

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4004.1) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4004.1)
    Sec. 3-4004.1. Appointment of Public Defender in counties over 1,000,000. Whenever a vacancy shall occur in the position of Public Defender in counties over 1,000,000, a properly qualified person shall be appointed to the position by the President with the advice and consent of the Board.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4004.2

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4004.2) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4004.2)
    Sec. 3-4004.2. Qualifications of Public Defender and terms of employment in counties over 1,000,000. In counties with a population over 1,000,000, the following qualifications and terms of employment shall apply:
    (a) The president shall select as Public Defender only a person with the following qualifications: an attorney whose practice of law has clearly demonstrated experience in the representation of persons accused of crime; who has been licensed to practice law in this State or in another state for at least 5 years; who has had administrative experience; and who is dedicated to the goals of providing high quality representation for eligible persons and to improving the quality of defense services generally.
    (b) The Public Defender shall devote full time to the duties of the public defender system and shall not otherwise engage in the practice of law.
    (c) The Public Defender once approved by the Board shall serve for 6 years and may be removed by the President only for good cause or dereliction of duty after notice and a hearing before the Board. The effective date of this amendatory Act of 1991 shall be deemed the commencement of the term of the current public defender.
    (d) The Public Defender's compensation shall be set at a level that is commensurate with his qualifications and experience and professionally appropriate with the responsibility of the position. The Public Defender's compensation shall be comparable with that paid to circuit court judges, but in no event shall be more than that of the State's Attorney of the county.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4005

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4005) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4005)
    Sec. 3-4005. Oath of office. The person appointed as Public Defender, before entering on the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe an oath of office in writing before one of the judges competent to appoint, which oath shall be filed in the office of the County Clerk.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4006

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4006) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4006)
    Sec. 3-4006. Duties of public defender. The Public Defender, as directed by the court, shall act as attorney, without fee, before any court within any county for all persons who are held in custody or who are charged with the commission of any criminal offense, and who the court finds are unable to employ counsel.
    The Public Defender shall be the attorney, without fee, when so appointed by the court under Section 1-20 of the Juvenile Court Act or Section 1-5 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 or by any court under Section 5(b) of the Parental Notice of Abortion Act of 1983 for any party who the court finds is financially unable to employ counsel.
    In cases subject to Section 5-170 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 involving a minor who was under 15 years of age at the time of the commission of the offense, that occurs in a county with a full-time public defender office, a public defender, without fee or appointment, may represent and have access to a minor during a custodial interrogation. In cases subject to Section 5-170 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 involving a minor who was under 15 years of age at the time of the commission of the offense, that occurs in a county without a full-time public defender, the law enforcement agency conducting the custodial interrogation shall ensure that the minor is able to consult with an attorney who is under contract with the county to provide public defender services. Representation by the public defender shall terminate at the first court appearance if the court determines that the minor is not indigent.
    Every court shall, with the consent of the defendant and where the court finds that the rights of the defendant would be prejudiced by the appointment of the public defender, appoint counsel other than the public defender, except as otherwise provided in Section 113-3 of the "Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963". That counsel shall be compensated as is provided by law. He shall also, in the case of the conviction of any such person, prosecute any proceeding in review which in his judgment the interests of justice require.
(Source: P.A. 99-882, eff. 1-1-17.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4006.1

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4006.1)
    Sec. 3-4006.1. Powers and Duties of the Cook County Public Defender. For each State fiscal year, the Cook County Public Defender shall appear before the General Assembly and request appropriations to be made from the Capital Litigation Trust Fund to the State Treasurer for the purpose of providing trial defense assistance in capital cases. The Public Defender may appear before the General Assembly at other times during the State's fiscal year to request supplemental appropriations be made from the Trust Fund to the State Treasurer.
(Source: P.A. 91-589, eff. 1-1-00.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4007

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4007) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4007)
    Sec. 3-4007. Compensation.
    (a) The public defender shall be paid out of the county treasury, and, subject to appropriation, shall be paid by the Department of Revenue out of the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund or the General Revenue Fund as provided in subsection (b), as the sole compensation for his or her services a salary in an amount fixed by the County Board. When a Public Defender in a county of 30,000 or more population is receiving not less than 90% of the compensation of the State's Attorney of such county, that Public Defender shall not engage in the private practice of law.
    (b) The State must pay 66 2/3% of the public defender's annual salary. If the public defender is employed full-time in that capacity, his or her salary must be at least 90% of that county's State's attorney's annual compensation. Subject to appropriation, these amounts furnished by the State shall be payable monthly by the Department of Revenue out of the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund or the General Revenue Fund to the county in which each Public Defender is employed.
    (c) In cases where 2 or more adjoining counties have joined to form a common office of Public Defender, the salary of the Public Defender shall be set and paid as provided by a joint resolution of the various county boards involved.
(Source: P.A. 97-72, eff. 7-1-11.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4008

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4008) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4008)
    Sec. 3-4008. Assistants in counties under 1,000,000. The Public Defender in counties with a population under 1,000,000 shall have power to appoint, in the manner directed by the judges mentioned in Section 3-4004 the number of assistants, all duly licensed practitioners, that those judges deem necessary for the proper discharge of the duties of the office, who shall serve at the pleasure of the Public Defender. He shall also, in like manner, appoint the number of clerks and other employees necessary for the due transaction of the business of the office. The compensation of the assistants, clerks and employees shall be fixed by the County Board and paid out of the county treasury.
(Source: P.A. 86-962; 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4008.1

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4008.1) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4008.1)
    Sec. 3-4008.1. Assistants in counties over 1,000,000. The Public Defender in counties with a population over 1,000,000 shall appoint assistants, all duly licensed practitioners, as that Public Defender shall deem necessary for the proper discharge of the duties of the office, who shall serve at the pleasure of the Public Defender. The Public Defender shall also, in like manner, appoint clerks and other employees necessary for the transaction of the business of the office. The compensation of and the appropriate number of assistants, clerks, and employees shall be fixed by the County Board and paid out of the county treasury.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4009

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4009) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4009)
    Sec. 3-4009. Office quarters; expenses. The County Board shall provide suitable office quarters for the use of the Public Defender, and shall pay out of the county treasury for necessary office, travel and other expenses incurred in the defense of cases. In counties of less than 500,000 population, such payment shall be made after the circuit court of the county approves such expenses as being necessary and proper. In cases where 2 or more adjoining counties have joined to form a common office of Public Defender, the expenses incurred under this Section shall be paid as provided for in a joint resolution of the various county boards involved.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4010

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4010) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4010)
    Sec. 3-4010. Records; reports in counties under 1,000,000. The Public Defender in counties with a population under 1,000,000 shall keep a record of the services rendered by him or her and prepare and file quarterly or monthly, as determined by the County Board, with the County Board a written report of such services transmitting a copy of such report to the clerk of the Circuit Court for the judges thereof. In cases where 2 or more adjoining counties have joined to form a common office of Public Defender, the Public Defender so appointed shall file his or her quarterly or monthly report with each of the several county boards involved.
(Source: P.A. 99-774, eff. 8-12-16.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4010.1

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4010.1) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4010.1)
    Sec. 3-4010.1. Records; reports in counties over 1,000,000. The public defender in counties with a population over 1,000,000 shall keep a record of the services rendered by him and prepare and file quarterly with the president a written report of those services.
(Source: P.A. 87-111.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4011

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4011) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-4011)
    Sec. 3-4011. Expenses and legal services for indigent defendants in felony cases. It shall be the duty of the county board in counties containing fewer than 500,000 inhabitants to appropriate a sufficient sum for the purpose of paying for the legal services necessarily rendered for the defense of indigent persons in felony cases, and for costs, expenses and legal services necessary in the prosecution of an appeal when the sentence is death, which is to be paid upon the orders of a court of competent jurisdiction. It shall likewise be the duty of the county board in counties containing fewer than 500,000 inhabitants to appropriate a sufficient sum for the payment of out of pocket expenses necessarily incurred by appointed counsel in the prosecution of an appeal on behalf of an indigent incarcerated defendant in felony cases. In such cases payment shall be made upon the order of the reviewing court.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-4012

    (55 ILCS 5/3-4012)
    Sec. 3-4012. Public defender's fees in counties of 3,000,000 or more population. The Cook County Public Defender shall be entitled to a $2 fee to be paid by the defendant on a judgment of guilty or a grant of supervision for a violation of any provision of the Illinois Vehicle Code or any felony, misdemeanor, or petty offense to discharge the expenses of the Cook County Public Defender's office for establishing and maintaining automated record keeping systems. The fee shall be remitted monthly to the county treasurer, to be deposited by him or her into a special fund designated as the Public Defender Records Automation Fund. Expenditures from this fund may be made by the Public Defender for hardware, software, research, and development costs and personnel related thereto.
(Source: P.A. 97-673, eff. 6-1-12.)