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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COURTS
(705 ILCS 40/) Judicial Vacancies Act.

705 ILCS 40/0.1

    (705 ILCS 40/0.1) (from Ch. 37, par. 72.41-2)
    Sec. 0.1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Judicial Vacancies Act.
(Source: P.A. 88-45.)

705 ILCS 40/1.1

    (705 ILCS 40/1.1) (from Ch. 37, par. 72.41-1)
    Sec. 1.1. As used in this Act, the term "resident circuit judge" or "resident judge" refers to a circuit judge who, immediately prior to July 1, 1971, was an associate judge and who became a circuit judge on July 1, 1971 by reason of paragraph (a) of Section 4 of the Transition Schedule of the Constitution of 1970 or a circuit judge who was appointed after June 30, 1971 by the Supreme Court to fill the vacancy existing prior to July 1, 1971 in the office of a former associate judge and whose office was, prior to July 1, 1971, filled by election from a single county or, in the case of Cook County, from one of the 2 units of the county, and not from the circuit at large.
(Source: P.A. 88-45.)

705 ILCS 40/2

    (705 ILCS 40/2) (from Ch. 37, par. 72.42)
    Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) of this subsection (a), vacancies in the office of a resident circuit judge in any county or in any unit or subcircuit of any circuit shall not be filled.
        (1) If in any county of less than 45,000 inhabitants
    
there remains in office no other resident judge following the occurrence of a vacancy, such vacancy shall be filled.
        (2) If in any county of 45,000 or more but less than
    
60,000 inhabitants there remains in office only one resident judge following the occurrence of a vacancy, such vacancy shall be filled.
        (3) If in any county of 60,000 or more inhabitants,
    
other than the County of Cook or as provided in paragraph (5), there remain in office no more than 2 resident judges following the occurrence of a vacancy, such vacancy shall be filled.
        (4) The County of Cook shall have 165 resident judges
    
on and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990. Of those resident judgeships, (i) 56 shall be those authorized before the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990 from the unit of the Circuit of Cook County within Chicago, (ii) 27 shall be those authorized before the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990 from the unit of the Circuit of Cook County outside Chicago, (iii) 12 shall be additional resident judgeships first elected at the general election in November of 1992, (iv) 10 shall be additional resident judgeships first elected at the general election in November of 1994, and (v) 60 shall be additional resident judgeships to be authorized one each for each reduction upon vacancy in the office of associate judge in the Circuit of Cook County as those vacancies exist or occur on and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990 and as those vacancies are determined under subsection (b) of Section 2 of the Associate Judges Act until the total resident judgeships authorized under this item (v) is 60. Seven of the 12 additional resident judgeships provided in item (iii) may be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court during the period beginning on the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990 and ending 60 days before the primary election in March of 1992; those judicial appointees shall serve until the first Monday in December of 1992. Five of the 12 additional resident judgeships provided in item (iii) may be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court during the period beginning July 1, 1991 and ending 60 days before the primary election in March of 1992; those judicial appointees shall serve until the first Monday in December of 1992. Five of the 10 additional resident judgeships provided in item (iv) may be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court during the period beginning July 1, 1992 and ending 60 days before the primary election in March of 1994; those judicial appointees shall serve until the first Monday in December of 1994. The remaining 5 of the 10 additional resident judgeships provided in item (iv) may be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court during the period beginning July 1, 1993 and ending 60 days before the primary election in March of 1994; those judicial appointees shall serve until the first Monday in December 1994. The additional resident judgeships created upon vacancy in the office of associate judge provided in item (v) may be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court beginning on the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990; but no additional resident judgeships created upon vacancy in the office of associate judge provided in item (v) shall be filled during the 59 day period before the next primary election to nominate judges. The Circuit of Cook County shall be divided into units to be known as subcircuits as provided in Section 2f of the Circuit Courts Act. A vacancy in the office of resident judge of the Circuit of Cook County existing on or occurring on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1990, but before the date the subcircuits are created by law, shall be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court from the unit within Chicago or the unit outside Chicago, as the case may be, in which the vacancy occurs and filled by election from the subcircuit to which it is allotted under Section 2f of the Circuit Courts Act. A vacancy in the office of resident judge of the Circuit of Cook County existing on or occurring on or after the date the subcircuits are created by law shall be filled by appointment by the Supreme Court and by election from the subcircuit to which it is allotted under Section 2f of the Circuit Courts Act.
        (5) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of
    
this subsection (a), resident judges in the 12th, 16th, 17th, 19th, 22nd, and 23rd judicial circuits are as provided in Sections 2f-1, 2f-2, 2f-4, 2f-5, 2f-6, 2f-9, and 2f-10 of the Circuit Courts Act.
    (b) Nothing in paragraphs (2) or (3) of subsection (a) of this Section shall be construed to require or permit in any county a greater number of resident judges than there were resident associate judges on January 1, 1967.
    (c) Vacancies authorized to be filled by this Section 2 shall be filled in the manner provided in Article VI of the Constitution.
    (d) A person appointed to fill a vacancy in the office of circuit judge shall be, at the time of appointment, a resident of the subcircuit from which the person whose vacancy is being filled was elected if the vacancy occurred in a circuit divided into subcircuits. If a vacancy in the office of circuit judge occurred in a circuit not divided into subcircuits, a person appointed to fill the vacancy shall be, at the time of appointment, a resident of the circuit from which the person whose vacancy is being filled was elected. Except as provided in Sections 2f-1, 2f-2, 2f-4, 2f-5, 2f-6, and 2f-9 of the Circuit Courts Act, if a vacancy occurred in the office of a resident circuit judge, a person appointed to fill the vacancy shall be, at the time of appointment, a resident of the county from which the person whose vacancy is being filled was elected.
(Source: P.A. 98-744, eff. 7-16-14.)

705 ILCS 40/2.1

    (705 ILCS 40/2.1) (from Ch. 37, par. 72.42-1)
    Sec. 2.1.
    When a vacancy in the office of a resident circuit judge is filled by election, the election shall be for the appropriate county or unit, and not for the entire circuit.
(Source: P.A. 77-1814.)

705 ILCS 40/3

    (705 ILCS 40/3) (from Ch. 37, par. 72.43)
    Sec. 3. If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 3443.)