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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
(415 ILCS 30/) Illinois Water Well Construction Code.

415 ILCS 30/1

    (415 ILCS 30/1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.111)
    Sec. 1. Short title.
    This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Illinois Water Well Construction Code".
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 3217.)

415 ILCS 30/2

    (415 ILCS 30/2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.112)
    Sec. 2. Declaration of policy.
    It has been established by scientific evidence that improperly constructed water wells can adversely affect the public's health. Consistent with its duty to safeguard the public health in this State, the General Assembly therefore declares that the proper location, construction and modification of water wells is essential for the protection of the public health.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 3217.)

415 ILCS 30/3

    (415 ILCS 30/3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.113)
    Sec. 3. Definitions. As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
    (a) "Construction" means all acts necessary to obtaining ground water by any method, including without limitation the location of and the excavation for the well, but not including prospecting, surveying or other acts preparatory thereto, nor the installation of pumps and pumping equipment.
    (b) "Department" means the Department of Public Health.
    (c) "Director" means the Director of Public Health.
    (d) "Modification" means any change, replacement or other alteration of any water well which shall be contrary to the rules and regulations regarding the construction of a well.
    (e) "Water well" means any excavation that is drilled, cored, bored, washed, driven, dug, jetted or otherwise constructed when the intended use of such excavation is for the location, diversion, artificial recharge, or acquisition of ground water, but such term does not include an excavation made for the purpose of obtaining or prospecting for oil, natural gas, minerals or products of mining or quarrying or for inserting media to repressure oil or natural gas bearing formation or for storing petroleum, natural gas or other products or for observation or any other purpose in connection with the development or operation of a gas storage project.
    (f) "Public water system", "community water system", "non-community water system", "semi-private water system" and "private water system" have the meanings ascribed to them in the Illinois Groundwater Protection Act.
    (g) "Potential route", "potential primary source" and "potential secondary source" have the meanings ascribed to them in the Environmental Protection Act.
    (h) "Closed loop well" means a sealed, watertight loop of pipe buried outside of a building foundation intended to recirculate a liquid solution through a heat exchanger but is limited to the construction of the bore hole and the grouting of the bore hole and does not include the piping and appurtenances used in any other capacity. "Closed loop well" does not include any horizontal closed loop well systems where grouting is not necessary by law or standard industry practice.
    (i) "Monitoring well" means a water well intended for the purpose of determining groundwater quality or quantity.
    (j) "Closed loop well contractor" means any person who installs closed loop wells for another person. "Closed loop well contractor" does not include the employee of a closed loop contractor.
(Source: P.A. 97-363, eff. 8-15-11.)

415 ILCS 30/4

    (415 ILCS 30/4) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.114)
    Sec. 4. Scope. No water well, closed loop well or monitoring well shall be located, constructed or modified contrary to the provisions of this Act or any rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto. The provisions of this Act apply to any water well.
(Source: P.A. 86-843.)

415 ILCS 30/5

    (415 ILCS 30/5) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.115)
    Sec. 5. Department powers and duties.
    The Department has general supervision and authority over the location, construction and modification of water wells, closed loop wells and monitoring wells and for the administration of this Act. With respect thereto it shall:
        (a) Adopt and publish, and from time to time amend
    
rules and regulations as hereinafter provided;
        (b) Commencing no later than January 1, 1988, issue
    
permits for the construction or change in depth of any water well other than community public water systems and monitoring wells;
        (b-5) Commencing no later than one year after the
    
effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, issue permits for the construction, modification, and abandonment of closed loop wells; and
        (c) Exercise such other powers as are practical and
    
reasonably necessary to carry out and enforce the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-363, eff. 8-15-11.)

415 ILCS 30/5a

    (415 ILCS 30/5a) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.115a)
    Sec. 5a. Designation of agents of the Department. The Department may designate and use full-time municipal, district, county or multiple-county health departments as its agents in the administration and enforcement of this Act and the rules and regulations promulgated hereunder.
(Source: P.A. 85-1225.)

415 ILCS 30/5b

    (415 ILCS 30/5b) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.115b)
    Sec. 5b. Local programs. This Act does not prohibit the enforcement of ordinances of units of local government which require the issuance of a water well construction permit and which establish a system for the inspection of water well construction and regulation, provided such ordinances adopt the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this Act and are approved by the Department.
    The local ordinance must also provide for the following:
        (1) inclusion in the construction permit application
    
of the depth to which the well is to be lowered and the aquifer involved;
        (2) notice to the unit of local government of any
    
subsequent lowering of the well, including the depth of the subsequent lowering and the aquifer involved; and
        (3) maintenance by the unit of local government of a
    
record of construction applications and permits, notices of subsequent lowerings, and the information contained in those documents. The record shall be arranged at least by location of wells and shall be available for public inspection.
    Any unit of local government which wishes its ordinance to be approved shall submit a copy of such ordinance, including all amendments, to the Department requesting approval. If such ordinance is approved by the Department the ordinance shall prevail in lieu of the State permit, fee and inspection program, and the Department shall issue written approval. Not less than once each year the Department shall evaluate the program created by such ordinance to determine whether the program is being administered in accordance with the approved ordinance. If the Department finds after the evaluation that the administration of the program is not in accordance with the approved ordinance or is not being enforced, the Director shall give written notice of the findings to the chief administrative officer of such unit of local government. If the Department thereafter finds, not less than 30 days after the giving of such notice, that the program is not being conducted in a manner consistent with the approved ordinance, the Director shall give written notice of such findings to the chief administrative officer of the unit of local government and may revoke approval of such ordinance and program. All persons within such unit of local government shall thereupon be immediately subject to the State permit, fee and inspection program.
    Each unit of local government shall also submit information concerning each water well permit issued by the unit of local government, as specified in rule by the Department, within 30 days of issuance. The rules for submission of information shall require at least the submission of each well's depth and the aquifer involved and the depth and aquifer involved in subsequent lowerings.
(Source: P.A. 89-368, eff. 1-1-96.)

415 ILCS 30/6

    (415 ILCS 30/6) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.116)
    Sec. 6. Rules and regulations. The Department shall adopt and amend rules and regulations reasonably necessary to effectuate the policy declared by this Act. Such rules and regulations shall provide criteria for the proper location and construction of any water well, closed loop well or monitoring well and shall, no later than January 1, 1988, provide for the issuance of permits for the construction and operation of water wells other than community public water systems and monitoring wells. The Department shall by regulation require a one time fee, not to exceed $100, for permits for construction, modification, or abandonment of water wells. The Department shall by rule require a one-time fee for permits for the construction, modification, or abandonment of closed loop wells.
(Source: P.A. 97-363, eff. 8-15-11.)

415 ILCS 30/6a

    (415 ILCS 30/6a) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.116a)
    Sec. 6a. Prohibitions. Beginning January 1, 1988, no new non-community, semi-private or private water system well may be located within 200 feet of any potential primary or potential secondary source or any potential route. This prohibition does not apply to any new private water system well where the owner is the same for both the well and a potential secondary source or a potential route. In such instances, the Department shall apply a prohibition of 75 feet and shall inform the well owner of the potential hazards associated with the location of a well in close proximity to a potential source or potential route. Nothing in this Section shall affect any location and construction requirement imposed in Section 6 of this Act and regulations promulgated thereunder. The Department may grant an exception to the prohibitions in this Section where the owner is the same for both the well and a potential primary or potential secondary source or a potential route. Such exception may only be granted if a demonstration is provided by the owner of the potable water well that applicable protective measures will be utilized to minimize the potential for contamination of the well, and if the resulting well installation can be expected to provide a continuously safe and sanitary water supply.
(Source: P.A. 85-863.)

415 ILCS 30/6b

    (415 ILCS 30/6b) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.116b)
    Sec. 6b. Assurance of potable water supply. Except as provided in Section 14.2 of the Environmental Protection Act, the owner of every potable water supply well which has been contaminated due to the actions of the owner or operator of a potential primary or potential secondary source or potential route shall be provided an alternative source of potable water of sufficient quality and quantity, or treatment of the waters from such well to achieve a sufficient level of quality and quantity appropriate to protection of the public health, or such other remedy as may be mutually agreed upon by the well owner and the owner or operator of the potential source or potential route. For purposes of this Section, contamination shall mean such alteration of the physical, chemical or biological qualities of the water as to render it unfit for human consumption, or to otherwise render it unfit for use as potable water as measured by applicable groundwater quality standards which are adopted by the Pollution Control Board. All costs of providing alternative or treated potable water supplies under this Section shall be borne by the responsible owners and operators of the contamination source and route. This Section shall apply only to actions of an owner or operator which occur after the effective date of this Section and for which there is adequate reason to believe that a relationship exists between the potential source or potential route and the contaminated well.
(Source: P.A. 85-863.)

415 ILCS 30/6c

    (415 ILCS 30/6c) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.116c)
    Sec. 6c. Public Health Water Permit Fund. There is hereby created in the State Treasury a special fund to be known as the Public Health Water Permit Fund. All fees collected by the Department pursuant to Section 6 of this Act shall be deposited into the Fund. The amount collected as fees shall be appropriated by the General Assembly to the Department for the purpose of conducting activities relating to groundwater protection.
(Source: P.A. 85-863.)

415 ILCS 30/7a

    (415 ILCS 30/7a) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.117a)
    Sec. 7a. The Department shall issue an order compelling any person who is in violation of this Act or the rules and regulations promulgated hereunder to remedy such violations. The order shall specify the violations and a date by which they shall be remedied. Failure of the person to remedy the violations by the date specified in the order shall constitute a business offense punishable by a fine not to exceed $750, with each day subsequent to such date that the violations remain uncorrected constituting a separate offense.
(Source: P.A. 86-843.)

415 ILCS 30/8

    (415 ILCS 30/8) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.118)
    Sec. 8. The provisions of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act, are hereby expressly adopted and shall apply to all administrative rules and procedures of the Department of Public Health under this Act, except that Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act relating to procedures for rule-making does not apply to the adoption of any rule required by federal law in connection with which the Department is precluded by law from exercising any discretion.
(Source: P.A. 87-895; 88-45.)

415 ILCS 30/9

    (415 ILCS 30/9) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 116.119)
    Sec. 9. Abandoned wells. Water wells, borings and monitoring wells which are abandoned shall be plugged in accordance with requirements established by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 86-843.)

415 ILCS 30/9.1

    (415 ILCS 30/9.1)
    Sec. 9.1. Closed loop well contractor certification.
    (a) Within 2 years after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, all closed loop well contractors, shall be certified by the Department. The Department shall issue closed loop well contractor certificates to those applicants who are qualified and have successfully passed the Department's closed loop well contractor's certification exam. Application for certification as a closed loop well contractor must be made to the Department in writing and under oath or affirmation on forms prescribed and furnished by the Department. Applications may require any information the Department deems necessary in order to carry out the provisions of this Act. The Department shall collect a fee for the closed loop well contractor's qualification exam.
    (b) Any person holding a valid water well contractor's license issued under the Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor's License Act may apply and receive, without examination or fee, a closed loop well contractor's certification, provided that all other requirements of this Act are met.
    (c) Any person who only installs horizontal closed loop wells using the open trench method shall be exempt from certification under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-363, eff. 8-15-11.)

415 ILCS 30/9.2

    (415 ILCS 30/9.2)
    Sec. 9.2. Closed loop well contractor registration.
    (a) Beginning one year after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, no person may engage in the occupation of a closed loop well contractor unless he or she holds a valid certificate of registration as a closed loop well contractor issued by the Department.
    (b) All closed loop well contractors doing business in this State must annually file an application for registration with the Department.
    (c) One year after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, all applications filed for registration under this Section must be accompanied by verification of the certification of the applicant by an organization approved by the Department for its appropriateness in determining the knowledge and expertise as a closed loop well contractor, and the applicant must submit proof of certification under Section 9.1 of this Act, unless specifically exempt from certification in subsection (c) of Section 9.1 of this Act.
    (d) Certificates of registration issued under this Section shall expire and must be renewed on an annual basis.
    (e) The Department shall collect an annual fee for registration of a closed loop well contractor.
(Source: P.A. 97-363, eff. 8-15-11.)