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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ELECTIONS
(10 ILCS 5/) Election Code.

10 ILCS 5/24C-18

    (10 ILCS 5/24C-18)
    Sec. 24C-18. Specimen Ballots; Publication. When a Direct Recording Electronic Voting System is used, the election authority shall cause to be published, at least 5 days before the day of each general and general primary election, in 2 or more newspapers published in and having a general circulation in the county, a true and legible copy of the specimen ballot containing the names of offices and candidates and public questions to be voted on, as near as may be, in the form in which they will appear on the official ballot on election day. A true legible copy may be in the form of an actual size ballot and shall be published as required by this Section if distributed in 2 or more newspapers published and having a general circulation in the county as an insert. For each election prescribed in Article 2A of this Code, specimen ballots shall be made available for public distribution and shall be supplied to the judges of election for posting in the polling place on the day of election. Notice for the consolidated elections shall be given as provided in Article 12.
(Source: P.A. 93-574, eff. 8-21-03.)

10 ILCS 5/24C-19

    (10 ILCS 5/24C-19)
    Sec. 24C-19. Additional Method of Voting. The foregoing Sections of this Article shall be deemed to provide a method of voting in addition to the methods otherwise provided in this Code.
(Source: P.A. 93-574, eff. 8-21-03.)

10 ILCS 5/Art. 25

 
    (10 ILCS 5/Art. 25 heading)
ARTICLE 25. RESIGNATIONS AND VACANCIES

10 ILCS 5/25-1

    (10 ILCS 5/25-1) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-1)
    Sec. 25-1. Except as otherwise provided in Section 25-2, resignations of elective offices shall be made to the officer, court or county board authorized by law to fill a vacancy in such office by appointment, or to order an election to fill such vacancy.
(Source: P.A. 88-419.)

10 ILCS 5/25-2

    (10 ILCS 5/25-2) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-2)
    Sec. 25-2. Events on which an elective office becomes vacant. Every elective office shall become vacant on the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of such office:
        (1) The death of the incumbent.
        (2) His or her resignation.
        (3) His or her becoming a person under legal
    
disability.
        (4) His or her ceasing to be an inhabitant of the
    
State; or if the office is local, his or her ceasing to be an inhabitant of the district, county, town, or precinct for which he or she was elected; provided, that the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to township officers whose township boundaries are changed in accordance with Section 10-20 of the Township Code, to a township officer after disconnection as set forth in Section 15-17 of the Township Code, nor to township or multi-township assessors elected under Sections 2-5 through 2-15 of the Property Tax Code.
        (5) His or her conviction of an infamous crime, or of
    
any offense involving a violation of official oath.
        (6) His or her removal from office.
        (7) His or her refusal or neglect to take his or her
    
oath of office, or to give or renew his or her official bond, or to deposit or file such oath or bond within the time prescribed by law.
        (8) The decision of a competent tribunal declaring
    
his or her election void.
    No elective office, except as herein otherwise provided, shall become vacant until the successor of the incumbent of such office has been appointed or elected, as the case may be, and qualified.
    An unconditional resignation, effective at a future date, may not be withdrawn after it is received by the officer authorized to fill the vacancy. Such resignation shall create a vacancy in office for the purpose of determining the time period which would require an election. The resigning office holder may continue to hold such office until the date or event specified in such resignation, but no later than the date at which his or her successor is elected and qualified.
    An admission of guilt of a criminal offense that would, upon conviction, disqualify the holder of an elective office from holding that office, in the form of a written agreement with State or federal prosecutors to plead guilty to a felony, bribery, perjury, or other infamous crime under State or federal law, shall constitute a resignation from that office, effective at the time the plea agreement is made.
    For purposes of this Section, a conviction for an offense that disqualifies the holder of an elective office from holding that office shall occur on the date of the return of a guilty verdict or, in the case of a trial by the court, the entry of a finding of guilt.
    This Section does not apply to any elected or appointed officers or officials of any municipality having a population under 500,000.
(Source: P.A. 94-529, eff. 8-10-05; 95-646, eff. 1-1-08.)

10 ILCS 5/25-3

    (10 ILCS 5/25-3) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-3)
    Sec. 25-3. (a) Whenever it is alleged that a vacancy in any office exists, the officer, body, or county board who has authority to fill the vacancy by appointment, or to order an election to fill such vacancy, shall have power to determine whether or not the facts occasioning such vacancy exist.
    (b) On or before the 100th day previous to the day of election for which judicial candidates are to be nominated:
        (1) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall
    
certify to the State Board of Elections the names of all judges who have died, resigned, retired or forfeited their office since the last general election and whose vacancies will be filled at the next general election.
        (2) The secretary of the Illinois Courts Commission
    
shall certify to the State Board of Elections the names of judges who have been removed from office and whose vacancies will be filled at the next general election.
        (3) The Secretary of State shall certify to the State
    
Board of Elections the names of judges who were eligible to stand for retention at the next general election, but failed to file a declaration of candidacy to succeed themselves in office or, having timely filed such a declaration, withdrew it.
        (4) The State Board of Elections shall determine
    
whether the General Assembly has created new judgeships which are to be filled at the next general election.
    If one of the events described in subsection (a) of Section 2A-9 of this Code occurs between the 100th day and the 92nd day previous to the day of election for which judicial candidates are to be nominated, the appropriate aforementioned officer shall promptly certify the vacancy to the State Board of Elections.
    (c) Except with regard to new judgeships which have been created by the General Assembly, the State Board of Elections may rely upon the certifications from the Supreme Court, the Illinois Courts Commission and the Secretary of State to determine (1) when vacancies in judicial office exist and (2) the judicial positions for which elections are to be held.
(Source: P.A. 86-1348.)

10 ILCS 5/25-4

    (10 ILCS 5/25-4) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-4)
    Sec. 25-4. In case of vacancies in the offices of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, the officer performing the duties of the office of Governor, or if there is no such officer, the Secretary of State, shall issue a proclamation appointing a day for a special election to fill such vacancies, and shall issue a writ of election to the county clerks of the several counties in the state, and shall also, when necessary, call a special session of the General Assembly to canvass the votes cast at such election; but if such vacancy shall occur not more than ninety (90) days before a general election for members of the legislature, the vacancies shall be filled at such general election, in which case no special session of the General Assembly to canvass the votes shall be deemed necessary.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/25-5

    (10 ILCS 5/25-5) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-5)
    Sec. 25-5. When a vacancy shall occur in the office of Secretary of State, State Comptroller, Treasurer or Attorney General, the Governor shall fill the same by appointment, and the appointee shall hold his office during the remainder of the term, and until his successor is elected and qualified.
(Source: P.A. 78-592.)

10 ILCS 5/25-6

    (10 ILCS 5/25-6) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-6)
    Sec. 25-6. (a) When a vacancy occurs in the office of State Senator or Representative in the General Assembly, the vacancy shall be filled within 30 days by appointment of the legislative or representative committee of that legislative or representative district of the political party of which the incumbent was a candidate at the time of his election. The appointee shall be a member of the same political party as the person he succeeds was at the time of his election, and shall be otherwise eligible to serve as a member of the General Assembly.
    (b) When a vacancy occurs in the office of a legislator elected other than as a candidate of a political party, the vacancy shall be filled within 30 days of such occurrence by appointment of the Governor. The appointee shall not be a member of a political party, and shall be otherwise eligible to serve as a member of the General Assembly. Provided, however, the appropriate body of the General Assembly may, by resolution, allow a legislator elected other than as a candidate of a political party to affiliate with a political party for his term of office in the General Assembly. A vacancy occurring in the office of any such legislator who affiliates with a political party pursuant to resolution shall be filled within 30 days of such occurrence by appointment of the appropriate legislative or representative committee of that legislative or representative district of the political party with which the legislator so affiliates. The appointee shall be a member of the political party with which the incumbent affiliated.
    (c) For purposes of this Section, a person is a member of a political party for 23 months after (i) signing a candidate petition, as to the political party whose nomination is sought; (ii) signing a statement of candidacy, as to the political party where nomination or election is sought; (iii) signing a Petition of Political Party Formation, as to the proposed political party; (iv) applying for and receiving a primary ballot, as to the political party whose ballot is received; or (v) becoming a candidate for election to or accepting appointment to the office of ward, township, precinct or state central committeeman.
    (d) In making appointments under this Section, each committeeman of the appropriate legislative or representative committee shall be entitled to one vote for each vote that was received, in that portion of the legislative or representative district which he represents on the committee, by the Senator or Representative whose seat is vacant at the general election at which that legislator was elected to the seat which has been vacated and a majority of the total number of votes received in such election by the Senator or Representative whose seat is vacant is required for the appointment of his successor; provided, however, that in making appointments in legislative or representative districts comprising only one county or part of a county other than a county containing 2,000,000 or more inhabitants, each committeeman shall be entitled to cast only one vote.
    (e) Appointments made under this Section shall be in writing and shall be signed by members of the legislative or representative committee whose total votes are sufficient to make the appointments or by the Governor, as the case may be. Such appointments shall be filed with the Secretary of State and with the Clerk of the House of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, whichever is appropriate.
    (f) An appointment made under this Section shall be for the remainder of the term, except that, if the appointment is to fill a vacancy in the office of State Senator and the vacancy occurs with more than 28 months remaining in the term, the term of the appointment shall expire at the time of the next general election at which time a Senator shall be elected for a new term commencing on the determination of the results of the election and ending on the second Wednesday of January in the second odd-numbered year next occurring. Whenever a Senator has been appointed to fill a vacancy and was thereafter elected to that office, the term of service under the authority of the election shall be considered a new term of service, separate from the term of service rendered under the authority of the appointment.
(Source: P.A. 97-81, eff. 7-5-11.)

10 ILCS 5/25-7

    (10 ILCS 5/25-7) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-7)
    Sec. 25-7. (a) When any vacancy shall occur in the office of representative in congress from this state more than 180 days before the next general election, the Governor shall issue a writ of election within 5 days after the occurrence of that vacancy to the county clerks of the several counties in the district where the vacancy exists, appointing a day within 115 days of issuance of the writ to hold a special election to fill such vacancy.
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this Section or any other law to the contrary, a special election to fill a vacancy in the office of representative in congress occurring less than 60 days following the 2012 general election shall be held as provided in this subsection (b). A special primary election shall be held on February 26, 2013, and a special election shall be held on April 9, 2013.
    Except as provided in this subsection (b), the provisions of Article 7 of this Code are applicable to petitions for the special primary election and special election. Petitions for nomination in accordance with Article 7 shall be filed in the principal office of the State Board of Elections not more than 54 and not less than 50 days prior to the date of the special primary election, excluding Saturday and Sunday. Petitions for the nomination of independent candidates and candidates of new political parties shall be filed in the principal office of the State Board of Elections not more than 68 and not less than 64 days prior to the date of the special election, excluding Saturday and Sunday.
    Except as provided in this subsection, the State Board of Elections shall have authority to establish, in conjunction with the impacted election authorities, an election calendar for the special election and special primary.
    If an election authority is unable to have a sufficient number of ballots printed so that ballots will be available for mailing at least 46 days prior to the special primary election or special election to persons who have filed an application for a ballot under the provisions of Article 20 of this Code, the election authority shall, no later than 45 days prior to each election, mail to each of those persons a Special Write-in Absentee Voter's Blank Ballot in accordance with Section 16-5.01 of this Code. The election authority shall advise those persons that the names of candidates to be nominated or elected shall be available on the election authority's website and shall provide a phone number the person may call to request the names of the candidates for nomination or election.
(Source: P.A. 97-1134, eff. 12-3-12.)

10 ILCS 5/25-8

    (10 ILCS 5/25-8) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-8)
    Sec. 25-8. When a vacancy shall occur in the office of United States Senator from this state, the Governor shall make temporary appointment to fill such vacancy until the next election of representatives in Congress, at which time such vacancy shall be filled by election, and the senator so elected shall take office as soon thereafter as he shall receive his certificate of election.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/25-10

    (10 ILCS 5/25-10) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-10)
    Sec. 25-10. This Section applies only to counties of 3,000,000 or more population. When a vacancy occurs in the office of Clerk of the Circuit Court of any of the counties in this State, it shall be the duty of the Circuit Judges of the respective judicial circuit in which such vacancy may occur, to make an appointment to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the unexpired term. However, if more than 28 months remain in the term, the appointment shall be until the next general election, at which time a clerk of the circuit court shall be elected for the balance of the unexpired term. The appointee shall be a member of the same political party as the person he succeeds was at the time of his election and shall be otherwise eligible to serve as Clerk of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Judges may appoint a Clerk Pro Tempore for whatever period is necessary while reviewing the qualifications of candidates for appointment to the office.
(Source: P.A. 90-672, eff. 7-31-98.)

10 ILCS 5/25-11

    (10 ILCS 5/25-11) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-11)
    Sec. 25-11. When a vacancy occurs in any elective county office, or in a county of less than 3,000,000 population in the office of clerk of the circuit court, in a county which is not a home rule unit, the county board or board of county commissioners shall declare that such vacancy exists and notification thereof shall be given to the county central committee or the appropriate county board or board of county commissioners district committee of each established political party within 3 days of the occurrence of the vacancy. The vacancy shall be filled within 60 days by appointment of the chairman of the county board or board of county commissioners with the advice and consent of the county board or board of county commissioners. In counties in which forest preserve district commissioners are elected by districts and are not also members of the county board, however, vacancies in the office of forest preserve district commissioner shall be filled within 60 days by appointment of the president of the forest preserve district board of commissioners with the advice and consent of the forest preserve district board of commissioners. In counties in which the forest preserve district president is not also a member of the county board, vacancies in the office of forest preserve district president shall be filled within 60 days by the forest preserve district board of commissioners by appointing one of the commissioners to serve as president. The appointee shall be a member of the same political party as the person he succeeds was at the time of his election and shall be otherwise eligible to serve. The appointee shall serve the remainder of the unexpired term. However, if more than 28 months remain in the term, the appointment shall be until the next general election at which time the vacated office shall be filled by election for the remainder of the term. In the case of a vacancy in a seat on a county board or board of county commissioners which has been divided into districts under Section 2-3003 or 2-4006.5 of the Counties Code, the appointee must also be a resident of the county board or county commission district. If a county commissioner ceases to reside in the district that he or she represents, a vacancy in that office exists.
    Except as otherwise provided by county ordinance or by law, in any county which is a home rule unit, vacancies in elective county offices, other than the office of chief executive officer, and vacancies in the office of clerk of the circuit court in a county of less than 3,000,000 population, shall be filled by the county board or board of county commissioners.
(Source: P.A. 92-189, eff. 8-1-01; 92-583, eff. 6-26-02.)

10 ILCS 5/25-11.1

    (10 ILCS 5/25-11.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 25-11.1)
    Sec. 25-11.1. A vacancy in the office of a State's Attorney or superintendent of an educational service region who serves 2 or more counties shall be filled by joint appointment of the county boards of those counties until the next general election when a successor shall be elected for the balance of the unexpired term or for a full term, as the case may be.
(Source: P.A. 84-861.)

10 ILCS 5/Art. 28

 
    (10 ILCS 5/Art. 28 heading)
ARTICLE 28. SUBMITTING PUBLIC QUESTIONS