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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

FAMILIES
(750 ILCS 30/) Emancipation of Minors Act.

750 ILCS 30/1

    (750 ILCS 30/1) (from Ch. 40, par. 2201)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Emancipation of Minors Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/2

    (750 ILCS 30/2) (from Ch. 40, par. 2202)
    Sec. 2. Purpose and policy. The purpose of this Act is to provide a means by which a mature minor who has demonstrated the ability and capacity to manage his own affairs and to live wholly or partially independent of his parents or guardian, may obtain the legal status of an emancipated person with power to enter into valid legal contracts. This Act is also intended (i) to provide a means by which a homeless minor who is seeking assistance may have the authority to consent, independent of his or her parents or guardian, to receive shelter, housing, and services provided by a licensed agency that has the ability and willingness to serve the homeless minor and (ii) to do so without requiring the delay or difficulty of first holding a hearing.
    This Act is not intended to interfere with the integrity of the family or the rights of parents and their children. No order of complete or partial emancipation may be entered under this Act if there is any objection by the minor, his parents or guardian. No petition may be filed for the partial emancipation of a homeless minor unless appropriate attempts have been made to reunify the homeless minor with his or her family through the services of a Comprehensive Community Based Youth Services Agency. This Act does not limit or exclude any other means either in statute or case law by which a minor may become emancipated.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/3

    (750 ILCS 30/3) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203)
    Sec. 3. Definitions. Terms used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meanings ascribed to them in Sections 3-1 through 3-5.
(Source: P.A. 81-833.)

750 ILCS 30/3-1

    (750 ILCS 30/3-1) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203-1)
    Sec. 3-1. Minor. "Minor" means a person 16 years of age or over, and under the age of 18 years, subject to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-833.)

750 ILCS 30/3-2

    (750 ILCS 30/3-2) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203-2)
    Sec. 3-2. Mature minor. "Mature minor" means a person 16 years of age or over and under the age of 18 years who has demonstrated the ability and capacity to manage his own affairs and to live wholly or partially independent of his parents or guardian.
(Source: P.A. 81-833.)

750 ILCS 30/3-2.5

    (750 ILCS 30/3-2.5)
    Sec. 3-2.5. Homeless minor. "Homeless minor" means a person at least 16 years of age but less than 18 years of age who lacks a regular, fixed, and adequate place to live and who desires to participate in a youth transitional housing program. The term includes, but is not limited to, a minor who is sharing the dwelling of another or living in a temporary shelter or who is unable or unwilling to return to the residence of a parent. The term does not include a minor in the custody or under the guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services. No child may be terminated from the custody or guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services for the purpose of obtaining emancipation as a homeless minor.
(Source: P.A. 93-105; eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/3-2.10

    (750 ILCS 30/3-2.10)
    Sec. 3-2.10. Youth transitional housing program. "Youth transitional housing program" means a program licensed by the Department of Children and Family Services to provide services, shelter, or housing to a minor.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/3-3

    (750 ILCS 30/3-3) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203-3)
    Sec. 3-3. Parents. "Parent" means the father or mother of a lawful child of the parties or a child born out of wedlock, and includes any adoptive parent. It does not include a parent whose rights in respect to the minor have been terminated in any manner provided by law.
(Source: P.A. 94-229, eff. 1-1-06.)

750 ILCS 30/3-4

    (750 ILCS 30/3-4) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203-4)
    Sec. 3-4. Guardian. "Guardian" means any person, association or agency appointed guardian of the person of the minor under the Juvenile Court Act, the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, the "Probate Act of 1975", or any other statute or court order.
(Source: P.A. 85-1440.)

750 ILCS 30/3-5

    (750 ILCS 30/3-5) (from Ch. 40, par. 2203-5)
    Sec. 3-5. Petition. "Petition" means the petition provided for in Section 7 of this Act, or any other petition filed under the Juvenile Court Act or the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, seeking the emancipation of a minor in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)

750 ILCS 30/4

    (750 ILCS 30/4) (from Ch. 40, par. 2204)
    Sec. 4. Jurisdiction. The circuit court in the county where the minor resides, is found, owns property, or in which a court action affecting the interests of the minor is pending, may, upon the filing of a petition on behalf of the minor by his next friend, parent or guardian and after any hearing or notice to all persons as set forth in Sections 7, 8, and 9 of this Act, enter a finding that the minor is a mature minor or a homeless minor as defined in this Act and order complete or partial emancipation of the minor. The court in its order for partial emancipation may specifically limit the rights and responsibilities of the minor seeking emancipation. In the case of a homeless minor, the court shall restrict the order of emancipation to allowing the minor to consent to the receipt of transitional services and shelter or housing from a specified youth transitional program and its referral agencies only.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/5

    (750 ILCS 30/5) (from Ch. 40, par. 2205)
    Sec. 5. Rights and responsibilities of an emancipated minor.
    (a) A mature minor ordered emancipated under this Act shall have the right to enter into valid legal contracts, and shall have such other rights and responsibilities as the court may order that are not inconsistent with the specific age requirements of the State or federal constitution or any State or federal law.
    (b) A mature minor or homeless minor who is partially emancipated under this Act shall have only those rights and responsibilities specified in the order of the court.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/6

    (750 ILCS 30/6) (from Ch. 40, par. 2206)
    Sec. 6. Duration of emancipation and discharge of proceedings. The court shall retain continuing jurisdiction over the proceedings until the emancipated minor reaches age 18, and may modify or terminate its previous emancipation orders. However, any subsequent modification or termination of a previous order shall be effective only prospectively and shall not affect any rights, duties, obligations or causes of action existing prior to the modification or termination of any order under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-833.)

750 ILCS 30/7

    (750 ILCS 30/7) (from Ch. 40, par. 2207)
    Sec. 7. Petition. The petition for emancipation shall be verified and shall set forth: (1) the age of the minor; (2) that the minor is a resident of Illinois at the time of the filing of the petition, or owns real estate in Illinois, or has an interest or is a party in any case pending in Illinois; (3) the cause for which the minor seeks to obtain partial or complete emancipation; (4) the names of the minor's parents, and the address, if living; (5) the names and addresses of any guardians or custodians appointed for the minor; (6) that the minor is (i) a mature minor who has demonstrated the ability and capacity to manage his own affairs or (ii) a homeless minor who is located in this State; and (7) that the minor has lived wholly or partially independent of his parents or guardian. If the minor seeks emancipation as a homeless minor, the petition shall also set forth the name of the youth transitional housing program that is willing and able to provide services and shelter or housing to the minor, the address of the program, and the name and phone number of the contact person at the program. The petition shall also briefly assert the reason that the services and shelter or housing to be offered are appropriate and necessary for the well-being of the homeless minor.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/8

    (750 ILCS 30/8) (from Ch. 40, par. 2208)
    Sec. 8. Notice. All persons named in the petition shall be given written notice within 21 days after the filing of the petition for emancipation. Those persons shall have a right to be present if a hearing is sought or scheduled and to be represented by counsel.
    All notices shall be served on persons named in the petition by personal service or by "certified mail, return receipt requested, addressee only". If personal service cannot be made in accordance with the provisions of this Act, substitute service or service by publication shall be made in accordance with the Civil Practice Law.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/9

    (750 ILCS 30/9) (from Ch. 40, par. 2209)
    Sec. 9. Hearing on petition.
    (a) Mature minor. Before proceeding to a hearing on the petition for emancipation of a mature minor the court shall advise all persons present of the nature of the proceedings, and their rights and responsibilities if an order of emancipation should be entered.
    If, after the hearing, the court determines that the minor is a mature minor who is of sound mind and has the capacity and maturity to manage his own affairs including his finances, and that the best interests of the minor and his family will be promoted by declaring the minor an emancipated minor, the court shall enter a finding that the minor is an emancipated minor within the meaning of this Act, or that the mature minor is partially emancipated with such limitations as the court by order deems appropriate. No order of complete or partial emancipation may be entered under this Act if there is any objection by the minor, his parents or guardian.
    (b) Homeless minor. Upon the verified petition of a homeless minor, the court shall immediately grant partial emancipation for the sole purpose of allowing the homeless minor to consent to the receipt of services and shelter or housing provided by the youth transitional housing program named in the petition and to other services that the youth transitional housing program may arrange by referral. The court may require that a youth transitional housing program employee appear before the court at the time of the filing of the petition and may inquire into the facts asserted in the petition. No other hearing shall be scheduled in the case of a petition affecting a homeless minor, unless, after notice, a parent or guardian requests such a hearing. If such a hearing is requested, then the homeless minor must be present at the hearing. After the granting of partial emancipation to a homeless youth, if the youth transitional housing program determines that its facility and services are no longer appropriate for the minor or that another program is more appropriate for the minor, the program shall notify the court and the court, after a hearing, may modify its order.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/10

    (750 ILCS 30/10) (from Ch. 40, par. 2210)
    Sec. 10. Joinder, Juvenile Court Proceedings. The petition for declaration of emancipation may, with leave of the court, be joined with any pending litigation affecting the interests of the minor including a petition filed under the Juvenile Court Act or the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
    If any minor seeking emancipation as a mature minor is a ward of the court under the Juvenile Court Act or the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 at the time of the filing of the petition for emancipation, the petition shall be set for hearing in the juvenile court.
(Source: P.A. 93-105, eff. 7-8-03.)

750 ILCS 30/11

    (750 ILCS 30/11) (from Ch. 40, par. 2211)
    Sec. 11. Appeal. Any judgment or order allowing or denying a complete or partial emancipation is a final order for purposes of appeal.
(Source: P.A. 81-833.)