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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ELECTIONS
(10 ILCS 5/) Election Code.

10 ILCS 5/23-27

    (10 ILCS 5/23-27) (from Ch. 46, par. 23-27)
    Sec. 23-27. If it appears that two or more persons have, or would have had if the legal ballots cast or intended to be cast for them had been counted, the highest and an equal number of votes for the same office, the persons receiving such votes shall decide by lot, in such manner as the court shall direct, which of them shall be declared duly elected; and the judgment shall be entered accordingly.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/23-28

    (10 ILCS 5/23-28) (from Ch. 46, par. 23-28)
    Sec. 23-28. A certified copy of the judgment of the court shall have the same effect as to the result of the election as if it had been so declared by the canvassers.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/23-29

    (10 ILCS 5/23-29) (from Ch. 46, par. 23-29)
    Sec. 23-29. When the person whose election is contested is found to have received the highest number of legal votes, but the election is declared null by reason of legal disqualification on his part, or for other causes, the person receiving the next highest number of votes shall not be declared elected, but the election shall be declared void.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/23-30

    (10 ILCS 5/23-30) (from Ch. 46, par. 23-30)
    Sec. 23-30. In all cases of contested elections in the circuit courts, appeals may be taken in the same manner, and upon like conditions as is provided by law for taking appeals in other civil cases.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 3493.)

10 ILCS 5/23-50

    (10 ILCS 5/23-50)
    Sec. 23-50. Definition of a vote. For the purpose of any recount of votes under this Code, a vote is defined as provided in Sections 7-100, 17-100, 18-100, 24A-22, 24B-9.1, or 24C-10, depending upon the type of voting equipment or system used to cast the vote.
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05.)

10 ILCS 5/Art. 24

 
    (10 ILCS 5/Art. 24 heading)
ARTICLE 24. VOTING MACHINES

10 ILCS 5/24-1

    (10 ILCS 5/24-1) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-1)
    Sec. 24-1. The election authority in all jurisdictions when voting machines are used shall, except as otherwise provided in this Code, provide a voting machine or voting machines for any or all of the election precincts or election districts, as the case may be, for which the election authority is by law charged with the duty of conducting an election or elections. A voting machine or machines sufficient in number to provide a machine for each 400 voters or fraction thereof shall be supplied for use at all elections. However, no such voting machine shall be used, purchased, or adopted, and no person or entity may have a written contract, including a contract contingent upon certification of the voting machines, to sell, lease, or loan voting machines to an election authority, until the board of voting machine commissioners hereinafter provided for, or a majority thereof, shall have made and filed a report certifying that they have examined such machine; that it affords each elector an opportunity to vote in absolute secrecy; that it enables each elector to vote a ticket selected in part from the nominees of one party, and in part from the nominees of any or all other parties, and in part from independent nominees printed in the columns of candidates for public office, and in part of persons not in nomination by any party or upon any independent ticket; that it enables each elector to vote a written or printed ballot of his own selection, for any person for any office for whom he may desire to vote; that it enables each elector to vote for all candidates for whom he is entitled to vote, and prevents him from voting for any candidate for any office more than once, unless he is lawfully entitled to cast more than one vote for one candidate, and in that event permits him to cast only as many votes for that candidate as he is by law entitled, and no more; that it prevents the elector from voting for more than one person for the same office, unless he is lawfully entitled to vote for more than one person therefor, and in that event permits him to vote for as many persons for that office as he is by law entitled, and no more; that it identifies when an elector has not voted for all statewide constitutional offices; and that such machine will register correctly by means of exact counters every vote cast for the regular tickets thereon; and has the capacity to contain the tickets of at least 5 political parties with the names of all the candidates thereon, together with all propositions in the form provided by law, where such form is prescribed, and where no such provision is made for the form thereof, then in brief form, not to exceed 75 words; that all votes cast on the machine on a regular ballot or ballots shall be registered; that voters may, by means of irregular ballots or otherwise vote for any person for any office, although such person may not have been nominated by any party and his name may not appear on such machine; that when a vote is cast for any person for any such office, when his name does not appear on the machine, the elector cannot vote for any other name on the machine for the same office; that each elector can, understandingly and within the period of 4 minutes cast his vote for all candidates of his choice; that the machine is so constructed that the candidates for presidential electors of any party can be voted for only by voting for the ballot label containing a bracket within which are the names of the candidates for President and Vice-President of the party or group; that the machine is provided with a lock or locks by the use of which any movement of the voting or registering mechanism is absolutely prevented so that it cannot be tampered with or manipulated for any purpose; that the machine is susceptible of being closed during the progress of the voting so that no person can see or know the number of votes registered for any candidate; that each elector is permitted to vote for or against any question, proposition or amendment upon which he is entitled to vote, and is prevented from voting for or against any question, proposition or amendment upon which he is not entitled to vote; that the machine is capable of adjustment by the election authority, so as to permit the elector, at a party primary election, to vote only for the candidates seeking nomination by the political party in which primary he is entitled to vote: Provided, also that no such machine or machines shall be purchased, unless the party or parties making the sale shall guarantee in writing to keep the machine or machines in good working order for 5 years without additional cost and shall give a sufficient bond conditioned to that effect.
(Source: P.A. 94-1000, eff. 7-3-06; 95-699, eff. 11-9-07.)

10 ILCS 5/24-1.1

    (10 ILCS 5/24-1.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-1.1)
    Sec. 24-1.1. The county board of each county having a population of 35,000 or more, with respect to all elections for which the county board or the county clerk is charged with the duty of providing materials and supplies, and each board of election commissioners in a municipality having a population of 35,000 or more with respect to elections under its jurisdiction, must provide either voting machines in accordance with this Article or electronic voting systems in accordance with Article 24A for each precinct for all such elections except as provided in Section 24-1.2 except in elections held pursuant to the provisions of Section 12 of Article VI of the Constitution relating to retention of judges in office, in which event, the special ballot containing the propositions on the retention of judges may be placed on the voting machines or devices. For purposes of this Section 24-1.1, the term "population" does not include persons prohibited from voting by Section 3-5 of this Act.
    Before voting machines or electronic voting systems are introduced, adopted or used in any precinct or territory at least 2 months public notice must be given before the date of the first election wherein such machines are to be used. The election authority shall publish the notice at least once in one or more newspapers published within its jurisdiction in which the election is held. If there is no such newspaper, the notice shall be published in a newspaper published in the county and having a general circulation within such political subdivision of this State. The notice shall be substantially as follows:
    Notice is hereby given that on (give date), at (give place where election is held) in the county of .... an election will be held for (give name of office to be filled) at which voting machines will be used.
    Dated at .... on (insert date).
 
    The notice referred to herein shall be given only at the first election at which such voting machines or electronic voting systems are used.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

10 ILCS 5/24-1.2

    (10 ILCS 5/24-1.2) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-1.2)
    Sec. 24-1.2. Paper ballots may be used for the conduct of the consolidated election in odd-numbered years, the special municipal primary in even-numbered years, and emergency referenda held at any time, except in regular elections in which the only offices or propositions on the ballot are for political subdivisions for which offices have heretofore been voted on using voting machines or electronic voting systems and except as otherwise provided by regulation of the State Board of Elections adopted pursuant to this Section.
    The State Board of Elections may adopt regulations requiring the use of voting machines or electronic voting devices, as are available in the jurisdiction of the election authority, in such elections. Such regulations shall be applicable uniformly statewide, and shall require the use of such voting equipment only in those elections and only in those precincts where (1) the ballots to be voted are complex, due to large numbers of offices, candidates, or public questions required to be on the ballot, (2) the number of political subdivisions whose officers or public questions are to be included on the ballot is substantial, and (3) the use of such voting equipment is efficient, cost effective, and does not result in unjustified election expenses to be reimbursed by the political subdivisions that will share such expenses pursuant to Sections 17-30 through 17-33. Such regulations may provide reasonable classifications based on the above factors.
(Source: P.A. 90-358, eff. 1-1-98.)

10 ILCS 5/24-2

    (10 ILCS 5/24-2) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-2)
    Sec. 24-2. The voting machine or machines to be used, adopted, purchased as herein provided must be so constructed as to meet all requirements specified in this Article.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/24-3

    (10 ILCS 5/24-3) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-3)
    Sec. 24-3. The State Board of Elections shall appoint 2 mechanical experts to examine voting machines. No member of the board nor their appointees shall have any interest in any voting machine. Any person or corporation owning or being interested in any voting machine may apply to said board to examine such machine and report on its accuracy, efficiency, capacity and safety. The experts shall examine the machine and make full report thereon in the office of the State Board of Elections. They shall state in the report whether or not the kind of machine so examined complies with the requirements of this Article and can be safely used by voters at elections under the conditions prescribed in this Article. If the report be in the affirmative upon said questions, the machine shall be deemed approved by the board and the machines of its kind may be adopted for use at elections as herein provided. When the machine has been so approved any improvement or change that does not impair its accuracy, efficiency, capacity or safety shall not render necessary a re-examination or re-approval thereof. Any form of voting machine not so approved cannot be used at any election. Each of the 2 mechanical experts shall be entitled to $100 for his compensation and expenses in making such examination and report, to be paid by the person or corporation applying for such examination, which sum may be demanded in advance of making the examination, and which shall be the sole compensation to be received by any such expert. The board may, if it consents to do so, go to any point in the state for the purpose of examining a machine, but it shall not be compelled to make such examination at any place other than the capital of the state; Provided, that each of the 2 mechanical experts shall not receive and retain to exceed $1500 and reasonable expenses in any one year, and all sums collected for such examinations over and above said maximum salaries and reasonable expenses shall be turned into the State Treasury.
(Source: P.A. 78-918.)

10 ILCS 5/24-4

    (10 ILCS 5/24-4) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-4)
    Sec. 24-4. The election authorities may provide for the experimental use, at any election or elections, in one or more election precincts, of a machine or machines which it might lawfully adopt, without a formal adoption thereof, and their use at such elections shall be as valid for all purposes as if they had been lawfully adopted.
(Source: P.A. 80-1469.)

10 ILCS 5/24-5

    (10 ILCS 5/24-5) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-5)
    Sec. 24-5. The local authorities may for the purpose of paying for such voting machines issue bonds, certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations, which shall be a charge on the city, village, incorporated town, county or other governmental taxing division. Such bonds, certificates or other obligations may be issued with or without interest, payable at such time or times as the authorities may determine, but shall not be issued or sold at less than par.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 2702.)

10 ILCS 5/24-6

    (10 ILCS 5/24-6) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-6)
    Sec. 24-6. For any election in which voting machines are to be used, the election precincts in which such voting machines are to be used may be created or consolidated into one area by the election authority so as to contain as near as may be five hundred voters for each voting machine to be used therein. The said consolidated precincts to consist of no more than four and to be contiguous and to be known as Consolidated Areas. When voting machines are used in contiguous precincts as now or hereafter established, they shall be consolidated in such manner as to provide for the efficient and economical use thereof. Such consolidation shall be made under such regulations as to time and manner as are now provided by law, shall be for the purpose of more efficient conduct of an election and shall not constitute a change in precinct boundaries.
(Source: P.A. 80-1469.)

10 ILCS 5/24-7

    (10 ILCS 5/24-7) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-7)
    Sec. 24-7. The election authority shall preserve and keep the voting machine or voting machines in repair, and shall have the custody thereof, and of the furniture and equipment of the polling place when not in use at an election. No person shall be employed or allowed to perform any mechanical services in connection with any voting machine which is used or to be used at any election or primary in which such person is a candidate.
(Source: P.A. 80-1469.)

10 ILCS 5/24-8

    (10 ILCS 5/24-8) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-8)
    Sec. 24-8. Location of voting machines; time allowed for voting; pollwatchers. The exterior of the voting machines, and every part of the polling place shall be in plain view of the election officials. The voting machine or voting machines shall be placed at least one foot from every wall and partition of the polling place and at least three (3) feet from any election officials or table used by them, and it shall be so placed that no person can see or determine how the voter casts his vote. After the opening of the polls, the election judges shall permit within the proximity of the voting machine or machines at any one time, not more than twice as many voters waiting to vote, as there are voting machines in use in that election precinct or district. They shall not themselves remain or permit any other person to remain in any position or near any position that would permit one to see or ascertain how a voter votes, or how he has voted. No voter shall remain within the voting booth or compartment longer than four (4) minutes, and if any voter shall refuse to leave after the expiration of four (4) minutes, he shall at once be removed by the election officials, or upon their order; provided, however, that one election judge may station himself at the side of the machine or machines for the express purpose of actuating the entrance knob, or other device so the voter can operate the voting machine and also in a primary, to set the primary lever or device, so as to enable the voter to vote in the party of which he is a member and to prevent the voter from voting for the candidate or candidates in any other party. The voting machine or machines shall be so placed in the polling place that the ballot labels on the face of the machine can be seen plainly by the precinct election officials and pollwatchers when not in use by the voters. The election precinct officials having charge of each machine shall inspect the face of the voting machine after each voter has completed the casting of his vote to see that the ballot labels are in proper position and that the machine has not been injured or tampered with, and after any voter has voted, the precinct election officials having charge of the machine shall, upon request, permit any pollwatcher to inspect the face of the voting machine to see that the ballot labels are in proper position and have not been injured or marked upon and that the machine has not been tampered with. If it shall be found that such mutilation or marking shall have occurred, the election board shall immediately notify the custodian of the voting machines, or the officer or board having charge of the preparation of the machines, and such custodian or officer or board shall forthwith replace such ballot labels with new ones. Pollwatchers as provided by law shall be permitted to carefully check the voting machine and its protective devices, and ballot labels and registering counters, before the polls may be declared open on election morning, and they shall be permitted to remain in the polling place at all times throughout the conduct of the election if desired, and after the close of the polls, to be present and check the protective devices and registering counters of each voting machine, and the official return sheets thereof.
(Source: P.A. 89-653, eff. 8-14-96.)

10 ILCS 5/24-8.1

    (10 ILCS 5/24-8.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-8.1)
    Sec. 24-8.1. Whenever on the same day as a primary election there is also an election for officers or on propositions in which qualified voters have the right to vote without participating in the primary of any party, either a separate voting machine or a voting booth and paper ballots may be provided for those voters who do not wish to participate in the primary of any party. Such determination shall be made by resolution of the county board, municipal board of election commissioners or county board of election commissioners, whichever is applicable.
(Source: P.A. 79-200.)

10 ILCS 5/24-9

    (10 ILCS 5/24-9) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-9)
    Sec. 24-9. Assistance to illiterate and disabled voters shall be given in accordance with the provisions in Section 17-14 of this Act.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)

10 ILCS 5/24-10

    (10 ILCS 5/24-10) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-10)
    Sec. 24-10. For the instruction of the voters on election day, there shall be provided for each polling place, one mechanically operated instruction model for each machine, showing a portion of the face of the voting machine. Each such instruction model shall show the arrangement of party rows, office columns and questions, but only fictitious candidates' names shall be used. Such model shall be located on the election officials' table, or in some other place which the voters must pass to reach the machine, and each voter, upon request, before entering the machine, shall be offered instruction in its operation by use of the instruction model, and the voter shall be given ample opportunity to operate the model himself. Each voter shall also have called to his attention the facsimile diagrams at least two of which shall be posted on the walls of the polling place, which facsimile diagrams shall be exact facsimiles, including the color of the ballot labels, as near as may be, of the face of the voting machine, so that the voter can become familiar with the location of the questions, parties, officers and candidates. In case any voter after entering the voting machine booth shall ask for further instructions concerning the manner of voting, two judges of opposite political parties shall give such instructions to him; but no precinct election official, or person assisting a voter shall in any manner request, suggest or seek to persuade, or induce any voter to vote any particular ticket, or for any particular candidate, or for or against any particular amendment, question or proposition. During such instruction, the curtains shall be thrown aside so that the instruction may be observed by persons in the polling place. After giving such instructions such precinct election officials shall retire from the machine booth, and the voter shall thereafter, with the curtains closed around him, proceed to vote as in the case of an unassisted voter.
(Source: Laws 1949, p. 817.)

10 ILCS 5/24-11

    (10 ILCS 5/24-11) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-11)
    Sec. 24-11. That portion of cardboard, paper or other material, placed on the front of the machine and containing the names of the candidates shall be known in this Article as a ballot label. The ballot labels shall be supplied by the election authority, and shall be printed in black ink on clear white material of such size as will fit the machine and in plain, clear type, and shall provide space, not less than one-half inch in height and one and one-half inches in width for the printing of each candidate's name with such other wording as is required by law. However, ballot labels for use at the nonpartisan and consolidated elections may be printed on different color material, except blue material, whenever necessary or desirable to facilitate distinguishing between different political subdivisions on the machine. The names of all candidates shall be printed in uniform size in boldface type. The party name or other designation shall be prefixed to the list of the candidates of such party. The order of the lists of candidates of the several parties shall be arranged as is in this Act provided, except that the lists may be placed in horizontal rows or vertical columns, which parties may, if desired be divided into parallel and contiguous rows or columns. Where presidential electors are to be voted for at any election, then there may be placed on the ballot labels a bracket in which are the names of the candidates for President and Vice President of the party or group. Each question or other proposition, to be submitted to a vote of the electors shall appear on the ballot labels, in the form prescribed therefor, but if no such form is prescribed then they shall be in brief form, not to exceed 75 words. The ballot label for each candidate or group of candidates nominated or seeking nomination by a political party shall contain the name of the political party.
    In any election in which there is submitted a proposal or proposals for a constitutional amendment or amendments or for calling of a constitutional convention the ballot label for the separate ballot for such proposals shall be printed on blue, rather than white, material.
    In elections held pursuant to the provisions of Section 12 of Article VI of the Constitution relating to retention of judges in office, the ballot label for the judicial retention propositions shall be printed on green, rather than white, material.
    If any voting machine being used in an election or primary shall become out of order during such election or primary, it shall, if possible, be repaired or another machine substituted by the custodian or election authority, for which purpose the proper authorities may purchase as many extra voting machines as they may deem necessary, but in case such necessary repairs or substitution cannot be made immediately, paper ballots, printed or written and of suitable form, shall be used for the taking of votes. The paper ballots to be used in such event shall be prepared and distributed to the various precincts in the manner provided for in Sections 16-3 and 16-4 of this Election Code; except that the election authority shall supply a number of ballots to each precinct equal to at least 20% of the number of voters registered to vote in that precinct. If a method of election for any candidates is prescribed by law, in which the use of voting machines is not possible or practicable, or in case, at any election the number of candidates nominated or seeking nomination for any office renders the use of the voting machine for such office at such election impracticable, or if for any reason, at any election the use of voting machines is not practicable or possible, the proper officer or officers having charge of the preparation of the ballot labels for the machines may arrange to have the voting for such or all candidates for offices conducted by paper ballots. In such cases ballots shall be printed for such or all candidates, and the election conducted by the election officers herein provided for, and the ballots counted and return thereof made in the manner required by law for such candidate or candidates or offices, insofar as paper ballots are used.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

10 ILCS 5/24-12

    (10 ILCS 5/24-12) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-12)
    Sec. 24-12. The election authority shall provide at least 4 facsimile diagrams which shall be arranged in the form of a diagram showing the entire front of the voting machine as it will appear after the official ballot labels are arranged for voting purposes on election day. Where colored ballot labels are required to be used, the facsimile diagrams shall be appropriately colored to indicate such ballot labels. Such diagrams shall be displayed for public inspection, 2 on the outside of the polling place, and 2 on the inside thereof, at such polling place during the day preceding election or primary day and throughout election day. At each election where voting machines are to be used, the election authority shall, not less than 10 days before the election, provide for each election precinct in which a voting machine is to be used, facsimile diagrams, printed on tinted paper, in an amount equal to at least 1/5 of the number of votes cast in such precinct at the last preceding general election. Such facsimile diagrams shall be made available for public distribution except that ten per cent (10%) of the number of the ballots printed shall be supplied to the judges of election on election day for use in instructing the voters and for distribution to the voters by them in their discretion. Such facsimile diagrams may be of reduced size and shall provide complete instructions for operating the voting machine in that election.
(Source: P.A. 81-1433.)

10 ILCS 5/24-13

    (10 ILCS 5/24-13) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-13)
    Sec. 24-13. Four sets of ballot labels for use in each voting machine shall be provided for each polling place for each election by the election authority. There shall also be furnished all other necessary materials or supplies for the proper use of the voting machines, including durable transparent noninflammable covering at least 1/16 inch thick with which all the ballot labels shall be securely covered to prevent shifting, tampering with or mutilations of the ballot labels, facsimile diagrams, return sheets, certificates, forms and materials of all kinds provided for in this Article. The election authority shall before the day of election, cause the proper ballot labels, together with the transparent protective covering for same, to be put upon each machine, corresponding with the sample ballot labels herein provided for, and the machine in every way to be put in order, set and adjusted, ready for use in voting when delivered at the precinct polling places and for the purpose of so labeling the machine, putting in order, setting and adjusting the same, they may employ one competent person to be known as the voting machine custodian and additional deputy custodians as required. The election authority shall, preceding each election day, holding a meeting or meetings for the purpose of instructing all election precinct officials who are to serve in an election precinct where voting machines are to be used. Before preparing any voting machines for any election, the election authority shall cause written notices to be sent to the chairman of the county central committee of each political party having a candidate or candidates on the ballot, or the chairman of each municipal or township committee of each political party having candidates on the ballot, in the case of a municipal or township election, stating the times when, and the place or places where, the voting machines will be prepared for the election; they shall also cause written notices to be sent to the chairman or presiding officer of any organization of citizens within the county, or other political subdivision, having as its purpose, or among its purposes or interests, the prevention, investigation or prosecution of election frauds, which has registered its name and address and the names of its principal officers with the officer, officers or board having charge of the preparation of the machines for the election, at least 40 days before such election, stating the times when, and the place or places where, the voting machines will be prepared for the election, at which times and place or places, one representative of each such political party, certified by the respective chairman of the county managing committee of each such political party, or the chairman of the municipal or township committee in the case of a municipal or township election, and one representative of each such candidate, certified by such candidate, and one representative of each organization of citizens, certified by the respective chairman or presiding officers of such organizations shall be entitled to be present and see that the machines are properly prepared and tested and placed in proper condition and order for use at the election. The custodian or custodians of voting machines and the party representatives shall take the constitutional oath of office. It shall be the privilege of such party and organization representatives to be present at the preparation of the voting machines for the election and to see that each machine is tested for accuracy and is properly prepared and that all registering counters are set at zero. The custodian shall, in the presence of the party and candidate and organization representatives, prepare the voting machine for the election and set all registering counters at zero, and he shall then, assisted by the watchers, test each such registering counter for accuracy by casting votes upon it, and such testing shall be done in the presence of the watchers, until each such registering counter is correctly registering each vote cast upon it, and each certificate for each machine shall state that this has been done, and the custodians shall then, in the presence of the party and candidate and organization representatives, reset each registering counter to zero, and shall then immediately seal the voting machine with a numbered metal seal, and a record of the number on the seal shall then and there be made by the custodian on the certificate for that machine and the seal shall be so placed as to prevent operation of the machine or its registering counters without breaking the seal, and the custodian shall then immediately make a record on the certificate for that machine of the reading shown on the protective counter. Immediately after each machine has been so tested and prepared for the election, it shall be the duty of such custodian or custodians to make a certificate in writing which shall be filed in the office of the election authority, stating the serial number of each voting machine, whether or not such machine has all the registering counters set at zero, whether or not such machine has been tested by voting on each registering counter so as to prove that each such registering counter is in perfect and accurate working condition, the number registered on the protective counter, and the number on the metal seal with which the machine is sealed against operation. Unless objection is filed, within 2 days, with the election authority, to the use of a particular machine or machines, such voting machine or machines when certified to be correct by the custodian shall be conclusively presumed to have been properly prepared for use at the election for which they were prepared. Any objection filed shall particularly set forth the number of the machine objected to, and the particulars or basis for the objection. The machine shall then be locked so that it cannot be operated or voted upon without first unlocking it and the keys shall be at once returned to the custody of the election authority, and the election authority shall cause the machine so labeled in order, set and adjusted, to be delivered at the polling place, together with all necessary furniture and appliances that go with the same, not later than one hour before the hour at which the polls are to be opened. The election authority shall deliver the keys, which unlock the voting mechanism and the registering counters or counter compartment of the voting machine, to the precinct election board, not earlier than noon on the Saturday preceding the election day, nor later than one hour before the opening of the polls, and shall receive and file a receipt therefor. The keys shall be enclosed in a sealed envelope on which shall be written or printed: (1) The name, number of or designation of the election precinct or district; (2) The number of the voting machine; (3) The number of the seal with which the machine is sealed; (4) The number registered on the protective counter or device as reported by the custodian. No precinct election official shall break the seal of such envelope except in the presence of all members of the precinct election board, and such envelope shall not be opened until it shall have been examined by each member of the precinct election board to see that it has not been previously opened. Such envelope shall not be opened until it shall have been found that the numbers and records recorded thereon are correct and agree in every respect with the numbers and records as shown on the machine. If any such number is found not to agree with the numbers on the machine, the envelope shall not be opened until the precinct election officials shall have notified the election authority, and until the election authority or some other person authorized by the election authority shall have presented himself at the polling place for the purpose of re-examining the machine, and shall have certified that it is properly arranged after testing and examining it. On the morning of the election the precinct election officials shall meet in the polling place at least one hour before the time for opening the polls. They shall see that the sample ballot labels and instructions for voting are posted properly, and prominently so that the voters can have easy access to them and that the instruction model is placed on the precinct election officials' table and that everything is in readiness for voting at the hour of opening the polls. They shall also see that the voting machine is properly illuminated in accordance with the equipment furnished. The precinct election officials shall compare the ballot labels on the machine with the sample ballots and return sheets, see that they are correct, examine and see that all the registering counters in the machine are set at zero (0) or if the machine is equipped with a device which will automatically record the number on the registering columns on the back of the machine to recording sheets of paper and the said paper can be removed without opening the back of the machine, that all of the said registering counters for each candidate as appears on the said recording sheet registers (0) and that the public counter is also set at zero (0) and that the machine is otherwise in perfect order and they shall compare and record the number on the metal seal with which the voting machine is sealed, with the number furnished them as recorded on the envelope containing the keys, by the election authority, and if the number on the seal and the number on the protective counter do not agree with the numbers supplied to them, they shall not open the polls, but shall notify the election authority, and the election authority or its authorized representatives or custodian, shall, as soon as may be, test, examine and set the machine in the same manner as is provided in this section for the testing, setting and preparation of voting machines for an election. If, after being so tested and examined, it is found that such voting machine is in perfect working order, all registering counters shall be set at zero (0), the reading of the protective counter shall be read and recorded and the precinct election officials may proceed with the opening of the polls. If such machine be found not to be in perfect working order as hereinbefore provided, it shall not be used in the election, but shall be replaced with another machine which is in perfect working order, properly set, tested and sealed, and the election board shall then proceed to examine such machine in the same manner as is provided in this section for the examination of each voting machine by the election board before the opening of the polls. They shall not thereafter permit the counters to be operated or moved except by electors in voting, and they shall also see that all necessary arrangements and adjustments are made for voting irregular ballots on the machine. Each precinct election official shall sign a certificate which shall certify that he has complied with all the provisions of this Article, and that, before the polls were declared open, he found the ballot labels to be in their proper places and to exactly agree with the facsimile diagrams and return or recording sheet belonging to that precinct; all registering counters set at zero (0); the number on the metal seal and the number on the protective counter exactly agree with the records furnished by the election authority; the metal seal actually was sealed so as to prevent movement of the voting machine mechanism without first breaking the seal; all ballot labels were clean and without marks of any kind upon them and they were in no way defaced or mutilated. When voting machines are used in an election precinct, the watchers or challengers representing the various political parties, candidates and citizens' organizations, provided by law to be present shall be permitted to be present from the time the precinct election board convenes on election morning until the completion of the canvass after the close of the polls. Such watchers shall be permitted to carefully examine each voting machine before the polls are declared open and to compare the number of the metal seal and the number on the protective counter with their own records, and to see that all ballot labels are in their proper places, and that the machine registering counters are all set at zero (0), and that the machine or machines are in every way ready for voting at the opening of the polls. If it is found that the ballot labels are not in their proper places on the machine, or that they fail to conform in any respect, with the facsimile diagrams and return sheets belonging to the precinct, the precinct election officials shall not use such machine but shall at once notify the proper election authority, and such machine shall not be used until the election authority or person authorized by it, shall have supplied the proper ballot labels, and shall have placed such proper ballot labels in their proper places, and they shall have been found to be correct by the precinct election officials and watchers. If any registering counter shall be found not to be set at zero (0), the precinct election officials shall immediately notify the custodian or officer or officers or board having charge of the preparation of the voting machines for the election or primary, and the election authority or person authorized by him or them or it shall adjust such registering counter or counters to zero (0), in the presence of all the precinct election officials and watchers serving in such election district.
(Source: P.A. 80-1469.)

10 ILCS 5/24-14

    (10 ILCS 5/24-14) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-14)
    Sec. 24-14. Ballots voted for any person whose name does not appear on the ballot label on the machine as a candidate for office are herein referred to as irregular ballots.
    Such irregular ballot shall be deposited, written or affixed in or upon the receptacle or device provided on the machine for that purpose.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 288.)

10 ILCS 5/24-15

    (10 ILCS 5/24-15) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-15)
    Sec. 24-15. As soon as the polls are closed, the voting machine or machines shall be locked in order to prevent further voting and each machine shall be sealed against voting and tampering, with a numbered metal seal, and the number of such metal seal shall be recorded at once on the certificate provided for that purpose, and the number on the protective counter of each voting machine shall also be recorded on the certificate in the space provided for that purpose, and the number on the public counter shall be recorded in the space provided for that purpose. The counting compartment shall then be opened in the presence of all the precinct election officials and all watchers and other persons who may be lawfully within the room, giving full view of the numbers announcing the votes cast for each candidate, and the vote for and against each of the questions or other propositions. Provided, however, when a machine is equipped with a device which will automatically record the number on the registering columns for each candidate, question or proposition on the back of the machine to a paper recording sheet then the recording sheet shall be removed and the vote cast shall be announced from the recording sheet for each candidate and the vote for and against each question or proposition. When voting machines are used in an election precinct, the watchers provided by law to be present in the polling place on election day shall be permitted to make a record of the number on the metal seal with which each voting machine is sealed, and to also record the number shown on the protective counter of each voting machine, and such watchers shall also be permitted to examine the counters of the voting machines as the totals are being announced for transcription to the return sheets or from the recording sheets and also to examine the return sheets or the recording sheets as the totals are being recorded or checked thereon. In voting machine precincts where the voting machine is not equipped with the automatic recording sheet the officer, officers board or boards charged by law to furnish the ballot labels for the voting machines shall also furnish for each election precinct in which a voting machine is to be used, at least two duplicate return sheets which shall be used by the precinct election board of such election precinct for recording the results of the election. Such return sheets shall be printed in the form of a diagram exactly corresponding, in arrangement, with the face of the voting machine, and such return sheets shall also correspond, in as far as arrangement is concerned, with the sample ballots, and each return sheet shall provide printed instructions for the exact procedure which the precinct election board shall follow when making the canvass of the results of the election, and such return sheets shall also provide the office titles, party names, candidates' names and code letters and number, arranged in the same manner as on the ballot labels, and there shall be provided a space for inserting the serial number of each voting machine, so that the totals recorded from each voting machine may be identified as being from a certain voting machine, and there shall be provided a space for recording such separate total for each candidate and constitutional amendment, or other question or proposition, from each separate voting machine, and a space for recording the total of the mail and absentee vote in the same manner, so that the final total for each candidate, constitutional amendment, question or other proposition, may be totaled by adding all the figures in a column. Totals on the return sheets shall be recorded in figures only, in ink. The same authorities shall also furnish to each such election precinct suitable printed forms for use by the precinct election board, in making out the certificates provided for in this Article. Such certificates shall be made a part of the return sheets if practicable, or may be on separate sheets.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 2492.)

10 ILCS 5/24-16

    (10 ILCS 5/24-16) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-16)
    Sec. 24-16. The precinct election officers shall then ascertain the number of votes which the candidates received both on the machine or machines, and by the voting of irregular ballots, if any. Except when the machine is equipped with a device which will automatically record the registering column on the back of the machine to sheets of paper giving the accurate vote cast for each candidate. Two precinct election officials, not members of the same political party, shall write the totals in figures, in ink, for such candidate on the duplicate return sheets provided for that purpose, while one election officer announces in a distinct voice the total vote cast for each candidate thus ascertained in the order of the offices as their titles are arranged on the ballot label, and the remaining precinct election official or officials, if any, shall be stationed at the counter compartment of the voting machine being canvassed and shall watch each total as it is being called out from the registering counters. Each precinct election official who is recording the totals on the return sheets shall distinctly repeat each total as it is announced from the counter of the voting machine. The totals of each machine for each candidate shall be recorded on the return sheets in such a manner that they may be identified by the serial number of the voting machine. The vote both for and against each question or other proposition shall also be announced and recorded in the same manner as the vote for the candidates. When the machine is equipped with a device which will automatically record the registering column on the back of the machine to recording sheets of paper giving the accurate vote cast for each candidate then the totals cast for each candidate or each question or proposition shall be called out the same as if they were being read from the Counter Compartment of the voting machine, provided however the paper recording sheet shall constitute the return sheet for the precinct or consolidated area and no return sheets shall be required. When more than one voting machine is used in the same election precinct, the canvass of the first machine shall be completed before the second and so on. When the canvass of all totals shall have been completed, the precinct election board shall canvass all absentee ballots in the same manner provided by law for canvassing paper ballots. The totals of the absentee votes for each candidate and for each question or other proposition shall be recorded on the return sheets under the totals from the voting machines and the final total of the votes received by each candidate, and each constitutional amendment, question or other proposition, shall be ascertained and recorded in the space provided for that purpose on the return sheets. Upon the completion of the canvass as hereinbefore provided, one of the precinct election officials shall, in a loud and distinct voice announce the total votes received by each candidate, and the total votes cast both for and against each constitutional amendment, question or other proposition, and such proclamation shall be made slowly enough so as to enable anyone desiring to do so, to record each such result as it is announced. Except where a voting machine is equipped with an automatic recording sheet when the proclamation is completed, the election official who announced the totals from the counters of the machine or machines, shall take his place at one of the return sheets and one of the election officials of the opposite party who has completed the recording of the returns on the return sheets shall take his place at the counter compartment of the voting machine first canvassed, and he shall then proceed to announce each total on each registering counter in the same manner as it was done for the first canvass. Before the recheck of the voting machine is begun, the two precinct election officials who are to recheck the totals on the return sheets shall exchange return sheets and each election official shall then, as the canvass proceeds, check each total as it is announced from the registering counters of the voting machine or machines for the second time. As each total is announced each precinct election official who is checking the totals on the return sheets shall repeat in a loud and distinct voice each total as it is announced. If any errors in the original canvass are discovered they shall be corrected at once in the presence of all the precinct election officials and a certificate shall be prepared and signed by each such election official, setting forth which errors were discovered and what corrections were made, and such certificate shall be made in duplicate and one filed with each return sheet. During the process of rechecking each total on the machines, the precinct election official or officials, if any, who at the original canvass acted as watcher or watchers at the registering counters of the machines, shall in the same manner verify the accuracy of each total as it is announced from the machine or machines and is repeated by the two precinct election officials who are rechecking the totals as written on the return sheets. When this recheck is completed the entire precinct election board shall take one of the return sheets and fold it in accordion pleats approximately ten inches wide with the face of the return sheet out, in such a manner that each pleat can easily be turned as the final recheck proceeds. The entire precinct election board shall then begin at the voting machine first canvassed and each such election official shall, simultaneously with the other such election officials, and in the presence of each other, examine each registering counter on the voting machine, and immediately examine the corresponding record for that counter, as it is written on the return sheet, and shall satisfy himself that both numbers are the same. Each total on each voting machine shall be as examined and when such examination has been completed, the entire precinct election board shall then compare each total on such return sheet with the corresponding total on the duplicate return sheet and each precinct election official shall satisfy himself that all totals are the same on both return sheets. Each precinct election official shall sign a certificate stating that each step in the canvass of the voting machines, as provided herein, has been carefully and faithfully carried out in every detail. If any errors are discovered during the final recheck of the registering counters and comparison of the duplicate return sheets, such errors shall be corrected at once, and each precinct election official shall sign a certificate stating which errors were found and what corrections were made and such corrections shall be made in the presence of all the precinct election officials. The precinct election board shall then canvass the irregular ballot in substantially the same manner as the law provides for canvassing the returns for paper ballots, and shall record the results thereof on the return sheets in the space provided for that purpose. Before leaving the room and before closing and locking the counting compartment, each precinct election official shall make and sign the certificate and written statements and the return sheets of such election as provided by law. In precincts where the voting machines are equipped with the automatic recording sheet and two or more machines the total vote cast for each candidate, question or proposition from each machine shall be recorded separately on the statement of votes as provided for in Section 18-14, and the grand total of all votes appearing on the recording sheets shall be recorded on the statement of votes and proclaimed by the judges in the same manner as is herein provided for proclamation of votes from the return sheets. All absentee ballots and irregular ballots of each voting machine shall be returned to the proper officer together with the return sheets and certificates and supplies and such absentee ballots and irregular machine ballots shall be preserved and finally destroyed as is now provided by law when paper ballots are used. The written statements or returns so made, after having been properly signed, shall be distinctly and clearly read in the hearing of all persons present in the polling place, and ample opportunity shall be given to compare the results so certified with the counter dials of the machine. After such comparison and correction, if any is made, the precinct election officials shall then close the counting compartment and lock the same. Thereafter the voting machine shall remain locked and sealed against voting for a period of at least 30 days, after the results of the election have been declared, unless otherwise ordered by the circuit court: provided, however, upon application to the circuit court, the circuit judge may order the said machines opened prior to the thirty day period herein required to be closed. The circuit court in its order shall specify the manner in which the count recorded on the machines shall be taken and preserved: provided, however, when the machines are equipped with any recording or photographic device on which votes registered on the mechanical counters will be separately recorded or photographed, as provided in Section 24-18 hereof, and it is necessary to use said machines at an election occurring within said 30 days, then after the machines have remained locked for a period of 48 hours they may be prepared for such subsequent election as herein provided. Whenever it is necessary to reset the machines for another election prior to the time limit for the filing of election contests, it shall be the duty of the proper officials to make a photographic record of the machines involved to be used in case of an election contest, whereupon the machines may be set back to zero and arranged for the next election.
(Source: P.A. 80-704.)

10 ILCS 5/24-17

    (10 ILCS 5/24-17) (from Ch. 46, par. 24-17)
    Sec. 24-17. All of the keys of the machine or machines other than those automatically sealed in the machine, shall be placed in the envelopes provided for that purpose, and the envelopes shall be sealed and the envelopes shall designate the serial number of the voting machine to which such keys belong, and the number of the precinct and ward in which such voting machine was used at such election, and such keys shall be returned along with the written statements or returns of such election.
(Source: Laws 1943, vol. 2, p. 1.)