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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

EMPLOYMENT
(820 ILCS 112/) Equal Pay Act of 2003.

820 ILCS 112/1

    (820 ILCS 112/1)
    Sec. 1. Short Title. This Act may be cited as the Equal Pay Act of 2003.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/5

    (820 ILCS 112/5)
    Sec. 5. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Director" means the Director of Labor.
    "Department" means the Department of Labor.
    "Employee" means any individual permitted to work by an employer.
    "Employer" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, business, trust, person, or entity for whom 4 or more employees are gainfully employed in Illinois and includes the State of Illinois, any state officer, department, or agency, any unit of local government, and any school district.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/10

    (820 ILCS 112/10)
    Sec. 10. Prohibited acts.
    (a) No employer may discriminate between employees on the basis of sex by paying wages to an employee at a rate less than the rate at which the employer pays wages to another employee of the opposite sex for the same or substantially similar work on jobs the performance of which requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions, except where the payment is made under:
        (1) a seniority system;
        (2) a merit system;
        (3) a system that measures earnings by quantity or
    
quality of production; or
        (4) a differential based on any other factor other
    
than: (i) sex or (ii) a factor that would constitute unlawful discrimination under the Illinois Human Rights Act.
    An employer who is paying wages in violation of this Act may not, to comply with this Act, reduce the wages of any other employee.
    Nothing in this Act may be construed to require an employer to pay, to any employee at a workplace in a particular county, wages that are equal to the wages paid by that employer at a workplace in another county to employees in jobs the performance of which requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions.
    (b) It is unlawful for any employer to interfere with, restrain, or deny the exercise of or the attempt to exercise any right provided under this Act. It is unlawful for any employer to discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any individual for inquiring about, disclosing, comparing, or otherwise discussing the employee's wages or the wages of any other employee, or aiding or encouraging any person to exercise his or her rights under this Act.
    (c) It is unlawful for any person to discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any individual because the individual:
        (1) has filed any charge or has instituted or caused
    
to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this Act;
        (2) has given, or is about to give, any information
    
in connection with any inquiry or proceeding relating to any right provided under this Act; or
        (3) has testified, or is about to testify, in any
    
inquiry or proceeding relating to any right provided under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/15

    (820 ILCS 112/15)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 98-1051)
    Sec. 15. Enforcement.
    (a) The Director or his or her authorized representative shall administer and enforce the provisions of this Act. The Director of Labor shall adopt rules necessary to administer and enforce this Act.
    (b) An employee or former employee may file a complaint with the Department alleging a violation of this Act by submitting a signed, completed complaint form. All complaints shall be filed with the Department within one year from the date of the underpayment.
    (c) The Department has the power to conduct investigations in connection with the administration and enforcement of this Act and the authorized officers and employees of the Department are authorized to investigate and gather data regarding the wages, hours, and other conditions and practices of employment in any industry subject to this Act, and may enter and inspect such places and such records at reasonable times during regular business hours, question the employees and investigate the facts, conditions, practices, or matters as he or she may deem necessary or appropriate to determine whether any person has violated any provision of this Act, or which may aid in the enforcement of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-467, eff. 8-14-09.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 98-1051)
    Sec. 15. Enforcement.
    (a) The Director or his or her authorized representative shall administer and enforce the provisions of this Act. The Director of Labor shall adopt rules necessary to administer and enforce this Act.
    (b) An employee or former employee may file a complaint with the Department alleging a violation of this Act by submitting a signed, completed complaint form. All complaints shall be filed with the Department within one year from the date of the underpayment.
    (c) The Department has the power to conduct investigations in connection with the administration and enforcement of this Act and the authorized officers and employees of the Department are authorized to investigate and gather data regarding the wages, hours, and other conditions and practices of employment in any industry subject to this Act, and may enter and inspect such places and such records at reasonable times during regular business hours, question the employees and investigate the facts, conditions, practices, or matters as he or she may deem necessary or appropriate to determine whether any person has violated any provision of this Act, or which may aid in the enforcement of this Act.
    (d) The Department may refer a complaint alleging a violation of this Act to the Department of Human Rights for investigation if the subject matter of the complaint also alleges a violation of the Illinois Human Rights Act and the Department of Human Rights has jurisdiction over the matter. When a complaint is referred to the Department of Human Rights under this subsection, the Department of Human Rights shall also file the complaint under the Illinois Human Rights Act and be the agency responsible for investigating the complaint. The Department shall review the Department of Human Rights' investigation and findings to determine whether a violation of this Act has occurred or whether further investigation by the Department is necessary and take any necessary or appropriate action required to enforce the provisions of this Act. The Director of Labor and the Department of Human Rights shall adopt joint rules necessary to administer and enforce this subsection.
(Source: P.A. 98-1051, eff. 1-1-15.)

820 ILCS 112/20

    (820 ILCS 112/20)
    Sec. 20. Recordkeeping requirements. An employer subject to any provision of this Act shall make and preserve records that document the name, address, and occupation of each employee, the wages paid to each employee, and any other information the Director may by rule deem necessary and appropriate for enforcement of this Act. An employer subject to any provision of this Act shall preserve those records for a period of not less than 5 years and shall make reports from the records as prescribed by rule or order of the Director, unless the records relate to an ongoing investigation or enforcement action under this Act, in which case the records must be maintained until their destruction is authorized by the Department or by court order.
(Source: P.A. 96-467, eff. 8-14-09.)

820 ILCS 112/25

    (820 ILCS 112/25)
    Sec. 25. Witnesses; subpoena. The Director of Labor or his or her authorized representative may administer oaths, take or cause to be taken the depositions of witnesses, and require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all books, records, and other evidence relative to the matter under investigation. A subpoena issued under this Section shall be signed and issued by the Director of Labor or his or her authorized representative.
    In case of failure of any person to comply with any subpoena lawfully issued under this Section or on the refusal of any witness to produce evidence or to testify to any matter regarding which he or she may be lawfully interrogated, it is the duty of any circuit court, upon application of the Director, or his or her authorized representative, to compel obedience by proceedings for contempt, as in the case of disobedience of the requirements of a subpoena issued by such court or a refusal to testify therein. The Director may certify to official acts.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/27

    (820 ILCS 112/27)
    Sec. 27. Officers and agents. In addition to an individual who is deemed to be an employer pursuant to Section 5 of this Act, any officers of a corporation or agents of an employer who willfully and knowingly permit such employer to evade a final judgment or final award provided under this Act shall be deemed to be the employers of the employees.
(Source: P.A. 97-903, eff. 1-1-13.)

820 ILCS 112/30

    (820 ILCS 112/30)
    Sec. 30. Violations; fines and penalties.
    (a) If an employee is paid by his or her employer less than the wage to which he or she is entitled in violation of Section 10 of this Act, the employee may recover in a civil action the entire amount of any underpayment together with interest and the costs and reasonable attorney's fees as may be allowed by the court and as necessary to make the employee whole. At the request of the employee or on a motion of the Director, the Department may make an assignment of the wage claim in trust for the assigning employee and may bring any legal action necessary to collect the claim, and the employer shall be required to pay the costs incurred in collecting the claim. Every such action shall be brought within 5 years from the date of the underpayment. For purposes of this Act, "date of the underpayment" means each time wages are underpaid.
    (b) The Director is authorized to supervise the payment of the unpaid wages owing to any employee or employees under this Act and may bring any legal action necessary to recover the amount of unpaid wages and penalties and the employer shall be required to pay the costs. Any sums recovered by the Director on behalf of an employee under this Section shall be paid to the employee or employees affected.
    (c) Any employer who violates any provision of this Act or any rule adopted under the Act is subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $2,500 for each violation for each employee affected, except that any employer or person who violates subsection (b) or (c) of Section 10 is subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for each violation for each employee affected. In determining the amount of the penalty, the appropriateness of the penalty to the size of the business of the employer charged and the gravity of the violation shall be considered. The penalty may be recovered in a civil action brought by the Director in any circuit court.
(Source: P.A. 96-467, eff. 8-14-09; 97-512, eff. 1-1-12.)

820 ILCS 112/35

    (820 ILCS 112/35)
    Sec. 35. Refusal to pay wages or final compensation; retaliatory discharge or discrimination.
    (a) Any employer who has been demanded by the Director of Labor or ordered by the court to pay wages due an employee and who fails to do so within 15 days after such demand or the order is entered shall be liable to pay a penalty of 1% per calendar day to the employee for each day of delay in paying such wages to the employee, up to an amount equal to twice the sum of unpaid wages due the employee.
    (b) Any employer, or any agent of an employer, who knowingly discharges or in any other manner knowingly discriminates against any employee because that employee has made a complaint to his or her employer, or to the Director or his or her authorized representative, that he or she or any employee of the employer has not been paid in accordance with the provisions of this Act, or because that employee has instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this Act or consulted counsel for such purposes, or because that employee has testified or is about to testify in an investigation or proceeding under this Act, or offers any evidence of any violation of this Act, shall be liable to the employee for such legal and equitable relief as may be appropriate to effectuate the purposes of this Section, the value of any lost benefits, backpay, and front pay as appropriate so long as the employee has made reasonable efforts to mitigate his or her damages and an additional equal amount as liquidated damages.
(Source: P.A. 96-467, eff. 8-14-09.)

820 ILCS 112/40

    (820 ILCS 112/40)
    Sec. 40. Notification. Every employer covered by this Act shall post and keep posted, in conspicuous places on the premises of the employer where notices to employees are customarily posted, a notice, to be prepared or approved by the Director, summarizing the requirements of this Act and information pertaining to the filing of a charge. The Director shall furnish copies of summaries and rules to employers upon request without charge.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/45

    (820 ILCS 112/45)
    Sec. 45. Outreach and education efforts. The Department of Labor shall conduct ongoing outreach and education efforts concerning this Act targeted toward employers, labor organizations, and other appropriate organizations. In addition, the Department of Labor shall conduct studies and provide information biennially to employers, labor organizations, and the general public concerning the means available to eliminate pay disparities between men and women, including:
        (1) conducting and promoting research to develop the
    
means to correct the conditions leading to the pay disparities;
        (2) publishing and otherwise making available to
    
employers, labor organizations, professional associations, educational institutions, the legislature, the media, and the general public the findings resulting from studies and other materials, relating to the pay disparities;
        (3) providing information to employers, labor
    
organizations, and other interested persons on the means of eliminating pay disparities; and
        (4) developing guidelines to enable employers to
    
evaluate job categories based on objective criteria such as educational requirements, skill requirements, independence, working conditions, and responsibility. These guidelines shall be designed to enable employers to voluntarily compare wages paid for different jobs to determine if the pay scales involved adequately and fairly reflect the educational requirements, skill requirements, independence, working conditions, and responsibility for each such job with the goal of eliminating unfair pay disparities between occupations traditionally dominated by men or women.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/50

    (820 ILCS 112/50)
    Sec. 50. Annual Report. The Department shall file with the Governor and the General Assembly, no later than January 1 of each year, a report of its activities regarding administration and enforcement of this Act for the preceding fiscal year.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)

820 ILCS 112/90

    (820 ILCS 112/90)
    Sec. 90. Severability. The provisions of this Act are severable under Section 1.31 of the of the Statute on Statutes.
(Source: P.A. 93-6, eff. 1-1-04.)