Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
420 ILCS 46/1
(420 ILCS 46/1)
This Act may be cited as the
Illinois Radon Awareness Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-210, eff. 1-1-08.)
420 ILCS 46/5
(420 ILCS 46/5)
As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) "Agent" means a licensed real estate "broker" or "salesperson", as those terms are defined in Section 1-10 of the Real Estate License Act of 2000, acting on behalf of a seller or buyer of residential real property.
(b) "Buyer" means any individual, partnership, corporation, or trustee entering into an agreement to purchase any estate or interest in real property.
(c) "Final settlement" means the time at which the parties have signed and delivered all papers and consideration to convey title to the estate or interest in the residential real property being conveyed.
(d) "IEMA" means the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Division of Nuclear Safety.
(e) "Mitigation" means measures designed to permanently reduce indoor radon concentrations according to procedures described in 32 Illinois Administrative Code Part 422.
(f) "Radon hazard" means exposure to indoor radon concentrations at or in excess of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's, or IEMA's recommended Radon Action Level.
(g) "Radon test" means a measurement of indoor radon concentrations in accordance with 32 Illinois Administrative Code Part 422 for performing radon measurements within the context of a residential real property transaction.
(h) "Residential real property" means any estate or interest in a manufactured housing lot or a parcel of real property, improved with not less than one nor more than 4 residential dwelling units.
(i) "Seller" means any individual, partnership, corporation, or trustee transferring residential real property in return for consideration.
(Source: P.A. 95-210, eff. 1-1-08.)
420 ILCS 46/10
(420 ILCS 46/10)
Radon testing and disclosure.
(a) Except as excluded by Section 20 of this Act, the seller shall provide to the buyer of any interest in residential real property the IEMA pamphlet entitled "Radon Testing Guidelines for Real Estate Transactions" (or an equivalent pamphlet approved for use by IEMA) and the Illinois Disclosure of Information on Radon Hazards, which is set forth in subsection (b) of this Section, stating that the property may present the potential for exposure to radon before the buyer is obligated under any contract to purchase residential real property. Nothing in this Section is intended to or shall be construed to imply an obligation on the seller to conduct any radon testing or mitigation activities.
(b) The following shall be the form of Disclosure of Information on Radon Hazards to be provided to a buyer of residential real property as required by this Section:
DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION ON RADON HAZARDS
(For Residential Real Property Sales or Purchases)
Radon Warning Statement
Every buyer of any interest in residential real property is notified that the property may present exposure to dangerous levels of indoor radon gas that may place the occupants at risk of developing radon-induced lung cancer. Radon, a Class-A human carcinogen, is the leading cause of lung cancer in non-smokers and the second leading cause overall. The seller of any interest in residential real property is required to provide the buyer with any information on radon test results of the dwelling showing elevated levels of radon in the seller's possession.
The Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA) strongly recommends ALL homebuyers have an indoor radon test performed prior to purchase or taking occupancy, and mitigated if elevated levels are found. Elevated radon concentrations can easily be reduced by a qualified, licensed radon mitigator.
Seller's Disclosure (initial each of the following which applies)
(a).......... Elevated radon concentrations (above EPA or IEMA recommended Radon Action Level) are known to be present within the dwelling. (Explain)
(b).......... Seller has provided the purchaser with the most current records and reports pertaining to elevated radon concentrations within the dwelling.
(c).......... Seller either has no knowledge of elevated radon concentrations in the dwelling or prior elevated radon concentrations have been mitigated or remediated.
(d).......... Seller has no records or reports pertaining to elevated radon concentrations within the dwelling.
Purchaser's Acknowledgment (initial each of the following which applies)
(e).......... Purchaser has received copies of all information listed above.
(f).......... Purchaser has received the IEMA approved Radon Disclosure Pamphlet.
Agent's Acknowledgment (initial) (if applicable)
(g).......... Agent has informed the seller of the seller's obligations under Illinois law.
Certification of Accuracy
The following parties have reviewed the information above and each party certifies, to the best of his or her knowledge, that the information he or she provided is true and accurate.
(c) If any of the disclosures required by this Section occurs after the buyer has made an offer to purchase the residential real property, the seller shall complete the required disclosure activities prior to accepting the buyer's offer and allow the buyer an opportunity to review the information and possibly amend the offer.
(Source: P.A. 96-278, eff. 8-11-09; 97-981, eff. 1-1-13.)
420 ILCS 46/15
(420 ILCS 46/15)
This Act shall apply only to leased properties to the extent specified in Section 25 of this Act and to transfers by sale of residential real property.
(Source: P.A. 97-21, eff. 1-1-12.)
420 ILCS 46/20
(420 ILCS 46/20)
The provisions of this Act do not apply to the following:
(1) Transfers pursuant to court order, including, but
not limited to, transfers ordered by a probate court in administration of an estate, transfers between spouses resulting from a judgment of dissolution of marriage or legal separation, transfers pursuant to an order of possession, transfers by a trustee in bankruptcy, transfers by eminent domain, and transfers resulting from a decree for specific performance.
(2) Transfers from a mortgagor to a mortgagee by deed
in lieu of foreclosure or consent judgment, transfer by judicial deed issued pursuant to a foreclosure sale to the successful bidder or the assignee of a certificate of sale, transfer by a collateral assignment of a beneficial interest of a land trust, or a transfer by a mortgagee or a successor in interest to the mortgagee's secured position or a beneficiary under a deed in trust who has acquired the real property by deed in lieu of foreclosure, consent judgment or judicial deed issued pursuant to a foreclosure sale.
(3) Transfers by a fiduciary in the course of the
administration of a decedent's estate, guardianship, conservatorship, or trust.
(4) Transfers from one co-owner to one or more other
(5) Transfers pursuant to testate or intestate
(6) Transfers made to a spouse, or to a person or
persons in the lineal line of consanguinity of one or more of the sellers.
(7) Transfers from an entity that has taken title to
residential real property from a seller for the purpose of assisting in the relocation of the seller, so long as the entity makes available to all prospective buyers a copy of the disclosure form furnished to the entity by the seller.
(8) Transfers to or from any governmental entity.
(9) Transfers of any residential dwelling unit
located on the third story or higher above ground level of any structure or building, including, but not limited to, condominium units and dwelling units in a residential cooperative.
(Source: P.A. 95-210, eff. 1-1-08; 96-278, eff. 8-11-09.)
420 ILCS 46/25
(420 ILCS 46/25)
Disclosure of Radon hazard to current and prospective tenants.
(a) A lessor of a dwelling unit shall disclose to lessees the existence of a radon hazard consistent with the provisions of this Section. For the purposes of this Section, "dwelling unit" means a room or suite of rooms used for human habitation and for which a lessor and a lessee have a written lease agreement.
(b) The provisions of this Section apply only to dwelling units located below the third story above ground level.
(c) If a current lessee has provided in writing to the lessor the results of a radon test that indicate that a radon hazard exists in a dwelling unit covered by this Section, then the lessor shall disclose in writing to any individual seeking to enter into a lease of that dwelling unit that a radon test has indicated that a radon hazard may exist in the dwelling unit. After receiving a notification of a radon test that indicates a radon hazard, the lessor may choose to conduct a radon test in the dwelling unit. If the lessor's radon test indicates that a radon hazard does not exist on the premises, the lessor shall not be required to disclose that a radon hazard exists in the dwelling unit.
(d) If a lessor conducts a radon test in a dwelling unit and the radon test indicates that a radon hazard exists in the dwelling unit, the lessor shall disclose in writing to the current lessee, and any individual seeking to enter into a lease of that dwelling unit, the existence of a radon hazard in the dwelling unit.
(e) If a lessor has undertaken mitigation activities and a subsequent radon test indicates that a radon hazard does not exist in the dwelling unit, then the lessor is not required to provide the disclosure required by this Section.
(f) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require a lessor to conduct radon testing.
(Source: P.A. 97-21, eff. 1-1-12.)
420 ILCS 46/99
(420 ILCS 46/99)
This Act takes effect January 1, 2008.
(Source: P.A. 95-210, eff. 1-1-08.)