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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

FINANCE
(30 ILCS 210/) Illinois State Collection Act of 1986.

30 ILCS 210/1

    (30 ILCS 210/1) (from Ch. 15, par. 151)
    Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Illinois State Collection Act of 1986".
(Source: P.A. 84-1344.)

30 ILCS 210/2

    (30 ILCS 210/2) (from Ch. 15, par. 152)
    Sec. 2. This Act applies to all accounts or claims owed to "State agencies", as that term is defined in the Illinois State Auditing Act, except that the debt collection and write-off provisions of this Act shall not apply to the Illinois State Scholarship Commission in the administration of its student loan programs. To the extent that some other statute prescribes procedures for collection of particular types of accounts or claims owed to State agencies in conflict with the provisions of this Act, such other statute shall continue in full force and effect. The debt collection and write-off provisions of this Act may be utilized by the General Assembly, the Supreme Court and the several courts of this State, and the constitutionally elected State Officers, at their discretion. However reporting requirements established by the comptroller shall be followed by all State agencies. The provisions of this Act shall be utilized at all times by all departments, agencies, divisions, and offices under the jurisdiction of the Governor.
(Source: P.A. 85-814.)

30 ILCS 210/3

    (30 ILCS 210/3) (from Ch. 15, par. 153)
    Sec. 3. Policy. It is hereby declared to be the public policy of this State to aggressively pursue the collection of accounts or claims due and payable to the State of Illinois through all reasonable means. To this end, this Act is supplementary to existing State laws prescribing the means of collection of amounts owing to the State of Illinois and nothing in this Act shall be construed to require compliance with the procedures set forth herein as a condition precedent to compliance with any other statute regulating or prescribing State collection procedures. Except as provided in Section 8, each State agency shall have the principal responsibility for the timely collection of accounts or claims owed to the State agency.
(Source: P.A. 89-511, eff. 1-1-97.)

30 ILCS 210/4

    (30 ILCS 210/4) (from Ch. 15, par. 154)
    Sec. 4. (a) The Comptroller shall provide by rule appropriate procedures for State agencies to follow in establishing and recording within the State accounting system records of amounts owed to the State of Illinois. The rules of the Comptroller shall include, but are not limited to:
        (1) the manner by which State agencies shall
    
recognize debts;
        (2) systems to age accounts receivable of State
    
agencies;
        (3) standards by which State agencies' claims may be
    
entered and removed from the Comptroller's Offset System authorized by Section 10.05 of the State Comptroller Act;
        (4) accounting procedures for estimating the amount
    
of uncollectible receivables of State agencies; and
        (5) accounting procedures for writing off bad debts
    
and uncollectible claims prior to referring them to the Department of Revenue Collections Bureau for collection.
    (b) State agencies shall report to the Comptroller information concerning their accounts receivable and uncollectible claims in accordance with the rules of the Comptroller, which may provide for summary reporting. The Department of Revenue is exempt from the provisions of this subsection with regard to debts the confidentiality of which the Department of Revenue is required by law to maintain.
    (c) The rules of the Comptroller authorized by this Section may specify varying procedures and forms of reporting dependent upon the nature and amount of the account receivable or uncollectible claim, the age of the debt, the probability of collection and such other factors that will increase the net benefit to the State of the collection effort.
    (d) The Comptroller shall report annually by March 14, to the Governor and the General Assembly, the amount of all delinquent debt owed to each State agency as of December 31 of the previous calendar year.
(Source: P.A. 93-570, eff. 8-20-03.)

30 ILCS 210/5

    (30 ILCS 210/5) (from Ch. 15, par. 155)
    Sec. 5. Rules; payment plans; offsets.
    (a) Until July 1, 2004 for the Department of Public Aid and July 1, 2005 for Universities and all other State agencies, State agencies shall adopt rules establishing formal due dates for amounts owing to the State and for the referral of seriously past due accounts to private collection agencies, unless otherwise expressly provided by law or rule, except that on and after July 1, 2005, the Department of Employment Security may continue to refer to private collection agencies past due amounts that are exempt from subsection (g). Such procedures shall be established in accord with sound business practices.
    (b) Until July 1, 2004 for the Department of Public Aid and July 1, 2005 for Universities and all other State agencies, agencies may enter deferred payment plans for debtors of the agency and documentation of this fact retained by the agency, where the deferred payment plan is likely to increase the net amount collected by the State, except that, on and after July 1, 2005, the Department of Employment Security may continue to enter deferred payment plans for debts that are exempt from subsection (g).
    (c) Until July 1, 2004 for the Department of Public Aid and July 1, 2005 for Universities and all other State agencies, State agencies may use the Comptroller's Offset System provided in Section 10.05 of the State Comptroller Act for the collection of debts owed to the agency, except that, on and after July 1, 2005, the Department of Employment Security may continue to use the Comptroller's offset system to collect amounts that are exempt from subsection (g).
    (c-1) All debts that exceed $250 and are more than 90 days past due shall be placed in the Comptroller's Offset System, unless (i) the State agency shall have entered into a deferred payment plan or demonstrates to the Comptroller's satisfaction that referral for offset is not cost effective; or (ii) the State agency is a university that elects to place in the Comptroller's Offset System only debts that exceed $1,000 and are more than 90 days past due. All debt, and maintenance of that debt, that is placed in the Comptroller's Offset System must be submitted electronically to the office of the Comptroller. Any exception to this requirement must be approved in writing by the Comptroller.
    (c-2) Upon processing a deduction to satisfy a debt owed to a university or a State agency and placed in the Comptroller's Offset System in accordance with subsection (c-1), the Comptroller shall give written notice to the person subject to the offset. The notice shall inform the person that he or she may make a written protest to the Comptroller within 60 days after the Comptroller has given notice. The protest shall include the reason for contesting the deduction and any other information that will enable the Comptroller to determine the amount due and payable. If the person subject to the offset has not made a written protest within 60 days after the Comptroller has given notice, or if a final disposition is made concerning the deduction, the Comptroller shall pay the deduction to the university or the State agency.
    (c-3) For a debt owed to a university or a State agency and placed in the Comptroller's Offset System in accordance with subsection (c-1), the Comptroller shall deduct, from a warrant or other payment, its processing charge and the amount certified as necessary to satisfy, in whole or in part, the debt owed to the university or the State agency. The Comptroller shall deduct a processing charge of up to $15 per transaction for each offset and such charges shall be deposited into the Comptroller Debt Recovery Trust Fund.
    (c-4) If a State university withholds moneys from a university-funded payroll for a debt in accordance with this Act, the university may also withhold the processing charge identified in Section 10.05d of the State Comptroller Act and subsection (c-3) of Section 5 of the Illinois State Collection Act of 1986. Both amounts must be remitted to the Office of the Comptroller in a timely manner.
    (d) State agencies shall develop internal procedures whereby agency initiated payments to its debtors may be offset without referral to the Comptroller's Offset System.
    (e) State agencies or the Comptroller may remove claims from the Comptroller's Offset System, where such claims have been inactive for more than one year.
    (f) State agencies may use the Comptroller's Offset System to determine if any State agency is attempting to collect debt from a contractor, bidder, or other proposed contracting party.
    (g) Beginning July 1, 2004 for the Departments of Public Aid (now Healthcare and Family Services) and Employment Security and July 1, 2005 for Universities and other State agencies, State agencies shall refer to the Department of Revenue Debt Collection Bureau (the Bureau) all debt to the State, provided that the debt satisfies the requirements for referral of delinquent debt as established by rule by the Department of Revenue.
    (h) The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section with regard to child support debts, the collection of which is governed by the requirements of Title IV, Part D of the federal Social Security Act. The Department of Healthcare and Family Services may refer child support debts to the Bureau, provided that the debt satisfies the requirements for referral of delinquent debt as established by rule by the Department of Revenue. The Bureau shall use all legal means available to collect child support debt, including those authorizing the Department of Revenue to collect debt and those authorizing the Department of Healthcare and Family Services to collect debt. All such referred debt shall remain an obligation under the Department of Healthcare and Family Services' Child Support Enforcement Program subject to the requirements of Title IV, Part D of the federal Social Security Act, including the continued use of federally mandated enforcement remedies and techniques by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
    (h-1) The Department of Employment Security is exempt from subsection (g) with regard to debts to any federal account, including but not limited to the Unemployment Trust Fund, and penalties and interest assessed under the Unemployment Insurance Act. The Department of Employment Security may refer those debts to the Bureau, provided the debt satisfies the requirements for referral of delinquent debt as established by rule by the Department of Revenue. The Bureau shall use all legal means available to collect the debts, including those authorizing the Department of Revenue to collect debt and those authorizing the Department of Employment Security to collect debt. All referred debt shall remain an obligation to the account to which it is owed.
    (i) All debt referred to the Bureau for collection shall remain the property of the referring agency. The Bureau shall collect debt on behalf of the referring agency using all legal means available, including those authorizing the Department of Revenue to collect debt and those authorizing the referring agency to collect debt.
    (j) No debt secured by an interest in real property granted by the debtor in exchange for the creation of the debt shall be referred to the Bureau. The Bureau shall have no obligation to collect debts secured by an interest in real property.
    (k) Beginning July 1, 2003, each agency shall collect and provide the Bureau information regarding the nature and details of its debt in such form and manner as the Department of Revenue shall require.
    (l) For all debt accruing after July 1, 2003, each agency shall collect and transmit such debtor identification information as the Department of Revenue shall require.
(Source: P.A. 97-759, eff. 7-6-12; 98-1043, eff. 8-25-14.)

30 ILCS 210/6

    (30 ILCS 210/6) (from Ch. 15, par. 156)
    Sec. 6. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-570, eff. 8-20-03. Repealed internally, eff. 7-1-04.)

30 ILCS 210/7

    (30 ILCS 210/7) (from Ch. 15, par. 157)
    Sec. 7. Upon agreement of the Attorney General, the Bureau may contract for legal assistance in collecting past due accounts. Any contract entered into under this Section before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly shall remain valid but may not be renewed.
(Source: P.A. 93-570, eff. 8-20-03.)

30 ILCS 210/8

    (30 ILCS 210/8)
    Sec. 8. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-570, eff. 8-20-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-493, eff. 1-1-10.)

30 ILCS 210/9

    (30 ILCS 210/9)
    (Section 9 as added by 96-1383 was renumbered as Section 10.1 in P.A. 97-333. Section 9 as added by 96-1435 was renumbered as Section 10.2 in P.A. 97-333.)
    Sec. 9. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 96-1383, eff. 1-1-11; 96-1435, eff. 8-16-10; text omitted.)

30 ILCS 210/10

    (30 ILCS 210/10)
    Sec. 10. Department of Revenue Debt Collection Bureau to assume collection duties.
    (a) The Department of Revenue's Debt Collection Bureau shall serve as the primary debt collecting entity for the State and in that role shall collect debts on behalf of agencies of the State. All debts owed the State of Illinois shall be referred to the Bureau, subject to such limitations as the Department of Revenue shall by rule establish. The Bureau shall utilize the Comptroller's offset system and private collection agencies, as well as its own collections personnel, and may use the offset system of the Department of the Treasury of the United States for the collection of State debt pursuant to Sections 10.05 and 10.05c of the State Comptroller Act and subsection (i-1) of Section 10 of the Illinois State Collection Act of 1986. The Bureau shall collect debt using all legal authority available to the Department of Revenue to collect debt and all legal authority available to the referring agency.
    (b) The Bureau shall have the sole authority to let contracts with persons specializing in debt collection for the collection of debt referred to and accepted by the Bureau. Any contract with the debt collector shall specify that the collector's fee shall be on a contingency basis and that the debt collector shall not be entitled to collect a contingency fee for any debt collected through the efforts of any State offset system.
    (c) The Department of Revenue shall adopt rules for the certification of debt from referring agencies and shall adopt rules for the certification of collection specialists to be employed by the Bureau.
    (d) The Department of Revenue shall adopt rules for determining when a debt referred by an agency shall be deemed by the Bureau to be uncollectible.
    (e) Once an agency's debt is deemed by the Bureau to be uncollectible, the Bureau shall return the debt to the referring agency which shall then write the debt off as uncollectible in accordance with the requirements of the Uncollected State Claims Act or return the debt to the Bureau for additional collection efforts. The Bureau shall refuse to accept debt that has been deemed uncollectible absent factual assertions from the referring agency that due to circumstances not known at the time the debt was deemed uncollectible that the debt is worthy of additional collection efforts.
    (f) For each debt referred, the State agency shall retain all documents and records relating to or supporting the debt. In the event a debtor shall raise a reasonable doubt as to the validity of the debt, the Bureau may in its discretion refer the debt back to the referring agency for further review and recommendation.
    (g) The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section with regard to child support debts, the collection of which is governed by the requirements of Title IV, Part D of the federal Social Security Act. The Department of Healthcare and Family Services may refer child support debts to the Bureau, provided that the debt satisfies the requirements for referral of delinquent debt as established by rule by the Department of Revenue. The Bureau shall use all legal means available to collect child support debt, including those authorizing the Department of Revenue to collect debt and those authorizing the Department of Healthcare and Family Services to collect debt. All such referred debt shall remain an obligation under the Department of Healthcare and Family Services' Child Support Enforcement Program subject to the requirements of Title IV, Part D of the federal Social Security Act, including the continued use of federally mandated enforcement remedies and techniques by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
    (g-1) The Department of Employment Security is exempt from subsection (a) with regard to debts to any federal account, including but not limited to the Unemployment Trust Fund, and penalties and interest assessed under the Unemployment Insurance Act. The Department of Employment Security may refer those debts to the Bureau, provided the debt satisfies the requirements for referral of delinquent debt as established by rule by the Department of Revenue. The Bureau shall use all legal means available to collect the debts, including those authorizing the Department of Revenue to collect debt and those authorizing the Department of Employment Security to collect debt. All referred debt shall remain an obligation to the account to which it is owed.
    (h) The Bureau may collect its costs of collecting debts on behalf of other State agencies from those agencies in a manner to be determined by the Director of Revenue, except that the Bureau shall not recover any such cost on any accounts referred by the General Assembly, the Supreme Court and other courts of this State, and the State executive branch constitutional officers. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to debt that is exempt from subsection (a) pursuant to subsection (g-1) or child support debt referred to the Bureau by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid) pursuant to this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly. Collections arising from referrals from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid) shall be deposited into such fund or funds as the Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall direct, in accordance with the requirements of Title IV, Part D of the federal Social Security Act, applicable provisions of State law, and the rules of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Collections arising from referrals from the Department of Employment Security shall be deposited into the fund or funds that the Department of Employment Security shall direct, in accordance with the requirements of Section 3304(a)(3) of the federal Unemployment Tax Act, Section 303(a)(4) of the federal Social Security Act, and the Unemployment Insurance Act.
    (i) The Attorney General and the State Comptroller may assist in the debt collection efforts of the Bureau, as requested by the Department of Revenue.
    (i-1) The Department may enter into a reciprocal offset agreement with the Office of the State Comptroller and the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, or his or her delegate, which provides for (i) the use of the Comptroller's offset system to offset State payments to collect federal nontax debts and for the Comptroller to charge a fee up to $25 per transaction for such offsets; and (ii) offsetting federal payments, as authorized by federal law, to collect State debts, State tax, and nontax obligations, and for the Comptroller to collect the offset cost from the Department of the Treasury of the United States to cover the full cost of offsets taken, to the extent allowed by federal law, or, if not allowed by federal law, from the debtor by offset of the overpayment. The agreement shall provide that the Department of the Treasury of the United States may deduct a fee from each administrative offset and State payment offset. Any offset fees collected by the Comptroller under this subsection for administrative offset or State payment offset shall be deposited into the Comptroller's Administrative Fund.
    For purposes of this subsection, "administrative offset" is any offset of federal payments to collect State debts.
    For purposes of this subsection, "State payment offset" is any offset of State payments to collect federal nontax debts.
    (j) The Director of Revenue shall report annually to the General Assembly and State Comptroller upon the debt collection efforts of the Bureau. Each report shall include an analysis of the overdue debts owed to the State.
    (k) The Department of Revenue shall adopt rules and procedures for the administration of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly. The rules shall be adopted under the Department of Revenue's emergency rulemaking authority within 90 days following the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly due to the budget crisis threatening the public interest.
    (l) The Department of Revenue's Debt Collection Bureau's obligations under this Section 10 shall be subject to appropriation by the General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 96-493, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1383, eff. 1-1-11; 97-269, eff. 12-16-11 (see Section 15 of P.A. 97-632 for the effective date of changes made by P.A. 97-269).)

30 ILCS 210/10.1

    (30 ILCS 210/10.1)
    Sec. 10.1. Collection agency fees. Except where prohibited by federal law or regulation, in the case of any liability referred to a collection agency on or after July 1, 2010, any fee charged to the State by the collection agency (i) may not exceed 25% for a first placement of the underlying liability referred to the collection agency unless the liability is for a tax debt, (ii) is considered an additional liability owed to the State, (iii) is immediately subject to all collection procedures applicable to the liability referred to the collection agency, and (iv) must be separately stated in any statement or notice of the liability issued by the collection agency to the debtor. The fee limitations of this Section do not apply to a second, third, or subsequent placement or to litigation activities.
(Source: P.A. 96-1383, eff. 1-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-444, eff. 8-19-11.)

30 ILCS 210/10.2

    (30 ILCS 210/10.2)
    Sec. 10.2. Deferral and compromise of past due debt.
    (a) In this Section, "past due debt" means any debt owed to the State that has been outstanding for more than 12 months. "Past due debt" does not include any debt if any of the actions required under this Section would violate federal law or regulation.
    (b) State agencies may enter into a deferred payment plan for the purpose of satisfying a past due debt. Except for a deferred payment plan entered into by any Illinois public university, as defined in Section 10 of the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Act, or by the Illinois Department of Transportation or for debts owed to the Illinois Department of Transportation for deposit into the Road Fund, the deferred payment plan must meet the following requirements:
        (1) The term of the deferred payment plan may not
    
exceed 2 years.
        (2) The first payment of the deferred payment plan
    
must be at least 10% of the total amount due.
        (3) All subsequent monthly payments for the deferred
    
payment plan must be assessed as equal monthly principal payments, together with interest.
        (4) The deferred payment plan must include interest
    
at a rate that is the same as the interest required under the State Prompt Payment Act.
        (5) The deferred payment plan must be approved by the
    
Secretary or Director of the State agency.
    (c) State agencies may compromise past due debts. Any action taken by a State agency to compromise a past due debt, other than an action taken by an Illinois public university, as defined in Section 10 of the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Act, to compromise past due debt, must meet the following requirements:
        (1) The amount of the compromised debt shall be no
    
less than 80% of the total of the past due debt.
        (2) Once a past due debt has been compromised, the
    
debtor must remit to the State agency the total amount of the compromised debt. However, the State agency may collect the compromised debt through a payment plan not to exceed 6 months. If the State agency accepts the compromised debt through a payment plan, then the compromised debt shall be subject to the same rate of interest as required under the State Prompt Payment Act.
        (3) Before a State agency accepts a compromised debt,
    
the amount of the compromised debt must be approved by the Secretary or Director of the agency.
    (d) State agencies may sell a past due debt to one or more outside private vendors. Sales shall be conducted under rules adopted by the Department of Revenue using a request for proposals procedure similar to that procedure under the Illinois Procurement Code. The outside private vendors shall remit to the State agency the purchase price for debts sold under this subsection.
    (e) The State agency shall deposit all amounts received under this Section into the General Revenue Fund. For Illinois public universities, as defined in Section 10 of the Illinois Prepaid Tuition Act, the requirement of this subsection (e) applies to amounts received from the sale of past due debt and does not apply to amounts received under a deferred payment plan or a compromised debt payment plan.
    (f) This Section does not apply to any tax debt owing to the Department of Revenue.
    (g) This Section does not apply to child support debts enforced by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services pursuant to Title IV-D of the federal Social Security Act and Article X of the Illinois Public Aid Code.
    (h) This Section does not apply to debts that are enforced by the Department of Employment Security and owed to any federal account, including but not limited to the Unemployment Trust Fund, and penalties and interest assessed under the Unemployment Insurance Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1435, eff. 8-16-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-444, eff. 8-19-11.)