(410 ILCS 43/5)
Findings; intent; establishment of program.
(a) The General Assembly finds all of the following:
(1) Lead-based paint poisoning is a potentially
devastating, but preventable disease. It is one of the top environmental threats to children's health in the United States.
(2) The number of lead-poisoned children in Illinois
is among the highest in the nation, especially in older, more affordable properties.
(3) Lead poisoning causes irreversible damage to the
development of a child's nervous system. Even at low and moderate levels, lead poisoning causes learning disabilities, problems with speech, shortened attention span, hyperactivity, and behavioral problems. Recent research links low levels of lead exposure to lower IQ scores and to juvenile delinquency.
(4) Older housing is the number one risk factor for
childhood lead poisoning. Properties built before 1950 are statistically much more likely to contain lead-based paint hazards than buildings constructed more recently.
(5) While the use of lead-based paint in residential
properties was banned in 1978, the State of Illinois ranks seventh nationally in the number of housing units built before 1978 and has the highest risk for lead hazards.
(6) There are nearly 1.4 million households with
lead-based paint hazards in Illinois.
(7) Most children are lead poisoned in their own
homes through exposure to lead dust from deteriorated lead paint surfaces, like windows, and when lead paint deteriorates or is disturbed through home renovation and repainting.
(8) Children at the highest risk for lead poisoning
live in low-income communities and in older housing throughout the State of Illinois.
(9) The control of lead hazards significantly reduces
(10) Windows are considered a higher lead exposure
risk more often than other components in a housing unit. Windows are a major contributor of lead dust in the home, due to both weathering conditions and friction effects on paint.
(11) The Comprehensive Lead Education, Reduction, and
Window Replacement (CLEAR-WIN) Program was established under Public Act 95-492 as a pilot program to reduce potential lead hazards by replacing windows in low-income, pre-1978 homes. It also provided for on-the-job training for community members in 2 pilot communities in Chicago and Peoria County.
(12) The CLEAR-WIN Program provided for installation
of 8,000 windows in 466 housing units between 2010 and 2014. Evaluations of the pilot program determined window replacement was effective in lowering lead hazards and produced energy, environmental, health, and market benefits. Return on investment was almost $2 for every dollar spent.
(13) There is an insufficient pool of licensed lead
abatement workers and contractors to address the problem in some areas of the State.
(14) Through grants from the U.S. Department of
Housing and Urban Development and State dollars, some communities in Illinois have begun to reduce lead poisoning of children. While this is an ongoing effort, it only addresses a small number of the low-income children statewide in communities with high levels of lead paint in the housing stock.
(b) It is the intent of the General Assembly to:
(1) address the problem of lead poisoning of children
by eliminating lead hazards in homes;
(2) provide training within communities to encourage
the use of lead paint safe work practices;
(3) create job opportunities for community members in
the lead abatement industry;
(4) support the efforts of small business and
property owners committed to maintaining lead-safe housing; and
(5) assist in the maintenance of affordable lead-safe
(c) The General Assembly hereby establishes the Comprehensive Lead Education, Reduction, and Window Replacement Program to assist residential property owners through a Lead Direct Assistance Program to reduce lead hazards in
(d) The Department of Public Health is authorized to:
(1) adopt rules necessary to implement this Act;
(2) adopt by reference the Illinois Administrative
Procedure Act for administration of this Act;
(3) assess administrative fines and penalties, as
established by the Department by rule, for persons violating rules adopted by the Department under this Act;
(4) make referrals for prosecution to the Attorney
General or the State's Attorney for the county in which a violation occurs, for a violation of this Act or the rules adopted under this Act; and
(5) establish agreements under the Intergovernmental
Cooperation Act with the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, the Illinois Housing Development Authority, or any other public agency as required, to implement this Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-461, eff. 8-25-17; 101-81, eff. 7-12-19.)
(410 ILCS 43/16)
Lead Direct Assistance
(a) Subject to appropriation, the Department, in consultation with the Advisory Council, shall establish and operate the Lead
Direct Assistance Program throughout the State. The purpose of the Lead
Direct Assistance Program is to employ primary prevention strategies to
prevent childhood lead poisoning.
(b) The Department shall administer the Lead Direct
Assistance Program to remediate lead-based paint hazards and leaded
plumbing hazards in residential properties. Conditions for receiving direct assistance shall be developed by the Department of Public Health, in consultation with the Department of Commerce
and Economic Opportunity and the Illinois Housing Development
Authority. Criteria for receiving direct assistance shall include:
(1) for owner-occupied properties: (i) the property
contains lead hazards; (ii) the property is a child-occupied property or the residence of a pregnant woman; and (iii) the owner is low-income; and
(2) for rental properties: (i) the property contains
lead hazards and (ii) 50% or more of the renters in the residential property are low-income.
Recipients of direct assistance under this program shall be provided a
copy of the Department's Lead Safe Housing Maintenance Standards. Before receiving the direct assistance, the recipient must certify that he or she has received the standards and intends to comply with them. If the property is a rental property, the recipient must also
certify that he or she will continue to rent to the same tenant or other low-income tenant for a period of not less than 5 years following completion of the work. Failure to comply with the conditions of the Lead
Direct Assistance Program is a violation of this Act.
identify properties with lead hazards, the Department may prioritize
properties where at least one child has been found to have an elevated
blood lead level under the Lead Poisoning Prevention Act and the paint or potable water
has been tested and found to contain lead exceeding levels established
(d) All lead-based paint hazard control work performed under the Lead Direct
Assistance Program shall comply with the Lead Poisoning Prevention Act
and the Illinois Lead Poisoning Prevention Code. All plumbing work performed under the Lead
Direct Assistance Program shall comply with the Illinois Plumbing
Licensing Act and the Illinois Plumbing Code. Before persons are paid for work conducted under this Act, each subject property must be inspected by a lead risk assessor or lead inspector licensed in Illinois. Prior to payment, an appropriate number of dust samples must be collected from in and around the work areas for lead analysis, with results in compliance with levels set by the Lead Poisoning Prevention Act and the Illinois Lead Poisoning Prevention Code or in the case of
leaded plumbing work, be inspected by an Illinois-certified plumbing
inspector. All costs associated with these inspections, including
laboratory fees, shall be compensable to the person contracted to
provide direct assistance, as prescribed by rule. Additional repairs and clean-up costs associated with a failed clearance test, including follow-up tests, shall be the responsibility of the person
performing the work under the Lead Direct Assistance Program.
(e) The Department shall issue Lead Safe Housing Maintenance Standards in accordance with this Act. Except for properties where all lead-based paint, leaded plumbing, or other
identified lead hazards have been removed, the standards shall describe the responsibilities of property owners and tenants in maintaining lead-safe housing, including, but not limited to, prescribing special cleaning, repair, flushing, filtering, and maintenance necessary to minimize the risk that subject properties will cause lead poisoning in children. Recipients of direct assistance shall be required to continue to maintain their properties in compliance with these Lead Safe Housing Maintenance Standards. Failure to maintain properties in accordance with these standards is a violation and may subject the
recipient to fines and penalties prescribed by rule.
(f) From funds appropriated, the Department may pay its own reasonable administrative costs and, by agreement, the
reasonable administrative costs of other public agencies.
(g) Failure by a person performing work under the Lead
Direct Assistance Program to comply with rules or any contractual
agreement made thereunder may subject the person to administrative
action by the Department or other public agencies, in accordance with rules
adopted under this Act, including, but not limited to, civil penalties,
retainage of payment, and loss of eligibility to participate. Civil
actions, including for reimbursement, damages, and money penalties, and
criminal actions may be brought by the Attorney General or the State's
Attorney for the county in which the violation occurs.
(Source: P.A. 100-461, eff. 8-25-17.)