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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-1423

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1423) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1423)
    Sec. 11-1423. Passengers boarding or exiting a school bus.
    (a) At all pick-up points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway to board the bus, the school bus driver shall signal the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (b) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway, the school bus driver shall direct the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and shall then signal the passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1424

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1424) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1424)
    Sec. 11-1424. Operation of a religious organization bus.
    (a) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway unless all passengers, except for supervisory personnel, are seated in seats permanently mounted to the vehicle, and the aisle of the bus is kept clean and open.
    (b) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway while carrying more than the manufacturer's rated passenger capacity for such bus, or at a gross weight in excess of the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or gross axle weight rating (GAWR), or in excess of the weight load ratings of the tires on such bus. For buses or tires on which the manufacturer has not shown such ratings, by a label, embossment, molding or equivalent means, the Department shall provide, or assist in obtaining, the necessary ratings and may publish such ratings.
    (c) In loading or unloading passengers, the religious organization bus driver shall stop the bus out of the lane of moving traffic at any bus stop, officially designated as such by government authorities or in a parking lane on the pavement of the highway or on the shoulder off of the highway, if wide enough to permit the safe loading or unloading of passengers. If, however, there is no such bus stop, parking lane or shoulder within 50 feet of the residence or temporary residence of the passenger transported or to be transported by the bus or within 50 feet of the religious facility, the driver may stop the bus on the pavement of the highway after activating unison amber warning lights for not less than 200 feet before the bus is brought to a stop and while passengers are being loaded or unloaded, or if the bus is equipped as a school bus and meets the requirements of Article VIII of this Act, by complying with the subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414.
    (d) At all pickup points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 years to cross the roadway to board the bus, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (e) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 to cross the roadway, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and then, when it is safe to cross the roadway, across the roadway to a place of safety.
    (f) If a school bus is used by a religious organization bus for the purposes specified in subsection (a) of Section 1-111.1a and activates the visual signals as required by subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414 when picking up or discharging passengers, compliance with subsections (d) and (e) of this Section is optional.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1425

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1425) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1425)
    Sec. 11-1425. Stop when traffic obstructed.
    (a) No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto any railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle he is operating without obstructing the passage of other vehicles, pedestrians or railroad trains notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (b) No driver shall enter a highway rail grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the highway rail grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle being operated without obstructing the passage of a train or other railroad equipment using the rails, notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of one month the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Any person given a disposition of court supervision for violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall also be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Upon a second or subsequent violation, in addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, the person shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 and 50 hours community service. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
(Source: P.A. 95-753, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426)
    Sec. 11-1426. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-575, eff. 8-31-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1)
    Sec. 11-1426.1. Operation of non-highway vehicles on streets, roads, and highways.
    (a) As used in this Section, "non-highway vehicle" means a motor vehicle not specifically designed to be used on a public highway, including:
        (1) an all-terrain vehicle, as defined by Section
    
1-101.8 of this Code;
        (2) a golf cart, as defined by Section 1-123.9;
        (3) an off-highway motorcycle, as defined by Section
    
1-153.1; and
        (4) a recreational off-highway vehicle, as defined by
    
Section 1-168.8.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State. If the operation of a non-highway vehicle is authorized under subsection (d), the non-highway vehicle may be operated only on streets where the posted speed limit is 35 miles per hour or less. This subsection (b) does not prohibit a non-highway vehicle from crossing a road or street at an intersection where the road or street has a posted speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
    (b-5) A person may not operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or by a foreign jurisdiction.
    (c) No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State. No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any other highway under the jurisdiction of the State except at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (c-5) (Blank).
    (d) A municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may authorize, by ordinance or resolution, the operation of non-highway vehicles on roadways under its jurisdiction if the unit of local government determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The Department may authorize the operation of non-highway vehicles on the roadways under its jurisdiction if the Department determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The unit of local government or the Department may restrict the types of non-highway vehicles that are authorized to be used on its streets.
    Before permitting the operation of non-highway vehicles on its roadways, a municipality, township, county, other unit of local government, or the Department must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the roadway and determine whether non-highway vehicles may safely travel on or cross the roadway. Upon determining that non-highway vehicles may safely operate on a roadway and the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government, or authorization by the Department, appropriate signs shall be posted.
    If a roadway is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, non-highway vehicles may not be operated on the roadway unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    (e) No non-highway vehicle may be operated on a roadway unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a slow moving emblem (as required of other vehicles in Section 12-709 of this Code) on the rear of the non-highway vehicle, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a roadway, a non-highway vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (f) A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a non-highway vehicle on a roadway while under the influence is subject to Sections 11-500 through 11-502 of this Code.
    (g) Any person who operates a non-highway vehicle on a street, highway, or roadway shall be subject to the mandatory insurance requirements under Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (h) It shall not be unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle, as defined in paragraphs (1) and (4) of subsection (a) of this Section, on a county roadway or township roadway for the purpose of conducting farming operations to and from the home, farm, farm buildings, and any adjacent or nearby farm land.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not be subject to subsections (e) and (g) of this Section. However, if the non-highway vehicle, as used in this Section, is not covered under a motor vehicle insurance policy pursuant to subsection (g) of this Section, the vehicle must be covered under a farm, home, or non-highway vehicle insurance policy issued with coverage amounts no less than the minimum amounts set for bodily injury or death and for destruction of property under Section 7-203 of this Code. Non-highway vehicles operated on a county or township roadway at any time between one-half hour before sunset and one-half hour after sunrise must be equipped with head lamps and tail lamps, and the head lamps and tail lamps must be lighted.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall be allowed to cross a State highway, municipal street, county highway, or road district highway if the operator of the non-highway vehicle makes a direct crossing provided:
        (1) the crossing is made at an angle of approximately
    
90 degrees to the direction of the street, road or highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing;
        (2) the non-highway vehicle is brought to a complete
    
stop before attempting a crossing;
        (3) the operator of the non-highway vehicle yields
    
the right of way to all pedestrian and vehicular traffic which constitutes a hazard; and
        (4) that when crossing a divided highway, the
    
crossing is made only at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (i) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a non-highway vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-144, eff. 7-14-11; 98-567, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2)
    Sec. 11-1426.2. Operation of low-speed vehicles on streets.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is lawful for any person to drive or operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less.
    (b) Low-speed vehicles may cross a street at an intersection where the street being crossed has a posted speed limit of not more than 45 miles per hour. Low-speed vehicles may not cross a street with a speed limit in excess of 45 miles per hour unless the crossing is at an intersection controlled by a traffic light or 4-way stop sign.
    (c) The Department of Transportation or a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may prohibit, by regulation, ordinance, or resolution, the operation of low-speed vehicles on streets under its jurisdiction where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less if the Department of Transportation or unit of local government determines that the public safety would be jeopardized.
    (d) Upon determining that low-speed vehicles may not safely operate on a street, and upon the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a unit of local government, or regulation by the Department of Transportation, the operation of low-speed vehicles may be prohibited. The unit of local government or the Department of Transportation may prohibit the operation of low-speed vehicles on any and all streets under its jurisdiction. Appropriate signs shall be posted in conformance with the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices adopted pursuant to Section 11-301 of this Code.
    (e) If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of local government, or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation and one or more units of local government, low-speed vehicles may be operated on the street unless each unit of local government and the Department of Transportation agree and take action to prohibit such operation as provided in this Section.
    (e-5) A unit of local government may, by ordinance or resolution, authorize the operation of low-speed vehicles on one or more streets under its jurisdiction that have a speed limit of more than 30 miles per hour but not greater than 35 miles per hour.
    Before authorizing the operation of low-speed vehicles on any street under this subsection (e-5), the unit of local government must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the street and determine whether low-speed vehicles may travel safely on that street.
    If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, low-speed vehicles may not be operated on the street under this subsection (e-5) unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    Upon the adoption of an ordinance authorizing low-speed vehicles under this subsection (e-5), appropriate signs shall be posted.
    (f) No low-speed vehicle may be operated on any street unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a street, a low-speed vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (g) A person may not operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or a foreign jurisdiction.
    (h) The operation of a low-speed vehicle upon any street is subject to the provisions of Chapter 11 of this Code concerning the Rules of the Road, and applicable local ordinances.
    (i) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle is subject to the mandatory insurance requirements specified in Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (j) Any person engaged in the retail sale of low-speed vehicles are required to comply with the motor vehicle dealer licensing, registration, and bonding laws of this State, as specified in Sections 5-101 and 5-102 of this Code.
    (k) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a low-speed vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-653, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1434, eff. 8-11-10; 97-144, eff. 7-14-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427)
    Sec. 11-1427. Illegal operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. It is unlawful for any person to drive or operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in the following ways:
    (a) Careless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in a careless or heedless manner so as to be grossly indifferent to the person or property of other persons, or at a rate of speed greater than will permit him in the exercise of reasonable care to bring the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.
    (b) Reckless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
    (c) Within any nature preserve as defined in Section 3.11 of the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act.
    (d) On the tracks or right of way of an operating railroad.
    (e) In any tree nursery or planting in a manner which damages or destroys growing stock, or creates a substantial risk thereto.
    (f) On private property, without the written or verbal consent of the owner or lessee thereof. Any person operating an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon lands of another shall stop and identify himself upon the request of the landowner or his duly authorized representative, and, if requested to do so by the landowner shall promptly remove the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle from the premises.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for use by an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle, or to give warning of any condition, use, structure or activity on such premises. This subsection does not apply where permission to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle is given for a valuable consideration other than to this State, any political subdivision or municipality of this State, or any landowner who is paid with funds from the Off-Highway Vehicle Trails Fund. In the case of land leased to the State or a subdivision of the State, any consideration received is not valuable consideration within the meaning of this Section.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h) On publicly owned lands unless such lands are designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles. For publicly owned lands to be designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles a public hearing shall be conducted by the governmental entity that has jurisdiction over the proposed land prior to the designation.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h-1) At a rate of speed too fast for conditions, and the fact that the speed of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit allowed does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or object within legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
    (h-2) On the frozen surface of public waters of this State within 100 feet of a person, including a skater, not in or upon an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; within 100 feet of a person engaged in fishing, except at the minimum speed required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; on an area which has been cleared of snow for skating purposes unless the area is necessary for access to the frozen waters of this State.
    (h-3) Within 100 feet of a dwelling between midnight and 6 a.m. at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. This subdivision (h-5) does not apply on private property where verbal or written consent of the owner or lessee has been granted to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon the private property or frozen waters of this State.
    (i) Other Prohibitions.
        (1) No person, except persons permitted by law, shall
    
operate or ride any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle with any firearm in his or her possession unless he or she is in compliance with Section 2.33 of the Wildlife Code.
        (2) No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle
    
or off-highway motorcycle emitting pollutants in violation of standards established pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act.
        (3) No person shall deposit from an all-terrain
    
vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on the snow, ice or ground surface, trash, glass, garbage, insoluble material, or other offensive matter.
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 9-1-97; 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1)
    Sec. 11-1427.1. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on ice. All-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles may be operated on the frozen waters of this State subject to the provisions of this Section and the rules of the Department of Natural Resources.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2)
    Sec. 11-1427.2. Special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. Nothing contained in Section 11-1427 or 11-1427.1 shall be construed to prohibit any local authority of this State from designating a special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. In such case the provisions of Sections 11-1427 and 11-1427.1 shall not apply to areas or highways under the jurisdiction of that local authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3)
    Sec. 11-1427.3. Rules for all-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles. The Department of Natural Resources may adopt rules to implement and administer the provisions of Sections 11-1427, 11-1427.1, and 11-1427.2.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4)
    Sec. 11-1427.4. Signal from officer to stop. An all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle operator, after having received a visual or audible signal from a law enforcement officer to come to a stop, may not:
    (1) operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in willful or wanton disregard of the signal to stop;
    (2) interfere with or endanger the law enforcement officer or another person or vehicle; or
    (3) increase speed or attempt to flee or elude the officer.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5)
    Sec. 11-1427.5. Recreational off-highway vehicles. All provisions of this Code that apply to an all-terrain vehicle shall apply the same to a recreational off-highway vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-428, eff. 8-13-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1428

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1428)
    Sec. 11-1428. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-683, eff. 1-1-99. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1429

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1429)
    Sec. 11-1429. Excessive idling.
    (a) The purpose of this law is to protect public health and the environment by reducing emissions while conserving fuel and maintaining adequate rest and safety of all drivers of diesel vehicles.
    (b) As used in this Section, "affected areas" means the counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and Monroe and the townships of Aux Sable and Goose Lake in Grundy County and the township of Oswego in Kendall County.
    (c) A person that operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than a total of 10 minutes within any 60 minute period, except under the following circumstances:
        (1) the motor vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight
    
Rating of less than 8,000 pounds;
        (2) the motor vehicle idles while forced to remain
    
motionless because of on-highway traffic, an official traffic control device or signal, or at the direction of a law enforcement official;
        (3) the motor vehicle idles when operating
    
defrosters, heaters, air conditioners, or other equipment solely to prevent a safety or health emergency;
        (4) a police, fire, ambulance, public safety, other
    
emergency or law enforcement motor vehicle, or any motor vehicle used in an emergency capacity, idles while in an emergency or training mode and not for the convenience of the vehicle operator;
        (5) the primary propulsion engine idles for
    
maintenance, servicing, repairing, or diagnostic purposes if idling is necessary for such activity;
        (6) a motor vehicle idles as part of a government
    
inspection to verify that all equipment is in good working order, provided idling is required as part of the inspection;
        (7) when idling of the motor vehicle is required to
    
operate auxiliary equipment to accomplish the intended use of the vehicle (such as loading, unloading, mixing, or processing cargo; controlling cargo temperature; construction operations; lumbering operations; oil or gas well servicing; or farming operations), provided that this exemption does not apply when the vehicle is idling solely for cabin comfort or to operate non-essential equipment such as air conditioning, heating, microwave ovens, or televisions;
        (8) an armored motor vehicle idles when a person
    
remains inside the vehicle to guard the contents, or while the vehicle is being loaded or unloaded;
        (9) a bus idles a maximum of 15 minutes in any 60
    
minute period to maintain passenger comfort while non-driver passengers are on board;
        (10) if the motor vehicle has a sleeping berth, when
    
the operator is occupying the vehicle during a rest or sleep period and idling of the vehicle is required to operate air conditioning or heating;
        (11) when the motor vehicle idles due to mechanical
    
difficulties over which the operator has no control;
        (12) the motor vehicle is used as airport ground
    
support equipment, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles operated on the air side of the airport terminal to service or supply aircraft;
        (13) the motor vehicle is (i) a bus owned by a public
    
transit authority and (ii) being operated on a designated bus route or on a street or highway between designated bus routes for the provision of public transportation;
        (14) the motor vehicle is an implement of husbandry
    
exempt from registration under subdivision A(2) of Section 3-402 of this Code;
        (15) the motor vehicle is owned by an electric
    
utility and is operated for electricity generation or hydraulic pressure to power equipment necessary in the restoration, repair, modification or installation of electric utility service; or
        (16) the outdoor temperature is less than 32 degrees
    
Fahrenheit or greater than 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
    (d) When the outdoor temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and 80 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, a person who operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle to idle for a period greater than 30 minutes in any 60 minute period while waiting to weigh, load, or unload cargo or freight, unless the vehicle is in a line of vehicles that regularly and periodically moves forward.
    (e) This Section does not prohibit the operation of an auxiliary power unit or generator set as an alternative to idling the main engine of a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel.
    (f) This Section does not apply to the owner of a motor vehicle rented or leased to another entity or person operating the vehicle.
    (g) Any person convicted of any violation of this Section is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined $90 for the first conviction and $500 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period.
    (h) Fines; distribution. All fines and all penalties collected under this Section shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be distributed as follows: (i) $50 for the first conviction and $150 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the State's General Revenue Fund; (ii) $20 for the first conviction and $262.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be distributed to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation; and (iii) $20 for the first conviction and $87.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund.
    (i) The Trucking Environmental and Education Fund is created as a special fund in the State Treasury. All money deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund shall be paid, subject to appropriation by the General Assembly, to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency for the purpose of educating the trucking industry on air pollution and preventative measures specifically related to idling. Any interest earned on deposits into the Fund shall remain in the Fund and be used for the purposes set forth in this subsection. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Fund is not subject to administrative charges or charge-backs that would in any way transfer moneys from the Fund into any other fund of the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-576, eff. 8-18-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430)
    Sec. 11-1430. Vehicle immobilization and impoundment upon certification of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization and impoundment in cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services has certified to the municipality under Section 10-17.13 of the Illinois Public Aid Code that the registered owner of a vehicle owes past due support. The program shall provide for immobilization of any eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle and for subsequent towing and impoundment of such vehicle solely upon the certification of past due support by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the past due support by the municipality shall not be required under the ordinance. The ordinance shall provide that the municipality may terminate immobilization and impoundment of the vehicle if the registered owner has arranged for payment of past and current support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1)
    Sec. 11-1430.1. Vehicle immobilization for failure to pay municipal vehicle tax violation liability.
    (a) A municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization to facilitate enforcement of municipal vehicle tax liability. The program of vehicle immobilization shall provide for immobilizing an eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle. An ordinance establishing a program of vehicle immobilization under this Section shall include the following provisions:
        (1) A vehicle shall be eligible for immobilization
    
when the registered owner of the vehicle has accumulated the number of unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax violation liability or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, or both.
        (2) The vehicle owner shall be provided with notice
    
of the impending vehicle immobilization and the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the action by disproving liability for unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code.
        (3) The vehicle owner shall have the right to a
    
prompt hearing after a vehicle has been immobilized or subsequently towed for nonpayment of outstanding fines and penalties for which final determinations have been issued. An order issued after the hearing is a final administrative decision within the meaning of Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
        (4) A post-immobilization and post-towing notice
    
shall be provided to the registered owner of the vehicle advising the registered owner of the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the impoundment.
    (b) Judicial review of final determinations of vehicle tax violations and final administrative decisions issued after hearings regarding vehicle immobilization and impoundment made under this Section shall be subject to the Administrative Review Law.
    (c) A fine, penalty, or part thereof, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, administrative remedies and the conclusion of judicial review procedures shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Payment in full of any fine or penalty resulting from a vehicle tax violation shall constitute a final disposition of that violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-937, eff. 8-10-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1431

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1431)
    Sec. 11-1431. Solicitations at accident or disablement scene prohibited. A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of an accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, or the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle accident or damaged or disabled vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-1376, eff. 7-29-10.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XV heading)
ARTICLE XV. BICYCLES

625 ILCS 5/11-1501

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1501) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1501)
    Sec. 11-1501. Application of rules. (a) It is unlawful for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in Article XV of Chapter 11 of this Code.
    (b) The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1502

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1502) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1502)
    Sec. 11-1502. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles. Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this Code, except as to special regulations in this Article XV and except as to those provisions of this Code which by their nature can have no application.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1503

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1503) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1503)
    Sec. 11-1503. Riding on bicycles. (a) A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
    (b) No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child securely attached to his person in a back pack or sling.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1504

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1504) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1504)
    Sec. 11-1504. Clinging to vehicles. No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1505

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1505) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505)
    Sec. 11-1505. Position of bicycles and motorized pedal cycles on roadways - Riding on roadways and bicycle paths.
    (a) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable and safe to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under the following situations:
        1. When overtaking and passing another bicycle,
    
motorized pedal cycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or
        2. When preparing for a left turn at an intersection
    
or into a private road or driveway; or
        3. When reasonably necessary to avoid conditions
    
including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, motorized pedal cycles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or substandard width lanes that make it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge. For purposes of this subsection, a "substandard width lane" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane; or
        4. When approaching a place where a right turn is
    
authorized.
    (b) Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway as practicable.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1505.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1505.1)
    Sec. 11-1505.1. Persons riding bicycles or motorized pedal cycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than 2 abreast, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for their exclusive use. Persons riding 2 abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ride within a single lane subject to the provisions of Section 11-1505.
(Source: P.A. 83-549.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1506

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1506) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1506)
    Sec. 11-1506. Carrying articles. No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the use of both hands in the control and operation of the bicycle. A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand on the handlebars at all times.
(Source: P.A. 82-132.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1507

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1507) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507)
    Sec. 11-1507. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
    (a) Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Department which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
    (b) A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren. This subsection (b) does not apply to a bicycle that is a police vehicle or fire department vehicle.
    (c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
    (d) No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector conforming to specifications prescribed by the Department, on each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
    (e) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance of 500 feet and shall be essentially colorless or red to the rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or amber to the front of the center of the bicycle provided. The requirements of this paragraph may be met by reflective materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch wide on each side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color on both the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall conform to specifications prescribed by the Department.
    (f) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing reflector.
(Source: P.A. 95-28, eff. 8-7-07.)