Illinois Compiled Statutes
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ELECTIONS10 ILCS 5/11-3
(10 ILCS 5/) Election Code.
(10 ILCS 5/11-3)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-3)
It shall be the duty of the Board of Commissioners
established by Article 6 of this Act, within 2 months after its first
organization, to divide the city, village or incorporated town which may
adopt or is operating under Article 6, into election precincts, each of
which shall be situated within a single congressional, legislative
and representative district insofar as
is practicable and in not more than one County Board district and one
in order to situate each precinct within a single district or ward, the
Board of Election Commissioners shall change the boundaries of election
precincts after each
decennial census as soon as is practicable following the completion of
congressional and legislative redistricting
and such precincts
shall contain as nearly as practicable 600 qualified voters, and in
making such division and establishing such precincts such board shall
take as a basis the poll books, or the number of votes cast at the
previous presidential election. Within 90 days after each presidential
election, such board in a city with fewer than 500,000 inhabitants, village
or incorporated town shall revise and rearrange such precincts on the
basis of the votes cast at such election, making such precincts to
contain, as near as practicable, 600 actual voters; but at any time in
all instances where the vote cast at any precinct, at any election,
equals 800, there must be a rearrangement so as to reduce the vote to
the standard of 600 as near as may be. However, any apartment building
in which more than 800 registered voters reside may be made a single
precinct even though the vote in such precinct exceeds 800.
Within 90 days after each presidential election, a board in a city with
more than 500,000 inhabitants shall revise and rearrange such precincts on
the basis of the votes cast at such election, making such precincts to
contain, as near as practicable, 400 actual voters; but at any time in all
instances where the vote cast at any precinct, at any election, equals 600,
there must be a rearrangement so as to reduce the vote to the standard of
400 as near as may be. However, any apartment building in which more than
600 registered voters reside may be made a single precinct even though the
vote in such precinct exceeds 600.
Immediately after the annexation of territory to the city, village or
incorporated town becomes effective the Board of Election Commissioners
shall revise and rearrange election precincts therein to include such
Provided, however, that at any election where but one candidate is
nominated and is to be voted upon at any election held in any political
subdivision of a city, village or incorporated town, the Board of
Election Commissioners shall have the power in such political
subdivision to determine the number of voting precincts to be
established in such political subdivision at such election, without
reference to the number of qualified voters therein. The precincts in
each ward, village or incorporated town shall be numbered from one
upwards, consecutively, with no omission.
The provisions of this Section apply to all precincts, including
those where voting machines or electronic voting systems are used.
(Source: P.A. 84-1308.)
10 ILCS 5/11-4
(10 ILCS 5/11-4)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-4)
It shall be the duty of the Board of Election Commissioners,
established under Article 6 of this Act, to appoint the place of registry
in each precinct for the first registration under Article 6 of this Act and
the places for registry in subsequent registrations in the manner provided
by such Article, and also the polling place in each precinct in such city,
village or incorporated town which has adopted or is operating under said
Article 6, and to give public notice thereof, and shall cause the same to
be fitted up, warmed, lighted and cleaned, but in each election precinct
and in each area for which a registration place is designated such place or
places shall be in the most public, orderly and convenient portions
thereof, and no building or part of a building shall be designated or used
as a place of registry, or revision of registration, or as a polling place,
in which spirituous or intoxicating liquor is sold. Provided, however,
where the Board of Election Commissioners is unable to secure a suitable
polling place within the boundaries of a precinct, it may select a polling
place on a street immediately adjacent to and adjoining the precinct. Said
Board of Election Commissioners may demand of the chief of police or the
sheriff, to furnish officers of the law to attend during the progress of
any registration, revision or election, at any place or places of
registration, or any polling place, or places, designated by said
commissioners, or to attend at any meeting of said commissioners. Said
officers of the law, shall be furnished by said chief of police or sheriff
and shall be stationed in the place or places of registration and polling
place or places in such manner as said commissioners shall direct, and
during said assignment shall be under the direction and control of the
Notwithstanding the above, when there
are no more than 50 registered voters in a precinct
who are entitled to
vote in a local government or school district election,
the election authority
having jurisdiction over the precinct,
is authorized to reassign such voters
to one or more polling
places in adjacent precincts, within or without the
election authority's jurisdiction, for that election. For
the purposes of such local government or school district election only, the
votes of the reassigned voters
shall be tallied and canvassed as votes from the precinct of the polling place to which
such voters have been reassigned.
The election authority having jurisdiction over the precinct shall approve
all administrative and polling place procedures.
Such procedures shall take into account voter convenience, and ensure that the
integrity of the election process is maintained and that the secrecy of the
ballot is not violated.
Except in the event of a fire, flood or total loss of heat in a place
fixed or established by the Board of Election Commissioners pursuant to
this Section as a polling place for an election, no election authority
shall change the location of a polling place so established for any
precinct after notice of the place of holding the election for that
precinct has been given as required under Article 12 unless the election
authority notifies all registered voters in the precinct of the change in
location by first class mail in sufficient time for such notice to be
received by the registered voters in the precinct at least one day prior to
the date of the election.
(Source: P.A. 86-867.)
10 ILCS 5/11-4.1
(10 ILCS 5/11-4.1)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-4.1)
(a) In appointing polling places under this Article, the
county board or board of election commissioners shall, insofar as they are
convenient and available, use schools and other public buildings as polling
(b) Upon request of the county board or board of election commissioners,
the proper agency of government (including school districts and units of
local government) shall make a public building under its control available
for use as a polling place on an election day and for a reasonably
necessary time before and after election day, without charge.
If the county board or board of election commissioners chooses a school
to be a polling place, then the school district must make the school
available for use as a polling place.
However, for the day of the election, a school district is encouraged to (i) close the school or (ii) hold a teachers institute on that day with students not in attendance.
(c) A government agency which makes a public building under its
control available for use as a polling place shall (i) ensure the portion of
the building to be used as the polling place is accessible to voters with disabilities
and elderly voters and (ii) allow the election authority to administer the election as authorized under this Code.
(d) If a qualified elector's precinct polling place is a school and the elector will be unable to enter that polling place without violating Section 11-9.3 of the Criminal Code of 2012 because the elector is a child sex offender as defined in Section 11-9.3 of the Criminal Code of 2012, that elector may vote by a vote by mail ballot in accordance with Article 19 of this Code or may vote early in accordance with Article 19A of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 98-773, eff. 7-18-14; 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
10 ILCS 5/11-4.2
(10 ILCS 5/11-4.2)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-4.2)
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) all
polling places shall be accessible to voters with disabilities and elderly voters, as
determined by rule of the State Board of Elections.
(b) Subsection (a) of this Section shall not apply to a polling place
(1) in the case of an emergency, as determined by the State Board of
Elections; or (2) if the State Board of Elections (A) determines that all
potential polling places have been surveyed and no such accessible place is
available, nor is the election authority able to make one accessible; and
(B) assures that any voter with a disability or elderly voter assigned to an
inaccessible polling place, upon advance request of such voter (pursuant to
procedures established by rule of the State Board of Elections) will be
provided with an alternative means for casting a ballot on the day of the
election or will be assigned to an accessible polling place.
(c) No later than December 31 of each even numbered year, the State
Board of Elections shall report to the Federal Election Commission the
number of accessible and inaccessible polling places in the State on the
date of the next preceding general election, and the reasons for any
instance of inaccessibility.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
10 ILCS 5/11-4.3
(10 ILCS 5/11-4.3)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-4.3)
All polling places and permanent registration
facilities shall have available registration and voting aids for
persons with disabilities and elderly individuals including instructions, printed in
large type, conspicuously displayed.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
10 ILCS 5/11-5
(10 ILCS 5/11-5)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-5)
If any election district or precinct subject to the
jurisdiction of a county
board or a board of election commissioners in a city with fewer than
500,000 inhabitants, village or incorporated town casts more than 800 votes
each at two consecutive general November
elections for State officers, the state's attorney, upon
the request of an elector in any such district or precinct, shall apply to
the Circuit Court for relief by mandamus to compel the
appropriate board to
divide such district or precinct as required by law. Any relief so granted
shall not apply to any election occurring within 60 days thereafter.
If any election precinct subject to the jurisdiction of a board of
election commissioners in a city with more than 500,000
inhabitants casts more than 600 votes at each of the two consecutive general
November elections for State officers, the state's
attorney, upon the request of an elector in any such precinct,
shall apply to the Circuit Court for relief by mandamus to compel the
appropriate board to divide such precinct as required by law.
Any relief so granted shall not apply to any election occurring within 60
(Source: P.A. 84-323.)
10 ILCS 5/11-5.1
(10 ILCS 5/11-5.1)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-5.1)
The county board or board of election commissioners, as the case may be,
responsible for the establishment of election precincts, shall include
within some precinct any military establishment which is situated within
the boundaries of the county or municipality, as the case may be.
(Source: P.A. 76-1830.)
10 ILCS 5/11-6
(10 ILCS 5/11-6)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-6)
Within 60 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, each election authority shall transmit to the principal office of the State Board of
Elections and publish on any website maintained by the election authority maps in electronic portable document format (.PDF) showing the current boundaries of all the precincts within its jurisdiction. Whenever election precincts in an election jurisdiction have been redivided or readjusted, the county board or board of election commissioners shall prepare maps in electronic portable document format (.PDF) showing such election precinct boundaries no later than 90 days before the next scheduled election. The maps shall show the boundaries of all political subdivisions and districts. The county board or board of election commissioners shall immediately forward copies thereof to the chairman of each county central committee in the county, to each township, ward, or precinct committeeman, and each local election official whose political subdivision is wholly or partly in the county and, upon request, shall furnish copies thereof to each candidate for political or public office in the county and shall transmit copies thereof to the principal office of the State Board of Elections and publish copies thereof on any website maintained by the election authority.
(Source: P.A. 98-691, eff. 7-1-14.)
10 ILCS 5/11-7
(10 ILCS 5/11-7)
(from Ch. 46, par. 11-7)
For the purpose of the conduct of any consolidated election,
consolidated primary election, special
municipal primary election or emergency referendum, an election
authority may cluster up to four contiguous precincts as provided in
this Section, which shall constitute a clustered voting zone. The
common polling place for the clustered voting zone shall be located
within the territory comprising the clustered precincts. Unless the election
authority specifies a larger number, only one election judge shall be appointed
for each of the precincts in each clustered voting zone.
The judges so appointed may not all be affiliated with the same
The conduct of an election in a clustered voting zone shall be under
the general supervision of all the judges of election designated to
serve in the clustered voting zone. The designated judges may perform
the duties of election judges for the entire clustered voting zone.
However, the requirements of Section 17-14 shall apply to voter
assistance, the requirements of Section 24-10 shall apply to voter
instruction, the requirement of Section 24A-10 shall apply to
examination of vote by mail ballots, and any disputes as to entitlement to
vote, challenges, counting of ballots or other matters pertaining
directly to voting shall be decided by those designated judges appointed
for the precinct in which the affected voter resides or the disputed
vote is to be counted.
This Section does not apply to any elections in municipalities with more
than 1,000,000 inhabitants.
(Source: P.A. 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15
10 ILCS 5/Art. 12
(10 ILCS 5/Art. 12 heading)
NOTICE OF ELECTION
10 ILCS 5/12-1
(10 ILCS 5/12-1)
(from Ch. 46, par. 12-1)
At least 60 days prior to each general and consolidated election,
the election authority shall provide public notice, calculated to reach
elderly voters and voters with disabilities, of the availability of registration and
voting aids under the Federal Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and
Handicapped Act, of the availability of assistance in marking the ballot,
procedures for voting by vote by mail ballot, and procedures for voting
early by personal appearance.
At least 30 days before any general election, and at least 20 days
before any special congressional election, the
county clerk shall publish a notice of the election in 2 or more
newspapers published in the county, city, village,
incorporated town or town, as the case may be, or if there is no such
newspaper, then in any 2 or more newspapers published in the
county and having a general circulation throughout the community. The
notice may be substantially as follows:
Notice is hereby given that on (give date), at (give the place of
holding the election and the name of the precinct or district) in the
county of (name county), an election will be held for (give the title of
the several offices to be filled), which election will be open at 6:00
a.m. and continued open until 7:00 p.m. of that day.
Dated at .... on (insert date).
(Source: P.A. 98-1171, eff. 6-1-15; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)
10 ILCS 5/12-3
(10 ILCS 5/12-3)
(from Ch. 46, par. 12-3)
In any city, village or incorporated town operating under
Article 6 of this Act, the Board of Election Commissioners shall give
timely notice through the press of the time and place of election in each
precinct or consolidated area of such city, village or incorporated town.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 2492.)
10 ILCS 5/12-4
(10 ILCS 5/12-4)
(from Ch. 46, par. 12-4)
Not more than 30 nor less than 10 days prior to the date of
the consolidated and
nonpartisan elections, each election authority
shall publish notice
of the election of officers of each political subdivision to be conducted
in his or its jurisdiction on such election date. The notice of election
shall be published once in one or more newspapers
published in each political subdivision, and if there is no such newspaper,
then published once in a local, community newspaper having
general circulation in the subdivision, and also once in a newspaper published
in the county wherein the political subdivisions or portions thereof, having
such elections are situated.
The notice shall be substantially in the form prescribed in Section
12-1, and may include notice of the location of the
precincts and polling places within or including part of the political
subdivision in which the election is to be conducted.
Not less than 10 days before each such election, the election authority
shall publish notice of the precincts and the location of the polling
places where the election will be conducted for political subdivisions
wholly or partially within its jurisdiction. The election authority
shall cause publication in the manner heretofore prescribed for the notice of election.
(Source: P.A. 81-963.)
10 ILCS 5/12-5
(10 ILCS 5/12-5)
(from Ch. 46, par. 12-5)
Notice for public questions.
For all elections held after July
1, 1999, notice of public
questions shall be required only as set forth in this
Section or as set forth in Section 17-3 or 19-3 of the School Code. Not
30 days nor less than 10 days before the date of a
regular election at which a public question is to be submitted to the voters of
a political or governmental subdivision, and at least 20 days before an
emergency referendum, the election authority shall publish notice of the
referendum. The notice shall be published once in a local, community newspaper
having general circulation in the political or governmental subdivision. The
notice shall also be given at least 10 days before the date of the election by
posting a copy of the notice at the principal office of the election
authority. The local election official shall also post a copy of the notice at
the principal office of the political or governmental
subdivision, or if there is no principal office at the building in which the
governing body of the political or governmental subdivision held its first
meeting of the calendar year in which the referendum is being held. The
election authority and the political or governmental subdivision may, but are
not required to, post the notice electronically on their World Wide Web pages.
The notice, which shall appear over the name or title of the election
authority, shall be substantially in the following form:
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that at the election to be
held on (insert day of the week), (insert date of election), the following proposition will be submitted to the voters of (name of political or governmental subdivision):
(insert the public question as it will appear on the
The polls at the election will be open at 6:00
o'clock A.M. and will continue to be open until 7:00 o'clock P.M. of that day.
Dated (date of notice)
(Name or title of the election authority)
The notice shall also include any additional information required by the statute authorizing the public question. The notice may include an explanation, in neutral and plain language, of the question and its purposes supplied by the governing body of the political or governmental subdivision to whose voters the question is to be submitted. The notice shall set forth the
precincts and polling places at which the referendum will be conducted only in
the case of emergency referenda.
(Source: P.A. 92-6, eff. 6-7-01; 93-847, eff. 7-30-04.)
10 ILCS 5/12-6
(10 ILCS 5/12-6)
(from Ch. 46, par. 12-6)
Whenever a requirement in this Code for the publication
of any notice of an election cannot be complied with because of the
absence of any qualified newspaper of local or general circulation in accordance
with such requirements, notice shall be given by posting the required
notice in 5 public places in the political subdivision. Notwithstanding
any other publication of notice requirement, notice of municipal
elections and referenda in municipalities with a population of less than
500 persons may be given by posting the required notice in 5 public
places in the municipality in lieu of publication.
(Source: P.A. 81-963.)
10 ILCS 5/Art. 12A
(10 ILCS 5/Art. 12A heading)
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05.)
10 ILCS 5/12A-2
(10 ILCS 5/12A-2)
As used in this Article, unless the context
"Board" means the State Board of Elections.
"Internet Guide" refers to information disseminated by the State Board of
Elections on a website, pursuant to Section 12A-5.
"Local election authority" means a county clerk or board of election
"Public question" or "question" means any question, proposition, or
submitted to the voters under Article 28 of this Code.
"Statewide candidate" means any candidate who runs for a statewide office,
including Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State,
Treasurer, Comptroller, United States President, or United States Senator.
"Voters' guide" means any information disseminated by the State Board of
Elections pursuant to
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05.)
10 ILCS 5/12A-5
(10 ILCS 5/12A-5)
The Board shall publish, no later than the 45th day before a general election
in which a
statewide candidate appears on the ballot, an Internet website with the
(1) The date and time of the general election.
(2) Requirements for a citizen to qualify as an
(3) The deadline for registering as an elector in the
State of Illinois for the next election.
(4) Contact information for local election
(5) A description of the following offices, when they
appear on the ballot, including their term of office, basic duties, and base salary: United States President, United States Senator, United States Representative, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller, Illinois Supreme Court Judge, and Illinois Appellate Court Judge. The Board shall not include information on any office other than the offices listed in this item (5).
(6) The names and party affiliations of qualified
candidates for the following offices, when these offices appear on the ballot: United States President, United States Senator, United States Representative, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller, Illinois Supreme Court Judge, and Illinois Appellate Court Judge. The Board shall not include information on candidates for any office other than the offices listed in this item (6).
(7) Challenged candidates. Where a candidate's right
to appear on the general election ballot has been challenged, and any appeal remains pending regarding those challenges, the challenged candidate may appear on the Internet Guide, subject to the other provisions of Section 12A-10. In this instance, the Board may note that the candidate's candidacy has been challenged and that he or she may be removed from the ballot prior to election day. If the candidate is removed from the ballot prior to election day, the Board shall remove the candidate's name and other information from the Internet Guide.
(8) Any personal statement and photograph submitted
by a candidate named in the Internet Guide, subject to Sections 12A-10 and 12A-35.
(9) A means by which an elector may determine what
type of balloting equipment is used by his or her local election authority, and the instructions for properly using that equipment.
(10) The text of any public question that may appear
(11) A mechanism by which electors may determine in
which congressional and judicial districts they reside. The Internet Guide shall allow visitors to search for candidates by office (e.g., Governor or United States Senator) and candidate's name.
(12) Information concerning how to become an election
The Board shall archive the contents of the Internet Guide for a period of at
In addition, the Board has the discretion to publish a voters' guide before a general primary election in the manner provided in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05.)
10 ILCS 5/12A-10
(10 ILCS 5/12A-10)
Candidate statements and photographs in the Internet Guide.
(a) Any candidate whose name appears in the Internet Guide may submit a
statement and a photograph to appear in the Internet Guide, provided that:
(1) No personal statement may exceed a brief
biography (name, age, education, and current employment) and an additional 400 words.
(2) Personal statements may include contact
information for the candidate, including the address and phone number of the campaign headquarters, and the candidate's website.
(3) Personal statements may not mention a candidate's
(4) No personal statement may include language that
may not be legally sent through the mail.
(5) The photograph shall be a conventional photograph
with a plain background and show only the face, or the head, neck, and shoulders, of the candidate.
(6) The photograph shall not (i) show the candidate's
hands, anything in the candidate's hands, or the candidate wearing a judicial robe, a hat, or a military, police, or fraternal uniform or (ii) include the uniform or insignia of any organization.
(b) The Board must note in the text of the Internet Guide that personal
submitted by the candidate or his or her designee and were not edited by the
(c) Where a candidate declines to submit a statement, the Board may note
candidate declined to submit a statement.
(e) Anyone other than the candidate submitting a statement or photograph
candidate must attest that he or she is doing so on behalf and at the direction
candidate. The Board may assess a civil fine of no more than $1,000 against a
person or entity who falsely
submits a statement or photograph not authorized by the
(f) Nothing in this Article makes the author of any statement exempt from
criminal action because of any defamatory statements offered for posting or
the Internet Guide. The persons writing, signing, or offering a statement for
the Internet Guide are deemed to be its authors and publishers, and the
Board shall not
be liable in any case or action relating to the content of any material
submitted by any
(g) The Board may set reasonable deadlines for the submission of personal
(h) The Board may set formats for the submission of statements and
Board may require that statements and photographs are submitted in an
collected pursuant to subsection
(e) of this Section shall be deposited into the Voters' Guide Fund, a special fund created in the State treasury. Moneys in the Voters' Guide Fund shall be appropriated solely to the State Board of Elections for use in the implementation and administration of this Article 12A.
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05; 95-699, eff. 11-9-07.)
10 ILCS 5/12A-15
(10 ILCS 5/12A-15)
The Board may translate all of the material it is
provide for the Internet Guide into other languages as it deems necessary to
the federal Voting Rights Act or at its discretion. Visitors to the site shall
option of viewing the Guide in all languages into which the Guide has been
Candidates may, at their option and expense, submit statements in languages
English. The Board shall not be responsible for translating candidate
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05.)
10 ILCS 5/12A-35
(10 ILCS 5/12A-35)
Board's review of candidate photograph and statement;
(a) If a candidate files a photograph and statement
under item (8) of Section 12A-5 in a voters' guide, the Board shall review the
statement to ensure that they comply with the requirements of Section 12A-10. Review by the Board under this Section shall be limited
determining whether the photograph and statement comply with the requirements
Section 12A-10 and may not include any determination relating
accuracy or truthfulness of the substance or contents of the materials filed.
(b) The Board shall review each photograph and statement. If the Board
that the photograph or statement of a candidate must be revised in order to
the requirements of Section 12A-10, the Board
attempt to contact the candidate. A candidate contacted by the Board under this Section
file a revised photograph or statement no later than the 5th
(c) If the Board is required to attempt to contact a candidate under
subsection (b) of this
Section, the Board shall attempt to contact the candidate by telephone or by
electronic transmission facsimile machine, if such contact information is
provided by the
(d) If the Board is unable to contact a candidate, if the candidate does
not file a
revised photograph or statement, or if the revised filing under subsection (b)
fails to meet the standards of review set by the Board:
(1) If a photograph does not comply with Section
12A-10, the Board may modify the photograph. The candidate shall pay the expense of any modification before publication of the photograph in the voters' guide. If the photograph cannot be modified to comply with Section 12A-10, the photograph shall not be printed in the guide.
(2) If a statement does not comply with Section
12A-10, the statement shall not be published in the voters' guide.
(e) If the photograph or statement of a candidate filed under item (8)
12A-5 does not comply with a requirement
of Section 12A-10 and the Board does not attempt to contact the
specified in subsection (b) of this Section, then, for purposes of this Section
photograph or statement shall be published as filed.
(f) A candidate revising a photograph or statement under this Section shall
those revisions necessary to comply with Section 12A-10.
(g) The Board may by rule define the term "contact" as used in this
(Source: P.A. 94-645, eff. 8-22-05; 95-699, eff. 11-9-07.)