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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/6-100

    (625 ILCS 5/6-100) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-100)
    Sec. 6-100. Definitions. For the purposes of this Chapter, the following words shall have the meanings ascribed to them:
    (a) Application Process. The process of obtaining a driver's license, identification card, or permit. The process begins when a person enters a Secretary of State Driver Services facility and requests a driver's license, identification card or permit.
    (b) Conviction. A final adjudication of guilty by a court of competent jurisdiction either after a bench trial, trial by jury, plea of guilty, order of forfeiture, or default.
    (c) Identification Card. A document made or issued by or under the authority of the United States Government, the State of Illinois or any other state or political subdivision thereof, or any governmental or quasi-governmental organization that, when completed with information concerning the individual, is of a type intended or commonly accepted for the purpose of identifying the individual.
(Source: P.A. 89-283, eff. 1-1-96.)

625 ILCS 5/6-101

    (625 ILCS 5/6-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-101)
    Sec. 6-101. Drivers must have licenses or permits.
    (a) No person, except those expressly exempted by Section 6-102, shall drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State unless such person has a valid license or permit, or a restricted driving permit, issued under the provisions of this Act.
    (b) No person shall drive a motor vehicle unless he holds a valid license or permit, or a restricted driving permit issued under the provisions of Section 6-205, 6-206, or 6-113 of this Act. Any person to whom a license is issued under the provisions of this Act must surrender to the Secretary of State all valid licenses or permits, except that an applicant for a non-domiciled commercial learner's permit or commercial driver's license shall not be required to surrender a license or permit issued by the applicant's state or country of domicile. No drivers license or instruction permit shall be issued to any person who holds a valid Foreign State license, identification card, or permit unless such person first surrenders to the Secretary of State any such valid Foreign State license, identification card, or permit.
    (b-5) Any person who commits a violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor, if at the time of the violation the person's driver's license or permit was cancelled under clause (a)9 of Section 6-201 of this Code.
    (c) Any person licensed as a driver hereunder shall not be required by any city, village, incorporated town or other municipal corporation to obtain any other license to exercise the privilege thereby granted.
    (d) In addition to other penalties imposed under this Section, any person in violation of this Section who is also in violation of Section 7-601 of this Code relating to mandatory insurance requirements shall have his or her motor vehicle immediately impounded by the arresting law enforcement officer. The motor vehicle may be released to any licensed driver upon a showing of proof of insurance for the motor vehicle that was impounded and the notarized written consent for the release by the vehicle owner.
    (e) In addition to other penalties imposed under this Section, the vehicle of any person in violation of this Section who is also in violation of Section 7-601 of this Code relating to mandatory insurance requirements and who, in violating this Section, has caused death or personal injury to another person is subject to forfeiture under Sections 36-1 and 36-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012. For the purposes of this Section, a personal injury shall include any type A injury as indicated on the traffic accident report completed by a law enforcement officer that requires immediate professional attention in either a doctor's office or a medical facility. A type A injury shall include severely bleeding wounds, distorted extremities, and injuries that require the injured party to be carried from the scene.
(Source: P.A. 97-229, eff. 7-28-11; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-176 (see Section 10 of P.A. 98-722 and Section 10 of P.A. 99-414 for the effective date of changes made by P.A. 98-176).)

625 ILCS 5/6-102

    (625 ILCS 5/6-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-102)
    Sec. 6-102. What persons are exempt. The following persons are exempt from the requirements of Section 6-101 and are not required to have an Illinois drivers license or permit if one or more of the following qualifying exemptions are met and apply:
        1. Any employee of the United States Government or
    
any member of the Armed Forces of the United States, while operating a motor vehicle owned by or leased to the United States Government and being operated on official business need not be licensed;
        2. A nonresident who has in his immediate possession
    
a valid license issued to him in his home state or country may operate a motor vehicle for which he is licensed for the period during which he is in this State;
        3. A nonresident and his spouse and children living
    
with him who is a student at a college or university in Illinois who have a valid license issued by their home State.
        4. A person operating a road machine temporarily upon
    
a highway or operating a farm tractor between the home farm buildings and any adjacent or nearby farm land for the exclusive purpose of conducting farm operations need not be licensed as a driver.
        5. A resident of this State who has been serving as a
    
member or as a civilian employee of the Armed Forces of the United States, or as a civilian employee of the United States Department of Defense, outside the Continental limits of the United States, for a period of 120 days following his return to the continental limits of the United States.
        6. A nonresident on active duty in the Armed Forces
    
of the United States who has a valid license issued by his home state and such nonresident's spouse, and dependent children and living with parents, who have a valid license issued by their home state.
        7. A nonresident who becomes a resident of this
    
State, may for a period of the first 90 days of residence in Illinois operate any motor vehicle which he was qualified or licensed to drive by his home state or country so long as he has in his possession, a valid and current license issued to him by his home state or country. Upon expiration of such 90 day period, such new resident must comply with the provisions of this Act and apply for an Illinois license or permit.
        8. An engineer, conductor, brakeman, or any other
    
member of the crew of a locomotive or train being operated upon rails, including operation on a railroad crossing over a public street, road or highway. Such person is not required to display a driver's license to any law enforcement officer in connection with the operation of a locomotive or train within this State.
    The provisions of this Section granting exemption to any nonresident shall be operative to the same extent that the laws of the State or country of such nonresident grant like exemption to residents of this State.
    The Secretary of State may implement the exemption provisions of this Section by inclusion thereof in a reciprocity agreement, arrangement or declaration issued pursuant to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-118, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/6-103

    (625 ILCS 5/6-103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-103)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 99-511)
    Sec. 6-103. What persons shall not be licensed as drivers or granted permits. The Secretary of State shall not issue, renew, or allow the retention of any driver's license nor issue any permit under this Code:
        1. To any person, as a driver, who is under the age
    
of 18 years except as provided in Section 6-107, and except that an instruction permit may be issued under Section 6-107.1 to a child who is not less than 15 years of age if the child is enrolled in an approved driver education course as defined in Section 1-103 of this Code and requires an instruction permit to participate therein, except that an instruction permit may be issued under the provisions of Section 6-107.1 to a child who is 17 years and 3 months of age without the child having enrolled in an approved driver education course and except that an instruction permit may be issued to a child who is at least 15 years and 3 months of age, is enrolled in school, meets the educational requirements of the Driver Education Act, and has passed examinations the Secretary of State in his or her discretion may prescribe;
        1.5. To any person at least 18 years of age but less
    
than 21 years of age unless the person has, in addition to any other requirements of this Code, successfully completed an adult driver education course as provided in Section 6-107.5 of this Code;
        2. To any person who is under the age of 18 as an
    
operator of a motorcycle other than a motor driven cycle unless the person has, in addition to meeting the provisions of Section 6-107 of this Code, successfully completed a motorcycle training course approved by the Illinois Department of Transportation and successfully completes the required Secretary of State's motorcycle driver's examination;
        3. To any person, as a driver, whose driver's license
    
or permit has been suspended, during the suspension, nor to any person whose driver's license or permit has been revoked, except as provided in Sections 6-205, 6-206, and 6-208;
        4. To any person, as a driver, who is a user of
    
alcohol or any other drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle;
        5. To any person, as a driver, who has previously
    
been adjudged to be afflicted with or suffering from any mental or physical disability or disease and who has not at the time of application been restored to competency by the methods provided by law;
        6. To any person, as a driver, who is required by the
    
Secretary of State to submit an alcohol and drug evaluation or take an examination provided for in this Code unless the person has successfully passed the examination and submitted any required evaluation;
        7. To any person who is required under the provisions
    
of the laws of this State to deposit security or proof of financial responsibility and who has not deposited the security or proof;
        8. To any person when the Secretary of State has good
    
cause to believe that the person by reason of physical or mental disability would not be able to safely operate a motor vehicle upon the highways, unless the person shall furnish to the Secretary of State a verified written statement, acceptable to the Secretary of State, from a competent medical specialist, a licensed physician assistant, or a licensed advanced practice nurse, to the effect that the operation of a motor vehicle by the person would not be inimical to the public safety;
        9. To any person, as a driver, who is 69 years of age
    
or older, unless the person has successfully complied with the provisions of Section 6-109;
        10. To any person convicted, within 12 months of
    
application for a license, of any of the sexual offenses enumerated in paragraph 2 of subsection (b) of Section 6-205;
        11. To any person who is under the age of 21 years
    
with a classification prohibited in paragraph (b) of Section 6-104 and to any person who is under the age of 18 years with a classification prohibited in paragraph (c) of Section 6-104;
        12. To any person who has been either convicted of or
    
adjudicated under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 based upon a violation of the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act while that person was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle. For purposes of this Section, any person placed on probation under Section 10 of the Cannabis Control Act, Section 410 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or Section 70 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall not be considered convicted. Any person found guilty of this offense, while in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, shall have an entry made in the court record by the judge that this offense did occur while the person was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle and order the clerk of the court to report the violation to the Secretary of State as such. The Secretary of State shall not issue a new license or permit for a period of one year;
        13. To any person who is under the age of 18 years
    
and who has committed the offense of operating a motor vehicle without a valid license or permit in violation of Section 6-101 or a similar out of state offense;
        14. To any person who is 90 days or more delinquent
    
in court ordered child support payments or has been adjudicated in arrears in an amount equal to 90 days' obligation or more and who has been found in contempt of court for failure to pay the support, subject to the requirements and procedures of Article VII of Chapter 7 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        14.5. To any person certified by the Illinois
    
Department of Healthcare and Family Services as being 90 days or more delinquent in payment of support under an order of support entered by a court or administrative body of this or any other State, subject to the requirements and procedures of Article VII of Chapter 7 of this Code regarding those certifications;
        15. To any person released from a term of
    
imprisonment for violating Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide or for violating subparagraph (F) of paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of Section 11-501 of this Code relating to aggravated driving under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or any combination thereof, if the violation was the proximate cause of a death, within 24 months of release from a term of imprisonment;
        16. To any person who, with intent to influence any
    
act related to the issuance of any driver's license or permit, by an employee of the Secretary of State's Office, or the owner or employee of any commercial driver training school licensed by the Secretary of State, or any other individual authorized by the laws of this State to give driving instructions or administer all or part of a driver's license examination, promises or tenders to that person any property or personal advantage which that person is not authorized by law to accept. Any persons promising or tendering such property or personal advantage shall be disqualified from holding any class of driver's license or permit for 120 consecutive days. The Secretary of State shall establish by rule the procedures for implementing this period of disqualification and the procedures by which persons so disqualified may obtain administrative review of the decision to disqualify;
        17. To any person for whom the Secretary of State
    
cannot verify the accuracy of any information or documentation submitted in application for a driver's license; or
        18. To any person who has been adjudicated under the
    
Juvenile Court Act of 1987 based upon an offense that is determined by the court to have been committed in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang, as provided in Section 5-710 of that Act, and that involved the operation or use of a motor vehicle or the use of a driver's license or permit. The person shall be denied a license or permit for the period determined by the court.
    The Secretary of State shall retain all conviction information, if the information is required to be held confidential under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
(Source: P.A. 98-167, eff. 7-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-173, eff. 7-29-15.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 99-511)
    Sec. 6-103. What persons shall not be licensed as drivers or granted permits. The Secretary of State shall not issue, renew, or allow the retention of any driver's license nor issue any permit under this Code:
        1. To any person, as a driver, who is under the age
    
of 18 years except as provided in Section 6-107, and except that an instruction permit may be issued under Section 6-107.1 to a child who is not less than 15 years of age if the child is enrolled in an approved driver education course as defined in Section 1-103 of this Code and requires an instruction permit to participate therein, except that an instruction permit may be issued under the provisions of Section 6-107.1 to a child who is 17 years and 3 months of age without the child having enrolled in an approved driver education course and except that an instruction permit may be issued to a child who is at least 15 years and 3 months of age, is enrolled in school, meets the educational requirements of the Driver Education Act, and has passed examinations the Secretary of State in his or her discretion may prescribe;
        1.5. To any person at least 18 years of age but less
    
than 21 years of age unless the person has, in addition to any other requirements of this Code, successfully completed an adult driver education course as provided in Section 6-107.5 of this Code;
        2. To any person who is under the age of 18 as an
    
operator of a motorcycle other than a motor driven cycle unless the person has, in addition to meeting the provisions of Section 6-107 of this Code, successfully completed a motorcycle training course approved by the Illinois Department of Transportation and successfully completes the required Secretary of State's motorcycle driver's examination;
        3. To any person, as a driver, whose driver's license
    
or permit has been suspended, during the suspension, nor to any person whose driver's license or permit has been revoked, except as provided in Sections 6-205, 6-206, and 6-208;
        4. To any person, as a driver, who is a user of
    
alcohol or any other drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle;
        5. To any person, as a driver, who has previously
    
been adjudged to be afflicted with or suffering from any mental or physical disability or disease and who has not at the time of application been restored to competency by the methods provided by law;
        6. To any person, as a driver, who is required by the
    
Secretary of State to submit an alcohol and drug evaluation or take an examination provided for in this Code unless the person has successfully passed the examination and submitted any required evaluation;
        7. To any person who is required under the provisions
    
of the laws of this State to deposit security or proof of financial responsibility and who has not deposited the security or proof;
        8. To any person when the Secretary of State has good
    
cause to believe that the person by reason of physical or mental disability would not be able to safely operate a motor vehicle upon the highways, unless the person shall furnish to the Secretary of State a verified written statement, acceptable to the Secretary of State, from a competent medical specialist, a licensed physician assistant, or a licensed advanced practice nurse, to the effect that the operation of a motor vehicle by the person would not be inimical to the public safety;
        9. To any person, as a driver, who is 69 years of age
    
or older, unless the person has successfully complied with the provisions of Section 6-109;
        10. To any person convicted, within 12 months of
    
application for a license, of any of the sexual offenses enumerated in paragraph 2 of subsection (b) of Section 6-205;
        11. To any person who is under the age of 21 years
    
with a classification prohibited in paragraph (b) of Section 6-104 and to any person who is under the age of 18 years with a classification prohibited in paragraph (c) of Section 6-104;
        12. To any person who has been either convicted of or
    
adjudicated under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 based upon a violation of the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act while that person was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle. For purposes of this Section, any person placed on probation under Section 10 of the Cannabis Control Act, Section 410 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or Section 70 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall not be considered convicted. Any person found guilty of this offense, while in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, shall have an entry made in the court record by the judge that this offense did occur while the person was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle and order the clerk of the court to report the violation to the Secretary of State as such. The Secretary of State shall not issue a new license or permit for a period of one year;
        13. To any person who is under the age of 18 years
    
and who has committed the offense of operating a motor vehicle without a valid license or permit in violation of Section 6-101 or a similar out of state offense;
        14. To any person who is 90 days or more delinquent
    
in court ordered child support payments or has been adjudicated in arrears in an amount equal to 90 days' obligation or more and who has been found in contempt of court for failure to pay the support, subject to the requirements and procedures of Article VII of Chapter 7 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        14.5. To any person certified by the Illinois
    
Department of Healthcare and Family Services as being 90 days or more delinquent in payment of support under an order of support entered by a court or administrative body of this or any other State, subject to the requirements and procedures of Article VII of Chapter 7 of this Code regarding those certifications;
        15. To any person released from a term of
    
imprisonment for violating Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide or for violating subparagraph (F) of paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of Section 11-501 of this Code relating to aggravated driving under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or any combination thereof, if the violation was the proximate cause of a death, within 24 months of release from a term of imprisonment;
        16. To any person who, with intent to influence any
    
act related to the issuance of any driver's license or permit, by an employee of the Secretary of State's Office, or the owner or employee of any commercial driver training school licensed by the Secretary of State, or any other individual authorized by the laws of this State to give driving instructions or administer all or part of a driver's license examination, promises or tenders to that person any property or personal advantage which that person is not authorized by law to accept. Any persons promising or tendering such property or personal advantage shall be disqualified from holding any class of driver's license or permit for 120 consecutive days. The Secretary of State shall establish by rule the procedures for implementing this period of disqualification and the procedures by which persons so disqualified may obtain administrative review of the decision to disqualify;
        17. To any person for whom the Secretary of State
    
cannot verify the accuracy of any information or documentation submitted in application for a driver's license;
        18. To any person who has been adjudicated under the
    
Juvenile Court Act of 1987 based upon an offense that is determined by the court to have been committed in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang, as provided in Section 5-710 of that Act, and that involved the operation or use of a motor vehicle or the use of a driver's license or permit. The person shall be denied a license or permit for the period determined by the court; or
        19. Beginning July 1, 2017, to any person who has
    
been issued an identification card under the Illinois Identification Card Act. Any such person may, at his or her discretion, surrender the identification card in order to become eligible to obtain a driver's license.
    The Secretary of State shall retain all conviction information, if the information is required to be held confidential under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
(Source: P.A. 98-167, eff. 7-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-173, eff. 7-29-15; 99-511, eff. 1-1-17.)

625 ILCS 5/6-103.1

    (625 ILCS 5/6-103.1)
    Sec. 6-103.1. New residents; out-of-state revocation.
    (a) The Secretary of State may not issue a driver's license to a nonresident who becomes a resident of this State while the new resident's driving privileges are revoked, under terms similar to those provided in Section 1-176 of this Code, in another state; however, if the person has resided in this State for 10 or more consecutive years prior to submitting an application, that person may apply for licensure under Section 6-208 of this Code if:
        (1) the laws of the revoking state would allow the
    
person to apply for licensure in that state;
        (2) the person qualifies to apply for licensure under
    
Section 6-208;
        (3) the out-of-state revocation is the only
    
revocation of driving privileges for the person;
        (4) the person has not had any driving offenses since
    
the revocation, and the revocation is the only loss of the person's driving privileges in any jurisdiction; and
        (5) the person complies with the requirements of
    
Title 92, Sections 1001.430 and 1001.440 of the Illinois Administrative Code concerning the General Provisions for Reinstatement of Driving Privileges After Revocation and the Provisions for Alcohol and Drug Related Revocations, Suspensions, and Cancellations.
    (b) The Secretary may issue restricted driving permits to new residents whose driving privileges are revoked in another state. These permits must be issued according to the restrictions, and for the purposes, stated in Sections 6-205 and 6-206 of this Code. The Secretary shall adopt rules for the issuance of these permits.
    (c) A restricted driving permit issued under this Section is subject to cancellation, revocation, and suspension by the Secretary of State in the same manner and for the same causes as a driver's license issued under this Code may be cancelled, revoked, or suspended, except that a conviction of one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic is sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension, or cancellation of a restricted driving permit.
(Source: P.A. 99-300, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/6-104

    (625 ILCS 5/6-104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-104)
    Sec. 6-104. Classification of Driver - Special Restrictions.
    (a) A driver's license issued under the authority of this Act shall indicate the classification for which the applicant therefor has qualified by examination or by such other means that the Secretary of State shall prescribe. Driver's license classifications shall be prescribed by rule or regulation promulgated by the Secretary of State and such may specify classifications as to operation of motor vehicles of the first division, or of those of the second division, whether operated singly or in lawful combination, and whether for-hire or not-for-hire, and may specify such other classifications as the Secretary deems necessary.
    No person shall operate a motor vehicle unless such person has a valid license with a proper classification to permit the operation of such vehicle, except that any person may operate a moped if such person has a valid current Illinois driver's license, regardless of classification.
    (b) No person who is under the age of 21 years or has had less than 1 year of driving experience shall drive: (1) in connection with the operation of any school, day camp, summer camp, or nursery school, any public or private motor vehicle for transporting children to or from any school, day camp, summer camp, or nursery school, or (2) any motor vehicle of the second division when in use for the transportation of persons for compensation.
    (c) No person who is under the age of 18 years shall be issued a license for the purpose of transporting property for hire, or for the purpose of transporting persons for compensation in a motor vehicle of the first division.
    (d) No person shall drive: (1) a school bus when transporting school children unless such person possesses a valid school bus driver permit or is accompanied and supervised, for the specific purpose of training prior to routine operation of a school bus, by a person who has held a valid school bus driver permit for at least one year; or (2) any other vehicle owned or operated by or for a public or private school, or a school operated by a religious institution, where such vehicle is being used over a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of persons enrolled as a student in grade 12 or below, in connection with any activity of the entities unless such person possesses a valid school bus driver permit.
    (d-5) No person may drive a bus that does not meet the special requirements for school buses provided in Sections 12-801, 12-802, 12-803, and 12-805 of this Code that has been chartered for the sole purpose of transporting students regularly enrolled in grade 12 or below to or from interscholastic athletic or interscholastic or school sponsored activities unless the person has a valid and properly classified commercial driver's license as provided in subsection (c-1) of Section 6-508 of this Code in addition to any other permit or license that is required to operate that bus. This subsection (d-5) does not apply to any bus driver employed by a public transportation provider authorized to conduct local or interurban transportation of passengers when the bus is not traveling a specific school bus route but is on a regularly scheduled route for the transporting of other fare paying passengers.
    A person may operate a chartered bus described in this subsection (d-5) if he or she is not disqualified from driving a chartered bus of that type and if he or she holds a CDL that is:
        (1) issued to him or her by any other state or
    
jurisdiction in accordance with 49 CFR 383;
        (2) not suspended, revoked, or canceled; and
        (3) valid under 49 CFR 383, subpart F, for the type
    
of vehicle being driven.
    A person may also operate a chartered bus described in this subsection (d-5) if he or she holds a valid CDL and a valid school bus driver permit that was issued on or before December 31, 2003.
    (e) No person shall drive a religious organization bus unless such person has a valid and properly classified drivers license or a valid school bus driver permit.
    (f) No person shall drive a motor vehicle for the purpose of providing transportation for the elderly in connection with the activities of any public or private organization unless such person has a valid and properly classified driver's license issued by the Secretary of State.
    (g) No person shall drive a bus which meets the special requirements for school buses provided in Section 12-801, 12-802, 12-803 and 12-805 of this Code for the purpose of transporting persons 18 years of age or less in connection with any youth camp licensed under the Youth Camp Act or any child care facility licensed under the Child Care Act of 1969 unless such person possesses a valid school bus driver permit or is accompanied and supervised, for the specific purpose of training prior to routine operation of a school bus, by a person who has held a valid school bus driver permit for at least one year; however, a person who has a valid and properly classified driver's license issued by the Secretary of State may operate a school bus for the purpose of transporting persons 18 years of age or less in connection with any such youth camp or child care facility if the "SCHOOL BUS" signs are covered or concealed and the stop signal arm and flashing signal systems are not operable through normal controls.
    (h) No person shall operate an autocycle unless he or she has a valid Class D driver's license.
(Source: P.A. 98-777, eff. 1-1-15.)

625 ILCS 5/6-105

    (625 ILCS 5/6-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-105)
    Sec. 6-105. Instruction permits and temporary licenses for persons 18 years of age or older.
    (a) Except as provided in this Section, the Secretary of State upon receiving proper application and payment of the required fee may issue an instruction permit to any person 18 years of age or older who is not ineligible for a license under paragraphs 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, or 8 of Section 6-103, after the applicant has successfully passed such examination as the Secretary of State in his discretion may prescribe.
    1. An instruction permit entitles the holder while having the permit in his immediate possession to drive a motor vehicle, excluding a motor driven cycle or motorcycle, upon the highways for a period of 12 months after the date of its issuance when accompanied by a licensed driver who is 21 years of age or older, who has had a valid driver's license classification to operate such vehicle for at least one year and has had one year of driving experience with such classification and who is occupying a seat beside the driver.
    2. A 12 month instruction permit for a motor driven cycle or motorcycle may be issued to a person 18 years of age or more, and entitles the holder to drive upon the highways during daylight under the direct supervision of a licensed motor driven cycle operator or motorcycle operator with the same or greater classification, who is 21 years of age or older and who has at least one year of driving experience.
    3. (Blank).
    (b) (Blank).
    (c) The Secretary of State may issue a temporary driver's license to an applicant for a license permitting the operation of a motor vehicle while the Secretary is completing an investigation and determination of all facts relative to such applicant's eligibility to receive such license, or for any other reason prescribed by rule or regulation promulgated by the Secretary of State. Such permit must be in the applicant's immediate possession while operating a motor vehicle, and it shall be invalid when the applicant's driver's license has been issued or for good cause has been refused. In each case the Secretary of State may issue the temporary driver's license for such period as appropriate but in no event for longer than 90 days.
(Source: P.A. 90-369, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/6-105.1

    (625 ILCS 5/6-105.1)
    Sec. 6-105.1. Temporary visitor's driver's license.
    (a) The Secretary of State may issue a temporary visitor's driver's license to a foreign national who (i) resides in this State, (ii) is ineligible to obtain a social security number, and (iii) presents to the Secretary documentation, issued by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, authorizing the person's presence in this country.
    (a-5) The Secretary of State may issue a temporary visitor's driver's license to an applicant who (i) has resided in this State for a period in excess of one year, (ii) is ineligible to obtain a social security number, and (iii) is unable to present documentation issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services authorizing the person's presence in this country. The applicant shall submit a valid unexpired passport from the applicant's country of citizenship or a valid unexpired consular identification document issued by a consulate of that country as defined in Section 5 of the Consular Identification Document Act (5 ILCS 230/5).
    (a-10) Applicants for a temporary visitor's driver's license who are under 18 years of age at the time of application shall be subject to the provisions of Sections 6-107 and 6-108 of this Code.
    (b) A temporary visitor's driver's license issued under subsection (a) is valid for 3 years, or for the period of time the individual is authorized to remain in this country, whichever ends sooner. A temporary visitor's driver's license issued under subsection (a-5) shall be valid for a period of 3 years.
    (b-5) A temporary visitor's driver's license issued under this Section may not be accepted for proof of the holder's identity. A temporary visitor's driver's license issued under this Section shall contain a notice on its face, in capitalized letters, stating that the temporary visitor's driver's license may not be accepted for proof of identity.
    (c) The Secretary shall adopt rules for implementing this Section, including rules:
        (1) regarding the design and content of the temporary
    
visitor's driver's license;
        (2) establishing criteria for proof of identification
    
and residency of an individual applying under subsection (a-5);
        (3) designating acceptable evidence that an applicant
    
is not eligible for a social security number; and
        (4) regarding the issuance of temporary visitor's
    
instruction permits.
    (d) Any person to whom the Secretary of State may issue a temporary visitor's driver's license shall be subject to any and all provisions of this Code and any and all implementing regulations issued by the Secretary of State to the same extent as any person issued a driver's license, unless otherwise provided in this Code or by administrative rule, including but not limited to the examination requirements in Section 6-109 as well as the mandatory insurance requirements and penalties set forth in Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (d-5) A temporary visitor's driver's license is invalid if the holder is unable to provide proof of liability insurance as required by Section 7-601 of this Code upon the request of a law enforcement officer, in which case the holder commits a violation of Section 6-101 of this Code.
    (e) Temporary visitor's driver's licenses shall be issued from a central location after the Secretary of State has verified the information provided by the applicant.
    (f) There is created in the State treasury a special fund to be known as the Driver Services Administration Fund. All fees collected for the issuance of temporary visitor's driver's licenses shall be deposited into the Fund. These funds shall, subject to appropriation, be used by the Office of the Secretary of State for costs related to the issuance of temporary visitor's driver's licenses, and other operational costs, including personnel, facilities, computer programming, and data transmission.
(Source: P.A. 97-1157, eff. 11-28-13.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106)
    Sec. 6-106. Application for license or instruction permit.
    (a) Every application for any permit or license authorized to be issued under this Code shall be made upon a form furnished by the Secretary of State. Every application shall be accompanied by the proper fee and payment of such fee shall entitle the applicant to not more than 3 attempts to pass the examination within a period of one year after the date of application.
    (b) Every application shall state the legal name, social security number, zip code, date of birth, sex, and residence address of the applicant; briefly describe the applicant; state whether the applicant has theretofore been licensed as a driver, and, if so, when and by what state or country, and whether any such license has ever been cancelled, suspended, revoked or refused, and, if so, the date and reason for such cancellation, suspension, revocation or refusal; shall include an affirmation by the applicant that all information set forth is true and correct; and shall bear the applicant's signature. In addition to the residence address, the Secretary may allow the applicant to provide a mailing address. In the case of an applicant who is a judicial officer or peace officer, the Secretary may allow the applicant to provide an office or work address in lieu of a residence or mailing address. The application form may also require the statement of such additional relevant information as the Secretary of State shall deem necessary to determine the applicant's competency and eligibility. The Secretary of State may, in his discretion, by rule or regulation, provide that an application for a drivers license or permit may include a suitable photograph of the applicant in the form prescribed by the Secretary, and he may further provide that each drivers license shall include a photograph of the driver. The Secretary of State may utilize a photograph process or system most suitable to deter alteration or improper reproduction of a drivers license and to prevent substitution of another photo thereon. For the purposes of this subsection (b), "peace officer" means any person who by virtue of his or her office or public employment is vested by law with a duty to maintain public order or to make arrests for a violation of any penal statute of this State, whether that duty extends to all violations or is limited to specific violations.
    (c) The application form shall include a notice to the applicant of the registration obligations of sex offenders under the Sex Offender Registration Act. The notice shall be provided in a form and manner prescribed by the Secretary of State. For purposes of this subsection (c), "sex offender" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 2 of the Sex Offender Registration Act.
    (d) Any male United States citizen or immigrant who applies for any permit or license authorized to be issued under this Code or for a renewal of any permit or license, and who is at least 18 years of age but less than 26 years of age, must be registered in compliance with the requirements of the federal Military Selective Service Act. The Secretary of State must forward in an electronic format the necessary personal information regarding the applicants identified in this subsection (d) to the Selective Service System. The applicant's signature on the application serves as an indication that the applicant either has already registered with the Selective Service System or that he is authorizing the Secretary to forward to the Selective Service System the necessary information for registration. The Secretary must notify the applicant at the time of application that his signature constitutes consent to registration with the Selective Service System, if he is not already registered.
    (e) Beginning on or before July 1, 2015, for each original or renewal driver's license application under this Code, the Secretary shall inquire as to whether the applicant is a veteran for purposes of issuing a driver's license with a veteran designation under subsection (e-5) of Section 6-110 of this Code. The acceptable forms of proof shall include, but are not limited to, Department of Defense form DD-214. The Secretary shall determine by rule what other forms of proof of a person's status as a veteran are acceptable.
    The Illinois Department of Veterans' Affairs shall confirm the status of the applicant as an honorably discharged veteran before the Secretary may issue the driver's license.
    For purposes of this subsection (e):
    "Active duty" means active duty under an executive order of the President of the United States, an Act of the Congress of the United States, or an order of the Governor.
    "Armed forces" means any of the Armed Forces of the United States, including a member of any reserve component or National Guard unit called to active duty.
    "Veteran" means a person who has served on active duty in the armed forces and was discharged or separated under honorable conditions.
(Source: P.A. 97-263, eff. 8-5-11; 97-739, eff. 1-1-13; 97-847, eff. 1-1-13; 98-323, eff. 1-1-14; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.1

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106.1)
    Sec. 6-106.1. School bus driver permit.
    (a) The Secretary of State shall issue a school bus driver permit to those applicants who have met all the requirements of the application and screening process under this Section to insure the welfare and safety of children who are transported on school buses throughout the State of Illinois. Applicants shall obtain the proper application required by the Secretary of State from their prospective or current employer and submit the completed application to the prospective or current employer along with the necessary fingerprint submission as required by the Department of State Police to conduct fingerprint based criminal background checks on current and future information available in the state system and current information available through the Federal Bureau of Investigation's system. Applicants who have completed the fingerprinting requirements shall not be subjected to the fingerprinting process when applying for subsequent permits or submitting proof of successful completion of the annual refresher course. Individuals who on July 1, 1995 (the effective date of Public Act 88-612) possess a valid school bus driver permit that has been previously issued by the appropriate Regional School Superintendent are not subject to the fingerprinting provisions of this Section as long as the permit remains valid and does not lapse. The applicant shall be required to pay all related application and fingerprinting fees as established by rule including, but not limited to, the amounts established by the Department of State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to process fingerprint based criminal background investigations. All fees paid for fingerprint processing services under this Section shall be deposited into the State Police Services Fund for the cost incurred in processing the fingerprint based criminal background investigations. All other fees paid under this Section shall be deposited into the Road Fund for the purpose of defraying the costs of the Secretary of State in administering this Section. All applicants must:
        1. be 21 years of age or older;
        2. possess a valid and properly classified driver's
    
license issued by the Secretary of State;
        3. possess a valid driver's license, which has not
    
been revoked, suspended, or canceled for 3 years immediately prior to the date of application, or have not had his or her commercial motor vehicle driving privileges disqualified within the 3 years immediately prior to the date of application;
        4. successfully pass a written test, administered by
    
the Secretary of State, on school bus operation, school bus safety, and special traffic laws relating to school buses and submit to a review of the applicant's driving habits by the Secretary of State at the time the written test is given;
        5. demonstrate ability to exercise reasonable care in
    
the operation of school buses in accordance with rules promulgated by the Secretary of State;
        6. demonstrate physical fitness to operate school
    
buses by submitting the results of a medical examination, including tests for drug use for each applicant not subject to such testing pursuant to federal law, conducted by a licensed physician, a licensed advanced practice nurse, or a licensed physician assistant within 90 days of the date of application according to standards promulgated by the Secretary of State;
        7. affirm under penalties of perjury that he or she
    
has not made a false statement or knowingly concealed a material fact in any application for permit;
        8. have completed an initial classroom course,
    
including first aid procedures, in school bus driver safety as promulgated by the Secretary of State; and after satisfactory completion of said initial course an annual refresher course; such courses and the agency or organization conducting such courses shall be approved by the Secretary of State; failure to complete the annual refresher course, shall result in cancellation of the permit until such course is completed;
        9. not have been under an order of court supervision
    
for or convicted of 2 or more serious traffic offenses, as defined by rule, within one year prior to the date of application that may endanger the life or safety of any of the driver's passengers within the duration of the permit period;
        10. not have been under an order of court supervision
    
for or convicted of reckless driving, aggravated reckless driving, driving while under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof, or reckless homicide resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle within 3 years of the date of application;
        11. not have been convicted of committing or
    
attempting to commit any one or more of the following offenses: (i) those offenses defined in Sections 8-1.2, 9-1, 9-1.2, 9-2, 9-2.1, 9-3, 9-3.2, 9-3.3, 10-1, 10-2, 10-3.1, 10-4, 10-5, 10-5.1, 10-6, 10-7, 10-9, 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 11-6, 11-6.5, 11-6.6, 11-9, 11-9.1, 11-9.3, 11-9.4, 11-14, 11-14.1, 11-14.3, 11-14.4, 11-15, 11-15.1, 11-16, 11-17, 11-17.1, 11-18, 11-18.1, 11-19, 11-19.1, 11-19.2, 11-20, 11-20.1, 11-20.1B, 11-20.3, 11-21, 11-22, 11-23, 11-24, 11-25, 11-26, 11-30, 12-2.6, 12-3.1, 12-4, 12-4.1, 12-4.2, 12-4.2-5, 12-4.3, 12-4.4, 12-4.5, 12-4.6, 12-4.7, 12-4.9, 12-5.01, 12-6, 12-6.2, 12-7.1, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-7.5, 12-11, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, 12-16, 12-16.2, 12-21.5, 12-21.6, 12-33, 12C-5, 12C-10, 12C-20, 12C-30, 12C-45, 16-16, 16-16.1, 18-1, 18-2, 18-3, 18-4, 18-5, 19-6, 20-1, 20-1.1, 20-1.2, 20-1.3, 20-2, 24-1, 24-1.1, 24-1.2, 24-1.2-5, 24-1.6, 24-1.7, 24-2.1, 24-3.3, 24-3.5, 24-3.8, 24-3.9, 31A-1, 31A-1.1, 33A-2, and 33D-1, and in subsection (b) of Section 8-1, and in subdivisions (a)(1), (a)(2), (b)(1), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4), and (f)(1) of Section 12-3.05, and in subsection (a) and subsection (b), clause (1), of Section 12-4, and in subsection (A), clauses (a) and (b), of Section 24-3, and those offenses contained in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; (ii) those offenses defined in the Cannabis Control Act except those offenses defined in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 4, and subsection (a) of Section 5 of the Cannabis Control Act; (iii) those offenses defined in the Illinois Controlled Substances Act; (iv) those offenses defined in the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act; (v) any offense committed or attempted in any other state or against the laws of the United States, which if committed or attempted in this State would be punishable as one or more of the foregoing offenses; (vi) the offenses defined in Section 4.1 and 5.1 of the Wrongs to Children Act or Section 11-9.1A of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; (vii) those offenses defined in Section 6-16 of the Liquor Control Act of 1934; and (viii) those offenses defined in the Methamphetamine Precursor Control Act;
        12. not have been repeatedly involved as a driver in
    
motor vehicle collisions or been repeatedly convicted of offenses against laws and ordinances regulating the movement of traffic, to a degree which indicates lack of ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care in the safe operation of a motor vehicle or disrespect for the traffic laws and the safety of other persons upon the highway;
        13. not have, through the unlawful operation of a
    
motor vehicle, caused an accident resulting in the death of any person;
        14. not have, within the last 5 years, been adjudged
    
to be afflicted with or suffering from any mental disability or disease; and
        15. consent, in writing, to the release of results of
    
reasonable suspicion drug and alcohol testing under Section 6-106.1c of this Code by the employer of the applicant to the Secretary of State.
    (b) A school bus driver permit shall be valid for a period specified by the Secretary of State as set forth by rule. It shall be renewable upon compliance with subsection (a) of this Section.
    (c) A school bus driver permit shall contain the holder's driver's license number, legal name, residence address, zip code, and date of birth, a brief description of the holder and a space for signature. The Secretary of State may require a suitable photograph of the holder.
    (d) The employer shall be responsible for conducting a pre-employment interview with prospective school bus driver candidates, distributing school bus driver applications and medical forms to be completed by the applicant, and submitting the applicant's fingerprint cards to the Department of State Police that are required for the criminal background investigations. The employer shall certify in writing to the Secretary of State that all pre-employment conditions have been successfully completed including the successful completion of an Illinois specific criminal background investigation through the Department of State Police and the submission of necessary fingerprints to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for criminal history information available through the Federal Bureau of Investigation system. The applicant shall present the certification to the Secretary of State at the time of submitting the school bus driver permit application.
    (e) Permits shall initially be provisional upon receiving certification from the employer that all pre-employment conditions have been successfully completed, and upon successful completion of all training and examination requirements for the classification of the vehicle to be operated, the Secretary of State shall provisionally issue a School Bus Driver Permit. The permit shall remain in a provisional status pending the completion of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's criminal background investigation based upon fingerprinting specimens submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation by the Department of State Police. The Federal Bureau of Investigation shall report the findings directly to the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall remove the bus driver permit from provisional status upon the applicant's successful completion of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's criminal background investigation.
    (f) A school bus driver permit holder shall notify the employer and the Secretary of State if he or she is issued an order of court supervision for or convicted in another state of an offense that would make him or her ineligible for a permit under subsection (a) of this Section. The written notification shall be made within 5 days of the entry of the order of court supervision or conviction. Failure of the permit holder to provide the notification is punishable as a petty offense for a first violation and a Class B misdemeanor for a second or subsequent violation.
    (g) Cancellation; suspension; notice and procedure.
        (1) The Secretary of State shall cancel a school bus
    
driver permit of an applicant whose criminal background investigation discloses that he or she is not in compliance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this Section.
        (2) The Secretary of State shall cancel a school bus
    
driver permit when he or she receives notice that the permit holder fails to comply with any provision of this Section or any rule promulgated for the administration of this Section.
        (3) The Secretary of State shall cancel a school bus
    
driver permit if the permit holder's restricted commercial or commercial driving privileges are withdrawn or otherwise invalidated.
        (4) The Secretary of State may not issue a school bus
    
driver permit for a period of 3 years to an applicant who fails to obtain a negative result on a drug test as required in item 6 of subsection (a) of this Section or under federal law.
        (5) The Secretary of State shall forthwith suspend a
    
school bus driver permit for a period of 3 years upon receiving notice that the holder has failed to obtain a negative result on a drug test as required in item 6 of subsection (a) of this Section or under federal law.
        (6) The Secretary of State shall suspend a school bus
    
driver permit for a period of 3 years upon receiving notice from the employer that the holder failed to perform the inspection procedure set forth in subsection (a) or (b) of Section 12-816 of this Code.
        (7) The Secretary of State shall suspend a school bus
    
driver permit for a period of 3 years upon receiving notice from the employer that the holder refused to submit to an alcohol or drug test as required by Section 6-106.1c or has submitted to a test required by that Section which disclosed an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00 or disclosed a positive result on a National Institute on Drug Abuse five-drug panel, utilizing federal standards set forth in 49 CFR 40.87.
    The Secretary of State shall notify the State Superintendent of Education and the permit holder's prospective or current employer that the applicant has (1) has failed a criminal background investigation or (2) is no longer eligible for a school bus driver permit; and of the related cancellation of the applicant's provisional school bus driver permit. The cancellation shall remain in effect pending the outcome of a hearing pursuant to Section 2-118 of this Code. The scope of the hearing shall be limited to the issuance criteria contained in subsection (a) of this Section. A petition requesting a hearing shall be submitted to the Secretary of State and shall contain the reason the individual feels he or she is entitled to a school bus driver permit. The permit holder's employer shall notify in writing to the Secretary of State that the employer has certified the removal of the offending school bus driver from service prior to the start of that school bus driver's next workshift. An employing school board that fails to remove the offending school bus driver from service is subject to the penalties defined in Section 3-14.23 of the School Code. A school bus contractor who violates a provision of this Section is subject to the penalties defined in Section 6-106.11.
    All valid school bus driver permits issued under this Section prior to January 1, 1995, shall remain effective until their expiration date unless otherwise invalidated.
    (h) When a school bus driver permit holder who is a service member is called to active duty, the employer of the permit holder shall notify the Secretary of State, within 30 days of notification from the permit holder, that the permit holder has been called to active duty. Upon notification pursuant to this subsection, (i) the Secretary of State shall characterize the permit as inactive until a permit holder renews the permit as provided in subsection (i) of this Section, and (ii) if a permit holder fails to comply with the requirements of this Section while called to active duty, the Secretary of State shall not characterize the permit as invalid.
    (i) A school bus driver permit holder who is a service member returning from active duty must, within 90 days, renew a permit characterized as inactive pursuant to subsection (h) of this Section by complying with the renewal requirements of subsection (b) of this Section.
    (j) For purposes of subsections (h) and (i) of this Section:
    "Active duty" means active duty pursuant to an executive order of the President of the United States, an act of the Congress of the United States, or an order of the Governor.
    "Service member" means a member of the Armed Services or reserve forces of the United States or a member of the Illinois National Guard.
    (k) A private carrier employer of a school bus driver permit holder, having satisfied the employer requirements of this Section, shall be held to a standard of ordinary care for intentional acts committed in the course of employment by the bus driver permit holder. This subsection (k) shall in no way limit the liability of the private carrier employer for violation of any provision of this Section or for the negligent hiring or retention of a school bus driver permit holder.
(Source: P.A. 99-148, eff. 1-1-16; 99-173, eff. 7-29-15; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.1a

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.1a)
    Sec. 6-106.1a. Cancellation of school bus driver permit; trace of alcohol.
    (a) A person who has been issued a school bus driver permit by the Secretary of State in accordance with Section 6-106.1 of this Code and who drives or is in actual physical control of a school bus or any other vehicle owned or operated by or for a public or private school, or a school operated by a religious institution, when the vehicle is being used over a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of persons enrolled as students in grade 12 or below, in connection with any activity of the entities listed, upon the public highways of this State shall be deemed to have given consent to a chemical test or tests of blood, breath, other bodily substance, or urine for the purpose of determining the alcohol content of the person's blood if arrested, as evidenced by the issuance of a Uniform Traffic Ticket for any violation of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance, if a police officer has probable cause to believe that the driver has consumed any amount of an alcoholic beverage based upon evidence of the driver's physical condition or other first hand knowledge of the police officer. The test or tests shall be administered at the direction of the arresting officer. The law enforcement agency employing the officer shall designate which of the aforesaid tests shall be administered. A urine or other bodily substance test may be administered even after a blood or breath test or both has been administered.
    (b) A person who is dead, unconscious, or who is otherwise in a condition rendering that person incapable of refusal, shall be deemed not to have withdrawn the consent provided by paragraph (a) of this Section and the test or tests may be administered subject to the following provisions:
        (1) Chemical analysis of the person's blood, urine,
    
breath, or other bodily substance, to be considered valid under the provisions of this Section, shall have been performed according to standards promulgated by the Department of State Police by an individual possessing a valid permit issued by the Department of State Police for this purpose. The Director of State Police is authorized to approve satisfactory techniques or methods, to ascertain the qualifications and competence of individuals to conduct analyses, to issue permits that shall be subject to termination or revocation at the direction of the Department of State Police, and to certify the accuracy of breath testing equipment. The Department of State Police shall prescribe rules as necessary.
        (2) When a person submits to a blood test at the
    
request of a law enforcement officer under the provisions of this Section, only a physician authorized to practice medicine, a licensed physician assistant, a licensed advanced practice nurse, a registered nurse, or other qualified person trained in venipuncture and acting under the direction of a licensed physician may withdraw blood for the purpose of determining the alcohol content. This limitation does not apply to the taking of breath, other bodily substance, or urine specimens.
        (3) The person tested may have a physician, qualified
    
technician, chemist, registered nurse, or other qualified person of his or her own choosing administer a chemical test or tests in addition to any test or tests administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer. The test administered at the request of the person may be admissible into evidence at a hearing conducted in accordance with Section 2-118 of this Code. The failure or inability to obtain an additional test by a person shall not preclude the consideration of the previously performed chemical test.
        (4) Upon a request of the person who submits to a
    
chemical test or tests at the request of a law enforcement officer, full information concerning the test or tests shall be made available to the person or that person's attorney by the requesting law enforcement agency within 72 hours of receipt of the test result.
        (5) Alcohol concentration means either grams of
    
alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath.
        (6) If a driver is receiving medical treatment as a
    
result of a motor vehicle accident, a physician licensed to practice medicine, licensed physician assistant, licensed advanced practice nurse, registered nurse, or other qualified person trained in venipuncture and acting under the direction of a licensed physician shall withdraw blood for testing purposes to ascertain the presence of alcohol upon the specific request of a law enforcement officer. However, that testing shall not be performed until, in the opinion of the medical personnel on scene, the withdrawal can be made without interfering with or endangering the well-being of the patient.
    (c) A person requested to submit to a test as provided in this Section shall be warned by the law enforcement officer requesting the test that a refusal to submit to the test, or submission to the test resulting in an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00, may result in the loss of that person's privilege to possess a school bus driver permit. The loss of the individual's privilege to possess a school bus driver permit shall be imposed in accordance with Section 6-106.1b of this Code. A person requested to submit to a test under this Section shall also acknowledge, in writing, receipt of the warning required under this subsection (c). If the person refuses to acknowledge receipt of the warning, the law enforcement officer shall make a written notation on the warning that the person refused to sign the warning. A person's refusal to sign the warning shall not be evidence that the person was not read the warning.
    (d) If the person refuses testing or submits to a test that discloses an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00, the law enforcement officer shall immediately submit a sworn report to the Secretary of State on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State certifying that the test or tests were requested under subsection (a) and the person refused to submit to a test or tests or submitted to testing which disclosed an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00. The law enforcement officer shall submit the same sworn report when a person who has been issued a school bus driver permit and who was operating a school bus or any other vehicle owned or operated by or for a public or private school, or a school operated by a religious institution, when the vehicle is being used over a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of persons enrolled as students in grade 12 or below, in connection with any activity of the entities listed, submits to testing under Section 11-501.1 of this Code and the testing discloses an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00 and less than the alcohol concentration at which driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle is prohibited under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of Section 11-501.
    Upon receipt of the sworn report of a law enforcement officer, the Secretary of State shall enter the school bus driver permit sanction on the individual's driving record and the sanction shall be effective on the 46th day following the date notice of the sanction was given to the person.
    The law enforcement officer submitting the sworn report shall serve immediate notice of this school bus driver permit sanction on the person and the sanction shall be effective on the 46th day following the date notice was given.
    In cases where the blood alcohol concentration of more than 0.00 is established by a subsequent analysis of blood, other bodily substance, or urine, the police officer or arresting agency shall give notice as provided in this Section or by deposit in the United States mail of that notice in an envelope with postage prepaid and addressed to that person at his or her last known address and the loss of the school bus driver permit shall be effective on the 46th day following the date notice was given.
    Upon receipt of the sworn report of a law enforcement officer, the Secretary of State shall also give notice of the school bus driver permit sanction to the driver and the driver's current employer by mailing a notice of the effective date of the sanction to the individual. However, shall the sworn report be defective by not containing sufficient information or be completed in error, the notice of the school bus driver permit sanction may not be mailed to the person or his current employer or entered to the driving record, but rather the sworn report shall be returned to the issuing law enforcement agency.
    (e) A driver may contest this school bus driver permit sanction by requesting an administrative hearing with the Secretary of State in accordance with Section 2-118 of this Code. An individual whose blood alcohol concentration is shown to be more than 0.00 is not subject to this Section if he or she consumed alcohol in the performance of a religious service or ceremony. An individual whose blood alcohol concentration is shown to be more than 0.00 shall not be subject to this Section if the individual's blood alcohol concentration resulted only from ingestion of the prescribed or recommended dosage of medicine that contained alcohol. The petition for that hearing shall not stay or delay the effective date of the impending suspension. The scope of this hearing shall be limited to the issues of:
        (1) whether the police officer had probable cause to
    
believe that the person was driving or in actual physical control of a school bus or any other vehicle owned or operated by or for a public or private school, or a school operated by a religious institution, when the vehicle is being used over a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of persons enrolled as students in grade 12 or below, in connection with any activity of the entities listed, upon the public highways of the State and the police officer had reason to believe that the person was in violation of any provision of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance; and
        (2) whether the person was issued a Uniform Traffic
    
Ticket for any violation of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance; and
        (3) whether the police officer had probable cause to
    
believe that the driver had consumed any amount of an alcoholic beverage based upon the driver's physical actions or other first-hand knowledge of the police officer; and
        (4) whether the person, after being advised by the
    
officer that the privilege to possess a school bus driver permit would be canceled if the person refused to submit to and complete the test or tests, did refuse to submit to or complete the test or tests to determine the person's alcohol concentration; and
        (5) whether the person, after being advised by the
    
officer that the privileges to possess a school bus driver permit would be canceled if the person submits to a chemical test or tests and the test or tests disclose an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00 and the person did submit to and complete the test or tests that determined an alcohol concentration of more than 0.00; and
        (6) whether the test result of an alcohol
    
concentration of more than 0.00 was based upon the person's consumption of alcohol in the performance of a religious service or ceremony; and
        (7) whether the test result of an alcohol
    
concentration of more than 0.00 was based upon the person's consumption of alcohol through ingestion of the prescribed or recommended dosage of medicine.
    The Secretary of State may adopt administrative rules setting forth circumstances under which the holder of a school bus driver permit is not required to appear in person at the hearing.
    Provided that the petitioner may subpoena the officer, the hearing may be conducted upon a review of the law enforcement officer's own official reports. Failure of the officer to answer the subpoena shall be grounds for a continuance if, in the hearing officer's discretion, the continuance is appropriate. At the conclusion of the hearing held under Section 2-118 of this Code, the Secretary of State may rescind, continue, or modify the school bus driver permit sanction.
    (f) The results of any chemical testing performed in accordance with subsection (a) of this Section are not admissible in any civil or criminal proceeding, except that the results of the testing may be considered at a hearing held under Section 2-118 of this Code. However, the results of the testing may not be used to impose driver's license sanctions under Section 11-501.1 of this Code. A law enforcement officer may, however, pursue a statutory summary suspension or revocation of driving privileges under Section 11-501.1 of this Code if other physical evidence or first hand knowledge forms the basis of that suspension or revocation.
    (g) This Section applies only to drivers who have been issued a school bus driver permit in accordance with Section 6-106.1 of this Code at the time of the issuance of the Uniform Traffic Ticket for a violation of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance, and a chemical test request is made under this Section.
    (h) The action of the Secretary of State in suspending, revoking, canceling, or denying any license, permit, registration, or certificate of title shall be subject to judicial review in the Circuit Court of Sangamon County or in the Circuit Court of Cook County, and the provisions of the Administrative Review Law and its rules are hereby adopted and shall apply to and govern every action for the judicial review of final acts or decisions of the Secretary of State under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-467, eff. 1-1-16; 99-697, eff. 7-29-16.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.1b

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.1b)
    Sec. 6-106.1b. Loss of school bus driver permit privileges; failure or refusal to submit to chemical testing. Unless the loss of school bus driver permit privileges based upon consumption of alcohol by an individual who has been issued a school bus driver permit in accordance with Section 6-106.1 of this Code or refusal to submit to testing has been rescinded by the Secretary of State in accordance with subsection (c) of Section 6-206 of this Code, a person whose privilege to possess a school bus driver permit has been canceled under Section 6-106.1a is not eligible for restoration of the privilege until the expiration of 3 years from the effective date of the cancellation for a person who has refused or failed to complete a test or tests to determine blood alcohol concentration or has submitted to testing with a blood alcohol concentration of more than 0.00.
(Source: P.A. 90-107, eff. 1-1-98; 91-124, eff. 7-16-99.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.1c

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.1c)
    Sec. 6-106.1c. Reasonable suspicion drug and alcohol testing of school bus driver permit holders.
    (a) An employer of a school bus driver permit holder who holds a commercial driver's license and who works for the employer as a school bus driver and is therefore subject to 49 CFR 382.307 shall notify the Secretary of State, in a manner and form prescribed by the Secretary, of the result of a reasonable suspicion test when: (i) the test indicates an alcohol concentration greater than 0.00; (ii) the test indicates a positive result on a National Institute on Drug Abuse five-drug panel utilizing the federal standards set forth in 49 CFR 40.87; or (iii) when a driver refuses testing. The notification to the Secretary must be submitted within 48 hours of the refusal of testing or the employer's receipt of the test results.
    (b) Employers of school bus driver permit holders who do not hold commercial driver's licenses and school bus driver permit holders who do not hold commercial driver's licenses are hereby made subject to 49 CFR 382.307 regarding reasonable suspicion testing, which must be done in conformance with 49 CFR Parts 40 and 382, except that the test results shall not be reported to the employer utilizing the Federal Drug Testing Custody and Control Form or the U.S. Department of Transportation Alcohol Testing Form, but shall be reported to the employer in a manner and form approved by the Secretary. The employer shall notify the Secretary, in a manner and form prescribed by the Secretary, of the result of a reasonable suspicion test when: (i) the test indicates an alcohol concentration greater than 0.00; (ii) the test indicates a positive result on a National Institute on Drug Abuse five-drug panel utilizing the federal standards set forth in 49 CFR 40.87; or (iii) when a driver refuses testing. The notification to the Secretary must be submitted within 48 hours of the refusal of testing or the employer's receipt of the test results.
    (c) The Secretary of State may adopt rules to implement this Section.
    (d) The cost of a reasonable suspicion test shall be the responsibility of the employer, unless otherwise provided by contract or a collective bargaining agreement.
(Source: P.A. 97-466, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.2

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106.2)
    Sec. 6-106.2. Religious organization bus driver. A religious organization bus driver shall meet the following requirements:
        1. is 21 years of age or older;
        2. has a valid and properly classified driver's
    
license issued by the Secretary of State;
        3. has held a valid driver's license, not
    
necessarily of the same classification, for 3 years prior to the date of application. A lapse in the renewal of the driver's license of 30 days or less shall not render the applicant ineligible. The Secretary of State may, in his or her discretion, grant a waiver for a lapse in the renewal of the driver's license in excess of 30 days;
        4. has demonstrated an ability to exercise
    
reasonable care in the safe operation of religious organization buses in accordance with such standards as the Secretary of State prescribes including a driving test in a religious organization bus; and
        5. has not been convicted of any of the following
    
offenses within 3 years of the date of application: Sections 11-401 (leaving the scene of a traffic accident involving death or personal injury), 11-501 (driving under the influence), 11-503 (reckless driving), 11-504 (drag racing), and 11-506 (street racing) of this Code, or Sections 9-3 (manslaughter or reckless homicide) and 12-5 (reckless conduct arising from the use of a motor vehicle) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-884, eff. 1-1-15.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.3

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106.3)
    Sec. 6-106.3. Senior citizen transportation - driver. A driver of a vehicle operated solely for the purpose of providing transportation for the elderly in connection with the activities of any public or private organization shall meet the following requirements:
        (1) is 21 years of age or older;
        (2) has a valid and properly classified driver's
    
license issued by the Secretary of State;
        (3) has had a valid driver's license, not necessarily
    
of the same classification, for 3 years prior to the date of application. A lapse in the renewal of the driver's license of 30 days or less shall not render the applicant ineligible. The Secretary of State may, in his or her discretion, grant a waiver for a lapse in the renewal of the driver's license in excess of 30 days;
        (4) has demonstrated his ability to exercise
    
reasonable care in the safe operation of a motor vehicle which will be utilized to transport persons in accordance with such standards as the Secretary of State prescribes including a driving test in such motor vehicle; and
        (5) has not been convicted of any of the following
    
offenses within 3 years of the date of application: Sections 11-401 (leaving the scene of a traffic accident involving death or personal injury), 11-501 (driving under the influence), 11-503 (reckless driving), 11-504 (drag racing), and 11-506 (street racing) of this Code, or Sections 9-3 (manslaughter or reckless homicide) and 12-5 (reckless conduct arising from the use of a motor vehicle) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-884, eff. 1-1-15.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.4

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.4) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106.4)
    Sec. 6-106.4. For-profit ridesharing arrangement - driver. No person may drive a commuter van while it is being used for a for-profit ridesharing arrangement unless such person:
        (1) is 21 years of age or older;
        (2) has a valid and properly classified driver's
    
license issued by the Secretary of State;
        (3) has held a valid driver's license, not
    
necessarily of the same classification, for 3 years prior to the date of application. A lapse in the renewal of the driver's license of 30 days or less shall not render the applicant ineligible. The Secretary of State may, in his or her discretion, grant a waiver for a lapse in the renewal of the driver's license in excess of 30 days;
        (4) has demonstrated his ability to exercise
    
reasonable care in the safe operation of commuter vans used in for-profit ridesharing arrangements in accordance with such standards as the Secretary of State may prescribe, which standards may require a driving test in a commuter van; and
        (5) has not been convicted of any of the following
    
offenses within 3 years of the date of application: Sections 11-401 (leaving the scene of a traffic accident involving death or personal injury), 11-501 (driving under the influence), 11-503 (reckless driving), 11-504 (drag racing), and 11-506 (street racing) of this Code, or Sections 9-3 (manslaughter or reckless homicide) and 12-5 (reckless conduct arising from the use of a motor vehicle) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-884, eff. 1-1-15.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.11

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.11) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-106.11)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 97-224)
    Sec. 6-106.11. (a) Any individual, corporation, partnership or association, who through contractual arrangements with a school district transports students, teachers or other personnel of that district for compensation, shall not permit any person to operate a school bus or any first division vehicle including taxis when used for a purpose that requires a school bus driver permit pursuant to that contract if the driver has not complied with the provisions of Sections 6-106.1 of this Code or such other rules or regulations that the Secretary of State may prescribe for the classification, restriction or licensing of school bus driver permit holders.
    (a-5) Any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or entity that has a contractual arrangement referred to in subsection (a) of this Section must provide the school district with (i) the names of all drivers who will be operating a vehicle requiring a school bus driver permit pursuant to the contract with the school district; and (ii) a copy of each driver's school bus driver permit. Upon notification by the Secretary of State to the employer of the school bus driver permit holder that an employee's school bus driver permit has been suspended or cancelled, the employer must notify the school district of the suspension or cancellation within 2 business days.
    (a-10) An individual, corporation, partnership, association, or entity that has a contractual arrangement referred to in subsection (a) of this Section may not:
        (i) utilize a vehicle in the performance of the
    
contract that has previously been in salvage or junk status; or
        (ii) allow smoking in a vehicle while the vehicle is
    
in the performance of the contract.
    (b) A violation of this Section is a business offense and shall subject the offender to a fine of no less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000 for a first offense, no less than $1,500 nor more than $15,000 for a second offense, and no less than $2,000 nor more than $20,000 for a third or subsequent offense. In addition to any fines imposed under this subsection, any offender who has been convicted three times under the provisions of subsection (a) shall, upon a fourth or subsequent conviction be prohibited from transporting or contracting to transport students, teachers or other personnel of a school district for a period of five years beginning with the date of conviction of such fourth or subsequent conviction.
(Source: P.A. 97-224, eff. 7-28-11.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 97-229)
    Sec. 6-106.11. (a) Any individual, corporation, partnership or association, who through contractual arrangements with a school district transports students, teachers or other personnel of that district for compensation, shall not permit any person to operate a school bus or any other motor vehicle requiring a school bus driver permit pursuant to that contract if the driver has not complied with the provisions of Sections 6-106.1 of this Code or such other rules or regulations that the Secretary of State may prescribe for the classification, restriction or licensing of the school bus driver permit holder.
    (b) A violation of this Section is a business offense and shall subject the offender to a fine of no less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000 for a first offense, no less than $1,500 nor more than $15,000 for a second offense, and no less than $2,000 nor more than $20,000 for a third or subsequent offense. In addition to any fines imposed under this subsection, any offender who has been convicted three times under the provisions of subsection (a) shall, upon a fourth or subsequent conviction be prohibited from transporting or contracting to transport students, teachers or other personnel of a school district for a period of five years beginning with the date of conviction of such fourth or subsequent conviction.
(Source: P.A. 97-229, eff. 7-28-11.)

625 ILCS 5/6-106.12

    (625 ILCS 5/6-106.12)
    Sec. 6-106.12. Contracts requiring school bus driver permits.
    (a) No school district that contracts with any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity to transport students, teachers, or other personnel of that district for compensation shall permit any person to operate a vehicle that requires a school bus driver permit pursuant to that contract if the driver has not complied with the provisions of Section 6-106.1 of this Code and other administrative rules governing the classification, restriction, or licensing of persons required to hold a school bus driver permit.
    (b) A school district that has a contract of the type described in subsection (a) of this Section shall maintain a copy of the school bus driver permit of any person operating a vehicle that requires a school bus permit.
(Source: P.A. 97-224, eff. 7-28-11.)

625 ILCS 5/6-107

    (625 ILCS 5/6-107) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 6-107)
    Sec. 6-107. Graduated license.
    (a) The purpose of the Graduated Licensing Program is to develop safe and mature driving habits in young, inexperienced drivers and reduce or prevent motor vehicle accidents, fatalities, and injuries by:
        (1) providing for an increase in the time of practice
    
period before granting permission to obtain a driver's license;
        (2) strengthening driver licensing and testing
    
standards for persons under the age of 21 years;
        (3) sanctioning driving privileges of drivers under
    
age 21 who have committed serious traffic violations or other specified offenses; and
        (4) setting stricter standards to promote the
    
public's health and safety.
    (b) The application of any person under the age of 18 years, and not legally emancipated, for a drivers license or permit to operate a motor vehicle issued under the laws of this State, shall be accompanied by the written consent of either parent of the applicant; otherwise by the guardian having custody of the applicant, or in the event there is no parent or guardian, then by another responsible adult. The written consent must accompany any application for a driver's license under this subsection (b), regardless of whether or not the required written consent also accompanied the person's previous application for an instruction permit.
    No graduated driver's license shall be issued to any applicant under 18 years of age, unless the applicant is at least 16 years of age and has:
        (1) Held a valid instruction permit for a minimum of
    
9 months.
        (2) Passed an approved driver education course and
    
submits proof of having passed the course as may be required.
        (3) Certification by the parent, legal guardian, or
    
responsible adult that the applicant has had a minimum of 50 hours of behind-the-wheel practice time, at least 10 hours of which have been at night, and is sufficiently prepared and able to safely operate a motor vehicle.
    (b-1) No graduated driver's license shall be issued to any applicant who is under 18 years of age and not legally emancipated, unless the applicant has graduated from a secondary school of this State or any other state, is enrolled in a course leading to a high school equivalency certificate, has obtained a high school equivalency certificate, is enrolled in an elementary or secondary school or college or university of this State or any other state and is not a chronic or habitual truant as provided in Section 26-2a of the School Code, or is receiving home instruction and submits proof of meeting any of those requirements at the time of application.
    An applicant under 18 years of age who provides proof acceptable to the Secretary that the applicant has resumed regular school attendance or home instruction or that his or her application was denied in error shall be eligible to receive a graduated license if other requirements are met. The Secretary shall adopt rules for implementing this subsection (b-1).
    (c) No graduated driver's license or permit shall be issued to any applicant under 18 years of age who has committed the offense of operating a motor vehicle without a valid license or permit in violation of Section 6-101 of this Code or a similar out of state offense and no graduated driver's license or permit shall be issued to any applicant under 18 years of age who has committed an offense that would otherwise result in a mandatory revocation of a license or permit as provided in Section 6-205 of this Code or who has been either convicted of or adjudicated a delinquent based upon a violation of the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Use of Intoxicating Compounds Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act while that individual was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle. For purposes of this Section, any person placed on probation under Section 10 of the Cannabis Control Act, Section 410 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or Section 70 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall not be considered convicted. Any person found guilty of this offense, while in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, shall have an entry made in the court record by the judge that this offense did occur while the person was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle and order the clerk of the court to report the violation to the Secretary of State as such.
    (d) No graduated driver's license shall be issued for 9 months to any applicant under the age of 18 years who has committed and subsequently been convicted of an offense against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles, any violation of this Section or Section 12-603.1 of this Code, or who has received a disposition of court supervision for a violation of Section 6-20 of the Illinois Liquor Control Act of 1934 or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
    (e) No graduated driver's license holder under the age of 18 years shall operate any motor vehicle, except a motor driven cycle or motorcycle, with more than one passenger in the front seat of the motor vehicle and no more passengers in the back seats than the number of available seat safety belts as set forth in Section 12-603 of this Code. If a graduated driver's license holder over the age of 18 committed an offense against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles or any violation of this Section or Section 12-603.1 of this Code in the 6 months prior to the graduated driver's license holder's 18th birthday, and was subsequently convicted of the violation, the provisions of this paragraph shall continue to apply until such time as a period of 6 consecutive months has elapsed without an additional violation and subsequent conviction of an offense against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles or any violation of this Section or Section 12-603.1 of this Code.
    (f) (Blank).
    (g) If a graduated driver's license holder is under the age of 18 when he or she receives the license, for the first 12 months he or she holds the license or until he or she reaches the age of 18, whichever occurs sooner, the graduated license holder may not operate a motor vehicle with more than one passenger in the vehicle who is under the age of 20, unless any additional passenger or passengers are siblings, step-siblings, children, or stepchildren of the driver. If a graduated driver's license holder committed an offense against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles or any violation of this Section or Section 12-603.1 of this Code during the first 12 months the license is held and subsequently is convicted of the violation, the provisions of this paragraph shall remain in effect until such time as a period of 6 consecutive months has elapsed without an additional violation and subsequent conviction of an offense against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles or any violation of this Section or Section 12-603.1 of this Code.
    (h) It shall be an offense for a person that is age 15, but under age 20, to be a passenger in a vehicle operated by a driver holding a graduated driver's license during the first 12 months the driver holds the license or until the driver reaches the age of 18, whichever occurs sooner, if another passenger under the age of 20 is present, excluding a sibling, step-sibling, child, or step-child of the driver.
    (i) No graduated driver's license shall be issued to any applicant under the age of 18 years if the applicant has been issued a traffic citation for which a disposition has not been rendered at the time of application.
(Source: P.A. 97-229, eff. 7-28-11; 97-835, eff. 7-20-12; 98-168, eff. 1-1-14; 98-718, eff. 1-1-15.)