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CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 150/) Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act.

725 ILCS 150/1

    (725 ILCS 150/1) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1671)
    Sec. 1. Short Title. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)

725 ILCS 150/2

    (725 ILCS 150/2) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1672)
    Sec. 2. Legislative Declaration. The General Assembly finds that the civil forfeiture of property which is used or intended to be used in, is attributable to or facilitates the manufacture, sale, transportation, distribution, possession or use of substances in certain violations of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act will have a significant beneficial effect in deterring the rising incidence of the abuse and trafficking of such substances within this State. While forfeiture may secure for State and local units of government some resources for deterring drug abuse and drug trafficking, forfeiture is not intended to be an alternative means of funding the administration of criminal justice. The General Assembly further finds that the federal narcotics civil forfeiture statute upon which this Act is based has been very successful in deterring the use and distribution of controlled substances within this State and throughout the country. It is therefore the intent of the General Assembly that the forfeiture provisions of this Act be construed in light of the federal forfeiture provisions contained in 21 U.S.C. 881 as interpreted by the federal courts, except to the extent that the provisions of this Act expressly differ therefrom.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)

725 ILCS 150/3

    (725 ILCS 150/3) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1673)
    Sec. 3. Applicability. The provisions of this Act are applicable to all property forfeitable under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-573, eff. 8-18-09.)

725 ILCS 150/3.1

    (725 ILCS 150/3.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 3.1. Seizure.
    (a) Actual physical seizure of real property subject to forfeiture under this Act requires the issuance of a seizure warrant. Nothing in this Section prohibits the constructive seizure of real property through the filing of a complaint for forfeiture in circuit court and the recording of a lis pendens against the real property without a hearing, warrant application, or judicial approval.
    (b) Personal property subject to forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act may be seized by the Director of State Police or any peace officer upon process or seizure warrant issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property.
    (c) Personal property subject to forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act may be seized by the Director of State Police or any peace officer without process:
        (1) if the seizure is incident to inspection under an
    
administrative inspection warrant;
        (2) if the property subject to seizure has been the
    
subject of a prior judgment in favor of the State in a criminal proceeding or in an injunction or forfeiture proceeding based upon this Act;
        (3) if there is probable cause to believe that the
    
property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety;
        (4) if there is probable cause to believe that the
    
property is subject to forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, and the property is seized under circumstances in which a warrantless seizure or arrest would be reasonable; or
        (5) under the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
    (d) If a conveyance is seized under this Act, an investigation shall be made by the law enforcement agency as to any person whose right, title, interest, or lien is of record in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded.
    (e) After seizure under this Section, notice shall be given to all known interest holders that forfeiture proceedings, including a preliminary review, may be instituted and the proceedings may be instituted under this Act. Upon a showing of good cause related to an ongoing investigation, the notice required for a preliminary review under this Section may be postponed.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/3.2

    (725 ILCS 150/3.2)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 3.2. Receipt for seized property. If a law enforcement officer seizes property that is subject to forfeiture, the officer shall provide an itemized receipt to the person possessing the property or, in the absence of a person to whom the receipt could be given, shall leave the receipt in the place where the property was found, if possible.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/3.3

    (725 ILCS 150/3.3)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 3.3. Safekeeping of seized property pending disposition.
    (a) Property seized under this Act is deemed to be in the custody of the Director of State Police subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney under this Act.
    (b) If property is seized under this Act, the seizing agency shall promptly conduct an inventory of the seized property and estimate the property's value, and shall forward a copy of the inventory of seized property and the estimate of the property's value to the Director of State Police. Upon receiving notice of seizure, the Director of State Police may:
        (1) place the property under seal;
        (2) remove the property to a place designated by the
    
seizing agency;
        (3) keep the property in the possession of the
    
Director of State Police;
        (4) remove the property to a storage area for
    
safekeeping; or
        (5) place the property under constructive seizure by
    
posting notice of pending forfeiture on it, by giving notice of pending forfeiture to its owners and interest holders, or by filing notice of pending forfeiture in any appropriate public record relating to the property; or
        (6) provide for another agency or custodian,
    
including an owner, secured party, or lienholder, to take custody of the property upon the terms and conditions set by the seizing agency.
    (c) The seizing agency is required to exercise ordinary care to protect the seized property from negligent loss, damage, or destruction.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/3.5

    (725 ILCS 150/3.5)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 3.5. Preliminary review.
    (a) Within 14 days of the seizure, the State shall seek a preliminary determination from the circuit court as to whether there is probable cause that the property may be subject to forfeiture.
    (b) The rules of evidence shall not apply to any proceeding conducted under this Section.
    (c) The court may conduct the review under subsection (a) simultaneously with a proceeding pursuant to Section 109-1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 for a related criminal offense if a prosecution is commenced by information or complaint.
    (d) The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information or complaint charging a related criminal offense or following the return of indictment by a grand jury charging the related offense as sufficient evidence of probable cause as required under subsection (a).
    (e) Upon making a finding of probable cause as required under this Section, the circuit court shall order the property subject to the provisions of the applicable forfeiture Act held until the conclusion of any forfeiture proceeding.
    For seizures of conveyances, within 7 days of a finding of probable cause under subsection (a), the registered owner or other claimant may file a motion in writing supported by sworn affidavits claiming that denial of the use of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings creates a substantial hardship. The court shall consider the following factors in determining whether a substantial hardship has been proven:
        (1) the nature of the claimed hardship;
        (2) the availability of public transportation or
    
other available means of transportation; and
        (3) any available alternatives to alleviate the
    
hardship other than the return of the seized conveyance.
    If the court determines that a substantial hardship has been proven, the court shall then balance the nature of the hardship against the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance. If the court determines that the hardship outweighs the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance, the court may temporarily release the conveyance to the registered owner or the registered owner's authorized designee, or both, until the conclusion of the forfeiture proceedings or for such shorter period as ordered by the court provided that the person to whom the conveyance is released provides proof of insurance and a valid driver's license and all State and local registrations for operation of the conveyance are current. The court shall place conditions on the conveyance limiting its use to the stated hardship and restricting the conveyance's use to only those individuals authorized to use the conveyance by the registered owner. The court shall revoke the order releasing the conveyance and order that the conveyance be reseized by law enforcement if the conditions of release are violated or if the conveyance is used in the commission of any offense identified in subsection (a) of Section 6-205 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    If the court orders the release of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings, the registered owner or his or her authorized designee shall post a cash security with the Clerk of the Court as ordered by the court. The court shall consider the following factors in determining the amount of the cash security:
        (A) the full market value of the conveyance;
        (B) the nature of the hardship;
        (C) the extent and length of the usage of the
    
conveyance; and
        (D) such other conditions as the court deems
    
necessary to safeguard the conveyance.
    If the conveyance is released, the court shall order that the registered owner or his or her designee safeguard the conveyance, not remove the conveyance from the jurisdiction, not conceal, destroy, or otherwise dispose of the conveyance, not encumber the conveyance, and not diminish the value of the conveyance in any way. The court shall also make a determination of the full market value of the conveyance prior to it being released based on a source or sources defined in 50 Ill. Adm. Code 919.80(c)(2)(A) or 919.80(c)(2)(B).
     If the conveyance subject to forfeiture is released under this Section and is subsequently forfeited, the person to whom the conveyance was released shall return the conveyance to the law enforcement agency that seized the conveyance within 7 days from the date of the declaration of forfeiture or order of forfeiture. If the conveyance is not returned within 7 days, the cash security shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. If the cash security was less than the full market value, a judgment shall be entered against the parties to whom the conveyance was released and the registered owner, jointly and severally, for the difference between the full market value and the amount of the cash security. If the conveyance is returned in a condition other than the condition in which it was released, the cash security shall be returned to the surety who posted the security minus the amount of the diminished value, and that amount shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. Additionally, the court may enter an order allowing any law enforcement agency in the State of Illinois to seize the conveyance wherever it may be found in the State to satisfy the judgment if the cash security was less than the full market value of the conveyance.
(Source: P.A. 97-544, eff. 1-1-12; 97-680, eff. 3-16-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 3.5. Preliminary review.
    (a) Within 14 days of the seizure, the State shall seek a preliminary determination from the circuit court as to whether there is probable cause that the property may be subject to forfeiture.
    (b) The rules of evidence shall not apply to any proceeding conducted under this Section.
    (c) The court may conduct the review under subsection (a) simultaneously with a proceeding pursuant to Section 109-1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 for a related criminal offense if a prosecution is commenced by information or complaint.
    (d) The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information or complaint charging a related criminal offense or following the return of indictment by a grand jury charging the related offense as sufficient evidence of probable cause as required under subsection (a).
    (e) Upon making a finding of probable cause as required under this Section, the circuit court shall order the property subject to the provisions of the applicable forfeiture Act held until the conclusion of any forfeiture proceeding.
    For seizures of conveyances, within 28 days after a finding of probable cause under subsection (a), the registered owner or other claimant may file a motion in writing supported by sworn affidavits claiming that denial of the use of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings creates a substantial hardship and alleges facts showing that the delay was not due to his or her culpable negligence. The court shall consider the following factors in determining whether a substantial hardship has been proven:
        (1) the nature of the claimed hardship;
        (2) the availability of public transportation or
    
other available means of transportation; and
        (3) any available alternatives to alleviate the
    
hardship other than the return of the seized conveyance.
    If the court determines that a substantial hardship has been proven, the court shall then balance the nature of the hardship against the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance. If the court determines that the hardship outweighs the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance, the court may temporarily release the conveyance to the registered owner or the registered owner's authorized designee, or both, until the conclusion of the forfeiture proceedings or for such shorter period as ordered by the court provided that the person to whom the conveyance is released provides proof of insurance and a valid driver's license and all State and local registrations for operation of the conveyance are current. The court shall place conditions on the conveyance limiting its use to the stated hardship and providing transportation for employment, religious purposes, medical needs, child care, and obtaining food, and restricting the conveyance's use to only those individuals authorized to use the conveyance by the registered owner. The use of the vehicle shall be further restricted to exclude all recreational and entertainment purposes. The court may order any additional restrictions it deems reasonable and just on its own motion or on motion of the People. The court shall revoke the order releasing the conveyance and order that the conveyance be reseized by law enforcement if the conditions of release are violated or if the conveyance is used in the commission of any offense identified in subsection (a) of Section 6-205 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    If the court orders the release of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings, the court may order the registered owner or his or her authorized designee to post a cash security with the Clerk of the Court as ordered by the court. If cash security is ordered, the court shall consider the following factors in determining the amount of the cash security:
        (A) the full market value of the conveyance;
        (B) the nature of the hardship;
        (C) the extent and length of the usage of the
    
conveyance;
        (D) the ability of the owner or designee to pay; and
        (E) other conditions as the court deems necessary to
    
safeguard the conveyance.
    If the conveyance is released, the court shall order that the registered owner or his or her designee safeguard the conveyance, not remove the conveyance from the jurisdiction, not conceal, destroy, or otherwise dispose of the conveyance, not encumber the conveyance, and not diminish the value of the conveyance in any way. The court shall also make a determination of the full market value of the conveyance prior to it being released based on a source or sources defined in 50 Ill. Adm. Code 919.80(c)(2)(A) or 919.80(c)(2)(B).
     If the conveyance subject to forfeiture is released under this Section and is subsequently forfeited, the person to whom the conveyance was released shall return the conveyance to the law enforcement agency that seized the conveyance within 7 days from the date of the declaration of forfeiture or order of forfeiture. If the conveyance is not returned within 7 days, the cash security shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. If the cash security was less than the full market value, a judgment shall be entered against the parties to whom the conveyance was released and the registered owner, jointly and severally, for the difference between the full market value and the amount of the cash security. If the conveyance is returned in a condition other than the condition in which it was released, the cash security shall be returned to the surety who posted the security minus the amount of the diminished value, and that amount shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. Additionally, the court may enter an order allowing any law enforcement agency in the State of Illinois to seize the conveyance wherever it may be found in the State to satisfy the judgment if the cash security was less than the full market value of the conveyance.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/4

    (725 ILCS 150/4) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1674)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 4. Notice to owner or interest holder.
    (A) Whenever notice of pending forfeiture or service of an in rem complaint is required under the provisions of this Act, such notice or service shall be given as follows:
        (1) If the owner's or interest holder's name and
    
current address are known, then by either personal service or mailing a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested, to that address. For purposes of notice under this Section, if a person has been arrested for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, then the address provided to the arresting agency at the time of arrest shall be deemed to be that person's known address. Provided, however, if an owner or interest holder's address changes prior to the effective date of the notice of pending forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the seizing agency of the change in address or, if the owner or interest holder's address changes subsequent to the effective date of the notice of pending forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the State's Attorney of the change in address; or
        (2) If the property seized is a conveyance, to the
    
address reflected in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded, then by mailing a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested, to that address; or
        (3) If the owner's or interest holder's address is
    
not known, and is not on record as provided in paragraph (2), then by publication for 3 successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the seizure occurred.
    (B) Notice served under this Act is effective upon personal service, the last date of publication, or the mailing of written notice, whichever is earlier.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382; 87-614.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 4. Notice to owner or interest holder. The first attempted service shall be commenced within 28 days of the filing of the verified claim or the receipt of the notice from seizing agency by the form 4-64, whichever occurs sooner. A complaint for forfeiture or a notice of pending forfeiture shall be served upon the property owner or interest holder in the following manner:
        (1) If the owner's or interest holder's name and
    
current address are known, then by either:
            (A) personal service; or
            (B) mailing a copy of the notice by certified
        
mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address.
                (i) If notice is sent by certified mail and
            
no signed return receipt is received by the State's Attorney within 28 days of mailing, and no communication from the owner or interest holder is received by the State's Attorney documenting actual notice by said parties, then the State's Attorney shall, within a reasonable period of time, mail a second copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address.
                (ii) If no signed return receipt is received
            
by the State's Attorney within 28 days of the second attempt at service by certified mail, and no communication from the owner or interest holder is received by the State's Attorney documenting actual notice by said parties, then the State's Attorney shall have 60 days to attempt to serve the notice by personal service, which also includes substitute service by leaving a copy at the usual place of abode, with some person of the family or a person residing there, of the age of 13 years or upwards. If after 3 attempts at service in this manner, no service of the notice is accomplished, then the notice shall be posted in a conspicuous manner at this address and service shall be made by posting.
                The attempts at service and the posting if
            
required, shall be documented by the person attempting service and said documentation shall be made part of a return of service returned to the State's Attorney.
                The State's Attorney may utilize any Sheriff
            
or Deputy Sheriff any peace officer, a private process server or investigator, or any employee, agent, or investigator of the State's Attorney's Office to attempt service without seeking leave of court.
                After the procedures set forth are followed,
            
service shall be effective on an owner or interest holder on the date of receipt by the State's Attorney of a returned return receipt requested, or on the date of receipt of a communication from an owner or interest holder documenting actual notice, whichever is first in time, or on the date of the last act performed by the State's Attorney in attempting personal service under subparagraph (ii) above. If notice is to be shown by actual notice from communication with a claimant, then the State's Attorney shall file an affidavit providing details of the communication, which may be accepted as sufficient proof of service by the court.
                After a claimant files a verified claim with
            
the State's Attorney and provide an address at which they will accept service, the complaint shall be served and notice shall be perfected upon mailing of the complaint to the claimant at the address the claimant provided via certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail. No return receipt card need be received, or any other attempts at service need be made to comply with service and notice requirements under this Act. This certified mailing, return receipt requested shall be proof of service of the complaint on the claimant.
                For purposes of notice under this Section, if
            
a person has been arrested for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, then the address provided to the arresting agency at the time of arrest shall be deemed to be that person's known address. Provided, however, if an owner or interest holder's address changes prior to the effective date of the notice of pending forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the seizing agency of the change in address or, if the owner or interest holder's address changes subsequent to the effective date of the notice of pending forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the State's Attorney of the change in address; or if the property seized is a conveyance, to the address reflected in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded.
        (2) If the owner's or interest holder's address is
    
not known, and is not on record, then notice shall be served by publication for 3 successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the seizure occurred.
        (3) After a claimant files a verified claim with the
    
State's Attorney and provides an address at which they will accept service, the complaint shall be served and notice shall be perfected upon mailing of the complaint to the claimant at the address the claimant provided via certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail. No return receipt card need be received or any other attempts at service need be made to comply with service and notice requirements under this Act. This certified mailing, return receipt requested shall be proof of service of the complaint on the claimant.
        (4) Notice to any business entity, corporation, LLC,
    
LLP, or partnership shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice is complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested".
        (5) Notice to a person whose address is not within
    
the State shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice is complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested".
        (6) Notice to a person whose address is not within
    
the United States shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice shall be complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested". If certified mail is not available in the foreign country where the person has an address, then notice shall proceed by publication under paragraph (2) of this Section.
        (7) Notice to any person whom the State's Attorney
    
reasonably should know is incarcerated within the State shall also include the mailing a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to the address of the detention facility with the inmate's name clearly marked on the envelope.
    (A) (Blank).
    (B) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/5

    (725 ILCS 150/5) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1675)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 5. Notice to State's Attorney. The law enforcement agency seizing property for forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall, within 52 days of seizure, notify the State's Attorney for the county in which an act or omission giving rise to the forfeiture occurred or in which the property was seized of the seizure of the property and the facts and circumstances giving rise to the seizure and shall provide the State's Attorney with the inventory of the property and its estimated value. When the property seized for forfeiture is a vehicle, the law enforcement agency seizing the property shall immediately notify the Secretary of State that forfeiture proceedings are pending regarding such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 5. Notice to State's Attorney. The law enforcement agency seizing property for forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or the Illinois Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act shall, as soon as practicable but not later than 28 days after the seizure, notify the State's Attorney for the county in which an act or omission giving rise to the seizure occurred or in which the property was seized of the seizure of the property and the facts and circumstances giving rise to the seizure and shall provide the State's Attorney with the inventory of the property and its estimated value. Said notice shall be by the delivery of the form 4-64. When the property seized for forfeiture is a vehicle, the law enforcement agency seizing the property shall immediately notify the Secretary of State that forfeiture proceedings are pending regarding such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/5.1

    (725 ILCS 150/5.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 5.1. Replevin prohibited; return of personal property inside seized conveyance.
    (a) Property seized under this Act shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the Director of State Police subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney.
    (b) A claimant or a party interested in personal property contained within a seized conveyance may file a request with the State's Attorney in an administrative forfeiture action, or a motion with the court in a judicial forfeiture action, for the return of any personal property contained within a conveyance seized under this Act. The return of personal property shall not be unreasonably withheld if the personal property is not mechanically or electrically coupled to the conveyance, needed for evidentiary purposes, or otherwise contraband. A law enforcement agency that returns property under a court order under this Section shall not be liable to any person who claims ownership to the property if the property is returned to an improper party.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/6

    (725 ILCS 150/6) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1676)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 6. Non-judicial forfeiture. If non-real property that exceeds $150,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance, or if real property is seized under the provisions of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, the State's Attorney shall institute judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings as described in Section 9 of this Act within 45 days from receipt of notice of seizure from the seizing agency under Section 5 of this Act. However, if non-real property that does not exceed $150,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance is seized, the following procedure shall be used:
        (A) If, after review of the facts surrounding the
    
seizure, the State's Attorney is of the opinion that the seized property is subject to forfeiture, then within 45 days of the receipt of notice of seizure from the seizing agency, the State's Attorney shall cause notice of pending forfeiture to be given to the owner of the property and all known interest holders of the property in accordance with Section 4 of this Act.
        (B) The notice of pending forfeiture must include a
    
description of the property, the estimated value of the property, the date and place of seizure, the conduct giving rise to forfeiture or the violation of law alleged, and a summary of procedures and procedural rights applicable to the forfeiture action.
         (C)(1) Any person claiming an interest in property
    
which is the subject of notice under subsection (A) of Section 6 of this Act, may, within 45 days after the effective date of notice as described in Section 4 of this Act, file a verified claim with the State's Attorney expressing his or her interest in the property. The claim must set forth:
            (i) the caption of the proceedings as set forth
        
on the notice of pending forfeiture and the name of the claimant;
            (ii) the address at which the claimant will
        
accept mail;
            (iii) the nature and extent of the claimant's
        
interest in the property;
            (iv) the date, identity of the transferor, and
        
circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the interest in the property;
            (v) the name and address of all other persons
        
known to have an interest in the property;
            (vi) the specific provision of law relied on in
        
asserting the property is not subject to forfeiture;
            (vii) all essential facts supporting each
        
assertion; and
            (viii) the relief sought.
         (2) If a claimant files the claim and deposits with
    
the State's Attorney a cost bond, in the form of a cashier's check payable to the clerk of the court, in the sum of 10 percent of the reasonable value of the property as alleged by the State's Attorney or the sum of $100, whichever is greater, upon condition that, in the case of forfeiture, the claimant must pay all costs and expenses of forfeiture proceedings, then the State's Attorney shall institute judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings and deposit the cost bond with the clerk of the court as described in Section 9 of this Act within 45 days after receipt of the claim and cost bond. In lieu of a cost bond, a person claiming interest in the seized property may file, under penalty of perjury, an indigency affidavit.
         (3) If none of the seized property is forfeited in
    
the judicial in rem proceeding, the clerk of the court shall return to the claimant, unless the court orders otherwise, 90% of the sum which has been deposited and shall retain as costs 10% of the money deposited. If any of the seized property is forfeited under the judicial forfeiture proceeding, the clerk of the court shall transfer 90% of the sum which has been deposited to the State's Attorney prosecuting the civil forfeiture to be applied to the costs of prosecution and the clerk shall retain as costs 10% of the sum deposited.
        (D) If no claim is filed or bond given within the 45
    
day period as described in subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act, the State's Attorney shall declare the property forfeited and shall promptly notify the owner and all known interest holders of the property and the Director of the Illinois Department of State Police of the declaration of forfeiture and the Director shall dispose of the property in accordance with law.
(Source: P.A. 97-544, eff. 1-1-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 6. Non-judicial forfeiture. If non-real property that exceeds $150,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance, or if real property is seized under the provisions of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, the State's Attorney shall institute judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings as described in Section 9 of this Act within 45 days from receipt of notice of seizure from the seizing agency under Section 5 of this Act. However, if non-real property that does not exceed $150,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance is seized, the following procedure shall be used:
        (A) If, after review of the facts surrounding the
    
seizure, the State's Attorney is of the opinion that the seized property is subject to forfeiture, then within 45 days of the receipt of notice of seizure from the seizing agency, the State's Attorney shall cause notice of pending forfeiture to be given to the owner of the property and all known interest holders of the property in accordance with Section 4 of this Act.
        (B) The notice of pending forfeiture must include a
    
description of the property, the estimated value of the property, the date and place of seizure, the conduct giving rise to forfeiture or the violation of law alleged, and a summary of procedures and procedural rights applicable to the forfeiture action.
         (C)(1) Any person claiming an interest in property
    
which is the subject of notice under subsection (A) of Section 6 of this Act, may, within 45 days after the effective date of notice as described in Section 4 of this Act, file a verified claim with the State's Attorney expressing his or her interest in the property. The claim must set forth:
            (i) the caption of the proceedings as set forth
        
on the notice of pending forfeiture and the name of the claimant;
            (ii) the address at which the claimant will
        
accept mail;
            (iii) the nature and extent of the claimant's
        
interest in the property;
            (iv) the date, identity of the transferor, and
        
circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the interest in the property;
            (v) the name and address of all other persons
        
known to have an interest in the property;
            (vi) the specific provision of law relied on in
        
asserting the property is not subject to forfeiture;
            (vii) all essential facts supporting each
        
assertion; and
            (viii) the relief sought.
         (2) If a claimant files the claim then the State's
    
Attorney shall institute judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings within 30 days after receipt of the claim..
        (D) If no claim is filed within the 45 day period as
    
described in subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act, the State's Attorney shall declare the property forfeited and shall promptly notify the owner and all known interest holders of the property and the Director of the Illinois Department of State Police of the declaration of forfeiture and the Director shall dispose of the property in accordance with law.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/7

    (725 ILCS 150/7) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1677)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 7. Presumptions. The following situations shall give rise to a presumption that the property described therein was furnished or intended to be furnished in exchange for a substance in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or is the proceeds of such an exchange, and therefore forfeitable under this Act, such presumptions being rebuttable by a preponderance of the evidence:
    (1) All moneys, coin, or currency found in close proximity to forfeitable substances, to forfeitable drug manufacturing or distributing paraphernalia, or to forfeitable records of the importation, manufacture or distribution of substances;
    (2) All property acquired or caused to be acquired by a person either between the dates of occurrence of two or more acts in felony violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or an act committed in another state, territory or country which would be punishable as a felony under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, committed by that person within 5 years of each other, or all property acquired by such person within a reasonable amount of time after the commission of such acts if:
        (a) At least one of the above acts was committed
    
after the effective date of this Act; and
        (b) At least one of the acts is or was punishable as
    
a Class X, Class 1, or Class 2 felony; and
        (c) There was no likely source for such property
    
other than a violation of the above Acts.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 7. Presumptions and inferences.
    (1) The following situation shall give rise to a presumption that the property described therein was furnished or intended to be furnished in exchange for a substance in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or is the proceeds of such an exchange, and therefore forfeitable under this Act, such presumptions being rebuttable by a preponderance of the evidence:
    All moneys, coin, or currency found in close proximity to forfeitable substances, to forfeitable drug manufacturing or distributing paraphernalia, or to forfeitable records of the importation, manufacture or distribution of substances.
    (2) In the following situation, the trier of fact may infer that the property described therein was furnished or intended to be furnished in exchange for a substance in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or is the proceeds of such an exchange, and therefore forfeitable under this Act:
    All property acquired or caused to be acquired by a person either between the dates of occurrence of two or more acts in felony violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or an act committed in another state, territory or country which would be punishable as a felony under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, committed by that person within 5 years of each other, or all property acquired by such person within a reasonable amount of time after the commission of such acts if:
        (a) At least one of the above acts was committed
    
after the effective date of this Act; and
        (b) Both of the acts are or were punishable as a
    
Class X, Class 1, or Class 2 felony; and
        (c) There was no likely source for such property
    
other than a violation of the above Acts.
    (3) Presumptions and permissive inferences set forth in this Section shall apply to all portions of all phases of the judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/8

    (725 ILCS 150/8) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1678)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 8. Exemptions from forfeiture. A property interest is exempt from forfeiture under this Section if its owner or interest holder establishes by a preponderance of evidence that the owner or interest holder:
    (A)(i) in the case of personal property, is not legally accountable for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, did not acquiesce in it, and did not know and could not reasonably have known of the conduct or that the conduct was likely to occur, or
    (ii) in the case of real property, is not legally accountable for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, or did not solicit, conspire, or attempt to commit the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture; and
    (B) had not acquired and did not stand to acquire substantial proceeds from the conduct giving rise to its forfeiture other than as an interest holder in an arms length commercial transaction; and
    (C) with respect to conveyances, did not hold the property jointly or in common with a person whose conduct gave rise to the forfeiture; and
    (D) does not hold the property for the benefit of or as nominee for any person whose conduct gave rise to its forfeiture, and, if the owner or interest holder acquired the interest through any such person, the owner or interest holder acquired it as a bona fide purchaser for value without knowingly taking part in the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture; and
    (E) that the owner or interest holder acquired the interest:
    (i) before the commencement of the conduct giving rise to its forfeiture and the person whose conduct gave rise to its forfeiture did not have the authority to convey the interest to a bona fide purchaser for value at the time of the conduct; or
    (ii) after the commencement of the conduct giving rise to its forfeiture, and the owner or interest holder acquired the interest as a mortgagee, secured creditor, lienholder, or bona fide purchaser for value without knowledge of the conduct which gave rise to the forfeiture; and
    (a) in the case of personal property, without knowledge of the seizure of the property for forfeiture; or
    (b) in the case of real estate, before the filing in the office of the Recorder of Deeds of the county in which the real estate is located of a notice of seizure for forfeiture or a lis pendens notice.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 8. Exemptions from forfeiture.
    (a) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier may be forfeited under this Act unless the State proves by a preponderance of the evidence that:
        (1) in the case of a railway car or engine, the
    
owner, or
        (2) in the case of any other such vessel or
    
watercraft, vehicle or aircraft, the owner or the master of such vessel or watercraft or the owner or conductor, driver, pilot, or other person in charge of that vehicle or aircraft was at the time of the alleged illegal act a consenting party or privy to that knowledge.
    (b) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft shall be forfeited under this Act by reason of any act or omission committed or omitted by any person other than such owner while a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft was unlawfully in the possession of a person who acquired possession in violation of the criminal laws of the United States, or of any state.
    (A) (blank); and
    (B) (blank); and
    (C) (blank); and
    (D) (blank); and
    (E) (blank); and
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/9

    (725 ILCS 150/9) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1679)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 9. Judicial in rem procedures. If property seized under the provisions of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act is non-real property that exceeds $20,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance, or is real property, or a claimant has filed a claim and a cost bond under subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act, the following judicial in rem procedures shall apply:
    (A) If, after a review of the facts surrounding the seizure, the State's Attorney is of the opinion that the seized property is subject to forfeiture, then within 45 days of the receipt of notice of seizure by the seizing agency or the filing of the claim and cost bond, whichever is later, the State's Attorney shall institute judicial forfeiture proceedings by filing a verified complaint for forfeiture and, if the claimant has filed a claim and cost bond, by depositing the cost bond with the clerk of the court. When authorized by law, a forfeiture must be ordered by a court on an action in rem brought by a State's Attorney under a verified complaint for forfeiture.
    (B) During the probable cause portion of the judicial in rem proceeding wherein the State presents its case-in-chief, the court must receive and consider, among other things, all relevant hearsay evidence and information. The laws of evidence relating to civil actions shall apply to all other portions of the judicial in rem proceeding.
    (C) Only an owner of or interest holder in the property may file an answer asserting a claim against the property in the action in rem. For purposes of this Section, the owner or interest holder shall be referred to as claimant.
    (D) The answer must be signed by the owner or interest holder under penalty of perjury and must set forth:
        (i) the caption of the proceedings as set forth on
    
the notice of pending forfeiture and the name of the claimant;
        (ii) the address at which the claimant will accept
    
mail;
        (iii) the nature and extent of the claimant's
    
interest in the property;
        (iv) the date, identity of transferor, and
    
circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the interest in the property;
        (v) the name and address of all other persons known
    
to have an interest in the property;
        (vi) the specific provisions of Section 8 of this Act
    
relied on in asserting it is not subject to forfeiture;
        (vii) all essential facts supporting each assertion;
    
and
        (viii) the precise relief sought.
    (E) The answer must be filed with the court within 45 days after service of the civil in rem complaint.
    (F) The hearing must be held within 60 days after filing of the answer unless continued for good cause.
    (G) The State shall show the existence of probable cause for forfeiture of the property. If the State shows probable cause, the claimant has the burden of showing by a preponderance of the evidence that the claimant's interest in the property is not subject to forfeiture.
    (H) If the State does not show existence of probable cause or a claimant has established by a preponderance of evidence that the claimant has an interest that is exempt under Section 8 of this Act, the court shall order the interest in the property returned or conveyed to the claimant and shall order all other property forfeited to the State. If the State does show existence of probable cause and the claimant does not establish by a preponderance of evidence that the claimant has an interest that is exempt under Section 8 of this Act, the court shall order all property forfeited to the State.
    (I) A defendant convicted in any criminal proceeding is precluded from later denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense of which the defendant was convicted in any proceeding under this Act regardless of the pendency of an appeal from that conviction. However, evidence of the pendency of an appeal is admissible.
    (J) An acquittal or dismissal in a criminal proceeding shall not preclude civil proceedings under this Act; however, for good cause shown, on a motion by the State's Attorney, the court may stay civil forfeiture proceedings during the criminal trial for a related criminal indictment or information alleging a violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act. Such a stay shall not be available pending an appeal. Property subject to forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall not be subject to return or release by a court exercising jurisdiction over a criminal case involving the seizure of such property unless such return or release is consented to by the State's Attorney.
    (K) All property declared forfeited under this Act vests in this State on the commission of the conduct giving rise to forfeiture together with the proceeds of the property after that time. Any such property or proceeds subsequently transferred to any person remain subject to forfeiture and thereafter shall be ordered forfeited unless the transferee claims and establishes in a hearing under the provisions of this Act that the transferee's interest is exempt under Section 8 of this Act.
    (L) A civil action under this Act must be commenced within 5 years after the last conduct giving rise to forfeiture became known or should have become known or 5 years after the forfeitable property is discovered, whichever is later, excluding any time during which either the property or claimant is out of the State or in confinement or during which criminal proceedings relating to the same conduct are in progress.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 9. Judicial in rem procedures. If property seized under the provisions of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act is non-real property that exceeds $150,000 in value excluding the value of any conveyance, or is real property, or a claimant has filed a claim and a cost bond under subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act, the following judicial in rem procedures shall apply:
    (A) If, after a review of the facts surrounding the seizure, the State's Attorney is of the opinion that the seized property is subject to forfeiture, the State's Attorney shall institute judicial forfeiture proceedings by filing a verified complaint for forfeiture in the circuit court within whose jurisdiction the seizure occurred, or within whose jurisdiction an act or omission giving rise to the seizure occurred, subject to Supreme Court Rule 187. The complaint of forfeiture shall be filed as soon as practicable, but not later than 28 days after the filing of a verified claim by a claimant if the property was acted upon under a non-judicial forfeiture action, or 28 days after the State's Attorney receives notice from the seizing agency as provided under Section 5 of this Act, whichever occurs later. When authorized by law, a forfeiture must be ordered by a court on an action in rem brought by a State's Attorney under a verified complaint for forfeiture.
    (A-5) If the State's Attorney finds that the alleged violation of law giving rise to the seizure was incurred without willful negligence or without any intention on the part of the owner of the property to violate the law or finds the existence of those mitigating circumstances to justify remission of the forfeiture, may cause the law enforcement agency having custody of the property to return the property to the owner within a reasonable time not to exceed 7 days. The State's Attorney shall exercise his or her discretion prior to or promptly after the preliminary review under Section 3.5 of this Act. Judicial in rem forfeiture proceedings under this Act shall be subject to the Code of Civil Procedure and the rules of evidence relating to civil actions.
    (A-10) A complaint of forfeiture shall include:
        (1) a description of the property seized;
        (2) the date and place of seizure of the property;
        (3) the name and address of the law enforcement
    
agency making the seizure; and
        (4) the specific statutory and factual grounds for
    
the seizure.
    The complaint shall be served upon the person from whom the property was seized and all persons known or reasonably believed by the State to claim an interest in the property, as provided in Section 4 of this Act. The complaint shall be accompanied by the following written notice:
    "This is a civil court proceeding subject to the Code of
    
Civil Procedure. You received this Complaint of Forfeiture because the State's Attorney's office has brought a legal action seeking forfeiture of your seized property. This complaint starts the court process where the state seeks to prove that your property should be forfeited and not returned to you. This process is also your opportunity to try to prove to a judge that you should get your property back. The complaint lists the date, time, and location of your first court date. You must appear in court on that day, or you may lose the case automatically. You must also file an appearance and answer. If you are unable to pay the appearance fee, you may qualify to have the fee waived. If there is a criminal case related to the seizure of your property, your case may be set for trial after the criminal case has been resolved. Before trial, the judge may allow discovery, where the State can ask you to respond in writing to questions and give them certain documents, and you can make similar requests of the State. The trial is your opportunity to explain what happened when your property was seized and why you should get the property back."
    (B) The laws of evidence relating to civil actions shall apply to all other proceedings under this Act except that the parties shall be allowed to use, and the court must receive and consider, all relevant hearsay evidence which relates to evidentiary foundation, chain of custody, business records, recordings, laboratory analysis, laboratory reports, and the use of technology in the investigation that resulted in the seizure of the property which is subject to this forfeiture action.
    (C) Only an owner of or interest holder in the property may file an answer asserting a claim against the property in the action in rem. For purposes of this Section, the owner or interest holder shall be referred to as claimant. A person not named in the forfeiture complaint who claims to have an interest in the property may petition to intervene as a claimant under Section 2-408 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (D) The answer must be signed by the owner or interest holder under penalty of perjury and must set forth:
        (i) the caption of the proceedings as set forth on
    
the notice of pending forfeiture and the name of the claimant;
        (ii) the address at which the claimant will accept
    
mail;
        (iii) the nature and extent of the claimant's
    
interest in the property;
        (iv) the date, identity of transferor, and
    
circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the interest in the property;
        (v) the name and address of all other persons known
    
to have an interest in the property;
        (vi) the specific provisions of Section 8 of this Act
    
relied on in asserting it is exempt from forfeiture, if applicable;
        (vii) all essential facts supporting each assertion;
        (viii) the precise relief sought; and
        (ix) in a forfeiture action involving currency or
    
its equivalent, a claimant shall provide the State with notice of their intent to allege that the currency or its equivalent is not related to the alleged factual basis for the forfeiture, and why.
    (E) The answer must be filed with the court within 45 days after service of the civil in rem complaint.
    (F) The trial shall be held within 60 days after filing of the answer unless continued for good cause.
    (G) The State, in its case in chief shall show by a preponderance of the evidence the property is subject to forfeiture; and at least one of the following:
        (i) In the case of personal property, including
    
conveyances:
            (a) that the claimant was legally accountable for
        
the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture;
            (b) that the claimant knew or reasonably should
        
have known of the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture;
            (c) that the claimant knew or reasonably should
        
have known that the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture was likely to occur;
            (d) that the claimant held the property for the
        
benefit of, or as nominee for, any person whose conduct gave rise to its forfeiture;
            (e) that if the claimant acquired their interest
        
through any person engaging in any of the conduct described above or conduct giving rise to the forfeiture:
                (1) the claimant did not acquire it as a bona
            
fide purchaser for value, or
                (2) the claimant acquired the interest under
            
such circumstances that they reasonably should have known the property was derived from, or used in, the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture; or
            (f) that the claimant is not the true owner of
        
the property;
            (g) that the claimant acquired the interest:
                (1) before the commencement of the conduct
            
giving rise to the forfeiture and the person whose conduct gave rise to the forfeiture did not have authority to convey the interest to a bona fide purchaser for value at the time of the conduct; or
                (2) after the commencement of the conduct
            
giving rise to the forfeiture and the owner or interest holder acquired the interest as a mortgagee, secured creditor, lienholder, or bona fide purchaser for value without knowledge of the conduct which gave rise to the forfeiture, and without the knowledge of the seizure of the property for forfeiture.
        (ii) In the case of real property:
            (a) that the claimant was legally accountable for
        
the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture;
            (b) that the claimant solicited, conspired, or
        
attempted to commit the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture; or
            (c) that the claimant had acquired or stood to
        
acquire substantial proceeds from the conduct giving rise to its forfeiture other than as an interest holder in an arm's length transaction;
            (d) that the claimant is not the true owner of
        
the property;
            (e) that the claimant acquired the interest:
                (1) before the commencement of the conduct
            
giving rise to the forfeiture and the person whose conduct gave rise to the forfeiture did not have authority to convey the interest to a bona fide purchaser for value at the time of the conduct; or
                (2) after the commencement of the conduct
            
giving rise to the forfeiture and the owner or interest holder acquired the interest as a mortgagee, secured creditor, lienholder, or bona fide purchaser for value without knowledge of the conduct which gave rise to the forfeiture, and before the filing in the office of the recorder of deeds of the county in which the real estate is located a notice of seizure for forfeiture or a lis pendens notice.
    (G-5) If the property that is the subject of the forfeiture proceeding is currency or its equivalent, the State, in its case in chief, shall show by a preponderance of the evidence that the property is subject to forfeiture. If the State makes that showing, the claimant shall have the burden of production to set forth evidence that the currency or its equivalent is not related to the alleged factual basis of the forfeiture. After the production of evidence, the State shall maintain the burden of proof to overcome this assertion.
    (G-10) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, the State's burden of proof at the trial of the forfeiture action shall be by clear and convincing evidence if:
        (1) a finding of not guilty is entered as to all
    
counts and all defendants in a criminal proceeding relating to the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture action; or
        (2) the State receives an adverse finding at a
    
preliminary hearing and fails to secure an indictment in a criminal proceeding related to the factual allegations of the forfeiture action.
    (H) If the State does not meet its burden of proof, the court shall order the interest in the property returned or conveyed to the claimant and shall order all other property as to which the State does meet its burden of proof forfeited to the State. If the State does meet its burden of proof the court shall order all property forfeited to the State.
    (I) A defendant convicted in any criminal proceeding is precluded from later denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense of which the defendant was convicted in any proceeding under this Act regardless of the pendency of an appeal from that conviction. However, evidence of the pendency of an appeal is admissible.
    (J) An acquittal or dismissal in a criminal proceeding shall not preclude civil proceedings under this Act; however, for good cause shown, on a motion by the State's Attorney, the court may stay civil forfeiture proceedings during the criminal trial for a related criminal indictment or information alleging a violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act. Such a stay shall not be available pending an appeal. Property subject to forfeiture under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act shall not be subject to return or release by a court exercising jurisdiction over a criminal case involving the seizure of such property unless such return or release is consented to by the State's Attorney.
    (K) Title to all property declared forfeited under this Act vests in this State on the commission of the conduct giving rise to forfeiture together with the proceeds of the property after that time. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, any such property or proceeds subsequently transferred to any person remain subject to forfeiture unless a person to whom the property was transferred makes an appropriate claim under this Act and has their claim adjudicated in the judicial in rem proceeding.
    (L) A civil action under this Act must be commenced within 5 years after the last conduct giving rise to forfeiture became known or should have become known or 5 years after the forfeitable property is discovered, whichever is later, excluding any time during which either the property or claimant is out of the State or in confinement or during which criminal proceedings relating to the same conduct are in progress.
    (M) No property shall be forfeited under this Act from a person who, without actual or constructive notice that the property was the subject of forfeiture proceedings, obtained possession of the property as a bona fide purchaser for value. A person who purports to transfer property after receiving actual or constructive notice that the property is subject to seizure or forfeiture is guilty of contempt of court and shall be liable to the State for a penalty in the amount of the fair market value of the property.
    (N) If property is ordered forfeited under this Act from a claimant who held title to the property in joint tenancy or tenancy in common with another claimant, the court shall determine the amount of each owner's interest in the property according to principles of property law.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/9.1

    (725 ILCS 150/9.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 9.1. Innocent owner hearing.
    (a) After a complaint for forfeiture is filed and all claimants have appeared and answered, a claimant may file a motion with the court for an innocent owner hearing prior to trial. This motion shall be made and supported by sworn affidavit and shall assert the following along with specific facts which support each assertion:
        (1) that the claimant filing the motion is the true
    
owner of the conveyance as interpreted by case law;
        (2) that the claimant was not legally accountable for
    
the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture or acquiesced in the conduct;
        (3) that the claimant did not solicit, conspire, or
    
attempt to commit the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture;
        (4) that the claimant did not know or did they have
    
reason to know that the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture was likely to occur; and
        (5) that the claimant did not hold the property for
    
the benefit of, or as nominee for any person whose conduct gave rise to its forfeiture, or if the owner or interest holder acquired the interest through any such person, the owner or interest holder did not acquire it as a bona fide purchaser for value, or acquired the interest without knowledge of the seizure of the property for forfeiture.
    (b) The claimant's motion shall include specific facts supporting these assertions.
    (c) Upon this filing, a hearing may only be held after the parties have been given the opportunity to conduct limited discovery as to the ownership and control of the property, the claimant's knowledge, or any matter relevant to the issues raised or facts alleged in the claimant's motion. Discovery shall be limited to the People's requests in these areas but may proceed by any means allowed in the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (d) After discovery is complete and the court has allowed for sufficient time to review and investigate the discovery responses, the court shall conduct a hearing. At the hearing, the fact that the property is subject to forfeiture shall not be at issue. The court shall only hear evidence relating to the issue of innocent ownership.
    (e) At the hearing on the motion, the claimant shall bear the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence each of the assertions set forth in subsection (a) of this Section.
    (f) If a claimant meets their burden of proof, the court shall grant the motion and order the property returned to the claimant. If the claimant fails to meet their burden of proof, then the court shall deny the motion and the forfeiture case shall proceed according to the Rules of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/9.5

    (725 ILCS 150/9.5)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 9.5. Proportionality. Property forfeited under this Act shall be subject to an 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution disproportionate penalties analysis and the property forfeiture may be denied in whole or in part if the court finds that the forfeiture would constitute an excessive fine in violation of the 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution, as interpreted by case law.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/10

    (725 ILCS 150/10) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1680)
    Sec. 10. Stay of time periods. If property is seized for evidence and for forfeiture, the time periods for instituting judicial and non-judicial forfeiture proceedings shall not begin until the property is no longer necessary for evidence.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)

725 ILCS 150/11

    (725 ILCS 150/11) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1681)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 11. Settlement of claims. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Act, the State's Attorney and a claimant of seized property may enter into an agreed-upon settlement concerning the seized property in such an amount and upon such terms as are set out in writing in a settlement agreement.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 11. Settlement of claims. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Act, the State's Attorney and a claimant of seized property may enter into an agreed-upon settlement concerning the seized property in such an amount and upon such terms as are set out in writing in a settlement agreement. All proceeds from a settlement agreement shall be tendered to the Department of State Police and distributed in accordance with the provisions of Section 17 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/12

    (725 ILCS 150/12) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1682)
    Sec. 12. Nothing in this Act shall apply to property which constitutes reasonable bona fide attorney's fees paid to an attorney for services rendered or to be rendered in the forfeiture proceeding or criminal proceeding relating directly thereto where such property was paid before its seizure, before the issuance of any seizure warrant or court order prohibiting transfer of the property and where the attorney, at the time he or she received the property did not know that it was property subject to forfeiture under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)

725 ILCS 150/13

    (725 ILCS 150/13) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1683)
    Sec. 13. Construction. It shall be the intent of the General Assembly that the forfeiture provisions of this Act be liberally construed so as to effect their remedial purpose. The forfeiture of property and other remedies hereunder shall be considered to be in addition, and not exclusive of any sentence or other remedy provided by law.
(Source: P.A. 86-1382.)

725 ILCS 150/14

    (725 ILCS 150/14) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1684)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 14. Judicial review. If property has been declared forfeited under Section 6 of this Act, any person who has an interest in the property declared forfeited may, within 30 days of the effective date of the notice of the declaration of forfeiture, file a claim and cost bond as described in subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act. If a claim and cost bond is filed under this Section, then the procedures described in Section 9 of this Act shall apply.
(Source: P.A. 87-614.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 14. Judicial review. If property has been declared forfeited under Section 6 of this Act, any person who has an interest in the property declared forfeited may, within 30 days of the effective date of the notice of the declaration of forfeiture, file a claim as described in subsection (C) of Section 6 of this Act. If a claim is filed under this Section, then the procedures described in Section 9 of this Act shall apply.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/15

    (725 ILCS 150/15)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 15. Return of property, damages, and costs.
    (a) The law enforcement agency that holds custody of property seized for forfeiture shall deliver property ordered by the court to be returned or conveyed to the claimant within a reasonable time not to exceed 7 days, unless the order is stayed by the trial court or a reviewing court pending an appeal, motion to reconsider, or other reason.
    (b) The law enforcement agency that holds custody of property described in subsection (a) of this Section is responsible for any damages, storage fees, and related costs applicable to property returned. The claimant shall not be subject to any charges by the State for storage of the property or expenses incurred in the preservation of the property. Charges for the towing of a conveyance shall be borne by the claimant unless the conveyance was towed for the sole reason of seizure for forfeiture. This Section does not prohibit the imposition of any fees or costs by a home rule unit of local government related to the impoundment of a conveyance pursuant to an ordinance enacted by the unit of government.
    (c) A law enforcement agency shall not retain forfeited property for its own use or transfer the property to any person or entity, except as provided under this Section. A law enforcement agency may apply in writing to the Director of State Police to request that a forfeited property be awarded to the agency for a specifically articulated official law enforcement use in an investigation. The Director of State Police shall provide a written justification in each instance detailing the reasons why the forfeited property was placed into official use and the justification shall be retained for a period of not less than 3 years.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/17

    (725 ILCS 150/17)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 17. Distribution of proceeds; selling or retaining seized property prohibited.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the court shall order that property forfeited under this Act be delivered to the Department of State Police within 60 days.
    (b) All monies and the sale proceeds of all other property forfeited and seized under this Act shall be distributed as follows:
        (1)(i) 65% shall be distributed to the metropolitan
    
enforcement group, local, municipal, county, or state law enforcement agency or agencies which conducted or participated in the investigation resulting in the forfeiture. The distribution shall bear a reasonable relationship to the degree of direct participation of the law enforcement agency in the effort resulting in the forfeiture, taking into account the total value of the property forfeited and the total law enforcement effort with respect to the violation of the law upon which the forfeiture is based. Amounts distributed to the agency or agencies shall be used for the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances; for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence, except that amounts distributed to the Secretary of State shall be deposited into the Secretary of State Evidence Fund to be used as provided in Section 2-115 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
        (ii) Any local, municipal, or county law enforcement
    
agency entitled to receive a monetary distribution of forfeiture proceeds may share those forfeiture proceeds pursuant to the terms of an intergovernmental agreement with a municipality that has a population in excess of 20,000 if:
            (A) the receiving agency has entered into an
        
intergovernmental agreement with the municipality to provide police services;
            (B) the intergovernmental agreement for police
        
services provides for consideration in an amount of not less than $1,000,000 per year;
            (C) the seizure took place within the
        
geographical limits of the municipality; and
            (D) the funds are used only for the enforcement
        
of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances; for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence or the establishment of a municipal police force, including the training of officers, construction of a police station, or the purchase of law enforcement equipment or vehicles.
        (2)(i) 12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of
    
the State's Attorney of the county in which the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, deposited in a special fund in the county treasury and appropriated to the State's Attorney for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances; for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. In counties over 3,000,000 population, 25% shall be distributed to the Office of the State's Attorney for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances; for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. If the prosecution is undertaken solely by the Attorney General, the portion provided shall be distributed to the Attorney General for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol.
        (ii) 12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of the
    
State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor and deposited in the Narcotics Profit Forfeiture Fund of that office to be used for additional expenses incurred in the investigation, prosecution and appeal of cases arising under laws governing cannabis and controlled substances or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol. The Office of the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor shall not receive distribution from cases brought in counties with over 3,000,000 population.
        (3) 10% shall be retained by the Department of State
    
Police for expenses related to the administration and sale of seized and forfeited property.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

725 ILCS 150/20

    (725 ILCS 150/20)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 20. Reporting. Property seized or forfeited under this Act is subject to reporting under the Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)