Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
INTERSTATE COMPACTS45 ILCS 151/1
(45 ILCS 151/) Emergency Management Assistance Compact Act.
(45 ILCS 151/1)
This Act may be cited as the
Emergency Management Assistance Compact Act.
(Source: P.A. 92-123, eff. 7-20-01.)
45 ILCS 151/5
(45 ILCS 151/5)
Emergency Management Assistance Compact.
The State of Illinois
ratifies and approves the Emergency Management Assistance Compact and enters
into the Compact in substantially the following form:
ARTICLE I. Purposes and Authorities
This compact is made and entered into by and between the participating member
states which enact this compact, hereinafter called party states. For the
purposes of this agreement, the term "states" is taken to mean the several
states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and all U.S.
The purpose of this compact is to provide for mutual assistance between the
states entering into this compact in managing any emergency or disaster that is
duly declared by the governor of the affected state(s), whether arising from
natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, civil emergency
aspects of resources shortages, community disorders, insurgency, or enemy
This compact shall also provide for mutual cooperation in emergency-related
exercises, testing, or other training activities using equipment and personnel
simulating performance of any aspect of the giving and receiving of aid by
party states or subdivisions of party states during emergencies, such actions
occurring outside actual declared emergency periods. Mutual assistance in this
compact may include the use of the states' National Guard forces, either in
accordance with the National Guard Mutual Assistance Compact or by mutual
agreement between states.
ARTICLE II. General Implementation
Each party state entering into this compact recognizes many emergencies
transcend political jurisdictional boundaries and that intergovernmental
coordination is essential in managing these and other emergencies under this
compact. Each state further recognizes that there will be emergencies which
require immediate access and present procedures to apply outside resources to
make a prompt and effective response to such an emergency. This is because few,
if any, individual states have all the resources they may need in all types of
emergencies or the capability of delivering resources to areas where
The prompt, full, and effective utilization of resources of the participating
states, including any resources on hand or available from the federal
government or any other source, that are essential to the safety, care, and
welfare of the people in the event of any emergency or disaster declared by a
party state, shall be the underlying principle on which all articles of this
compact shall be understood.
On behalf of the governor of each state participating in the compact, the
legally designated state official who is assigned responsibility for emergency
management will be responsible for formulation of the appropriate interstate
mutual aid plans and procedures necessary to implement this compact.
ARTICLE III. Party State Responsibilities
(a) It shall be the responsibility of each party state to formulate
procedural plans and programs for interstate cooperation in the performance of
the responsibilities listed in this article. In formulating such plans, and in
carrying them out, the party states, insofar as practical, shall:
(i) Review individual state hazards analyses and, to
the extent reasonably possible, determine all those potential emergencies the party states might jointly suffer, whether due to natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, emergency aspects of resource shortages, civil disorders, insurgency, or enemy attack.
(ii) Review party states' individual emergency plans
and develop a plan which will determine the mechanism for the interstate management and provision of assistance concerning any potential emergency.
(iii) Develop interstate procedures to fill any
identified gaps and to resolve any identified inconsistencies or overlaps in existing or developed plans.
(iv) Assist in warning communities adjacent to or
crossing the state boundaries.
(v) Protect and assure uninterrupted delivery of
services, medicines, water, food, energy and fuel, search and rescue, and critical lifeline equipment, services, and resources, both human and material.
(vi) Inventory and set procedures for the interstate
loan and delivery of human and material resources, together with procedures for reimbursement or forgiveness.
(vii) Provide, to the extent authorized by law, for
temporary suspension of any statutes.
(b) The authorized representative of a party state may request assistance of
another party state by contacting the authorized representative of that state.
The provisions of this agreement shall only apply to requests for assistance
made by and to authorized representatives. Requests may be verbal or in
writing. If verbal, the request shall be confirmed in writing within 30 days of
the verbal request. Requests shall provide the following information:
(i) A description of the emergency service function
for which assistance is needed, such as but not limited to fire services, law enforcement, emergency medical, transportation, communications, public works and engineering, building inspection, planning and information assistance, mass care, resource support, health and medical services, and search and rescue.
(ii) The amount and type of personnel, equipment,
materials and supplies needed, and a reasonable estimate of the length of time they will be needed.
(iii) The specific place and time for staging of the
assisting party's response and a point of contact at that location.
(c) There shall be frequent consultation between state officials who have
assigned emergency management responsibilities and other appropriate
representatives of the party states with affected jurisdictions and the United
States government, with free exchange of information, plans, and resource
records relating to emergency capabilities.
ARTICLE IV. Limitations
Any party state requested to render mutual aid or conduct exercises and
training for mutual aid shall take such action as is necessary to provide and
make available the resources covered by this compact in accordance with the
terms hereof; provided that it is understood that the state rendering aid may
withhold resources to the extent necessary to provide reasonable protection for
such state. Each party state shall afford to the emergency forces of any party
state, while operating within its state limits under the terms and conditions
of this compact, the same powers (except that of arrest unless specifically
authorized by the receiving state), duties, rights, and privileges as are
afforded forces of the state in which they are performing emergency services.
Emergency forces will continue under the command and control of their regular
leaders, but the organizational units will come under the operational control
of the emergency services authorities of the state receiving assistance. These
conditions may be activated, as needed, only subsequent to a declaration of a
state of emergency or disaster by the governor of the party state that is to
receive assistance or commencement of exercises or training for mutual aid and
shall continue so long as the exercises or training for mutual aid are in
progress, the state of emergency or disaster remains in effect or loaned
resources remain in the receiving state(s), whichever is longer.
ARTICLE V. Licenses and Permits
Whenever any person holds a license, certificate, or other permit issued by
any state party to the compact evidencing the meeting of qualifications for
professional, mechanical, or other skills, and when such assistance is
requested by the receiving party state, such person shall be deemed licensed,
certified, or permitted by the state requesting assistance to render aid
involving such skill to meet a declared emergency or disaster, subject to such
limitations and conditions as the governor of the requesting state may
prescribe by executive order or otherwise.
ARTICLE VI. Liability
Officers or employees of a party state rendering aid in another state
pursuant to this compact shall be considered agents of the requesting state for
tort liability and immunity purposes; and no party state or its officers or
employees rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be
liable on account of any act or omission in good faith on the part of such
forces while so engaged or on account of the maintenance or use of any
equipment or supplies in connection therewith. Good faith in this article shall
not include willful misconduct, gross negligence, or recklessness.
ARTICLE VII. Supplementary Agreements
Inasmuch as it is probable that the pattern and detail of the machinery for
mutual aid among two or more states may differ from that among the states that
are party hereto, this instrument contains elements of a broad base common to
all states, and nothing herein contained shall preclude any state from entering
into supplementary agreements with another state or affect any other agreements
already in force between states. Supplementary agreements may comprehend, but
shall not be limited to, provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and
other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, police, public utility,
reconnaissance, welfare, transportation and communications personnel, and
equipment and supplies.
ARTICLE VIII. Compensation
Each party state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death
benefits to injured members of the emergency forces of that state and
representatives of deceased members of such forces in case such members sustain
injuries or are killed while rendering aid pursuant to this compact, in the
same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained
within their own state.
ARTICLE IX. Reimbursement
Any party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall
be reimbursed by the party state receiving such aid for any loss or damage to
or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment and the provision of any
service in answering a request for aid and for the costs incurred in connection
with such requests; provided, that any aiding party state may assume in whole
or in part such loss, damage, expense, or other cost, or may loan such
equipment or donate such services to the receiving party state without charge
or cost; and provided further, that any two or more party states may enter
into supplementary agreements establishing a different allocation of costs
among those states. Article VIII expenses shall not be reimbursable under this
ARTICLE X. Evacuation
Plans for the orderly evacuation and interstate reception of portions of the
civilian population as the result of any emergency or disaster of sufficient
proportions to so warrant, shall be worked out and maintained between the party
states and the emergency management services directors of the various
jurisdictions where any type of incident requiring evacuations might occur.
Such plans shall be put into effect by request of the state from which evacuees
come and shall include the manner of transporting such evacuees, the number of
evacuees to be received in different areas, the manner in which food, clothing,
housing, and medical care will be provided, the registration of the evacuees,
the providing of facilities for the notification of relatives or friends, and
the forwarding of such evacuees to other areas or the bringing in of additional
materials, supplies, and all other relevant factors. Such plans shall provide
that the party state receiving evacuees and the party state from which the
evacuees come shall mutually agree as to reimbursement of out-of-pocket
expenses incurred in receiving and caring for such evacuees, for expenditures
for transportation, food, clothing, medicines and medical care, and like items.
Such expenditures shall be reimbursed as agreed by the party state from which
the evacuees come. After the termination of the emergency or disaster, the
party state from which the evacuees come shall assume the responsibility for
the ultimate support of repatriation of such evacuees.
ARTICLE XI. Implementation
(a) This compact shall become operative immediately upon its enactment into
law by any two (2) states; thereafter, this compact shall become effective as
to any other state upon its enactment by such state.
(b) Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute
repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall take effect until 30 days
after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of such
withdrawal to the governors of all other party states. Such action shall not
relieve the withdrawing state from obligations assumed hereunder prior to the
effective date of withdrawal.
(c) Duly authenticated copies of this compact and of such supplementary
agreements as may be entered into shall, at the time of their approval, be
deposited with each of the party states and with the Federal Emergency
Management Agency and other appropriate agencies of the United States
ARTICLE XII. Validity
This Act shall be construed to effectuate the purposes stated in Article I
hereof. If any provision of this compact is declared unconstitutional, or the
applicability thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the
constitutionality of the remainder of this Act and the applicability thereof to
other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby.
ARTICLE XIII. Additional Provisions
Nothing in this compact shall authorize or permit the use of military force
by the National Guard of a state at any place outside that state in any
emergency for which the President is authorized by law to call into federal
service the militia, or for any purpose for which the use of the Army or the
Air Force would in the absence of express statutory authorization be prohibited
under Section 1385 of title 18, United States Code.
(Source: P.A. 92-123, eff. 7-20-01.)
45 ILCS 151/10
(45 ILCS 151/10)
Reimbursements and expenses.
The Illinois Emergency Management Agency as the authorized representative of the State may use the Disaster Response and Recovery Fund to deposit any reimbursements received from a party state and to pay any expenses incurred relating to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-465, eff. 8-16-13.)
45 ILCS 151/95
(45 ILCS 151/95)
The Interstate Disaster Compact Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 92-123, eff. 7-20-01.)
45 ILCS 151/99
(45 ILCS 151/99)
This Act takes effect upon becoming law.
(Source: P.A. 92-123, eff. 7-20-01.)