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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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REVENUE
(35 ILCS 5/) Illinois Income Tax Act.

35 ILCS 5/Art. 2

 
    (35 ILCS 5/Art. 2 heading)
ARTICLE 2. TAX IMPOSED

35 ILCS 5/201

    (35 ILCS 5/201) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-201)
    Sec. 201. Tax Imposed.
    (a) In general. A tax measured by net income is hereby imposed on every individual, corporation, trust and estate for each taxable year ending after July 31, 1969 on the privilege of earning or receiving income in or as a resident of this State. Such tax shall be in addition to all other occupation or privilege taxes imposed by this State or by any municipal corporation or political subdivision thereof.
    (b) Rates. The tax imposed by subsection (a) of this Section shall be determined as follows, except as adjusted by subsection (d-1):
        (1) In the case of an individual, trust or estate,
    
for taxable years ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal to 2 1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (2) In the case of an individual, trust or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30, 1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 2 1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3.
        (3) In the case of an individual, trust or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending prior to January 1, 2011, an amount equal to 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and ending after December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (5) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and ending prior to January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (5.1) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and ending after December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (5.2) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and ending prior to January 1, 2025, an amount equal to 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (5.3) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2025, and ending after December 31, 2024, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2025, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 3.25% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2024, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (5.4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2025, an amount equal to 3.25% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (6) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal to 4% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (7) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30, 1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii) 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3.
        (8) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending prior to January 1, 2011, an amount equal to 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (9) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and ending after December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 7% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (10) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and ending prior to January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 7% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (11) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and ending after December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 7% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 5.25% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (12) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and ending prior to January 1, 2025, an amount equal to 5.25% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
        (13) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning prior to January 1, 2025, and ending after December 31, 2024, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 5.25% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January 1, 2025, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December 31, 2024, as calculated under Section 202.5.
        (14) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
    
beginning on or after January 1, 2025, an amount equal to 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
    The rates under this subsection (b) are subject to the provisions of Section 201.5.
    (c) Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax. Beginning on July 1, 1979 and thereafter, in addition to such income tax, there is also hereby imposed the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax measured by net income on every corporation (including Subchapter S corporations), partnership and trust, for each taxable year ending after June 30, 1979. Such taxes are imposed on the privilege of earning or receiving income in or as a resident of this State. The Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax shall be in addition to the income tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section and in addition to all other occupation or privilege taxes imposed by this State or by any municipal corporation or political subdivision thereof.
    (d) Additional Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax Rates. The personal property tax replacement income tax imposed by this subsection and subsection (c) of this Section in the case of a corporation, other than a Subchapter S corporation and except as adjusted by subsection (d-1), shall be an additional amount equal to 2.85% of such taxpayer's net income for the taxable year, except that beginning on January 1, 1981, and thereafter, the rate of 2.85% specified in this subsection shall be reduced to 2.5%, and in the case of a partnership, trust or a Subchapter S corporation shall be an additional amount equal to 1.5% of such taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
    (d-1) Rate reduction for certain foreign insurers. In the case of a foreign insurer, as defined by Section 35A-5 of the Illinois Insurance Code, whose state or country of domicile imposes on insurers domiciled in Illinois a retaliatory tax (excluding any insurer whose premiums from reinsurance assumed are 50% or more of its total insurance premiums as determined under paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 304, except that for purposes of this determination premiums from reinsurance do not include premiums from inter-affiliate reinsurance arrangements), beginning with taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1999, the sum of the rates of tax imposed by subsections (b) and (d) shall be reduced (but not increased) to the rate at which the total amount of tax imposed under this Act, net of all credits allowed under this Act, shall equal (i) the total amount of tax that would be imposed on the foreign insurer's net income allocable to Illinois for the taxable year by such foreign insurer's state or country of domicile if that net income were subject to all income taxes and taxes measured by net income imposed by such foreign insurer's state or country of domicile, net of all credits allowed or (ii) a rate of zero if no such tax is imposed on such income by the foreign insurer's state of domicile. For the purposes of this subsection (d-1), an inter-affiliate includes a mutual insurer under common management.
        (1) For the purposes of subsection (d-1), in no event
    
shall the sum of the rates of tax imposed by subsections (b) and (d) be reduced below the rate at which the sum of:
            (A) the total amount of tax imposed on such
        
foreign insurer under this Act for a taxable year, net of all credits allowed under this Act, plus
            (B) the privilege tax imposed by Section 409 of
        
the Illinois Insurance Code, the fire insurance company tax imposed by Section 12 of the Fire Investigation Act, and the fire department taxes imposed under Section 11-10-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code,
    equals 1.25% for taxable years ending prior to December
    
31, 2003, or 1.75% for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2003, of the net taxable premiums written for the taxable year, as described by subsection (1) of Section 409 of the Illinois Insurance Code. This paragraph will in no event increase the rates imposed under subsections (b) and (d).
        (2) Any reduction in the rates of tax imposed by this
    
subsection shall be applied first against the rates imposed by subsection (b) and only after the tax imposed by subsection (a) net of all credits allowed under this Section other than the credit allowed under subsection (i) has been reduced to zero, against the rates imposed by subsection (d).
    This subsection (d-1) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
    (e) Investment credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax for investment in qualified property.
        (1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit equal to .5%
    
of the basis of qualified property placed in service during the taxable year, provided such property is placed in service on or after July 1, 1984. There shall be allowed an additional credit equal to .5% of the basis of qualified property placed in service during the taxable year, provided such property is placed in service on or after July 1, 1986, and the taxpayer's base employment within Illinois has increased by 1% or more over the preceding year as determined by the taxpayer's employment records filed with the Illinois Department of Employment Security. Taxpayers who are new to Illinois shall be deemed to have met the 1% growth in base employment for the first year in which they file employment records with the Illinois Department of Employment Security. The provisions added to this Section by Public Act 85-1200 (and restored by Public Act 87-895) shall be construed as declaratory of existing law and not as a new enactment. If, in any year, the increase in base employment within Illinois over the preceding year is less than 1%, the additional credit shall be limited to that percentage times a fraction, the numerator of which is .5% and the denominator of which is 1%, but shall not exceed .5%. The investment credit shall not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability in any tax year below zero, nor may any credit for qualified property be allowed for any year other than the year in which the property was placed in service in Illinois. For tax years ending on or after December 31, 1987, and on or before December 31, 1988, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit years if the taxpayer (i) makes investments which cause the creation of a minimum of 2,000 full-time equivalent jobs in Illinois, (ii) is located in an enterprise zone established pursuant to the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act and (iii) is certified by the Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity) as complying with the requirements specified in clause (i) and (ii) by July 1, 1986. The Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity) shall notify the Department of Revenue of all such certifications immediately. For tax years ending after December 31, 1988, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit years. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, earlier credit shall be applied first.
        (2) The term "qualified property" means property
    
which:
            (A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
        
buildings and structural components of buildings and signs that are real property, but not including land or improvements to real property that are not a structural component of a building such as landscaping, sewer lines, local access roads, fencing, parking lots, and other appurtenances;
            (B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
        
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property" as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not eligible for the credit provided by this subsection (e);
            (C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
        
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (D) is used in Illinois by a taxpayer who is
        
primarily engaged in manufacturing, or in mining coal or fluorite, or in retailing, or was placed in service on or after July 1, 2006 in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone established pursuant to the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act; and
            (E) has not previously been used in Illinois in
        
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for the credit provided by this subsection (e) or subsection (f).
        (3) For purposes of this subsection (e),
    
"manufacturing" means the material staging and production of tangible personal property by procedures commonly regarded as manufacturing, processing, fabrication, or assembling which changes some existing material into new shapes, new qualities, or new combinations. For purposes of this subsection (e) the term "mining" shall have the same meaning as the term "mining" in Section 613(c) of the Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of this subsection (e), the term "retailing" means the sale of tangible personal property for use or consumption and not for resale, or services rendered in conjunction with the sale of tangible personal property for use or consumption and not for resale. For purposes of this subsection (e), "tangible personal property" has the same meaning as when that term is used in the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act, and, for taxable years ending after December 31, 2008, does not include the generation, transmission, or distribution of electricity.
        (4) The basis of qualified property shall be the
    
basis used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes.
        (5) If the basis of the property for federal income
    
tax depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed in service in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of such increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the date of such increase in basis.
        (6) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
    
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
        (7) If during any taxable year, any property ceases
    
to be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within 48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of any qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48 months after being placed in service, the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax for such taxable year shall be increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i) recomputing the investment credit which would have been allowed for the year in which credit for such property was originally allowed by eliminating such property from such computation and, (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the purposes of this paragraph (7), a reduction of the basis of qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified property to the extent of such reduction.
        (8) Unless the investment credit is extended by law,
    
the basis of qualified property shall not include costs incurred after December 31, 2018, except for costs incurred pursuant to a binding contract entered into on or before December 31, 2018.
        (9) Each taxable year ending before December 31,
    
2000, a partnership may elect to pass through to its partners the credits to which the partnership is entitled under this subsection (e) for the taxable year. A partner may use the credit allocated to him or her under this paragraph only against the tax imposed in subsections (c) and (d) of this Section. If the partnership makes that election, those credits shall be allocated among the partners in the partnership in accordance with the rules set forth in Section 704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the rules promulgated under that Section, and the allocated amount of the credits shall be allowed to the partners for that taxable year. The partnership shall make this election on its Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax return for that taxable year. The election to pass through the credits shall be irrevocable.
        For taxable years ending on or after December 31,
    
2000, a partner that qualifies its partnership for a subtraction under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (2) of subsection (d) of Section 203 or a shareholder that qualifies a Subchapter S corporation for a subtraction under subparagraph (S) of paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 203 shall be allowed a credit under this subsection (e) equal to its share of the credit earned under this subsection (e) during the taxable year by the partnership or Subchapter S corporation, determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
    (f) Investment credit; Enterprise Zone; River Edge Redevelopment Zone.
        (1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the
    
tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for investment in qualified property which is placed in service in an Enterprise Zone created pursuant to the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act or, for property placed in service on or after July 1, 2006, a River Edge Redevelopment Zone established pursuant to the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this subsection (f) to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. The credit shall be .5% of the basis for such property. The credit shall be available only in the taxable year in which the property is placed in service in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge Redevelopment Zone and shall not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section to below zero. For tax years ending on or after December 31, 1985, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, the credit accruing first in time shall be applied first.
        (2) The term qualified property means property which:
            (A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
        
buildings and structural components of buildings;
            (B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
        
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property" as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not eligible for the credit provided by this subsection (f);
            (C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
        
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (D) is used in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge
        
Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer; and
            (E) has not been previously used in Illinois in
        
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for the credit provided by this subsection (f) or subsection (e).
        (3) The basis of qualified property shall be the
    
basis used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes.
        (4) If the basis of the property for federal income
    
tax depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed in service in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer, the amount of such increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the date of such increase in basis.
        (5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
    
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
        (6) If during any taxable year, any property ceases
    
to be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within 48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of any qualified property is moved outside the Enterprise Zone or River Edge Redevelopment Zone within 48 months after being placed in service, the tax imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable year shall be increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i) recomputing the investment credit which would have been allowed for the year in which credit for such property was originally allowed by eliminating such property from such computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the basis of qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified property to the extent of such reduction.
        (7) There shall be allowed an additional credit equal
    
to 0.5% of the basis of qualified property placed in service during the taxable year in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone, provided such property is placed in service on or after July 1, 2006, and the taxpayer's base employment within Illinois has increased by 1% or more over the preceding year as determined by the taxpayer's employment records filed with the Illinois Department of Employment Security. Taxpayers who are new to Illinois shall be deemed to have met the 1% growth in base employment for the first year in which they file employment records with the Illinois Department of Employment Security. If, in any year, the increase in base employment within Illinois over the preceding year is less than 1%, the additional credit shall be limited to that percentage times a fraction, the numerator of which is 0.5% and the denominator of which is 1%, but shall not exceed 0.5%.
    (g) (Blank).
    (h) Investment credit; High Impact Business.
        (1) Subject to subsections (b) and (b-5) of Section
    
5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for investment in qualified property which is placed in service by a Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity designated High Impact Business. The credit shall be .5% of the basis for such property. The credit shall not be available (i) until the minimum investments in qualified property set forth in subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act have been satisfied or (ii) until the time authorized in subsection (b-5) of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act for entities designated as High Impact Businesses under subdivisions (a)(3)(B), (a)(3)(C), and (a)(3)(D) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act, and shall not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section to below zero. The credit applicable to such investments shall be taken in the taxable year in which such investments have been completed. The credit for additional investments beyond the minimum investment by a designated high impact business authorized under subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act shall be available only in the taxable year in which the property is placed in service and shall not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section to below zero. For tax years ending on or after December 31, 1987, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, the credit accruing first in time shall be applied first.
        Changes made in this subdivision (h)(1) by Public Act
    
88-670 restore changes made by Public Act 85-1182 and reflect existing law.
        (2) The term qualified property means property which:
            (A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
        
buildings and structural components of buildings;
            (B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
        
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property" as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not eligible for the credit provided by this subsection (h);
            (C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
        
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
            (D) is not eligible for the Enterprise Zone
        
Investment Credit provided by subsection (f) of this Section.
        (3) The basis of qualified property shall be the
    
basis used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes.
        (4) If the basis of the property for federal income
    
tax depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed in service in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone located in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of such increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the date of such increase in basis.
        (5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
    
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
        (6) If during any taxable year ending on or before
    
December 31, 1996, any property ceases to be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within 48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of any qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48 months after being placed in service, the tax imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable year shall be increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i) recomputing the investment credit which would have been allowed for the year in which credit for such property was originally allowed by eliminating such property from such computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the basis of qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified property to the extent of such reduction.
        (7) Beginning with tax years ending after December
    
31, 1996, if a taxpayer qualifies for the credit under this subsection (h) and thereby is granted a tax abatement and the taxpayer relocates its entire facility in violation of the explicit terms and length of the contract under Section 18-183 of the Property Tax Code, the tax imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of this Section shall be increased for the taxable year in which the taxpayer relocated its facility by an amount equal to the amount of credit received by the taxpayer under this subsection (h).
    (i) Credit for Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax. For tax years ending prior to December 31, 2003, a credit shall be allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this Section. This credit shall be computed by multiplying the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this Section by a fraction, the numerator of which is base income allocable to Illinois and the denominator of which is Illinois base income, and further multiplying the product by the tax rate imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
    Any credit earned on or after December 31, 1986 under this subsection which is unused in the year the credit is computed because it exceeds the tax liability imposed by subsections (a) and (b) for that year (whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended) may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year, provided that no credit may be carried forward to any year ending on or after December 31, 2003. This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability the earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first.
    If, during any taxable year ending on or after December 31, 1986, the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this Section for which a taxpayer has claimed a credit under this subsection (i) is reduced, the amount of credit for such tax shall also be reduced. Such reduction shall be determined by recomputing the credit to take into account the reduced tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d). If any portion of the reduced amount of credit has been carried to a different taxable year, an amended return shall be filed for such taxable year to reduce the amount of credit claimed.
    (j) Training expense credit. Beginning with tax years ending on or after December 31, 1986 and prior to December 31, 2003, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) under this Section for all amounts paid or accrued, on behalf of all persons employed by the taxpayer in Illinois or Illinois residents employed outside of Illinois by a taxpayer, for educational or vocational training in semi-technical or technical fields or semi-skilled or skilled fields, which were deducted from gross income in the computation of taxable income. The credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be 1.6% of such training expenses. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this subsection (j) to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    Any credit allowed under this subsection which is unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year for which the credit is first computed until it is used. This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability the earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first. No carryforward credit may be claimed in any tax year ending on or after December 31, 2003.
    (k) Research and development credit. For tax years ending after July 1, 1990 and prior to December 31, 2003, and beginning again for tax years ending on or after December 31, 2004, and ending prior to January 1, 2016, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for increasing research activities in this State. The credit allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 6 1/2% of the qualifying expenditures for increasing research activities in this State. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this subsection to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    For purposes of this subsection, "qualifying expenditures" means the qualifying expenditures as defined for the federal credit for increasing research activities which would be allowable under Section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code and which are conducted in this State, "qualifying expenditures for increasing research activities in this State" means the excess of qualifying expenditures for the taxable year in which incurred over qualifying expenditures for the base period, "qualifying expenditures for the base period" means the average of the qualifying expenditures for each year in the base period, and "base period" means the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year for which the determination is being made.
    Any credit in excess of the tax liability for the taxable year may be carried forward. A taxpayer may elect to have the unused credit shown on its final completed return carried over as a credit against the tax liability for the following 5 taxable years or until it has been fully used, whichever occurs first; provided that no credit earned in a tax year ending prior to December 31, 2003 may be carried forward to any year ending on or after December 31, 2003.
    If an unused credit is carried forward to a given year from 2 or more earlier years, that credit arising in the earliest year will be applied first against the tax liability for the given year. If a tax liability for the given year still remains, the credit from the next earliest year will then be applied, and so on, until all credits have been used or no tax liability for the given year remains. Any remaining unused credit or credits then will be carried forward to the next following year in which a tax liability is incurred, except that no credit can be carried forward to a year which is more than 5 years after the year in which the expense for which the credit is given was incurred.
    No inference shall be drawn from this amendatory Act of the 91st General Assembly in construing this Section for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1999.
    (l) Environmental Remediation Tax Credit.
        (i) For tax years ending after December 31, 1997 and
    
on or before December 31, 2001, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for certain amounts paid for unreimbursed eligible remediation costs, as specified in this subsection. For purposes of this Section, "unreimbursed eligible remediation costs" means costs approved by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency ("Agency") under Section 58.14 of the Environmental Protection Act that were paid in performing environmental remediation at a site for which a No Further Remediation Letter was issued by the Agency and recorded under Section 58.10 of the Environmental Protection Act. The credit must be claimed for the taxable year in which Agency approval of the eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is not available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any related party caused or contributed to, in any material respect, a release of regulated substances on, in, or under the site that was identified and addressed by the remedial action pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the Environmental Protection Act. After the Pollution Control Board rules are adopted pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act for the administration and enforcement of Section 58.9 of the Environmental Protection Act, determinations as to credit availability for purposes of this Section shall be made consistent with those rules. For purposes of this Section, "taxpayer" includes a person whose tax attributes the taxpayer has succeeded to under Section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code and "related party" includes the persons disallowed a deduction for losses by paragraphs (b), (c), and (f)(1) of Section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code by virtue of being a related taxpayer, as well as any of its partners. The credit allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of $100,000 per site, except that the $100,000 threshold shall not apply to any site contained in an enterprise zone as determined by the Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity). The total credit allowed shall not exceed $40,000 per year with a maximum total of $150,000 per site. For partners and shareholders of subchapter S corporations, there shall be allowed a credit under this subsection to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
        (ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
    
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year for which the credit is first earned until it is used. The term "unused credit" does not include any amounts of unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of the maximum credit per site authorized under paragraph (i). This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of all or part of the remediation site for which the credit was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the chain of title for the site and provide written notice to the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
        (iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
    
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
    (m) Education expense credit. Beginning with tax years ending after December 31, 1999, a taxpayer who is the custodian of one or more qualifying pupils shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for qualified education expenses incurred on behalf of the qualifying pupils. The credit shall be equal to 25% of qualified education expenses, but in no event may the total credit under this subsection claimed by a family that is the custodian of qualifying pupils exceed $500. In no event shall a credit under this subsection reduce the taxpayer's liability under this Act to less than zero. This subsection is exempt from the provisions of Section 250 of this Act.
    For purposes of this subsection:
    "Qualifying pupils" means individuals who (i) are residents of the State of Illinois, (ii) are under the age of 21 at the close of the school year for which a credit is sought, and (iii) during the school year for which a credit is sought were full-time pupils enrolled in a kindergarten through twelfth grade education program at any school, as defined in this subsection.
    "Qualified education expense" means the amount incurred on behalf of a qualifying pupil in excess of $250 for tuition, book fees, and lab fees at the school in which the pupil is enrolled during the regular school year.
    "School" means any public or nonpublic elementary or secondary school in Illinois that is in compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and attendance at which satisfies the requirements of Section 26-1 of the School Code, except that nothing shall be construed to require a child to attend any particular public or nonpublic school to qualify for the credit under this Section.
    "Custodian" means, with respect to qualifying pupils, an Illinois resident who is a parent, the parents, a legal guardian, or the legal guardians of the qualifying pupils.
    (n) River Edge Redevelopment Zone site remediation tax credit.
        (i) For tax years ending on or after December 31,
    
2006, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for certain amounts paid for unreimbursed eligible remediation costs, as specified in this subsection. For purposes of this Section, "unreimbursed eligible remediation costs" means costs approved by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency ("Agency") under Section 58.14a of the Environmental Protection Act that were paid in performing environmental remediation at a site within a River Edge Redevelopment Zone for which a No Further Remediation Letter was issued by the Agency and recorded under Section 58.10 of the Environmental Protection Act. The credit must be claimed for the taxable year in which Agency approval of the eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is not available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any related party caused or contributed to, in any material respect, a release of regulated substances on, in, or under the site that was identified and addressed by the remedial action pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the Environmental Protection Act. Determinations as to credit availability for purposes of this Section shall be made consistent with rules adopted by the Pollution Control Board pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act for the administration and enforcement of Section 58.9 of the Environmental Protection Act. For purposes of this Section, "taxpayer" includes a person whose tax attributes the taxpayer has succeeded to under Section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code and "related party" includes the persons disallowed a deduction for losses by paragraphs (b), (c), and (f)(1) of Section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code by virtue of being a related taxpayer, as well as any of its partners. The credit allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of $100,000 per site.
        (ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
    
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year for which the credit is first earned until it is used. This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of all or part of the remediation site for which the credit was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the chain of title for the site and provide written notice to the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
        (iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
    
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
    (o) For each of taxable years during the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program, a surcharge is imposed on all taxpayers on income arising from the sale or exchange of capital assets, depreciable business property, real property used in the trade or business, and Section 197 intangibles of an organization registrant under the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act. The amount of the surcharge is equal to the amount of federal income tax liability for the taxable year attributable to those sales and exchanges. The surcharge imposed does not apply if:
        (1) the medical cannabis cultivation center
    
registration, medical cannabis dispensary registration, or the property of a registration is transferred as a result of any of the following:
            (A) bankruptcy, a receivership, or a debt
        
adjustment initiated by or against the initial registration or the substantial owners of the initial registration;
            (B) cancellation, revocation, or termination of
        
any registration by the Illinois Department of Public Health;
            (C) a determination by the Illinois Department of
        
Public Health that transfer of the registration is in the best interests of Illinois qualifying patients as defined by the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act;
            (D) the death of an owner of the equity interest
        
in a registrant;
            (E) the acquisition of a controlling interest in
        
the stock or substantially all of the assets of a publicly traded company;
            (F) a transfer by a parent company to a wholly
        
owned subsidiary; or
            (G) the transfer or sale to or by one person to
        
another person where both persons were initial owners of the registration when the registration was issued; or
        (2) the cannabis cultivation center registration,
    
medical cannabis dispensary registration, or the controlling interest in a registrant's property is transferred in a transaction to lineal descendants in which no gain or loss is recognized or as a result of a transaction in accordance with Section 351 of the Internal Revenue Code in which no gain or loss is recognized.
(Source: P.A. 97-2, eff. 5-6-11; 97-636, eff. 6-1-12; 97-905, eff. 8-7-12; 98-109, eff. 7-25-13; 98-122, eff. 1-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14.)

35 ILCS 5/201.5

    (35 ILCS 5/201.5)
    Sec. 201.5. State spending limitation and tax reduction.
    (a) If, beginning in State fiscal year 2012 and continuing through State fiscal year 2015, State spending for any fiscal year exceeds the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b) of this Section, then the tax rates set forth in subsection (b) of Section 201 of this Act shall be reduced, according to the procedures set forth in this Section, to 3% of the taxpayer's net income for individuals, trusts, and estates and to 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for corporations. For all taxable years following the taxable year in which the rate has been reduced pursuant to this Section, the tax rate set forth in subsection (b) of Section 201 of this Act shall be 3% of the taxpayer's net income for individuals, trusts, and estates and 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for corporations.
    (b) The State spending limitation for fiscal years 2012 through 2015 shall be as follows: (i) for fiscal year 2012, $36,818,000,000; (ii) for fiscal year 2013, $37,554,000,000; (iii) for fiscal year 2014, $38,305,000,000; and (iv) for fiscal year 2015, $39,072,000,000.
    (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the Auditor General shall examine each Public Act authorizing State spending from State general funds and prepare a report no later than 30 days after receiving notification of the Public Act from the Secretary of State or 60 days after the effective date of the Public Act, whichever is earlier. The Auditor General shall file the report with the Secretary of State and copies with the Governor, the State Treasurer, the State Comptroller, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. The report shall indicate: (i) the amount of State spending set forth in the applicable Public Act; (ii) the total amount of State spending authorized by law for the applicable fiscal year as of the date of the report; and (iii) whether State spending exceeds the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b). The Auditor General may examine multiple Public Acts in one consolidated report, provided that each Public Act is examined within the time period mandated by this subsection (c). The Auditor General shall issue reports in accordance with this Section through June 30, 2015 or the effective date of a reduction in the rate of tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act pursuant to this Section, whichever is earlier.
    At the request of the Auditor General, each State agency shall, without delay, make available to the Auditor General or his or her designated representative any record or information requested and shall provide for examination or copying all records, accounts, papers, reports, vouchers, correspondence, books and other documentation in the custody of that agency, including information stored in electronic data processing systems, which is related to or within the scope of a report prepared under this Section. The Auditor General shall report to the Governor each instance in which a State agency fails to cooperate promptly and fully with his or her office as required by this Section.
    The Auditor General's report shall not be in the nature of a post-audit or examination and shall not lead to the issuance of an opinion as that term is defined in generally accepted government auditing standards.
    (d) If the Auditor General reports that State spending has exceeded the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b) and if the Governor has not been presented with a bill or bills passed by the General Assembly to reduce State spending to a level that does not exceed the State spending limitation within 45 calendar days of receipt of the Auditor General's report, then the Governor may, for the purpose of reducing State spending to a level that does not exceed the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b), designate amounts to be set aside as a reserve from the amounts appropriated from the State general funds for all boards, commissions, agencies, institutions, authorities, colleges, universities, and bodies politic and corporate of the State, but not other constitutional officers, the legislative or judicial branch, the office of the Executive Inspector General, or the Executive Ethics Commission. Such a designation must be made within 15 calendar days after the end of that 45-day period. If the Governor designates amounts to be set aside as a reserve, the Governor shall give notice of the designation to the Auditor General, the State Treasurer, the State Comptroller, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. The amounts placed in reserves shall not be transferred, obligated, encumbered, expended, or otherwise committed unless so authorized by law. Any amount placed in reserves is not State spending and shall not be considered when calculating the total amount of State spending. Any Public Act authorizing the use of amounts placed in reserve by the Governor is considered State spending, unless such Public Act authorizes the use of amounts placed in reserves in response to a fiscal emergency under subsection (g).
    (e) If the Auditor General reports under subsection (c) that State spending has exceeded the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b), then the Auditor General shall issue a supplemental report no sooner than the 61st day and no later than the 65th day after issuing the report pursuant to subsection (c). The supplemental report shall: (i) summarize details of actions taken by the General Assembly and the Governor after the issuance of the initial report to reduce State spending, if any, (ii) indicate whether the level of State spending has changed since the initial report, and (iii) indicate whether State spending exceeds the State spending limitation. The Auditor General shall file the report with the Secretary of State and copies with the Governor, the State Treasurer, the State Comptroller, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. If the supplemental report of the Auditor General provides that State spending exceeds the State spending limitation, then the rate of tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 is reduced as provided in this Section beginning on the first day of the first month to occur not less than 30 days after issuance of the supplemental report.
    (f) For any taxable year in which the rates of tax have been reduced under this Section, the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 shall be determined as follows:
        (1) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
    
the tax shall be imposed in an amount equal to the sum of (i) the rate applicable to the taxpayer under subsection (b) of Section 201 (without regard to the provisions of this Section) times the taxpayer's net income for any portion of the taxable year prior to the effective date of the reduction and (ii) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for any portion of the taxable year on or after the effective date of the reduction.
        (2) In the case of a corporation, the tax shall be
    
imposed in an amount equal to the sum of (i) the rate applicable to the taxpayer under subsection (b) of Section 201 (without regard to the provisions of this Section) times the taxpayer's net income for any portion of the taxable year prior to the effective date of the reduction and (ii) 4.8% of the taxpayer's net income for any portion of the taxable year on or after the effective date of the reduction.
        (3) For any taxpayer for whom the rate has been
    
reduced under this Section for a portion of a taxable year, the taxpayer shall determine the net income for each portion of the taxable year following the rules set forth in Section 202.5 of this Act, using the effective date of the rate reduction rather than the January 1 dates found in that Section, and the day before the effective date of the rate reduction rather than the December 31 dates found in that Section.
        (4) If the rate applicable to the taxpayer under
    
subsection (b) of Section 201 (without regard to the provisions of this Section) changes during a portion of the taxable year to which that rate is applied under paragraphs (1) or (2) of this subsection (f), the tax for that portion of the taxable year for purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) of this subsection (f) shall be determined as if that portion of the taxable year were a separate taxable year, following the rules set forth in Section 202.5 of this Act. If the taxpayer elects to follow the rules set forth in subsection (b) of Section 202.5, the taxpayer shall follow the rules set forth in subsection (b) of Section 202.5 for all purposes of this Section for that taxable year.
    (g) Notwithstanding the State spending limitation set forth in subsection (b) of this Section, the Governor may declare a fiscal emergency by filing a declaration with the Secretary of State and copies with the State Treasurer, the State Comptroller, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. The declaration must be limited to only one State fiscal year, set forth compelling reasons for declaring a fiscal emergency, and request a specific dollar amount. Unless, within 10 calendar days of receipt of the Governor's declaration, the State Comptroller or State Treasurer notifies the Senate and the House of Representatives that he or she does not concur in the Governor's declaration, State spending authorized by law to address the fiscal emergency in an amount no greater than the dollar amount specified in the declaration shall not be considered "State spending" for purposes of the State spending limitation.
    (h) As used in this Section:
    "State general funds" means the General Revenue Fund, the Common School Fund, the General Revenue Common School Special Account Fund, the Education Assistance Fund, and the Budget Stabilization Fund.
    "State spending" means (i) the total amount authorized for spending by appropriation or statutory transfer from the State general funds in the applicable fiscal year, and (ii) any amounts the Governor places in reserves in accordance with subsection (d) that are subsequently released from reserves following authorization by a Public Act. For the purpose of this definition, "appropriation" means authority to spend money from a State general fund for a specific amount, purpose, and time period, including any supplemental appropriation or continuing appropriation, but does not include reappropriations from a previous fiscal year. For the purpose of this definition, "statutory transfer" means authority to transfer funds from one State general fund to any other fund in the State treasury, but does not include transfers made from one State general fund to another State general fund.
    "State spending limitation" means the amount described in subsection (b) of this Section for the applicable fiscal year.
(Source: P.A. 96-1496, eff. 1-13-11; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

35 ILCS 5/202

    (35 ILCS 5/202) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-202)
    Sec. 202. Net Income Defined. In general. For purposes of this Act, a taxpayer's net income for a taxable year shall be that portion of his base income for such year which is allocable to this State under the provisions of Article 3, less the standard exemption allowed by Section 204 and the deduction allowed by Section 207.
(Source: P.A. 92-846, eff. 8-23-02.)

35 ILCS 5/202.3

    (35 ILCS 5/202.3) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-202.3)
    Sec. 202.3. Net income attributable to the period prior to July 1, 1989 and net income attributable to the period after June 30, 1989. (a) In general. With respect to the taxable year of a taxpayer beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30, 1989, net income for the period after June 30, 1989 shall be that amount which bears the same ratio to the taxpayer's net income for the entire taxable year as the number of days in such year after June 30, 1989 bears to the total number of days in such year, and the net income for the period prior to July 1, 1989 shall be that amount which bears the same ratio to the taxpayer's net income for the entire taxable year as the number of days in such year prior to July 1, 1989 bears to the total number of days in such year.
    (b) Election to attribute income and deduction items specifically to the respective portions of a taxable year prior to July 1, 1989 and after June 30, 1989. In the case of a taxpayer with a taxable year beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30, 1989, the taxpayer may elect, in lieu of the procedure established in subsection (a) of this Section, to determine net income on a specific accounting basis for the 2 portions of his taxable year:
    (i) from the beginning of the taxable year through June 30, 1989, and
    (ii) from July 1, 1989 through the end of the taxable year.
    If the taxpayer elects specific accounting under this subsection, there shall be taken into account in computing base income for each of the 2 portions of the taxable year only those items earned, received, paid, incurred or accrued in each such period. The standard exemption provided by Section 204 shall be divided between the respective periods in amounts which bear the same ratio to the total exemption allowable under Section 204 (determined without regard to this Section) as the total number of days in each such period bears to the total number of days in the taxable year. The election provided by this subsection shall be made in such manner and at such time as the Department may by forms or regulations prescribe, but shall be made not later than the due date (including any extensions thereof) for the filing of the return for the taxable year, and shall be irrevocable.
(Source: P.A. 86-18.)

35 ILCS 5/202.4

    (35 ILCS 5/202.4)
    Sec. 202.4. (Repealed).
(Source: Repealed by P.A. 88-89.)

35 ILCS 5/202.5

    (35 ILCS 5/202.5)
    Sec. 202.5. Net income attributable to the period beginning prior to January 1 of any year and ending after December 31 of the preceding year.
    (a) In general. With respect to the taxable year of a taxpayer beginning prior to January 1 of any year and ending after December 31 of the preceding year, net income for the period after December 31 of the preceding year, is that amount that bears the same ratio to the taxpayer's net income for the entire taxable year as the number of days in that taxable year after December 31 bears to the total number of days in that taxable year, and the net income for the period prior to January 1 is that amount that bears the same ratio to the taxpayer's net income for the entire taxable year as the number of days in that taxable year prior to January 1 bears to the total number of days in that taxable year.
    (b) Election to attribute income and deduction items specifically to the respective portions of a taxable year prior to January 1 of any year and after December 31 of the preceding year. In the case of a taxpayer with a taxable year beginning prior to January 1 of any year and ending after December 31 of the preceding year, the taxpayer may elect, instead of the procedure established in subsection (a) of this Section, to determine net income on a specific accounting basis for the 2 portions of the taxable year:
        (1) from the beginning of the taxable year through
    
December 31; and
        (2) from January 1 through the end of the taxable
    
year.
    The election provided by this subsection must be made in form and manner that the Department requires by rule, and must be made no later than the due date (including any extensions thereof) for the filing of the return for the taxable year, and is irrevocable.
    (c) If the taxpayer elects specific accounting under subsection (b):
        (1) there shall be taken into account in computing
    
base income for each of the 2 portions of the taxable year only those items earned, received, paid, incurred or accrued in each such period;
        (2) for purposes of apportioning business income of
    
the taxpayer, the provisions in Article 3 shall be applied on the basis of the taxpayer's full taxable year, without regard to this Section;
        (3) the net loss carryforward deduction for the
    
taxable year under Section 207 may not exceed combined net income of both portions of the taxable year, and shall be used against the net income of the portion of the taxable year from the beginning of the taxable year through December 31 before any remaining amount is used against the net income of the latter portion of the taxable year.
(Source: P.A. 96-1496, eff. 1-13-11.)

35 ILCS 5/203

    (35 ILCS 5/203) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-203)
    Sec. 203. Base income defined.
    (a) Individuals.
        (1) In general. In the case of an individual, base
    
income means an amount equal to the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for the taxable year as modified by paragraph (2).
        (2) Modifications. The adjusted gross income
    
referred to in paragraph (1) shall be modified by adding thereto the sum of the following amounts:
            (A) An amount equal to all amounts paid or
        
accrued to the taxpayer as interest or dividends during the taxable year to the extent excluded from gross income in the computation of adjusted gross income, except stock dividends of qualified public utilities described in Section 305(e) of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (B) An amount equal to the amount of tax imposed
        
by this Act to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of adjusted gross income for the taxable year;
            (C) An amount equal to the amount received during
        
the taxable year as a recovery or refund of real property taxes paid with respect to the taxpayer's principal residence under the Revenue Act of 1939 and for which a deduction was previously taken under subparagraph (L) of this paragraph (2) prior to July 1, 1991, the retrospective application date of Article 4 of Public Act 87-17. In the case of multi-unit or multi-use structures and farm dwellings, the taxes on the taxpayer's principal residence shall be that portion of the total taxes for the entire property which is attributable to such principal residence;
            (D) An amount equal to the amount of the capital
        
gain deduction allowable under the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of adjusted gross income;
            (D-5) An amount, to the extent not included in
        
adjusted gross income, equal to the amount of money withdrawn by the taxpayer in the taxable year from a medical care savings account and the interest earned on the account in the taxable year of a withdrawal pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 20 of the Medical Care Savings Account Act or subsection (b) of Section 20 of the Medical Care Savings Account Act of 2000;
            (D-10) For taxable years ending after December
        
31, 1997, an amount equal to any eligible remediation costs that the individual deducted in computing adjusted gross income and for which the individual claims a credit under subsection (l) of Section 201;
            (D-15) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the bonus depreciation deduction taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return for the taxable year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (D-16) If the taxpayer sells, transfers,
        
abandons, or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-15), then an amount equal to the aggregate amount of the deductions taken in all taxable years under subparagraph (Z) with respect to that property.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was allowed in any taxable year to make a subtraction modification under subparagraph (Z), then an amount equal to that subtraction modification.
            The taxpayer is required to make the addition
        
modification under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property;
            (D-17) An amount equal to the amount otherwise
        
allowed as a deduction in computing base income for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of the foreign person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the interest was paid, accrued, or incurred.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such interest; or
                (ii) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person, during the same taxable
                
year, paid, accrued, or incurred, the interest to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
interest expense between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects an arm's-length interest rate and terms; or
                (iii) the taxpayer can establish, based on
            
clear and convincing evidence, that the interest paid, accrued, or incurred relates to a contract or agreement entered into at arm's-length rates and terms and the principal purpose for the payment is not federal or Illinois tax avoidance; or
                (iv) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f).
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (D-18) An amount equal to the amount of
        
intangible expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the intangible expenses and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17) of this Act. As used in this subparagraph, the term "intangible expenses and costs" includes (1) expenses, losses, and costs for, or related to, the direct or indirect acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange, or any other disposition of intangible property; (2) losses incurred, directly or indirectly, from factoring transactions or discounting transactions; (3) royalty, patent, technical, and copyright fees; (4) licensing fees; and (5) other similar expenses and costs. For purposes of this subparagraph, "intangible property" includes patents, patent applications, trade names, trademarks, service marks, copyrights, mask works, trade secrets, and similar types of intangible assets.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) any item of intangible expenses
            
or costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such item; or
                (ii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person during the same taxable
                
year paid, accrued, or incurred, the intangible expense or cost to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
intangible expense or cost between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects arm's-length terms; or
                (iii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence, that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f);
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (D-19) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2008, an amount equal to the amount of insurance premium expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the premiums and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17) or Section 203(a)(2)(D-18) of this Act.
            (D-20) For taxable years beginning on or after
        
January 1, 2002 and ending on or before December 31, 2006, in the case of a distribution from a qualified tuition program under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code, other than (i) a distribution from a College Savings Pool created under Section 16.5 of the State Treasurer Act or (ii) a distribution from the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Trust Fund, an amount equal to the amount excluded from gross income under Section 529(c)(3)(B). For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2007, in the case of a distribution from a qualified tuition program under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code, other than (i) a distribution from a College Savings Pool created under Section 16.5 of the State Treasurer Act, (ii) a distribution from the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Trust Fund, or (iii) a distribution from a qualified tuition program under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code that (I) adopts and determines that its offering materials comply with the College Savings Plans Network's disclosure principles and (II) has made reasonable efforts to inform in-state residents of the existence of in-state qualified tuition programs by informing Illinois residents directly and, where applicable, to inform financial intermediaries distributing the program to inform in-state residents of the existence of in-state qualified tuition programs at least annually, an amount equal to the amount excluded from gross income under Section 529(c)(3)(B).
            For the purposes of this subparagraph (D-20), a
        
qualified tuition program has made reasonable efforts if it makes disclosures (which may use the term "in-state program" or "in-state plan" and need not specifically refer to Illinois or its qualified programs by name) (i) directly to prospective participants in its offering materials or makes a public disclosure, such as a website posting; and (ii) where applicable, to intermediaries selling the out-of-state program in the same manner that the out-of-state program distributes its offering materials;
            (D-21) For taxable years beginning on or after
        
January 1, 2007, in the case of transfer of moneys from a qualified tuition program under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code that is administered by the State to an out-of-state program, an amount equal to the amount of moneys previously deducted from base income under subsection (a)(2)(Y) of this Section;
            (D-22) For taxable years beginning on or after
        
January 1, 2009, in the case of a nonqualified withdrawal or refund of moneys from a qualified tuition program under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code administered by the State that is not used for qualified expenses at an eligible education institution, an amount equal to the contribution component of the nonqualified withdrawal or refund that was previously deducted from base income under subsection (a)(2)(y) of this Section, provided that the withdrawal or refund did not result from the beneficiary's death or disability;
            (D-23) An amount equal to the credit allowable
        
to the taxpayer under Section 218(a) of this Act, determined without regard to Section 218(c) of this Act;
    and by deducting from the total so obtained the sum of
    
the following amounts:
            (E) For taxable years ending before December 31,
        
2001, any amount included in such total in respect of any compensation (including but not limited to any compensation paid or accrued to a serviceman while a prisoner of war or missing in action) paid to a resident by reason of being on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States and in respect of any compensation paid or accrued to a resident who as a governmental employee was a prisoner of war or missing in action, and in respect of any compensation paid to a resident in 1971 or thereafter for annual training performed pursuant to Sections 502 and 503, Title 32, United States Code as a member of the Illinois National Guard or, beginning with taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2007, the National Guard of any other state. For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2001, any amount included in such total in respect of any compensation (including but not limited to any compensation paid or accrued to a serviceman while a prisoner of war or missing in action) paid to a resident by reason of being a member of any component of the Armed Forces of the United States and in respect of any compensation paid or accrued to a resident who as a governmental employee was a prisoner of war or missing in action, and in respect of any compensation paid to a resident in 2001 or thereafter by reason of being a member of the Illinois National Guard or, beginning with taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2007, the National Guard of any other state. The provisions of this subparagraph (E) are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (F) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
such total pursuant to the provisions of Sections 402(a), 402(c), 403(a), 403(b), 406(a), 407(a), and 408 of the Internal Revenue Code, or included in such total as distributions under the provisions of any retirement or disability plan for employees of any governmental agency or unit, or retirement payments to retired partners, which payments are excluded in computing net earnings from self employment by Section 1402 of the Internal Revenue Code and regulations adopted pursuant thereto;
            (G) The valuation limitation amount;
            (H) An amount equal to the amount of any tax
        
imposed by this Act which was refunded to the taxpayer and included in such total for the taxable year;
            (I) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
such total pursuant to the provisions of Section 111 of the Internal Revenue Code as a recovery of items previously deducted from adjusted gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (J) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total which were paid by a corporation which conducts business operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones created under the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act, and conducts substantially all of its operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones. This subparagraph (J) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (K) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total that were paid by a corporation that conducts business operations in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone and that is designated a High Impact Business located in Illinois; provided that dividends eligible for the deduction provided in subparagraph (J) of paragraph (2) of this subsection shall not be eligible for the deduction provided under this subparagraph (K);
            (L) For taxable years ending after December 31,
        
1983, an amount equal to all social security benefits and railroad retirement benefits included in such total pursuant to Sections 72(r) and 86 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (M) With the exception of any amounts subtracted
        
under subparagraph (N), an amount equal to the sum of all amounts disallowed as deductions by (i) Sections 171(a) (2), and 265(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, and all amounts of expenses allocable to interest and disallowed as deductions by Section 265(1) of the Internal Revenue Code; and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after August 13, 1999, Sections 171(a)(2), 265, 280C, and 832(b)(5)(B)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2011, Section 45G(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, any amount included in gross income under Section 87 of the Internal Revenue Code; the provisions of this subparagraph are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (N) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
such total which are exempt from taxation by this State either by reason of its statutes or Constitution or by reason of the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States; provided that, in the case of any statute of this State that exempts income derived from bonds or other obligations from the tax imposed under this Act, the amount exempted shall be the interest net of bond premium amortization;
            (O) An amount equal to any contribution made to a
        
job training project established pursuant to the Tax Increment Allocation Redevelopment Act;
            (P) An amount equal to the amount of the
        
deduction used to compute the federal income tax credit for restoration of substantial amounts held under claim of right for the taxable year pursuant to Section 1341 of the Internal Revenue Code or of any itemized deduction taken from adjusted gross income in the computation of taxable income for restoration of substantial amounts held under claim of right for the taxable year;
            (Q) An amount equal to any amounts included in
        
such total, received by the taxpayer as an acceleration in the payment of life, endowment or annuity benefits in advance of the time they would otherwise be payable as an indemnity for a terminal illness;
            (R) An amount equal to the amount of any federal
        
or State bonus paid to veterans of the Persian Gulf War;
            (S) An amount, to the extent included in adjusted
        
gross income, equal to the amount of a contribution made in the taxable year on behalf of the taxpayer to a medical care savings account established under the Medical Care Savings Account Act or the Medical Care Savings Account Act of 2000 to the extent the contribution is accepted by the account administrator as provided in that Act;
            (T) An amount, to the extent included in adjusted
        
gross income, equal to the amount of interest earned in the taxable year on a medical care savings account established under the Medical Care Savings Account Act or the Medical Care Savings Account Act of 2000 on behalf of the taxpayer, other than interest added pursuant to item (D-5) of this paragraph (2);
            (U) For one taxable year beginning on or after
        
January 1, 1994, an amount equal to the total amount of tax imposed and paid under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act on grant amounts received by the taxpayer under the Nursing Home Grant Assistance Act during the taxpayer's taxable years 1992 and 1993;
            (V) Beginning with tax years ending on or after
        
December 31, 1995 and ending with tax years ending on or before December 31, 2004, an amount equal to the amount paid by a taxpayer who is a self-employed taxpayer, a partner of a partnership, or a shareholder in a Subchapter S corporation for health insurance or long-term care insurance for that taxpayer or that taxpayer's spouse or dependents, to the extent that the amount paid for that health insurance or long-term care insurance may be deducted under Section 213 of the Internal Revenue Code, has not been deducted on the federal income tax return of the taxpayer, and does not exceed the taxable income attributable to that taxpayer's income, self-employment income, or Subchapter S corporation income; except that no deduction shall be allowed under this item (V) if the taxpayer is eligible to participate in any health insurance or long-term care insurance plan of an employer of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse. The amount of the health insurance and long-term care insurance subtracted under this item (V) shall be determined by multiplying total health insurance and long-term care insurance premiums paid by the taxpayer times a number that represents the fractional percentage of eligible medical expenses under Section 213 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 not actually deducted on the taxpayer's federal income tax return;
            (W) For taxable years beginning on or after
        
January 1, 1998, all amounts included in the taxpayer's federal gross income in the taxable year from amounts converted from a regular IRA to a Roth IRA. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (X) For taxable year 1999 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the amount of any (i) distributions, to the extent includible in gross income for federal income tax purposes, made to the taxpayer because of his or her status as a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime or as an heir of the victim and (ii) items of income, to the extent includible in gross income for federal income tax purposes, attributable to, derived from or in any way related to assets stolen from, hidden from, or otherwise lost to a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime immediately prior to, during, and immediately after World War II, including, but not limited to, interest on the proceeds receivable as insurance under policies issued to a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime by European insurance companies immediately prior to and during World War II; provided, however, this subtraction from federal adjusted gross income does not apply to assets acquired with such assets or with the proceeds from the sale of such assets; provided, further, this paragraph shall only apply to a taxpayer who was the first recipient of such assets after their recovery and who is a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime or as an heir of the victim. The amount of and the eligibility for any public assistance, benefit, or similar entitlement is not affected by the inclusion of items (i) and (ii) of this paragraph in gross income for federal income tax purposes. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (Y) For taxable years beginning on or after
        
January 1, 2002 and ending on or before December 31, 2004, moneys contributed in the taxable year to a College Savings Pool account under Section 16.5 of the State Treasurer Act, except that amounts excluded from gross income under Section 529(c)(3)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be considered moneys contributed under this subparagraph (Y). For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2005, a maximum of $10,000 contributed in the taxable year to (i) a College Savings Pool account under Section 16.5 of the State Treasurer Act or (ii) the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Trust Fund, except that amounts excluded from gross income under Section 529(c)(3)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be considered moneys contributed under this subparagraph (Y). For purposes of this subparagraph, contributions made by an employer on behalf of an employee, or matching contributions made by an employee, shall be treated as made by the employee. This subparagraph (Y) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (Z) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, for
        
the taxable year in which the bonus depreciation deduction is taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code and for each applicable taxable year thereafter, an amount equal to "x", where:
                (1) "y" equals the amount of the depreciation
            
deduction taken for the taxable year on the taxpayer's federal income tax return on property for which the bonus depreciation deduction was taken in any year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code, but not including the bonus depreciation deduction;
                (2) for taxable years ending on or before
            
December 31, 2005, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                (3) for taxable years ending after December
            
31, 2005:
                    (i) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 30% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                    (ii) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 50% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 1.0.
            The aggregate amount deducted under this
        
subparagraph in all taxable years for any one piece of property may not exceed the amount of the bonus depreciation deduction taken on that property on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code. This subparagraph (Z) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (AA) If the taxpayer sells, transfers, abandons,
        
or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-15), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-15), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            The taxpayer is allowed to take the deduction
        
under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property.
            This subparagraph (AA) is exempt from the
        
provisions of Section 250;
            (BB) Any amount included in adjusted gross
        
income, other than salary, received by a driver in a ridesharing arrangement using a motor vehicle;
            (CC) The amount of (i) any interest income (net
        
of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17), 203(b)(2)(E-12), 203(c)(2)(G-12), or 203(d)(2)(D-7), but not to exceed the amount of that addition modification, and (ii) any income from intangible property (net of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-18), 203(b)(2)(E-13), 203(c)(2)(G-13), or 203(d)(2)(D-8), but not to exceed the amount of that addition modification. This subparagraph (CC) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (DD) An amount equal to the interest income taken
        
into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17) for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same person. This subparagraph (DD) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (EE) An amount equal to the income from
        
intangible property taken into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(a)(2)(D-18) for intangible expenses and costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same foreign person. This subparagraph (EE) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (FF) An amount equal to any amount awarded to the
        
taxpayer during the taxable year by the Court of Claims under subsection (c) of Section 8 of the Court of Claims Act for time unjustly served in a State prison. This subparagraph (FF) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250; and
            (GG) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2011, in the case of a taxpayer who was required to add back any insurance premiums under Section 203(a)(2)(D-19), such taxpayer may elect to subtract that part of a reimbursement received from the insurance company equal to the amount of the expense or loss (including expenses incurred by the insurance company) that would have been taken into account as a deduction for federal income tax purposes if the expense or loss had been uninsured. If a taxpayer makes the election provided for by this subparagraph (GG), the insurer to which the premiums were paid must add back to income the amount subtracted by the taxpayer pursuant to this subparagraph (GG). This subparagraph (GG) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.

 
    (b) Corporations.
        (1) In general. In the case of a corporation, base
    
income means an amount equal to the taxpayer's taxable income for the taxable year as modified by paragraph (2).
        (2) Modifications. The taxable income referred to in
    
paragraph (1) shall be modified by adding thereto the sum of the following amounts:
            (A) An amount equal to all amounts paid or
        
accrued to the taxpayer as interest and all distributions received from regulated investment companies during the taxable year to the extent excluded from gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (B) An amount equal to the amount of tax imposed
        
by this Act to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of taxable income for the taxable year;
            (C) In the case of a regulated investment
        
company, an amount equal to the excess of (i) the net long-term capital gain for the taxable year, over (ii) the amount of the capital gain dividends designated as such in accordance with Section 852(b)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code and any amount designated under Section 852(b)(3)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, attributable to the taxable year (this amendatory Act of 1995 (Public Act 89-89) is declarative of existing law and is not a new enactment);
            (D) The amount of any net operating loss
        
deduction taken in arriving at taxable income, other than a net operating loss carried forward from a taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986;
            (E) For taxable years in which a net operating
        
loss carryback or carryforward from a taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 is an element of taxable income under paragraph (1) of subsection (e) or subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) of subsection (e), the amount by which addition modifications other than those provided by this subparagraph (E) exceeded subtraction modifications in such earlier taxable year, with the following limitations applied in the order that they are listed:
                (i) the addition modification relating to the
            
net operating loss carried back or forward to the taxable year from any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 shall be reduced by the amount of addition modification under this subparagraph (E) which related to that net operating loss and which was taken into account in calculating the base income of an earlier taxable year, and
                (ii) the addition modification relating to
            
the net operating loss carried back or forward to the taxable year from any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 shall not exceed the amount of such carryback or carryforward;
            For taxable years in which there is a net
        
operating loss carryback or carryforward from more than one other taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986, the addition modification provided in this subparagraph (E) shall be the sum of the amounts computed independently under the preceding provisions of this subparagraph (E) for each such taxable year;
            (E-5) For taxable years ending after December 31,
        
1997, an amount equal to any eligible remediation costs that the corporation deducted in computing adjusted gross income and for which the corporation claims a credit under subsection (l) of Section 201;
            (E-10) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the bonus depreciation deduction taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return for the taxable year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (E-11) If the taxpayer sells, transfers,
        
abandons, or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (E-10), then an amount equal to the aggregate amount of the deductions taken in all taxable years under subparagraph (T) with respect to that property.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was allowed in any taxable year to make a subtraction modification under subparagraph (T), then an amount equal to that subtraction modification.
            The taxpayer is required to make the addition
        
modification under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property;
            (E-12) An amount equal to the amount otherwise
        
allowed as a deduction in computing base income for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of the foreign person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the interest was paid, accrued, or incurred.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such interest; or
                (ii) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person, during the same taxable
                
year, paid, accrued, or incurred, the interest to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
interest expense between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects an arm's-length interest rate and terms; or
                (iii) the taxpayer can establish, based on
            
clear and convincing evidence, that the interest paid, accrued, or incurred relates to a contract or agreement entered into at arm's-length rates and terms and the principal purpose for the payment is not federal or Illinois tax avoidance; or
                (iv) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f).
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (E-13) An amount equal to the amount of
        
intangible expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the intangible expenses and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence shall not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(b)(2)(E-12) of this Act. As used in this subparagraph, the term "intangible expenses and costs" includes (1) expenses, losses, and costs for, or related to, the direct or indirect acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange, or any other disposition of intangible property; (2) losses incurred, directly or indirectly, from factoring transactions or discounting transactions; (3) royalty, patent, technical, and copyright fees; (4) licensing fees; and (5) other similar expenses and costs. For purposes of this subparagraph, "intangible property" includes patents, patent applications, trade names, trademarks, service marks, copyrights, mask works, trade secrets, and similar types of intangible assets.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) any item of intangible expenses
            
or costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such item; or
                (ii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person during the same taxable
                
year paid, accrued, or incurred, the intangible expense or cost to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
intangible expense or cost between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects arm's-length terms; or
                (iii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence, that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f);
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (E-14) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2008, an amount equal to the amount of insurance premium expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the premiums and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(b)(2)(E-12) or Section 203(b)(2)(E-13) of this Act;
            (E-15) For taxable years beginning after December
        
31, 2008, any deduction for dividends paid by a captive real estate investment trust that is allowed to a real estate investment trust under Section 857(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code for dividends paid;
            (E-16) An amount equal to the credit allowable
        
to the taxpayer under Section 218(a) of this Act, determined without regard to Section 218(c) of this Act;
    and by deducting from the total so obtained the sum of
    
the following amounts:
            (F) An amount equal to the amount of any tax
        
imposed by this Act which was refunded to the taxpayer and included in such total for the taxable year;
            (G) An amount equal to any amount included in
        
such total under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (H) In the case of a regulated investment
        
company, an amount equal to the amount of exempt interest dividends as defined in subsection (b) (5) of Section 852 of the Internal Revenue Code, paid to shareholders for the taxable year;
            (I) With the exception of any amounts subtracted
        
under subparagraph (J), an amount equal to the sum of all amounts disallowed as deductions by (i) Sections 171(a) (2), and 265(a)(2) and amounts disallowed as interest expense by Section 291(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and all amounts of expenses allocable to interest and disallowed as deductions by Section 265(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code; and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after August 13, 1999, Sections 171(a)(2), 265, 280C, 291(a)(3), and 832(b)(5)(B)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus, for tax years ending on or after December 31, 2011, amounts disallowed as deductions by Section 45G(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, any amount included in gross income under Section 87 of the Internal Revenue Code and the policyholders' share of tax-exempt interest of a life insurance company under Section 807(a)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code (in the case of a life insurance company with gross income from a decrease in reserves for the tax year) or Section 807(b)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code (in the case of a life insurance company allowed a deduction for an increase in reserves for the tax year); the provisions of this subparagraph are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (J) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
such total which are exempt from taxation by this State either by reason of its statutes or Constitution or by reason of the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States; provided that, in the case of any statute of this State that exempts income derived from bonds or other obligations from the tax imposed under this Act, the amount exempted shall be the interest net of bond premium amortization;
            (K) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total which were paid by a corporation which conducts business operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones created under the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act and conducts substantially all of its operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones. This subparagraph (K) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (L) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total that were paid by a corporation that conducts business operations in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone and that is designated a High Impact Business located in Illinois; provided that dividends eligible for the deduction provided in subparagraph (K) of paragraph 2 of this subsection shall not be eligible for the deduction provided under this subparagraph (L);
            (M) For any taxpayer that is a financial
        
organization within the meaning of Section 304(c) of this Act, an amount included in such total as interest income from a loan or loans made by such taxpayer to a borrower, to the extent that such a loan is secured by property which is eligible for the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Investment Credit. To determine the portion of a loan or loans that is secured by property eligible for a Section 201(f) investment credit to the borrower, the entire principal amount of the loan or loans between the taxpayer and the borrower should be divided into the basis of the Section 201(f) investment credit property which secures the loan or loans, using for this purpose the original basis of such property on the date that it was placed in service in the River Edge Redevelopment Zone. The subtraction modification available to taxpayer in any year under this subsection shall be that portion of the total interest paid by the borrower with respect to such loan attributable to the eligible property as calculated under the previous sentence. This subparagraph (M) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (M-1) For any taxpayer that is a financial
        
organization within the meaning of Section 304(c) of this Act, an amount included in such total as interest income from a loan or loans made by such taxpayer to a borrower, to the extent that such a loan is secured by property which is eligible for the High Impact Business Investment Credit. To determine the portion of a loan or loans that is secured by property eligible for a Section 201(h) investment credit to the borrower, the entire principal amount of the loan or loans between the taxpayer and the borrower should be divided into the basis of the Section 201(h) investment credit property which secures the loan or loans, using for this purpose the original basis of such property on the date that it was placed in service in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone located in Illinois. No taxpayer that is eligible for the deduction provided in subparagraph (M) of paragraph (2) of this subsection shall be eligible for the deduction provided under this subparagraph (M-1). The subtraction modification available to taxpayers in any year under this subsection shall be that portion of the total interest paid by the borrower with respect to such loan attributable to the eligible property as calculated under the previous sentence;
            (N) Two times any contribution made during the
        
taxable year to a designated zone organization to the extent that the contribution (i) qualifies as a charitable contribution under subsection (c) of Section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code and (ii) must, by its terms, be used for a project approved by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity under Section 11 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act or under Section 10-10 of the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act. This subparagraph (N) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (O) An amount equal to: (i) 85% for taxable years
        
ending on or before December 31, 1992, or, a percentage equal to the percentage allowable under Section 243(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for taxable years ending after December 31, 1992, of the amount by which dividends included in taxable income and received from a corporation that is not created or organized under the laws of the United States or any state or political subdivision thereof, including, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1988, dividends received or deemed received or paid or deemed paid under Sections 951 through 965 of the Internal Revenue Code, exceed the amount of the modification provided under subparagraph (G) of paragraph (2) of this subsection (b) which is related to such dividends, and including, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, dividends received from a captive real estate investment trust; plus (ii) 100% of the amount by which dividends, included in taxable income and received, including, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1988, dividends received or deemed received or paid or deemed paid under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and including, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, dividends received from a captive real estate investment trust, from any such corporation specified in clause (i) that would but for the provisions of Section 1504 (b) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code be treated as a member of the affiliated group which includes the dividend recipient, exceed the amount of the modification provided under subparagraph (G) of paragraph (2) of this subsection (b) which is related to such dividends. This subparagraph (O) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250 of this Act;
            (P) An amount equal to any contribution made to a
        
job training project established pursuant to the Tax Increment Allocation Redevelopment Act;
            (Q) An amount equal to the amount of the
        
deduction used to compute the federal income tax credit for restoration of substantial amounts held under claim of right for the taxable year pursuant to Section 1341 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (R) On and after July 20, 1999, in the case of an
        
attorney-in-fact with respect to whom an interinsurer or a reciprocal insurer has made the election under Section 835 of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 835, an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the amounts paid or incurred by that interinsurer or reciprocal insurer in the taxable year to the attorney-in-fact over the deduction allowed to that interinsurer or reciprocal insurer with respect to the attorney-in-fact under Section 835(b) of the Internal Revenue Code for the taxable year; the provisions of this subparagraph are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (S) For taxable years ending on or after December
        
31, 1997, in the case of a Subchapter S corporation, an amount equal to all amounts of income allocable to a shareholder subject to the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act, including amounts allocable to organizations exempt from federal income tax by reason of Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code. This subparagraph (S) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (T) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, for
        
the taxable year in which the bonus depreciation deduction is taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code and for each applicable taxable year thereafter, an amount equal to "x", where:
                (1) "y" equals the amount of the depreciation
            
deduction taken for the taxable year on the taxpayer's federal income tax return on property for which the bonus depreciation deduction was taken in any year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code, but not including the bonus depreciation deduction;
                (2) for taxable years ending on or before
            
December 31, 2005, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                (3) for taxable years ending after December
            
31, 2005:
                    (i) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 30% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                    (ii) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 50% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 1.0.
            The aggregate amount deducted under this
        
subparagraph in all taxable years for any one piece of property may not exceed the amount of the bonus depreciation deduction taken on that property on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code. This subparagraph (T) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (U) If the taxpayer sells, transfers, abandons,
        
or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (E-10), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (E-10), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            The taxpayer is allowed to take the deduction
        
under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property.
            This subparagraph (U) is exempt from the
        
provisions of Section 250;
            (V) The amount of: (i) any interest income (net
        
of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17), 203(b)(2)(E-12), 203(c)(2)(G-12), or 203(d)(2)(D-7), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification, (ii) any income from intangible property (net of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-18), 203(b)(2)(E-13), 203(c)(2)(G-13), or 203(d)(2)(D-8), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification, and (iii) any insurance premium income (net of deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-19), Section 203(b)(2)(E-14), Section 203(c)(2)(G-14), or Section 203(d)(2)(D-9), but not to exceed the amount of that addition modification. This subparagraph (V) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (W) An amount equal to the interest income taken
        
into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(b)(2)(E-12) for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same person. This subparagraph (W) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (X) An amount equal to the income from intangible
        
property taken into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(b)(2)(E-13) for intangible expenses and costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same foreign person. This subparagraph (X) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (Y) For taxable years ending on or after December
        
31, 2011, in the case of a taxpayer who was required to add back any insurance premiums under Section 203(b)(2)(E-14), such taxpayer may elect to subtract that part of a reimbursement received from the insurance company equal to the amount of the expense or loss (including expenses incurred by the insurance company) that would have been taken into account as a deduction for federal income tax purposes if the expense or loss had been uninsured. If a taxpayer makes the election provided for by this subparagraph (Y), the insurer to which the premiums were paid must add back to income the amount subtracted by the taxpayer pursuant to this subparagraph (Y). This subparagraph (Y) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250; and
            (Z) The difference between the nondeductible
        
controlled foreign corporation dividends under Section 965(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code over the taxable income of the taxpayer, computed without regard to Section 965(e)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, and without regard to any net operating loss deduction. This subparagraph (Z) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
        (3) Special rule. For purposes of paragraph (2) (A),
    
"gross income" in the case of a life insurance company, for tax years ending on and after December 31, 1994, and prior to December 31, 2011, shall mean the gross investment income for the taxable year and, for tax years ending on or after December 31, 2011, shall mean all amounts included in life insurance gross income under Section 803(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

 
    (c) Trusts and estates.
        (1) In general. In the case of a trust or estate,
    
base income means an amount equal to the taxpayer's taxable income for the taxable year as modified by paragraph (2).
        (2) Modifications. Subject to the provisions of
    
paragraph (3), the taxable income referred to in paragraph (1) shall be modified by adding thereto the sum of the following amounts:
            (A) An amount equal to all amounts paid or
        
accrued to the taxpayer as interest or dividends during the taxable year to the extent excluded from gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (B) In the case of (i) an estate, $600; (ii) a
        
trust which, under its governing instrument, is required to distribute all of its income currently, $300; and (iii) any other trust, $100, but in each such case, only to the extent such amount was deducted in the computation of taxable income;
            (C) An amount equal to the amount of tax imposed
        
by this Act to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of taxable income for the taxable year;
            (D) The amount of any net operating loss
        
deduction taken in arriving at taxable income, other than a net operating loss carried forward from a taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986;
            (E) For taxable years in which a net operating
        
loss carryback or carryforward from a taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 is an element of taxable income under paragraph (1) of subsection (e) or subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) of subsection (e), the amount by which addition modifications other than those provided by this subparagraph (E) exceeded subtraction modifications in such taxable year, with the following limitations applied in the order that they are listed:
                (i) the addition modification relating to the
            
net operating loss carried back or forward to the taxable year from any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 shall be reduced by the amount of addition modification under this subparagraph (E) which related to that net operating loss and which was taken into account in calculating the base income of an earlier taxable year, and
                (ii) the addition modification relating to
            
the net operating loss carried back or forward to the taxable year from any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986 shall not exceed the amount of such carryback or carryforward;
            For taxable years in which there is a net
        
operating loss carryback or carryforward from more than one other taxable year ending prior to December 31, 1986, the addition modification provided in this subparagraph (E) shall be the sum of the amounts computed independently under the preceding provisions of this subparagraph (E) for each such taxable year;
            (F) For taxable years ending on or after January
        
1, 1989, an amount equal to the tax deducted pursuant to Section 164 of the Internal Revenue Code if the trust or estate is claiming the same tax for purposes of the Illinois foreign tax credit under Section 601 of this Act;
            (G) An amount equal to the amount of the capital
        
gain deduction allowable under the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (G-5) For taxable years ending after December 31,
        
1997, an amount equal to any eligible remediation costs that the trust or estate deducted in computing adjusted gross income and for which the trust or estate claims a credit under subsection (l) of Section 201;
            (G-10) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the bonus depreciation deduction taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return for the taxable year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code; and
            (G-11) If the taxpayer sells, transfers,
        
abandons, or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (G-10), then an amount equal to the aggregate amount of the deductions taken in all taxable years under subparagraph (R) with respect to that property.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was allowed in any taxable year to make a subtraction modification under subparagraph (R), then an amount equal to that subtraction modification.
            The taxpayer is required to make the addition
        
modification under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property;
            (G-12) An amount equal to the amount otherwise
        
allowed as a deduction in computing base income for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of the foreign person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the interest was paid, accrued, or incurred.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such interest; or
                (ii) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person, during the same taxable
                
year, paid, accrued, or incurred, the interest to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
interest expense between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects an arm's-length interest rate and terms; or
                (iii) the taxpayer can establish, based on
            
clear and convincing evidence, that the interest paid, accrued, or incurred relates to a contract or agreement entered into at arm's-length rates and terms and the principal purpose for the payment is not federal or Illinois tax avoidance; or
                (iv) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f).
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (G-13) An amount equal to the amount of
        
intangible expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the intangible expenses and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence shall not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(c)(2)(G-12) of this Act. As used in this subparagraph, the term "intangible expenses and costs" includes: (1) expenses, losses, and costs for or related to the direct or indirect acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange, or any other disposition of intangible property; (2) losses incurred, directly or indirectly, from factoring transactions or discounting transactions; (3) royalty, patent, technical, and copyright fees; (4) licensing fees; and (5) other similar expenses and costs. For purposes of this subparagraph, "intangible property" includes patents, patent applications, trade names, trademarks, service marks, copyrights, mask works, trade secrets, and similar types of intangible assets.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) any item of intangible expenses
            
or costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such item; or
                (ii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person during the same taxable
                
year paid, accrued, or incurred, the intangible expense or cost to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
intangible expense or cost between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects arm's-length terms; or
                (iii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence, that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f);
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (G-14) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2008, an amount equal to the amount of insurance premium expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the premiums and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(c)(2)(G-12) or Section 203(c)(2)(G-13) of this Act;
            (G-15) An amount equal to the credit allowable
        
to the taxpayer under Section 218(a) of this Act, determined without regard to Section 218(c) of this Act;
    and by deducting from the total so obtained the sum of
    
the following amounts:
            (H) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
such total pursuant to the provisions of Sections 402(a), 402(c), 403(a), 403(b), 406(a), 407(a) and 408 of the Internal Revenue Code or included in such total as distributions under the provisions of any retirement or disability plan for employees of any governmental agency or unit, or retirement payments to retired partners, which payments are excluded in computing net earnings from self employment by Section 1402 of the Internal Revenue Code and regulations adopted pursuant thereto;
            (I) The valuation limitation amount;
            (J) An amount equal to the amount of any tax
        
imposed by this Act which was refunded to the taxpayer and included in such total for the taxable year;
            (K) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
taxable income as modified by subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F) and (G) which are exempt from taxation by this State either by reason of its statutes or Constitution or by reason of the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States; provided that, in the case of any statute of this State that exempts income derived from bonds or other obligations from the tax imposed under this Act, the amount exempted shall be the interest net of bond premium amortization;
            (L) With the exception of any amounts subtracted
        
under subparagraph (K), an amount equal to the sum of all amounts disallowed as deductions by (i) Sections 171(a) (2) and 265(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, and all amounts of expenses allocable to interest and disallowed as deductions by Section 265(1) of the Internal Revenue Code; and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after August 13, 1999, Sections 171(a)(2), 265, 280C, and 832(b)(5)(B)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus, (iii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2011, Section 45G(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, any amount included in gross income under Section 87 of the Internal Revenue Code; the provisions of this subparagraph are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (M) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total which were paid by a corporation which conducts business operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones created under the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act and conducts substantially all of its operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones. This subparagraph (M) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (N) An amount equal to any contribution made to a
        
job training project established pursuant to the Tax Increment Allocation Redevelopment Act;
            (O) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total that were paid by a corporation that conducts business operations in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone and that is designated a High Impact Business located in Illinois; provided that dividends eligible for the deduction provided in subparagraph (M) of paragraph (2) of this subsection shall not be eligible for the deduction provided under this subparagraph (O);
            (P) An amount equal to the amount of the
        
deduction used to compute the federal income tax credit for restoration of substantial amounts held under claim of right for the taxable year pursuant to Section 1341 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (Q) For taxable year 1999 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the amount of any (i) distributions, to the extent includible in gross income for federal income tax purposes, made to the taxpayer because of his or her status as a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime or as an heir of the victim and (ii) items of income, to the extent includible in gross income for federal income tax purposes, attributable to, derived from or in any way related to assets stolen from, hidden from, or otherwise lost to a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime immediately prior to, during, and immediately after World War II, including, but not limited to, interest on the proceeds receivable as insurance under policies issued to a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime by European insurance companies immediately prior to and during World War II; provided, however, this subtraction from federal adjusted gross income does not apply to assets acquired with such assets or with the proceeds from the sale of such assets; provided, further, this paragraph shall only apply to a taxpayer who was the first recipient of such assets after their recovery and who is a victim of persecution for racial or religious reasons by Nazi Germany or any other Axis regime or as an heir of the victim. The amount of and the eligibility for any public assistance, benefit, or similar entitlement is not affected by the inclusion of items (i) and (ii) of this paragraph in gross income for federal income tax purposes. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (R) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, for
        
the taxable year in which the bonus depreciation deduction is taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code and for each applicable taxable year thereafter, an amount equal to "x", where:
                (1) "y" equals the amount of the depreciation
            
deduction taken for the taxable year on the taxpayer's federal income tax return on property for which the bonus depreciation deduction was taken in any year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code, but not including the bonus depreciation deduction;
                (2) for taxable years ending on or before
            
December 31, 2005, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                (3) for taxable years ending after December
            
31, 2005:
                    (i) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 30% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                    (ii) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 50% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 1.0.
            The aggregate amount deducted under this
        
subparagraph in all taxable years for any one piece of property may not exceed the amount of the bonus depreciation deduction taken on that property on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code. This subparagraph (R) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (S) If the taxpayer sells, transfers, abandons,
        
or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (G-10), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (G-10), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            The taxpayer is allowed to take the deduction
        
under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property.
            This subparagraph (S) is exempt from the
        
provisions of Section 250;
            (T) The amount of (i) any interest income (net of
        
the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17), 203(b)(2)(E-12), 203(c)(2)(G-12), or 203(d)(2)(D-7), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification and (ii) any income from intangible property (net of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-18), 203(b)(2)(E-13), 203(c)(2)(G-13), or 203(d)(2)(D-8), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification. This subparagraph (T) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (U) An amount equal to the interest income taken
        
into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(c)(2)(G-12) for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same person. This subparagraph (U) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (V) An amount equal to the income from intangible
        
property taken into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(c)(2)(G-13) for intangible expenses and costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same foreign person. This subparagraph (V) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (W) in the case of an estate, an amount equal to
        
all amounts included in such total pursuant to the provisions of Section 111 of the Internal Revenue Code as a recovery of items previously deducted by the decedent from adjusted gross income in the computation of taxable income. This subparagraph (W) is exempt from Section 250;
            (X) an amount equal to the refund included in
        
such total of any tax deducted for federal income tax purposes, to the extent that deduction was added back under subparagraph (F). This subparagraph (X) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250; and
            (Y) For taxable years ending on or after December
        
31, 2011, in the case of a taxpayer who was required to add back any insurance premiums under Section 203(c)(2)(G-14), such taxpayer may elect to subtract that part of a reimbursement received from the insurance company equal to the amount of the expense or loss (including expenses incurred by the insurance company) that would have been taken into account as a deduction for federal income tax purposes if the expense or loss had been uninsured. If a taxpayer makes the election provided for by this subparagraph (Y), the insurer to which the premiums were paid must add back to income the amount subtracted by the taxpayer pursuant to this subparagraph (Y). This subparagraph (Y) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
        (3) Limitation. The amount of any modification
    
otherwise required under this subsection shall, under regulations prescribed by the Department, be adjusted by any amounts included therein which were properly paid, credited, or required to be distributed, or permanently set aside for charitable purposes pursuant to Internal Revenue Code Section 642(c) during the taxable year.

 
    (d) Partnerships.
        (1) In general. In the case of a partnership, base
    
income means an amount equal to the taxpayer's taxable income for the taxable year as modified by paragraph (2).
        (2) Modifications. The taxable income referred to in
    
paragraph (1) shall be modified by adding thereto the sum of the following amounts:
            (A) An amount equal to all amounts paid or
        
accrued to the taxpayer as interest or dividends during the taxable year to the extent excluded from gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (B) An amount equal to the amount of tax imposed
        
by this Act to the extent deducted from gross income for the taxable year;
            (C) The amount of deductions allowed to the
        
partnership pursuant to Section 707 (c) of the Internal Revenue Code in calculating its taxable income;
            (D) An amount equal to the amount of the capital
        
gain deduction allowable under the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent deducted from gross income in the computation of taxable income;
            (D-5) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, an
        
amount equal to the bonus depreciation deduction taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return for the taxable year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (D-6) If the taxpayer sells, transfers, abandons,
        
or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-5), then an amount equal to the aggregate amount of the deductions taken in all taxable years under subparagraph (O) with respect to that property.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was allowed in any taxable year to make a subtraction modification under subparagraph (O), then an amount equal to that subtraction modification.
            The taxpayer is required to make the addition
        
modification under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property;
            (D-7) An amount equal to the amount otherwise
        
allowed as a deduction in computing base income for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of the foreign person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the interest was paid, accrued, or incurred.
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such interest; or
                (ii) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person, during the same taxable
                
year, paid, accrued, or incurred, the interest to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
interest expense between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects an arm's-length interest rate and terms; or
                (iii) the taxpayer can establish, based on
            
clear and convincing evidence, that the interest paid, accrued, or incurred relates to a contract or agreement entered into at arm's-length rates and terms and the principal purpose for the payment is not federal or Illinois tax avoidance; or
                (iv) an item of interest paid, accrued, or
            
incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f).
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act; and
            (D-8) An amount equal to the amount of intangible
        
expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, to a foreign person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income pursuant to Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the intangible expenses and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred or accrued. The preceding sentence shall not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(d)(2)(D-7) of this Act. As used in this subparagraph, the term "intangible expenses and costs" includes (1) expenses, losses, and costs for, or related to, the direct or indirect acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange, or any other disposition of intangible property; (2) losses incurred, directly or indirectly, from factoring transactions or discounting transactions; (3) royalty, patent, technical, and copyright fees; (4) licensing fees; and (5) other similar expenses and costs. For purposes of this subparagraph, "intangible property" includes patents, patent applications, trade names, trademarks, service marks, copyrights, mask works, trade secrets, and similar types of intangible assets;
            This paragraph shall not apply to the following:
                (i) any item of intangible expenses
            
or costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person who is subject in a foreign country or state, other than a state which requires mandatory unitary reporting, to a tax on or measured by net income with respect to such item; or
                (ii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, if the taxpayer can establish, based on a preponderance of the evidence, both of the following:
                    (a) the person during the same taxable
                
year paid, accrued, or incurred, the intangible expense or cost to a person that is not a related member, and
                    (b) the transaction giving rise to the
                
intangible expense or cost between the taxpayer and the person did not have as a principal purpose the avoidance of Illinois income tax, and is paid pursuant to a contract or agreement that reflects arm's-length terms; or
                (iii) any item of intangible expense or
            
cost paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, from a transaction with a person if the taxpayer establishes by clear and convincing evidence, that the adjustments are unreasonable; or if the taxpayer and the Director agree in writing to the application or use of an alternative method of apportionment under Section 304(f);
                Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the
            
Director from making any other adjustment otherwise allowed under Section 404 of this Act for any tax year beginning after the effective date of this amendment provided such adjustment is made pursuant to regulation adopted by the Department and such regulations provide methods and standards by which the Department will utilize its authority under Section 404 of this Act;
            (D-9) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2008, an amount equal to the amount of insurance premium expenses and costs otherwise allowed as a deduction in computing base income, and that were paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304. The addition modification required by this subparagraph shall be reduced to the extent that dividends were included in base income of the unitary group for the same taxable year and received by the taxpayer or by a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group (including amounts included in gross income under Sections 951 through 964 of the Internal Revenue Code and amounts included in gross income under Section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code) with respect to the stock of the same person to whom the premiums and costs were directly or indirectly paid, incurred, or accrued. The preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the same dividends caused a reduction to the addition modification required under Section 203(d)(2)(D-7) or Section 203(d)(2)(D-8) of this Act;
            (D-10) An amount equal to the credit allowable to
        
the taxpayer under Section 218(a) of this Act, determined without regard to Section 218(c) of this Act;
    and by deducting from the total so obtained the following
    
amounts:
            (E) The valuation limitation amount;
            (F) An amount equal to the amount of any tax
        
imposed by this Act which was refunded to the taxpayer and included in such total for the taxable year;
            (G) An amount equal to all amounts included in
        
taxable income as modified by subparagraphs (A), (B), (C) and (D) which are exempt from taxation by this State either by reason of its statutes or Constitution or by reason of the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States; provided that, in the case of any statute of this State that exempts income derived from bonds or other obligations from the tax imposed under this Act, the amount exempted shall be the interest net of bond premium amortization;
            (H) Any income of the partnership which
        
constitutes personal service income as defined in Section 1348 (b) (1) of the Internal Revenue Code (as in effect December 31, 1981) or a reasonable allowance for compensation paid or accrued for services rendered by partners to the partnership, whichever is greater; this subparagraph (H) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (I) An amount equal to all amounts of income
        
distributable to an entity subject to the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act including amounts distributable to organizations exempt from federal income tax by reason of Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code; this subparagraph (I) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (J) With the exception of any amounts subtracted
        
under subparagraph (G), an amount equal to the sum of all amounts disallowed as deductions by (i) Sections 171(a) (2), and 265(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, and all amounts of expenses allocable to interest and disallowed as deductions by Section 265(1) of the Internal Revenue Code; and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after August 13, 1999, Sections 171(a)(2), 265, 280C, and 832(b)(5)(B)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus, (iii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2011, Section 45G(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, any amount included in gross income under Section 87 of the Internal Revenue Code; the provisions of this subparagraph are exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (K) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total which were paid by a corporation which conducts business operations in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones created under the River Edge Redevelopment Zone Act and conducts substantially all of its operations from a River Edge Redevelopment Zone or zones. This subparagraph (K) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (L) An amount equal to any contribution made to a
        
job training project established pursuant to the Real Property Tax Increment Allocation Redevelopment Act;
            (M) An amount equal to those dividends included
        
in such total that were paid by a corporation that conducts business operations in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or Sub-Zone and that is designated a High Impact Business located in Illinois; provided that dividends eligible for the deduction provided in subparagraph (K) of paragraph (2) of this subsection shall not be eligible for the deduction provided under this subparagraph (M);
            (N) An amount equal to the amount of the
        
deduction used to compute the federal income tax credit for restoration of substantial amounts held under claim of right for the taxable year pursuant to Section 1341 of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (O) For taxable years 2001 and thereafter, for
        
the taxable year in which the bonus depreciation deduction is taken on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code and for each applicable taxable year thereafter, an amount equal to "x", where:
                (1) "y" equals the amount of the depreciation
            
deduction taken for the taxable year on the taxpayer's federal income tax return on property for which the bonus depreciation deduction was taken in any year under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code, but not including the bonus depreciation deduction;
                (2) for taxable years ending on or before
            
December 31, 2005, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                (3) for taxable years ending after December
            
31, 2005:
                    (i) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 30% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 30 and then divided by 70 (or "y" multiplied by 0.429); and
                    (ii) for property on which a bonus
                
depreciation deduction of 50% of the adjusted basis was taken, "x" equals "y" multiplied by 1.0.
            The aggregate amount deducted under this
        
subparagraph in all taxable years for any one piece of property may not exceed the amount of the bonus depreciation deduction taken on that property on the taxpayer's federal income tax return under subsection (k) of Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code. This subparagraph (O) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250;
            (P) If the taxpayer sells, transfers, abandons,
        
or otherwise disposes of property for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-5), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            If the taxpayer continues to own property through
        
the last day of the last tax year for which the taxpayer may claim a depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes and for which the taxpayer was required in any taxable year to make an addition modification under subparagraph (D-5), then an amount equal to that addition modification.
            The taxpayer is allowed to take the deduction
        
under this subparagraph only once with respect to any one piece of property.
            This subparagraph (P) is exempt from the
        
provisions of Section 250;
            (Q) The amount of (i) any interest income (net of
        
the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-17), 203(b)(2)(E-12), 203(c)(2)(G-12), or 203(d)(2)(D-7), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification and (ii) any income from intangible property (net of the deductions allocable thereto) taken into account for the taxable year with respect to a transaction with a taxpayer that is required to make an addition modification with respect to such transaction under Section 203(a)(2)(D-18), 203(b)(2)(E-13), 203(c)(2)(G-13), or 203(d)(2)(D-8), but not to exceed the amount of such addition modification. This subparagraph (Q) is exempt from Section 250;
            (R) An amount equal to the interest income taken
        
into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(d)(2)(D-7) for interest paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same person. This subparagraph (R) is exempt from Section 250;
            (S) An amount equal to the income from intangible
        
property taken into account for the taxable year (net of the deductions allocable thereto) with respect to transactions with (i) a foreign person who would be a member of the taxpayer's unitary business group but for the fact that the foreign person's business activity outside the United States is 80% or more of that person's total business activity and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008, to a person who would be a member of the same unitary business group but for the fact that the person is prohibited under Section 1501(a)(27) from being included in the unitary business group because he or she is ordinarily required to apportion business income under different subsections of Section 304, but not to exceed the addition modification required to be made for the same taxable year under Section 203(d)(2)(D-8) for intangible expenses and costs paid, accrued, or incurred, directly or indirectly, to the same person. This subparagraph (S) is exempt from Section 250; and
            (T) For taxable years ending on or after
        
December 31, 2011, in the case of a taxpayer who was required to add back any insurance premiums under Section 203(d)(2)(D-9), such taxpayer may elect to subtract that part of a reimbursement received from the insurance company equal to the amount of the expense or loss (including expenses incurred by the insurance company) that would have been taken into account as a deduction for federal income tax purposes if the expense or loss had been uninsured. If a taxpayer makes the election provided for by this subparagraph (T), the insurer to which the premiums were paid must add back to income the amount subtracted by the taxpayer pursuant to this subparagraph (T). This subparagraph (T) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.

 
    (e) Gross income; adjusted gross income; taxable income.
        (1) In general. Subject to the provisions of
    
paragraph (2) and subsection (b) (3), for purposes of this Section and Section 803(e), a taxpayer's gross income, adjusted gross income, or taxable income for the taxable year shall mean the amount of gross income, adjusted gross income or taxable income properly reportable for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Taxable income may be less than zero. However, for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1986, net operating loss carryforwards from taxable years ending prior to December 31, 1986, may not exceed the sum of federal taxable income for the taxable year before net operating loss deduction, plus the excess of addition modifications over subtraction modifications for the taxable year. For taxable years ending prior to December 31, 1986, taxable income may never be an amount in excess of the net operating loss for the taxable year as defined in subsections (c) and (d) of Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, provided that when taxable income of a corporation (other than a Subchapter S corporation), trust, or estate is less than zero and addition modifications, other than those provided by subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) of subsection (b) for corporations or subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) of subsection (c) for trusts and estates, exceed subtraction modifications, an addition modification must be made under those subparagraphs for any other taxable year to which the taxable income less than zero (net operating loss) is applied under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code or under subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) of this subsection (e) applied in conjunction with Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.
        (2) Special rule. For purposes of paragraph (1) of
    
this subsection, the taxable income properly reportable for federal income tax purposes shall mean:
            (A) Certain life insurance companies. In the
        
case of a life insurance company subject to the tax imposed by Section 801 of the Internal Revenue Code, life insurance company taxable income, plus the amount of distribution from pre-1984 policyholder surplus accounts as calculated under Section 815a of the Internal Revenue Code;
            (B) Certain other insurance companies. In the
        
case of mutual insurance companies subject to the tax imposed by Section 831 of the Internal Revenue Code, insurance company taxable income;
            (C) Regulated investment companies. In the case
        
of a regulated investment company subject to the tax imposed by Section 852 of the Internal Revenue Code, investment company taxable income;
            (D) Real estate investment trusts. In the case
        
of a real estate investment trust subject to the tax imposed by Section 857 of the Internal Revenue Code, real estate investment trust taxable income;
            (E) Consolidated corporations. In the case of a
        
corporation which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations filing a consolidated income tax return for the taxable year for federal income tax purposes, taxable income determined as if such corporation had filed a separate return for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year and each preceding taxable year for which it was a member of an affiliated group. For purposes of this subparagraph, the taxpayer's separate taxable income shall be determined as if the election provided by Section 243(b) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code had been in effect for all such years;
            (F) Cooperatives. In the case of a cooperative
        
corporation or association, the taxable income of such organization determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 1381 through 1388 of the Internal Revenue Code, but without regard to the prohibition against offsetting losses from patronage activities against income from nonpatronage activities; except that a cooperative corporation or association may make an election to follow its federal income tax treatment of patronage losses and nonpatronage losses. In the event such election is made, such losses shall be computed and carried over in a manner consistent with subsection (a) of Section 207 of this Act and apportioned by the apportionment factor reported by the cooperative on its Illinois income tax return filed for the taxable year in which the losses are incurred. The election shall be effective for all taxable years with original returns due on or after the date of the election. In addition, the cooperative may file an amended return or returns, as allowed under this Act, to provide that the election shall be effective for losses incurred or carried forward for taxable years occurring prior to the date of the election. Once made, the election may only be revoked upon approval of the Director. The Department shall adopt rules setting forth requirements for documenting the elections and any resulting Illinois net loss and the standards to be used by the Director in evaluating requests to revoke elections. Public Act 96-932 is declaratory of existing law;
            (G) Subchapter S corporations. In the case of:
        
(i) a Subchapter S corporation for which there is in effect an election for the taxable year under Section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code, the taxable income of such corporation determined in accordance with Section 1363(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that taxable income shall take into account those items which are required by Section 1363(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code to be separately stated; and (ii) a Subchapter S corporation for which there is in effect a federal election to opt out of the provisions of the Subchapter S Revision Act of 1982 and have applied instead the prior federal Subchapter S rules as in effect on July 1, 1982, the taxable income of such corporation determined in accordance with the federal Subchapter S rules as in effect on July 1, 1982; and
            (H) Partnerships. In the case of a partnership,
        
taxable income determined in accordance with Section 703 of the Internal Revenue Code, except that taxable income shall take into account those items which are required by Section 703(a)(1) to be separately stated but which would be taken into account by an individual in calculating his taxable income.
        (3) Recapture of business expenses on disposition of
    
asset or business. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, if in prior years income from an asset or business has been classified as business income and in a later year is demonstrated to be non-business income, then all expenses, without limitation, deducted in such later year and in the 2 immediately preceding taxable years related to that asset or business that generated the non-business income shall be added back and recaptured as business income in the year of the disposition of the asset or business. Such amount shall be apportioned to Illinois using the greater of the apportionment fraction computed for the business under Section 304 of this Act for the taxable year or the average of the apportionment fractions computed for the business under Section 304 of this Act for the taxable year and for the 2 immediately preceding taxable years.

 
    (f) Valuation limitation amount.
        (1) In general. The valuation limitation amount
    
referred to in subsections (a) (2) (G), (c) (2) (I) and (d)(2) (E) is an amount equal to:
            (A) The sum of the pre-August 1, 1969
        
appreciation amounts (to the extent consisting of gain reportable under the provisions of Section 1245 or 1250 of the Internal Revenue Code) for all property in respect of which such gain was reported for the taxable year; plus
            (B) The lesser of (i) the sum of the pre-August
        
1, 1969 appreciation amounts (to the extent consisting of capital gain) for all property in respect of which such gain was reported for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year, or (ii) the net capital gain for the taxable year, reduced in either case by any amount of such gain included in the amount determined under subsection (a) (2) (F) or (c) (2) (H).
        (2) Pre-August 1, 1969 appreciation amount.
            (A) If the fair market value of property referred
        
to in paragraph (1) was readily ascertainable on August 1, 1969, the pre-August 1, 1969 appreciation amount for such property is the lesser of (i) the excess of such fair market value over the taxpayer's basis (for determining gain) for such property on that date (determined under the Internal Revenue Code as in effect on that date), or (ii) the total gain realized and reportable for federal income tax purposes in respect of the sale, exchange or other disposition of such property.
            (B) If the fair market value of property referred
        
to in paragraph (1) was not readily ascertainable on August 1, 1969, the pre-August 1, 1969 appreciation amount for such property is that amount which bears the same ratio to the total gain reported in respect of the property for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year, as the number of full calendar months in that part of the taxpayer's holding period for the property ending July 31, 1969 bears to the number of full calendar months in the taxpayer's entire holding period for the property.
            (C) The Department shall prescribe such
        
regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this paragraph.

 
    (g) Double deductions. Unless specifically provided otherwise, nothing in this Section shall permit the same item to be deducted more than once.
 
    (h) Legislative intention. Except as expressly provided by this Section there shall be no modifications or limitations on the amounts of income, gain, loss or deduction taken into account in determining gross income, adjusted gross income or taxable income for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year, or in the amount of such items entering into the computation of base income and net income under this Act for such taxable year, whether in respect of property values as of August 1, 1969 or otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 96-45, eff. 7-15-09; 96-120, eff. 8-4-09; 96-198, eff. 8-10-09; 96-328, eff. 8-11-09; 96-520, eff. 8-14-09; 96-835, eff. 12-16-09; 96-932, eff. 1-1-11; 96-935, eff. 6-21-10; 96-1214, eff. 7-22-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 97-905, eff. 8-7-12.)

35 ILCS 5/204

    (35 ILCS 5/204) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-204)
    Sec. 204. Standard Exemption.
    (a) Allowance of exemption. In computing net income under this Act, there shall be allowed as an exemption the sum of the amounts determined under subsections (b), (c) and (d), multiplied by a fraction the numerator of which is the amount of the taxpayer's base income allocable to this State for the taxable year and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total base income for the taxable year.
    (b) Basic amount. For the purpose of subsection (a) of this Section, except as provided by subsection (a) of Section 205 and in this subsection, each taxpayer shall be allowed a basic amount of $1000, except that for corporations the basic amount shall be zero for tax years ending on or after December 31, 2003, and for individuals the basic amount shall be:
        (1) for taxable years ending on or after December 31,
    
1998 and prior to December 31, 1999, $1,300;
        (2) for taxable years ending on or after December 31,
    
1999 and prior to December 31, 2000, $1,650;
        (3) for taxable years ending on or after December 31,
    
2000 and prior to December 31, 2012, $2,000;
        (4) for taxable years ending on or after December 31,
    
2012 and prior to December 31, 2013, $2,050;
        (5) for taxable years ending on or after December
    
31, 2013, $2,050 plus the cost-of-living adjustment under subsection (d-5).
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1992, a taxpayer whose Illinois base income exceeds the basic amount and who is claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return under the Internal Revenue Code shall not be allowed any basic amount under this subsection.
    (c) Additional amount for individuals. In the case of an individual taxpayer, there shall be allowed for the purpose of subsection (a), in addition to the basic amount provided by subsection (b), an additional exemption equal to the basic amount for each exemption in excess of one allowable to such individual taxpayer for the taxable year under Section 151 of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (d) Additional exemptions for an individual taxpayer and his or her spouse. In the case of an individual taxpayer and his or her spouse, he or she shall each be allowed additional exemptions as follows:
        (1) Additional exemption for taxpayer or spouse 65
    
years of age or older.
            (A) For taxpayer. An additional exemption of
        
$1,000 for the taxpayer if he or she has attained the age of 65 before the end of the taxable year.
            (B) For spouse when a joint return is not filed.
        
An additional exemption of $1,000 for the spouse of the taxpayer if a joint return is not made by the taxpayer and his spouse, and if the spouse has attained the age of 65 before the end of such taxable year, and, for the calendar year in which the taxable year of the taxpayer begins, has no gross income and is not the dependent of another taxpayer.
        (2) Additional exemption for blindness of taxpayer or
    
spouse.
            (A) For taxpayer. An additional exemption of
        
$1,000 for the taxpayer if he or she is blind at the end of the taxable year.
            (B) For spouse when a joint return is not filed.
        
An additional exemption of $1,000 for the spouse of the taxpayer if a separate return is made by the taxpayer, and if the spouse is blind and, for the calendar year in which the taxable year of the taxpayer begins, has no gross income and is not the dependent of another taxpayer. For purposes of this paragraph, the determination of whether the spouse is blind shall be made as of the end of the taxable year of the taxpayer; except that if the spouse dies during such taxable year such determination shall be made as of the time of such death.
            (C) Blindness defined. For purposes of this
        
subsection, an individual is blind only if his or her central visual acuity does not exceed 20/200 in the better eye with correcting lenses, or if his or her visual acuity is greater than 20/200 but is accompanied by a limitation in the fields of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual fields subtends an angle no greater than 20 degrees.
    (d-5) Cost-of-living adjustment. For purposes of item (5) of subsection (b), the cost-of-living adjustment for any calendar year and for taxable years ending prior to the end of the subsequent calendar year is equal to $2,050 times the percentage (if any) by which:
        (1) the Consumer Price Index for the preceding
    
calendar year, exceeds
        (2) the Consumer Price Index for the calendar year
    
2011.
    The Consumer Price Index for any calendar year is the average of the Consumer Price Index as of the close of the 12-month period ending on August 31 of that calendar year.
    The term "Consumer Price Index" means the last Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the United States Department of Labor or any successor agency.
    If any cost-of-living adjustment is not a multiple of $25, that adjustment shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $25.
    (e) Cross reference. See Article 3 for the manner of determining base income allocable to this State.
    (f) Application of Section 250. Section 250 does not apply to the amendments to this Section made by Public Act 90-613.
(Source: P.A. 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 97-652, eff. 6-1-12.)

35 ILCS 5/205

    (35 ILCS 5/205) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-205)
    Sec. 205. Exempt organizations.
    (a) Charitable, etc. organizations. The base income of an organization which is exempt from the federal income tax by reason of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be determined under section 203 of this Act, but shall be its unrelated business taxable income as determined under section 512 of the Internal Revenue Code, without any deduction for the tax imposed by this Act. The standard exemption provided by section 204 of this Act shall not be allowed in determining the net income of an organization to which this subsection applies.
    (b) Partnerships. A partnership as such shall not be subject to the tax imposed by subsection 201 (a) and (b) of this Act, but shall be subject to the replacement tax imposed by subsection 201 (c) and (d) of this Act and shall compute its base income as described in subsection (d) of Section 203 of this Act. For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2004, an investment partnership, as defined in Section 1501(a)(11.5) of this Act, shall not be subject to the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act. A partnership shall file such returns and other information at such time and in such manner as may be required under Article 5 of this Act. The partners in a partnership shall be liable for the replacement tax imposed by subsection 201 (c) and (d) of this Act on such partnership, to the extent such tax is not paid by the partnership, as provided under the laws of Illinois governing the liability of partners for the obligations of a partnership. Persons carrying on business as partners shall be liable for the tax imposed by subsection 201 (a) and (b) of this Act only in their separate or individual capacities.
    (c) Subchapter S corporations. A Subchapter S corporation shall not be subject to the tax imposed by subsection 201 (a) and (b) of this Act but shall be subject to the replacement tax imposed by subsection 201 (c) and (d) of this Act and shall file such returns and other information at such time and in such manner as may be required under Article 5 of this Act.
    (d) Combat zone, terrorist attack, and certain other deaths. An individual relieved from the federal income tax for any taxable year by reason of section 692 of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be subject to the tax imposed by this Act for such taxable year.
    (e) Certain trusts. A common trust fund described in Section 584 of the Internal Revenue Code, and any other trust to the extent that the grantor is treated as the owner thereof under sections 671 through 678 of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be subject to the tax imposed by this Act.
    (f) Certain business activities. A person not otherwise subject to the tax imposed by this Act shall not become subject to the tax imposed by this Act by reason of:
        (1) that person's ownership of tangible personal
    
property located at the premises of a printer in this State with which the person has contracted for printing, or
        (2) activities of the person's employees or agents
    
located solely at the premises of a printer and related to quality control, distribution, or printing services performed by a printer in the State with which the person has contracted for printing.
    (g) A nonprofit risk organization that holds a certificate of authority under Article VIID of the Illinois Insurance Code is exempt from the tax imposed under this Act with respect to its activities or operations in furtherance of the powers conferred upon it under that Article VIID of the Illinois Insurance Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-507, eff. 8-23-11.)

35 ILCS 5/206

    (35 ILCS 5/206) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-206)
    Sec. 206. Tax credits for coal research and coal utilization equipment.
    (a) Until January 1, 2005, each corporation subject to this Act shall be entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 20% of the amount donated to the Illinois Center for Research on Sulfur in Coal.
    (b) Until January 1, 2005, each corporation subject to this Act shall be entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 5% of the amount spent during the taxable year by the corporation on equipment purchased for the purpose of maintaining or increasing the use of Illinois coal at any Illinois facility owned, leased or operated by the corporation. Such equipment shall be limited to direct coal combustion equipment and pollution control equipment necessary thereto. For purposes of this credit, the amount spent on qualifying equipment shall be defined as the basis of the equipment used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal income tax purposes.
    For tax years ending on or after December 31, 1987, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the amount is donated or the equipment purchased is placed in service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit years. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year that is available to offset a liability, earlier credit shall be applied first.
(Source: P.A. 88-599, eff. 9-1-94.)

35 ILCS 5/207

    (35 ILCS 5/207) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-207)
    Sec. 207. Net Losses.
    (a) If after applying all of the (i) modifications provided for in paragraph (2) of Section 203(b), paragraph (2) of Section 203(c) and paragraph (2) of Section 203(d) and (ii) the allocation and apportionment provisions of Article 3 of this Act and subsection (c) of this Section, the taxpayer's net income results in a loss;
        (1) for any taxable year ending prior to December 31,
    
1999, such loss shall be allowed as a carryover or carryback deduction in the manner allowed under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code;
        (2) for any taxable year ending on or after December
    
31, 1999 and prior to December 31, 2003, such loss shall be allowed as a carryback to each of the 2 taxable years preceding the taxable year of such loss and shall be a net operating loss carryover to each of the 20 taxable years following the taxable year of such loss; and
        (3) for any taxable year ending on or after December
    
31, 2003, such loss shall be allowed as a net operating loss carryover to each of the 12 taxable years following the taxable year of such loss, except as provided in subsection (d).
    (a-5) Election to relinquish carryback and order of application of losses.
            (A) For losses incurred in tax years ending prior
        
to December 31, 2003, the taxpayer may elect to relinquish the entire carryback period with respect to such loss. Such election shall be made in the form and manner prescribed by the Department and shall be made by the due date (including extensions of time) for filing the taxpayer's return for the taxable year in which such loss is incurred, and such election, once made, shall be irrevocable.
            (B) The entire amount of such loss shall be
        
carried to the earliest taxable year to which such loss may be carried. The amount of such loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of such loss over the sum of the deductions for carryback or carryover of such loss allowable for each of the prior taxable years to which such loss may be carried.
    (b) Any loss determined under subsection (a) of this Section must be carried back or carried forward in the same manner for purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act as for purposes of subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act.
    (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, for each taxable year ending on or after December 31, 2008, for purposes of computing the loss for the taxable year under subsection (a) of this Section and the deduction taken into account for the taxable year for a net operating loss carryover under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) of this Section, the loss and net operating loss carryover shall be reduced in an amount equal to the reduction to the net operating loss and net operating loss carryover to the taxable year, respectively, required under Section 108(b)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of discharge of indebtedness income that is excluded from gross income for the taxable year (but only if the taxable year ends on or after December 31, 2008) under Section 108(a) of the Internal Revenue Code and that would have been allocated and apportioned to this State under Article 3 of this Act but for that exclusion, and the denominator of which is the total amount of discharge of indebtedness income excluded from gross income under Section 108(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for the taxable year. The reduction required under this subsection (c) shall be made after the determination of Illinois net income for the taxable year in which the indebtedness is discharged.
    (d) In the case of a corporation (other than a Subchapter S corporation), no carryover deduction shall be allowed under this Section for any taxable year ending after December 31, 2010 and prior to December 31, 2012, and no carryover deduction shall exceed $100,000 for any taxable year ending on or after December 31, 2012 and prior to December 31, 2014; provided that, for purposes of determining the taxable years to which a net loss may be carried under subsection (a) of this Section, no taxable year for which a deduction is disallowed under this subsection, or for which the deduction would exceed $100,000 if not for this subsection, shall be counted.
    (e) In the case of a residual interest holder in a real estate mortgage investment conduit subject to Section 860E of the Internal Revenue Code, the net loss in subsection (a) shall be equal to:
        (1) the amount computed under subsection (a),
    
without regard to this subsection (e), or if that amount is positive, zero;
        (2) minus an amount equal to the amount computed
    
under subsection (a), without regard to this subsection (e), minus the amount that would be computed under subsection (a) if the taxpayer's federal taxable income were computed without regard to Section 860E of the Internal Revenue Code and without regard to this subsection (e).
    The modification in this subsection (e) is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
(Source: P.A. 96-1496, eff. 1-13-11; 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 97-636, eff. 6-1-12.)

35 ILCS 5/208

    (35 ILCS 5/208) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-208)
    Sec. 208. Tax credit for residential real property taxes. Beginning with tax years ending on or after December 31, 1991, every individual taxpayer shall be entitled to a tax credit equal to 5% of real property taxes paid by such taxpayer during the taxable year on the principal residence of the taxpayer. In the case of multi-unit or multi-use structures and farm dwellings, the taxes on the taxpayer's principal residence shall be that portion of the total taxes which is attributable to such principal residence.
(Source: P.A. 87-17.)

35 ILCS 5/208.1

    (35 ILCS 5/208.1)
    Sec. 208.1. Homeowners' Tax Relief rebate.
    (a) The Department shall pay a rebate to taxpayers in the amount of the Illinois income tax credit allowed under Section 208 with respect to the taxpayer's 1999 Illinois income tax return for residential real property taxes paid on the principal residence of the taxpayer. The rebate shall not, however, exceed $300 per principal residence. The rebate shall be paid to all eligible taxpayers who have filed a 1999 Illinois income tax return on or before October 17, 2000.
    (b) Before June 30, 2000, the Comptroller shall order transferred and the Treasurer shall transfer $280,000,000 from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund to the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury. Subject to appropriation, the Department shall make the rebate payments out of the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund.
    (c) The Department shall certify the names of the taxpayers whose returns were filed on or before July 17, 2000 and the rebate amounts to the Comptroller by August 15, 2000. The Comptroller shall mail the rebate warrants to these taxpayers by October 17, 2000.
    (d) The Department shall certify the names of the taxpayers whose returns were filed after July 17, 2000 and on or before October 17, 2000 and the rebate amounts to the Comptroller by November 17, 2000. The Comptroller shall mail the rebate warrants to these taxpayers by December 15, 2000.
    (e) Any unencumbered amount in the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund on January 1, 2001 shall be transferred to the Budget Stabilization Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury, and any amount remaining in the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund on July 1, 2001 shall be transferred to the Budget Stabilization Fund.
(Source: P.A. 91-703, eff. 5-16-00.)

35 ILCS 5/209

    (35 ILCS 5/209)
    Sec. 209. Tax Credit for "TECH-PREP" youth vocational programs.
    (a) Beginning with tax years ending on or after June 30, 1995, every taxpayer who is primarily engaged in manufacturing is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 20% of the taxpayer's direct payroll expenditures for which a credit has not already been claimed under subsection (j) of Section 201 of this Act, in the tax year for which the credit is claimed, for cooperative secondary school youth vocational programs in Illinois which are certified as qualifying TECH-PREP programs by the State Board of Education because the programs prepare students to be technically skilled workers and meet the performance standards of business and industry and the admission standards of higher education. The credit may also be claimed for personal services rendered to the taxpayer by a TECH-PREP student or instructor (i) which would be subject to the provisions of Article 7 of this Act if the student or instructor was an employee of the taxpayer and (ii) for which no credit under this Section is claimed by another taxpayer.
    (b) If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 2 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (c) A taxpayer claiming the credit provided by this Section shall maintain and record such information regarding its participation in a qualifying TECH-PREP program as the Department may require by regulation. When claiming the credit provided by this Section, the taxpayer shall provide such information regarding the taxpayer's participation in a qualifying TECH-PREP program as the Department of Revenue may require by regulation.
    (d) This Section does not apply to those programs with national standards that have been or in the future are approved by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Apprenticeship Training or any federal agency succeeding to the responsibilities of that Bureau.
(Source: P.A. 92-846, eff. 8-23-02.)

35 ILCS 5/210

    (35 ILCS 5/210)
    Sec. 210. Dependent care assistance program tax credit.
    (a) Beginning with tax years ending on or after June 30, 1995, each taxpayer who is primarily engaged in manufacturing is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 5% of the amount of expenditures by the taxpayer in the tax year for which the credit is claimed, reported pursuant to Section 129(d)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code, to provide in the Illinois premises of the taxpayer's workplace an on-site facility dependent care assistance program under Section 129 of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (b) If the amount of credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 2 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (c) A taxpayer claiming the credit provided by this Section shall maintain and record such information as the Department may require by regulation regarding the dependent care assistance program for which credit is claimed. When claiming the credit provided by this Section, the taxpayer shall provide such information regarding the taxpayer's provision of a dependent care assistance program under Section 129 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(Source: P.A. 88-505.)

35 ILCS 5/210.5

    (35 ILCS 5/210.5)
    Sec. 210.5. Tax credit for employee child care.
    (a) Each corporate taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to (i) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2000 and on or before December 31, 2004 and for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2007, 30% of the start-up costs expended by the corporate taxpayer to provide a child care facility for the children of its employees and (ii) for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2000, 5% of the annual amount paid by the corporate taxpayer in providing the child care facility for the children of its employees. The provisions of Section 250 do not apply to the credits allowed under this Section. If the 5% credit authorized under item (ii) of this subsection is claimed, the 5% credit authorized under Section 210 cannot also be claimed.
    To receive the tax credit under this Section a corporate taxpayer may either independently provide and operate a child care facility for the children of its employees or it may join in a partnership with one or more other corporations to jointly provide and operate a child care facility for the children of employees of the corporations in the partnership.
    (b) The tax credit may not reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero. If the amount of the tax credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit must be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, then the earlier credit must be applied first.
    (c) As used in this Section, "start-up costs" means planning, site-preparation, construction, renovation, or acquisition of a child care facility. As used in this Section, "child care facility" is limited to a child care facility located in Illinois.
    (d) A corporate taxpayer claiming the credit provided by this Section shall maintain and record such information as the Department may require by rule regarding the child care facility for which the credit is claimed.
(Source: P.A. 95-648, eff. 10-11-07.)

35 ILCS 5/211

    (35 ILCS 5/211)
    Sec. 211. Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit. For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 1999, a Taxpayer who has entered into an Agreement under the Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Act is entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount to be determined in the Agreement. If the Taxpayer is a partnership or Subchapter S corporation, the credit shall be allowed to the partners or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. The Department, in cooperation with the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, shall prescribe rules to enforce and administer the provisions of this Section. This Section is exempt from the provisions of Section 250 of this Act.
    The credit shall be subject to the conditions set forth in the Agreement and the following limitations:
        (1) The tax credit shall not exceed the Incremental
    
Income Tax (as defined in Section 5-5 of the Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Act) with respect to the project.
        (2) The amount of the credit allowed during the tax
    
year plus the sum of all amounts allowed in prior years shall not exceed 100% of the aggregate amount expended by the Taxpayer during all prior tax years on approved costs defined by Agreement.
        (3) The amount of the credit shall be determined on
    
an annual basis. Except as applied in a carryover year pursuant to Section 211(4) of this Act, the credit may not be applied against any State income tax liability in more than 10 taxable years; provided, however, that (i) an eligible business certified by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity under the Corporate Headquarters Relocation Act may not apply the credit against any of its State income tax liability in more than 15 taxable years and (ii) credits allowed to that eligible business are subject to the conditions and requirements set forth in Sections 5-35 and 5-45 of the Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Act.
        (4) The credit may not exceed the amount of taxes
    
imposed pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act. Any credit that is unused in the year the credit is computed may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
        (5) No credit shall be allowed with respect to any
    
Agreement for any taxable year ending after the Noncompliance Date. Upon receiving notification by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity of the noncompliance of a Taxpayer with an Agreement, the Department shall notify the Taxpayer that no credit is allowed with respect to that Agreement for any taxable year ending after the Noncompliance Date, as stated in such notification. If any credit has been allowed with respect to an Agreement for a taxable year ending after the Noncompliance Date for that Agreement, any refund paid to the Taxpayer for that taxable year shall, to the extent of that credit allowed, be an erroneous refund within the meaning of Section 912 of this Act.
        (6) For purposes of this Section, the terms
    
"Agreement", "Incremental Income Tax", and "Noncompliance Date" have the same meaning as when used in the Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Act.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)

35 ILCS 5/212

    (35 ILCS 5/212)
    Sec. 212. Earned income tax credit.
    (a) With respect to the federal earned income tax credit allowed for the taxable year under Section 32 of the federal Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 32, each individual taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to (i) 5% of the federal tax credit for each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2000 and ending prior to December 31, 2012, (ii) 7.5% of the federal tax credit for each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2012 and ending prior to December 31, 2013, and (iii) 10% of the federal tax credit for each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2013.
    For a non-resident or part-year resident, the amount of the credit under this Section shall be in proportion to the amount of income attributable to this State.
    (b) For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2003, in no event shall a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero. For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2003, if the amount of the credit exceeds the income tax liability for the applicable tax year, then the excess credit shall be refunded to the taxpayer. The amount of a refund shall not be included in the taxpayer's income or resources for the purposes of determining eligibility or benefit level in any means-tested benefit program administered by a governmental entity unless required by federal law.
    (c) This Section is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
(Source: P.A. 97-652, eff. 6-1-12.)

35 ILCS 5/213

    (35 ILCS 5/213)
    Sec. 213. Film production services credit. For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2004, a taxpayer who has been awarded a tax credit under the Film Production Services Tax Credit Act or under the Film Production Services Tax Credit Act of 2008 is entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount determined by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity under those Acts. If the taxpayer is a partnership or Subchapter S corporation, the credit is allowed to the partners or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    A transfer of this credit may be made by the taxpayer earning the credit within one year after the credit is awarded in accordance with rules adopted by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
    The Department, in cooperation with the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, must prescribe rules to enforce and administer the provisions of this Section. This Section is exempt from the provisions of Section 250 of this Act.
    The credit may not be carried back. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first. In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero.
(Source: P.A. 94-171, eff. 7-11-05; 95-720, eff. 5-27-08.)

35 ILCS 5/214

    (35 ILCS 5/214)
    Sec. 214. Tax credit for affordable housing donations.
    (a) Beginning with taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2001 and until the taxable year ending on December 31, 2016, a taxpayer who makes a donation under Section 7.28 of the Illinois Housing Development Act is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 50% of the value of the donation. Partners, shareholders of subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies (if the limited liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation) are entitled to a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 703 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. Persons or entities not subject to the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 and who make a donation under Section 7.28 of the Illinois Housing Development Act are entitled to a credit as described in this subsection and may transfer that credit as described in subsection (c).
    (b) If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The tax credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits for more than one year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (c) The transfer of the tax credit allowed under this Section may be made (i) to the purchaser of land that has been designated solely for affordable housing projects in accordance with the Illinois Housing Development Act or (ii) to another donor who has also made a donation in accordance with Section 7.28 of the Illinois Housing Development Act.
    (d) A taxpayer claiming the credit provided by this Section must maintain and record any information that the Department may require by regulation regarding the project for which the credit is claimed. When claiming the credit provided by this Section, the taxpayer must provide information regarding the taxpayer's donation to the project under the Illinois Housing Development Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1276, eff. 7-26-10; 97-507, eff. 8-23-11.)

35 ILCS 5/215

    (35 ILCS 5/215)
    Sec. 215. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-23, eff. 6-20-03. Repealed by P.A. 93-1033, eff. 9-3-04.)

35 ILCS 5/216

    (35 ILCS 5/216)
    Sec. 216. Credit for wages paid to ex-felons.
    (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2007, each taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount equal to 5% of qualified wages paid by the taxpayer during the taxable year to one or more Illinois residents who are qualified ex-offenders. The total credit allowed to a taxpayer with respect to each qualified ex-offender may not exceed $1,500 for all taxable years. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (b) For purposes of this Section, "qualified wages":
        (1) includes only wages that are subject to federal
    
unemployment tax under Section 3306 of the Internal Revenue Code, without regard to any dollar limitation contained in that Section;
        (2) does not include any amounts paid or incurred by
    
an employer for any period to any qualified ex-offender for whom the employer receives federally funded payments for on-the-job training of that qualified ex-offender for that period; and
        (3) includes only wages attributable to service
    
rendered during the one-year period beginning with the day the qualified ex-offender begins work for the employer.
    If the taxpayer has received any payment from a program established under Section 482(e)(1) of the federal Social Security Act with respect to a qualified ex-offender, then, for purposes of calculating the credit under this Section, the amount of the qualified wages paid to that qualified ex-offender must be reduced by the amount of the payment.
    (c) For purposes of this Section, "qualified ex-offender" means any person who:
        (1) has been convicted of a crime in this State or of
    
an offense in any other jurisdiction, not including any offense or attempted offense that would subject a person to registration under the Sex Offender Registration Act;
        (2) was sentenced to a period of incarceration in an
    
Illinois adult correctional center; and
        (3) was hired by the taxpayer within 3 years after
    
being released from an Illinois adult correctional center.
    (d) In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The tax credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits for more than one year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (e) This Section is exempt from the provisions of Section 250.
(Source: P.A. 98-165, eff. 8-5-13.)

35 ILCS 5/217

    (35 ILCS 5/217)
    Sec. 217. Credit for wages paid to qualified veterans.
    (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2007 and ending on or before December 30, 2010, each taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount equal to 5%, but in no event to exceed $600, of the gross wages paid by the taxpayer to a qualified veteran in the course of that veteran's sustained employment during the taxable year. For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2010, each taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount equal to 10%, but in no event to exceed $1,200, of the gross wages paid by the taxpayer to a qualified veteran in the course of that veteran's sustained employment during the taxable year. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (b) For purposes of this Section:
    "Qualified veteran" means an Illinois resident who: (i) was a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, a member of the Illinois National Guard, or a member of any reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States; (ii) served on active duty in connection with Operation Desert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom, or Operation Iraqi Freedom; (iii) has provided, to the taxpayer, documentation showing that he or she was honorably discharged; and (iv) was initially hired by the taxpayer on or after January 1, 2007.
    "Sustained employment" means a period of employment that is not less than 185 days during the taxable year.
    (c) In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The tax credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits for more than one year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (d) A taxpayer who claims a credit under this Section for a taxable year with respect to a veteran shall not be allowed a credit under Section 217.1 of this Act with respect to the same veteran for that taxable year.
(Source: P.A. 96-101, eff. 1-1-10; 97-767, eff. 7-9-12.)

35 ILCS 5/217.1

    (35 ILCS 5/217.1)
    Sec. 217.1. Credit for wages paid to qualified unemployed veterans.
    (a) For each taxable year ending on or after December 31, 2012 and on or before December 31, 2016, each taxpayer is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in the amount equal to 20%, but in no event to exceed $5,000, of the gross wages paid by the taxpayer to a qualified veteran in the course of that veteran's sustained employment during each taxable year ending on or after the date of hire by the taxpayer if that veteran was unemployed for an aggregate period of 4 weeks or more during the 6-week period ending on the Saturday immediately preceding the date he or she was hired by the taxpayer. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for the purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Qualified veteran" means an Illinois resident who: (i) was a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, a member of the Illinois National Guard, or a member of any reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States; (ii) served on active duty on or after September 11, 2001; (iii) has provided, to the taxpayer, documentation showing that he or she was honorably discharged; and (iv) was initially hired by the taxpayer on or after June 1, 2012.
    "Sustained employment" means (i) a period of employment that is not less than 185 days following the date of hire or (ii) in the case of a veteran who was unemployed for an aggregate period of 6 months or more during the one-year period ending on the date the veteran was hired by the taxpayer, a period of employment that is more than 30 days following the date of hire. The period of sustained employment may be completed after the end of the taxable year in which the veteran is hired.
    A veteran is "unemployed" for a week if he or she (i) has received unemployment benefits (as defined in Section 202 of the Unemployment Insurance Act, including but not limited to federally funded unemployment benefits) for the week, or (ii) has not been employed since being honorably discharged.
    (c) In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce a taxpayer's liability to less than zero. If the amount of credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability for the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The tax credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits for more than one year that are available to offset liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (d) A taxpayer who claims a credit under this Section for a taxable year with respect to a veteran shall not be allowed a credit under Section 217 of this Act with respect to the same veteran for that taxable year.
(Source: P.A. 97-767, eff. 7-9-12.)

35 ILCS 5/218

    (35 ILCS 5/218)
    Sec. 218. Credit for student-assistance contributions.
    (a) For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2009 and on or before December 30, 2020, each taxpayer who, during the taxable year, makes a contribution (i) to a specified individual College Savings Pool Account under Section 16.5 of the State Treasurer Act or (ii) to the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Trust Fund in an amount matching a contribution made in the same taxable year by an employee of the taxpayer to that Account or Fund is entitled to a credit against the tax imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 25% of that matching contribution, but not to exceed $500 per contributing employee per taxable year.
    (b) For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation, there is allowed a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (c) The credit may not be carried back. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The tax credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits for more than one year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first.
    (d) A taxpayer claiming the credit under this Section must maintain and record any information that the Illinois Student Assistance Commission, the Office of the State Treasurer, or the Department may require regarding the matching contribution for which the credit is claimed.
(Source: P.A. 96-198, eff. 8-10-09.)

35 ILCS 5/219

    (35 ILCS 5/219)
    Sec. 219. Historic preservation credit. For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2010 and ending on or before December 31, 2015, a taxpayer who qualifies for a credit under the Historic Preservation Tax Credit Pilot Program Act is entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act as provided in that Act. If the taxpayer is a partnership or Subchapter S corporation, the credit shall be allowed to the partners or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    If the amount of any tax credit awarded under this Section exceeds the qualified taxpayer's income tax liability for the year in which the qualified rehabilitation plan was placed in service, the excess amount may be carried forward or back as provided in the Historic Preservation Tax Credit Pilot Program Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-933, eff. 6-21-10.)

35 ILCS 5/220

    (35 ILCS 5/220)
    Sec. 220. Angel investment credit.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Applicant" means a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, or a natural person that makes an investment in a qualified new business venture. The term "applicant" does not include a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, or a natural person who has a direct or indirect ownership interest of at least 51% in the profits, capital, or value of the investment or a related member.
    "Claimant" means an applicant certified by the Department who files a claim for a credit under this Section.
    "Department" means the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
    "Qualified new business venture" means a business that is registered with the Department under this Section.
    "Related member" means a person that, with respect to the investment, is any one of the following:
        (1) An individual, if the individual and the members
    
of the individual's family (as defined in Section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code) own directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively, in the aggregate, at least 50% of the value of the outstanding profits, capital, stock, or other ownership interest in the applicant.
        (2) A partnership, estate, or trust and any partner
    
or beneficiary, if the partnership, estate, or trust and its partners or beneficiaries own directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively, in the aggregate, at least 50% of the profits, capital, stock, or other ownership interest in the applicant.
        (3) A corporation, and any party related to the
    
corporation in a manner that would require an attribution of stock from the corporation under the attribution rules of Section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code, if the applicant and any other related member own, in the aggregate, directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively, at least 50% of the value of the corporation's outstanding stock.
        (4) A corporation and any party related to that
    
corporation in a manner that would require an attribution of stock from the corporation to the party or from the party to the corporation under the attribution rules of Section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code, if the corporation and all such related parties own, in the aggregate, at least 50% of the profits, capital, stock, or other ownership interest in the applicant.
        (5) A person to or from whom there is attribution of
    
stock ownership in accordance with Section 1563(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that for purposes of determining whether a person is a related member under this paragraph, "20%" shall be substituted for "5%" whenever "5%" appears in Section 1563(e) of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (b) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, and ending on or before December 31, 2016, subject to the limitations provided in this Section, a claimant may claim, as a credit against the tax imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, an amount equal to 25% of the claimant's investment made directly in a qualified new business venture. In order for an investment in a qualified new business venture to be eligible for tax credits, the business must have applied for and received certification under subsection (e) for the taxable year in which the investment was made prior to the date on which the investment was made. The credit under this Section may not exceed the taxpayer's Illinois income tax liability for the taxable year. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first. In the case of a partnership or Subchapter S Corporation, the credit is allowed to the partners or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (c) The maximum amount of an applicant's investment that may be used as the basis for a credit under this Section is $2,000,000 for each investment made directly in a qualified new business venture.
    (d) The Department shall implement a program to certify an applicant for an angel investment credit. Upon satisfactory review, the Department shall issue a tax credit certificate stating the amount of the tax credit to which the applicant is entitled. The Department shall annually certify that the claimant's investment has been made and remains in the qualified new business venture for no less than 3 years.
    If an investment for which a claimant is allowed a credit under subsection (b) is held by the claimant for less than 3 years, or, if within that period of time the qualified new business venture is moved from the State of Illinois, the claimant shall pay to the Department of Revenue, in the manner prescribed by the Department of Revenue, the amount of the credit that the claimant received related to the investment.
    (e) The Department shall implement a program to register qualified new business ventures for purposes of this Section. A business desiring registration shall submit an application to the Department in each taxable year for which the business desires registration. The Department may register the business only if the business satisfies all of the following conditions:
        (1) it has its headquarters in this State;
        (2) at least 51% of the employees employed by the
    
business are employed in this State;
        (3) it has the potential for increasing jobs in this
    
State, increasing capital investment in this State, or both, and either of the following apply:
            (A) it is principally engaged in innovation in
        
any of the following: manufacturing; biotechnology; nanotechnology; communications; agricultural sciences; clean energy creation or storage technology; processing or assembling products, including medical devices, pharmaceuticals, computer software, computer hardware, semiconductors, other innovative technology products, or other products that are produced using manufacturing methods that are enabled by applying proprietary technology; or providing services that are enabled by applying proprietary technology; or
            (B) it is undertaking pre-commercialization
        
activity related to proprietary technology that includes conducting research, developing a new product or business process, or developing a service that is principally reliant on applying proprietary technology;
        (4) it is not principally engaged in real estate
    
development, insurance, banking, lending, lobbying, political consulting, professional services provided by attorneys, accountants, business consultants, physicians, or health care consultants, wholesale or retail trade, leisure, hospitality, transportation, or construction, except construction of power production plants that derive energy from a renewable energy resource, as defined in Section 1 of the Illinois Power Agency Act;
        (5) at the time it is first certified:
            (A) it has fewer than 100 employees;
            (B) it has been in operation in Illinois for not
        
more than 10 consecutive years prior to the year of certification; and
            (C) it has received not more than $10,000,000 in
        
aggregate private equity investment in cash;
        (6) (blank); and
        (7) it has received not more than $4,000,000 in
    
investments that qualified for tax credits under this Section.
    (f) The Department, in consultation with the Department of Revenue, shall adopt rules to administer this Section. The aggregate amount of the tax credits that may be claimed under this Section for investments made in qualified new business ventures shall be limited at $10,000,000 per calendar year.
    (g) A claimant may not sell or otherwise transfer a credit awarded under this Section to another person.
    (h) On or before March 1 of each year, the Department shall report to the Governor and to the General Assembly on the tax credit certificates awarded under this Section for the prior calendar year.
        (1) This report must include, for each tax credit
    
certificate awarded:
            (A) the name of the claimant and the amount of
        
credit awarded or allocated to that claimant;
            (B) the name and address of the qualified new
        
business venture that received the investment giving rise to the credit and the county in which the qualified new business venture is located; and
            (C) the date of approval by the Department of the
        
applications for the tax credit certificate.
        (2) The report must also include:
            (A) the total number of applicants and amount for
        
tax credit certificates awarded under this Section in the prior calendar year;
            (B) the total number of applications and amount
        
for which tax credit certificates were issued in the prior calendar year; and
            (C) the total tax credit certificates and amount
        
authorized under this Section for all calendar years.
(Source: P.A. 96-939, eff. 1-1-11; 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 97-1097, eff. 8-24-12.)

35 ILCS 5/221

    (35 ILCS 5/221)
    Sec. 221. Rehabilitation costs; qualified historic properties; River Edge Redevelopment Zone.
    (a) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2012 and ending prior to January 1, 2017, there shall be allowed a tax credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 in an amount equal to 25% of qualified expenditures incurred by a qualified taxpayer during the taxable year in the restoration and preservation of a qualified historic structure located in a River Edge Redevelopment Zone pursuant to a qualified rehabilitation plan, provided that the total amount of such expenditures (i) must equal $5,000 or more and (ii) must exceed 50% of the purchase price of the property.
    (b) To obtain a tax credit pursuant to this Section, the taxpayer must apply with the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity. The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, in consultation with the Historic Preservation Agency, shall determine the amount of eligible rehabilitation costs and expenses. The Historic Preservation Agency shall determine whether the rehabilitation is consistent with the standards of the Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior for rehabilitation. Upon completion and review of the project, the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity shall issue a certificate in the amount of the eligible credits. At the time the certificate is issued, an issuance fee up to the maximum amount of 2% of the amount of the credits issued by the certificate may be collected from the applicant to administer the provisions of this Section. If collected, this issuance fee shall be deposited into the Historic Property Administrative Fund, a special fund created in the State treasury. Subject to appropriation, moneys in the Historic Property Administrative Fund shall be evenly divided between the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity and the Historic Preservation Agency to reimburse the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity and the Historic Preservation Agency for the costs associated with administering this Section. The taxpayer must attach the certificate to the tax return on which the credits are to be claimed. The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity may adopt rules to implement this Section.
    (c) The tax credit under this Section may not reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero.
    (d) As used in this Section, the following terms have the following meanings.
    "Qualified expenditure" means all the costs and expenses defined as qualified rehabilitation expenditures under Section 47 of the federal Internal Revenue Code that were incurred in connection with a qualified historic structure.
    "Qualified historic structure" means a certified historic structure as defined under Section 47 (c)(3) of the federal Internal Revenue Code.
    "Qualified rehabilitation plan" means a project that is approved by the Historic Preservation Agency as being consistent with the standards in effect on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly for rehabilitation as adopted by the federal Secretary of the Interior.
    "Qualified taxpayer" means the owner of the qualified historic structure or any other person who qualifies for the federal rehabilitation credit allowed by Section 47 of the federal Internal Revenue Code with respect to that qualified historic structure. Partners, shareholders of subchapter S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies (if the limited liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of federal and State income taxation) are entitled to a credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 703 and subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code, provided that credits granted to a partnership, a limited liability company taxed as a partnership, or other multiple owners of property shall be passed through to the partners, members, or owners respectively on a pro rata basis or pursuant to an executed agreement among the partners, members, or owners documenting any alternate distribution method.
(Source: P.A. 97-203, eff. 7-28-11.)

35 ILCS 5/222

    (35 ILCS 5/222)
    Sec. 222. Live theater production credit.
    (a) For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2012, a taxpayer who has received a tax credit award under the Live Theater Production Tax Credit Act is entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount determined under that Act by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
    (b) If the taxpayer is a partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, or Subchapter S corporation, the tax credit award is allowed to the partners, unit holders, or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
    (c) A sale, assignment, or transfer of the tax credit award may be made by the taxpayer earning the credit within one year after the credit is awarded in accordance with rules adopted by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
    (d) The Department of Revenue, in cooperation with the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, shall adopt rules to enforce and administer the provisions of this Section.
    (e) The tax credit award may not be carried back. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, the excess may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 tax years following the excess credit year. The tax credit award shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first. In no event may a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero.
(Source: P.A. 97-636, eff. 6-1-12.)

35 ILCS 5/223

    (35 ILCS 5/223)
    Sec. 223. Hospital credit.
    (a) For tax years ending on or after December 31, 2012, a taxpayer that is the owner of a hospital licensed under the Hospital Licensing Act, but not including an organization that is exempt from federal income taxes under the Internal Revenue Code, is entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act in an amount equal to the lesser of the amount of real property taxes paid during the tax year on real property used for hospital purposes during the prior tax year or the cost of free or discounted services provided during the tax year pursuant to the hospital's charitable financial assistance policy, measured at cost.
    (b) If the taxpayer is a partnership or Subchapter S corporation, the credit is allowed to the partners or shareholders in accordance with the determination of income and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. A transfer of this credit may be made by the taxpayer earning the credit within one year after the credit is earned in accordance with rules adopted by the Department. The Department shall prescribe rules to enforce and administer provisions of this Section. If the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability for the year, then the excess credit may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which there is a tax liability. If there are credits from more than one tax year that are available to offset a liability, the earlier credit shall be applied first. In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability to less than zero.
(Source: P.A. 97-688, eff. 6-14-12.)

35 ILCS 5/245

    (35 ILCS 5/245)
    Sec. 245. The Do-It-Yourself School Funding Law. On any original return for a taxable year ending on or after December 31, 1998 and prior to December 31, 2000, a taxpayer shall have the option to forgo claiming the exemptions provided under subsections (b) and (c) of Section 204 or the tax credit provided under Section 208 and instead may direct that the additional amount of tax resulting from not claiming the exemptions or credit shall be deposited into the Do-It-Yourself School Funding Fund.
(Source: P.A. 90-553, eff. 6-1-98.)