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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ELECTIONS
(10 ILCS 5/) Election Code.

10 ILCS 5/13-10a

    (10 ILCS 5/13-10a) (from Ch. 46, par. 13-10a; formerly Ch. 46, pars. 901, 902, 903, 904, 905 and 906)
    Sec. 13-10a. Compensation of judges of special district referenda.
    (a) Unless compensation is otherwise provided by law, if a county or municipality elects to compensate a judge of election who serves a referendum that has been called to create a special district, the judge shall be compensated in the same amount as provided for judges of election in Section 13-10.
    (b) Where the proposed special district being voted upon in an election is wholly included in, or is coterminous with, a municipality, the cost of compensating the judges of election may be borne by the municipality.
    (c) Where the proposed special district being voted upon in an election does not fall entirely within one municipality, the cost of compensating the judges of election may be borne by the county, and where the district includes territory in more than one county, the compensation costs may be apportioned between or among the counties according to the number of precincts within each county that lie in the proposed district.
    (d) Where the referendum for a special district is ordered by a court, and the judges of election are appointed by the court, the court, at the request of a municipality or county, shall assess the cost of compensating the election judges and shall submit a bill for payment to the municipality or county.
    (e) Where the referendum for a special district is conducted by a county clerk or by a board of election commissioners, the clerk or board, at the request of a municipality or county, shall assess the cost of compensation of election judges, and shall submit a bill for payment to the municipality or county.
    (f) No judge of election who is compensated for services as an election judge under any other Section or Act shall be compensated for simultaneous service in a referendum under the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87-1052.)

10 ILCS 5/13-10.1

    (10 ILCS 5/13-10.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 13-10.1)
    Sec. 13-10.1. Whenever a county board requires any township supervisor to oversee the conduct of any election necessitating the personal attendance of such supervisor at two or more polling places, the county board shall compensate such supervisor at the same rate as is paid to a judge of election.
(Source: Laws 1957, p. 2248.)

10 ILCS 5/13-11

    (10 ILCS 5/13-11) (from Ch. 46, par. 13-11)
    Sec. 13-11. It shall be the duty of the county clerk, on the receipt of the election returns of any general or special election, to make out his certificate, stating the compensation to which the judges of each election may be entitled for their services, and lay the same before the county board at its next session; and the board shall order the compensation aforesaid to be paid out of the county treasury. The State Board of Elections shall reimburse such county in the amount of the increase in compensation provided in Public Acts 81-850 and 81-1149 and by this amendatory Act of 1998.
(Source: P.A. 90-672, eff. 7-31-98.)

10 ILCS 5/13-16

    (10 ILCS 5/13-16) (from Ch. 46, par. 13-16)
    Sec. 13-16. Any peace officer attending such election may call to his aid a sufficient number of citizens to arrest any disorderly person or suppress any riot or disorder during the election. Whoever conducts himself in a riotous or disorderly manner at any election, and persists in such conduct after being warned to desist, may be arrested without warrant.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 301.)

10 ILCS 5/Art. 14

 
    (10 ILCS 5/Art. 14 heading)
ARTICLE 14. JUDGES
(IN MUNICIPALITIES UNDER
BOARDS OF ELECTION COMMISSIONERS)

10 ILCS 5/14-1

    (10 ILCS 5/14-1) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-1)
    Sec. 14-1. (a) The board of election commissioners established or existing under Article 6 shall, at the time and in the manner provided in Section 14-3.1, select and choose 5 persons, men or women, as judges of election for each precinct in such city, village or incorporated town.
    Where neither voting machines nor electronic, mechanical or electric voting systems are used, the board of election commissioners may, for any precinct with respect to which the board considers such action necessary or desirable in view of the number of voters, and shall for general elections for any precinct containing more than 600 registered voters, appoint in addition to the 5 judges of election a team of 5 tally judges. In such precincts the judges of election shall preside over the election during the hours the polls are open, and the tally judges, with the assistance of the holdover judges designated pursuant to Section 14-5.2, shall count the vote after the closing of the polls. The tally judges shall possess the same qualifications and shall be appointed in the same manner and with the same division between political parties as is provided for judges of election. The foregoing provisions relating to the appointment of tally judges are inapplicable in counties with a population of 1,000,000 or more.
    (b) To qualify as judges the persons must:
        (1) be citizens of the United States;
        (2) be of good repute and character and not subject
    
to the registration requirement of the Sex Offender Registration Act;
        (3) be able to speak, read and write the English
    
language;
        (4) be skilled in the 4 fundamental rules of
    
arithmetic;
        (5) be of good understanding and capable;
        (6) not be candidates for any office at the election
    
and not be elected committeemen;
        (7) reside and be entitled to vote in the precinct in
    
which they are selected to serve, except that in each precinct not more than one judge of each party may be appointed from outside such precinct. Any judge so appointed to serve in any precinct in which he is not entitled to vote must be entitled to vote elsewhere within the county which encompasses the precinct in which such judge is appointed and such judge must otherwise meet the qualifications of this Section, except as provided in subsection (c) or (c-5).
    (c) An election authority may establish a program to permit a person who is not entitled to vote to be appointed as an election judge if, as of the date of the election at which the person serves as a judge, he or she:
        (1) is a U.S. citizen;
        (2) is a junior or senior in good standing enrolled
    
in a public or private secondary school;
        (3) has a cumulative grade point average equivalent
    
to at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale;
        (4) has the written approval of the principal of the
    
secondary school he or she attends at the time of appointment;
        (5) has the written approval of his or her parent or
    
legal guardian;
        (6) has satisfactorily completed the training course
    
for judges of election described in Sections 13-2.1, 13-2.2, and 14-4.1; and
        (7) meets all other qualifications for appointment
    
and service as an election judge.
    No more than one election judge qualifying under this subsection may serve per political party per precinct. Prior to appointment, a judge qualifying under this subsection must certify in writing to the election authority the political party the judge chooses to affiliate with.
    Students appointed as election judges under this subsection shall not be counted as absent from school on the day they serve as judges.
    (c-5) An election authority may establish a program to permit a person who is not entitled to vote in that precinct or county to be appointed as an election judge if, as of the date of the election at which the person serves as a judge, he or she:
        (1) is a U.S. citizen;
        (2) is currently enrolled in a community college, as
    
defined in the Public Community College Act, or a public or private Illinois university or college;
        (3) has a cumulative grade point average equivalent
    
to at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale;
        (4) has satisfactorily completed the training course
    
for judges of election described in Sections 13-2.1, 13-2.2, and 14-4.1; and
        (5) meets all other qualifications for appointment
    
and service as an election judge.
    No more than one election judge qualifying under this subsection may serve per political party per precinct. Prior to appointment, a judge qualifying under this subsection must certify in writing to the election authority the political party the judge chooses to affiliate with.
    Students appointed as election judges under this subsection shall not be counted as absent from school on the day they serve as judges.
    (d) The board of election commissioners may select 2 additional judges of election, one from each of the major political parties, for each 200 voters in excess of 600 in any precinct having more than 600 voters as authorized by Section 11-3. These additional judges must meet the qualifications prescribed in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-699, eff. 11-9-07; 95-818, eff. 1-1-09; 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

10 ILCS 5/14-3.1

    (10 ILCS 5/14-3.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-3.1)
    Sec. 14-3.1. The board of election commissioners shall, during the month of July of each even-numbered year, select for each election precinct within the jurisdiction of the board 5 persons to be judges of election who shall possess the qualifications required by this Act for such judges. The selection shall be made by a county board of election commissioners in the following manner: the county board of election commissioners shall select and approve 3 persons as judges of election in each election precinct from a certified list furnished by the chairman of the county central committee of the first leading political party in that precinct; the county board of election commissioners also shall select and approve 2 persons as judges of election in each election precinct from a certified list furnished by the chairman of the county central committee of the second leading political party in that precinct. The selection by a municipal board of election commissioners shall be made in the following manner: for each precinct, 3 judges shall be selected from one of the 2 leading political parties and the other 2 judges shall be selected from the other leading political party; the parties entitled to 3 and 2 judges, respectively, in the several precincts shall be determined as provided in Section 14-4. However, a Board of Election Commissioners may appoint three judges of election to serve in lieu of the 5 judges of election otherwise required by this Section to serve in any emergency referendum, or in any odd-year regular election or in any special primary or special election called for the purpose of filling a vacancy in the office of representative in the United States Congress or to nominate candidates for such purpose.
    If only 3 judges of election serve in each election precinct, no more than 2 persons of the same political party shall be judges of election in the same election precinct, and which political party is entitled to 2 judges of election and which political party is entitled to one judge of election shall be determined as set forth in this Section for a county board of election commissioners' selection of 5 election judges in each precinct or in Section 14-4 for a municipal board of election commissioners' selection of election judges in each precinct, whichever is appropriate. In addition to such precinct judges, the board of election commissioners shall appoint special panels of 3 judges each, who shall possess the same qualifications and shall be appointed in the same manner and with the same division between political parties as is provided for other judges of election. The number of such panels of judges required shall be determined by regulation of the State Board of Elections, which shall base the required number of special panels on the number of registered voters in the jurisdiction or the number of absentee ballots voted at recent elections or any combination of such factors. A municipal board of election commissioners shall make the selections of persons qualified under Section 14-1 from certified lists furnished by the chairman of the respective county central committees of the 2 leading political parties. Lists furnished by chairmen of county central committees under this Section shall be arranged according to precincts. The chairman of each county central committee shall, insofar as possible, list persons who reside within the precinct in which they are to serve as judges. However, he may, in his sole discretion, submit the names of persons who reside outside the precinct but within the county embracing the precinct in which they are to serve. He must, however, submit the names of at least 2 residents of the precinct for each precinct in which his party is to have 3 judges and must submit the name of at least one resident of the precinct for each precinct in which his party is to have 2 judges. The board of election commissioners shall no later than March 1 of each even-numbered year notify the chairmen of the respective county central committees of their responsibility to furnish such lists, and each such chairman shall furnish the board of election commissioners with the list for his party on or before May 1 of each even-numbered year. The board of election commissioners shall acknowledge in writing to each county chairman the names of all persons submitted on such certified list and the total number of persons listed thereon. If no such list is furnished or if no names or an insufficient number of names are furnished for certain precincts, the board of election commissioners shall make or complete such list from the names contained in the supplemental list provided for in Section 14-3.2. Judges of election shall hold their office for 2 years from their appointment and until their successors are duly appointed in the manner herein provided. The board of election commissioners shall, subject to the provisions of Section 14-3.2, fill all vacancies in the office of judges of election at any time in the manner herein provided.
    Such selections under this Section shall be confirmed by the court as provided in Section 14-5.
(Source: P.A. 94-1000, eff. 7-3-06.)

10 ILCS 5/14-3.2

    (10 ILCS 5/14-3.2) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-3.2)
    Sec. 14-3.2. In addition to the list provided for in Section 14-3.1, the chairman of the county central committee of each of the 2 leading political parties shall furnish to the board of election commissioners a supplemental list, arranged according to precinct in which they are to serve, of persons available as judges of election, the names and number of all persons listed thereon to be acknowledged in writing to the county chairman submitting such list by the board of election commissioners. The board of election commissioners shall select from this supplemental list persons qualified under Section 14-1, to fill vacancies among the judges of election. If the list provided for in Section 14-3.1 for any precinct is exhausted, then selection shall be made from the supplemental list furnished by the chairman of the county central committee of the party. If such supplemental list is exhausted for any precinct, then selection shall be made from any of the persons on the supplemental list without regard to the precincts in which they are listed to serve. No selection or appointment from the supplemental list shall be made more than 21 days prior to the date of precinct registration for those judges needed as precinct registrars, and more than 45 days prior to the date of an election for those additional persons needed as election judges. In any case where selection cannot be made from the supplemental list without violating Section 14-1, selection shall be made from outside the supplemental list of some person qualified under Section 14-1.
(Source: P.A. 93-574, eff. 8-21-03.)

10 ILCS 5/14-4

    (10 ILCS 5/14-4) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-4)
    Sec. 14-4. The leading political party represented by a minority of all the commissioners in the board shall be entitled to 2 of the judges in each precinct with an even number, and 3 of the judges in each precinct with an odd number, and the other leading political party shall be entitled to 3 judges in the even and 2 judges in the odd number precincts; and if only 3 judges of election serve in each precinct, the leading political party represented by the minority of all the commissioners in the board shall be entitled to one of the judges of election in each precinct with an even number, and 2 of the judges of election in each precinct with an odd number, and the other leading political party shall be entitled to 2 judges of election in the even and one judge of election in the odd number precincts; and it shall be the duty of such commissioners to observe this division in all respects in making such appointments; except that this Section does not apply to appointments by county boards of election commissioners under Section 14-3.1.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

10 ILCS 5/14-4.1

    (10 ILCS 5/14-4.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-4.1)
    Sec. 14-4.1. The Board of Election Commissioners shall establish a training course for judges of election. The curriculum of such course shall be approved by the Board. A suitable certificate shall be issued by the Board to each student upon his satisfactory completion of the course.
    Such course may be established jointly with a course in the county established as provided in Section 13-2.1 of this Act.
    Such course shall be conducted in the manner provided by Section 13-2.2 of this Act.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 3399.)

10 ILCS 5/14-4.5

    (10 ILCS 5/14-4.5)
    Sec. 14-4.5. Time off from work to serve as election judge. Any person who is appointed as an election judge under Section 13-1 or 13-2 may, after giving his or her employer at least 20 days' written notice, be absent from his or her place of work for the purpose of serving as an election judge. An employer may not penalize an employee for that absence other than a deduction in salary for the time the employee was absent from his or her place of employment. An employer may not require an employee to use earned vacation time or any form of paid leave time to serve as an election judge.
    This Section does not apply to an employer with fewer than 25 employees. An employer with more than 25 employees shall not be required to permit more than 10% of the employees to be absent under this Section on the same election day.
(Source: P.A. 98-691, eff. 7-1-14.)

10 ILCS 5/14-5

    (10 ILCS 5/14-5) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-5)
    Sec. 14-5. After the judges are selected and have agreed to serve as provided in Sections 14-1 to 14-4, inclusive, then a report of such selections shall be made and filed in the court, and application shall then be made by the board to the circuit court for their confirmation and appointment, whereupon the court shall enter an order that cause be shown, if any exists, against the confirmation and appointment of such persons so named, on or before the opening of the court on a day to be fixed by the court. And the board of commissioners shall immediately give notice of such order and the names of all such judges so reported to such court for confirmation, and their residence and the precinct for which they were selected, by causing a notice to be published in one or more newspapers in such city, village or incorporated town, and if no newspaper be published in such city, village or incorporated town, then by posting such notice in 3 of the most public places in such city, village or town. The notice shall state that a list of judges of election is available for public inspection in the office of the election authority. If no cause to the contrary is shown prior to the day fixed, and if, in each precinct, at least one judge representing each of the two major political parties has been certified by the board of commissioners as having satisfactorily completed within the preceding 6 months the training course and examination for judges of election, as provided in Section 14-4.1 of this Act such appointments shall be confirmed by order entered by that court.
    If in any precinct the requisite 2 judges have not been so certified by the board of commissioners as having satisfactorily completed such course and examination, the board of commissioners shall immediately notify all judges in that precinct, to whose appointment there is no other objection, that all such judges shall attend the next such course. The board of commissioners shall then certify to the court that all such judges have been so notified (and such certification need contain no detail other than a mere recital). The appointment of such judges shall then be confirmed by order entered by the court. If any judge so notified and so confirmed fails to attend the next such course, such failure shall subject such judge to possible removal from office at the option of the election authority.
    If objections to the appointment of any such judge is filed prior to the day fixed by the court for confirmation of judges, the court shall hear such objections and the evidence introduced in support thereof, and shall confirm or refuse to confirm such nominations, as the interests of the public may require. No reasons may be given for the refusal to confirm. If any vacancies exist by reason of the action of such board or otherwise, at any time, the board of commissioners shall, subject to the provisions of Section 14-3.2, further report and nominate persons to fill such vacancies so existing in the manner aforesaid, and a court in the same way shall consider such nominations and shall confirm or refuse to confirm the same in the manner aforesaid. Upon the confirmation of such judges, at any time, a commission shall issue to each of such judges, under the seal of such court, and appropriate forms shall be prepared by the board of commissioners for such purpose. After such confirmation and acceptance of such commission, such judges shall thereupon become officers of such court. If a vacancy occurs so late that application to and confirmation by the court cannot be had before the election, then the board of commissioners shall, subject to the provisions of Section 14-3.2, make an appointment and issue a commission to such officer or officers, and when thus appointed such officer shall be considered an officer of the court and subject to the same rules and punishment, in case of misbehavior, as if confirmed by the court, and any judge, however appointed, and at whatever time, shall be considered an officer of court, and be subject to the same control and punishment in case of misbehavior. Not more than 10 business days after the day of election, the board of election commissioners shall compile a list containing the name, address and party affiliation of each judge of election who served on the day of election, and shall preserve such list and make it available for public inspection and copying for a period of not more than one year from the date of receipt of such list. Copies of such list shall be available for purchase at a cost not to exceed the cost of duplication. The board of commissioners has the right at any time, in case of misbehavior or neglect of duty, to remove any judge of election, and shall cause such vacancy to be filled in accordance with this Act. Except for judges appointed under subsection (c) of Section 14-1, the board has the right, at any time, to remove any judge of election for failing to vote the primary ballot of the political party he represents at a primary election at which he served as such judge, and shall cause such vacancy to be filled in accordance with this Act. The board shall remove any judge of election who, twice during the same term of office, fails to provide for the opening of the polling place at the time prescribed in Section 17-1 or Section 18-2, whichever is applicable, unless such delay can be demonstrated by the judge of election to be beyond his or her control. In the event that any judge of election is removed for cause, the board shall specify such cause in writing and make such writing a matter of public record, with a copy to be sent to the appropriate county chairman who made the initial recommendation of the election judges. The judges of election must be appointed and confirmed at least 35 days prior to the next election.
    If any vacancy shall occur or exist, more than 5 days before election the judges appointed to such places must be confirmed by such court. Such commissioners shall not voluntarily remove any judge within 5 days of such election, except for flagrant misbehavior, incapacity or dishonesty, and the reasons therefor must afterwards be reported in writing to such court and made a matter of public record, with a copy to be sent to the appropriate county chairman who made the initial recommendation of the election judge. If such removal be wilful and without cause, the commissioners shall be punished for contempt of court and subject to removal. The board of election commissioners shall have the power on election day to remove without cause any judge of election appointed by the other judges of election pursuant to Section 14-6 and to appoint another judge of election to serve for that election. Such substitute judge of election must be selected, where possible, pursuant to the provisions of Section 14-3.2 and must be qualified in accordance with Section 14-1.
(Source: P.A. 90-672, eff. 7-31-98; 91-352, eff. 1-1-00.)

10 ILCS 5/14-5.1

    (10 ILCS 5/14-5.1) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-5.1)
    Sec. 14-5.1. Each judge of election shall be identified as such by a suitable badge or label authorized and issued by the board of election commissioners and bearing the date of the election for which issued. On such badge, the judge shall print his or her name and the ward or township and precinct number in which he or she is serving.
(Source: P.A. 84-971.)

10 ILCS 5/14-5.2

    (10 ILCS 5/14-5.2) (from Ch. 46, par. 14-5.2)
    Sec. 14-5.2. For each precinct in which there are 2 teams of judges, the board of election commissioners shall designate 2 of the judges of election, one from each political party, as holdover judges. The holdover judges shall be on duty during the entire time from the opening of the polls until the conclusion of the counting of the vote.
(Source: P.A. 76-1224.)