(30 ILCS 805/3)
(from Ch. 85, par. 2203)
As used in this Act:
(a) "Local government" means a municipality, county, township, other
unit of local government, school district, or community college
(b) "State mandate" means any State-initiated
statutory or executive action that requires a local government to
establish, expand or modify its activities in such a way as to
necessitate additional expenditures from local revenues, excluding any
order issued by a court other than any order enforcing such
statutory or executive action. State mandates may be reimbursable or
nonreimbursable as provided in this Act. However, where the General
Assembly enacts legislation to comply with a federal
mandate, the State shall be exempt from the requirement of reimbursing
for the cost of the mandated program.
(c) "Local government organization and structure mandate" means a
State mandate concerning such matters as (1) the form of local
government and the adoption and revision of statutes on the organization
of local government; (2) the establishment of multi-county districts,
councils of governments, or other forms and structures for interlocal
cooperation and coordination; (3) the holding of local elections; (4)
the designation of public officers, and their duties, powers and
responsibilities; and (5) the prescription of administrative practices
and procedures for local governing bodies.
(d) "Due process mandate" means a State mandate concerning such
matters as the (1) administration of justice; (2) notification and
conduct of public hearings; (3) procedures for administrative and
judicial review of actions taken by local governing bodies and (4)
protection of the public from malfeasance, misfeasance, or nonfeasance
by local government officials.
(e) "Benefit spillover" means the process of accrual of social or
other benefits from a governmental service to jurisdictions adjacent to
or beyond the jurisdiction providing the service.
(f) "Service mandate" means a State mandate as to creation or
expansion of governmental services or delivery standards therefor and
those applicable to services having substantial benefit spillover and
consequently being wider than local concern. For purposes of this Act,
applicable services include but are not limited to (1) elementary and
secondary education, (2) community colleges, (3) public health, (4)
hospitals, (5) public assistance, (6) air pollution control, (7) water
pollution control, (8) solid waste treatment and disposal. A State
mandate that expands the duties of a public official by requiring the
provision of additional services is a "service mandate" rather than a
"local government organization and structure mandate".
(g) "Tax exemption mandate" means a State mandate that exempts
privately owned property or other specified items from the local tax
base, such as (1) exemption of business inventories from the local
property tax base, and (2) exemption of food or medicine from the local
(h) "Personnel mandate" means a State mandate concerning or
affecting local government (1) salaries and wages; (2) employee
qualifications and training (except when any civil service commission,
professional licensing board, or personnel board or agency established
by State law sets and administers standards relative to merit-based
recruitment or candidates for employment or conducts and grades
examinations and rates candidates in order of their relative excellence
for purposes of making appointments or promotions to positions in the
competitive division of the classified service of the public employer
served by such commission, board, or agency); (3) hours, location of
employment, and other working conditions; and (4) fringe benefits
including insurance, health, medical care, retirement and other
(Source: P.A. 81-1562
(30 ILCS 805/4)
(from Ch. 85, par. 2204)
Collection and maintenance of information concerning state
(a) The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, hereafter referred to
as the Department, shall be responsible for:
(1) Collecting and maintaining information on State
mandates, including information required for effective implementation of the provisions of this Act.
(2) Reviewing local government applications for
reimbursement submitted under this Act in cases in which the General Assembly has appropriated funds to reimburse local governments for costs associated with the implementation of a State mandate. In cases in which there is no appropriation for reimbursement, upon a request for determination of a mandate by a unit of local government, or more than one unit of local government filing a single request, other than a school district or a community college district, the Department shall determine whether a Public Act constitutes a mandate and, if so, the Statewide cost of implementation.
(3) Hearing complaints or suggestions from local
governments and other affected organizations as to existing or proposed State mandates.
(4) Reporting each year to the Governor and the
General Assembly regarding the administration of provisions of this Act and changes proposed to this Act.
The Legislative Research Unit shall conduct
public hearings as needed to review the
information collected and the
recommendations made by the Department under this subsection (a). The
Department shall cooperate fully with the Legislative Research Unit, providing any
information, supporting documentation and other assistance required by the
Legislative Research Unit to facilitate the conduct of the
(b) Within 2 years following the effective date of this Act,
the Department shall collect and tabulate relevant information as to the
nature and scope of each existing State mandate, including but not
necessarily limited to (i) identity of type of local government and
local government agency or official to whom the mandate is directed;
(ii) whether or not an identifiable local direct cost is necessitated by
the mandate and the estimated annual amount; (iii) extent of State
financial participation, if any, in meeting identifiable costs;
(iv) State agency, if any, charged with supervising the implementation
of the mandate; and (v) a brief description of the mandate and a citation of
its origin in statute or regulation.
(c) The resulting information from subsection (b) shall
be published in a catalog
available to members of the General Assembly, State and local officials,
and interested citizens. As new mandates are enacted they shall be added
to the catalog, and each January 31 the Department shall list each new
mandate enacted at the preceding session of the General Assembly, and
the estimated additional identifiable direct costs, if any imposed upon
local governments. A revised version of the catalog shall be published
every 2 years beginning with the publication date of the first catalog.
(d) Failure of the General Assembly to appropriate adequate
funds for reimbursement as required by this Act shall not relieve the
Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity from
its obligations under this
(Source: P.A. 93-632, eff. 2-1-04.)
(30 ILCS 805/6)
(from Ch. 85, par. 2206)
State Reimbursement to Local Government For Increased Costs
Arising From Certain Mandates. (a) Any increased costs accruing to local
governments as a direct result of mandates dealing with the organization
and structure of local government or due process mandates, as defined in
subsections (c) and (d), respectively, of Section 3 above, are not reimbursable
by the State.
(b) At least 50%, but not more than 100% of the increase in costs of
a local government directly attributable to a service mandate as defined
in subsection (f) of Section 3 enacted by the General Assembly or
established administratively after the effective date of this Act
shall be reimbursed by the State unless there is in existence at the
time of such enactment a program of State aid for the service affected
by the mandate whereunder the non-local share for any participating
local government is 50% or greater and where the increased costs
arising under the mandate constitute allowable expenditures under the
aid program. Where all or part of the increased costs are met through
federal or other external aid, only the net increase to the local
government shall be included in the base against which the amount of
State reimbursement is to be computed.
(c) 100% of the loss in revenue of a local government directly
attributable to a mandated classification or exemption of property for
purposes of ad valorem real property taxation enacted after the
effective date of this Act shall be reimbursed by the State. The loss of
revenue does not include potential revenue from property of a type which
was not being assessed and taxed on January 1, 1980.
(d) Except for a State mandate that affects personnel qualifications
for local employees, the salaries and wages of which are financed under
a State program, and except as provided in subsection (e) below, any
personnel mandate as defined in subsection (h) of
Section 3 above enacted by the General Assembly or established
administratively after the effective date of this Act shall be
reimbursed by the State to the extent of increased costs incurred by
local governments directly attributable to such mandate.
(e) All of the increased costs of a local government directly
attributable to a mandated increase in public employee retirement
benefits which is enacted after the effective date of this Act and which has
effect of elevating retirement benefits of local government employees
shall be reimbursed by the State; except that any increased costs of a
local government attributable to Public Act 83-152, 83-374, 83-375,
83-528, 83-558, 83-661, 83-664, 83-737, 83-772, 83-773, 83-780, 83-792,
83-793, 83-802, 83-810, 83-812, 83-823, 83-827 or 83-869 are not reimbursable
by the State.
(f) After the effective date of this Act, any bill filed and any
amended bill that creates or enlarges a State mandate of the type
specified in subsections (f), (g) and (h)
of Section 3, shall
have provided and identified for it an appropriation of an amount necessary
to provide the reimbursement specified above unless a statement, stating
the specific reasons for such
exclusion is set out in the bill or amendment as provided in subsection
(a) of Section 8.
(g) If a local government or combination of local governments has
been providing a service at its option which is subsequently mandated by
the State, the State shall pay them for the subsequent costs of such
program and the local government or governments shall proportionately
reduce its or their property tax extensions by the amount that the State
payment replaces property tax revenues which were being expended on such
service. However, for purposes of calculating a school district's State
aid, no district's operating tax rate shall be decreased as a result of
reimbursement under this Act.
(h) Any increased costs accruing to a local government as a direct
result of the requirements of the Steel Products Procurement Act are not
reimbursable by the State.
(Source: P.A. 83-1362.)
(30 ILCS 805/8)
(from Ch. 85, par. 2208)
Exclusions, reimbursement application, review, appeals, and
(a) Exclusions: Any of the following circumstances
inherent to, or associated with, a mandate shall exclude the State from
reimbursement liability under this Act. If the mandate (1) accommodates
a request from local governments or organizations thereof; (2) imposes
additional duties of a nature which can be carried out by existing staff
and procedures at no appreciable net cost increase; (3) creates
additional costs but also provides offsetting savings resulting in no
aggregate increase in net costs; (4) imposes a cost that is wholly or
largely recovered from Federal, State or other external financial aid;
(5) imposes additional annual net costs of less than $1,000
for each of the several local governments affected or less than $50,000,
in the aggregate, for all local governments affected.
The failure of the General Assembly to make necessary appropriations
shall relieve the local government of the obligation to implement any
service mandates, tax exemption mandates, and personnel mandates, as
specified in Section 6, subsections (b), (c), (d) and (e), unless the
exclusion provided for in this Section are explicitly stated in the Act
establishing the mandate. In the event that funding is not provided for
a State-mandated program by the General Assembly, the local government
may implement or continue the program upon approval of its governing
body. If the local government approves the program and funding is
subsequently provided, the State shall reimburse the local governments
only for costs incurred subsequent to the funding.
(b) Reimbursement Estimation and Appropriation Procedure.
(1) When a bill is introduced in the General
Assembly, the Legislative Reference Bureau, hereafter referred to as the Bureau, shall determine whether such bill may require reimbursement to local governments pursuant to this Act. The Bureau shall make such determination known in the Legislative Synopsis and Digest.
In making the determination required by this
subsection (b) the Bureau shall disregard any provision in a bill which would make inoperative the reimbursement requirements of Section 6 above, including an express exclusion of the applicability of this Act, and shall make the determination irrespective of any such provision.
(2) Any bill or amended bill which creates or expands
a State mandate shall be subject to the provisions of "An Act requiring fiscal notes in relation to certain bills", approved June 4, 1965, as amended. The fiscal notes for such bills or amended bills shall include estimates of the costs to local government and the costs of any reimbursement required under this Act. In the case of bills having a potential fiscal impact on units of local government, the fiscal note shall be prepared by the Department. In the case of bills having a potential fiscal impact on school districts, the fiscal note shall be prepared by the State Superintendent of Education. In the case of bills having a potential fiscal impact on community college districts, the fiscal note shall be prepared by the Illinois Community College Board. Such fiscal note shall accompany the bill that requires State reimbursement and shall be prepared prior to any final action on such a bill by the assigned committee. However, if a fiscal note is not filed by the appropriate agency within 30 days of introduction of a bill, the bill can be heard in committee and advanced to the order of second reading. The bill shall then remain on second reading until a fiscal note is filed. A bill discharged from committee shall also remain on second reading until a fiscal note is provided by the appropriate agency.
(3) The estimate required by paragraph (2) above,
shall include the amount estimated to be required during the first fiscal year of a bill's operation in order to reimburse local governments pursuant to Section 6, for costs mandated by such bill. In the event that the effective date of such a bill is not the first day of the fiscal year the estimate shall also include the amount estimated to be required for reimbursement for the next following full fiscal year.
(4) For the initial fiscal year, reimbursement funds
shall be provided as follows: (i) any statute mandating such costs shall have a companion appropriation bill, and (ii) any executive order mandating such costs shall be accompanied by a bill to appropriate the funds therefor, or, alternatively an appropriation for such funds shall be included in the executive budget for the next following fiscal year.
In subsequent fiscal years appropriations for such
costs shall be included in the Governor's budget or supplemental appropriation bills.
(c) Reimbursement Application and Disbursement Procedure.
(1) For the initial fiscal year during which
reimbursement is authorized, each local government, or more than one local government wishing to join in filing a single claim, believing itself to be entitled to reimbursement under this Act shall submit to the Department, State Superintendent of Education or Illinois Community College Board within 60 days of the effective date of the mandate a claim for reimbursement accompanied by its estimate of the increased costs required by the mandate for the balance of the fiscal year. The Department, State Superintendent of Education or Illinois Community College Board shall review such claim and estimate, shall apportion the claim into 3 equal installments and shall direct the Comptroller to pay the installments at equal intervals throughout the remainder of the fiscal year from the funds appropriated for such purposes, provided that the Department, State Superintendent of Education or Illinois Community College Board may (i) audit the records of any local government to verify the actual amount of the mandated cost, and (ii) reduce any claim determined to be excessive or unreasonable.
(2) For the subsequent fiscal years, local
governments shall submit claims as specified above on or before October 1 of each year. The Department, State Superintendent of Education or Illinois Community College Board shall apportion the claims into 3 equal installments and shall direct the Comptroller to pay the first installment upon approval of the claims, with subsequent installments to follow on January 1 and March 1, such claims to be paid from funds appropriated therefor, provided that the Department, State Superintendent of Education or Illinois Community College Board (i) may audit the records of any local governments to verify the actual amount of the mandated cost, (ii) may reduce any claim, determined to be excessive or unreasonable, and (iii) shall adjust the payment to correct for any underpayments or overpayments which occurred in the previous fiscal year.
(3) Any funds received by a local government pursuant
to this Act may be used for any public purpose.
If the funds appropriated for reimbursement of the
costs of local government resulting from the creation or expansion of a State mandate are less than the total of the approved claims, the amount appropriated shall be prorated among the local governments having approved claims.
(d) Appeals and Adjudication.
(1) Local governments may appeal determinations made
by State agencies acting pursuant to subsection (c) above. The appeal must be submitted to the State Mandates Board of Review created by Section 9.1 of this Act within 60 days following the date of receipt of the determination being appealed. The appeal must include evidence as to the extent to which the mandate has been carried out in an effective manner and executed without recourse to standards of staffing or expenditure higher than specified in the mandatory statute, if such standards are specified in the statute. The State Mandates Board of Review, after reviewing the evidence submitted to it, may increase or reduce the amount of a reimbursement claim. The decision of the State Mandates Board of Review shall be final subject to judicial review. However, if sufficient funds have not been appropriated, the Department shall notify the General Assembly of such cost, and appropriations for such costs shall be included in a supplemental appropriation bill.
(2) A local government may also appeal directly to
the State Mandates Board of Review in those situations in which the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity does not act upon the local government's application for reimbursement or request for mandate determination submitted under this Act. The appeal must include evidence that the application for reimbursement or request for mandate determination was properly filed and should have been reviewed by the Department.
An appeal may be made to the Board if the Department
does not respond to a local government's application for reimbursement or request for mandate determination within 120 days after filing the application or request. In no case, however, may an appeal be brought more than one year after the application or request is filed with the Department.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.21)
Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of
this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of
any mandate created by Public Act 89-705, 89-718, 90-4, 90-7, 90-27, 9-28,
90-31, 90-32, 90-186, 90-204, 90-258, 90-288, 90-350, 90-448, 90-460, 90-497,
90-511, 90-524, 90-531, 90-535, or 90-551.
(Source: P.A. 90-4, eff. 3-7-97; 90-7, eff. 6-10-97; 90-27, eff. 1-1-98;
90-31, eff. 6-27-97; 90-32, eff. 6-27-97; 90-186, eff. 7-24-97; 90-204, eff.
7-25-97; 90-258, eff. 7-30-97; 90-288, eff. 8-1-97; 90-350, eff, 1-1-98;
90-448, eff. 8-16-97; 90-460, eff. 8-17-97; 90-497, eff. 8-18-97; 90-511, eff.
8-22-97; 90-524, eff. 1-1-98; 90-531, eff. 1-1-98; 90-535, eff. 11-14-97;
90-551, eff. 12-12-97; 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.23)
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement
by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate created by
Public Act 91-17, 91-56, 91-254, 91-401, 91-466, 91-474, 91-478, 91-486,
91-523, 91-578, 91-617, 91-635, or 91-651.
(b) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act and except for the
payment provided in subsection (k) of Section 21-14 of the School Code, no
reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate
created by Public Act 91-102.
(Source: P.A. 91-17, eff. 6-4-99; 91-56, eff. 6-30-99; 91-102, eff. 7-12-99;
91-254, eff. 7-1-00; 91-401, eff. 1-1-00; 91-466, eff. 8-6-99; 91-474, eff.
11-1-99; 91-478, eff. 11-1-99; 91-486, eff. 1-1-00; 91-523, eff. 1-1-00;
91-578, eff. 8-14-99; 91-617, eff. 1-1-00; 91-635, eff. 8-20-99; 91-651, eff.
1-1-00; 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.29)
Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this
Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of
any mandate created by Public Act 94-4, 94-210, 94-234, 94-354, 94-478, 94-576, 94-600, 94-612, 94-621, 94-624, 94-639, 94-645, 94-712, 94-714, 94-719, or 94-724.
(Source: P.A. 94-4, eff. 6-1-05; 94-210, eff. 7-14-05; 94-234, eff. 7-1-06; 94-354, eff. 1-1-06; 94-478, eff. 8-5-05; 94-576, eff. 8-12-05; 94-600, eff. 8-16-05; 94-612, eff. 8-18-05; 94-621, eff. 8-18-05; 94-624, eff. 8-18-05; 94-639, eff. 8-22-05; 94-645, eff. 8-22-05; 94-712, eff. 6-1-06; 94-714, eff. 7-1-06; 94-719, eff. 1-6-06; 94-724, eff. 1-20-06; 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.31)
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8
of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the
implementation of any mandate created by Public Act 95-9, 95-17, 95-148, 95-151, 95-194, 95-232, 95-241, 95-279, 95-349, 95-369, 95-483, 95-486, 95-504, 95-521, 95-530, 95-586, 95-644, 95-654, 95-671, 95-677, 95-681, or 95-764.
(b) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate created by the Green Cleaning Schools Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-9, eff. 6-30-07; 95-17, eff. 1-1-08; 95-84, eff. 8-13-07; 95-148, eff. 8-14-07; 95-151, eff. 8-14-07; 95-194, eff. 1-1-08; 95-232, eff. 8-16-07; 95-241, eff. 8-17-07; 95-279, eff. 1-1-08; 95-349, eff. 8-23-07; 95-369, eff. 8-23-07; 95-483, eff. 8-28-07; 95-486, eff. 8-28-07; 95-504, eff. 8-28-07; 95-521, eff. 8-28-07; 95-530, eff. 8-28-07; 95-586, eff. 8-31-07; 95-644, eff. 10-12-07; 95-654, eff. 1-1-08; 95-671, eff. 1-1-08; 95-677, eff. 10-11-07; 95-681, eff. 10-11-07; 95-764, eff. 1-1-09; 95-876, eff. 8-21-08; 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.33)
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of Section 5-42 of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (2016) Law.
(b) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate created by Public Act 96-139, 96-251, 96-260, 96-285, 96-297, 96-299, 96-343, 96-357, 96-410, 96-429, 96-494, 96-505, 96-621, 96-650, 96-727, 96-745, 96-749, 96-775, 96-841, or 96-843.
(c) Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate created by the Identity Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-7, eff. 4-3-09; 96-139, eff. 1-1-10; 96-251, eff. 8-11-09; 96-260, eff. 8-11-09; 96-285, eff. 8-11-09; 96-297, eff. 8-11-09; 96-299, eff. 8-11-09; 96-343, eff. 8-11-09; 96-357, eff. 8-13-09; 96-410, eff. 7-1-10; 96-429, eff. 8-13-09; 96-494, eff. 8-14-09; 96-505, eff. 8-14-09; 96-621, eff. 1-1-10; 96-650, eff. 1-1-10; 96-727, eff. 8-25-09; 96-745, eff. 8-25-09; 96-749, eff. 1-1-10; 96-775, eff. 8-28-09; 96-841, eff. 12-23-09; 96-843, eff. 6-1-10; 96-874, eff. 6-1-10; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)
(30 ILCS 805/8.34)
Notwithstanding Sections 6 and 8 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for the implementation of any mandate created by Public Act 96-889, 96-952, 96-961, 96-1046, 96-1084, 96-1140, 96-1215, 96-1248, 96-1252, 96-1254, 96-1258, 96-1260, 96-1425, 96-1485, or 96-1536.
(Source: P.A. 96-889, eff. 1-1-11; 96-952, eff. 6-28-10; 96-961, eff. 7-2-10; 96-1046, eff. 7-14-10; 96-1084, eff. 7-16-10; 96-1140, eff. 7-21-10; 96-1215, eff. 7-22-10; 96-1248, eff. 7-23-10; 96-1252, eff. 7-23-10; 96-1254, eff. 7-23-10; 96-1258, eff. 7-23-10; 96-1260, eff. 7-23-10; 96-1425, eff. 1-1-11; 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10; incorporates 96-1536, eff. 3-4-11; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)