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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

EXECUTIVE BRANCH
(20 ILCS 3440/) Human Skeletal Remains Protection Act.

20 ILCS 3440/0.01

    (20 ILCS 3440/0.01) (from Ch. 127, par. 2660)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Human Skeletal Remains Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

20 ILCS 3440/1

    (20 ILCS 3440/1) (from Ch. 127, par. 2661)
    Sec. 1. Definitions. For the purposes of this Act:
    (a) "Human skeletal remains" include the bones and decomposed fleshy parts of a deceased human body.
    (b) "Unregistered graves" are any graves or locations where a human body has been buried or deposited; is over 100 years old; and is not in a cemetery registered with or licensed by the State Comptroller under the Cemetery Care Act or under the authority of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation pursuant to the Cemetery Oversight Act, whichever is applicable.
    (c) "Grave artifacts" are any item of human manufacture or use that is associated with the human skeletal remains in an unregistered grave.
    (d) "Grave markers" are any tomb, monument, stone, ornament, mound, or other item of human manufacture that is associated with an unregistered grave.
    (e) "Person" means any natural individual, firm, trust, estate, partnership, association, joint stock company, joint venture, corporation or a receiver, trustee, guardian or other representatives appointed by order of any court, the Federal and State governments, including State Universities created by statute or any city, town, county or other political subdivision of this State.
    (f) "Disturb" includes excavating, removing, exposing, defacing, mutilating, destroying, molesting, or desecrating in any way human skeletal remains, unregistered graves, and grave markers.
(Source: P.A. 96-863, eff. 3-1-10; 97-679, eff. 2-6-12.)

20 ILCS 3440/2

    (20 ILCS 3440/2) (from Ch. 127, par. 2662)
    Sec. 2. Legislative finding and intentions. The General Assembly finds that existing laws do not provide equal or adequate protection for all human graves. There is a real and growing threat to the safety and sanctity of unregistered and unmarked graves. Numerous incidents in Illinois have resulted in the desecration of human remains and vandalism to grave markers. Similar incidents have occurred in neighboring states and as a result those states have increased their criminal penalties for such conduct. There is a strong likelihood that persons engaged for personal or financial gain in the mining of prehistoric and historic Indian, pioneer, and Civil War veteran's graves will move their operations to Illinois to avoid the increased penalties being imposed in neighboring states. There is an immediate need for legislation to protect the graves of these earlier Illinoisans from such desecration. The General Assembly intends to assure with this Act that all human burials be accorded equal treatment and respect for human dignity without reference to ethnic origins, cultural backgrounds or religious affiliations.
    The General Assembly also finds that those persons engaged in the scientific study or collecting of artifacts which have not been acquired in violation of law are engaged in legitimate and worthy scientific, educational and recreational activities. This Act is not intended to interfere with the continued legitimate collecting activities or studies of such persons; nor is it intended to interfere with the normal enjoyment of private property owners, farmers, or those engaged in the development, mining or improvement of real property.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

20 ILCS 3440/3

    (20 ILCS 3440/3) (from Ch. 127, par. 2663)
    Sec. 3. Any person who discovers human skeletal remains subject to this Act shall promptly notify the coroner. Any person who knowingly fails to report such a discovery within 48 hours is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor, unless such person has reasonable cause to believe that the coroner had already been so notified. If the human skeletal remains appear to be from an unregistered grave, the coroner shall promptly notify the Historic Preservation Agency prior to their removal. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to apply to human skeletal remains subject to "An Act to revise the law in relation to coroners".
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/4

    (20 ILCS 3440/4) (from Ch. 127, par. 2664)
    Sec. 4. It is unlawful for any person, either by himself or through an agent, to knowingly disturb human skeletal remains and grave artifacts in unregistered graves protected by this Act unless such person obtains a permit issued by the Historic Preservation Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/4.5

    (20 ILCS 3440/4.5)
    Sec. 4.5. O'Hare Modernization. Nothing in this Act limits the authority of the City of Chicago to exercise its powers under the O'Hare Modernization Act or requires that City, or any person acting on behalf of that City, to obtain a permit under this Act when acquiring property or otherwise exercising its powers under the O'Hare Modernization Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-450, eff. 8-6-03.)

20 ILCS 3440/4.75

    (20 ILCS 3440/4.75)
    Sec. 4.75. South Suburban Airport. The Illinois Department of Transportation, and any person acting on its behalf under a public-private agreement entered into in accordance with the Public-Private Agreements for the South Suburban Airport Act, is exempt from the permit requirements of this Act, provided that the Illinois Department of Transportation, or any such person, takes reasonable steps to comply with the provisions of this Act so long as compliance does not interfere with the design, development, operation, or maintenance of the South Suburban Airport or the exercise of their powers under the Public-Private Agreements for the South Suburban Airport Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-109, eff. 7-25-13.)

20 ILCS 3440/5

    (20 ILCS 3440/5) (from Ch. 127, par. 2665)
    Sec. 5. It is unlawful for any person, either by himself or through an agent, to knowingly disturb a grave marker protected by this Act unless such person obtains a permit issued by the Historic Preservation Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/6

    (20 ILCS 3440/6) (from Ch. 127, par. 2666)
    Sec. 6. It is unlawful for any person, either by himself or through an agent, to offer any human skeletal remains, grave artifacts or grave markers for sale or exchange with the knowledge that they have been collected or excavated in violation of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/7

    (20 ILCS 3440/7) (from Ch. 127, par. 2667)
    Sec. 7. It is unlawful for any person, either by himself or through an agent, to knowingly allow the disturbance of human skeletal remains, unregistered graves, or grave markers on property controlled by that person unless such disturbance is authorized by a permit issued by the Historic Preservation Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/8

    (20 ILCS 3440/8) (from Ch. 127, par. 2668)
    Sec. 8. The State's Attorney of the county in which a violation of Sections 4, 5, 6 or 7 of this Act is alleged to have occurred, or the Attorney General, may be requested by the Director of the Historic Preservation Agency to initiate criminal prosecutions or to seek civil damages, injunctive relief and any other appropriate relief. The Historic Preservation Agency shall co-operate with the State's Attorney or the Attorney General. Persons aware of any violations of this Act shall contact the Historic Preservation Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/9

    (20 ILCS 3440/9) (from Ch. 127, par. 2669)
    Sec. 9. The Historic Preservation Agency is authorized to offer a reward of up to $2000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of persons who violate Sections 4, 5, 6 and 7 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/10

    (20 ILCS 3440/10) (from Ch. 127, par. 2670)
    Sec. 10. Any violation of Sections 4, 6 or 7 of this Act is a Class A misdemeanor and the violator shall be subject to imprisonment for not more than 1 year and a fine not in excess of $10,000; any subsequent violation is a Class 4 felony. Each disturbance of an unregistered grave constitutes a separate offense.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/11

    (20 ILCS 3440/11) (from Ch. 127, par. 2671)
    Sec. 11. Any violation of Section 5 of this Act is a Class B misdemeanor and the violator shall be subject to imprisonment for not more than 6 months and a fine not in excess of $500; any subsequent violation is a Class A misdemeanor. Each disturbance of a grave marker constitutes a separate offense.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/12

    (20 ILCS 3440/12) (from Ch. 127, par. 2672)
    Sec. 12. Persons convicted of a violation of Section 4 or 5 of this Act shall also be liable for civil damages to be assessed by the Historic Preservation Agency. Civil damages may include:
    (a) forfeiture of any and all equipment used in disturbing the protected unregistered graves or grave markers;
    (b) any and all costs incurred in cleaning, restoring, analyzing, accessioning and curating the recovered materials;
    (c) any and all costs associated with restoring the land to its original contour or the grave marker to its original condition;
    (d) any and all costs associated with recovery of data, and analyzing, publishing, accessioning and curating materials when the prohibited activity is so extensive as to preclude the restoration of the unregistered burials or grave markers;
    (e) any and all costs associated with the reinterment of the human skeletal remains;
    (f) any and all costs associated with the determination and collection of the civil damages.
    When civil damages are recovered through the Attorney General, the proceeds shall be deposited into the Historic Sites Fund; when civil damages are recovered through the State's Attorney, the proceeds shall be deposited into the county funds designated by the county board.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/13

    (20 ILCS 3440/13) (from Ch. 127, par. 2673)
    Sec. 13. (a) The Historic Preservation Agency shall develop regulations, in consultation with the Illinois State Museum, whereby permits may be issued for the removal of human skeletal remains and grave artifacts from unregistered graves or the removal of grave markers.
    (b) Each permit shall specify all terms and conditions under which the removal of human skeletal remains, grave artifacts, or grave markers shall be carried out. All costs accrued in the removal of the aforementioned materials shall be borne by the permit applicant. Upon completion of the project, the permit holder shall submit a report of the results to the Historic Preservation Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/14

    (20 ILCS 3440/14) (from Ch. 127, par. 2674)
    Sec. 14. All human skeletal remains and grave artifacts in unregistered graves are held in trust for the people of Illinois by the State and are under the jurisdiction of the Historic Preservation Agency. All materials collected under this Act shall be maintained, with dignity and respect, for the people of the State under the care of the Illinois State Museum.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/15

    (20 ILCS 3440/15) (from Ch. 127, par. 2675)
    Sec. 15. The Historic Preservation Agency shall promulgate such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)

20 ILCS 3440/16

    (20 ILCS 3440/16) (from Ch. 127, par. 2676)
    Sec. 16. Activities reviewed by the Historic Preservation Agency pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470f) and activities permitted pursuant to the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-87), or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder or any law, rule or regulation adopted by the State of Illinois thereunder shall be exempt from these permitting requirements.
(Source: P.A. 86-151.)