Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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35 ILCS 200/22-75

    (35 ILCS 200/22-75)
    Sec. 22-75. Deed; prima facie evidence of regularity of sale.
    (a) As to the property conveyed therein, tax deeds executed by the county clerk are prima facie evidence of the following facts in all controversies and suits in relation to the rights of the tax deed grantee and his or her heirs or assigns:
        (1) the property conveyed was subject to taxation at
    
the time it was assessed, and was listed and assessed in the time and manner required by law;
        (2) the taxes or special assessments were not paid at
    
any time before the sale;
        (3) the property was advertised for sale in the
    
manner and for the length of time required by law;
        (4) the property was sold for taxes or special
    
assessments as stated in the deed;
        (5) the sale was conducted in the manner required by
    
law;
        (6) the property conveyed was not redeemed from the
    
sale within the time permitted by law;
        (7) the grantee in the deed was the purchaser or
    
assignee of the purchaser.
    (b) Any order for the sale of property for delinquent taxes, except as otherwise provided in this Section, shall estop all parties from raising any objections to the order or to a tax title based thereon, which existed at or before the rendition of the order, and which could have been presented as a defense to the application for the order. The order itself is conclusive evidence of its regularity and validity in all collateral proceedings, except in cases where the tax or special assessments were paid prior to the sale or the property was exempt from general taxes or was not subject to special assessment.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 89-342, eff. 1-1-96.)

35 ILCS 200/22-80

    (35 ILCS 200/22-80)
    Sec. 22-80. Order of court setting aside tax deed; payments to holder of deed.
    (a) Any order of court vacating an order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed based upon a finding that the property was not subject to taxation or special assessment, or that the taxes or special assessments had been paid prior to the sale of the property, or that the tax sale was otherwise void, shall declare the tax sale to be a sale in error pursuant to Section 21-310 of this Act. The order shall direct the county collector to refund to the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns (or, if a tax deed has not yet issued, the holder of the certificate) the following amounts:
        (1) all taxes and special assessments purchased,
    
paid, or redeemed by the tax purchaser or his or her assignee, or by the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns, whether before or after entry of the order for tax deed, with interest at the rate of 1% per month from the date each amount was paid until the date of payment pursuant to this Section;
        (2) all costs paid and posted to the judgment record
    
and not included in paragraph (1) of this subsection (a); and
        (3) court reporter fees for the hearing on the
    
application for tax deed and transcript thereof, cost of certification of tax deed order, cost of issuance of tax deed, and cost of recording of tax deed.
    (b) Except in those cases described in subsection (a) of this Section, and unless the court on motion of the tax deed petitioner extends the redemption period to a date not later than 3 years from the date of sale, any order of court finding that an order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed should be vacated shall direct the party who successfully contested the entry of the order to pay to the tax deed grantee or his or her successors and assigns (or, if a tax deed has not yet issued, the holder of the certificate) within 90 days after the date of the finding:
        (1) the amount necessary to redeem the property from
    
the sale as of the last day of the period of redemption, except that, if the sale is a scavenger sale pursuant to Section 21-260 of this Act, the redemption amount shall not include an amount equal to all delinquent taxes on such property which taxes were delinquent at the time of sale; and
        (2) amounts in satisfaction of municipal liens paid
    
by the tax purchaser or his or her assignee, and the amounts specified in paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (a) of this Section, to the extent the amounts are not included in paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
    If the payment is not made within the 90-day period, the petition to vacate the order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall be denied with prejudice, and the order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall remain in full force and effect. No final order vacating any order directing the county clerk to issue a tax deed shall be entered pursuant to this subsection (b) until the payment has been made.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/22-85

    (35 ILCS 200/22-85)
    Sec. 22-85. Failure to timely take out and record deed; deed is void. Unless the holder of the certificate purchased at any tax sale under this Code takes out the deed in the time provided by law, and records the same within one year from and after the time for redemption expires, the certificate or deed, and the sale on which it is based, shall, after the expiration of the one year period, be absolutely void with no right to reimbursement. If the holder of the certificate is prevented from obtaining a deed by injunction or order of any court, or by the refusal or inability of any court to act upon the application for a tax deed, or by the refusal of the clerk to execute the same deed, the time he or she is so prevented shall be excluded from computation of the one year period. Certificates of purchase and deeds executed by the clerk shall recite the qualifications required in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87-669; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/22-90

    (35 ILCS 200/22-90)
    Sec. 22-90. Recording of certificate of purchase by municipality. If any city, village or incorporated town, interested in the collection of any special tax or assessment, acquires a certificate of purchase at a tax sale, it is not required to take out a deed, but may preserve its lien under the certificate of purchase, beyond the period of redemption, by recording the certificate of purchase or evidence thereof within 1 year from the expiration of the period of redemption or extended period of redemption, in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property is situated, or by presenting the certificate for registration in the manner provided by law, to the registrar of titles in the case of property registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The recorded certificate of purchase or the evidence thereof shall contain language in substantially the following form:
STATE OF ....)
             )SS
COUNTY OF ...)
    The following described property was sold to the (here place name of city, village, or incorporated town), at a public sale for the nonpayment of special taxes or assessments in the above stated county, on (insert date), to-wit: (here place property description). The sale was for the delinquent special tax or assessment (here place the special assessment warrant number and installment). Unless payment or settlement is made at the office of (here place proper city, village or incorporated town officer), the municipality for which the above lien or liens were created may at any time after expiration of the period of redemption, sell and assign the certificate of purchase. Either the municipality or its assignee at any time after expiration of the period of redemption may file a complaint to foreclose or bring an action for the amount of the special tax or assessment due.
    Dated (insert date).
...........................
(Proper Officer)
    (Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/22-95

    (35 ILCS 200/22-95)
    Sec. 22-95. Order of court setting aside certificate of purchase; payments. Any judgment or order of the circuit court, setting aside the lien under the certificate of purchase filed in accordance with Section 22-90 shall provide that the claimant pay to the city, village or incorporated town, or its assignee holding the certificate of purchase, the following:
        (a) the amount for which the same was sold, together
    
with the amount of the penalty bid at the tax sale, if set aside before the expiration of 6 months from the day of sale;
        (b) if between 6 and 12 months, the amount for which
    
the same was sold together with twice the amount of the penalty bid;
        (c) if between 12 and 18 months, the amount for which
    
the same was sold together with 3 times the amount of the penalty bid;
        (d) if between 18 months and 2 years, the amount for
    
which the same was sold together with 4 times the amount of the penalty bid at the sale;
        (e) if after 2 years, the amount for which the same
    
was sold together with 4 times the amount of the penalty bid at the sale, and interest thereafter at the rate of 5% per year on the amount for which the same was sold.
    In all cases, the claimant shall also pay costs of $10 in counties of 3,000,000 or more inhabitants and $5 in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants.
    A final judgment or order of the circuit court in any case or in an eminent domain proceeding under the Eminent Domain Act involving the title to or interest in any property in which the city, village or incorporated town, or its assignee holding a certificate of purchase, has an interest, or setting aside any lien under the certificate filed under this Code shall not be entered, until the claimant makes reimbursement to the city, village or incorporated town or its assignee holding the certificate of purchase. The county clerk is entitled to a fee of $5 in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants and $2 in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants for preparing the estimate of the amount required to redeem. The estimate of the county clerk is prima facie evidence in all courts of the amount due to such city, village or incorporated town or its assignee.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/Tit. 8

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Tit. 8 heading)
TITLE 8. TAX OBJECTIONS

35 ILCS 200/Art. 23

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 23 heading)
Article 23. Procedures and
Adjudication for Tax Objections

35 ILCS 200/23-5

    (35 ILCS 200/23-5)
    Sec. 23-5. Payment under protest. Beginning with the 1994 tax year in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, and beginning with the 1995 tax year in all other counties, if any person desires to object to all or any part of a property tax for any year, for any reason other than that the property is exempt from taxation, he or she shall pay all of the tax due within 60 days from the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for that year. Whenever taxes are paid in compliance with this Section and a tax objection complaint is filed in compliance with Section 23-10, 100% of the taxes shall be deemed paid under protest without the filing of a separate letter of protest with the county collector.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 89-126, eff. 7-1195.)

35 ILCS 200/23-10

    (35 ILCS 200/23-10)
    Sec. 23-10. Tax objections and copies. Beginning with the 2003 tax year, in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, the person paying the taxes due as provided in Section 23-5 may file a tax objection complaint under Section 23-15 within 165 days after the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for the year in question. Beginning with the 2003 tax year, in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, the person paying the taxes due as provided in Section 23-5 may file a tax objection complaint under Section 23-15 within 75 days after the first penalty date of the final installment of taxes for the year in question. However, in all counties in cases in which the complaint is permitted to be filed without payment under Section 23-5, it must be filed prior to the entry of judgment under Section 21-175. In addition, the time specified for payment of the tax provided in Section 23-5 shall not be construed to delay or prevent the entry of judgment against, or the sale of, tax delinquent property if the taxes have not been paid prior to the entry of judgment under Section 21-175. An objection to an assessment for any year shall not be allowed by the court, however, if an administrative remedy was available by complaint to the board of appeals or board of review under Section 16-55 or Section 16-115, unless that remedy was exhausted prior to the filing of the tax objection complaint.
    When any complaint is filed with the court in a county with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, the plaintiff shall file 3 copies of the complaint with the clerk of the circuit court. Any complaint or amendment thereto shall contain (i) on the first page a listing of the taxing districts against which the complaint is directed and (ii) a summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the complaint with enough copies of the summary to be distributed to each of the taxing districts against which the complaint is directed. Within 10 days after the complaint is filed, the clerk of the circuit court shall deliver one copy to the State's Attorney and one copy to the county clerk, taking their receipts therefor. The county clerk shall, within 30 days from the last day for the filing of complaints, notify the duly elected or appointed custodian of funds for each taxing district that may be affected by the complaint, stating (i) that a complaint has been filed and (ii) the summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the complaint. Any amendment to a complaint, except any amendment permitted to be made in open court during the course of a hearing on the complaint, shall also be filed in triplicate, with one copy delivered to the State's Attorney and one copy delivered to the county clerk by the clerk of the circuit court. The State's Attorney shall within 10 days of receiving his or her copy of the amendment notify the duly elected or appointed custodian of funds for each taxing district whose tax monies may be affected by the amendment, stating (i) that the amendment has been filed and (ii) the summary of the reasons for the tax objections set forth in the amended complaint. The State's Attorney shall also notify the custodian and the county clerk in writing of the date, time and place of any hearing before the court to be held upon the complaint or amended complaint not later than 4 days prior to the hearing. The notices provided in this Section shall be by letter addressed to the custodian or the county clerk and may be mailed by regular mail, postage prepaid, postmarked within the required period, but not less than 4 days before a hearing.
(Source: P.A. 93-378, eff. 7-24-03.)

35 ILCS 200/23-15

    (35 ILCS 200/23-15)
    Sec. 23-15. Tax objection procedure and hearing.
    (a) A tax objection complaint under Section 23-10 shall be filed in the circuit court of the county in which the subject property is located. Joinder of plaintiffs shall be permitted to the same extent permitted by law in any personal action pending in the court and shall be in accordance with Section 2-404 of the Code of Civil Procedure; provided, however, that no complaint shall be filed as a class action. The complaint shall name the county collector as defendant and shall specify any objections that the plaintiff may have to the taxes in question. No appearance or answer by the county collector to the tax objection complaint, nor any further pleadings, need be filed. Amendments to the complaint may be made to the same extent which, by law, could be made in any personal action pending in the court.
    (b) (1) The court, sitting without a jury, shall hear and determine all objections specified to the taxes, assessments, or levies in question. This Section shall be construed to provide a complete remedy for any claims with respect to those taxes, assessments, or levies, excepting only matters for which an exclusive remedy is provided elsewhere in this Code.
    (2) The taxes, assessments, and levies that are the subject of the objection shall be presumed correct and legal, but the presumption is rebuttable. The plaintiff has the burden of proving any contested matter of fact by clear and convincing evidence.
    (3) Objections to assessments shall be heard de novo by the court. The court shall grant relief in the cases in which the objector meets the burden of proof under this Section and shows an assessment to be incorrect or illegal. If an objection is made claiming incorrect valuation, the court shall consider the objection without regard to the correctness of any practice, procedure, or method of valuation followed by the assessor, board of appeals, or board of review in making or reviewing the assessment, and without regard to the intent or motivation of any assessing official. The doctrine known as constructive fraud is hereby abolished for purposes of all challenges to taxes, assessments, or levies.
    (c) If the court orders a refund of any part of the taxes paid, it shall also order the payment of interest as provided in Section 23-20. Appeals may be taken from final judgments as in other civil cases.
    (d) This amendatory Act of 1995 shall apply to all tax objection matters still pending for any tax year, except as provided in Sections 23-5 and 23-10 regarding procedures and time limitations for payment of taxes and filing tax objection complaints.
    (e) In counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, if the court renders a decision lowering the assessment of a particular parcel on which a residence occupied by the owner is situated, the reduced assessment, subject to equalization, shall remain in effect for the remainder of the general assessment period as provided in Sections 9-215 through 9-225, unless that parcel is subsequently sold in an arm's length transaction establishing a fair cash value for the parcel that is different from the fair cash value on which the court's assessment is based, or unless the decision of the court is reversed or modified upon review.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 88-642, eff. 9-9-94; 89-126, eff. 7-11-95; 89-290, eff. 1-1-96; 89-593, eff. 8-1-96; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96.)

35 ILCS 200/23-20

    (35 ILCS 200/23-20)
    Sec. 23-20. Effect of protested payments; refunds. No protest shall prevent or be a cause of delay in the distribution of tax collections to the taxing districts of any taxes collected which were not paid under protest. If the final order of the Property Tax Appeal Board or of a court results in a refund to the taxpayer, refunds shall be made by the collector from funds remaining in the Protest Fund until such funds are exhausted and thereafter from the next funds collected after entry of the final order until full payment of the refund and interest thereon has been made. Interest from the date of payment, regardless of whether the payment was made before the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1997, or from the date payment is due, whichever is later, to the date of refund shall also be paid to the taxpayer at the annual rate of the lesser of (i) 5% or (ii) the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index For All Urban Consumers during the 12-month calendar year preceding the levy year for which the refund was made, as published by the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(Source: P.A. 94-558, eff. 1-1-06.)

35 ILCS 200/23-25

    (35 ILCS 200/23-25)
    Sec. 23-25. Tax exempt property; restriction on judicial determinations.
    (a) No taxpayer may file an objection as provided in Section 21-175 or Section 23-10 on the grounds that the property is exempt from taxation, or otherwise seek a judicial determination as to tax exempt status, except as provided in Section 8-40 and except as otherwise provided in this Section and Section 14-25 and Section 21-175.
    (b) Nothing in this Section shall affect the right of a governmental agency to seek a judicial determination as to the exempt status of property for those years during which eminent domain proceedings were pending before a court, once a certificate of exemption for the property is obtained by the governmental agency under Section 8-35 or Section 8-40.
    (c) This Section shall not apply to exemptions granted under Sections 15-165 through 15-180.
    (d) The limitation in this Section shall not apply to court proceedings relating to an exemption for the 1985 assessment year and preceding assessment years. However, an order entered in any such proceeding shall not preclude the necessity of applying for an exemption for 1986 or later assessment years in the manner provided by Section 16-70 or 16-130.
    (e) The limitation in this Section shall not apply to court proceedings to establish an exemption for any specific assessment year, provided that the plaintiff or its predecessor in interest in the property has established an exemption for any subsequent or prior assessment year on grounds comparable to those alleged in the court proceedings. For purposes of this subsection, the exemption for a subsequent or prior year must have been determined under Section 8-35 or a prior similar law by the Department or a predecessor agency, or under Section 8-40. Court proceedings permitted by this subsection may be initiated while proceedings for the subsequent or prior year under Section 16-70, 16-130, 8-35, or 8-40 are still pending, but judgment shall not be entered until the proceedings under Section 8-35 or 8-40 have terminated.
(Source: P.A. 89-126, eff. 7-11-95; 90-679, eff. 7-31-98.)

35 ILCS 200/23-30

    (35 ILCS 200/23-30)
    Sec. 23-30. Conference on tax objection. Following the filing of an objection under Section 23-10, the court may hold a conference with the objector and the State's Attorney. Compromise agreements on tax objections reached by conference shall be filed with the court, and the parties shall prepare an order covering the settlement and submit the order to the court for entry.
(Source: P.A. 88-455; 89-126, eff. 7-11-95.)

35 ILCS 200/23-35

    (35 ILCS 200/23-35)
    Sec. 23-35. Tax objection based on budget or appropriation ordinance. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 23-10, no objection to any property tax levied by any municipality shall be sustained by any court because of the forms of any budget or appropriation ordinance, or the degree of itemization or classification of items therein, or the reasonableness of any amount budgeted or appropriated thereby, if:
        (a) a tentative budget and appropriation ordinance
    
was prepared at the direction of the governing body of the municipality and made conveniently available to public inspection for at least 30 days prior to the public hearing specified below and to final action thereon;
        (b) at least one public hearing has been held by the
    
governing body as to the tentative budget and appropriation ordinance prior to final action thereon, and notice of the time and place where copies of the tentative budget and appropriation ordinances are available for public inspection, and the time and place of the hearing, has been given by publication in a newspaper published in the municipality at least 30 days prior to the time of the hearing, or, if there is no newspaper published in the municipality, notice of the public hearing has been given by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality; and
        (c) the budget and appropriation ordinance finally
    
adopted is substantially identical, as to the matters to which objection is made, with the tentative budget and appropriation ordinance submitted at the public hearing, unless the taxpayer making the objection has made the same objection in writing and with the same specificity to the governing body of the municipality prior to the adoption of the budget and appropriation ordinance.
    "Municipality", as used in this Section, means all municipal corporations in, and political subdivisions of, this State except the following: counties; cities, villages and incorporated towns; sanitary districts created under the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Act; forest preserve districts having a population of 3,000,000 or more, created under the Cook County Forest Preserve Park District Act; boards of education of school districts in cities exceeding 1,000,000 inhabitants; the Chicago Park District created under the Chicago Park District Act; and park districts as defined in subsection (b) of Section 1-3 of the Park District Code.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

35 ILCS 200/23-40

    (35 ILCS 200/23-40)
    Sec. 23-40. Error or informality in making levy or in certifying or filing. In all judicial proceedings concerning the levying and collection of taxes, an error or informality of any officer or officers in making any tax levy or in certifying or filing the levy not affecting the substantial justice of the levy itself, shall not vitiate or void the levy or affect the tax. When the error or informality in a levy, its certification, filing or publication can be corrected by amendment, or a levy can be sufficiently itemized, the purpose defined and made certain by amendment, made prior to the entry of any order of court affecting the levy or the collection of taxes thereon, an amendment or amendments, certification, filing or publication may be made by the taxing bodies affected. The ordinance, resolution, publication or certificate, as amended, certified, filed or published, shall, upon proof of such amendment or amendments, certification, filing or publication being made to the court, have the same force and effect as though originally adopted, published, filed and certified in the amended form. The aggregate amount or rate of the original levy shall not be increased by an action taken under this Section. A statute terminating the time within which appropriations or tax levies may be made, published, certified or filed, shall not apply to any republication, recertification or refiling, or to any amendment or revision authorized or permitted by this Section.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/23-45

    (35 ILCS 200/23-45)
    Sec. 23-45. Time limit after objection is filed with the Court. If, after 10 years from the date an objection is filed there has been no further action on the objection, the objection shall be dismissed as a matter of law with prejudice. The circuit clerk shall enter the dismissal of record. The Collector may then distribute the taxes. The Collector shall determine whether to use the tax rates for the year the objection was filed or the tax rates for the most recent tax year in distributing the taxes. This Section applies to tax objections filed before, on, or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1996.
(Source: P.A. 89-695, eff. 12-31-96.)

35 ILCS 200/Tit. 9

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Tit. 9 heading)
TITLE 9. OTHER PROVISIONS

35 ILCS 200/Art. 24

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 24 heading)
Article 24. General Provisions

35 ILCS 200/24-5

    (35 ILCS 200/24-5)
    Sec. 24-5. Tax on personal property. Ad valorem personal property taxes shall not be levied on any personal property having tax situs in this State. However, this Section shall not prohibit the collection after January 1, 1979 of any taxes levied under this Code prior to January 1, 1979, on personal property subject to assessment and taxation under this Code prior to January 1, 1979. No property lawfully assessed and taxed as personal property prior to January 1, 1979, or property of like kind acquired or placed in use after January 1, 1979, shall be classified as real property subject to assessment and taxation. No property lawfully assessed and taxed as real property prior to January 1, 1979, or property of like kind acquired or placed in use after January 1, 1979, shall be classified as personal property.
(Source: P.A. 82-935; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-10

    (35 ILCS 200/24-10)
    Sec. 24-10. Statute of limitations for collection of penalties and interest on delinquent personal property taxes. Any interest or penalty on personal property tax levied pursuant to the Revenue Act of 1939 by any taxing district, as defined in that Act, located in a county of less than 400,000 inhabitants, shall not be collected more than 7 years after the date on which the tax was initially levied, notwithstanding any judgment which has been obtained in relation to collection of the tax. For purposes of this Section, "personal property tax" means a tax on personal property imposed by taxing districts pursuant to the Revenue Act of 1939 prior to abolition of authority to impose personal property tax in Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 86-179; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-15

    (35 ILCS 200/24-15)
    Sec. 24-15. Forms and instructions. The Department shall make out and forward to each county clerk for the use of the clerks and other officers, suitable forms and instructions. All instructions shall be strictly complied with by the officers in the performance of their duties. The Department shall give its opinion and advice on all questions of doubt as to the intent and meaning of the provisions of this Code.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 1, p. 1136; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-20

    (35 ILCS 200/24-20)
    Sec. 24-20. Subpoenas. Any person may serve any subpoena issued under this Code.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 354; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-25

    (35 ILCS 200/24-25)
    Sec. 24-25. Notices. All notices required by this Code shall be written or printed notices and shall be served personally upon the persons entitled to notice, or their agents, or by sending the notice by mail to the person so entitled to notice, or to his or her agent, if the residence or business address of the person is known, or by reasonable effort can be ascertained. If the address of a person can not be ascertained, then the notice shall be sent to the address of the person who last paid the taxes upon the property in question. A failure to give any notice required by this Code shall not impair or affect the validity of any assessment as finally made.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-30

    (35 ILCS 200/24-30)
    Sec. 24-30. Oaths. Any oath, authorized to be administered under this Code, may be administered by an assessor or deputy assessor, or by any other officer having authority to administer oaths.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/24-35

    (35 ILCS 200/24-35)
    Sec. 24-35. Property Tax Reform and Relief Task Force.
    (a) There is created the Property Tax Reform and Relief Task Force consisting of 9 members appointed as follows: 3 members appointed by the President of the Senate, one of whom shall be designated as the chair of the Task Force upon appointment; 2 members appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate; 2 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and 2 members appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
    (b) The Task Force shall conduct a study of the property tax system in Illinois and investigate methods of reducing the reliance on property taxes and alternative methods of funding.
    (c) The members of the Task Force shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for their reasonable and necessary expenses from funds appropriated for that purpose.
    (d) The Task Force shall submit its findings to the General Assembly no later than January 1, 2010, at which time the Task Force is dissolved.
    (e) The Department of Revenue shall provide administrative support to the Task Force.
(Source: P.A. 95-644, eff. 10-12-07.)

35 ILCS 200/24-36

    (35 ILCS 200/24-36)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on December 31, 2020)
    Sec. 24-36. Property Tax Relief Task Force.
    (a) The Property Tax Relief Task Force is created. The Task Force shall utilize a racial and economic equity lens to identify the causes of increasingly burdensome property taxes across Illinois, review best practices in public policy strategies that create short-term and long-term property tax relief for homeowners, and make recommendations to assist in the development of short-term and long-term administrative, electoral, and legislative changes needed to create short-term and long-term property tax relief for homeowners.
    (b) The members of the Property Tax Relief Task Force shall include and represent the diversity of the people of Illinois, and shall be composed of the following:
        (1) members appointed by the Governor;
        (2) members of the House of Representatives appointed
    
by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;
        (3) members of the House of Representatives appointed
    
by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives;
        (4) members of the Senate appointed by the Senate
    
President; and
        (5) members of the Senate appointed by the Senate
    
Minority Leader.
    The members of the Task Force shall serve without compensation and shall elect co-chairs from among their number.
    (c) The Department of Revenue shall provide administrative support for the Task Force. The State Board of Education and the Governor's Office of Management and Budget shall collaborate with the Task Force as requested by the Task Force.
    (d) Within 90 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly, the Task Force shall submit an initial report to the Governor and General Assembly outlining short-term and long-term administrative, electoral, and legislative changes needed to create short-term and long-term property tax relief for homeowners.
    (e) The Task Force shall submit a final report to the Governor and the General Assembly outlining short-term and long-term administrative, electoral, and legislative changes needed to create short-term and long-term property tax relief for homeowners by December 31, 2019.
    (f) This Section is repealed December 31, 2020.
(Source: P.A. 101-181, eff. 8-2-19.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 25

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 25 heading)
Article 25. Penalties

35 ILCS 200/25-5

    (35 ILCS 200/25-5)
    Sec. 25-5. Delivery and receipt of collector's book before bond approved. If any county clerk delivers the tax books into the hands of the county collector, or if any collector receives the books or collects any taxes before the collector's bond has been approved and filed, as required by this Code, the clerk and collector, and each of them, shall be liable to a penalty of not less than $500, and all damages and costs, to be recovered in a civil action. The State's Attorney shall bring suit, in the name of the People of the State of Illinois. Nothing in this Section shall be construed as relieving the sureties of a collector from liabilities incurred under a bond not approved and filed as required by this Code.
(Source: P.A. 76-2254; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-10

    (35 ILCS 200/25-10)
    Sec. 25-10. Failure of collector to obtain timely judgment or present list of errors. If any collector, by his own neglect, fails to obtain judgment within the time prescribed by this Code, or fails to present his list of errors in assessment of property at the time required by this Code, he shall lose the benefit of any abatement to which he might have been entitled, and shall pay to the county the full amount charged against him, except that in the 10 years next following the completion of a general reassessment of property in any county with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, the collector is under no duty to obtain judgment earlier than 30 days after taxes upon property have become delinquent and have begun to bear interest.
(Source: P.A. 83-121; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-15

    (35 ILCS 200/25-15)
    Sec. 25-15. Knowing failure of local assessment officer to perform duties. Any local assessment officer or other person whose duty it is to assess property for taxation or equalize any assessment, who refuses or knowingly or wilfully neglects any duty required of him by law, or who consents to or connives at any evasion of this Code whereby any property required to be assessed is unlawfully exempted in whole or in part, or the valuation thereof is set down at more or less than is required by law, is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. He or she shall also be liable upon his bond to the party injured for all damages sustained by that party. He or she shall also be removed from office by the judge of the court before whom he or she is tried and convicted.
(Source: P.A. 77-2236; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-20

    (35 ILCS 200/25-20)
    Sec. 25-20. Knowing failure of public officer to perform duties. Every public officer who refuses to perform or knowingly neglects any duty enjoined upon him by this Code, or who consents or connives to evade its provisions, whereby any proceeding required by this Code shall be prevented or hindered, or whereby any property required to be listed for taxation is unlawfully exempted or the same be entered upon the assessment or collector's books at less than the value required by this Code, or the percentage as may be provided by a county ordinance adopted under Section 4 of Article IX of the Constitution of Illinois, shall, for every such offense, neglect or refusal, be liable, on the complaint of any person, for double the amount of the loss or damage caused thereby, to be recovered in a civil action in the name of the People of the State of Illinois in any court having jurisdiction, and may be removed from office at the discretion of the court.
(Source: P.A. 80-247; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-25

    (35 ILCS 200/25-25)
    Sec. 25-25. Failure of officer to perform duties if no other penalty provided. If any officer fails or neglects to perform any of the duties required of him by this Code, upon being required so to do by any person interested in the matter, and for the failure or neglect to perform that duty there is no other or specific penalty provided in this Code, he shall be liable to a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $500, to be recovered in a civil action in the circuit court of the proper county, and may be removed from office at the discretion of the court. Any officer who knowingly violates any of the provisions of this Code, for the violation of which there is no other specific penalty provided in this Code, shall be liable to a fine not less than $10 nor more than $1,000 to be recovered in a civil action in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, in any court having jurisdiction and may be removed from office at the discretion of the court. Fines when recovered shall be paid into the county treasury.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-30

    (35 ILCS 200/25-30)
    Sec. 25-30. Failure of collector to attend tax sale. If any county collector or designated deputy fails to attend any sale advertised under this Code, and offer property for sale as required by law, he or she shall be liable to pay the amount of taxes, special assessments and costs due on the advertised property. The county collector may afterwards advertise and sell the delinquent property to reimburse himself or herself for the amount advanced by him or her, but at the sale no property shall be forfeited to the State.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-35

    (35 ILCS 200/25-35)
    Sec. 25-35. Failure of county clerk to attend tax sale or keep required records. If any county clerk or designated deputy fails to attend any tax sale, or to make and keep the record, as required by this Code, he or she shall forfeit and pay the sum of $500, and shall be liable to indictment for that failure. Upon conviction he or she shall be removed from office. The sum shall be sued for in civil action, in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, and when recovered shall be paid into the county treasury.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-40

    (35 ILCS 200/25-40)
    Sec. 25-40. Fraudulent return or schedule. Any person who, with intent to defeat or evade the law in relation to the assessment of property, delivers or discloses to any assessor or deputy assessor a false or fraudulent list, return or schedule of his or her property not exempted by law from taxation, is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 77-2236; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/25-45

    (35 ILCS 200/25-45)
    Sec. 25-45. Duty of state's attorney to prosecute. The State's Attorney of each county shall prosecute all violators of this Code. They shall receive as fees the sum of $20 in counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants and $40 in counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants for each conviction, to be taxed as costs, and 10% of all fines collected. The residue of all fines collected under this Code shall be paid into the county treasury for use of the county.
(Source: P.A. 87-669; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 26

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 26 heading)
Article 26. Savings Provisions

35 ILCS 200/26-5

    (35 ILCS 200/26-5)
    Sec. 26-5. Failure to complete assessment in time. An assessment completed beyond the time limits required by this Code shall be as legal and valid as if completed in the time required by law.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/26-10

    (35 ILCS 200/26-10)
    Sec. 26-10. Informality in assessments or lists. An assessment of property or charge for taxes thereon, shall not be considered illegal on account of any informality in making the assessment, or in the tax lists, or on account of the assessments not being made or completed within the time required by law.
(Source: P.A. 83-121; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/26-15

    (35 ILCS 200/26-15)
    Sec. 26-15. Failure to deliver collector's books on time. Any failure to deliver the collector's books within the time required by this Code shall in no way affect the validity of the assessment and levy of taxes. In all cases of failure, the assessment and levy of taxes shall be held to be as valid and binding as if the books had been delivered at or within the time required by law.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/26-20

    (35 ILCS 200/26-20)
    Sec. 26-20. Tax charged to wrong owner. A sale of property for taxes shall not be considered invalid on account of the taxes having been charged in any other name than that of the rightful owner.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/26-25

    (35 ILCS 200/26-25)
    Sec. 26-25. Savings clause for pending proceedings. The enactment of this Code of 1993 shall not be construed to impair any right existing, or affect any proceeding pending, at the time this Code takes effect; but all proceedings for the assessment of any tax, or collection of any tax or special assessment then remaining incomplete, may be completed pursuant to the provisions of this Code. The provisions of this Act shall apply to redemptions from sales made for taxes or special assessment previous to the taking effect hereof, and the mode of giving notice, and of issuing deeds upon certificates of purchase made for taxes.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 27

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 27 heading)
Article 27. Special Service Area Tax Law

35 ILCS 200/27-5

    (35 ILCS 200/27-5)
    Sec. 27-5. Short title; definitions. This Article may be cited as the Special Service Area Tax Law.
    When used in this Article:
    "Services contract" means an agreement between a service provider agency and a municipality or county for the purpose of providing special services in and for a special service area.
    "Service provider agency" means an entity that enters into a services contract with a municipality or county for the purpose of providing special services in and for a special service area.
    "Special Service Area" means a contiguous area within a municipality or county in which special governmental services are provided in addition to those services provided generally throughout the municipality or county, the cost of the special services to be paid from revenues collected from taxes levied or imposed upon property within that area. Territory shall be considered contiguous for purposes of this Article even though certain completely surrounded portions of the territory are excluded from the special service area. A county may create a special service area within a municipality or municipalities when the municipality or municipalities consent to the creation of the special service area. A municipality may create a special service area within a municipality and the unincorporated area of a county or within another municipality when the county or other municipality consents to the creation of the special service area.
    "Special service area commission" means a local board established by the corporate authorities of a municipality or county for the purpose of managing a particular special service area.
    "Special Services" means all forms of services pertaining to the government and affairs of the municipality or county, including but not limited to weather modification and improvements permissible under Article 9 of the Illinois Municipal Code, and contracts for the supply of water as described in Section 11-124-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code which may be entered into by the municipality or by the county on behalf of a county service area.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-10

    (35 ILCS 200/27-10)
    Sec. 27-10. Providing special services. In any case in which a municipality or county exercises the power granted in item (6) of Section 7 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution or in item (2) of subsection (l) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution to provide special services, a tax to provide those special services or provide for the payment of debt incurred for that purpose shall be levied or imposed in accordance with this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)

35 ILCS 200/27-15

    (35 ILCS 200/27-15)
    Sec. 27-15. Governing body. The corporate authorities of the municipality or county shall be the governing body of the special service area.
(Source: P.A. 78-901; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-20

    (35 ILCS 200/27-20)
    Sec. 27-20. Proposals to establish a special service area. To propose the establishment of a special service area, other than one initiated by the corporate authorities, an application shall be filed with the chief elected official of the municipality or county explaining, at a minimum, the following: the name and legal status of the applicant; the special services to be provided; the boundaries of the proposed special service area; the estimated amount of funding required; and the stated need and local support for the proposed special service area. The application must be signed by an owner of record within the proposed special service area. The corporate authorities may accept or reject the application.
(Source: P.A. 87-588; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-25

    (35 ILCS 200/27-25)
    Sec. 27-25. Form of hearing notice. Taxes may be levied or imposed by the municipality or county in the special service area at a rate or amount of tax sufficient to produce revenues required to provide the special services. Prior to the first levy of taxes in the special service area, notice shall be given and a hearing shall be held under the provisions of Sections 27-30 and 27-35. For purposes of this Section the notice shall include:
        (a) The time and place of hearing;
        (b) The boundaries of the area by legal description
    
and, where possible, by street location;
        (c) The permanent tax index number of each parcel
    
located within the area;
        (d) The nature of the proposed special services to be
    
provided within the special service area and a statement as to whether the proposed special services are for new construction, maintenance, or other purposes;
        (d-5) The proposed amount of the tax levy for
    
special services for the initial year for which taxes will be levied within the special service area;
        (e) A notification that all interested persons,
    
including all persons owning taxable real property located within the special service area, will be given an opportunity to be heard at the hearing regarding the tax levy and an opportunity to file objections to the amount of the tax levy if the tax is a tax upon property;
        (f) The maximum rate of taxes to be extended within
    
the special service area in any year and the maximum number of years taxes will be levied if a maximum number of years is to be established; and
        (g) If funds received through the special service
    
area are going to be used by a person or entity other than the municipality or county, then a statement to that effect.
     After the first levy of taxes within the special service area, taxes may continue to be levied in subsequent years without the requirement of an additional public hearing if the tax rate does not exceed the rate specified in the notice for the original public hearing and the taxes are not extended for a longer period than the number of years specified in the notice if a number of years is specified. Tax rates may be increased and the period specified may be extended, if notice is given and new public hearings are held in accordance with Sections 27-30 and 27-35.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-30

    (35 ILCS 200/27-30)
    Sec. 27-30. Manner of notice. Prior to or within 60 days after the adoption of the ordinance proposing the establishment of a special service area the municipality or county shall fix a time and a place for a public hearing. The public hearing shall be held not less than 60 days after the adoption of the ordinance proposing the establishment of a special service area. Notice of the hearing shall be given by publication and mailing, except that notice of a public hearing to propose the establishment of a special service area for weather modification purposes may be given by publication only. Notice by publication shall be given by publication at least once not less than 15 days prior to the hearing in a newspaper of general circulation within the municipality or county. Notice by mailing shall be given by depositing the notice in the United States mails addressed to the person or persons in whose name the general taxes for the last preceding year were paid on each property lying within the special service area. A notice shall be mailed not less than 10 days prior to the time set for the public hearing. In the event taxes for the last preceding year were not paid, the notice shall be sent to the person last listed on the tax rolls prior to that year as the owner of the property.
(Source: P.A. 97-1053, eff. 1-1-13.)

35 ILCS 200/27-32

    (35 ILCS 200/27-32)
    Sec. 27-32. More than 5% increase; hearing. If, in any year other than the initial levy year, the estimated special service area tax levy is more than 105% of the amount extended for special service area purposes for the preceding levy year, notice shall be given and a hearing held on the reason for the increase. Notice of the hearing shall be given in accordance with the Open Meetings Act. A meeting open to the public and convened in a location convenient to property included within the boundaries of the special service area is considered a hearing for purposes of this Section. The hearing may be held prior to the adoption of the proposed ordinance to adopt the annual levy of the special service area, but not more than 30 days prior to the adoption of the ordinance, or at the same time the proposed ordinance to adopt the annual levy of the special service area is considered.
(Source: P.A. 97-1053, eff. 1-1-13.)

35 ILCS 200/27-35

    (35 ILCS 200/27-35)
    Sec. 27-35. Public hearing; protests and objections. At the public hearing, any interested person, including all persons owning taxable property located within the proposed special service area, may file with the municipal clerk or county clerk, as the case may be, written objections to and may be heard orally in respect to any issues embodied in the notice. The municipality or county shall hear and determine all protests and objections at the hearing and the hearing may be adjourned to another date without further notice other than a motion to be entered upon the minutes fixing the time and place it will reconvene. At the public hearing or at the first regular meeting of the corporate authorities thereafter, the municipality or county may delete area from the special service area. However, the special service area must still be a contiguous area as defined in Section 27-5.
(Source: P.A. 82-640; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-40

    (35 ILCS 200/27-40)
    Sec. 27-40. Boundaries of special service area. No lien shall be established against any real property in a special service area nor shall a special service area create a valid tax before a certified copy of an ordinance establishing or altering the boundaries of a special service area, containing a legal description of the territory of the area, the permanent tax index numbers of the parcels located within the territory of the area, an accurate map of the territory, a copy of the notice of the public hearing, and a description of the special services to be provided is filed for record in the office of the recorder in each county in which any part of the area is located. The ordinance must be recorded no later than 60 days after the date the ordinance was adopted. An ordinance establishing a special service area recorded beyond the 60 days is not valid. The requirement for recording within 60 days shall not apply to any establishment or alteration of the boundaries of a service area that occurred before September 23, 1991.
(Source: P.A. 93-1013, eff. 8-24-04.)

35 ILCS 200/27-45

    (35 ILCS 200/27-45)
    Sec. 27-45. Issuance of bonds. Bonds secured by the full faith and credit of the area included in the special service area may be issued for providing the special services. Bonds, when so issued, shall be retired by the levy of taxes in addition to the taxes specified in Section 27-25 against all of the taxable real property included in the area as provided in the ordinance authorizing the issuance of the bonds or by the imposition of another tax within the special service area. The county clerk shall annually extend taxes against all of the taxable property situated in the county and contained in such special service area in amounts sufficient to pay maturing principal and interest of those bonds without limitation as to rate or amount and in addition to and in excess of any taxes that may now or hereafter be authorized to be levied by the municipality or county. Prior to the issuance of those bonds, notice shall be given and a hearing shall be held pursuant to the provisions of Sections 27-30 and 27-35. For purposes of this Section a notice shall include:
        (a) The time and place of hearing;
        (b) The boundaries of the area by legal description
    
and, where possible, by street location;
        (c) The permanent tax index number of each parcel
    
located within the area;
        (d) The nature of the special services to be provided
    
within the proposed special service area and a statement as to whether the proposed special services are for new construction, maintenance, or other purposes;
        (e) If the special services are to be maintained
    
other than by the municipality or the county after the life of the bonds, then a statement indicating who will be responsible for maintenance of the special services after the life of the bonds;
        (f) A notification that all interested persons,
    
including all persons owning taxable property located within the special service area, will be given an opportunity to be heard at the hearing regarding the issuance of the bonds and an opportunity to file objections to the issuance of the bonds; and
        (g) The maximum amount of bonds proposed to be
    
issued, the maximum period of time over which the bonds will be retired, and the maximum interest rate the bonds will bear.
    The question of the creation of a special service area, the levy or imposition of a tax in the special service area and the issuance of bonds for providing special services may all be considered together at one hearing.
    Any bonds issued shall not exceed the number of bonds, the interest rate and the period of extension set forth in the notice, unless an additional hearing is held.
    If the municipality or county finds that refunding is in the best interest of the taxpayers of the special service area, special service area bonds may be issued to refund or advance refund special service area bonds without meeting any of the notice or hearing requirements set forth in this Section, except that the interest rate on the refunding bonds and the maximum period of time over which the refunding bonds will be retired may not be greater than that set forth in the original notice for the refunded bonds. Notwithstanding any provision of this Section to the contrary, the debt service of the refunding bonds issued pursuant to this Section may not exceed the debt service estimated to be paid over the remaining duration of the refunded bonds.
    Property taxes levied under the provisions of Section 27-75 of this Code in 2 or more special service areas established under this Article 27 may be pledged to secure a single bond issue benefitting the special service areas if those special service areas are within the corporate limits of a municipality. Any such property taxes must be levied on a basis that provides a rational relationship between the amount of the tax levied against each lot, block, tract, and parcel of land in each special service area and the special service benefit rendered. The changes made by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly do not change any other terms, duties, or powers of a special service area under this Article.
    Bonds issued pursuant to this Article shall not be regarded as indebtedness of the municipality or county, as the case may be, for the purpose of any limitation imposed by any law.
(Source: P.A. 96-884, eff. 3-1-10.)

35 ILCS 200/27-50

    (35 ILCS 200/27-50)
    Sec. 27-50. Enlargement of special service area. Boundaries of a special service area may be enlarged, but only after hearing and notice as provided in Sections 27-30 and 27-35. The notice shall be served in the original area of the special service area and in any areas proposed to be added to the special service area, except when the property being added represents less than 5% of the equalized assessed valuation of the entire original area, as determined by the clerk of the county in which the land is located, the notice by mailing requirement of Section 27-30 shall be limited only to the area to be added and not to the original special service area. The property added to the area shall be subject to all taxes levied in the area after the property becomes a part of the area and shall become additional security for bonded indebtedness outstanding at the time the property is added to the area.
(Source: P.A. 81-819; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-55

    (35 ILCS 200/27-55)
    Sec. 27-55. Objection petition. If a petition signed by at least 51% of the electors residing within the special service area and by at least 51% of the owners of record of the land included within the boundaries of the special service area is filed with the municipal clerk or county clerk, as the case may be, within 60 days following the final adjournment of the public hearing, objecting to the creation of the special service district, the enlargement of the area, the levy or imposition of a tax or the issuance of bonds for the provision of special services to the area, or to a proposed increase in the tax rate, the district shall not be created or enlarged, or the tax shall not be levied or imposed nor the rate increased, or no bonds may be issued. The subject matter of the petition shall not be proposed relative to any signatories of the petition within the next 2 years. Each resident of the special service area registered to vote at the time of the public hearing held with regard to the special service area shall be considered an elector. Each person in whose name legal title to land included within the boundaries of the special service area is held according to the records of the county in which the land is located shall be considered an owner of record. Owners of record shall be determined at the time of the public hearing held with regard to a special service area. Land owned in the name of a land trust, corporation, estate or partnership shall be considered to have a single owner of record.
(Source: P.A. 82-640; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-55a

    (35 ILCS 200/27-55a)
    Sec. 27-55a. Restrictive covenants; waiver of certain rights. A deed restriction, restrictive covenant, or similar provision may not waive, prohibit, or restrict the statutory rights to notice of a public hearing or the right to object, oppose, or challenge (i) the creation of a special service area, (ii) the levy of any tax of a special service area, or (iii) the issuance of bonds of a special service area. Any such deed restriction, restrictive covenant, or similar provision shall not be enforceable and is null and void against the property owner, lot or unit owner of the common interest community, condominium, or cooperative. The term "common interest community" in this Section has the same meaning as set forth in Section 9-102(c) of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 97-533, eff. 8-23-11.)

35 ILCS 200/27-60

    (35 ILCS 200/27-60)
    Sec. 27-60. Petition for disconnection from special service area.
    (a) Any territory located within the boundaries of any special service area organized under this Article, other than a special service area for weather modification, may become disconnected from the area in the manner provided in this Section.
    (b) A majority of the resident electors and a majority of the record owners of land in the territory sought to be disconnected from the area may sign a petition. The petition shall be addressed to the circuit court and shall contain a definite description of the boundaries of the territory and recite as a fact, that as of the date the petition is filed, the territory was not, is not, and is not intended by the corporate authority which created the special service area to be, either benefited or served by any work or services either then existing or then authorized by the special service area, and that the territory constitutes less than 1 1/2% of the special service area's total equalized assessed valuation.
    (c) In addition, the corporate authorities of a municipality in which a special service area, other than a special service area for weather modification, is located may file a petition with the circuit court to disconnect territory from the special service area. The petition shall contain a definite description of the boundaries of the territory to be disconnected and recite as a fact that, as of the date the petition is filed, the territory was not, is not, and is not intended by the corporate authority that created the special service area to be either benefited or served by any work or services either then existing or then authorized by the special service area.
(Source: P.A. 96-1031, eff. 7-14-10.)

35 ILCS 200/27-65

    (35 ILCS 200/27-65)
    Sec. 27-65. Public hearing on petition; court order. Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall set it for public hearing within 60 days after the date of the filing of the petition. The court shall give at least 45 days notice of the hearing by publishing notice of the hearing once in a newspaper having a general circulation within the special service area from which the territory is sought to be disconnected. The notice (a) shall refer to the petition filed within the court, (b) shall describe the territory proposed to be disconnected, (c) shall indicate the prayer of the petition and the date, time and place at which the public hearing will be held, and (d) shall further indicate that the corporate authority which created the special service area and any persons residing in or owning property in the territory involved or in the special service area from which the territory is sought to be disconnected shall have an opportunity to be heard on the prayer of the petition. Notice of the filing of the petition, the substance of which shall be as prescribed above for the published notice, shall also be mailed to the presiding officer of the corporate authority from which the territory is sought to be disconnected.
    The public hearing may be continued from time to time by the court. After the public hearing and having heard all persons desiring to be heard, including the corporate authority and all persons residing in or owning property in the territory involved or in the special service area from which the territory is sought to be disconnected, if the court finds that all the allegations of the petition are true, the court shall grant the prayer of the petition and shall enter an order disconnecting the territory from the special service area. The order shall be entered at length in the records of the court, and the clerk of the court shall file a certified copy of the order with the clerk of the municipality or county which created the special service area from which the territory has been disconnected. If the court finds that the allegations contained in the petition are not true, the court shall enter an order dismissing it.
(Source: P.A. 83-1245; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-70

    (35 ILCS 200/27-70)
    Sec. 27-70. Effect of disconnection. Any disconnected territory shall cease to be subject to any taxes levied under this Article and shall not be security for any future bonded indebtedness. When the amount of any special service area levied taxes is cancelled due to disconnection of territory, the court may, in the same disconnection proceeding, distribute this cancellation upon the other property in the area assessed, in such manner as the court finds just and equitable, not exceeding, however, the amount by which the property will benefit from the special service.
(Source: P.A. 83-1245; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-75

    (35 ILCS 200/27-75)
    Sec. 27-75. Extension of tax levy. If a property tax is levied, the tax shall be extended by the county clerk in the special service area in the manner provided by Articles 1 through 26 of this Code based on equalized assessed values as established under Articles 1 through 26. The municipality or county shall file a certified copy of the ordinance creating the special service area, including an accurate map thereof, a copy of the public hearing notice, and a description of the special services to be provided, with the county clerk. The corporate authorities of the municipality or county may levy taxes in the special service area prior to the date the levy must be filed with the county clerk, for the same year in which the ordinance and map are filed with the county clerk. In addition, the corporate authorities shall file a certified copy of each ordinance levying taxes in the special service area on or before the last Tuesday of December of each year and shall file a certified copy of any ordinance authorizing the issuance of bonds and providing for a property tax levy in the area by December 31 of the year of the first levy.
    In lieu of or in addition to an ad valorem property tax, a special tax may be levied and extended within the special service area on any other basis that provides a rational relationship between the amount of the tax levied against each lot, block, tract and parcel of land in the special service area and the special service benefit rendered. In that case, a special tax roll shall be prepared containing: (a) a description of the special services to be provided, (b) an explanation of the method of spreading the special tax, (c) a list of lots, blocks, tracts and parcels of land in the special service area, and (d) the amount assessed against each. The special tax roll shall be included in the ordinance establishing the special service area or in an amendment of the ordinance, and shall be filed with the county clerk for use in extending the tax. The lien and foreclosure remedies provided in Article 9 of the Illinois Municipal Code shall apply upon non-payment of the special tax.
    As an alternative to an ad valorem tax based on the whole equalized assessed value of the property, the corporate authorities may provide for the ad valorem tax to be extended solely upon the equalized assessed value of the land in a special service area, without regard to improvements, if the equalized assessed value of the land in the special service area is at least 75% of the total of the whole equalized assessed value of property within the special service area at the time that it was established. If the corporate authorities choose to provide for this method of taxation on the land value only, then each notice given in connection with the special service area must include a statement in substantially the following form: "The taxes to be extended shall be upon the equalized assessed value of the land in the proposed special service area, without regard to improvements." Section 10-30 of this Code does not apply to any property that is part of a special service area created under this paragraph, namely, property for which the ad valorem taxes are extended solely upon the equalized assessed value of the land in the special service area, without regard to improvements.
(Source: P.A. 96-1396, eff. 7-29-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

35 ILCS 200/27-80

    (35 ILCS 200/27-80)
    Sec. 27-80. Weather modification referendum. A special service area for weather modification shall not be established by a municipality or county until the question of establishing the special service area has first been submitted to the voters of the proposed area and approved by a majority of the voters voting on the question. The corporate authorities proposing a special service area shall certify the proposition for establishment of the area to the proper election officials who shall submit the proposition to the voters at an election in accordance with the general election law. The proposition shall be in substantially the following form:
--------------------------------------------------------------
    Shall a special service area for
weather modification be created by               YES
....., and be authorized to levy a tax       -----------------
not to exceed .....%  of the equalized           NO
and assessed value of farmland?
--------------------------------------------------------------
    If a majority of votes cast on the proposition are in favor, the special service area is established. Notwithstanding any other provision, a special service area established for weather modification purposes shall not levy a tax in excess of .05% of the equalized assessed value of all taxable property assessed as farmland pursuant to Sections 10-110 through 10-140. Taxes levied by the municipality or county for a special service area for weather modification may be used only for purposes of weather modification, and may not be used for administrative purposes. Any taxes levied under this Section for weather modification purposes which are unpaid shall be treated as delinquent taxes under Article 21 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 83-1245; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-85

    (35 ILCS 200/27-85)
    Sec. 27-85. Dissolution of weather modification area. If 10% of the electors residing in a special service area for weather modification petition the corporate authorities for dissolution of the special service area, the proposition shall be certified to the proper election officials who shall submit the proposition to the voters at an election in accordance with the general election law. The proposition shall be in substantially the following form:
--------------------------------------------------------------
    Shall the special service area       YES
for weather modification purposes  ---------------------------
created by ..... be dissolved?            NO
--------------------------------------------------------------
    If a majority of the votes cast on the proposition are in favor, the special service area is dissolved. If a special service area is dissolved and any unexpended funds remain from previous levies, the funds shall be paid to owners of property located in the special service area. The payments shall be prorated among the owners on the basis of acreage.
(Source: P.A. 82-282; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/27-87

    (35 ILCS 200/27-87)
    Sec. 27-87. Special service areas to protect the health and safety of workers, tenants, and visitors in buildings. A municipality may propose a special service area as provided in this Law for the purpose of providing improvements to any one or more buildings if the improvements are required by municipal ordinance in order to protect the health and safety of workers, tenants, and visitors in the buildings; provided that if the owners of 100% of the number of lots, tracts, and parcels of the real estate that are to be subject to the tax file a petition with the clerk of the municipality agreeing with the establishment of a special service area, then the corporate authorities of the municipality may proceed with the establishment of the special service area. If a petition is not filed or contains an insufficient number of signatures, the corporate authorities of the municipality may not proceed further, and the same establishment of a special service area shall not again be initiated for a period of one year.
(Source: P.A. 94-689, eff. 1-1-06.)

35 ILCS 200/27-90

    (35 ILCS 200/27-90)
    Sec. 27-90. Special service area for privately owned or maintained roads. If at least 30% of the street or road mileage within the corporate limits of a municipality is comprised of streets and roadways not owned or controlled by the municipality or any other unit of government, and if the streets and roadways (including related drainage facilities and appurtenances) provide access for police, fire, and other emergency vehicles, the municipality may propose a special service area as provided in this Law for the purpose of repairing, reconstructing, or maintaining those streets and roadways; provided that if the owners of 51% or more in number of the lots, tracts, and parcels of real estate that are to be subject to the tax file a petition with the clerk of the municipality agreeing with the establishment of a special service area, then the corporate authorities of the municipality shall proceed with the establishment of a special service area. If a petition is not filed or contains an insufficient number of signatures, the corporate authorities of the municipality shall proceed no further and the same establishment of a special service area shall not again be initiated for a period of one year.
(Source: P.A. 90-299, eff. 8-1-97.)

35 ILCS 200/27-93

    (35 ILCS 200/27-93)
    Sec. 27-93. Refunds; special service area fund. If the corporate authorities determine that excess revenues exist in a special service area fund at the end of the life of the special service area and if the option to abate a portion of the final tax levy for the special service area is no longer available, then the excess funds must be refunded to the taxpayers of record for all parcels within the special service area, as of the date the refund is declared, on a pro rata basis based upon each parcel's proportionate share of the total equalized assessed valuation of all parcels within the special service area. In processing the refund, the county or municipality may deduct not more than 5% of the amount declared to be refunded to cover its costs and expenses relative to declaring and making the refund.
(Source: P.A. 92-226, eff. 1-1-02.)

35 ILCS 200/27-95

    (35 ILCS 200/27-95)
    Sec. 27-95. Special service area for privately owned or maintained roads in unincorporated areas.
    (a) If an unincorporated area of a county under township organization in subdivisions initially platted before January 1, 1995 contains at least one mile of streets or roadways situated entirely within a township and not owned by the county or any other unit of government, and if the streets and roadways, including related drainage facilities and appurtenances, provide access for police, fire, and other emergency vehicles, the highway commissioner, upon consultation with the county engineer or county superintendent of highways, may propose a special service area as provided in this Section for the purpose of repairing, reconstructing, or maintaining those streets and roadways, and the corporate authorities of the county within which the streets and roadways are located may levy or impose additional taxes upon property within the area for the provision of special services and for the payment of debt incurred in order to provide those special services; provided that if the owners of 51% or more in the number of the lots, tracts, and parcels of real estate that are to be subject to the tax file a petition with the county clerk agreeing with the establishment of a special service area, then the corporate authorities of the county shall proceed with the establishment of the special service area. If a petition is not filed or contains an insufficient number of signatures, the County Board shall proceed no further and the same establishment of a special service area shall not again be initiated for a period of one year.
    (b) The county engineer or county superintendent of highways may expend county highway funds in providing consultation to a highway commissioner concerning the establishment of a special service area or its administration by the road district.
    (c) The corporate authorities of the county may issue bonds as provided in this Code to fund the provision of special services within the boundaries of the special service area.
    (d) The highway commissioner shall make or let contracts, employ labor, and purchase materials and machinery necessary for repairing, reconstructing, or maintaining streets and roadways within a special service area established as provided in this Section. The cost of these obligations shall be reimbursed by the county with special service area tax revenues or bond proceeds, subject to supervision by the county engineer or county superintendent of highways as provided in the Illinois Highway Code.
    (e) The highway commissioner may propose an increase in the tax rate whenever available funding is or may become insufficient to meet the cost of providing special services under this Section, provided notice is given and new public hearings are held in accordance with Sections 27-30 and 27-35. If a petition by at least 51% of the electors and 51% of the owners of record is filed in accordance with Section 27-55 objecting to a proposed increase in the tax rate, the tax rate shall not be increased, and the road district shall have no further obligation beyond available funding to provide any services for repairing, reconstructing, or maintaining streets and roadways within the special service area. Upon satisfaction of all bonded indebtedness and other obligations incurred in providing the special services, the special service area shall be dissolved.
(Source: P.A. 93-193, eff. 7-14-03.)

35 ILCS 200/27-100

    (35 ILCS 200/27-100)
    Sec. 27-100. Special service area commissions.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no member of a special service area commission may be an executive officer, owner, or member of the board of directors of the service provider agency selected for a services contract for that special service area.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no business owned by a member of a special service area commission may, for valuable consideration, provide goods or services as a subcontractor of a service provider agency pursuant to a services contract for the special service area that is the subject of that special service area commission. No business owned by an employee or elected official of a municipality may, for valuable consideration, provide goods or services as a subcontractor of a service provider agency pursuant to a services contract for any special service area located within that municipality.
    (c) At least one membership position for a special service area commission in a special service area which contains one or more homestead properties, as defined in Section 15-175, shall be reserved as a first priority membership position for any owner of homestead property located within such special service area.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-105

    (35 ILCS 200/27-105)
    Sec. 27-105. Lines of credit. Special service area commissions may not establish a loan or line of credit in connection with the special service area. Service provider agencies in those municipalities may establish a loan or line of credit in connection with the special service area; however, financing under this Section may not be secured by future tax revenue generated by the special service area.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-110

    (35 ILCS 200/27-110)
    Sec. 27-110. Special service area moneys used in the next fiscal year. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if there is excess money remaining in a special service area fund at the end of a fiscal year, then the corporate authorities may authorize the use of that excess money to provide special services within the special service area in the next fiscal year, provided that the total amount used for purposes other than capital expenditures may not exceed 25% of the previous fiscal year's budget for the special service area.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-115

    (35 ILCS 200/27-115)
    Sec. 27-115. Special service area audits. Each special service area commission shall cause an audit of the funds and accounts of the special service area to be submitted to the corporate authorities of the municipality at least annually. The audit shall be made in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-120

    (35 ILCS 200/27-120)
    Sec. 27-120. Exclusion of erroneously included property. If a property is determined by the corporate authorities of the municipality to be erroneously included in a special service area, the corporate authorities of the municipality may disconnect that property from the special service area solely by municipal action without regard to Section 27-60 or Section 27-65 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/27-125

    (35 ILCS 200/27-125)
    Sec. 27-125. Administrative fees. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an annual administrative fee may be charged for the administration of a special service area. Such annual administrative fee may be derived from the annual tax levy for each special service area. Any amount recommended by a special service area commission and approved as an administrative expense which may be paid to the service provider agency pursuant to the budget included in a services contract shall not exceed 30% of the annual tax levy for the special service area that is the subject of such services contract and is separate from any municipal administrative fee.
(Source: P.A. 99-930, eff. 1-20-17.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 28

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 28 heading)
Article 28. Special Assessment Apportionment Law

35 ILCS 200/28-1

    (35 ILCS 200/28-1)
    Sec. 28-1. Short title. This Article may be cited as the Special Assessment Apportionment Law.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/28-5

    (35 ILCS 200/28-5)
    Sec. 28-5. Apportionment upon subdivision. If a special assessment that is payable in installments has been made by any corporate authority, for supplying water, or other corporate purpose, and if all or some of the owner or owners of any parcel of land so assessed desire to subdivide the parcel, and to apportion the assessment and the several installments so that each parcel of the proposed subdivision will bear its just and equitable proportion, it may be done as provided in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 83-345; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/28-10

    (35 ILCS 200/28-10)
    Sec. 28-10. Apportionment petition. The owner or owners of the parcel of land shall present to the corporate authority a petition, setting forth:
        (a) The descriptive character of the assessment and
    
the date of the confirmation of the assessment.
        (b) The names of the owners.
        (c) A description of the land proposed to be
    
subdivided, together with the amount of each installment thereon, and the year or years for which the installments are due.
        (d) A plat showing the proposed subdivision.
        (e) The proposed apportionment of the amount of each
    
installment on each lot or parcel according to the proposed subdivision.
    The petition shall be acknowledged in the manner provided for the acknowledgment of deeds.
(Source: P.A. 83-345; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/28-15

    (35 ILCS 200/28-15)
    Sec. 28-15. Approval of petition by corporate authority; effect. If the corporate authority is satisfied with the proposed division, it shall cause to be indorsed upon or attached to the petition its approval by its clerk or secretary, under its corporate seal. The approved petition shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the land is situated, and the apportioned assessment shall stand in place of the original assessment and the several amounts so apportioned shall be liens upon the several parcels charged, respectively. For the purpose of collecting the assessment all proceedings shall be had and taken as if the assessment and installments had been made and apportioned in the first instance according to the apportioned description and amounts. The respective owners shall be held to have waived every and all objections to the assessment and the apportionment. This Article does not apply to any parcel of land on which any delinquent installment remains due and unpaid.
(Source: P.A. 83-345; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/28-20

    (35 ILCS 200/28-20)
    Sec. 28-20. Apportionment by court. If the owners are unable to agree as to the apportionment, or any of them are under legal disability, one or more of them may file a petition with the circuit court of the county in which the land so assessed is situated, substantially in the form provided in Section 28-10. The corporate authority, together with all owners or persons interested, not joined as petitioners, and unknown owners, if any, shall be made parties defendant. All proceedings shall be had as in other civil cases. The court may hear and determine the case according to the right of the matter. A copy of the record of the proceedings of the court relating to the premises in case of an apportionment, duly certified, shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk. As to the land covered by the court's order, the owners of the land, the apportionment, and the collection of the several amounts apportioned, the proceedings have the same force and effect as is provided in Section 28-15 when the corporate authorities approved a petition.
(Source: P.A. 83-345; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 29

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 29 heading)
Article 29. Special Assessments Benefiting State Property Law

35 ILCS 200/29-1

    (35 ILCS 200/29-1)
    Sec. 29-1. Short title. This Article may be cited as the Special Assessment Benefiting State Property Law.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/29-5

    (35 ILCS 200/29-5)
    Sec. 29-5. State policy. It is the policy of this State that when any unit of local government makes a local improvement by special assessment or special tax which benefits abutting State property, the State should pay for the benefit so conferred on the same basis as other property owners benefited by that improvement, subject to the same rights as are afforded to those property owners.
(Source: P.A. 86-933; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/29-10

    (35 ILCS 200/29-10)
    Sec. 29-10. State must be party to proceedings. No amount may be claimed from the State by or on behalf of any unit of local government for any local improvement made by special assessment or special tax that benefits, or is alleged to benefit, abutting property owned by the State unless the State has been made a party to all proceedings, has been given all notices, and has been afforded the same opportunities for hearing and for objecting to the assessment in the same manner and under the same conditions as provided in the law applicable to the making of the local improvement by special assessment or special tax by that unit of local government.
    For the purposes of this Article, any notices required under applicable law must be sent by registered or certified mail to the Director of the Department or the other State officer having jurisdiction over the State property affected, to the Director of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, and to the Attorney General.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)

35 ILCS 200/29-15

    (35 ILCS 200/29-15)
    Sec. 29-15. Payment of assessment. When the Attorney General has certified to the Director of Commerce and Economic Opportunity that the amount, in the nature of a special assessment by which specified abutting State property has been benefited by a specified local improvement, has been determined in compliance with this Article, the Director shall, to the extent that appropriations are available for that purpose, voucher the amount of that assessment, or $25,000, whichever is less, for payment to the appropriate unit of local government. When the amount appropriated in any fiscal year for those purposes is insufficient to pay a special assessment totalling $25,000 or less in full, the balance of that special assessment shall be vouchered for payment from the appropriation for those purposes for the next succeeding fiscal year.
    If the amount of the assessment exceeds $25,000, the Director of the Department or the other State officer having jurisdiction over the property affected shall include in the Department's budget for the next succeeding fiscal year a request for the appropriation of the amount by which the assessment exceeds $25,000, plus interest, if any, which shall be vouchered for payment from that appropriation.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)

35 ILCS 200/29-20

    (35 ILCS 200/29-20)
    Sec. 29-20. No lien on State property. Nothing in this Article permits the imposition or enforcement of a lien on State property.
(Source: P.A. 86-933; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 30

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 30 heading)
Article 30. Fiscal Responsibility Law

35 ILCS 200/30-1

    (35 ILCS 200/30-1)
    Sec. 30-1. Short title. This Article may be cited as the Fiscal Responsibility Law.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/30-5

    (35 ILCS 200/30-5)
    Sec. 30-5. Definition. As used in this Article, "taxing district" has the meaning stated in Section 1-150.
(Source: P.A. 84-205; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/30-10

    (35 ILCS 200/30-10)
    Sec. 30-10. Special reserve fund. The governing body of any taxing district may, by ordinance or resolution, establish a special reserve fund for the purpose of accumulating monies to pay refunds of erroneously or illegally collected taxes. A taxing district establishing a special fund may transfer into the fund each year taxes or monies from the general corporate fund to be used solely for the payment of tax refunds and expenses incident to refunds. The balance of the fund shall not exceed 1/2 of 1% of the equalized assessed valuation of property in the taxing district.
(Source: P.A. 84-205; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/30-15

    (35 ILCS 200/30-15)
    Sec. 30-15. Effect of fund on levies. A tax levy of a taxing district shall not be deemed invalid for the sole reason that the taxing district has accumulated monies in a special reserve fund pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 84-205; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/30-20

    (35 ILCS 200/30-20)
    Sec. 30-20. Tax reimbursement account. If the corporate authorities of a taxing district determine that the taxing district has on hand surplus funds from any source, then the corporate authorities may transfer those surplus funds into a tax reimbursement account.
(Source: P.A. 87-737; 87-767; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/30-25

    (35 ILCS 200/30-25)
    Sec. 30-25. Distributions from account.
    (a) At the direction of the corporate authorities of a taxing district, the treasurer of the taxing district shall disburse the amounts held in the tax reimbursement account. Unless the taxing district has divided the moneys as provided in subsection (b), disbursements shall be made to all of the owners of taxable homestead property within the taxing district. Each owner of taxable homestead property shall receive a proportionate share of the total disbursement based on the amount of ad valorem taxes on taxable homestead property paid by the owner to the taxing district under the most recent tax bill.
    (b) The corporate authorities of a taxing district may direct the treasurer to divide the moneys deposited into the account into 2 separate pools to be designated the homestead property pool and the commercial or industrial property pool. The amount to be deposited into each pool shall be determined by the corporate authorities of the taxing district, except that at least 50% of the moneys in the account shall be deposited into the homestead property pool. The treasurer shall disburse the amounts held in each pool in the tax reimbursement account at the direction of the corporate authorities. Disbursements from the homestead property pool shall be made to all of the owners of taxable homestead property within the taxing district. Each owner of taxable homestead property shall receive a proportionate share of the total disbursement from the pool based on the amount of ad valorem taxes on taxable homestead property paid by the owner to the taxing district under the most recent tax bill. Disbursements from the commercial or industrial property pool shall be made to all of the owners of taxable commercial or industrial property, except those owners whose property is located within a tax increment financing district or those owners whose property is classified as an apartment building. Each eligible owner of taxable commercial or industrial property shall receive a proportionate share of the total disbursement from the pool based on the amount of ad valorem taxes on taxable commercial or industrial property paid by the owner to the taxing district under the most recent tax bill.
    (c) In determining the proportionate share of each owner of homestead property, the numerator shall be the amount of taxes on homestead property paid by that owner to the taxing district under the most recent tax bill, and the denominator shall be the aggregate total of all taxes on homestead property paid by all owners to the taxing district under the most recent tax bills.
    (d) In determining the proportionate share of each owner of commercial or industrial property, the numerator shall be the amount of taxes on commercial or industrial property paid by that owner to the taxing district under the most recent tax bill, and the denominator shall be the aggregate total of all taxes on commercial or industrial property paid by all owners to the taxing district under the most recent tax bills less taxes paid on commercial or industrial property located in a tax increment financing district and taxes paid on an apartment building.
(Source: P.A. 90-471, eff. 8-17-97.)

35 ILCS 200/30-30

    (35 ILCS 200/30-30)
    Sec. 30-30. Fiscal Responsibility Report Card. The corporate authority of each taxing district, other than a school district, that imposes ad valorem taxes, within 180 days of the conclusion of the fiscal year of the taxing district, shall submit to the State Comptroller and the county clerk of each county in which a part of the taxing district is located a Fiscal Responsibility Report Card in the form prescribed by the State Comptroller after consultation with other State Constitutional officers as the State Comptroller selects. The Fiscal Responsibility Report Card shall inform taxpayers about the amounts, sources, and uses of tax revenues received and expended by the taxing district.
(Source: P.A. 87-782; 87-1002; 88-455; incorporates 88-280; 88-670, eff. 12-2-94.)

35 ILCS 200/30-31

    (35 ILCS 200/30-31)
    Sec. 30-31. Fiscal Responsibility Report Card; State Comptroller. The State Comptroller, within 180 days of the conclusion of the fiscal year of the State, shall submit to the General Assembly and the clerk of each county a Fiscal Responsibility Report Card in the form prescribed by the State Comptroller after consultation with other State Constitutional officers selected by the State Comptroller. The Fiscal Responsibility Report Card shall inform the General Assembly and the county clerks about the amounts, sources, and uses of tax revenues received and expended by each taxing district, other than a school district, that imposes ad valorem taxes.
(Source: Incorporates P.A. 88-280; 88-670, eff. 12-2-94.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 31

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 31 heading)
Article 31. Real Estate Transfer Tax Law

35 ILCS 200/31-1

    (35 ILCS 200/31-1)
    Sec. 31-1. Short title. This Article may be cited as the Real Estate Transfer Tax Law.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1716; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/31-5

    (35 ILCS 200/31-5)
    Sec. 31-5. Definitions.
    "Affixed" means physically or electronically indicated.
    "Recordation" includes the issuance of certificates of title by Registrars of Title under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act pursuant to the filing of deeds or trust documents for that purpose, as well as the recording of deeds or trust documents by recorders.
    "Department" means the Department of Revenue.
    "Person" means any natural individual, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, joint adventure, public or private corporation, limited liability company, or a receiver, executor, trustee, guardian or other representative appointed by order of any court.
    "Revenue stamp" means physical, electronic, or alternative indicia that indicates the amount of tax paid.
    "Value" means the amount of the full actual consideration for the real property or the beneficial interest in real property located in Illinois, including the amount of any lien on the real property assumed by the transferee.
    "Trust document" means a document required to be recorded under the Land Trust Recordation and Transfer Tax Act and, beginning June 1, 2005, also means any document relating to the transfer of a taxable beneficial interest under this Article.
    "Beneficial interest" includes, but is not limited to:
        (1) the beneficial interest in an Illinois land trust;
        (2) the lessee interest in a ground lease (including
    
any interest of the lessee in the related improvements) that provides for a term of 30 or more years when all options to renew or extend are included, whether or not any portion of the term has expired; or
        (3) the indirect interest in real property as
    
reflected by a controlling interest in a real estate entity.
    "Controlling interest" means more than 50% of the fair market value of all ownership interests or beneficial interests in a real estate entity.
    "Real estate entity" means any person including, but not limited to, any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, other entity, or multi-tiered entity, that exists or acts substantially for the purpose of holding directly or indirectly title to or beneficial interest in real property. There is a rebuttable presumption that an entity is a real estate entity if it owns, directly or indirectly, real property having a fair market value greater than 75% of the total fair market value of all of the entity's assets, determined without deduction for any mortgage, lien, or encumbrance.
(Source: P.A. 98-929, eff. 8-15-14.)

35 ILCS 200/31-10

    (35 ILCS 200/31-10)
    Sec. 31-10. Imposition of tax. A tax is imposed on the privilege of transferring title to real estate located in Illinois, on the privilege of transferring a beneficial interest in real property located in Illinois, and on the privilege of transferring a controlling interest in a real estate entity owning property located in Illinois, at the rate of 50 for each $500 of value or fraction of $500 stated in the declaration required by Section 31-25. If, however, the transferring document states that the real estate, beneficial interest, or controlling interest is transferred subject to a mortgage, the amount of the mortgage remaining outstanding at the time of transfer shall not be included in the basis of computing the tax. The tax is due if the transfer is made by one or more related transactions or involves one or more persons or entities and whether or not a document is recorded.
(Source: P.A. 93-657, eff. 6-1-04; 93-1099, eff. 6-1-05.)

35 ILCS 200/31-15

    (35 ILCS 200/31-15)
    Sec. 31-15. Collection of tax.
    (a) Paper revenue stamps. The tax shall be collected by the recorder or registrar of titles of the county in which the property is situated through the sale of revenue stamps, the design, denominations and form of which shall be prescribed by the Department. The revenue stamps shall be sold by the Department to the recorder or registrar of titles who shall cause them to be sold for the purposes prescribed. The Department shall charge at a rate of 50 per $500 of value in units of not less than $500. The recorder or registrar of titles of the several counties shall sell the revenue stamps at a rate of 50 per $500 of value or fraction of $500. The recorder or registrar of titles may use the proceeds for the purchase of revenue stamps from the Department. The Department must establish a system to allow the recorder or registrar of titles to purchase the revenue stamps electronically and must deliver the electronically purchased stamps to the recorder or registrar of titles.
    (b) Electronic revenue stamp or alternative indicia. If the recorder or registrar of titles uses an electronic revenue stamp or alternative indicia, the recorder or registrar of titles shall electronically file a return and electronically remit the tax to the Department on or before the 10th day of the month following the month in which the tax was required to be collected. The return shall disclose the tax collected and other information that the Department may reasonably require. The return shall be filed using a format prescribed by the Department.
    If a return is not filed or the tax is not fully paid as required under this Section within 15 days of the required time period, the Department may eliminate the recorder or registrar of titles' ability to electronically file its returns and electronically remit the tax until such time as the recorder or registrar of titles fully remits the return and tax amount due.
(Source: P.A. 98-929, eff. 8-15-14.)

35 ILCS 200/31-20

    (35 ILCS 200/31-20)
    Sec. 31-20. Affixing of stamps. Payment of the tax shall be evidenced by revenue stamps in the amount required to show full payment of the tax imposed by Section 31-10. Except as provided in Section 31-45, a deed, document transferring a controlling interest in real property, or trust document shall not be accepted for filing by any recorder or registrar of titles unless revenue stamps in the required amount have been purchased from the recorder or registrar of titles of the county where the deed, document transferring a controlling interest in real property, or trust document is being filed for recordation. The revenue stamps shall be affixed to the deed, document transferring a controlling interest in real property, or trust document by the recorder or the registrar of titles either before or after recording as requested by the grantee. The Department may prescribe a form to which stamps must be affixed that a transferee must file for recordation at the time a declaration is presented if a transferring document is not presented for recordation within 3 business days after the transfer is effected. A person using or affixing a revenue stamp shall cancel it and so deface it as to render it unfit for reuse by marking it with his or her initials and the day, month and year when the affixing occurs. The marking shall be made by writing or stamping in indelible ink or by perforating with a machine or punch. However, the revenue stamp shall not be so defaced as to prevent ready determination of its denomination and genuineness.
(Source: P.A. 93-657, eff. 6-1-04; 93-1099, eff. 6-1-05.)

35 ILCS 200/31-25

    (35 ILCS 200/31-25)
    Sec. 31-25. Transfer declaration. At the time a deed, a document transferring a controlling interest in real property, or trust document is presented for recordation, or within 3 business days after the transfer is effected, whichever is earlier, there shall also be presented to the recorder or registrar of titles a declaration, signed by at least one of the sellers and also signed by at least one of the buyers in the transaction or by the attorneys or agents for the sellers or buyers. The declaration shall state information including, but not limited to: (a) the value of the real property or beneficial interest in real property located in Illinois so transferred; (b) the parcel identifying number of the property; (c) the legal description of the property; (d) the date of the deed, the date the transfer was effected, or the date of the trust document; (e) the type of deed, transfer, or trust document; (f) the address of the property; (g) the type of improvement, if any, on the property; (h) information as to whether the transfer is between related individuals or corporate affiliates or is a compulsory transaction; (i) the lot size or acreage; (j) the value of personal property sold with the real estate; (k) the year the contract was initiated if an installment sale; (l) any homestead exemptions, as provided in Sections 15-170, 15-172, 15-175, and 15-176 as reflected on the most recent annual tax bill; (m) the name, address, and telephone number of the person preparing the declaration; and (n) whether the transfer is pursuant to compulsory sale. Except as provided in Section 31-45, a deed, a document transferring a controlling interest in real property, or trust document shall not be accepted for recordation unless it is accompanied by a declaration containing all the information requested in the declaration. When the declaration is signed by an attorney or agent on behalf of sellers or buyers who have the power of direction to deal with the title to the real estate under a land trust agreement, the trustee being the mere repository of record legal title with a duty of conveying the real estate only when and if directed in writing by the beneficiary or beneficiaries having the power of direction, the attorneys or agents executing the declaration on behalf of the sellers or buyers need identify only the land trust that is the repository of record legal title and not the beneficiary or beneficiaries having the power of direction under the land trust agreement. The declaration form shall be prescribed by the Department and shall contain sales information questions. For sales occurring during a period in which the provisions of Section 17-10 require the Department to adjust sale prices for seller paid points and prevailing cost of cash, the declaration form shall contain questions regarding the financing of the sale. The subject of the financing questions shall include any direct seller participation in the financing of the sale or information on financing that is unconventional so as to affect the fair cash value received by the seller. The intent of the sales and financing questions is to aid in the reduction in the number of buyers required to provide financing information necessary for the adjustment outlined in Section 17-10. For sales occurring during a period in which the provisions of Section 17-10 require the Department to adjust sale prices for seller paid points and prevailing cost of cash, the declaration form shall include, at a minimum, the following data: (a) seller paid points, (b) the sales price, (c) type of financing (conventional, VA, FHA, seller-financed, or other), (d) down payment, (e) term, (f) interest rate, (g) type and description of interest rate (fixed, adjustable or renegotiable), and (h) an appropriate place for the inclusion of special facts or circumstances, if any. The Department shall provide an adequate supply of forms to each recorder and registrar of titles in the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-1083, eff. 7-16-10.)

35 ILCS 200/31-30

    (35 ILCS 200/31-30)
    Sec. 31-30. Use of transfer declaration. The recorder or registrar of titles shall not record the declaration, but shall insert on the declaration and all attachments the Document Number assigned to the deed or trust document, and shall within 30 days of receipt transmit the declaration to the chief county assessment officer. The chief county assessment officer shall insert on the declaration the most recent assessed value for each parcel of the transferred property and other information required by the Department, and, within 30 days of receipt or within 30 days of the adjournment of the board of review for the previous assessment year, whichever is later, shall transmit all the declarations to the Department. The chief county assessment officer may also copy and retain any information relating to the property transferred to assist in determining the proper assessed valuation of the property transferred and other properties in his county.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/31-35

    (35 ILCS 200/31-35)
    Sec. 31-35. Deposit of tax revenue.
    (a) Beginning on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly and through June 30, 2003, of the moneys collected under Section 31-15, 50% shall be deposited into the Illinois Affordable Housing Trust Fund, 20% into the Open Space Lands Acquisition and Development Fund, 5% into the Natural Areas Acquisition Fund, and 25% into the General Revenue Fund.
    (b) Beginning July 1, 2003, of the moneys collected under Section 31-15, 50% shall be deposited into the Illinois Affordable Housing Trust Fund, 35% into the Open Space Lands Acquisition and Development Fund, and 15% into the Natural Areas Acquisition Fund.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00; 92-536, eff. 6-6-02; 92-874, eff. 7-1-03.)

35 ILCS 200/31-40

    (35 ILCS 200/31-40)
    Sec. 31-40. Real estate in civil townships. If the real estate described in the deed is located in a civil township, the recorder or registrar of titles shall transmit a copy of the declaration to the township or multi-township assessor for that township. This Section does not apply to any county having an elected county assessor.
(Source: P.A. 83-358; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/31-45

    (35 ILCS 200/31-45)
    Sec. 31-45. Exemptions. The following deeds or trust documents shall be exempt from the provisions of this Article except as provided in this Section:
        (a) Deeds representing real estate transfers made
    
before January 1, 1968, but recorded after that date and trust documents executed before January 1, 1986, but recorded after that date.
        (b) Deeds to or trust documents relating to (1)
    
property acquired by any governmental body or from any governmental body, (2) property or interests transferred between governmental bodies, or (3) property acquired by or from any corporation, society, association, foundation or institution organized and operated exclusively for charitable, religious or educational purposes. However, deeds or trust documents, other than those in which the Administrator of Veterans Affairs of the United States is the grantee pursuant to a foreclosure proceeding, shall not be exempt from filing the declaration.
        (c) Deeds or trust documents that secure debt or
    
other obligation.
        (d) Deeds or trust documents that, without additional
    
consideration, confirm, correct, modify, or supplement a deed or trust document previously recorded.
        (e) Deeds or trust documents where the actual
    
consideration is less than $100.
        (f) Tax deeds.
        (g) Deeds or trust documents that release property
    
that is security for a debt or other obligation.
        (h) Deeds of partition.
        (i) Deeds or trust documents made pursuant to
    
mergers, consolidations or transfers or sales of substantially all of the assets of corporations under plans of reorganization under the Federal Internal Revenue Code or Title 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Act.
        (j) Deeds or trust documents made by a subsidiary
    
corporation to its parent corporation for no consideration other than the cancellation or surrender of the subsidiary's stock.
        (k) Deeds when there is an actual exchange of real
    
estate and trust documents when there is an actual exchange of beneficial interests, except that that money difference or money's worth paid from one to the other is not exempt from the tax. These deeds or trust documents, however, shall not be exempt from filing the declaration.
        (l) Deeds issued to a holder of a mortgage, as
    
defined in Section 15-103 of the Code of Civil Procedure, pursuant to a mortgage foreclosure proceeding or pursuant to a transfer in lieu of foreclosure.
        (m) A deed or trust document related to the purchase
    
of a principal residence by a participant in the program authorized by the Home Ownership Made Easy Act, except that those deeds and trust documents shall not be exempt from filing the declaration.
(Source: P.A. 100-201, eff. 8-18-17.)

35 ILCS 200/31-46

    (35 ILCS 200/31-46)
    Sec. 31-46. Exemption from tax equal to corporate franchise taxes paid. If a transfer of a controlling interest in a real estate entity is taxed under this Article and the real estate entity liable for the tax under this Article is also liable for corporate franchise taxes under the Business Corporation Act of 1983 as a result of the transfer, then the real estate entity is exempt from paying the tax imposed under this Article to the extent of the corporate franchise tax paid by the real estate entity as a result of the transfer. The exemption shall not reduce the real estate entity's tax liability under this Article to less than zero.
(Source: P.A. 93-657, eff. 6-1-04.)

35 ILCS 200/31-47

    (35 ILCS 200/31-47)
    Sec. 31-47. Verification. In all counties, each transfer declaration filed under this Law shall include a written statement by both the grantor or grantor's agent and the grantee or grantee's agent that the information contained in the declaration is true and correct to the best of his or her knowledge and belief. In counties of 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, the declaration shall also contain a written statement executed by the grantor or the grantor's agent verifying that, to the best of his or her knowledge, the name of the grantee shown on the deed or assignment of beneficial interest in a land trust is either a natural person, an Illinois corporation or foreign corporation authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate in Illinois, a partnership authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate in Illinois, or other entity recognized as a person and authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate under the laws of Illinois. In counties of 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, the declaration shall also contain a written statement executed by the grantee or the grantee's agent verifying that the name of the grantee shown on the deed or assignment of beneficial interest in a land trust is either a natural person, an Illinois corporation or foreign corporation authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate in Illinois, a partnership authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate in Illinois, or other entity recognized as a person and authorized to do business or acquire and hold title to real estate under the laws of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/31-50

    (35 ILCS 200/31-50)
    Sec. 31-50. Penalties. Any person who willfully falsifies the value of transferred real estate on the transfer declaration required by Section 31-25 or who willfully falsifies or willfully omits any other information required by Section 31-25 or who willfully and falsely claims a transaction to be exempt under Section 31-45 is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. Any person who knowingly submits a false statement concerning the identity of a grantee under the provisions of this Article is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor. A second or subsequent conviction of an offense is a Class A misdemeanor. A prosecution for any act in violation of this Article may be commenced at any time within 5 years of the commission of the act. Only the buyer or the buyer's representative shall attest to the accuracy of the financing information reported on the declaration and required by Section 31-25. Any person convicted of any offense under this Law is liable for the tax due in addition to any fines imposed by the court.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/31-55

    (35 ILCS 200/31-55)
    Sec. 31-55. Public records. Transfer declarations under this Article are public records and shall be made available for inspection, upon request, during regular business hours.
(Source: P.A. 87-543; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/31-60

    (35 ILCS 200/31-60)
    Sec. 31-60. Check for violations. The Department shall conduct spot checks or investigations of declarations required to be filed by this Article and may forward information of violations to the State's Attorney of the county where the violations occur for prosecution and collection of taxes.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/31-65

    (35 ILCS 200/31-65)
    Sec. 31-65. Additional tax. The tax imposed by Section 31-10 is in addition to all other occupation or privilege taxes imposed by the State of Illinois or by any municipal corporation or political subdivision.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1716; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/31-70

    (35 ILCS 200/31-70)
    Sec. 31-70. Rules. The Department may prescribe reasonable rules for the administration of this Article, including rules permitting a transfer declaration in a prescribed electronic form and permitting the electronic transmission of the transfer declaration using a prescribed method and format.
(Source: P.A. 91-555, eff. 1-1-00.)

35 ILCS 200/Art. 32

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 32 heading)
Article 32. Continuation of Prior Law - Statutes Repealed

35 ILCS 200/32-1

    (35 ILCS 200/32-1)
    Sec. 32-1. Prior law.
    (a) A provision of this Code that is the same as a prior law shall be construed as a continuation of the prior law and not as a new or different law.
    (b) A citation in another Act to an Act or to a Section of an Act that is continued in this Code shall be construed to be a citation to that continued provision in this Code.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/32-5

    (35 ILCS 200/32-5)
    Sec. 32-5. Other Acts of the 88th General Assembly. If any other Act of the 88th General Assembly changes, adds, or repeals a provision of prior law that is continued in this Code, than that change, addition, or repeal in the other Act shall be construed together with this Code.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/32-10

    (35 ILCS 200/32-10)
    Sec. 32-10. Home rule; mandates. Nothing in this Code as initially enacted (i) is a denial or limitation on home rule powers where no denial or limitation existed under prior law or (ii) creates a State mandate under the State Mandates Act where no mandate existed under prior law.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/32-15

    (35 ILCS 200/32-15)
    Sec. 32-15. Titles; articles; captions. The language contained in the Titles, Articles, Captions, and Section and subsection headings in this Code:
    (a) is intended only as a general description that is not a part of the substantive provisions of this Code;
    (b) does not take precedence over the content of the substantive provisions of this Code; and
    (c) shall not be used in construing the meaning of the substantive provisions of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/32-17

    (35 ILCS 200/32-17)
    Sec. 32-17. Severability. The provisions of this amendatory Act of 1995 are severable under Section 1.31 of the Statute on Statutes.
(Source: P.A. 89-126, eff. 7-11-95.)

35 ILCS 200/32-20

    (35 ILCS 200/32-20)
    Sec. 32-20. Statutes repealed. The following Acts are repealed:
    The Local Tax Reimbursement Act.
    The Special Assessment Apportionment Act.
    The Revenue Act of 1939.
    The Truth in Taxation Act.
    The Uncollectable Tax Act.
    The Real Property Improvement Assessment Act.
    The Real Estate Transfer Tax Act.
    The Special Service Area Tax Act.
    The Special Assessment Benefiting State Property Act.
    The Local Governmental Tax Collection Act.
    The Taxing District Reserve Fund Act.
    The Limitation on Collection of Personal Property Tax Act.
    The Property Tax Extension Limitation Act.
    The Fiscal Responsibility Report Card Act.
(Source: P.A. 88-455.)