Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

LIENS
(770 ILCS 23/) Health Care Services Lien Act.

770 ILCS 23/1

    (770 ILCS 23/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Health Care Services Lien Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/5

    (770 ILCS 23/5)
    Sec. 5. Definitions. In this Act:
    "Health care professional" means any individual in any of the following license categories: licensed physician, licensed dentist, licensed optometrist, licensed naprapath, licensed clinical psychologist, or licensed physical therapist.
    "Health care provider" means any entity in any of the following license categories: licensed hospital, licensed home health agency, licensed ambulatory surgical treatment center, licensed long-term care facilities, or licensed emergency medical services personnel.
    This amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly applies to causes of action accruing on or after its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03; 94-403, eff. 1-1-06.)

770 ILCS 23/10

    (770 ILCS 23/10)
    Sec. 10. Lien created; limitation.
    (a) Every health care professional and health care provider that renders any service in the treatment, care, or maintenance of an injured person, except services rendered under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act or the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act, shall have a lien upon all claims and causes of action of the injured person for the amount of the health care professional's or health care provider's reasonable charges up to the date of payment of damages to the injured person. The total amount of all liens under this Act, however, shall not exceed 40% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise secured by or on behalf of the injured person on his or her claim or right of action.
    (b) The lien shall include a written notice containing the name and address of the injured person, the date of the injury, the name and address of the health care professional or health care provider, and the name of the party alleged to be liable to make compensation to the injured person for the injuries received. The lien notice shall be served on both the injured person and the party against whom the claim or right of action exists. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, payment in good faith to any person other than the healthcare professional or healthcare provider claiming or asserting such lien prior to the service of such notice of lien shall, to the extent of the payment so made, bar or prevent the creation of an enforceable lien. Service shall be made by registered or certified mail or in person.
    (c) All health care professionals and health care providers holding liens under this Act with respect to a particular injured person shall share proportionate amounts within the statutory limitation set forth in subsection (a). The statutory limitations under this Section may be waived or otherwise reduced only by the lienholder. No individual licensed category of health care professional (such as physicians) or health care provider (such as hospitals) as set forth in Section 5, however, may receive more than one-third of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise secured by or on behalf of the injured person on his or her claim or right of action. If the total amount of all liens under this Act meets or exceeds 40% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise, then:
        (1) all the liens of health care professionals shall
    
not exceed 20% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise; and
        (2) all the liens of health care providers shall not
    
exceed 20% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise;
provided, however, that health care services liens shall be satisfied to the extent possible for all health care professionals and health care providers by reallocating the amount unused within the aggregate total limitation of 40% for all health care services liens under this Act; and provided further that the amounts of liens under paragraphs (1) and (2) are subject to the one-third limitation under this subsection.
     If the total amount of all liens under this Act meets or exceeds 40% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise, the total amount of all the liens of attorneys under the Attorneys Lien Act shall not exceed 30% of the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise. If an appeal is taken by any party to a suit based on the claim or cause of action, however, the attorney's lien shall not be affected or limited by the provisions of this Act.
    (d) If services furnished by health care professionals and health care providers are billed at one all-inclusive rate, the total reasonable charges for those services shall be reasonably allocated among the health care professionals and health care providers and treated as separate liens for purposes of this Act, including the filing of separate lien notices. For services provided under an all-inclusive rate, the liens of health care professionals and health care providers may be asserted by the entity that bills the all-inclusive rate.
    (e) Payments under the liens shall be made directly to the health care professionals and health care providers. For services provided under an all-inclusive rate, payments under liens shall be made directly to the entity that bills the all-inclusive rate.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/15

    (770 ILCS 23/15)
    Sec. 15. Notice of judgment or award. A judgment, award, settlement, or compromise secured by or on behalf of an injured person may not be satisfied without the injured person or his or her authorized representative first giving notice of the judgment, award, settlement, or compromise to the health care professional or health care provider that rendered a service in the treatment, care, or maintenance of the injured person and that has served a lien notice pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 10. The notice shall be in writing and served upon the lien holder or, in the case of a lien holder operated entirely by a unit of local government, upon the individual or entity authorized to receive service under Section 2-211 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/20

    (770 ILCS 23/20)
    Sec. 20. Items to which lien attaches. The lien of a health care professional or health care provider under this Act shall, from and after the time of the service of the lien notice, attach to any verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise secured by or on behalf of the injured person. If the verdict, judgment, award, settlement, or compromise is to be paid over time by means of an annuity or otherwise, any lien under this Act shall be satisfied by the party obligated to compensate the injured person to the fullest extent permitted by Section 10 before the establishment of the annuity or other extended payment mechanism.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/25

    (770 ILCS 23/25)
    Sec. 25. Examination of health care records.
    (a) Upon written request by medical authorization signed by the patient or the patient's representative, or by subpoena, any party to a pending court action against whom a claim is asserted for damages resulting from injuries shall be permitted to examine the records of any health care professional or health care provider concerning the health care professional's or health care provider's treatment, care, or maintenance of the injured person. Within 20 days after receiving a written request by medical authorization signed by the patient or the patient's representative, or by subpoena, a health care professional or health care provider claiming a lien under this Act must furnish to the requesting party, or file with the clerk of the court in which the action is pending, all of the following:
        (1) A written statement of the nature and extent of
    
the injuries sustained by the injured person.
        (2) A written statement of the nature and extent of
    
the treatment, care, or maintenance given to or furnished for the injured person by the health care professional or health care provider.
        (3) A written statement of the history, if any, as
    
given by the injured person, insofar as shown by the health care records, as to the manner in which the injuries were received.
    (b) If a health care professional or health care provider fails or refuses to give or file a written statement in conformity with and as required by subsection (a) after being so requested in writing in conformity with subsection (a), the lien of that health care professional or health care provider under this Act shall immediately become null and void.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/30

    (770 ILCS 23/30)
    Sec. 30. Adjudication of rights. On petition filed by the injured person or the health care professional or health care provider and on the petitioner's written notice to all interested adverse parties, the circuit court shall adjudicate the rights of all interested parties and enforce their liens. A lien created under the Crime Victims Compensation Act may be reduced only by the Court of Claims.
    A petition filed under this Section may be served upon the interested adverse parties by personal service, substitute service, or registered or certified mail.
(Source: P.A. 97-817, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1042, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

770 ILCS 23/35

    (770 ILCS 23/35)
    Sec. 35. Liens created under prior law. A lien validly created under the Clinical Psychologists Lien Act, the Dentists Lien Act, the Emergency Medical Services Personnel Lien Act, Home Health Agency Lien Act, the Hospital Lien Act, the Optometrists Lien Act, the Physical Therapist Lien Act, or the Physicians Lien Act remains in full force and effect on and after July 1, 2003. Such a lien shall be enforceable according to, and otherwise governed by, the provisions of the Act or Code under which it was created, as those provisions existed on June 30, 2003.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/40

    (770 ILCS 23/40)
    Sec. 40. Attorney's lien. Nothing in this Act shall affect the priority of any attorney's lien under the Attorneys Lien Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/45

    (770 ILCS 23/45)
    Sec. 45. Amounts not recovered under lien. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as limiting the right of a health care professional or health care provider, or attorney, to pursue collection, through all available means, of its reasonable charges for the services it furnishes to an injured person. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a lien holder may seek payment of the amount of its reasonable charges that remain not paid after the satisfaction of its lien under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/50

    (770 ILCS 23/50)
    Sec. 50. Subrogation claims. If a subrogation claim or other right of reimbursement claim that arises out of the payment of medical expenses or other benefits exists with respect to a claim for personal injury or death, and the personal injury or death estate claimant's recovery is diminished:
        (1) by comparative fault; or
        (2) by reason of the uncollectibility of the full
    
value of the claim for personal injury or death resulting from limited liability insurance;
the subrogation claim or other right of reimbursement claim shall be diminished in the same proportion as the personal injury or death estate claimant's recovery is diminished. Unless otherwise agreed by the interested parties, the amount of comparative fault and the full value of the claim shall be determined by the court having jurisdiction over the matter.
    After reduction of the subrogation claim or other right of reimbursement claim due to either comparative fault or limited liability insurance, or both, the party asserting the subrogation claim or other right of reimbursement claim shall bear a pro rata share of the personal injury or death estate claimant's attorneys fees and litigation expenses. This Section 50 does not apply to any holder of a lien under the Workers' Compensation Act, the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act, or this Act including, but not limited to, licensed long-term care facilities, physicians, and hospitals, or to claims made to recoup uninsured payments pursuant to Section 143a of the Illinois Insurance Code or underinsured payments pursuant to Section 143a-2 of the Illinois Insurance Code. A subrogation claim or other right of reimbursement claim may be adjudicated even when a lien has not been filed regarding such claim.
(Source: P.A. 97-1042, eff. 1-1-13.)

770 ILCS 23/900

    (770 ILCS 23/900)
    Sec. 900. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03; text omitted.)

770 ILCS 23/905

    (770 ILCS 23/905)
    Sec. 905. The Clinical Psychologists Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/910

    (770 ILCS 23/910)
    Sec. 910. The Dentists Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/915

    (770 ILCS 23/915)
    Sec. 915. The Emergency Medical Services Personnel Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/920

    (770 ILCS 23/920)
    Sec. 920. The Home Health Agency Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/925

    (770 ILCS 23/925)
    Sec. 925. The Hospital Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/930

    (770 ILCS 23/930)
    Sec. 930. The Optometrists Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/935

    (770 ILCS 23/935)
    Sec. 935. The Physical Therapist Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/940

    (770 ILCS 23/940)
    Sec. 940. The Physicians Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/945

    (770 ILCS 23/945)
    Sec. 945. If and only if the provisions of House Bill 1205 of the 93rd General Assembly creating the Naprapathic Lien Act become law, the Naprapathic Lien Act is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)

770 ILCS 23/999

    (770 ILCS 23/999)
    Sec. 999. Effective date. This Act takes effect on July 1, 2003.
(Source: P.A. 93-51, eff. 7-1-03.)