Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT
(50 ILCS 25/) Local Government Air Rights Act.

50 ILCS 25/0.01

    (50 ILCS 25/0.01) (from Ch. 85, par. 1060)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Local Government Air Rights Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

50 ILCS 25/1

    (50 ILCS 25/1) (from Ch. 85, par. 1061)
    Sec. 1.
    It is hereby found and declared that public agencies of the State, with regard to certain existing and proposed public improvements and developments, are not able to make the most effective utilization of the land acquired or to be acquired for such public improvements and developments because of the nature of such public improvements and developments. It is further found and declared that the scarcity and high cost of available land in many areas of the State where public improvements and developments are needed, coupled with the inability to make a more effective utilization of the land, from both a planning and economic viewpoint, because of the nature of some public improvements and developments, render it necessary and desirable that, where feasible, air rights over existing and proposed public improvements be sold or leased and that such public improvements and developments be constructed or developed in combination with other compatible desirable and lawful uses constructed on such air rights sold or leased to private interests, thereby reducing the cost of such public improvements and developments; making a more effective utilization of land from both a planning and economic viewpoint and placing the non-public portion of any such improvement back on the tax rolls.
(Source: P.A. 76-1161.)

50 ILCS 25/2

    (50 ILCS 25/2) (from Ch. 85, par. 1062)
    Sec. 2.
    The following terms, wherever used or referred to in this Act, shall have the following respective meanings, unless in any case a different meaning clearly appears from the context.
    (a) "Public Agency" or "public agency of the State" means the various counties, townships, cities, villages and incorporated towns, school districts, sanitary districts, boards of education, park districts, housing authorities, public building commissions, or any other municipal corporation or governmental agencies of the State, now or hereafter created, whether herein specifically enumerated or not.
    (b) "Governing body" shall include a county board, city council, board of trustees, board of managers, board of commissioners, or any other body or board, by whatever name it may be known or designated, charged by law with the governing of a public agency.
    (c) "Combined Occupancy Structure" means any improvement on real property or any interests therein or thereto, including fee interests, leaseholds, easements, space rights or air rights, either containing a public improvement in combination with other compatible desirable and lawful non-public use or uses, or a compatible desirable and lawful non-public use or uses constructed in whole or in part over an existing public improvement, which Combined Occupancy Structure is designed and intended to increase, from both a planning and economic viewpoint, the efficient utilization of available land areas.
    (d) "Developer" means any private individual, partnership, joint venture, trust, corporation or other legal entity or any combination thereof approved by the governing body of a public agency as being qualified and eligible to enter into one or more agreements with a public agency providing for the purchase or lease of air rights and the construction of any combined occupancy structures, or portion thereof, including facilities and appurtenances thereto; which agreements shall be subject to the approval of the governing body of the public agency.
    (e) "Real Property" means lands, waters, rights in lands or waters structures, franchises and interests in land, including air space rights, and any and all other things and rights usually included within the same term, and includes also any and all interests in such property less than full title, such as easements, perpetual, permanent or temporary, rights-of-way, uses, leases, licenses and any and all other incorporeal hereditaments in every estate, interest or right, legal or equitable.
    (f) "Public portion" or "public portion of a combined occupancy structure" means that portion of a combined occupancy structure designed, constructed, and improved for sole and exclusive use and occupancy by a public agency for public use or public purpose, including facilities and appurtenances thereto.
    (g) "Fair Use Value" shall mean the fair cash market value of air rights, sold or leased, over existing or proposed public improvements or developments when employed for use contemplated for the non-public portion of a combined occupancy structure.
(Source: P.A. 76-1161.)

50 ILCS 25/3

    (50 ILCS 25/3) (from Ch. 85, par. 1063)
    Sec. 3. Whenever the nature of any existing or proposed public improvement or development does not, from both a planning and economic viewpoint, permit or lend itself to the full or efficient utilization of the land acquired or which is necessary to be acquired for the public improvement or development, the governing body of any public agency may, subject to such restriction as may be imposed by the governing body of the public agency for the development of a compatible, desirable and lawful combined occupancy structure not inconsistent with local laws, sell or lease the air rights over the existing or proposed public improvement or development to a developer on which to construct a combined occupancy structure. The non-public portion of any combined occupancy structure must be constructed in whole or in part over the existing or proposed public improvement. The sale or lease of such air rights by a public agency may be made subject to such restrictions relating to the time and condition of the vesting of title in such air rights as the governing body of the public agency may impose. Any developer who purchases or leases air rights from a public agency over an existing public improvement or development under the provisions of this Act must, as a condition of such purchase or lease, agree with the public agency to construct the non-public portion of a combined occupancy structure in accordance with the plan of development prepared by the developer and approved by the public agency and such agreement may be made a covenant running with the land and by ordinance or resolution of the governing body of the public agency shall be made a covenant running with the land. Any developer who purchases or leases air rights from a public agency over a proposed public improvement or development must, as a condition of such purchase or lease, agree with the public agency to construct or cause to be constructed both the public and non-public portions of a combined occupancy structure in accordance with: (1) the plan of development for the public portion of the combined occupancy structure prepared by the public agency and in accordance with the plan of development for the non-public portion of the combined occupancy structure prepared by the developer and approved by the public agency or (2) as the case may be, in accordance with the plan of development for both the public and non-public portions of the combined occupancy structure prepared by the developer and approved by the public agency, and such agreement may be made a covenant running with the land and by ordinance or resolution of the governing body of the public agency shall be made a covenant running with the land. The public agency shall by public notice by publication once each week for 2 consecutive weeks in a newspaper having general circulation in the territorial limits of the public agency prior to the execution of any contract to sell or lease air rights and prior to the delivery of any instrument of conveyance with respect thereto, invite proposals from and make available all pertinent information to developers interested in undertaking to purchase or lease air rights and to construct or cause to be constructed a combined occupancy structure, or any portion thereof. Such notice shall contain a description of the area of the existing or proposed public improvement or development; the details of the existing public improvement, or the details of the plan of development of the public portion of a combined occupancy structure if the public agency has prepared a plan of development of the public portion thereof; and, if the public agency has not prepared a plan of development for the public portion of a combined occupancy structure, then the detailed requirements of the needs to be met for the public portion of a combined occupancy structure sufficient to enable a developer to submit a plan of development for a combined occupancy structure including both the public and non-public portion of a combined occupancy structure, all of which the developer shall undertake in writing to carry out together with such further undertakings by the developer as the public agency may deem necessary to obligate the developer, his successors and assigns (1) to use the non-public portion of a combined occupancy structure for the purposes designated in the plan of development for a combined occupancy structure, which shall be a compatible, desirable and lawful non-public use complying with local law, (2) to commence and complete or cause to be commenced and completed the construction of the combined occupancy structure, or portion thereof, within the periods of time which the public agency fixes as reasonable and (3) to comply with such other conditions as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. The public agency may negotiate with any developer for proposals for the sale and purchase or lease of air rights and shall consider all proposals submitted to it for the construction of a combined occupancy structure, or any portion thereof, and the financial and legal ability of the developers making such proposals to carry them out. The public agency at a public meeting, notice of which shall have been published in a newspaper of general circulation within the territorial limits of the public agency at least 15 but not more than 30 days prior to such meeting; may accept such proposal as it deems to be in the public interest and in furtherance of the purposes of this Act. The construction of the public portion of any combined occupancy structure shall be let upon open competitive bidding to the lowest responsible bidder. The sale or lease of air rights in accordance with the provisions of this shall be made at not less than fair use value. Periodic payments may be made by the public agency to the lowest responsible bidder selected by the public agency to construct the public portion of a combined occupancy structure as the work progresses. The developer who is selected to construct or to cause to be constructed a combined occupancy structure, or any portion thereof, shall furnish to or cause to be furnished to the public agency a performance and payment bond to serve as security for the faithful performance of the contract for the construction of the combined occupancy structure, or any portion thereof, and for the payment of all persons, firms or corporations to whom the developer or contractor may become legally indebted for labor, materials, facilities or services of any nature, employed or used by the developer or contractor in performing the work, such bond to be in such amount and with such surety as may be approved by the public agency.
(Source: P.A. 76-1161.)