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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-1302

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1302) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1302)
    Sec. 11-1302. Officers authorized to remove vehicles.
    (a) Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle in violation of any of the provisions of Section 11-1301 such officer is hereby authorized to move such vehicle, or require the driver or other person in charge of the vehicle to move the same, to a position off the roadway.
    (b) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to a place of safety any unattended vehicle illegally left standing upon any highway, bridge, causeway, or in a tunnel, in such a position or under such circumstances as to obstruct the normal movement of traffic.
    Whenever the Department finds an abandoned or disabled vehicle standing upon the paved or main-traveled part of a highway, which vehicle is or may be expected to interrupt the free flow of traffic on the highway or interfere with the maintenance of the highway, the Department is authorized to move the vehicle to a position off the paved or improved or main-traveled part of the highway.
    (c) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any vehicle found upon a highway when:
        1. report has been made that such vehicle has been
    
stolen or taken without the consent of its owner, or
        2. the person or persons in charge of such vehicle
    
are unable to provide for its custody or removal, or
        3. the person driving or in control of such vehicle
    
is arrested for an alleged offense for which the officer is required by law to take the person arrested before a proper magistrate without unnecessary delay, or
        4. the registration of the vehicle has been
    
suspended, cancelled, or revoked.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1303

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1303) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1303)
    Sec. 11-1303. Stopping, standing or parking prohibited in specified places.
    (a) Except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic, or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or official traffic-control device, no person shall:
        1. Stop, stand or park a vehicle:
            a. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or
        
parked at the edge or curb of a street;
            b. On a sidewalk;
            c. Within an intersection;
            d. On a crosswalk;
            e. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or
        
within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;
            f. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or
        
obstruction when stopping, standing or parking would obstruct traffic;
            g. Upon any bridge or other elevated structure
        
upon a highway or within a highway tunnel;
            h. On any railroad tracks. A violation of any
        
part of this subparagraph h. shall result in a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service.
            i. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
stopping;
            j. On any controlled-access highway;
            k. In the area between roadways of a divided
        
highway, including crossovers;
            l. In a public parking area if the vehicle does
        
not display a current annual registration sticker or current temporary permit pending registration.
        2. Stand or park a vehicle, whether occupied or not,
    
except momentarily to pick up or discharge passengers:
            a. In front of a public or private driveway;
            b. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant;
            c. Within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an
        
intersection;
            d. Within 30 feet upon the approach to any
        
flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway;
            e. Within 20 feet of the driveway entrance to any
        
fire station and on the side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within 75 feet of such entrance (when properly sign-posted);
            f. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
standing.
        3. Park a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except
    
temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers:
            a. Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a
        
railroad crossing;
            b. At any place where official signs prohibit
        
parking.
    (b) No person shall move a vehicle not lawfully under his control into any such prohibited area or away from a curb such distance as is unlawful.
(Source: P.A. 89-245, eff. 1-1-96; 89-658, eff. 1-1-97.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1304

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1304) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1304)
    Sec. 11-1304. Additional parking regulations. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a two-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked with the right-hand wheels parallel to and within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder.
    (b) Except when otherwise provided by local ordinance, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a one-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked parallel to the curb or edge of the roadway, in the direction of authorized traffic movement, with its right-hand wheels within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder, or with its left-hand wheels within 12 inches of the left-hand curb or as close as practicable to the left edge of the left-hand shoulder.
    (c) Local authorities may permit angle parking on any roadway, except that angle parking shall not be permitted on any federal-aid or State highway unless the Department has determined that the roadway is of sufficient width to permit angle parking without interfering with the free movement of traffic.
    (d) The Department with respect to highways under its jurisdiction may place signs prohibiting, limiting, or restricting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles on any highway where in its opinion such stopping, standing or parking is dangerous to those using the highway or where the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles would unduly interfere with the free movement of traffic thereon. No person shall stop, stand or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions indicated by such devices.
(Source: P.A. 79-801; 79-1069; 79-1454.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1304.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1304.5)
    Sec. 11-1304.5. Parking of vehicle with expired registration. No person may stop, park, or leave standing upon a public street, highway, or roadway a vehicle upon which is displayed an Illinois registration plate or plates or registration sticker after the termination of the registration period, except as provided for in subsection (b) of Section 3-701 of this Code, for which the registration plate or plates or registration sticker was issued or after the expiration date set under Section 3-414 or 3-414.1 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 99-166, eff. 7-28-15.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1305

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1305) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1305)
    Sec. 11-1305. Lessors of visitor vehicles - Duty upon receiving notice of violation of this Article or local parking regulation. Every person in whose name a vehicle is registered pursuant to law and who leases such vehicle to others, after receiving written notice of a violation of this Article or a parking regulation of a local authority involving such vehicle, shall upon request provide such police officers as have authority of the offense, and the court having jurisdiction thereof, with a written statement of the name and address of the lessee at the time of such offense and the identifying number upon the registration plates and registration sticker or stickers of such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 80-230; 80-911; 80-1185.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1306

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1306) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1306)
    Sec. 11-1306. Parking liability of lessor. No person who is the lessor of a vehicle pursuant to a written lease agreement shall be liable for the violation of any parking or standing regulation of this Act, or of a local authority, involving such vehicle during the period of the lease; provided that upon the request of the appropriate authority received within 120 days after the violation occurred, the lessor provides within 60 days after such receipt the name and address of the lessee. The drivers license number of a lessee may be subsequently individually requested by the appropriate authority if needed for enforcement of the Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-354.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1307

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1307)
    Sec. 11-1307. Centralized parking meter systems.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Centralized parking meter system" means a system of regulating the standing or parking of vehicles that includes 3 or more parking meter zones, and a single parking meter.
    "Parking meter" means a traffic control device which, upon being activated by deposit of currency of the United States, or by electronic or other form of payment, in the amount indicated thereon or otherwise, either: (1) displays a signal showing that parking is allowed from the time of such activation until the expiration of the time fixed for parking in the parking meter zone in which it is located, and upon expiration of such time indicates by sign or signal that the lawful parking period has expired, or (2) issues a ticket or other token, or activates a display device, on which is printed or otherwise indicated the lawful parking period in the parking meter zone in which the parking meter is located, such ticket, other token, or display device, to be displayed in a publicly visible location on the dashboard or inner windshield of a vehicle parked in the parking meter zone, or such ticket to be affixed on the front lamp of a motorcycle or motor scooter parked in the parking meter zone.
    "Parking meter zone" means a certain designated and marked-off section of the public way within the marked boundaries where a vehicle may be temporarily parked and allowed to remain for such period of time as the parking meter attached thereto, or the ticket or other token issued by the parking meter, may indicate.
    (b) If for any reason the parking meter serving a space or, in a centralized parking meter system, serving a parking meter zone is malfunctioning due to the accumulation of ice or snow and it has been reported to the local authorities as malfunctioning prior to a violation for the standing or parking of vehicles being issued, it shall be a valid affirmative defense to such violation until such time as the parking meter is brought back into service.
(Source: P.A. 96-1256, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1308

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1308)
    Sec. 11-1308. Unauthorized use of parking places reserved for electric vehicles.
    (a) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Electric vehicle" means a battery-powered electric vehicle operated solely by electricity or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that operates on electricity and gasoline and has a battery that can be recharged from an external source.
    "Electric vehicle charging station" means any facility or equipment that is used to charge a battery or other energy storage device of an electric vehicle.
    (b) It shall be prohibited to park a non-electric vehicle in an electric vehicle charging station designated for use by electric vehicles, including an electric vehicle charging station on any private or public offstreet parking facility. A person may park only an electric vehicle in an electric vehicle charging station space designated for use by electric vehicles.
    (c) Any person or local authority owning or operating any public or private offstreet parking facility may, after notifying the police or sheriff's department, remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any non-electric vehicle parked within an electric vehicle charging station space designated for use by electric vehicles.
    (d) It shall not be a defense to a charge under this Section that the sign or notice posted at the electric vehicle charging station or the designated parking space does not comply with applicable rules, regulations, or local ordinances, if a reasonable person would be made aware by the sign or notice on or near the parking space that the space is reserved for electric vehicles.
    (e) Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of subsection (b) shall be fined $75 in addition to any costs or charges connected with the removal or storage of the non-electric vehicle; but municipalities by ordinance may impose a fine up to $100.
(Source: P.A. 99-172, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV heading)
ARTICLE XIV. MISCELLANEOUS LAWS

625 ILCS 5/11-1401

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1401)
    Sec. 11-1401. Unattended motor vehicles. No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition, effectively setting the brake thereon and, when standing upon any perceptible grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069)

625 ILCS 5/11-1402

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1402)
    Sec. 11-1402. Limitations on backing. (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder or roadway of any controlled-access highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403)
    Sec. 11-1403. Riding on motorcycles.
    (a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
    (b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with one leg on each side of the motorcycle.
    (c) No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebar grips higher than the height of the head of the operator when the operator is seated in the normal driving position astride that portion of the seat or saddle occupied by the operator.
    (d) The operator of any motorcycle shall keep at least one hand on a handlebar grip at all times the motorcycle is in motion.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.1)
    Sec. 11-1403.1. Riding on mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a moped shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit 2 persons to ride thereon at the same time, unless the moped is designed to carry 2 persons; any moped designed for 2 persons must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
    (b) The provisions of Article XV shall be applicable to the operation of mopeds, except for those provisions which by their nature can have no application to mopeds.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.2)
    Sec. 11-1403.2. Operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel; aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (a) No person shall operate a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (b) Aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel. A person commits aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel when he or she violates subsection (a) of this Section while committing a violation of subsection (b) of Section 11-601 of this Code. A violation of this subsection is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $100, except a second conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.3)
    Sec. 11-1403.3. Intercom helmets. Any driver of a vehicle defined in Section 1-145.001, 1-147, or 1-148.2 of this Code may use a helmet equipped with an electronic intercom system permitting 2-way vocal communication with drivers of any such vehicles or passengers on such vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1404)
    Sec. 11-1404. Special equipment for persons riding motorcycles, motor driven cycles or mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a motorcycle, motor driven cycle or moped and every passenger thereon shall be protected by glasses, goggles or a transparent shield.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section, glasses, goggles, and transparent shields are defined as follows:
    "Glasses" means ordinary eye pieces such as spectacles or sunglasses worn before the eye, made of shatter-resistant material. Shatter-resistant material, as used in this Section, means material so manufactured, fabricated, or created that it substantially prevents shattering or flying when struck or broken.
    "Goggles" means a device worn before the eyes, the predominant function of which is protecting the eyes without obstructing peripheral vision. Goggles shall provide protection from the front and sides, and may or may not form a complete seal with the face.
    "Transparent shield" means a windshield attached to the front of a motorcycle that extends above the eyes when an operator is seated in the normal, upright riding position, made of shatter-resistant material, or a shatter-resistant protective face shield that covers the wearer's eyes and face at least to a point approximately to the tip of the nose.
    (c) Contact lenses are not acceptable eye protection devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1405

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1405) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1405)
    Sec. 11-1405. Required equipment on motorcycles.
     Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.
(Source: P.A. 84-602.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1406)
    Sec. 11-1406. Obstruction of driver's view or driving mechanism. (a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
    (b) No passenger in a vehicle or streetcar shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle or streetcar.
    (c) No passenger on a school bus may ride or stand in a position as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the side or to the rear, or to interfere with his control of the driving mechanism of the bus.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)