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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV heading)
ARTICLE XIV. MISCELLANEOUS LAWS

625 ILCS 5/11-1401

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1401)
    Sec. 11-1401. Unattended motor vehicles. No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition, effectively setting the brake thereon and, when standing upon any perceptible grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069)

625 ILCS 5/11-1402

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1402)
    Sec. 11-1402. Limitations on backing. (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder or roadway of any controlled-access highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403)
    Sec. 11-1403. Riding on motorcycles.
    (a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
    (b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with one leg on each side of the motorcycle.
    (c) No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebar grips higher than the height of the head of the operator when the operator is seated in the normal driving position astride that portion of the seat or saddle occupied by the operator.
    (d) The operator of any motorcycle shall keep at least one hand on a handlebar grip at all times the motorcycle is in motion.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.1)
    Sec. 11-1403.1. Riding on mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a moped shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit 2 persons to ride thereon at the same time, unless the moped is designed to carry 2 persons; any moped designed for 2 persons must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
    (b) The provisions of Article XV shall be applicable to the operation of mopeds, except for those provisions which by their nature can have no application to mopeds.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.2)
    Sec. 11-1403.2. Operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel; aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (a) No person shall operate a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (b) Aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel. A person commits aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel when he or she violates subsection (a) of this Section while committing a violation of subsection (b) of Section 11-601 of this Code. A violation of this subsection is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $100, except a second conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.3)
    Sec. 11-1403.3. Intercom helmets. Any driver of a vehicle defined in Section 1-145.001, 1-147, or 1-148.2 of this Code may use a helmet equipped with an electronic intercom system permitting 2-way vocal communication with drivers of any such vehicles or passengers on such vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1404)
    Sec. 11-1404. Special equipment for persons riding motorcycles, motor driven cycles or mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a motorcycle, motor driven cycle or moped and every passenger thereon shall be protected by glasses, goggles or a transparent shield.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section, glasses, goggles, and transparent shields are defined as follows:
    "Glasses" means ordinary eye pieces such as spectacles or sunglasses worn before the eye, made of shatter-resistant material. Shatter-resistant material, as used in this Section, means material so manufactured, fabricated, or created that it substantially prevents shattering or flying when struck or broken.
    "Goggles" means a device worn before the eyes, the predominant function of which is protecting the eyes without obstructing peripheral vision. Goggles shall provide protection from the front and sides, and may or may not form a complete seal with the face.
    "Transparent shield" means a windshield attached to the front of a motorcycle that extends above the eyes when an operator is seated in the normal, upright riding position, made of shatter-resistant material, or a shatter-resistant protective face shield that covers the wearer's eyes and face at least to a point approximately to the tip of the nose.
    (c) Contact lenses are not acceptable eye protection devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1405

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1405) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1405)
    Sec. 11-1405. Required equipment on motorcycles.
     Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.
(Source: P.A. 84-602.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1406)
    Sec. 11-1406. Obstruction of driver's view or driving mechanism. (a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
    (b) No passenger in a vehicle or streetcar shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle or streetcar.
    (c) No passenger on a school bus may ride or stand in a position as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the side or to the rear, or to interfere with his control of the driving mechanism of the bus.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1407

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1407) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1407)
    Sec. 11-1407. Opening and closing vehicle doors. No person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1408

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1408) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1408)
    Sec. 11-1408. Riding in towed vehicles. No person or persons shall occupy a trailer, semitrailer, farm wagon, or any other vehicle while it is being towed upon a public highway, unless:
        (1) the occupancy of the towed vehicle is necessary
    
to avoid an imminent threat to a person's safety due to extreme weather conditions or another emergency situation;
        (2) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the vehicle is used in connection with a parade, farming-related activity, or similar activity; or
        (3) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the passenger is over the age of 18.
(Source: P.A. 97-17, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1409

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1409) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1409)
    Sec. 11-1409. Driving on mountain highways. The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or on mountain highways shall hold such motor vehicle under control and as near the right-hand edge of the roadway as reasonably possible and, except when driving entirely to the right of the center of the roadway, shall give audible warning with the horn of such motor vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of 200 feet along the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1410

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1410) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1410)
    Sec. 11-1410. Coasting prohibited. (a) The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the gears or transmission of such vehicle in neutral.
    (b) The driver of a truck or bus when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the clutch disengaged.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1411

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1411) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1411)
    Sec. 11-1411. Following fire apparatus prohibited. The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet or stop such vehicle within 500 feet of any fire apparatus stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412)
    Sec. 11-1412. Crossing fire hose.
    No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department when laid down on any street, private road or driveway to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the fire department official in command.
(Source: P.A. 76-1736.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412.1)
    Sec. 11-1412.1. Driving upon sidewalk. No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. This Section does not apply to any vehicle moved exclusively by human power, to any electric personal assistive mobility device, nor to any motorized wheelchair. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2)
    Sec. 11-1412.2. Operating an electric personal assistive mobility device on a public sidewalk. A person may not operate an electric personal assistive mobility device upon a public sidewalk at a speed greater than 8 miles per hour. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)