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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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COURTS
(705 ILCS 45/) Associate Judges Act.

705 ILCS 45/2

    (705 ILCS 45/2) (from Ch. 37, par. 160.2)
    Sec. 2. (a) The maximum number of associate judges authorized for each circuit is the greater of the applicable minimum number specified in this Section or one for each 35,000 or fraction thereof in population as determined by the last preceding Federal census, except for circuits with a population of more than 3,000,000 where the maximum number of associate judges is one for each 29,000 or fraction thereof in population as determined by the last preceding federal census, reduced in circuits of less than 200,000 inhabitants by the number of resident circuit judges elected in the circuit in excess of one per county. In addition, in circuits of 1,000,000 or more inhabitants, there shall be one additional associate judge authorized for each municipal district of the circuit court. The number of associate judges to be appointed in each circuit, not to exceed the maximum authorized, shall be determined from time to time by the Circuit Court. The minimum number of associate judges authorized for any circuit consisting of a single county shall be 14, except that the minimum in the 22nd circuit shall be 8 and except that the minimum in the 19th circuit on and after December 4, 2006 shall be 20. The minimum number of associate judges authorized for any circuit consisting of 2 counties with a combined population of at least 275,000 but less than 300,000 shall be 10. The minimum number of associate judges authorized for any circuit with a population of at least 303,000 but not more than 309,000 shall be 10. The minimum number of associate judges authorized for any circuit with a population of at least 329,000, but not more than 349,999 shall be 11. The minimum number of associate judges authorized for any circuit with a population of at least 173,000 shall be 5. As used in this Section, the term "resident circuit judge" has the meaning given it in the Judicial Vacancies Act.
    (b) The maximum number of associate judges authorized under subsection (a) for a circuit with a population of more than 3,000,000 shall be reduced as provided in this subsection (b). For each vacancy that exists on or occurs on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990, that maximum number shall be reduced by one until the total number of associate judges authorized under subsection (a) is reduced by 60. A vacancy exists or occurs when an associate judge dies, resigns, retires, is removed, or is not reappointed upon expiration of his or her term; a vacancy does not exist or occur at the expiration of a term if the associate judge is reappointed.
    (c) The maximum number of associate judges authorized under subsection (a) for the 17th judicial circuit shall be reduced as provided in this subsection (c). Due to the vacancy that exists on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly in the associate judgeship that is converted into a resident judgeship under subsection (a-10) of Section 2f-6 of the Circuit Courts Act, the maximum number of judges authorized under subsection (a) of this Section shall be reduced by one. A vacancy exists or occurs when an associate judge dies, resigns, retires, is removed, or is not reappointed upon expiration of his or her term; a vacancy does not exist or occur at the expiration of a term if the associate judge is reappointed.
    (d) The maximum number of associate judges authorized under subsection (a) for the 23rd judicial circuit shall be reduced as provided in this subsection (d). Due to the vacancy that exists on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly in the associate judgeship that is converted into a resident judgeship under subsection (k) of Section 2f-10 of the Circuit Courts Act, the maximum number of judges authorized under subsection (a) of this Section shall be reduced by one.
(Source: P.A. 98-744, eff. 7-16-14; 99-520, eff. 6-30-16.)

705 ILCS 45/2.1

    (705 ILCS 45/2.1) (from Ch. 37, par. 160.2-1)
    Sec. 2.1. If the maximum number of associate judges authorized under Section 2 of this Act is appointed, and the chief judge of the circuit considers the number of associate judges inadequate, additional associate judges may be appointed as provided in this Section 2.1.
    The chief judge of the circuit in which it is desired to appoint one or more additional associate judges shall file in writing a petition with the Supreme Court listing the reasons such circuit needs the additional associate judge and detailing what use will be made of each such associate judge. The Supreme Court shall determine whether a clear need exists for the additional associate judges. The Supreme Court shall consider the following factors in making its determination: (1) case loads in the circuit; (2) the number of associate judges, resident circuit judges and circuit judges in the circuit; (3) the number and location in the circuit of major federal and state highways; (4) the location in the circuit of state police highway truck weighing stations; (5) the relationship of urban population to large metropolitan centers in the various counties of the circuit; (6) the location in the circuit of state institutions including, but not limited to, universities, mental health facilities and penitentiaries; (7) any other factor deemed relevant by the Supreme Court.
    The Supreme Court shall either approve or disapprove the petition. If approved, the Supreme Court shall notify in writing the chief judge who filed the petition as to the number of additional associate judges who may be appointed in the circuit. If the Supreme Court disapproves, it need not state its reasons therefor.
    The maximum number of associate judges appointed under the provisions of this Section 2.1 shall not exceed 50 throughout the state. There is no limit within this maximum figure on the number of associate judges that may be appointed pursuant to this Section 2.1 in any particular circuit.
(Source: P.A. 84-1395.)

705 ILCS 45/2.2

    (705 ILCS 45/2.2)
    Sec. 2.2. Additional associate judge; 16th circuit. In addition to the number of associate judges authorized under Sections 2 and 2.1 of this Act, there shall be one additional associate judge appointed in the 16th circuit.
(Source: P.A. 96-108, eff. 7-30-09.)

705 ILCS 45/2.3

    (705 ILCS 45/2.3)
    Sec. 2.3. Additional associate judge; 17th circuit. In addition to the number of associate judges authorized under Sections 2 and 2.1 of this Act, there shall be one additional associate judge appointed in the 17th circuit.
(Source: P.A. 96-108, eff. 7-30-09.)

705 ILCS 45/2.4

    (705 ILCS 45/2.4)
    Sec. 2.4. Additional associate judges; 18th circuit. In addition to the number of associate judges authorized under Sections 2 and 2.1 of this Act, there shall be 2 additional associate judges appointed in the 18th circuit.
(Source: P.A. 96-108, eff. 7-30-09.)

705 ILCS 45/2.5

    (705 ILCS 45/2.5)
    Sec. 2.5. Additional associate judge; 13th circuit. In addition to the number of associate judges authorized under Sections 2 and 2.1 of this Act, there shall be one additional associate judge appointed in the 13th circuit.
(Source: P.A. 96-108, eff. 7-30-09.)

705 ILCS 45/3

    (705 ILCS 45/3) (from Ch. 37, par. 160.3)
    Sec. 3. Associate judges shall be retired at the same age as that set by law for judges.
(Source: P.A. 79-687; 79-1360.)

705 ILCS 45/6

    (705 ILCS 45/6) (from Ch. 37, par. 160.6)
    Sec. 6. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Associate Judges Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)