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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

PROPERTY
(765 ILCS 122/) Uniform Environmental Covenants Act.

765 ILCS 122/1

    (765 ILCS 122/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Uniform Environmental Covenants Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/2

    (765 ILCS 122/2)
    Sec. 2. Definitions. In this Act:
    "Activity and use limitations" means restrictions or obligations created under this Act with respect to real property.
    "Agency" means the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency or any other State or federal agency that determines or approves the environmental response project pursuant to which the environmental covenant is created.
    "Board" means the Pollution Control Board established by the Environmental Protection Act.
    "Common interest community" means a condominium, cooperative, or other real property with respect to which a person, by virtue of the person's ownership of a parcel of real property, is obligated to pay property taxes or insurance premiums, or for maintenance, or improvement of other real property described in a recorded covenant that creates the common interest community.
    "Environmental covenant" means a servitude that (i) arises under an environmental response project or under a court or Board order and (ii) imposes activity and use limitations.
    "Environmental response project" means a plan or work that is:
        (1) approved or overseen by an agency; and
        (2) performed for environmental remediation of any
    
site or facility in response to contamination at any one or more of the following sites or facilities:
            (A) sites or facilities that are listed as
        
proposed or final on the National Priorities List pursuant to Section 105 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.);
            (B) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to an administrative order issued pursuant to Section 106 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.);
            (C) sites or facilities that are or were formerly
        
owned or operated by a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States that are undergoing remediation pursuant to Section 120 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.);
            (D) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to a settlement agreement pursuant to Section 122 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.);
            (E) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to Section 3008(h) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.);
            (F) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to Section 7003 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.);
            (G) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to a court or Board order issued pursuant to the Illinois Environmental Protection Act (415 ILCS 5/1 et seq.) with the approval of the Agency; or
            (H) sites or facilities undergoing remediation
        
pursuant to a Compliance Commitment Agreement entered into under Section 31 of the Environmental Protection Act.
    "Holder" means the grantee of an environmental covenant as specified in Section 3(a).
    "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
    "Prior interest" means a preceding or senior interest, in time or in right, that is recorded with respect to the real property, including but not limited to a mortgage, easement, or other interest, lien, or encumbrance predating the recording of an environmental covenant.
    "Record", used as a noun, means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
    "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(Source: P.A. 99-396, eff. 8-18-15.)

765 ILCS 122/3

    (765 ILCS 122/3)
    Sec. 3. Nature of rights; subordination of interests.
    (a) An owner or owners of real property may voluntarily enter into an environmental covenant, as a grantor of an interest in the real property, with an agency and, if appropriate, one or more holders. No owner, agency, or other person shall be required to enter into an environmental covenant as part of an environmental response project; provided, however, that (i) failure to enter into an environmental covenant may result in disapproval of the environmental response project; and (ii) once the owner, agency, or other person assumes obligations in an environmental covenant they must comply with those obligations of the environmental covenant in accordance with this Act.
    (b) Any person, including a person that owns an interest in the real property, the agency, or a municipality or other unit of local government, may be a holder. An environmental covenant may identify more than one holder. The interest of a holder is an interest in real property.
    (c) A right of an agency under this Act or under an environmental covenant, other than a right as a holder, is not an interest in real property.
    (d) An agency is bound by any obligation it assumes in an environmental covenant, but an agency does not assume obligations merely by signing an environmental covenant. Any other person that signs an environmental covenant is bound by the obligations the person assumes in the covenant, but signing the covenant does not change obligations, rights, or protections granted or imposed under law other than this Act except as provided in the covenant.
    (e) The following rules apply to interests in real property in existence at the time an environmental covenant is created or amended:
        (1) An interest that has priority under other law is
    
not affected by an environmental covenant unless the person that owns the interest subordinates that interest to the covenant.
        (2) This Act does not require a person that owns a
    
prior interest to subordinate that interest to an environmental covenant or to agree to be bound by the covenant.
        (3) A subordination agreement may be contained in an
    
environmental covenant covering real property or in a separate record. If the environmental covenant covers commonly owned property in a common interest community, the record may be signed by any person authorized by the governing board of the owners association.
        (4) An agreement by a person to subordinate a prior
    
interest to an environmental covenant affects the priority of that person's interest but does not by itself impose any affirmative obligation on the person with respect to the environmental covenant.
    (f) Environmental covenants established under this Act shall be subject to eminent domain or condemnation proceedings by any agency of the State having a general grant of authority to acquire property by the exercise of the right of eminent domain under the laws of this State. No environmental covenant established under this Act shall be terminated or modified unless:
        (1) The agency that signed the covenant is a party to
    
the proceeding;
        (2) All persons identified in Section 10(a) and (b)
    
are given notice of the pendency of the proceeding; and
        (3) The agency of the State exercising the right of
    
eminent domain or condemnation determines, after hearing, that the termination or modification will not adversely affect human health or the environment.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/4

    (765 ILCS 122/4)
    Sec. 4. Contents of environmental covenant.
    (a) An environmental covenant must:
        (1) State that the instrument is an environmental
    
covenant executed pursuant to this Act.
        (2) Contain a legally sufficient description of the
    
real property subject to the covenant.
        (3) Describe the activity and use limitations on the
    
real property.
        (4) Identify every holder.
        (5) Be signed by the agency, every holder, and unless
    
waived by the agency every owner of the fee simple of the real property subject to the covenant.
        (6) Identify the name and location of any
    
administrative record for the environmental response project reflected in the environmental covenant.
    (b) In addition to the information required by subsection (a), an environmental covenant may contain other information, restrictions, and requirements agreed to by the persons who signed it, including any:
        (1) Requirements for notice following transfer of a
    
specified interest in, or concerning proposed changes in use of, applications for building permits for, or proposals for any site work affecting the contamination on, the property subject to the covenant.
        (2) Requirements for periodic reporting describing
    
compliance with the covenant.
        (3) Rights of access to the property granted in
    
connection with implementation or enforcement of the covenant.
        (4) A brief narrative description of the
    
contamination and remedy, including the contaminants of concern, the pathways of exposure, limits on exposure, and the location and extent of the contamination.
        (5) Limitation on amendment or termination of the
    
covenant in addition to those contained in Sections 9 and 10.
        (6) Rights of the holder in addition to its right to
    
enforce the covenant pursuant to Section 11.
    (c) In addition to other conditions for its approval of an environmental covenant, the agency may require those persons specified by the agency who have interests in the real property to sign the covenant.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/5

    (765 ILCS 122/5)
    Sec. 5. Validity; effect on other instruments.
    (a) An environmental covenant that complies with this Act runs with the land.
    (b) An environmental covenant that is otherwise effective is valid and enforceable even if:
        (1) It is not appurtenant to an interest in real
    
property.
        (2) It can be or has been assigned to a person other
    
than the original holder.
        (3) It is not of a character that has been recognized
    
traditionally at common law.
        (4) It imposes a negative burden.
        (5) It imposes an affirmative obligation on a person
    
having an interest in the real property or on the holder.
        (6) The benefit or burden does not touch or concern
    
real property.
        (7) There is no privity of estate or contract.
        (8) The holder dies, ceases to exist, resigns, or is
    
replaced.
        (9) The owner of an interest subject to the
    
environmental covenant and the holder are the same person.
    (c) An instrument that creates restrictions or obligations with respect to real property that would qualify as activity and use limitations except for the fact that the instrument was recorded before the effective date of this Act is not invalid or unenforceable because of any of the limitations on enforcement of interests described in subsection (b) or because it was identified as an easement, servitude, deed restriction, or other interest. This Act does not apply in any other respect to such an instrument.
    (d) This Act does not invalidate or render unenforceable any interest, whether designated as an environmental covenant or other interest, that is otherwise enforceable under the law of this State, including but not limited to interests compliant with 35 Ill. Adm. Code 742, Subpart J.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/6

    (765 ILCS 122/6)
    Sec. 6. Relationship to other land-use law. This Act does not authorize a use of real property that is otherwise prohibited by zoning, by law other than this Act regulating use of real property, or by a recorded instrument that has priority over the environmental covenant. An environmental covenant may prohibit or restrict uses of real property which are authorized by zoning or by law other than this Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/7

    (765 ILCS 122/7)
    Sec. 7. Notice.
    (a) A copy of an environmental covenant shall be provided by the persons and in the manner required by the agency to:
        (1) Each person that signed the covenant.
        (2) Each person holding a recorded interest in the
    
real property subject to the covenant.
        (3) Each person in possession of the real property
    
subject to the covenant.
        (4) Each municipality or other unit of local
    
government in which real property subject to the covenant is located.
        (5) Any other person the agency requires.
    (b) The validity of a covenant is not affected by failure to provide a copy of the covenant as required under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/8

    (765 ILCS 122/8)
    Sec. 8. Recording.
    (a) An environmental covenant and any amendment or termination of the covenant must be recorded in every county in which any portion of the real property subject to the covenant is located. For purposes of indexing, a holder shall be treated as a grantee.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in Section 9(c), an environmental covenant is subject to the laws of this State governing recording and priority of interests in real property.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/9

    (765 ILCS 122/9)
    Sec. 9. Duration; amendment by court action.
    (a) An environmental covenant is perpetual unless it is:
        (1) By its terms limited to a specific duration or
    
terminated by the occurrence of a specific event.
        (2) Terminated by consent pursuant to Section 10.
        (3) Terminated pursuant to subsection (b).
        (4) Terminated by foreclosure of an interest that has
    
priority over the environmental covenant.
        (5) Terminated or modified in an eminent domain
    
proceeding, but only if:
            (A) The agency that signed the covenant is a
        
party to the proceeding.
            (B) All persons identified in Section 10(a) and
        
(b) are given notice of the pendency of the proceeding.
            (C) The court determines, after hearing, that the
        
termination or modification will not adversely affect human health or the environment.
    (b) If the agency that signed an environmental covenant has determined that the intended benefits of the covenant can no longer be realized, a court, under the doctrine of changed circumstances, in an action in which all persons identified in Section 10(a) and (b) have been given notice, may terminate the covenant or reduce its burden on the real property subject to the covenant. The agency's determination or its failure to make a determination upon request is subject to review pursuant to the Administrative Review Law.
    (c) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (a) and (b), an environmental covenant may not be extinguished, limited, or impaired through issuance of a tax deed, foreclosure of a tax lien, or application of the doctrine of adverse possession, prescription, abandonment, waiver, lack of enforcement, or acquiescence, or a similar doctrine.
    (d) An environmental covenant may not be extinguished, limited, or impaired by application of any Illinois Law concerning marketable title or dormant mineral interests.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/10

    (765 ILCS 122/10)
    Sec. 10. Amendment or termination by consent.
    (a) An environmental covenant may be amended or terminated by consent only if the amendment or termination is signed by:
        (1) The agency.
        (2) Unless waived by the agency, the current owner of
    
the fee simple of the real property subject to the covenant.
        (3) Each person that originally signed the covenant,
    
unless the person waived in a signed record the right to consent or a court finds that the person no longer exists or cannot be located or identified with the exercise of reasonable diligence.
        (4) Except as otherwise provided in subsection
    
(d)(2), the holder.
    (b) If an interest in real property is subject to an environmental covenant, the interest is not affected by an amendment of the covenant unless the current owner of the interest consents to the amendment or has waived in a signed record the right to consent to amendments.
    (c) Except for an assignment undertaken pursuant to a governmental reorganization, assignment of an environmental covenant to a new holder is an amendment.
    (d) Except as otherwise provided in an environmental covenant:
        (1) A holder may not assign its interest without
    
consent of the other parties.
        (2) A holder may be removed and replaced by agreement
    
of the other parties specified in subsection (a).
        (3) A court of competent jurisdiction may fill a
    
vacancy in the position of holder.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/11

    (765 ILCS 122/11)
    Sec. 11. Enforcement of environmental covenant.
    (a) A civil action for injunctive or other equitable relief for violation of an environmental covenant may be maintained by:
        (1) A party to the covenant.
        (2) The agency or, if it is not the agency, the
    
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
        (3) Any person to whom the covenant expressly grants
    
power to enforce.
        (4) A person whose interest in the real property or
    
whose collateral or liability may be affected by the alleged violation of the covenant.
        (5) A municipality or other unit of local government
    
in which the real property subject to the covenant is located.
        (6) Any agency that is enforcing the terms of any
    
court or Board order.
    (b) This Act does not limit the regulatory authority of the agency or the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency under law other than this Act with respect to an environmental response project.
    (c) A person is not responsible for or subject to liability for environmental remediation solely because it has the right to enforce an environmental covenant.
(Source: P.A. 99-396, eff. 8-18-15.)

765 ILCS 122/12

    (765 ILCS 122/12)
    Sec. 12. Registry; substitute notice.
    (a) The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency shall establish and maintain a registry that contains all environmental covenants and any amendment or termination of those covenants. The registry may also contain any other information concerning environmental covenants and the real property subject to them which the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency considers appropriate. The registry is a public record for purposes of the Freedom of Information Act.
    (b) After an environmental covenant or an amendment or termination of a covenant is filed in the registry established pursuant to subsection (a), a notice of the covenant, amendment, or termination that complies with this Section may be recorded in the land records in lieu of recording the entire covenant. Any such notice must contain:
        (1) A legally sufficient description and any
    
available street address of the real property subject to the covenant.
        (2) The name and address of the owner of the fee
    
simple interest in the real property, the agency, and the holder if other than the agency.
        (3) A statement that the covenant, amendment, or
    
termination is available in a registry at the Environmental Protection Agency at its office in Springfield, which discloses the method of any electronic access.
        (4) A statement that the notice is notification of an
    
environmental covenant executed pursuant to this Act.
    (c) A statement in substantially the following form, executed with the same formalities as a deed in this State, satisfies the requirements of subsection (b):
        (1) This notice is filed in the land records of
    
(insert name of county in which the real property is located) pursuant to Section 12 of the Uniform Environmental Covenants Act.
        (2) This notice and the covenant, amendment or
    
termination to which it refers may impose significant obligations with respect to the property described below.
        (3) A legal description of the property is attached
    
as Exhibit A to this notice. The address of the property that is subject to the environmental covenant is (insert address of property).
        (4) The name and address of the owner of the fee
    
simple interest in the real property on the date of this notice is (insert name of current owner of the property and the owner's current address as shown on the tax records of the jurisdiction in which the property is located).
        (5) The environmental covenant, amendment or
    
termination was signed by (insert name and address of the agency).
        (6) The environmental covenant, amendment, or
    
termination was filed in the registry on (insert date of filing).
        (7) The full text of the covenant, amendment, or
    
termination and any other information required by the agency is on file and available for inspection and copying in the registry maintained for that purpose by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency at (insert address and room of buildings in which the registry is maintained). The covenant, amendment or termination may be found electronically at (insert web address for covenant).
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/13

    (765 ILCS 122/13)
    Sec. 13. Uniformity of application and construction. In applying and construing this uniform Act, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/14

    (765 ILCS 122/14)
    Sec. 14. Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. This Act modifies, limits, or supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (15 U.S.C. Section 7001 et seq.) but does not modify, limit, or supersede Section 101 of that Act (15 U.S.C. Section 7001(a)) or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in Section 103 of that Act (15 U.S.C. Section 7003(b)).
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)

765 ILCS 122/15

    (765 ILCS 122/15)
    Sec. 15. Severability. If any provision of this Act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this Act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
(Source: P.A. 95-845, eff. 1-1-09.)