Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
PUBLIC HEALTH410 ILCS 50/0.01
(410 ILCS 50/) Medical Patient Rights Act.
(410 ILCS 50/0.01)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5400)
This Act may be cited as the
Medical Patient Rights Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)
410 ILCS 50/1
(410 ILCS 50/1)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5401)
The purpose of this Act is to establish certain rights for medical
patients and to provide a penalty for the violation thereof.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2
(410 ILCS 50/2)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402)
As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the
terms specified in Sections 2.01 through 2.05 have the meanings
ascribed to them in those Sections.
(Source: P.A. 86-820; 86-1355; 86-1475.)
410 ILCS 50/2.01
(410 ILCS 50/2.01)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.01)
"Patient" means any person who has received or is receiving
medical care, treatment or services from an individual or institution licensed
to provide medical care or treatment in this State.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2.02
(410 ILCS 50/2.02)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.02)
"Health services corporation" means any corporation issuing
a plan for medical or hospital services or for the payment or reimbursement
of expenses arising from such services.
(Source: P.A. 81-1167.)
410 ILCS 50/2.03
(410 ILCS 50/2.03)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.03)
"Health care provider" means any public or private facility
that provides, on an inpatient or outpatient basis, preventive, diagnostic,
therapeutic, convalescent, rehabilitation, mental health, or intellectual disability
services, including general or special hospitals, skilled nursing homes,
extended care facilities, intermediate care facilities and mental health centers.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)
410 ILCS 50/2.04
(410 ILCS 50/2.04)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.04)
"Insurance company" means (1) an insurance company, fraternal
benefit society, and any other insurer subject to regulation under the
Illinois Insurance Code; or (2) a health maintenance organization.
(Source: P.A. 85-677; 85-679.)
410 ILCS 50/2.05
(410 ILCS 50/2.05)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5402.05)
"Experimental procedures" means a research program or an
experimental procedure, as defined under the rules and regulations of the
Hospital Licensing Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1355.)
410 ILCS 50/3
(410 ILCS 50/3)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403)
The following rights are hereby established:
(a) The right of each patient to care consistent with sound nursing and
medical practices, to be informed of the name of the physician responsible
for coordinating his or her care, to receive information concerning his or
her condition and proposed treatment, to refuse any treatment to the extent
permitted by law, and to privacy and confidentiality of records except as
otherwise provided by law.
(b) The right of each patient, regardless of source of payment, to examine
and receive a reasonable explanation of his total bill for services rendered
by his physician or health care provider, including the itemized charges
for specific services received. Each physician or health care provider
shall be responsible only for a reasonable explanation of those specific
services provided by such physician or health care provider.
(c) In the event an insurance company or health services corporation cancels
or refuses to renew an individual policy or plan, the insured patient shall
be entitled to timely, prior notice of the termination of such policy or plan.
An insurance company or health services corporation that requires any
insured patient or applicant for new or continued insurance or coverage to
be tested for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any
other identified causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(AIDS) shall (1) give the patient or applicant prior written notice of such
requirement, (2) proceed with such testing only upon the written
authorization of the applicant or patient, and (3) keep the results of such
testing confidential. Notice of an adverse underwriting or coverage
decision may be given to any appropriately interested party, but the
insurer may only disclose the test result itself to a physician designated
by the applicant or patient, and any such disclosure shall be in a manner
that assures confidentiality.
The Department of Insurance shall enforce the provisions of this subsection.
(d) The right of each patient to privacy and confidentiality in health
care. Each physician, health care provider, health services corporation and
insurance company shall refrain from disclosing the nature or details of
services provided to patients, except that such information may be disclosed to the
patient, the party making treatment decisions if the patient is incapable
of making decisions regarding the health services provided, those parties
directly involved with providing treatment to the patient or processing the
payment for that treatment, those parties responsible for peer review,
utilization review and quality assurance, and those parties required to
be notified under the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, the
Illinois Sexually Transmissible Disease Control Act or where otherwise
authorized or required by law. This right may be waived in writing by the
patient or the patient's guardian, but a physician or other health care
provider may not condition the provision of services on the patient's or
guardian's agreement to sign such a waiver.
(Source: P.A. 86-895; 86-902; 86-1028; 87-334.)
410 ILCS 50/3.1
(410 ILCS 50/3.1)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403.1)
(a) Any patient who is the subject of a research program or
an experimental procedure, as defined under the rules and regulations of
the Hospital Licensing Act, shall have, at a minimum, the right to receive
an explanation of the nature and possible consequences of such research or
experiment before the research or experiment is conducted, and to consent
to or reject it.
(b) No physician may conduct any research program or experimental
procedure on a patient without the prior informed consent of the patient
or, if the patient is unable to consent, the patient's guardian, spouse,
parent, or authorized agent.
(c) This Section shall not apply to any research program or medical
experimental procedure for patients subject to a life-threatening emergency
that is conducted in accordance with Part 50 of Title 21 of, and Part 46 of
Title 45 of, the Code of Federal Regulations.
(Source: P.A. 90-36, eff. 6-27-97.)
410 ILCS 50/3.2
(410 ILCS 50/3.2)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5403.2)
(a) Every health care facility in this State shall permit
visitation by any person or persons designated by a patient who is 18 years
of age or older and who is allowed rights of visitation unless (1) the
facility does not allow any visitation for a patient or patients, or (2)
the facility or the patient's physician determines that visitation would
endanger the physical health or safety of a patient or visitor, or would
interfere with the operations of the facility. Nothing in this Act shall
restrict the ability of a health care facility to regulate the hours of
visitation, the number of visitors per patient or the movement of visitors
within the facility.
(b) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to further limit or
restrict the right of visitation provided by other provisions of law.
(c) For the purposes of this Section a "health care facility" does not
include a developmental disability facility, a mental health facility or a
mental health center.
(Source: P.A. 87-651.)
410 ILCS 50/4
(410 ILCS 50/4)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5404)
Any physician or health care provider that violates
a patient's rights as set forth in subparagraph (b) of Section 3
is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined $500. Any insurance company
or health service corporation that violates a patient's rights as set forth
in subparagraph (c) of Section 3 is guilty of a petty offense and
shall be fined $1,000. Any physician, health care provider, health services
corporation or insurance company that violates a patient's rights as set forth
in subsection (d) of Section 3 is guilty of a petty offense and
shall be fined $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 92-651, eff. 7-11-02.)
410 ILCS 50/5
(410 ILCS 50/5)
Statement of hospital patient's rights.
(a) Each patient admitted to a hospital, and the guardian or authorized
representative or parent of a minor patient, shall be given a written
statement of all the rights enumerated in this Act, or a similar statement of
patients' rights required of the hospital by the Joint Commission on
Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations or a similar accrediting
organization. The statement shall be given at the time of admission or as soon
thereafter as the condition of the patient permits.
(b) If a patient is unable to read the written statement, a hospital
shall make a reasonable effort to provide it to the guardian or authorized
representative of the patient.
(c) The statement shall also include the right not to be discriminated against by the hospital due to the patient's race, color, or national origin where such characteristics are not relevant to the patient's medical diagnosis and treatment. The statement shall further provide each admitted patient or the patient's representative or guardian with notice of how to initiate a grievance regarding improper discrimination with the hospital and how the patient may lodge a grievance with the Illinois Department of Public Health and the Illinois Department of Human Rights regardless of whether the patient has first used the hospital's grievance process.
(Source: P.A. 97-485, eff. 8-22-11.)
410 ILCS 50/5.1
(410 ILCS 50/5.1)
Discrimination grievance procedures.
Upon receipt of a grievance alleging unlawful discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin, the hospital must investigate the claim and work with the patient to address valid or proven concerns in accordance with the hospital's grievance process. At the conclusion of the hospital's grievance process, the hospital shall inform the patient that such grievances may be reported to the Illinois Department of Public Health if not resolved to the patient's satisfaction at the hospital level.
(Source: P.A. 97-485, eff. 8-22-11.)
410 ILCS 50/5.2
(410 ILCS 50/5.2)
Emergency room anti-discrimination notice.
Every hospital shall post a sign next to or in close proximity of its sign required by Section 489.20 (q)(1) of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations stating the following:
"You have the right not to be discriminated against by the hospital due to your race, color, or national origin if these characteristics are unrelated to your diagnosis or treatment. If you believe this right has been violated, please call (insert number for hospital grievance officer).".
(Source: P.A. 97-485, eff. 8-22-11.)
410 ILCS 50/6
(410 ILCS 50/6)
A health care facility licensed in this
shall require each employee of or volunteer for the facility, including a
student, who examines or treats
a patient or resident of the facility to wear an identification badge that
readily discloses the first name, licensure status, if any, and staff position
of the person examining or treating the patient or resident.
(Source: P.A. 90-331, eff. 1-1-98.)
410 ILCS 50/7
(410 ILCS 50/7)
Any physician, medical student, resident, advanced practice nurse, registered nurse, or physician assistant who provides treatment or care to a patient shall inform the patient of his or her profession upon providing the treatment or care, which includes but is not limited to any physical examination, such as a pelvic examination. In the case of an unconscious patient, any care or treatment must be related to the patient's illness, condition, or disease.
(Source: P.A. 93-771, eff. 7-21-04.)
410 ILCS 50/99
(410 ILCS 50/99)
This Act takes effect on becoming a law.
(Source: P.A. 88-670, eff. 12-2-94.)