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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 45/) Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Persons Act.

405 ILCS 45/0.01

    (405 ILCS 45/0.01) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1350)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Persons Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

405 ILCS 45/1

    (405 ILCS 45/1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1351)
    Sec. 1. Purpose. The Governor shall designate an agency to administer the protection and advocacy system for mentally ill persons, pursuant to the federal Protection and Advocacy of Mentally Ill Individuals Act of 1986. The agency shall be independent of any agency which provides disability-related services (other than advocacy services), including treatment, rehabilitation, guardianship or habilitation. The agency may receive and expend funds to protect and advocate the rights of mentally ill persons.
(Source: P.A. 85-623.)

405 ILCS 45/2

    (405 ILCS 45/2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1352)
    Sec. 2. Definitions. For the purposes of this Act, the following terms shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
    (1) "Mentally ill person" means an individual who has a significant mental illness or emotional impairment as determined by a mental health professional qualified under the laws and regulations of this State and who is receiving care or treatment.
    (2) "Abuse" means any act or failure to act by an employee of a facility rendering care or treatment, which act or failure was performed knowingly, recklessly or with intentional disregard for the rights of a mentally ill person, and which caused, or may have caused, injury to a mentally ill person, and includes but is not limited to acts such as: (1) the rape or sexual assault of a mentally ill person; (2) the striking of a mentally ill person; (3) the use of excessive force when placing a mentally ill person in bodily restraints; and (4) the use of bodily or chemical restraints on a mentally ill person which is not in compliance with federal and State laws and regulations.
    (3) "Neglect" means a negligent act or omission by any individual responsible for providing services in a facility rendering care or treatment, which caused or may have caused injury to a mentally ill person or which placed a mentally ill person at risk of injury and includes an act or omission such as failure to establish or carry out an appropriate individual program plan or treatment plan for a mentally ill person; the failure to provide adequate nutrition, clothing or health care to a mentally ill person; or the failure to provide a safe environment for a mentally ill person.
    (4) "Authorized agency" or "agency" means the agency designated by the Governor pursuant to Section 1 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-623.)

405 ILCS 45/3

    (405 ILCS 45/3) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1353)
    Sec. 3. Powers and Duties.
    (A) In order to properly exercise its powers and duties, the agency shall have the authority to:
        (1) Investigate incidents of abuse and neglect of
    
mentally ill persons if the incidents are reported to the agency or if there is probable cause to believe that the incidents occurred. In case of conflict with provisions of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act or the Nursing Home Care Act, the provisions of those Acts shall apply.
        (2) Pursue administrative, legal and other
    
appropriate remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of mentally ill persons who are receiving care and treatment in this State.
        (3) Pursue administrative, legal and other remedies
    
on behalf of an individual who:
            (a) was a mentally ill individual; and
            (b) is a resident of this State, but only with
        
respect to matters which occur within 90 days after the date of the discharge of such individual from a facility providing care and treatment.
        (4) Establish a board which shall:
            (a) advise the protection and advocacy system on
        
policies and priorities to be carried out in protecting and advocating the rights of mentally ill individuals; and
            (b) include attorneys, mental health
        
professionals, individuals from the public who are knowledgeable about mental illness, a provider of mental health services, individuals who have received or are receiving mental health services and family members of such individuals. At least one-half the members of the board shall be individuals who have received or are receiving mental health services or who are family members of such individuals.
        (5) On January 1, 1988, and on January 1 of each
    
succeeding year, prepare and transmit to the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and to the Illinois Secretary of Human Services a report describing the activities, accomplishments and expenditures of the protection and advocacy system during the most recently completed fiscal year.
    (B) The agency shall have access to all mental health facilities as defined in Sections 1-107 and 1-114 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, all facilities as defined in Section 1-113 of the Nursing Home Care Act, all facilities as defined in Section 1-102 of the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, all facilities as defined in Section 1-113 of the ID/DD Community Care Act, all facilities as defined in Section 2.06 of the Child Care Act of 1969, as now or hereafter amended, and all other facilities providing care or treatment to mentally ill persons. Such access shall be granted for the purposes of meeting with residents and staff, informing them of services available from the agency, distributing written information about the agency and the rights of persons who are mentally ill, conducting scheduled and unscheduled visits, and performing other activities designed to protect the rights of mentally ill persons.
    (C) The agency shall have access to all records of mentally ill persons who are receiving care or treatment from a facility, subject to the limitations of this Act, the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act, the Nursing Home Care Act and the Child Care Act of 1969, as now or hereafter amended. If the mentally ill person has a legal guardian other than the State or a designee of the State, the facility director shall disclose the guardian's name, address and telephone number to the agency upon its request. In cases of conflict with provisions of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act and the Nursing Home Care Act, the provisions of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act and the Nursing Home Care Act shall apply. The agency shall also have access, for the purpose of inspection and copying, to the records of a mentally ill person (i) who by reason of his or her mental or physical condition is unable to authorize the agency to have such access; (ii) who does not have a legal guardian or for whom the State or a designee of the State is the legal guardian; and (iii) with respect to whom a complaint has been received by the agency or with respect to whom there is probable cause to believe that such person has been subjected to abuse or neglect.
    The agency shall provide written notice to the mentally ill person and the State guardian of the nature of the complaint based upon which the agency has gained access to the records. No record or the contents of the record shall be redisclosed by the agency unless the person who is mentally ill and the State guardian are provided 7 days advance written notice, except in emergency situations, of the agency's intent to redisclose such record. Within such 7-day period, the mentally ill person or the State guardian may seek an injunction prohibiting the agency's redisclosure of such record on the grounds that such redisclosure is contrary to the interests of the mentally ill person.
    Upon request, the authorized agency shall be entitled to inspect and copy any clinical or trust fund records of mentally ill persons which may further the agency's investigation of alleged problems affecting numbers of mentally ill persons. When required by law, any personally identifiable information of mentally ill persons shall be removed from the records. However, the agency may not inspect or copy any records or other materials when the removal of personally identifiable information imposes an unreasonable burden on any facility as defined by the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, or the Child Care Act of 1969, or any other facility providing care or treatment to mentally ill persons.
    (D) Prior to instituting any legal action in a federal or State court on behalf of a mentally ill individual, an eligible protection and advocacy system, or a State agency or nonprofit organization which entered into a contract with such an eligible system under Section 104(a) of the federal Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Individuals Act of 1986, shall exhaust in a timely manner all administrative remedies where appropriate. If, in pursuing administrative remedies, the system, State agency or organization determines that any matter with respect to such individual will not be resolved within a reasonable time, the system, State agency or organization may pursue alternative remedies, including the initiation of appropriate legal action.
(Source: P.A. 97-38, eff. 6-28-11; 97-227, eff. 1-1-12; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12; 98-104, eff. 7-22-13.)

405 ILCS 45/4

    (405 ILCS 45/4) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1354)
    Sec. 4. Immunity. Any person who in good faith complains to the agency on behalf of a mentally ill person or a person with any other disability, or who provides information or participates in the investigation of any such complaint, shall have immunity from any liability, civil, criminal or otherwise, and shall not be subject to any penalties, sanctions, restrictions or retaliation as a consequence of making such complaint, providing such information or participating in such investigation.
(Source: P.A. 85-623.)