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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

EXECUTIVE BRANCH
(20 ILCS 3955/) Guardianship and Advocacy Act.

20 ILCS 3955/1

    (20 ILCS 3955/1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 701)
    Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the Guardianship and Advocacy Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/2

    (20 ILCS 3955/2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 702)
    Sec. 2. As used in this Act, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Authority" means a Human Rights Authority.
    (b) "Commission" means the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission.
    (c) "Director" means the Director of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission.
    (d) "Guardian" means a court appointed guardian or conservator.
    (e) "Services" includes but is not limited to examination, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, care, training, psychotherapy, pharmaceuticals, after-care, habilitation, and rehabilitation provided for an eligible person.
    (f) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, unincorporated organization, or a government or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof.
    (g) "Eligible persons" means individuals who have received, are receiving, have requested, or may be in need of mental health services, or are "persons with a developmental disability" as defined in the federal Developmental Disabilities Services and Facilities Construction Act (Public Law 94-103, Title II), as now or hereafter amended, or "persons disabled" as defined in the Disabled Persons Rehabilitation Act.
    (h) "Rights" includes but is not limited to all rights, benefits, and privileges guaranteed by law, the Constitution of the State of Illinois, and the Constitution of the United States.
    (i) "Legal Advocacy Service attorney" means an attorney employed by or under contract with the Legal Advocacy Service.
    (j) "Service provider" means any public or private facility, center, hospital, clinic, program, or any other person devoted in whole or in part to providing services to eligible persons.
    (k) "State Guardian" means the Office of State Guardian.
    (l) "Ward" means a ward as defined by the Probate Act of 1975, as now or hereafter amended, who is at least 18 years of age.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96.)

20 ILCS 3955/3

    (20 ILCS 3955/3) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 703)
    Sec. 3. The Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is hereby created as an executive agency of state government. The Legal Advocacy Service, Human Rights Authority and the Office of State Guardian shall be established as divisions of the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/4

    (20 ILCS 3955/4) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 704)
    Sec. 4. (a) The Commission shall consist of 11 members, one of whom shall be a senior citizen age 60 or over, who shall be appointed by the Governor, taking into account the requirements of State and federal statutes, with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    All appointments shall be filed with the Secretary of State by the appointing authority.
    (b) The terms of the original members shall be 3 one year terms, 3 two year terms, and 3 three year terms, all terms to continue until a successor is appointed and qualified. The length of the terms of the original members shall be drawn by lot of the first meeting held by the Commission. The members first appointed under this amendatory Act of 1984 shall serve for a term of 3 years. Thereafter all terms shall be for 3 years, with each member serving no more than 2 consecutive terms. Vacancies in the membership are to be filled in the same manner as original appointments. Appointments to fill vacancies occurring before the expiration of a term are for the remainder of the unexpired term. A member of the Commission shall serve for a term ending on June 30 and until his successor is appointed and qualified.
    (c) The Commission shall annually elect a Chairman and any other officers it deems necessary. The Commission shall meet at least once every 3 months with the times and places of meetings determined by the Chairman. Additional meetings may be called by the Chairman upon written notice 7 days before the meeting or by written petition of 5 members to the Chairman. Six members of the Commission constitute a quorum.
    (d) Members of the Commission are not entitled to compensation but shall receive reimbursement for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.
(Source: P.A. 83-1538.)

20 ILCS 3955/5

    (20 ILCS 3955/5) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 705)
    Sec. 5. (a) The Commission shall establish throughout the State such regions as it considers appropriate to effectuate the purposes of the Authority under this Act, taking into account the requirements of State and federal statutes; population; civic, health and social service boundaries; and other pertinent factors.
    (b) The Commission shall act through its divisions as provided in this Act.
    (c) The Commission shall establish general policy guidelines for the operation of the Legal Advocacy Service, Human Rights Authority and State Guardian in furtherance of this Act. Any action taken by a regional authority is subject to the review and approval of the Commission. The Commission, acting on a request from the Director, may disapprove any action of a regional authority, in which case the regional authority shall cease such action.
    (d) The Commission shall hire a Director and staff to carry out the powers and duties of the Commission and its divisions pursuant to this Act and the rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission. All staff other than the Director shall be subject to the Personnel Code.
    (e) The Commission shall review and evaluate the operations of the divisions.
    (f) The Commission shall operate subject to the provisions of the Illinois Procurement Code.
    (g) The Commission shall prepare its budget.
    (h) The Commission shall prepare an annual report on its operations and submit the report to the Governor and the General Assembly.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report with the Speaker, the Minority Leader and the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the President, the Minority Leader and the Secretary of the Senate and the Legislative Research Unit, as required by Section 3.1 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to the General Assembly", approved February 25, 1874, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
    (i) The Commission shall establish rules and regulations for the conduct of the work of its divisions, including rules and regulations for the Legal Advocacy Service and the State Guardian in evaluating an eligible person's or ward's financial resources for the purpose of determining whether the eligible person or ward has the ability to pay for legal or guardianship services received. The determination of the eligible person's financial ability to pay for legal services shall be based upon the number of dependents in the eligible person's family unit and the income, liquid assets and necessary expenses, as prescribed by rule of the Commission of: (1) the eligible person; (2) the eligible person's spouse; and (3) the parents of minor eligible persons. The determination of a ward's ability to pay for guardianship services shall be based upon the ward's estate. An eligible person or ward found to have sufficient financial resources shall be required to pay the Commission in accordance with standards established by the Commission. No fees may be charged for legal services given unless the eligible person is given notice at the start of such services that such fees might be charged. No fees may be charged for guardianship services given unless the ward is given notice of the request for fees filed with the probate court and the court approves the amount of fees to be assessed. All fees collected shall be deposited with the State Treasurer and placed in the Guardianship and Advocacy Fund. The Commission shall establish rules and regulations regarding the procedures of appeal for clients prior to termination or suspension of legal services. Such rules and regulations shall include, but not be limited to, client notification procedures prior to the actual termination, the scope of issues subject to appeal, and procedures specifying when a final administrative decision is made.
    (j) The Commission shall take such actions as it deems necessary and appropriate to receive private, federal and other public funds to help support the divisions and to safeguard the rights of eligible persons. Private funds and property may be accepted, held, maintained, administered and disposed of by the Commission, as trustee, for such purposes for the benefit of the People of the State of Illinois pursuant to the terms of the instrument granting the funds or property to the Commission.
    (k) The Commission may expend funds under the State's plan to protect and advocate the rights of persons with a developmental disability established under the federal Developmental Disabilities Services and Facilities Construction Act (Public Law 94-103, Title II). If the Governor designates the Commission to be the organization or agency to provide the services called for in the State plan, the Commission shall make these protection and advocacy services available to persons with a developmental disability by referral or by contracting for these services to the extent practicable. If the Commission is unable to so make available such protection and advocacy services, it shall provide them through persons in its own employ.
    (l) The Commission shall, to the extent funds are available, monitor issues concerning the rights of eligible persons and the care and treatment provided to those persons, including but not limited to the incidence of abuse or neglect of eligible persons. For purposes of that monitoring the Commission shall have access to reports of suspected abuse or neglect and information regarding the disposition of such reports, subject to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/6

    (20 ILCS 3955/6) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 706)
    Sec. 6. (a) The Commission may recommend to any State agency or service provider regulations or procedures for the purpose of safeguarding the rights of eligible persons. The State agency or service provider shall notify the Commission, within 60 days of the receipt of the recommendations, of the action taken thereon and the reason therefor. The Commission shall not make recommendations which interfere with the proper practice of medical or other professions.
    (b) The Commission may recommend to the General Assembly legislation for the purpose of safeguarding the rights of eligible persons.
    (c) The Commission may take any other action as may be reasonable to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/7

    (20 ILCS 3955/7) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 707)
    Sec. 7. The Director shall carry out the policies and programs of the Commission and coordinate the activities of its divisions and may delegate to the Human Rights Authority Director any duties described in Sections 14, 15, and 16 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/8

    (20 ILCS 3955/8) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 708)
    Sec. 8. The Director shall:
    (1) Organize and administer programs to provide legal counsel and representation for eligible persons so as to ensure that their legal rights are protected;
    (2) Examine and delineate the needs of eligible persons for legal counsel and representation and the resources necessary to meet those needs, subject to the approval of the Commission; and
    (3) Institute or cause to be instituted such legal proceedings as may be necessary to enforce and give effect to any of the duties or powers of the Commission or its divisions.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/10

    (20 ILCS 3955/10) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 710)
    Sec. 10. The Legal Advocacy Service shall:
    (1) Make available legal counsel to eligible persons in judicial proceedings arising out of the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code", enacted by the Eightieth General Assembly, as now or hereafter amended, including but not limited to admission, civil commitment, legal competency and discharge;
    (2) Make available or provide legal counsel and representation to eligible persons to enforce rights or duties arising out of any mental health or related laws, local, State or federal.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/11

    (20 ILCS 3955/11) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 711)
    Sec. 11. The Legal Advocacy Service shall make available counsel for eligible persons by referral or by contracting for legal services to the extent practicable. The Legal Advocacy Service shall make a good faith effort to assist eligible persons to engage private counsel, and to contact private counsel for eligible persons whose disabilities limit their capacity to independently contact private counsel. If the Legal Advocacy Service is unable to so make available counsel, it shall provide attorneys in its own employ. Taking into consideration the availability of private counsel in the eligible person's local area, the Commission shall establish, by rule, the standards and procedures by which it will attempt to assist eligible persons to engage private counsel.
(Source: P.A. 84-1358.)

20 ILCS 3955/12

    (20 ILCS 3955/12) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 712)
    Sec. 12. A Legal Advocacy Service attorney shall:
    (1) have ready access to view and copy all mental health records pertaining to his client, as provided in the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act", enacted by the Eightieth General Assembly, as now or hereafter amended, and such other records to which he is permitted access; and
    (2) have the opportunity to consult with his client whenever necessary for the performance of his duties. Service providers shall provide adequate space and privacy for the purpose of attorney-client consultation. No attorney shall have the right to visit eligible persons or look at their records for the purpose of soliciting cases for representation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/13

    (20 ILCS 3955/13) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 713)
    Sec. 13. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit an eligible person from being represented by privately retained counsel or from waiving his right to an attorney in proceedings under the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code", approved by the Eightieth General Assembly, as now or hereafter amended, or as otherwise provided by law. If a Legal Advocacy Service attorney has been appointed by a court and the eligible person secures his own counsel, the court shall discharge the Legal Advocacy Service attorney.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/14

    (20 ILCS 3955/14) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 714)
    Sec. 14. Each regional authority shall consist of the 9 members appointed by the Director, in accordance with this Section. Each regional authority shall include insofar as possible one professionally knowledgeable and broadly experienced employee or officer of a provider of each of the following services: mental health, developmental disabilities, and vocational rehabilitation. No other employee or officer of a service provider shall be appointed to a regional authority. In making appointments, the Director shall strive to ensure representation of minority groups and of eligible persons, and shall give due consideration to recommendations of persons and groups assisting eligible persons. The Director may remove for incompetence, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office any member of a regional authority. All actions taken by the Director to appoint or remove members shall be reported to the Commission at the next scheduled Commission meeting.
    Each regional authority shall annually elect a chairman and any other officers it deems necessary. Members of the regional authorities shall serve for a term of 3 years, except that the terms of the first appointees shall be as follows: 3 members serving for a 1 year term; 3 members serving for a 2 year term; and 3 members serving for a 3 year term. Assignment of terms of such first appointees shall be by lot. No member shall serve for more than 2 consecutive 3 year terms. Five members shall constitute a quorum.
    Vacancies in the regional authorities shall be filled in the same manner as original appointments.
    Members of the regional authorities shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.
    Each regional authority shall meet not less than once every 2 months. Meetings may also be held upon call of the Regional Chairman or upon written request of any 5 members of the regional authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/15

    (20 ILCS 3955/15) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 715)
    Sec. 15. A regional authority which receives a complaint alleging that the rights of an eligible person have been violated in the region in which the authority sits, shall conduct an investigation unless it determines that the complaint is frivolous or beyond the scope of its authority or competence, or unless the Director finds that a conflict of interest exists and directs another regional authority to conduct the investigation. The authority shall inform the complainant whether it will conduct an investigation, and if not, the reason therefor. The authority may advise a complainant as to other remedies which may be available. Reassignments of investigations for conflicts of interest and refusals to investigate shall be reviewed and approved by the Director and the Director may seek direction from the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/16

    (20 ILCS 3955/16) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 716)
    Sec. 16. A regional authority may conduct investigations upon its own initiative if it has reason to believe that the rights of an eligible person have been violated in the region in which the authority sits, unless the Director finds that a conflict of interest exists and directs another regional authority to conduct the investigation.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/17

    (20 ILCS 3955/17) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 717)
    Sec. 17. In the course of an investigation, a regional authority may enter and inspect the premises of a service provider or State agency and question privately any person therein within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner. Whenever possible, prior notice shall be given the parties regarding the nature, location, and persons involved in a particular investigation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/18

    (20 ILCS 3955/18) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 718)
    Sec. 18. In the course of an investigation, a regional authority may inspect and copy any materials relevant to the investigation in the possession of a service provider or state agency. However, a regional authority may not inspect or copy materials containing personally identifiable data which can not be removed without imposing an unreasonable burden on the service provider or State agency, except as provided herein. The regional authority shall give written notice to the person entitled to give consent for the identifiable eligible person under Section 5 of the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act", enacted by the Eightieth General Assembly, as now or hereafter amended, or under any other relevant law, that it is conducting an investigation and indicating the nature and purpose of the investigation and the need to inspect and copy materials containing data that identifies the eligible person. If the person notified objects in writing to such inspection and copying, the regional authority may not inspect or copy such materials. The service provider or State agency may not object on behalf of an eligible person.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/19

    (20 ILCS 3955/19) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 719)
    Sec. 19. No regional authority may disclose to any person any materials which identify an eligible person unless the eligible person or legally authorized person consents to such disclosure, except if and to the extent that disclosure may be necessary for the appointment of a guardian for such eligible person.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/20

    (20 ILCS 3955/20) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 720)
    Sec. 20. A regional authority may conduct hearings and compel by subpoena the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and the production of such materials as are necessary or desirable for its investigation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/21

    (20 ILCS 3955/21) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 721)
    Sec. 21. A regional authority may, subject to the provisions of the Open Meetings Act, conduct closed meetings and hearings when necessary to ensure confidentiality or to protect the rights of any eligible person or provider of services or other person. However, it shall make public a summary of business conducted during any such meeting or hearing. Such summary shall not contain personally identifiable data.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/22

    (20 ILCS 3955/22) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 722)
    Sec. 22. During the course of an investigation, the regional authority shall periodically inform the complainant, or provider and any eligible person involved of the status of the investigation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/23

    (20 ILCS 3955/23) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 723)
    Sec. 23. If a regional authority finds that:
    A. a matter should be further considered;
    B. an act investigated should be modified or cancelled;
    C. a statute or regulation should be altered;
    D. reasons should be given for an act; or
    E. any other action should be taken;
it shall report its recommendations to the State agency, service provider or other person investigated. Such person investigated shall notify the regional authority, within 30 days of the receipt of such recommendations, of the action taken thereon and the reason therefor.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/24

    (20 ILCS 3955/24) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 724)
    Sec. 24. If a regional authority determines that further action is required, it may refer a matter to the Commission or another division thereof, any federal, State or local agency or other persons, as it may deem appropriate and as approved by the Director.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/25

    (20 ILCS 3955/25) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 725)
    Sec. 25. Within 10 days of the completion of its investigation, the regional authority shall inform the complainant and the eligible person involved of the outcome of its investigation and of any action taken thereon.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/26

    (20 ILCS 3955/26) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 726)
    Sec. 26. Subject to the provisions of Section 19, a regional authority may make public its findings and recommendations. It shall include in any such public statement any reply made by the State agency, service provider, or other person investigated. The provider or person shall have opportunity to review and object to any proposed public findings and recommendations. If the provider requests, the objections shall be included with public findings and recommendations issued by the regional authority in this matter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/27

    (20 ILCS 3955/27) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 727)
    Sec. 27. A regional authority may, by acting through the Director, propose to the Commission legislation for the purpose of safeguarding the rights of eligible persons.
(Source: P.A. 96-271, eff. 1-1-10.)

20 ILCS 3955/28

    (20 ILCS 3955/28) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 728)
    Sec. 28. A regional authority may take such other action as may be reasonable and appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/29

    (20 ILCS 3955/29) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 729)
    Sec. 29. The procedures provided by Sections 15 through 28 are in addition to any other remedies which may be available to any party; and the failure to pursue or exhaust the procedures available herein or engage in the procedures available hereby shall not preclude the invocation of any remedy.
(Source: P.A. 80-1487.)

20 ILCS 3955/30

    (20 ILCS 3955/30) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 730)
    Sec. 30. When appointed by the court pursuant to the "Probate Act of 1975", approved August 7, 1975, as now or hereafter amended, the State Guardian shall serve as guardian, either plenary or limited; temporary guardian; testamentary guardian; or successor guardian; of the person or the estate, or both, of a ward. If nomination is testamentary the State Guardian shall be notified in writing at the time of the death of the testator. The Office of State Guardian may file a petition for its own appointment, or for the appointment of any other person, if the State Guardian determines that the filing of the petition may avoid the need for State guardianship. In addition, the State Guardian may assist the court, as the court may request, in proceedings for the appointment of a guardian and in the supervision of persons and agencies which have been appointed as guardians.
(Source: P.A. 89-396, eff. 8-20-95.)

20 ILCS 3955/31

    (20 ILCS 3955/31) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 731)
    Sec. 31. Appointment; availability of State Guardian; available private guardian. The State Guardian shall not be appointed if another suitable person is available and willing to accept the guardianship appointment. In all cases where a court appoints the State Guardian, the court shall indicate in the order appointing the guardian as a finding of fact that no other suitable and willing person could be found to accept the guardianship appointment. On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, the court shall also indicate in the order, as a finding of fact, the reasons that the State Guardian appointment, rather than the appointment of another interested party, is required. This requirement shall be waived where the Office of State Guardian petitions for its own appointment as guardian.
(Source: P.A. 97-1093, eff. 1-1-13.)

20 ILCS 3955/32

    (20 ILCS 3955/32) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 732)
    Sec. 32. The State Guardian shall have the same powers and duties as a private guardian as provided in Article XIa of the Probate Act of 1975, approved August 7, 1975. The State Guardian shall not provide direct residential services to its wards. The State Guardian shall visit and consult with its wards at least four times a year for as long as the guardianship continues.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/33

    (20 ILCS 3955/33) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 733)
    Sec. 33. The State Guardian may offer guidance and advice, without court appointment as guardian, to persons who request such assistance or to those on whose behalf such assistance is requested for the purpose of encouraging maximum self-reliance and independence of such persons and avoiding the need for appointment of a guardian.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/34

    (20 ILCS 3955/34) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 734)
    Sec. 34. A person, who in good faith, files a complaint or provides information to the Commission or any division thereof, including private citizens and employees of service providers, shall not be subject to any penalties, sanctions, or restrictions as a consequence of filing the complaint or providing the information.
(Source: P.A. 80-1416.)

20 ILCS 3955/35

    (20 ILCS 3955/35) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 735)
    Sec. 35. The annual appropriation for the Commission shall not exceed 1% of the total annual appropriation from the General Revenue Fund to the Department of Human Services for its ordinary and contingent expenses relating to mental health and developmental disabilities.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

20 ILCS 3955/36

    (20 ILCS 3955/36) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 736)
    Sec. 36. Rules and regulations adopted by the Commission pursuant to authority granted under this Act shall be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-1358.)